List of countries by rail transport network size

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Rail network divided by area of country

This list of countries by rail transport network size based on International Union of Railways data ranks countries by length of rail lines worked at end of year updated with other reliable sources. These figures also include urban/suburban mass-transport systems; as well as lines which are not used for passenger services.[1]

List[edit]

Rank Country Length
(km)
Electrified length
(km)
Historic peak length
(km)
Area (km2) per km track Population per km track Nationalized or Private Year of
information
Notes
1 United States United States 257,722[2] <1,600[3] 409,000[4] 43.71 1,373 Private 2016 [5]
2 Russia Russia 175,496 104,563 97.57 819 Nationalized 2017 [6]
3 China China 127,000 86,600[7] 77.4[7] 11048[7] Nationalized 2017 [7]
4 India India 121,368 35,367[8] 48.34 17,796 Nationalized 2017 "Route length"[9]
5 Canada Canada 46,552 129 214.48 716 Private 2008 [5]
6 Germany Germany 43,468 19,973 58,297 8.22 1,881 Both 2010 [10]
7 Australia Australia 38,445 2,715 199.94 572 Both 2008 [5]
8 Brazil Brazil 37,743 6,988 299.6 6986 Private (2014)
9 Argentina Argentina 36,966 136 47,000 77.45 1117 Nationalized 2008 [5]
10 South Africa South Africa 20,953 8,105 58.28 2,577.29 Nationalized 2017 [11]
11 France France 29,640 15,140 21.53 2201 Nationalized 2008 [5]
12 Japan Japan 27,182 16,702[12] 16.10 5451 Private 2009 [5]
13 Italy Italy 26,500 16,683[13] 12.46 2507 Both (2011)
14 Ukraine Ukraine 22,300 9,752 27.07 2048 Nationalized (2010)
15 Romania Romania 22,298 3,971 10.69 854 Nationalized (2008)
16 Poland Poland 19,627 17,358 about 24,000 before 1989[14] 15.93 1946 Nationalized (2008)
17 United Kingdom United Kingdom 17,732 5,328[13] 34,000 (before Beeching axe) 15.00 3825 Both (Franchised)[a] (2008)
18 Mexico Mexico 17,166 22 114.43 6,697 Private 2008 [5]
19 Spain Spain 15,947 9,623 33.55 3062 Nationalized (2012) [15]
20 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 15,372 4,000 180.71 1,171 Nationalized (2010) [5]
21 Iran Iran 12,998 146 (additional 2,200 km in construction since February, 2012) 148.41 6816 Nationalized (2014) [16][17]
22 Sweden Sweden 12,821 7,918 16,900 (around 1938)[18] 35.12 732 Nationalized (2010)
23  Turkey 12,532 3,159[19] 71.29 6708 Nationalized (2016) [19]
24  Czech Republic 9,487 2,592[20] 8.31 1111 Nationalized (2008)
25  Indonesia 8,529 550 223.31 27853 Nationalized (2008) [5]
26  Hungary 7,942 11.71 1257 Nationalized (2008)
27  Pakistan 7,791 286 (currently inactive) 8,122 102.18 22759 Nationalized 2015 [21]
28  Egypt 6,700 149.47 12075 (2010)
29  Finland 5,919 3,067 57.13 911 Nationalized (2008) [5]
30  Chile 5,898 128.2 2931 (2006)
31  Austria 5,927 3,863 14.57 1460 Both (2008) [5]
32  Belarus 5,537 874 37.81 1731 2008 [5]
33  Sudan 5,478 339.81 5640 (2006)
34  South Korea 4,077.7 2,522 19.08 9348 Nationalized (2009) [5]
35  North Korea 5,235 ~3,500 23.03 4595 Nationalized (2006) [5]
36   Switzerland 5,232 5,232 ca. 5,232 7.89 1,532 Mainly privately operated
but thoroughly subsidized (~25%)
by taxes and by federal, cantonal,
and municipal subsidies.
2012 [22]
37  Cuba 5,076 21.84 2215 (2007)
38  Turkmenistan 4,980 153.44 1585 (2014)
40  Algeria 4,175 283 551.83 9391 (2014) [5]
39  Uzbekistan 4,280 105.77 6488 (2011)
41  Bulgaria 4,159 2,831 26.66 1771 (2008) [5]
42  New Zealand 4,128 64.64 1070 (2006) [5]
43  Norway 4,114 2622 78.71 1209 Nationalized (2008)
44  Thailand 4,507 107 126.04 16084 (2017) [5]
45  Democratic Republic of the Congo 4,007 585.19 16463 (2008)
46  Myanmar (Burma) 3,955 171.07 12127 (2006) [5]
47  Serbia 3,809 20.34 1918 Nationalized (2008)
48  Slovakia 3,658 1577 13.4 1486 (2010)
49  Nigeria 3,528 261.84 44904 (2006)
50  Ireland 3,237 53 5600 21.71 1424 Nationalized (2008)
51  Belgium 3,233 2,950 Over 5000 (10 000 if you include regional tramways) 8.69 3108 Nationalized (2008) [5]
52  Vietnam 3,147 105.25 27765 (2007)
53  Mozambique 3,116 256.54 6604 (2008)
54  Netherlands 3,013 2,303 13.71 5576 Semi privatised (2015) [23][24]
55  Zimbabwe 3,000 313 130.25 4190 Nationalized (2010)
56  Uruguay 2,993 58.88 1121 (2006)
57  Croatia 2,974 1228 19.03 1443 (2009)
58  Azerbaijan 2,918 1,278 29.68 3207 (2009) [5]
59  Bolivia 2,866 383.32 3638 (2007)
60  Bangladesh 2,835 50.79 53392 (2008)
61  Portugal 2,794 1,629[25] 33.0 3594 Nationalized (2013)
62  Kenya 2,778 208.92 13899 (2010)
63  Angola 2,761 2,764 451.54 6911 (2006) [5]
64  Tanzania 2,722 348.02 15866 (2006)
65  Denmark 2,667 640 16.16 2086 Nationalized (2008)
66  Greece 2,552 51.73 4229 (2012)
67  Namibia 2,382 346.05 877 (2006) [5]
68  Latvia 2,269 28.47 978 (2007)
69  Tunisia 2,218 73.76 4756 (2007)
70  Syria 2,139 86.57 11078 (2008)
71  Iraq 2,032 215.71 15587 (2006)
72  Peru 2,020 636.25 14585 (2008)
73  Morocco 1,989 224.51 16227 (2008)
74  Malaysia 1,849 207 178.40 15324 (2010) [5]
75  Mongolia 1,810 864.15 1560 (2008)
76  Lithuania 1,766 36.98 1824 (2007)
77  Taiwan 1,703 1,300 5,000 21.25 13638 Both (2012) [26]
78  Colombia 1,663 648.85 27770 (2007)
79  Georgia 1,513 46.07 2932 (2007)
80  Sri Lanka 1,508 43.51 13696 (2010)
81  Saudi Arabia 1,412 1522.44 19219 (2007)
82  Israel 1,384 0 15.01 6355 Nationalized (2017) [27]
83  Zambia 1,237 608.42 10547 (2006)
84  Slovenia 1,228 503.5 16.51 1672 (2007)
85  Moldova 1,156 29.28 3083 (2008)
86  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,103 392 46.42 3484 (2007) [5]
87  Cameroon 974 488.13 19924 (2007)
88  Ecuador 966 293.54 14810 (2006) [5]
89  Ghana 953 250.30 25429 (2006)
90  Senegal 906 217.13 13724 (2004)
91  Botswana 888 655.10 2027 (2007)
92  Guatemala 885 123.04 16228 Private (2004) Operations Halted since 2006
93  Madagascar 854 687.40 24255 (2007)
94  Armenia 869 818 35.20 3863 (2012) [5]
95  Guinea 837 293.74 11926 (2006) [5]
96  Estonia 2164 132 20.95 608 Both (2014)
97  Gabon 810 330.45 1858 (2007)
98  Malawi 797 148.66 18696 (2007)
99  Republic of the Congo 795 430.19 5086 (2006)
100  Djibouti 92 80 252.17 9203 (2016) [28]
101  Benin 758 148.58 11581 (2006)
102  Mali 733 1691.94 19805 (2002)
103  Mauritania 728 1415.80 4753 (2008)
104  Honduras 699 160.36 11753 (2006) [5]
105  Macedonia 699 36.79 2943 (2007)
106  Ethiopia 659 659 784 1675.72 150935 (2016) [29]
107  Cambodia 650 278.52 20609 (2003)
108  Côte d'Ivoire 639 504.64 30889 (2007)
109  Burkina Faso 622 440.84 25291 (2006)
110  Tajikistan 616 232.31 11167 (2007)
111  Fiji 597 30.61 1442 (2006) [5]
112  Togo 568 99.97 10613 (2006) [5]
113  El Salvador 562 37.44 10221 (2007)
114  Dominican Republic 517 94.14 18141 (2006) [5]
115  Liberia 490 227.28 8151 (2006) [5]
116  Philippines 479 626.30 196270 (2008) as of March 2013 only
80 km used (43 km for Tututban -Sta. Rosa and 37 km for Sipocot-Naga City)
117  Albania 423 67.96 7553 (2007)
118  Kyrgyzstan 417 479.50 12860 (2007)
119  Lebanon 401 25.94 10544 (2006) [5]
120  Panama 355 212.45 9594 (2006) [5]
121  Venezuela 336 2714.43 87458 (2006)
122  Eritrea 306 384.31 17170 (2006) [5]
123  Swaziland 301 57.69 3940 (2008)
124  Costa Rica 278 183.81 16416 (2007) [5]
125  Luxembourg 274 9.40 1826 Nationalized (2007)
126  United Arab Emirates 264 316 21,893 Private (2013)
127  Jamaica 65 40.41 9948 (2003) [5]
128  Uganda 1,244 930.65 122780 (2002)
129  Jordan 507 355.94 24649 (2007)
130  Montenegro 250 55.47 (2008)
131  Hong Kong 218 Private (2014) [30]
132  Singapore 160.6 3.94 28682 (2012) [31]
133  Guyana 127.2 1149.57 4197 (2001 est.) [5]
134  Suriname 166 986.87 3163 (2001) [5]
135  Puerto Rico (US) 17.2 143.65 38810 (2006) [5]
136  Sierra Leone 84 854.05 69857 (2001) [5]
137  Afghanistan 75 8696.40 418827 (2011) [32]
138    Nepal 59 2494.59 484491 (2006) [5]
139  Saint Kitts and Nevis 58 5.22 1040 (2006) [5]
140  Paraguay 38 11298.67 173056 (2006) [5]
141  Brunei 13 443.46 30692 (2001 est.) [5]
142  Liechtenstein 9.5 17.78 4017 (2006) [5]
143  Nauru 3.9 4.20 2000 (2001) [5]
144 Western Sahara 5 53200.00 106200 (2008) see Mauritania Railway
145  Laos 3.5 59200.00 1557550 (2005) see Friendship Bridge
146  Monaco 1.7 1.7 1.18 20588 (2012) [5]
147  Lesotho 1.6 10118.33 723667 (1995) [5]
149   Vatican City 1.27 0 0.52 969 (2001 est.)
World 1,370,782 372.12 4814 (2006) [5]
  1. ^ In 2014, Network Rail, which owns the railway infrastructure in Great Britain, was reclassified as a "public sector body" and its financial liabilities are now formally included as part of the national debt.[33] Much debate continues if this constitutes as the "nationalisation" of Network Rail.[citation needed] Private firms continue to operate the majority of train services under government franchises or concessions.

Countries currently without a rail network[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Primary source: UIC data

  1. ^ Lewandowski, Krzysztof (2015). "New coefficients of rail transport usage" (PDF). International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT). 5 (6): 89–91. ISSN 2277-3754. 
  2. ^ https://www.aar.org/Documents/Railroad-Statistics.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.21stcenturysciencetech.com/Articles%202005/SuperiorRail.pdf
  4. ^ "The Geography of Transport Systems". New York Routledge. Retrieved 2015-11-22. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay "The World Bank". data.worldbank.org. The World Bank. 2014. Retrieved 2017-02-20. 
  6. ^ "Russian Raiways". 
  7. ^ a b c d "2016年铁道统计公报". 国家铁路局. Archived from the original on 2017-06-08. Retrieved 2017-05-05. 
  8. ^ "Indian Railways Statistical Publications 2016-17: Statistical Summary" (PDF). Ministry of Railways (India). Retrieved 2017-02-23. 
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  11. ^ "South Africa: Transnet Freight rail 2017" (PDF). Transnet. 18 February 2017. Retrieved 2018-06-15. 
  12. ^ "The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  13. ^ a b 23 Jul 2009 (2009-07-23). "Electrified rail network: the benefits". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  14. ^ "Zamkną 2 tys. km torów w Polsce" (in Polish). February 15, 2013. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  15. ^ "Infraestructuras baja.pdf" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  16. ^ "Islamic Republic Of Iran Railways :: راه آهن جمهوري اسلامي ايران". Rai.ir. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  17. ^ The figure includes passenger, commercial and industrial railroads; More information can be found at Islamic Republic of Iran Railways
  18. ^ "Banguiden. Kort svensk järnvägshistoria" (in Swedish). Retrieved 2018-04-12. 
  19. ^ a b "TCDD Annual Report" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-05-26. 
  20. ^ Radek Rychnovský. "Czech railway map". Mapa.rychnovsky.cz. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  21. ^ http://www.pakrail.com/ybbt.pdf
  22. ^ "LITRA Verkehrszahlen 2014" (PDF) (publication) (in German and French). Bern, Switzerland: LITRA – Informationsdienst für den öffentlichen Verkehr. August 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-16. 
  23. ^ "CBS StatLine - Lengte van spoorwegen; spoorwegkenmerken, provincie". 
  24. ^ "CBS StatLine - Bevolking; kerncijfers". 
  25. ^ "Infraestruturas de Portugal". Archived from the original on 2008-03-18. 
  26. ^ "Statistical Abstract of Transportation & Communications – Mileage of Railways in Taiwan Area". MOTC, ROC(Taiwan). Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  27. ^ Weissman, Shahar. "Annual Report, 2017" (PDF) (in Hebrew). Israel Railways. p. 24. Retrieved July 7, 2018. 
  28. ^ Mahdi Miad. "Ethiopia-Djibouti Railway Line to Start Early 2016 | DP World – Doraleh Website". dpworld-doraleh.com. Archived from the original on 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2017-05-07. 
  29. ^ "Chinese, Ethiopian firms sign railway project deal|Africa|chinadaily.com.cn". usa.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2017-05-07. 
  30. ^ https://www.thb.gov.hk/eng/psp/publications/transport/publications/rds2014.pdf
  31. ^ "Ministry of Transport, Singapore – Gain new perspectives on land, sea and air transport issues in Singapore". Archived from the original on 2014-04-06. Retrieved 2014-11-04. 
  32. ^ "Afghanistan opens first ever train route". Telegraph.co.uk. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 2014-11-04. 
  33. ^ Budget (19 March 2014). "Budget 2014: fears of more austerity in spite of growth". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  34. ^ "澳門日報電子版". www.macaodaily.com. Archived from the original on 2017-01-18. Retrieved 2017-01-14.