List of countries by real population density based on food growing capacity

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This is a list of countries ordered by physiological density. "Arable land" is defined by the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization, the source of "Arable land (hectares per person)" as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.[1]

Ranking[edit]

Rank Country Population
(July 2017 est.)[2]
Land Area
(km²)[3]
Population Density
(pop per km² 2017)
% of land arable
(2016 est.)[4]
Arable Land
(hectares 2016)[5]
Real Population Density 2016
(Arable land [hectares per person])[1]
001  Singapore 5,612,253 682.7 7,916 0.79% 560 0.000
-  Hong Kong S.A.R. (PRC) 7,391,700 1,042 7,040 2.86% 3,000 0.000
002  Bahrain 1,492,584 665 1,936 2.06% 1,600 0.001
003  Seychelles 95,843 455 208 0.33% 150 0.002
004  Kuwait 4,136,528 17,820 232 0.45% 8,000 0.002
005  Djibouti 956,985 22,980 41 0.09% 2,000 0.002
-  Cayman Islands (UK) 61,559 262 256 0.83% 200 0.003
-  Bermuda (UK) 65,441 53.3 1,309 5.56% 300 0.005
006  United Arab Emirates 9,400,145 82,880 112 0.63% 44,500 0.005
007  Qatar 2,639,211 11,437 227 1.23% 14,300 0.005
-  Guam (US) 164,229 541.3 304 1.85% 1,000 0.006
008  Maldives 436,330 300 1,454 13.00% 3,900 0.008
-  French Polynesia (France) 283,007 3,660 77 0.68% 2,500 0.009
-  U.S. Virgin Islands (US) 107,268 346 306 2.86% 1,000 0.009
009  Andorra 76,965 468 164 1.66% 780 0.010
010  Brunei 428,697 5,270 81 0.95% 5,000 0.012
011  Oman 4,636,262 212,460 15 0.18% 56,110 0.013
012  Montenegro 622,471 13,810 46 0.67% 9,000 0.014
-  Greenland (Denmark) 56,375 2,166,086 0.03 0.002%[6] 900[6] 0.016[6]
013  Saint Lucia 178,844 606 293 4.92% 3,000 0.017
014  Kiribati 116,398 811 144 2.47% 2,000 0.018
-  Northern Mariana Islands (US) 55,144 477 120 2.17% 1,000 0.018
-  Puerto Rico (US) 3,337,177 8,870 376 6.88% 61,000 0.018
015  Federated States of Micronesia 105,544 702 151 2.86% 2,000 0.018
016  Trinidad and Tobago 1,369,125 5,128 267 4.87% 25,000 0.018
-  Aruba (Netherlands) 105,264 193 585 11.11% 2,000 0.019
017  Lebanon 6,082,357 10,452 595 12.90% 132,000 0.020
018  Malta 465,292 316 1,454 28.34% 9,070 0.020
019  The Bahamas 395,361 10,070 39 0.80% 8,000 0.021
-  New Caledonia (France) 280,460 18,575 15 0.34% 6,240 0.023
020[7]  Taiwan 22,701,079 32,260 704 16.9%[8] 589,000[9] -
021  Barbados 285,719 431 664 16.28% 7,000 0.024
022  Jordan 9,702,353 91,971 109 2.67% 237,260 0.025
023  Grenada 107,825 344 317 8.82% 3,000 0.027
-  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 35,446 430 37 1.05% 1,000 0.027
024  South Korea 51,466,201 98,190 528 14.58% 1,421,000 0.028
025  Malaysia 31,624,264 328,550 96 2.68% 882,000 0.029
026  Egypt 97,553,151 995,450 98 2.80% 2,786,770 0.030
027  San Marino 33,400 61.2 557 16.67% 1,000 0.030
028  Solomon Islands 611,343 27,540 22 0.71% 20,000 0.032
029  Japan 126,785,797 374,744 348 11.64% 4,184,000 0.033
-  British Virgin Islands (UK) 31,196 153 208 6.67% 1,000 0.034
030  Israel 8,712,400 20,330 403 13.63% 295,000 0.035
031  Marshall Islands 53,127 181.3 295 11.11% 2,000 0.035
032  Colombia 49,065,615 1,038,700 44 1.52% 1,688,600 0.035
033  Papua New Guinea 8,251,162 452,860 18 0.66% 300,000 0.036
034  Samoa 196,440 2,934 69 2.83% 8,000 0.041
035  Jamaica 2,890,299 10,831 267 11.08% 120,000 0.041
036  Antigua and Barbuda 102,012 442.6 232 9.09% 4,000 0.042
037  Sao Tome and Principe 204,327 1,001 213 9.06% 8,700 0.043
038  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 109,897 389 282 12.82% 5,000 0.046
039  Yemen 28,250,420 527,970 54 2.36% 1,248,000 0.046
040   Switzerland 8,466,017 39,770 214 10.09% 398,700 0.048
041  Bangladesh 164,669,751 133,910 1,265 59.65% 7,764,210 0.049
042  Costa Rica 4,905,769 50,660 96 4.85% 247,500 0.051
043  Guatemala 16,913,503 108,430 158 8.04% 862,000 0.052
-  American Samoa (US) 55,641 199 278 15.00% 3,000 0.054
044  Philippines 104,918,090 300,000 352 18.75% 5,590,000 0.054
045  Palau 21,729 458 47 2.17% 1,000 0.056
046  Liechtenstein 37,922 160 237 13.50% 2,160 0.057
047  Ecuador 16,624,858 276,840 67 3.93% 976,000 0.059
048  Mauritius 1,264,613 2,030 623 36.95% 75,000 0.059
049  Netherlands 17,132,854 33,481 509 30.51% 1,028,000 0.060
050  Sri Lanka 21,444,000 64,740 342 20.73% 1,300,000 0.061
-  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 49,290 1,399 35 2.15% 3,000 0.062
051  Chile 18,054,726 748,800 24 1/71% 1,269,800 0.070
052  Vanuatu 276,244 12,200 23 1.64% 20,000 0.072
053  Cyprus 1,179,551 9,240 128 9.16% 84,630 0.072
054  Vietnam 95,540,800 325,360 308 22.57% 6,998,000 0.075
055  Belgium 11,372,068 30,278 376 28.05% 849,400 0.075
056  Dominican Republic 10,766,998 48,380 223 16.56% 800,000 0.077
057    Nepal 29,304,998 143,350 204 14.75% 2,113,700 0.078
058  Somalia 14,742,523 627,337 24 1.75% 1,100,000 0.078
059  Comoros 813,912 2,170 437 34.93% 65,000 0.082
060  Dominica 73,925 754 99 8.00% 6,000 0.084
061  Tajikistan 8,921,343 142,700 64 5.26% 730,000 0.084
062  China 1,386,395,000 9,326,410 148 12.66% 118,900,000 0.086
063  Slovenia 2,066,748 20,151 103 9.13% 183,880 0.089
064  Indonesia 263,991,379 1,826,440 146 12.97% 23,500,000 0.090
065  Democratic Republic of the Congo 81,339,988 2,267,600 36 3.136% 7,100,000 0.090
066  Venezuela 31,977,065 882,050 36 3.06% 2,700,000 0.090
067  United Kingdom 66,022,273 241,590 273 24.91% 6,026,010 0.092
068  Georgia 3,717,100 69,700 65 4.95% 344,000 0.092
069  North Korea 25,490,965 120,410 212 19.52% 2,350,000 0.093
070  Ireland 4,813,608 68,890 70 6.47% 446,000 0.094
071  Cape Verde 546,388 4,033 136 12.41% 50,000 0.094
072  Portugal 10,293,718 91,951 112 10.68% 978,670 0.095
073  Saint Kitts and Nevis 55,345 261 213 19.23% 5,000 0.097
074  Rwanda 12,208,407 24,948 495 46.68% 1,151,700 0.099
075  Haiti 10,981,229 27,560 398 38.82% 1,070,000 0.099
076  Equatorial Guinea 1,267,689 28,051 45 4.28% 120,000 0.099
077  Luxembourg 599,449 2,586 231 25.46% 61,860 0.106
078  Saudi Arabia 32,938,213 1,960,582 15 1.62% 3,477,000 0.107
079  Mauritania 4,420,184 1,030,400 4 0.44% 450,000 0.108
080  Italy 60,551,416 294,020 206 22.45% 6,602,000 0.109
081  Liberia 4,731,906 96,320 49 5.19% 500,000 0.109
082  Honduras 9,265,067 111,890 83 9.12% 1,020,000 0.110
083  Republic of the Congo 5,260,750 341,500 15 1.61% 550,000 0.110
084  Peru 32,165,485 1,280,000 25 2.74% 3,508,000 0.113
085  Burundi 10,864,245 25,650 423 46.73% 1,200,000 0.114
086  Suriname 563,402 161,470 4 0.42% 65,000 0.115
087  El Salvador 6,377,853 20,720 308 35.57% 737,000 0.116
088  India 1,339,180,130 2,973,190 450 52.62% 156,463,000 0.118
089  Kenya 49,699,862 569,250 87 10.19% 5,800,000 0.118
090  Eritrea 4,669,638 121,320 44 6.83% 690,000 0.119
091  Botswana 2,291,661 585,370 4 0.46% 259,600 0.120
092  New Zealand 4,793,900 268,021 18 2.16% 570,000 0.121
093  Côte d'Ivoire 24,294,750 318,000 76 9.12% 2,900,000 0.122
094  East Timor 1,296,311 15,007 87 10.42% 155,000 0.127
095  Bhutan 807,610 47,000 21 2.62% 100,000 0.136
096  Iraq 38,274,618 432,162 88 11.52% 5,000,000 0.137
097  Uzbekistan 32,387,200 425,400 76 10.34% 4,400,000 0.138
098  Panama 4,098,587 75,990 55 7.57% 563,000 0.139
099  Madagascar 25,570,895 581,540 44 6.02% 3,500,000 0.141
100  Germany 82,695,000 349,223 237 33.67% 11,763,000 0.143
101  Ethiopia 104,957,438 1,119,683 105 15.12% 15,119,000 0.146
102  Armenia 2,930,450 28,400 103 15.68% 446,400 0.152
103  Pakistan 197,015,955 778,720 256 40.27% 31,040,000 0.152
104  Norway 5,282,223 307,860 14 2.21% 805,130 0.154
105  Austria 8,809,212 82,444 107 16.29% 1,344,490 0.154
106  Swaziland 1,367,254 17,203 79 10.17% 175,000 0.157
107  Gabon 2,025,137 257,667 8 1.26% 325,000 0.162
108  Ghana 28,833,629 230,940 127 20.66% 4,700,000 0.165
109  Guinea-Bissau 1,861,283 28,000 66 10.67% 300,000 0.168
110  Lesotho 2,233,339 30,355 74 11.59% 352,000 0.170
111  Angola 29,784,193 1,246,700 24 3.93% 4,900,000 0.170
112  Uganda 42,862,958 199,710 214 34.41% 6,900,000 0.174
113  Tonga 108,020 718 150 25.00% 18,000 0.178
114  Algeria 41,318,142 2,381,740 17 3.11% 7,404,200 0.183
115  Nigeria 190,886,311 910,768 210 37.33% 34,000,000 0.183
116  Mexico 129,163,276 1,923,040 66 11.61% 22,562,000 0.183
117  Iran 81,162,788 1,636,000 50 9.02% 14,687,000 0.185
118  Mongolia 3,075,647 1,564,116 2 0.37% 567,200 0.186
119  Fiji 905,502 18,270 50 9.03% 165,000 0.189
-  World 7,530,360,150 148,940,000 58 11.06% 1,400,000,000[10] 0.192
120  Greece 10,760,421 130,800 83 16.60% 2,140,000 0.199
121  Macedonia 2,083,160 24,856 83 16.49% 416,000 0.200
122  Mozambique 29,668,834 784,090 38 7.18% 5,650,000 0.203
123  The Gambia 2,100,568 10,000 208 43.48% 440,000 0.205
124  Azerbaijan 9,862,429 86,100 119 24.18% 1,999,000 0.205
125  Myanmar 53,370,609 657,740 82 16.70% 10,908,000 0.206
126  Croatia 4,125,700 56,414 74 15.58% 872,000 0.209
127  Belize 374,681 22,806 16 3.42% 78,000 0.212
128  Kyrgyzstan 6,201,500 191,300 32 6.72% 1,288,000 0.212
129  Senegal 15,850,567 192,000 82 16.62% 3,200,000 0.213
130  Albania 2,873,457 27,398 105 22.64% 620,300 0.216
131  Sierra Leone 7,557,212 71,620 105 21.95% 1,584,000 0.216
132  Afghanistan 35,530,081 647,500 54 11.84% 7,729,000 0.218
133  Malawi 18,622,104 94,080 198 40.31% 3,800,000 0.221
134  South Africa 56,717,156 1,219,912 47 10.30% 12,500,000 0.222
135  Laos 6,858,160 230,800 30 6.61% 1,525,000 0.223
136  Morocco 35,739,580 446,300 80 18.22% 8,130,000 0.231
137  Zambia 17,094,130 740,724 23 5.11% 3,800,000 0.232
138  Czech Republic 10,591,323 77,276 137 32.30% 2,494,000 0.236
139  Nicaragua 6,217,581 120,254 52 12.50% 1,504,000 0.239
140  Cambodia 16,005,373 176,520 91 21.53% 3,800,000 0.241
141  Thailand 69,037,513 511,770 135 32.90% 16,810,000 0.244
142  Slovakia 5,439,892 48,800 113 28.02% 1,347,000 0.248
143  Benin 11,175,692 110,620 99 23.94% 2,700,000 0.248
144  Tanzania 57,310,019 886,037 65 15.24% 13,500,000 0.254
145  Turkey 80,745,020 770,760 105 26.48% 20,381,000 0.255
146  Tunisia 11,532,127 155,360 74 18.67% 2,900,000 0.257
147  Cameroon 24,053,727 469,440 51 13.12% 6,200,000 0.259
148  Sweden 10,067,744 410,934 25 6.32% 2,574,600 0.259
149  Cuba 11,484,636 110,860 110 28.74% 2,989,400 0.264
150  Guinea 12,717,176 245,857 52 12.62% 3,100,000 0.264
151  Libya 6,374,616 1,759,540 4 0.98% 1,720,000 0.265
152  Spain 46,572,028 499,542 93 24.70% 12,337,180 0.265
153  Syria 18,269,868 184,050 99 25.390% 4,662,000 0.267
154  France 67,118,648 545,630 123 33.52% 18,355,920 0.275
-  Isle of Man (UK) 84,287 572 148 41.23% 23,500 0.282
155  Poland 37,975,841 304,465 124 35.29% 10,806,000 0.285
156  Zimbabwe 16,529,904 386,670 43 10.34% 4,000,000 0.285
157  Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,507,017 51,129 68 20.04% 1,026,000 0.303
158  Burkina Faso 19,193,382 273,800 70 21.93% 6,000,000 0.322
159  Chad 14,899,994 1,259,200 12 3.89% 4,900,000 0.336
160  Namibia 2,533,794 825,418 3 0.97% 800,000 0.339
161  Turkmenistan 5,758,075 488,100 12 4.13% 1,940,000 0.343
162  Togo 7,797,694 54,385 143 48.72% 2,650,000 0.353
163  Mali 18,541,980 1,220,000 15 5.25% 6,411,000 0.357
164  Iceland 341,284 100,250 3 0.07% 121,000 0.361
165  Serbia 7,022,268 88,360 80 29.71% 2,598,000 0.368
166  Brazil 209,288,278 8,456,510 25 9.69% 80,976,000 0.393
167  Central African Republic 4,659,080 622,984 7 2.89% 1,800,000 0.397
168  Bolivia 11,051,600 1,084,390 10 4.11% 4,453,000 0.404
169  Finland 5,511,303 304,473 18 7.39% 2,246,000 0.409
170  Denmark 5,769,603 42,394 137 56.56% 2,375,000 0.415
171  Romania 19,586,539 230,340 85 37.30% 8,582,000 0.436
172  Hungary 9,781,127 92,340 108 47.76% 4,324,200 0.441
173  United States 325,719,178 9,161,923 36 16.65% 152,262,500 0.471
174  Bulgaria 7,075,991 110,550 65 32.20% 3,496,000 0.490
175[7]  Sudan 40,533,330 1,879,358 23 - 19,823,160 -
176  Moldova 3,549,750 33,371 124 55.56% 1,827,300 0.514
177  Estonia 1,315,480 42,388 31 16.01% 696,000 0.529
178  Guyana 777,859 196,850 4 2.13% 420,000 0.544
179  Belarus 9,507,875 207,600 47 28.00% 5,683,800 0.598
180  Latvia 1,940,740 64,589 31 20.71% 1,288,000 0.657
181  Uruguay 3,456,750 173,620 20 13.77% 2,410,600 0.704
182  Paraguay 6,811,297 397,300 17 12.08% 4,800,000 0.708
183  Ukraine 44,831,159 603,700 77 56.58% 32,776,000 0.728
184  Lithuania 2,827,721 65,300 45 34.20% 2,142,600 0.747
185  Niger 21,477,348 1,266,700 17 13.26% 16,800,000 0.808
186  Russia 144,495,044 16,995,800 9 7.52% 123,121,820 0.853
187  Argentina 44,271,041 2,736,690 16 14.32% 39,200,000 0.899
188  Canada 36,708,083 9,093,507 4 4.81% 43,766,000 1.212
189  Kazakhstan 18,037,646 2,669,800 7 10.89% 29,395,000 1.652
190[7]  South Sudan 12,575,714 644,330 20 - 20,000,000[11] -
191  Australia 24,598,933 7,617,930 3 5.99% 46,048,000 1.904
-  Anguilla (UK) 13,116 102 129 - - -
-  Christmas Island (Australia) 361 135 3 - - -
-  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) 628 14 3 - - -
-  Falkland Islands (UK) 2,967 12,173 0.2 - - -
-  Gibraltar (UK) 34,571 6.5 3,457 - - -
-  Jersey (UK) 90,812 116 783 - - -
-  Macau S.A.R. (PRC) 622,567 28.2 20,547 - - -
-  Monaco 38,695 1.95 19,348 - - -
-  Montserrat (UK) 9,341 102 92 - 2,000[9] -
-  Nauru 13,649 21 682 - - -
-  Niue [12] 2,166 260 8 - 1,000[9] -
-  Norfolk Island (Australia) 1,828 34.6 3 - - -
-  Svalbard (Norway) 2,701 62,049 0.04 - - -
-  Tokelau (New Zealand) 1,405 10 141 - - -
-  Tuvalu 11,192 26 373 - - -
-   Vatican City 921 0.44 2,093 - - -

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "World Bank: Arable land (hectares per person)". Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. ^ "World Bank: Population".
  3. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2147rank.html
  4. ^ "World Bank: Arable land (% of land area)". Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  5. ^ "World Bank: Arable land (hectares)". Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  6. ^ a b c "Index Mundi: Greenland - Arable Land". Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  7. ^ a b c estimated by dividing the value in the "2016 arable land" column by 2016 population
  8. ^ "CIA World Factbook: Taiwan". Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  9. ^ a b c "FAO Stat: Land Use". Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  10. ^ estimated from other values in the World Bank database ("2016 hectares per person"×"2016 population", "2016 % arable"×"2016 sq km", or just sum the arable land of all of the individual countries)
  11. ^ estimated from values given by "Grain: Extent of Farmland Grabbing" (PDF). Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  12. ^ Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand

References[edit]

External links[edit]