List of countries by rail transport network size

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This list of countries by rail transport network size based on International Union of Railways data ranks countries by length of rail lines worked at end of year updated with other reliable sources. These figures also include urban/suburban mass-transport systems; as well as lines which are not used for passenger services.

List[edit]

Rank Country Railway length
(km)
Date of
information
Notes Electrified length
(km)
Historic peak length
(km)
Area (km2) per km track Population per km track Nationalised or Private
1  United States 224,792 2014 [1] <1,600[2] 43.71 1,373 Private
2  China 112,000 2014 [3][a] (55,811)
not verified
85.69 12,119 Nationalised
3  Russia 86,000 2013 [4] "Commercial operational length" (50,000)
not verified
198.82 1,669 Nationalised
4  India 65,808 2014 [5][6] 21,614[7] 49.96 18,390 Nationalised
5  Canada 46,552 2008 [1] 129 214.48 716 Private
6  Australia 38,445 2008 [1] 2,715 199.94 572 Nationalised
7  Germany 37,877 2010 [8] 20,589 58,297 9.43 2,158 Nationalised
8  Argentina 36,966 2008 [1] 136 47,000 77.45 1117 Nationalised
9  South Africa 31,000 2014 ([9]) not verified 24,800 39.39 1,742 Nationalised
10  France 29,640 2008 [1] 15,140 21.53 2201 Nationalised
11  Brazil 29,303 (2012) 1,520 285.57 6397 Private
12  Japan 27,182 2009 [1] 16,702[10] 16.10 5451 Both
13  Italy 24,179 (2007) 16,683[11] 12.46 2507 Nationalised
14  Ukraine 22,300 (2010) 9,752 27.07 2048 Nationalised
15  Romania 22,298 (2008) 3,971 10.69 854 Nationalised
16  Poland 19,627 (2008) 17,358 about 24000 before 1989[12] 15.93 1946 Nationalised
17  United Kingdom 17,732 (2008) 5,328[11] 34,000 15.00 3825 Both (Franchised)[b]
18  Mexico 17,166 2008 [1] 22 114.43 6,697 Private
19  Spain 15,947 (2012) [13] 9,623 33.55 3062 Nationalised
20  Kazakhstan 15,372 (2010) [1] 4,000 180.71 1,171 Nationalised
21  Sweden 12,821 (2010) 7,918 35.12 732
22  Turkey 12,000 (2011) [14] 3,159[14] 71.29 6708 Nationalised
23  Iran 12,998 (2014) [15][16] 146 (additional 2,200 km in construction since February, 2012) 148.41 6816
24  Czech Republic 9,487 (2008) 2,592[17] 8.31 1111 Nationalised
25  Indonesia 8,529 (2008) [1] 550 223.31 27853 Nationalised
26  Hungary 7,942 (2008) 11.71 1257 Nationalised
27  Pakistan 7,791 (2008) 286 (currently inactive) 102.18 22759 Nationalised
28  Egypt 6,700 (2010) 149.47 12075
29  Finland 5,919 (2008) [1] 3,067 57.13 911
30  Chile 5,898 (2006) 128.2 2931
31  Austria 5,927 (2008) [1] 3,863 14.57 1460
32  Belarus 5,537 2008 [1] 874 37.81 1731
33  Sudan 5,478 (2006) 339.81 5640
34  South Korea 5,242 (2009) [1] 2,522 19.08 9348 Nationalised
35  North Korea 5,235 (2006) [1] ~3,500 23.03 4595
36   Switzerland 5,232 2012 [18] 5,232 ca. 5,232 7.89 1,532 Mainly privately operated but thoroughly subsidied (~25%) by taxes and by federal, cantonal, and municipal subsidies.
37  Cuba 5,076 (2007) 21.84 2215
38  Turkmenistan 4,980 (2014) 153.44 1585
39  Algeria 4,316 (2012) [1] 283 551.83 8595
40  Uzbekistan 4,280 (2011) 105.77 6488
41  Bulgaria 4,159 (2008) [1] 2,831 26.66 1771
42  New Zealand 4,128 (2006) [1] 64.64 1070
43  Norway 4,114 (2008) 2622 78.71 1209 Nationalised
44  Thailand 4,071 (2012) [1] 29 126.04 16084
45  Democratic Republic of the Congo 4,007 (2008) 585.19 16463
46  Myanmar (Burma) 3,955 (2006) [1] 171.07 12127
47  Serbia 3,809 (2008) 20.34 1918 Nationalised
48  Slovakia 3,658 (2010) 1577 13.4 1486
49  Nigeria 3,528 (2006) 261.84 44904
50  Ireland 3,237 (2008) 53 5600 21.71 1424 Nationalised
51  Belgium 3,233 (2008) [1] 2,950 8.69 3108 Nationalised
52  Vietnam 3,147 (2007) 105.25 27765
53  Mozambique 3,116 (2008) 256.54 6604
54  Zimbabwe 3,000 (2010) 313 130.25 4190 Nationalised
55  Uruguay 2,993 (2006) 58.88 1121
56  Croatia 2,974 (2009) 1228 19.03 1443
57  Azerbaijan 2,918 (2009) [1] 1,278 29.68 3207
58  Netherlands 2,896 (2008) 14.34 5767 Nationalised
59  Bolivia 2,866 (2007) 383.32 3638
60  Bangladesh 2,835 (2008) 50.79 53392
61  Portugal 2,794 (2013) 1,629[19] 33.0 3594 Nationalised
62  Kenya 2,778 (2010) 208.92 13899
63  Angola 2,761 (2006) [1] 2,764 451.54 6911
64  Tanzania 2,722 (2006) 348.02 15866
65  Denmark 2,667 (2008) 640 16.16 2086
66  Greece 2,552 (2012) 51.73 4229
67  Namibia 2,382 (2006) [1] 346.05 877
68  Latvia 2,269 (2007) 28.47 978
69  Tunisia 2,218 (2007) 73.76 4756
70  Syria 2,139 (2008) 86.57 11078
71  Iraq 2,032 (2006) 215.71 15587
72  Peru 2,020 (2008) 636.25 14585
73  Morocco 1,989 (2008) 224.51 16227
74  Malaysia 1,849 (2010) [1] 207 178.40 15324
75  Mongolia 1,810 (2008) 864.15 1560
76  Lithuania 1,766 (2007) 36.98 1824
77  Taiwan 1,703 (2012) [20] 1,300 5,000 21.25 13638
78  Colombia 1,663 (2007) 648.85 27770
79  Georgia 1,513 (2007) 46.07 2932
80  Sri Lanka 1,508 (2010) 43.51 13696
81  Saudi Arabia 1,412 (2007) 1522.44 19219
82  Zambia 1,237 (2006) 608.42 10547
83  Israel 1,200 (2013) 0 17.31 6709 Nationalised
84  Slovenia 1,228 (2007) 16.51 1672
85  Moldova 1,156 (2008) 29.28 3083
86  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,103 (2007) [1] 392 46.42 3484
87  Cameroon 974 (2007) 488.13 19924
88  Ecuador 966 (2006) [1] 293.54 14810
89  Ghana 953 (2006) 250.30 25429
90  Senegal 906 (2004) 217.13 13724
91  Botswana 888 (2007) 655.10 2027
92  Guatemala 885 (2004) 123.04 16228
93  Madagascar 854 (2007) 687.40 24255
94  Armenia 869 (2012) [1] 818 35.20 3863
95  Guinea 837 (2006) [1] 293.74 11926
96  Estonia 816 (2008) 55.43 1642
97  Gabon 810 (2007) 330.45 1858
98  Malawi 797 (2007) 148.66 18696
99  Republic of the Congo 795 (2006) 430.19 5086
100  Djibouti 781 (2005) 29.71 1138
101  Benin 758 (2006) 148.58 11581
102  Mali 733 (2002) 1691.94 19805
103  Mauritania 728 (2008) 1415.80 4753
104  Honduras 699 (2006) [1] 160.36 11753
105  Macedonia 699 (2007) 36.79 2943
106  Ethiopia 699 (2006) [1] 1579.83 117456
107  Cambodia 650 (2003) 278.52 20609
108  Côte d'Ivoire 639 (2007) 504.64 30889
109  Burkina Faso 622 (2006) 440.84 25291
110  Tajikistan 616 (2007) 232.31 11167
111  Fiji 597 (2006) [1] 30.61 1442
112  Togo 568 (2006) [1] 99.97 10613
113  El Salvador 562 (2007) 37.44 10221
114  Dominican Republic 517 (2006) [1] 94.14 18141
115  Liberia 490 (2006) [1] 227.28 8151
116  Philippines 479 (2008) as of March 2013 only 80 km used (43 km for Tututban -Sta.Rosa and 37 km for Sipocot-Naga City) 626.30 196270
117  Albania 423 (2007) 67.96 7553
118  Kyrgyzstan 417 (2007) 479.50 12860
119  Lebanon 401 (2006) [1] 25.94 10544
120  Panama 355 (2006) [1] 212.45 9594
121  Venezuela 336 (2006) 2714.43 87458
122  Eritrea 306 (2006) [1] 384.31 17170
123  Swaziland 301 (2008) 57.69 3940
124  Costa Rica 278 (2007) [1] 183.81 16416
125  Luxembourg 274 (2007) 9.40 1826 Nationalised
126  Jamaica 65 (2003) [1] 40.41 9948
127  Uganda 1,244 (2002) 930.65 122780
128  Jordan 507 (2007) 355.94 24649
129  Montenegro 250 (2008) 55.47
130  Hong Kong (PRC) 210 [21]
131  Singapore 160.6 (2012) [22] 3.94 28682
132  Guyana 127.2 (2001 est.) [1] 1149.57 4197
133  Suriname 166 (2001) [1] 986.87 3163
134  Puerto Rico (US) 17.2 (2006) [1] 143.65 38810
135  Sierra Leone 84 (2001) [1] 854.05 69857
136  Afghanistan 75 (2011) [23] 8696.40 418827
137    Nepal 59 (2006) [1] 2494.59 484491
138  Saint Kitts and Nevis 58 (2006) [1] 5.22 1040
139  Paraguay 38 (2006) [1] 11298.67 173056
140  Brunei 13 (2001 est.) [1] 443.46 30692
141  Liechtenstein 9.5 (2006) [1] 17.78 4017
142  Nauru 3.9 (2001) [1] 4.20 2000
143 Western Sahara 5 (2008) see Mauritania Railway 53200.00 106200
144  Laos 3.5 (2005) see Friendship Bridge 59200.00 1557550
145  Monaco 1.7 (2012) [1] 1.7 1.18 20588
146  Lesotho 1.6 (1995) [1] 10118.33 723667
147   Vatican City 1.27 (2001 est.) 0 0.52 969
World 1,370,782 (2006) [1]
  1. ^ "By the end of 2014, 112,000 km mileage of railways in commercial operation, among of which the central and western railway operating mileage is 70,000 km, or 62.3% of the total mileage of railways in operation"
  2. ^ In 2014, Network Rail, which owns the railway infrastructure in Great Britain, was reclassified as a "public sector body" and its financial liabilities are now formally included as part of the national debt.[24] Much debate continues if this constitutes as the "nationalisation" of Network Rail.[citation needed] Private firms continue to operate the majority of train services under government franchises or concessions.

Other Countries[edit]

Maps[edit]

Map of countries' rail network
Rail network divided by area of country

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Primary source: UIC data

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az "The World Factbook". USA: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  2. ^ http://www.21stcenturysciencetech.com/Articles%202005/SuperiorRail.pdf
  3. ^ "2014年我国铁路营业里程突破11.2万公里" [2014 China's railway operating mileage of 112,000 kilometers breakthrough] (in Chinese). 深圳市前瞻商业资讯有限公司 (Shenzhen Prospect Business Information Ltd). 1 February 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  4. ^ "18.6. LENGTH OF TRANSPORT LINES". Federal State Statistics Service (FSSS), Russian Federation. Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  5. ^ http://indianrailways.gov.in/railwayboard/uploads/directorate/stat_econ/IRSP_2013-14/pdf/Facts_Figures_Eng/17.pdf
  6. ^ "About Indian Railways". Indian Railways. 5 August 2014. Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  7. ^ http://indianrailways.gov.in/railwayboard/uploads/directorate/stat_econ/IRSP_2013-14/pdf/Facts_Figures_Eng/19.pdf
  8. ^ "Verkehrsmittelbestand: Schieneninfrastruktur, Streckenlänge nach Bundesländern" (in German). Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis). 31 December 2010. Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  9. ^ "South Africa: Railways and roads". Encyclopedia Britannica. 18 February 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  10. ^ "The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  11. ^ a b 23 Jul 2009 (2009-07-23). "Electrified rail network: the benefits". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  12. ^ "Zamkną 2 tys. km torów w Polsce" (in Polish). February 15, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Infraestructuras_baja.pdf" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  14. ^ a b http://www.tcdd.gov.tr/Upload/Files/ContentFiles/2010/istatistik/20072011yillik.pdf
  15. ^ "Islamic Republic Of Iran Railways :: راه آهن جمهوري اسلامي ايران". Rai.ir. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  16. ^ The figure includes passenger, commercial and industrial railroads; More information can be found at Islamic Republic of Iran Railways
  17. ^ Radek Rychnovský. "Czech railway map". Mapa.rychnovsky.cz. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  18. ^ "LITRA Verkehrszahlen 2014" (PDF) (publication) (in German and French). Bern, Switzerland: LITRA – Informationsdienst für den öffentlichen Verkehr. August 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-16. 
  19. ^ http://www.refer.pt/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=ekfqizNEv4Y%3d&tabid=130
  20. ^ "Statistical Abstract of Transportation & Communications - Mileage of Railways in Taiwan Area" (PDF). MOTC, ROC(Taiwan). Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  21. ^ http://www.thb.gov.hk/eng/psp/publications/transport/publications/railway_network_dec2014.pdf
  22. ^ "Ministry of Transport, Singapore – Gain new perspectives on land, sea and air transport issues in Singapore". Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  23. ^ "Afghanistan opens first ever train route". Telegraph.co.uk. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  24. ^ Budget (19 March 2014). "Budget 2014: fears of more austerity in spite of growth". Telegraph. Retrieved 20 May 2014.