List of countries by rail transport network size

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Rail network divided by area of country

This list of countries by rail transport network size based on International Union of Railways data ranks countries by length of rail lines worked at end of year updated with other reliable sources. These figures also include urban/suburban mass-transport systems, as well as lines which are not used for passenger services.[citation needed]

List[edit]

Rank Country Length
(km)
Electrified length
(km)
Historical peak length
(km)
Area (km2) per km track Population per km track Nationalised or Private[a] Data year Notes
European Union European Union[b] 208,211.4 117,599.1 ~223,000[c] 20.46 2,347 Both 2017 [2]
1 United States United States 202,500 2,025[3] 408,833[4] 65.55 2,060 Both 2017 [2]
2 China China 139,000 100,000[5] 176,400 75.6[5] 10,945[5] Nationalised 2019 [5]
3 India India 95,981 59,142 48.8 19,656 Both 2019 [6]
4 Russia Russia 85,600 43,800 150,000 199.98 1,678 Nationalised 2019 [7]
5 Canada Canada 64,000 129 214.48 674 Private 2017 [8]
6 Brazil Brazil 49,000 9,025 299.6 7,225 Private 2014
7 Germany Germany 40,625 22,500 64,000 9.26 2,145 Both 2017 [2]
8 Argentina Argentina 36,917 190 47,000 77.45 1,117 Nationalised 2014 [8]
9 Australia Australia 33,168 3,393 231.91 742 Both 2017 [9]
10 France France 29,273 15,687 42,500 22.78 2,374 Nationalised 2017 [2]
11 Japan Japan 27,311 20,534 16.10 5,451 Private 2015 [8]
12 South Africa South Africa 26,000 4,225 8,105 58.28 2,577.29 Nationalised 2017 [10]
13 Ukraine Ukraine 20,952 9,801 28.81 2,140 Nationalised 2016 [2]
14 Poland Poland 19,209 11,874 27,000
(1954)[11]
16.28 2,001 Nationalised 2017 [2]
15 Mexico Mexico 19,166 22 114.43 6,697 Private 2008 [8]
16 Iran Iran 16,998 2,200 148.41 6,816 Nationalised 2014 [12][13]
17 Italy Italy 16,788 13,106 at least 24,227[d] 17.95 3,614 Both 2016 [2]
18 Spain Spain 16,355.4 11,127.5 over 18,000 (1950s)[15] 31.73 2,920 Nationalised 2017 [e]
19 United Kingdom United Kingdom 16,320 5,357 34,000
(before Beeching Axe)
14.86 4,047 Both (Franchised)[f] 2017 [2]
20 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 15,530 4,200 175 1,146 Nationalised 2016 [2]
21  Myanmar (Burma) 11,025 171.07 12,127 2006 [8]
22 Sweden Sweden 14,180 11,939 16,900
(around 1938)[20]
32 705 Both 2020 [21]
23  Turkey 12,740 5,467 76 7,821 Nationalised 2018 [2][22]
24 Romania Romania 10,774 3,292 at least 11,348[g] 22.13 1,823 Both 2017 [2]
25  Czech Republic 9,567 3,237[24] 8.24 1,106 Nationalised 2017 [2]
32  Indonesia 6,000 471 223.31 27853 Nationalised 2008 [8]
27  Pakistan 8,100 286
(currently inactive)
8,122 102.18 22759 Nationalised 2015 [25]
28  Hungary 7,945 2,889 11.71 1,233 Nationalised 2017 [2]
29  Egypt 7,024 62 144 13,888 Nationalised 2017 [26]
30  Chile 6,634 128.2 2,931 2006
31  Sudan 6,084 339.81 5,640 2006
32  Finland 5,926 3,270 57.06 929 Nationalised 2017 [2]
33  North Korea 5,735 ~3,500 23.03 4,595 Nationalised 2006 [8]
34  Saudi Arabia 5,590 384.56 6,254 2019 [27]
35  Austria 5,527 3,826 15.18 1,587 Both 2017 [2]
36  Cuba 5,476 21.84 2,215 2007
37  Belarus 5,459 874 38.03 1,741 2016 [2]
38   Switzerland 5,196 5,196 5,632 7.95 1,585 Mainly privately operated[h] 2015 [2]
39  Turkmenistan 5,080 153.44 1,585 2014
40  Thailand 4,900 107 126.04 16,084 2017 [8]
41  Uzbekistan 4,580 105.77 6,488 2011
42  Algeria 4,440 283 536.43 9,306 2016 [26]
43  South Korea 4,165 2,522 19.08 9348 Nationalised 2009 [8]
44  New Zealand 4,128 506 5,689 64.64 1,070 2018 [8]
45  Democratic Republic of the Congo 4,096 585.19 16,463 2008
46  Bulgaria 4,030 2,880 27.54 1,762 2017 [2]
47  Norway 3,848 2,622 83.12 1,350 Both (Franchised) 2017 [2]
48  Serbia 3,764 1,279 23.48 1,866 Nationalised 2017 [2]
49  Slovakia 3,626 1,587 13.52 1,499 2017 [2]
50  Belgium 3,607 2,960 5,000
(10,000 including regional tramways)
8.48 3,140 Nationalised 2018 [8][28]
51  Nigeria 3,600 261.84 44,904 2006
52  Vietnam 3,364 141.12 27,765 2007
53  Mozambique 3,249 256.54 6,604 2008
54  Zimbabwe 3,136 313 130.25 4,190 Nationalised 2010
55  Netherlands 3,055 2,314 13.59 5,591 Semi privatised 2017 [2]
56  Uruguay 2,993 58.88 1,121 2006
57  Bolivia 2,866 383.32 3,638 2007
58  Bangladesh 2,835 50.79 53,392 2008
59  Angola 2,761 2,764 451.54 6,911 2006 [8]
60  Tanzania 2,722 348.02 15,866 2006
61  Croatia 2,604 985 21.71 1,595 2017 [2]
62  Portugal 2,546 1,633 36.13 4,049 Nationalised 2017 [2]
63  Kenya 2,541 228.4 17,643 2013 [29]
64  Namibia 2,382 346.05 877 2006 [8]
65  Greece 2,240 764 58.91 4,808 2017 [2]
66  Tunisia 2,165 75.57 5,326 2018 [26]
67  Syria 2,139 86.57 11,078 2008
68  Morocco 2,109 1,022 211.74 16,946 2017 [26]
69  Azerbaijan 2,068 1,278 41.88 4,666 2015 [2]
70  Iraq 2,032 215.71 15,587 2006
71  Peru 2,020 636.25 14,585 2008
72  Denmark 1,987 640 5,290[30] 21.69 2,893 Nationalised, rural lines franchised 2017 [2]
73  Ireland 1,931 53 5,600 36.39 2,477 Nationalised 2017 [2]
74  Lithuania 1,911 122 33.8 1,490 2017 [2]
75  Latvia 1,860 257[31] 35.11 1,048 2017 [2]
76  Malaysia 1,849 207 178.40 15,324 2010 [8]
77  Mongolia 1,810 864.15 1,560 2008
78 Taiwan Taiwan 1,782 1,300 5,000 21.25 13638 Both 2018 [32]
79  Colombia 1,663 648.85 27,770 2007
80  Georgia 1,576 1,288 44.23 2,360 2016 [2]
81  Sri Lanka 1,508 43.51 13,696 2010
82  Israel 1,384 56[33] 15.01 6,355 Nationalised 2017 [26][34]
83  Uganda 1,244 930.65 122,780 2002
84  Zambia 1,237 608.42 10,547 2006
85  Slovenia 1,209 503 16.75 1,709 2017 [2]
86  Estonia 1,161 132 3,000 38.96 1,134 Both 2017 [2]
87  Moldova 1,151 29.4 3,084 2017 [2]
88  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,018 565 50.29 3,445 2017 [2]
89  Cameroon 977 1,104 486.63 23,367 2015 [35]
90  Ecuador 966 293.54 14,810 2006 [8]
91  Ghana 953 250.30 25,429 2006
92  Senegal 906 217.12 16,534 2015 [29]
93  Botswana 888 655.1 2,488 2014
94  Guatemala 885 123.04 16,228 Private 2004 Operations Halted since 2006
95  Madagascar 848 692.27 28,573 2015 [29]
96  Guinea 837 293.74 11,926 2006 [8]
97  Gabon 810 330.45 1,858 2007
98  Malawi 797 148.66 18,696 2007
99  Republic of the Congo 795 430.19 5086 2006
100  Benin 758 148.58 11,581 2006
101  Mali 729 1,701.22 22,606 2013
102  Mauritania 728 1,415.80 4,753 2008
103  Armenia 703 703 42.31 4,168 2016 [2]
104  Honduras 699 160.36 11,753 2006 [8]
105  North Macedonia 683 313 37.65 3,037 2017 [2]
106  Ethiopia 659 659 784 1,675.72 150,935 2016 [36]
107  Cambodia 650 278.52 24,994 2018 [37]
108  Côte d'Ivoire 639 504.64 30,889 2007
109  Burkina Faso 622 440.84 25,291 2006
109  Jordan 622 143.64 15,598 2017 [26]
111  Tajikistan 616 232.31 11,167 2007
112  Fiji 597 30.61 1,442 2006 [8]
113  Togo 568 99.97 10,613 2006 [8]
114  El Salvador 562 37.44 10,221 2007
115  Dominican Republic 517 94.14 18,141 2006 [8]
116  Liberia 490 227.28 8,151 2006 [8]
117  Kyrgyzstan 417 479.38 13,446 2012 [2]
118  Panama 355 212.45 9,594 2006 [8]
119  Venezuela 336 2,714.43 87,458 2006
120  Albania 334 86.07 8,602 2016 [2]
121  Eritrea 306 384.31 17,170 2006 [8]
122  Eswatini 301 57.69 3,940 2008
123  Costa Rica 278 183.81 16,416 2007 [8]
124  Luxembourg 275 275 9.4 2,148 Nationalised 2017 [2]
125  United Arab Emirates 264 316 21,893 Private 2019
126  Montenegro 250 225 55.25 2,490 2017 [2]
127  Hong Kong 218 5.08 33,165 Private 2014 [38]
128  Suriname 166 986.87 3,163 2001 [8]
129  Singapore 161 3.94 28,682 2012 [39]
130  Guyana 127 1,149.57 4,197 2001 est. [8]
131  Djibouti 92 80 252.17 9,203 2016 [40]
132  Sierra Leone 84 854.05 69,857 2001 [8]
133  Philippines 76 47 1,100[41] 626.30 196,270 Both 2019
134  Afghanistan 75 8,696.40 418,827 2011 [42]
135  Jamaica 65 40.41 9,948 2003 [8]
136  Saint Kitts and Nevis 58 5.22 1,040 2006 [8]
137    Nepal 57 2,582.12 514,035 2017 [43]
138  Paraguay 38 11,298.67 173,056 2006 [8]
139  Puerto Rico (US) 17 370 143.65 38,810 2006 [8]
140  Brunei 13 443.46 30,692 2001 est. [8]
141  Liechtenstein 9.5 9.5 17.78 4,017 2017 [8]
142  Western Sahara 5 53,200.00 106,200 2008 see Mauritania Railway
143  Nauru 3.9 4.20 2,000 2001 [8]
144  Laos 3.5 59,200.00 1,557,550 2005 see Friendship Bridge
145  Monaco 1.7 1.7 1.18 20,588 2019 [8]
146  Lesotho 1.6 10,118.33 723,667 1995 [8]
147   Vatican City 0.3 0 0.3 1.47 3,333 2019
World 1,370,782 372.12 4,814 2006 [8]
Notes
  1. ^ This refers to both track ownership and train operation
  2. ^ The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU is included as a separate entity because it has many attributes of independent nations, being much more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur.[1] Transport and trans-European networks are among shared competence between EU and member states. As the EU is not a country, the United States is the first ranked country on these lists.
  3. ^ The sum of all countries of the European Union appearing in this article.
  4. ^ The RFI cited that length as the total railway length in exercise in 2011[14], but it could have been longer in previous years.
  5. ^ The Spanish railway network comprises the 11,934.3 km of the ADIF network (6,706.4 of them are electrified) [16], the 3,455.7 electrified km of the ADIF AV network[17], the electrified Catalan FGC (253.4 km) and the electrified Metro networks of Madrid (293 km), Barcelona (166 km), Valencia (156.4 km), Bilbao (51 km), Seville (18 km), Palma (15.6 km) and Málaga (12 km) [18].
  6. ^ In 2014, Network Rail, which owns the railway infrastructure in Great Britain, was reclassified as a "public sector body" and its financial liabilities are now formally included as part of the national debt.[19] Much debate continues if this constitutes as the "nationalisation" of Network Rail.[citation needed] Private firms continue to operate the majority of train services under government franchises or concessions.
  7. ^ The figure is mentioned as the total network length in 1990[23], but the total network length may have grown after 1990.
  8. ^ Mainly privately operated, but thoroughly subsidised (~25%) by taxes and by federal, cantonal and municipal subsidies[citation needed].

Territories currently without a rail network[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Primary source

UIC data

Citations
  1. ^ CIA (2014). "The World Factbook". Retrieved 15 March 2015. Although the EU is not a federation in the strict sense, it is far more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur, and it has certain attributes associated with independent nations: its own flag, currency (for some members), and law-making abilities, as well as diplomatic representation and a common foreign and security policy in its dealings with external partners. Thus, inclusion of basic intelligence on the EU has been deemed appropriate as a new, separate entity in The World Factbook.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao "Country Profiles". United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. Retrieved 2019-06-06.
  3. ^ http://www.21stcenturysciencetech.com/Articles%202005/SuperiorRail.pdf
  4. ^ "The Geography of Transport Systems". New York Routledge. Archived from the original on 2018-02-17. Retrieved 2015-11-22.
  5. ^ a b c d "中国铁路的"成绩单"". 中国铁路的“成绩单”. Retrieved 2019-01-13.
  6. ^ Railways, Indian. "Statistical Summary" (PDF). indianrailways.gov.in.
  7. ^ "Russian Raiways".
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak "The World Bank". data.worldbank.org. The World Bank. 2014. Retrieved 2017-02-20.
  9. ^ "Trainline 5" (PDF). Canberra: Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics. November 2017. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-925531-80-0. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-03-29. Retrieved 2019-06-07.
  10. ^ "South Africa: Transnet Freight rail 2017" (PDF). Transnet. 18 February 2017. Retrieved 2018-06-15.
  11. ^ "Analiza geopolityczna aktualnego stanu sieci kolejowej w Polsce" (in Polish). March 25, 2015. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  12. ^ "Islamic Republic Of Iran Railways :: راه آهن جمهوري اسلامي ايران". Rai.ir. Archived from the original on 2012-08-15. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  13. ^ The figure includes passenger, commercial and industrial railroads; More information can be found at Islamic Republic of Iran Railways
  14. ^ "La rete oggi" (in Italian). Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  15. ^ "Las líneas férreas desmanteladas en Andalucía: Diagnóstico para su uso como itinerarios no monotorizados" (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  16. ^ "Declaración sobre la Red Adif 2020 (Documento Completo) V.0. Edición 4 de junio 2020" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  17. ^ "Declaración sobre la Red ADIF Alta Velocidad 2020 (Documento Completo) V.1. Edición 5 de agosto de 2020" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  18. ^ "WORLD METRO DATABASE". Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  19. ^ Budget (19 March 2014). "Budget 2014: fears of more austerity in spite of growth". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
  20. ^ "Banguiden. Kort svensk järnvägshistoria" (in Swedish). Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  21. ^ "Sveriges jarnvagsna" (in Swedish). Retrieved 2020-05-12.
  22. ^ "TCDD Annual Report 2018" (PDF). tcdd.gov.tr. 2019-08-14. Retrieved 2018-05-26.
  23. ^ "Romania's Railway Development 1950-1989: Changing Priorities for Socialist Construction" (PDF). Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  24. ^ https://www.sydos.cz/cs/rocenka-2017/rocenka/htm_cz/cz17_382000.html
  25. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-02-09. Retrieved 2016-12-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  26. ^ a b c d e f "Rail infrastructure: length of network". Eurostat. 2019-02-06. Retrieved 2019-06-10.
  27. ^ AlMalik, Bashar, “Saudi Railway Company.” International Rail Congress 2019, Zwölf-Apostolkeller,Wien, Austria, March 18, 2019.
  28. ^ Regul. "Marktmonitoing Spoor 2018" (PDF) (in Dutch). Regul. p. 6. Retrieved 2020-08-08.
  29. ^ a b c "Rail Infrastructure in Africa: Financing Policy Options" (PDF). African Development Bank Group. 2015. Retrieved 2019-06-14.
  30. ^ "Danmarks jernbaner | lex.dk". Den Store Danske (in Danish). Retrieved 2020-08-20.
  31. ^ "Latvia's plans to electrify its network". Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  32. ^ "Statistical Abstract of Transportation & Communications – Mileage of Railways in Taiwan Area". MOTC, ROC(Taiwan). Retrieved 2020-03-11.
  33. ^ https://en.globes.co.il/en/article-jerusalem-tel-aviv-fast-rail-link-finally-begins-operations-1001311940
  34. ^ Weissman, Shahar. "Annual Report, 2017" (PDF) (in Hebrew). Israel Railways. p. 24. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  35. ^ "Case Sudy: Camrail" (PDF). The World Bank. Retrieved 2019-06-14.
  36. ^ "Chinese, Ethiopian firms sign railway project deal|Africa|chinadaily.com.cn". usa.chinadaily.com.cn. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  37. ^ "Railway Services". 2018-11-03. Retrieved 2019-06-10.
  38. ^ https://www.thb.gov.hk/eng/psp/publications/transport/publications/rds2014.pdf
  39. ^ "Ministry of Transport, Singapore – Gain new perspectives on land, sea and air transport issues in Singapore". Archived from the original on 2014-04-06. Retrieved 2014-11-04.
  40. ^ Mahdi Miad. "Ethiopia-Djibouti Railway Line to Start Early 2016 | DP World – Doraleh Website". dpworld-doraleh.com. Archived from the original on 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  41. ^ Inquirer, Philippine Daily. "Sad saga of PNR". opinion.inquirer.net. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
  42. ^ "Afghanistan opens first ever train route". Telegraph.co.uk. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 2014-11-04.
  43. ^ Poonam Neupane (2017-12-28). "Railways in Nepal with History, Research, Present Condition & Future Plan". imnepal.com. Retrieved 2019-04-30.