List of countries by sovereign wealth funds

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A sovereign wealth fund (SWF) is a fund owned by a state (or a political subdivision of a federal state) composed of financial assets such as stocks, bonds, property or other financial instruments. Sovereign wealth funds are entities that manage the national savings for the purposes of investment. The accumulated funds may have their origin in, or may represent, foreign currency deposits, gold, special drawing rights (SDRs) and International Monetary Fund (IMF) reserve position held by central banks and monetary authorities, along with other national assets such as pension investments, oil funds, or other industrial and financial holdings. These are assets of the sovereign nations which are typically held in domestic and different reserve currencies such as the dollar, euro and yen. The names attributed to the management entities may include central banks, official investment companies, state pension funds, sovereign oil funds, among others.

Some countries may have more than one SWF. Also, while the United States does not have a federal sovereign wealth fund, several of its constituent states have their own SWFs, and one state, Texas, has two.

Rank Country Funds Assets (USD Billion) Origin
1  China[1][2][3][4][5][6] SAFE / CADF / Exchange Fund / CIC / HKMA IP / NSSF 2,244.4 Non-commodity
2  United Arab Emirates ADIA / EIA / ICD / MIC / DH / DW 1,363 Oil & Gas
3  Norway[7] GPF-G, GPF-N 1108.7 Oil & Gas
4  Saudi Arabia[8][9] PIF / SAMA 899.9 Oil & Gas
5  Singapore GIC / TH 703 Non-commodity
6  Kuwait KIA, GIC, Wafra 574 Oil & Gas
7  Qatar QIA 345 Oil & Gas
8  Australia FF / WAFF / QIC / VFMC / TCorp 297 Non-commodity
9  United States APFC / NMSIC / PWMTF / SIFTO / IEFIB / PSF / PUF

/ ATF / NDLF / LEQTF / CSF / WVFF

240 Oil & Gas / Non-commodity /
Minerals / Public Lands
10  Russia NWF / RDIF 176 Oil & Gas / Non-commodity
11  South Korea[10] KIC 157.3 Non-commodity
12  Kazakhstan SK / KNF / NIC 133 Oil & Gas
13  Iran[11] NDFI 91 Oil & Gas
14  Libya[12] LIA 66 Oil & Gas
15  Brunei[13] BIA 60 Oil & Gas
16  Azerbaijan[14] SOFAZ 42.4 Oil & Gas
17  Malaysia KN / KWAN 37 Non-commodity
18  Turkey Turkey Wealth Fund 34 Non-commodity
19  France Bpifrance 33 Non-commodity
20  New Zealand NZSF 27 Non-commodity
21  Chile ESSF / PRF 21 Copper
22  Bahrain[15] BMHC 18.6 Oil & Gas
23  East Timor TLPF 18 Oil & Gas
24  Oman[16] OIA 14.3 Oil & Gas
25  Ireland ISIF 12 Non-commodity
26  Colombia FAEP / FLAR 12 Oil & Gas
27  Mexico FMP 7 Oil & Gas
28  Trinidad and Tobago HSF 6 Oil & Gas
30  Peru FEF 5 Non-commodity
31  Angola FSDEA 5 Oil & Gas
32  Botswana[17] PF 4.9 Diamonds
33  India NIIF 4 Non-commodity
34  Mongolia FHF / FSF 4 Minerals
35  Nigeria NSIA / BDIC 2 Oil & Gas
36  Ghana GPF / GIIF 2 Oil & Gas
37  Panama FAP 1.4 Non-commodity
38  Vietnam SCIC 1.2 Non-commodity
39  Palestine PIF 1.0 Non-commodity
40  Gabon FGIS 1.0 Oil & Gas
41  Bolivia FINPRO 0.4 Non-commodity
42  Kiribati RERF 0.4 Phosphates
43  Senegal FONSIS 0.1 Non-commodity
44  Mauritania NFHR 0.1 Oil & Gas
45  Equatorial Guinea FRGF 0.1 Oil & Gas

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hong Kong Monetary Authority Investment Portfolio (HKMA IP) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Hong Kong - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  2. ^ "Hong Kong Future Fund (Hong Kong Future Fund) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Hong Kong - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  3. ^ "China Investment Corporation (CIC) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, China - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  4. ^ "China-Africa Development Fund (CAD Fund) - Government Fund, China - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  5. ^ "National Council for Social Security Fund (NSSF) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, China - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  6. ^ "SAFE Investment Company (SAFE) - Government, China - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  7. ^ "Norway Government Pension Fund Global (Norway GPFG) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Norway - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  8. ^ "Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority (SAMA) - Central Bank, Saudi Arabia - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  9. ^ "Public Investment Fund (PIF) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Saudi Arabia - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  10. ^ "Korea Investment Corporation (KIC) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, South Korea - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  11. ^ "National Development Fund of Iran (NDFI) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Iran - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  12. ^ "Libyan Investment Authority (LIA) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Libya - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  13. ^ "Brunei Investment Agency (BIA) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Brunei - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  14. ^ "State Oil Fund of Azerbaijan (SOFAZ) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Azerbaijan - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  15. ^ "Mumtalakat Holding (Mumtalakat) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Bahrain - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  16. ^ Castelier, Sebastian (2020-05-01). "Oman's sovereign wealth fund under pressure". Al-Monitor. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  17. ^ "Pula Fund (Pula Fund) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Botswana - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  1. Global SWF - Organization dedicated to analyzing Sovereign Wealth Funds and Public Pension Funds