List of countries by rail transport network size

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Rail network divided by area of country

This list of countries by rail transport network size based on International Union of Railways data ranks countries by length of rail lines worked at end of year updated with other reliable sources. These figures also include urban/suburban mass-transport systems, as well as lines which are not used for passenger services.[1]

List[edit]

Rank Country Length
(km)
Electrified length
(km)
Historic peak length
(km)
Area (km2) per km track Population per km track Nationalised or Private Data year Notes
1 United States United States 257,722[2] <1,600[3] 409,000[4] 43.71 1,373 Private 2016 [5]
2 China China 131,000 87,000[6] 75.6[6] 10,945[6] Nationalised 2017 [6]
3 Russia Russia 85,500 43,700 199.98 1,678 Nationalised 2017 [7]
4 India India 67,368[8] 32,245[8] 48.8 19,656 Nationalised 2017 [8]
5 Canada Canada 46,552 129 214.48 716 Private 2017 [5]
6 Germany Germany 43,468 19,973 58,297 8.22 1,881 Both 2010 [9]
7 Australia Australia 38,445 2,715 199.94 572 Both 2008 [5]
8 Brazil Brazil 37,743 6,988 299.6 6986 Private (2014)
9 Argentina Argentina 36,966 136 47,000 77.45 1117 Nationalised 2008 [5]
10 France France 29,640 15,140 21.53 2201 Nationalised 2008 [5]
11 Japan Japan 27,182 16,702[10] 16.10 5451 Private 2009 [5]
12 Italy Italy 26,500 16,683[11] 12.46 2507 Both (2011)
13 Ukraine Ukraine 22,300 9,752 27.07 2048 Nationalised (2010)
14 Romania Romania 22,298 3,971 10.69 854 Both (2008)
15 South Africa South Africa 20,953 8,105 58.28 2,577.29 Nationalised 2017 [12]
16 Poland Poland 19,627 17,358 24,000
(before 1989)[13]
15.93 1946 Nationalised (2008)
17 United Kingdom United Kingdom 17,732 5,328[11] 34,000
(before Beeching Axe)
15.00 3825 Both (Franchised)[a] (2008)
18 Mexico Mexico 17,166 22 114.43 6,697 Private 2008 [5]
19 Spain Spain 15,947 9,623 33.55 3062 Nationalised (2012) [14]
20 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 15,372 4,000 180.71 1,171 Nationalised (2010) [5]
21 Iran Iran 12,998 2,200 km 148.41 6816 Nationalised (2014) [15][16]
22 Sweden Sweden 12,821 7,918 16,900
(around 1938)[17]
35.12 732 Both (2010)
23  Turkey 12,532 3,159[18] 71.29 6708 Nationalised (2016) [18]
24  Czech Republic 9,487 2,592[19] 8.31 1111 Nationalised (2008)
25  Indonesia 8,529 550 223.31 27853 Nationalised (2008) [5]
26  Hungary 7,942 11.71 1257 Nationalised (2008)
27  Pakistan 7,791 286
(currently inactive)
8,122 102.18 22759 Nationalised 2015 [20]
28  Egypt 6,700 149.47 12075 Nationalised (2010)
29  Austria 5,927 3,863 14.57 1460 Both (2008) [5]
30  Finland 5,919 3,067 57.13 911 Nationalised (2008) [5]
31  Chile 5,898 128.2 2931 (2006)
32  Belarus 5,537 874 37.81 1731 2008 [5]
33  Sudan 5,478 339.81 5640 (2006)
34  North Korea 5,235 ~3,500 23.03 4595 Nationalised (2006) [5]
35   Switzerland 5,232 5,232 5,232 7.89 1,532 Mainly privately operated
but thoroughly subsidised (~25%)
by taxes and by federal, cantonal,
and municipal subsidies.
2012 [21]
36  Cuba 5,076 21.84 2215 (2007)
37  Turkmenistan 4,980 153.44 1585 (2014)
38  Saudi Arabia 4,700 1522.44 19219 (2007)
38  Thailand 4,700 107 126.04 16084 (2017) [5]
39  Uzbekistan 4,280 105.77 6488 (2011)
40  Algeria 4,175 283 551.83 9391 (2014) [5]
41  Bulgaria 4,159 2,831 26.66 1771 (2008) [5]
42  New Zealand 4,128 589 5,689 64.64 1070 (2006) [5]
43  Norway 4,114 2622 78.71 1209 Nationalised (2008)
44  South Korea 4,078 2,522 19.08 9348 Nationalised (2009) [5]
45  Democratic Republic of the Congo 4,007 585.19 16463 (2008)
46  Myanmar (Burma) 3,955 171.07 12127 (2006) [5]
47  Serbia 3,809 20.34 1918 Nationalised (2008)
48  Slovakia 3,658 1577 13.4 1486 (2010)
49  Belgium 3,602[22] 3,127 5,000
(10,000 including regional tramways)
8.69 3108 Nationalised (2016) (km track per population or area dates from 2008, and wasn't updated in the 2018 update)[5] [22]
50  Nigeria 3,528 261.84 44904 (2006)
51  Ireland 3,237 53 5,600 21.71 1424 Nationalised (2008)
52  Vietnam 2,347 141.12 27765 (2007)
53  Mozambique 3,116 256.54 6604 (2008)
54  Netherlands 3,013 2,303 13.71 5576 Semi privatised (2015) [23][24]
55  Zimbabwe 3,000 313 130.25 4190 Nationalised (2010)
56  Uruguay 2,993 58.88 1121 (2006)
57  Croatia 2,974 1228 19.03 1443 (2009)
58  Azerbaijan 2,918 1,278 29.68 3207 (2009) [5]
59  Bolivia 2,866 383.32 3638 (2007)
60  Bangladesh 2,835 50.79 53392 (2008)
61  Portugal 2,562 1,634[25] 36.0 4017 Nationalised (2013)
62  Kenya 2,778 208.92 13899 (2010)
63  Angola 2,761 2,764 451.54 6911 (2006) [5]
64  Tanzania 2,722 348.02 15866 (2006)
65  Denmark 2,667 640 16.16 2086 Nationalised (2008)
66  Greece 2,552 51.73 4229 (2012)
67  Namibia 2,382 346.05 877 (2006) [5]
68  Latvia 2,269 28.47 978 (2007)
69  Tunisia 2,218 73.76 4756 (2007)
70  Estonia 2164 132 3,000 20.95 608 Both (2014)
71  Syria 2,139 86.57 11078 (2008)
72  Iraq 2,032 215.71 15587 (2006)
73  Peru 2,020 636.25 14585 (2008)
74  Morocco 1,989 224.51 16227 (2008)
75  Malaysia 1,849 207 178.40 15324 (2010) [5]
76  Mongolia 1,810 864.15 1560 (2008)
77  Lithuania 1,766 36.98 1824 (2007)
78  Taiwan 1,703 1,300 5,000 21.25 13638 Both (2012) [26]
79  Colombia 1,663 648.85 27770 (2007)
80  Georgia 1,513 46.07 2932 (2007)
81  Sri Lanka 1,508 43.51 13696 (2010)
83  Israel 1,384 0[needs update] 15.01 6355 Nationalised (2017) [27]. The figure does not include mass-transit systems.
84  Uganda 1,244 930.65 122780 (2002)
85  Zambia 1,237 608.42 10547 (2006)
86  Slovenia 1,228 503.5 16.51 1672 (2007)
87  Moldova 1,156 29.28 3083 (2008)
88  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,103 392 46.42 3484 (2007) [5]
89  Cameroon 974 488.13 19924 (2007)
90  Ecuador 966 293.54 14810 (2006) [5]
91  Ghana 953 250.30 25429 (2006)
92  Senegal 906 217.13 13724 (2004)
93  Botswana 888 655.10 2027 (2007)
94  Guatemala 885 123.04 16228 Private (2004) Operations Halted since 2006
95  Madagascar 854 687.40 24255 (2007)
96  Armenia 869 818 35.20 3863 (2012) [5]
97  Guinea 837 293.74 11926 (2006) [5]
98  Gabon 810 330.45 1858 (2007)
99  Malawi 797 148.66 18696 (2007)
100  Republic of the Congo 795 430.19 5086 (2006)
101  Benin 758 148.58 11581 (2006)
102  Mali 733 1691.94 19805 (2002)
103  Mauritania 728 1415.80 4753 (2008)
104  Honduras 699 160.36 11753 (2006) [5]
105  Macedonia 699 36.79 2943 (2007)
106  Ethiopia 659 659 784 1675.72 150935 (2016) [28]
107  Cambodia 650 278.52 20609 (2003)
108  Côte d'Ivoire 639 504.64 30889 (2007)
109  Burkina Faso 622 440.84 25291 (2006)
110  Tajikistan 616 232.31 11167 (2007)
111  Fiji 597 30.61 1442 (2006) [5]
112  Togo 568 99.97 10613 (2006) [5]
113  El Salvador 562 37.44 10221 (2007)
114  Dominican Republic 517 94.14 18141 (2006) [5]
115  Jordan 507 355.94 24649 (2007)
116  Liberia 490 227.28 8151 (2006) [5]
117  Philippines 479 626.30 196270 (2008) as of March 2013 only 80 km used (43 km for Tututban -Sta. Rosa and 37 km for Sipocot-Naga City)
118  Albania 423 67.96 7553 (2007)
119  Kyrgyzstan 417 479.50 12860 (2007)
120  Lebanon 401 25.94 10544 (2006) [5]
121  Panama 355 212.45 9594 (2006) [5]
122  Venezuela 336 2714.43 87458 (2006)
123  Eritrea 306 384.31 17170 (2006) [5]
124  Swaziland 301 57.69 3940 (2008)
125  Costa Rica 278 183.81 16416 (2007) [5]
126  Luxembourg 274 9.40 1826 Nationalised (2007)
127  United Arab Emirates 264 316 21,893 Private (2013)
128  Montenegro 250 55.47 2516.88 (2008)
129  Hong Kong 218 34077.46 Private (2014) [29]
130  Suriname 166 986.87 3163 (2001) [5]
131  Singapore 160.6 3.94 28682 (2012) [30]
132  Guyana 127.2 1149.57 4197 (2001 est.) [5]
133  Djibouti 92 80 252.17 9203 (2016) [31]
134  Sierra Leone 84 854.05 69857 (2001) [5]
135  Afghanistan 75 8696.40 418827 (2011) [32]
136  Jamaica 65 40.41 9948 (2003) [5]
137    Nepal 59 2494.59 484491 (2006) [5]
138  Saint Kitts and Nevis 58 5.22 1040 (2006) [5]
139  Paraguay 38 11298.67 173056 (2006) [5]
140  Puerto Rico (US) 17.2 143.65 38810 (2006) [5]
141  Brunei 13 443.46 30692 (2001 est.) [5]
142  Liechtenstein 9.5 17.78 4017 (2006) [5]
143 Western Sahara 5 53200.00 106200 (2008) see Mauritania Railway
144  Nauru 3.9 4.20 2000 (2001) [5]
145  Laos 3.5 59200.00 1557550 (2005) see Friendship Bridge
146  Monaco 1.7 1.7 1.18 20588 (2012) [5]
147  Lesotho 1.6 10118.33 723667 (1995) [5]
148   Vatican City 1.27 0 0.52 969 (2001 est.)
World 1,370,782 372.12 4814 (2006) [5]
  1. ^ In 2014, Network Rail, which owns the railway infrastructure in Great Britain, was reclassified as a "public sector body" and its financial liabilities are now formally included as part of the national debt.[33] Much debate continues if this constitutes as the "nationalisation" of Network Rail.[citation needed] Private firms continue to operate the majority of train services under government franchises or concessions.

Countries currently without a rail network[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Primary source: UIC data

  1. ^ Lewandowski, Krzysztof (2015). "New coefficients of rail transport usage" (PDF). International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT). 5 (6): 89–91. ISSN 2277-3754.
  2. ^ https://www.aar.org/Documents/Railroad-Statistics.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.21stcenturysciencetech.com/Articles%202005/SuperiorRail.pdf
  4. ^ "The Geography of Transport Systems". New York Routledge. Retrieved 2015-11-22.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay "The World Bank". data.worldbank.org. The World Bank. 2014. Retrieved 2017-02-20.
  6. ^ a b c d [http//news.gaotie.cn/pinglun/2019-01-13/489338.html "中国铁路的"成绩单""] Check |url= value (help). 中国铁路的“成绩单”. Retrieved 2019-01-13.
  7. ^ "Russian Raiways".
  8. ^ a b c "Indian Railways Statistical Publications 2016-17: The Network" (PDF). Ministry of Railways (India). Retrieved 2017-04-01.
  9. ^ "The World Factbook". cia.gov.
  10. ^ "The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  11. ^ a b 23 Jul 2009 (2009-07-23). "Electrified rail network: the benefits". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  12. ^ "South Africa: Transnet Freight rail 2017" (PDF). Transnet. 18 February 2017. Retrieved 2018-06-15.
  13. ^ "Zamkną 2 tys. km torów w Polsce" (in Polish). February 15, 2013. Retrieved 2014-02-12.
  14. ^ "Infraestructuras baja.pdf" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  15. ^ "Islamic Republic Of Iran Railways :: راه آهن جمهوري اسلامي ايران". Rai.ir. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  16. ^ The figure includes passenger, commercial and industrial railroads; More information can be found at Islamic Republic of Iran Railways
  17. ^ "Banguiden. Kort svensk järnvägshistoria" (in Swedish). Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  18. ^ a b "TCDD Annual Report" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-05-26.
  19. ^ Radek Rychnovský. "Czech railway map". Mapa.rychnovsky.cz. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  20. ^ http://www.pakrail.com/ybbt.pdf
  21. ^ "LITRA Verkehrszahlen 2014" (PDF) (publication) (in German and French). Bern, Switzerland: LITRA – Informationsdienst für den öffentlichen Verkehr. August 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-16.
  22. ^ a b "Infrabel Key Figures 2016" (PDF). Infrabel.
  23. ^ "CBS StatLine - Lengte van spoorwegen; spoorwegkenmerken, provincie".
  24. ^ "CBS StatLine - Bevolking; kerncijfers".
  25. ^ http://www.infraestruturasdeportugal.pt/rede/ferroviaria. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  26. ^ "Statistical Abstract of Transportation & Communications – Mileage of Railways in Taiwan Area". MOTC, ROC(Taiwan). Retrieved 2013-09-21.
  27. ^ Weissman, Shahar. "Annual Report, 2017" (PDF) (in Hebrew). Israel Railways. p. 24. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  28. ^ "Chinese, Ethiopian firms sign railway project deal|Africa|chinadaily.com.cn". usa.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  29. ^ https://www.thb.gov.hk/eng/psp/publications/transport/publications/rds2014.pdf
  30. ^ "Ministry of Transport, Singapore – Gain new perspectives on land, sea and air transport issues in Singapore". Archived from the original on 2014-04-06. Retrieved 2014-11-04.
  31. ^ Mahdi Miad. "Ethiopia-Djibouti Railway Line to Start Early 2016 | DP World – Doraleh Website". dpworld-doraleh.com. Archived from the original on 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  32. ^ "Afghanistan opens first ever train route". Telegraph.co.uk. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 2014-11-04.
  33. ^ Budget (19 March 2014). "Budget 2014: fears of more austerity in spite of growth". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
  34. ^ "澳門日報電子版". www.macaodaily.com. Archived from the original on 2017-01-18. Retrieved 2017-01-14.