List of countries by spoken languages

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This list shows countries organised by the languages which are spoken there.

Contents

Indo-European languages[edit]

Albanian[edit]

Armenian[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

  •  US (minority)

South America[edit]

Baltic[edit]

Latgalian[edit]

Latvian[edit]

Lithuanian[edit]

Celtic[edit]

Map of the Celtic nations

Breton[edit]

Cornish[edit]

Irish[edit]

Manx[edit]

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Welsh[edit]

Germanic[edit]

Afrikaans[edit]

Alsatian[edit]

Danish[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

South America[edit]

English[edit]

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

South America[edit]

Dependent entities[edit]

Faroese[edit]

Frisian[edit]

German[edit]

Map of the German-speaking world

Europe[edit]

Africa[edit]

  •  Namibia (co-official as auxiliary language)

Asia[edit]

North America[edit]

South America[edit]

Icelandic[edit]

Low German[edit]

  •  Germany (recognized as regional language)
  •  Netherlands (recognized as regional language)

Norwegian[edit]

Scots[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Greek[edit]

Iranian[edit]

Balochi[edit]

Persian[edit]

Tajik[edit]

Kurdish[edit]

Mazandarani[edit]

Pashto[edit]

Indo-Aryan[edit]

Angika[edit]

  •  Cambodia (minority language)
  •  India (majority in Anga, significant minority in the rest of the country)
  •  Laos (minority language)
  •  Malaysia (minority language)
  •    Nepal (minority language)
  •  Vietnam (minority language)

Assamese[edit]

Awadhi[edit]

Bengali[edit]

Map of the Bengali-speaking world

Asia[edit]

Africa[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Bhili[edit]

Bhojpuri[edit]

Bishnupriya Manipuri[edit]

Chakma[edit]

Chhattisgarhi[edit]

Chittagonian[edit]

Dhivehi[edit]

Dogri[edit]

Domari[edit]

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

Gujarati[edit]

Hajong[edit]

Halbi[edit]

Kalash[edit]

Kashmiri[edit]

Khandeshi[edit]

Khowar[edit]

Kannada[edit]

Kumaoni[edit]

  •  India (majority in Uttarakhand) (minority in Assam)

Lomavren[edit]

Magadhi[edit]

Maithili[edit]

Mal Paharia[edit]

Marathi[edit]

Marwari[edit]

Nepali[edit]

Oriya[edit]

Punjabi[edit]

Rajasthani[edit]

Rajbanshi[edit]

Rohingya[edit]

Tamil India, Sri Lanka Philippines Malaysia Singapore Réunion, Mauritius, Indonesia Burma South Africa Thailand Guyana, Fiji, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

Romani[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Sindhi[edit]

Sinhalese[edit]

Sylheti[edit]

Tanchangya[edit]

Urdu[edit]

Italic[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Corsican[edit]

French[edit]

Map of the French-speaking world

Europe[edit]

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

North America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

South America[edit]

Galician[edit]

Italian[edit]

Map of the Italian-speaking world

Europe[edit]

Africa[edit]

Americas[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Jèrriais[edit]

Latin[edit]

Mirandese[edit]

Portuguese[edit]

Map of the Lusophone world

Europe[edit]

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

North America[edit]

South America[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Romansh[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Map of the Hispanophone world

The following is a list of the 22 countries where Spanish is an official language:

Europe[edit]

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

  •  Japan (minority)
  •  Philippines (former official language, spoken by a minority)

North America[edit]

South America[edit]

Slavic[edit]

Belarusian[edit]

Bosnian[edit]

Bulgarian[edit]

Croatian[edit]

Czech[edit]

Kashubian[edit]

Macedonian[edit]

Polish[edit]

Europe[edit]

Other countries[edit]

Russian[edit]

Map of the Russian-speaking world

Rusyn[edit]

Serbian[edit]

Slovak[edit]

Slovene[edit]

Sorbian, Lower[edit]

Sorbian, Upper[edit]

Ukrainian[edit]

Mongolic languages[edit]

Mongolian[edit]

Turkic languages[edit]

Azerbaijani[edit]

Uyghur[edit]

Uzbek[edit]

Kazakh[edit]

Kyrgyz[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Turkmen[edit]

Gagauz[edit]

Tatar[edit]

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Afro-Asiatic languages[edit]

Semitic languages[edit]

Arabic[edit]

Distribution of Arabic as sole official language (green) and one of several official languages (blue)

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

Oceania[edit]

North America[edit]

South America[edit]

Hebrew[edit]

Maltese[edit]

  •  Malta (official language)

Dravidian languages[edit]

Badaga[edit]

Brahui[edit]

Chenchu[edit]

Duruwa[edit]

Gondi[edit]

Kolami[edit]

Koraga[edit]

Kota[edit]

  •  India (minority, endangered Dravidian language)

Koya[edit]

Kui[edit]

Kumarbhag Paharia[edit]

Kurukh[edit]

Maria[edit]

Nagarchal[edit]

  •  India (minority, endangered Dravidian language)

Pardhan[edit]

Sauria Paharia[edit]

Toda[edit]

  •  India (minority, endangered Dravidian language)

Telugu[edit]

Kannada[edit]

Tamil[edit]

Malayalam[edit]

  •  India (official at state of kerala)
  •  Bahrain (minority)

Tulu[edit]

Kodava[edit]

Ollari[edit]

Japonic languages[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Ryukyuan[edit]

Language isolate[edit]

Basque[edit]

Korean[edit]

Nihali[edit]

  •  India (minority, endangered language)

South Caucasian languages[edit]

Georgian[edit]

Mingrelian language[edit]

Svan language[edit]

Laz language[edit]

Sino-Tibetan languages[edit]

Chinese or Sinitic languages[edit]

Map of the Sinophone world
Information:
  Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language
  Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition
  Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition
  Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition
  Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition
  Major Chinese speaking settlements
The varieties of spoken Chinese in Eastern China and Taiwan.

Yue Chinese[edit]

Cantonese[edit]

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

South America[edit]

Gaoyang[edit]
Taishanese[edit]

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

South America[edit]

Hakka[edit]

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

South America[edit]

Hui[edit]

Jin[edit]

Mandarin[edit]

Jilu Mandarin[edit]

Jiaoliao Mandarin[edit]

Northeastern Mandarin[edit]

Southwestern Mandarin[edit]

Standard Chinese[edit]

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

South America[edit]

Zhongyuan Mandarin[edit]

Min[edit]

Leizhou Min[edit]

Min Bei[edit]

Min Dong[edit]

Min Nan[edit]

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

South America[edit]

Min Zhong[edit]
Puxian Min[edit]
Hainanese[edit]

Pinghua[edit]

Wu[edit]

Xiang[edit]

Malayo-Polynesian languages[edit]

Bornean[edit]

Brunei Malay[edit]

Coastal Kadazan[edit]

Iban[edit]

Malagasy[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Aklanon[edit]

Bikol[edit]

Bolinao[edit]

Cebuano[edit]

Cuyonon[edit]

Filipino[edit]

Hiligaynon[edit]

Ibanag[edit]

Ifugao[edit]

Ilokano[edit]

Ivatan[edit]

Kalinga[edit]

Kamayo[edit]

Kankana-ey[edit]

Kapampangan[edit]

Kinaray-a[edit]

Maguindanao[edit]

Maranao[edit]

Masbatenyo[edit]

Pangasinan[edit]

Romblomanon[edit]

Surigaonon[edit]

Tagalog[edit]

Tao[edit]

Tausug[edit]

Waray-Waray[edit]

Zambal[edit]

Oceanic[edit]

East Fijian[edit]

Fijian[edit]

Micronesian[edit]

Carolinian[edit]

Chuukese[edit]

Gilbertese[edit]

Kosraean[edit]

Marshallese[edit]

Nauruan[edit]

Pohnpeian[edit]

Sosorolese[edit]

Tobian[edit]

Ulithian[edit]

Yapese[edit]

Polynesian[edit]

Cook Islands Māori[edit]

Futunan[edit]

Hawaiian[edit]

Māori[edit]

Niuean[edit]

Rapa Nui[edit]

Samoan[edit]

Tahitan[edit]

Tokelauan[edit]

Tongan[edit]

American Tongan

Tuvaluan[edit]

Wallisian[edit]

Sunda–Sulawesi[edit]

Acehnese[edit]

Balinese[edit]

Banjarese[edit]

Batak Toba[edit]

Buginese[edit]

Chamorro[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Map of locations speakers of Indonesian

Javanese[edit]

Lampung[edit]

Madurese[edit]

Makassarese[edit]

Malay[edit]

Minangkabau[edit]

Palauan[edit]

Rejang[edit]

Sasak[edit]

Tetum[edit]

Uralic languages[edit]

Estonian[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Hungarian[edit]

Sami[edit]

Na-Dene[edit]

Apachean[edit]

Navajo[edit]

Apache[edit]

Chiricahua[edit]

Jicarilla[edit]

Lipan Apache[edit]

Plains Apache[edit]

Mescalero[edit]

Western Apache[edit]

Iroquoian[edit]

Cherokee[edit]

Austroasiatic[edit]

Khasi[edit]

Khmer[edit]

Mon[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Tai–Kadai[edit]

Lao[edit]

Thai[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Welsh Government | Census of population". Wales.gov.uk. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  2. ^ "1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines". Official website of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 2008-02-20. [dead link] (Article XIV, Section 7)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j [1] Johnson, Fern L. "Speaking culturally: language diversity in the United States," Table 1.5: "Speakers age 5 years and older of top 25 languages other than English." Sage Publications, Inc., 1999. Page 12. ISBN 978-0-8039-5912-5. Retrieved August 5, 2011
  4. ^ Syed Yasir Kazmi (October 16, 2009). "Pakistani Bengalis". DEMOTIX. Retrieved April 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ "کراچی کے 'بنگالی پاکستانی'(Urdu)". محمد عثمان جامعی. 17 November 2003. Retrieved April 2, 2013. 
  6. ^ "The Language Movement : An Outline". Retrieved April 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Karachi Department of Bengali". Retrieved April 2, 2013. 
  8. ^ Croats of Romania
  9. ^ http://www.usefoundation.org/view/981
  10. ^ census.gov 2007 American Community Survey. Accessed 2010-07-13.
  11. ^ Citizens belonging to minorities, which traditionally and on long-term basis live within the territory of the Czech Republic, enjoy the right to use their language in communication with authorities and in front of the courts of law (for the list of recognized minorities see National Minorities Policy of the Government of the Czech Republic). The article 25 of the Czech Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms ensures right of the national and ethnic minorities for education and communication with authorities in their own language. Act No. 500/2004 Coll. (The Administrative Rule) in its paragraph 16 (4) (Procedural Language) ensures, that a citizen of the Czech Republic, who belongs to a national or an ethnic minority, which traditionally and on long-term basis lives within the territory of the Czech Republic, have right to address an administrative agency and proceed before it in the language of the minority. In case that the administrative agency doesn't have an employee with knowledge of the language, the agency is bound to obtain a translator at the agency's own expense. According to Act No. 273/2001 (About The Rights of Members of Minorities) paragraph 9 (The right to use language of a national minority in dealing with authorities and in front of the courts of law) the same applies for the members of national minorities also in front of the courts of law.

External links[edit]