List of countries by steel production

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This article summarizes the world steel production by country.

In 2019, total world crude steel production was 1869.9 million tonnes (Mt). The biggest steel producing country is currently China, which accounted for 53.3% of world steel production in 2019.[1] In 2008, 2009, 2015 and 2016 output fell in the majority of steel-producing countries as a result of the global recession. In 2010 and 2017, it started to rise again. Crude steel production contracted in all regions in 2019 except in Asia and the Middle East.

List of countries by steel production[edit]

This is a list of countries by steel production in 1967, 1980, 1990, 2000 and from 2007 to 2019, based on data provided by the World Steel Association.[2][3][4][5][6][7] All countries with annual production of crude steel at least 2 million metric tons are listed.

Crude steel production (million metric tons):
Rank (2019) Country/Region 2019[8][9] 2018[10][11] 2017[1][12] 2016[1][13] 2015[14] 2014[15] 2013[16] 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2000 1990 1980 1967
 World 1869.9 1808.4 1674.8 1606.3 1620.4 1670.1 1649.3 1552.9 1490.1 1413.6 1219.7 1326.5 1351.3 850.1 770.4 716.4 497.2
1 China People's Republic of China 996.3 920.0 831.7 786.9 803.8 822.7 779.0 724.7 683.3 626.7 573.6 500.3 494.9 128.5 66.4 37.1 14.0
2 India India 111.2 109.3 101.5 95.5 89.6 87.3 81.2 77.3 72.2 68.3 62.8 57.8 53.5 26.9 15.0 9.5 6.3
3 Japan Japan 99.3 104.3 104.7 104.8 105.2 110.7 110.6 107.2 107.6 109.6 87.5 118.7 120.2 106.4 110.3 111.4 62.0
4 United States United States 87.9 86.6 81.6 78.5 78.9 88.2 87.0 88.6 86.2 80.6 58.2 91.4 98.1 101.8 89.7 101.4 115.0
5 Russia Russia 71.6 72.0 71.3 70.5 71.1 71.5 69.4 70.6 68.7 66.9 60.0 68.5 72.4 59.1 n/a[17] n/a[17] n/a[17]
6 South Korea South Korea 71.4 72.5 71.1 68.6 69.7 71.5 66.0 69.3 68.5 58.5 48.6 53.6 51.5 43.1 23.1 8.5 0.3
7 Germany Germany 39.7 42.4 43.6 42.1 42.7 42.9 42.6 42.7 44.3 43.8 32.7 45.8 48.6 46.4 44.0 51.1 41.3
8 Turkey Turkey 33.7 37.3 37.5 33.2 31.5 34.0 34.7 35.9 34.1 29.0 25.3 26.8 25.8 14.3 9.4 2.5 1.0
9 Brazil Brazil 32.2 35.4 34.4 30.2 33.3 33.9 34.2 34.7 35.2 32.8 26.5 33.7 33.8 27.9 20.6 15.3 3.6
10 Iran Iran 31.9 24.5 21.8 17.9 16.1 16.3 15.4 14.5 13.0 12.0 10.9 10.0 10.1 6.6 1.4 0.5
11 Italy Italy 23.2 24.5 24.0 23.3 22.0 23.7 24.1 27.2 28.7 25.8 19.7 30.6 31.6 26.8 25.5 26.5 15.9
12  Taiwan 22.1 23.2 23.2 21.8 21.4 23.1 22.3 20.7 20.2 19.8 15.8 19.9 20.9
13 Ukraine Ukraine 20.8 21.1 22.7 24.2 22.9 27.2 32.8 32.9 35.3 33.6 29.9 37.3 42.8 31.8 54.6[17] 52.3[17] n/a[17]
14 Vietnam Vietnam 20.1 15.5 10.3 7.8 5.7 5.9 5.6 5.3 4.9 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
15 Mexico Mexico 18.6 20.2 20.0 19.0 18.3 19.0 18.2 18.1 18.1 17.0 14.2 17.2 17.6 15.6 8.7 7.1 3.0
16 France France 14.5 15.4 15.5 14.6 15.0 16.1 15.7 15.6 15.8 15.4 12.8 17.9 19.3 21.0 19.0 23.1 19.6
17 Spain Spain 13.6 14.3 14.5 13.6 14.9 14.3 13.7 13.6 15.6 16.3 14.3 18.6 19.0 15.8 12.9 12.8 4.5
18 Canada Canada 12.8 13.4 13.7 12.7 12.5 12.7 12.4 13.5 13.1 13.0 9.0 14.8 15.6 16.6 12.3 15.9 8.8
19 Poland Poland 9.1 10.2 10.3 8.9 9.1 8.6 8.0 8.4 8.8 8.0 7.2 9.7 10.6 10.5 13.6 19.5 10.4
20 Belgium Belgium 7.9 8.0 7.7 7.7 7.2 7.3 7.1 7.4 8.1 8.1 5.6 10.7 10.7 11.6 11.5 12.3 9.7
21 Austria Austria 7.4 6.9 8.1 7.4 7.7 7.9 7.9 7.4 7.5 7.2 5.7 7.6 7.6 5.7 4.3 4.6 3.0
22 Egypt Egypt 7.3 7.8 6.8 5.0 5.5 6.5 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.7 5.5 6.2 6.2 2.8 2.2 1.0 0.4
23 United Kingdom United Kingdom 7.2 7.3 7.5 7.6 10.8 12.1 11.9 9.6 9.5 9.7 10.1 13.5 14.3 15.2 17.8 11.3 24.3
24 Netherlands Netherlands 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0 6.7 6.9 6.9 6.7 5.2 6.8 7.4 5.7 5.4 5.3 3.4
25 Indonesia Indonesia 6.0 6.2 5.2 4.8 4.9 4.4 2.6 2.3 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.9 4.1 2.9 2.8 0.5
26 South Africa South Africa 6.3 5.7 6.3 6.1 7.6 6.6 7.2 7.1 6.7 8.5 7.5 8.3 9.1 8.5 8.7 9.1 3.7
27 Australia Australia 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.3 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.9 6.4 7.3 5.2 7.6 7.9 7.1 6.6 7.6 6.3
28 Slovakia Slovakia 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6 3.7 4.5 5.1 3.7 5.1[18] n/a[18] n/a[18]
29 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 5.1 5.2 4.8[19] 5.5 5.7 6.3 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.6 3.0 1.8 0.1
30 Sweden Sweden 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.62 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.9 4.8 2.8 5.2 5.7 5.2 4.5 4.2 4.7
31 Argentina Argentina 4.6 5.2 4.6 4.1 5.0 5.5 5.2 5.0 5.7 5.1 4.0 5.5 5.4 4.5 3.6 2.7 1.3
32 Czech Republic Czech Republic 4.6 4.9 4.6 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.6 5.2 4.6 6.4 7.1 6.2 9.7[18] n/a[18] n/a[18]
33 Thailand Thailand 4.2 6.4 4.5 3.8 3.7 4.1 3.6 3.3 4.2 3.7 3.6 5.2 5.6 2.1 0.7 0.5
34 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.2 3.6 3.7 3.3 3.9 4.7 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.8 4.7 7.4[17] n/a[17] n/a[17]
35 Malaysia Malaysia 4.0 4.1 2.8 2.8 3.8 4.3 4.7 5.6 5.9 4.1 4.0 6.4 6.9 3.7 1.1 0.2 0.1
36 Romania Romania 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.8 3.9 2.7 5.0 6.3 4.7 9.7 13.2 4.1
37 Finland Finland 3.5 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.0 3.1 4.4 4.4 4.1 2.9 2.5 0.4
38 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.4 2.9 2.4 2.0 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 n/a
39 Pakistan Pakistan 3.3 4.7 5.0 3.6 2.9 2.4 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.2 2.0 1.1 1.0 0.8
40 Belarus Belarus 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.4 1.5 1.5[17]
Soviet Union Soviet Union - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 96.9[20]
 Others[21] n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 28.4 29.5 29.9 26.5 (est.) 23.3 (est.) 28.6 (est.) 30.7 (est.) n/a n/a n/a n/a

Exports[edit]

net: exports - imports

Top steel exporters in 2017[22]
Rank Country Mt
1 China 74.8
2 Japan 37.5
3 South Korea 31.4
4 Russia 31.1
- European Union[23] 31.1
5 Germany 26.4
6 Italy 18.2
7 Belgium 18.1
8 Turkey 16.6
9 India 16.3
10 Brazil 15.3
11 Ukraine 15.2
12 France 14.8
13 Taiwan 12.1
14 Netherlands 10.9
15 United States 10.2
Top steel net exporters in 2017[22]
Rank Country Mt
1 China 60.9
2 Japan 31.2
3 Russia 24.9
4 Ukraine 13.8
5 Brazil 13.0
6 South Korea 12.0
7 India 7.5
8 Taiwan 4.7
9 Iran 4.4
10 Belgium 4.0
11 Austria 3.3
12 Slovakia 2.2
13 Netherlands 2.1

Imports[edit]

Net: imports − exports

Top steel importers in 2017[22]
Rank Country Mt
- European Union[23] 41.2
1 United States 35.4
2 Germany 27.1
3 Italy 20.1
4 South Korea 19.3
5 Vietnam 16.2
6 Turkey 15.8
7 France 15.1
8 Thailand 14.5
9 Belgium 14.1
10 China 13.9
11 Mexico 13.5
12 Indonesia 11.0
13 Poland 10.7
14 Spain 9.9
15 India 8.9
Top steel net importers in 2017[22]
Rank Country Mt
1 United States 25.2
2 Thailand 12.6
3 Vietnam 12.3
- European Union[23] 10.1
4 Indonesia 8.7
5 Mexico 8.6
6 Philippines 7.3
7 Malaysia 6.0
8 Algeria 4.6
9 Poland 4.5
10 Pakistan 3.8
11 United Arab Emirates 3.8
12 Saudi Arabia 3.5
13 United Kingdom 3.1
14 Israel 2.8

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Global crude steel output increases by 3.4% in 2019". Retrieved 2020-07-05.
  2. ^ World Steel Association Archived 2010-11-29 at the Wayback Machine World Crude Steel Production 2009
  3. ^ World Crude Steel Production 2010 Archived 2011-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ World Crude Steel Production 2011[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved 2014-07-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) World Crude Steel Production 2012
  6. ^ "World Steel Production 1980-2013" (PDF). World Steel Association. Nov 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 April 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  7. ^ "Handbook of World Steel Statistics" (PDF). 1978. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  8. ^ "Global crude steel output increases by 3.4% in 2019".
  9. ^ "World Crude Steel Production" (PDF). WorldSteel. 2020-01-27. Retrieved 2020-07-05.
  10. ^ "Global crude steel output increases by 4.6% in 2018".
  11. ^ "World Crude Steel Production" (PDF). WorldSteel. 2019-01-25. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  12. ^ "Monthly crude steel production - 2017" (PDF). World Steel Assoctiation. 2018-01-24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-02-05. Retrieved 2018-02-04.
  13. ^ "Monthly crude steel production" (PDF). World Steel Association. 24 Apr 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  14. ^ "Steel Statistical Yearbook 2016" (PDF). World Steel Association. 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  15. ^ "Steel Statistical Yearbook 2015" (PDF). World Steel Association. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 November 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  16. ^ "World Steel Statistics data 2013" (PDF). World Steel Association. 23 January 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 February 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Was part of Soviet Union USSR until 1992
  18. ^ a b c d e f Was part of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia until 1993
  19. ^ partial data
  20. ^ Hermann, Haack (1 January 1967). "Zahlen und Tatsachen zur Entwicklung der Sowjetunion, 50 Jahre Sowjetmacht". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  21. ^ composition of other countries vary year to year, thus is not comparable
  22. ^ a b c d "Figures" (PDF). www.worldsteel.org. 2018.
  23. ^ a b c excluding intra-regional trade

External links[edit]