List of countries by steel production

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This article summarizes the world steel production by country.

In 2020, total world crude steel production was 1877.5 million tonnes (Mt). The biggest steel producing country is currently China, which accounted for 57% of world steel production in 2020.[1] In 2020, China became the first country to produce over one billion tons of steel.[2] In 2008, 2009, 2015 and 2016 output fell in the majority of steel-producing countries as a result of the global recession. In 2010 and 2017, it started to rise again. Crude steel production contracted in all regions in 2019 except in Asia and the Middle East.

List of countries by steel production[edit]

This is a list of countries by steel production in 1967, 1980, 1990, 2000 and from 2007 to 2020, based on data provided by the World Steel Association.[3][4][5][6][7][8] All countries with annual production of crude steel at least 2 million metric tons.

Crude steel production (million metric tons):
Rank (2019) Country/Region 2020[1] 2019[9][10] 2018[11][12] 2017[1][13] 2016[1][14] 2015[15] 2014[16] 2013[17] 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2000 1990 1980 1967
 World 1,877.5 1,874.4 1,808.4 1,674.8 1,606.3 1,620.4 1,670.1 1,649.3 1,552.9 1,490.1 1,413.6 1,219.7 1,326.5 1,351.3 850.1 770.4 716.4 497.2
1 China China 1,064.8 995.4 920.0 831.7 786.9 803.8 822.7 779.0 724.7 683.3 626.7 573.6 500.3 494.9 128.5 66.4 37.1 14.0
 European Union[18] 139.2 159.4 168.2 168.7 162.3 166.2 169.3 166.4 168.6 177.7 172.8 139.3 198.2 210.2 193.5 191.8 208.0 n/a
2 India India 100.3 111.4 109.3 101.5 95.5 89.6 87.3 81.2 77.3 72.2 68.3 62.8 57.8 53.5 26.9 15.0 9.5 6.3
3 Japan Japan 83.2 99.3 104.3 104.7 104.8 105.2 110.7 110.6 107.2 107.6 109.6 87.5 118.7 120.2 106.4 110.3 111.4 62.0
4 United States United States 72.7 87.8 86.6 81.6 78.5 78.9 88.2 87.0 88.6 86.2 80.6 58.2 91.4 98.1 101.8 89.7 101.4 115.0
5 Russia Russia 71.6 71.7 72.0 71.3 70.5 71.1 71.5 69.4 70.6 68.7 66.9 60.0 68.5 72.4 59.1 n/a[19] n/a[19] n/a[19]
6 South Korea South Korea 67.1 71.4 72.5 71.1 68.6 69.7 71.5 66.0 69.3 68.5 58.5 48.6 53.6 51.5 43.1 23.1 8.5 0.3
7 Turkey Turkey 35.8 33.7 37.3 37.5 33.2 31.5 34.0 34.7 35.9 34.1 29.0 25.3 26.8 25.8 14.3 9.4 2.5 1.0
7 Germany Germany 35.7 39.6 42.4 43.6 42.1 42.7 42.9 42.6 42.7 44.3 43.8 32.7 45.8 48.6 46.4 44.0 51.1 41.3
9 Brazil Brazil 31.0 32.6 35.4 34.4 30.2 33.3 33.9 34.2 34.7 35.2 32.8 26.5 33.7 33.8 27.9 20.6 15.3 3.6
10 Iran Iran 29.0 25.6 24.5 21.8 17.9 16.1 16.3 15.4 14.5 13.0 12.0 10.9 10.0 10.1 6.6 1.4 0.5
11  Taiwan 21.0 22.0 23.2 23.2 21.8 21.4 23.1 22.3 20.7 20.2 19.8 15.8 19.9 20.9
12 Ukraine Ukraine 20.6 20.8 21.1 22.7 24.2 22.9 27.2 32.8 32.9 35.3 33.6 29.9 37.3 42.8 31.8 54.6[19] 52.3[19] n/a[19]
13 Italy Italy 20.4 23.2 24.5 24.0 23.3 22.0 23.7 24.1 27.2 28.7 25.8 19.7 30.6 31.6 26.8 25.5 26.5 15.9
14 Vietnam Vietnam 19.5 17.5 15.5 10.3 7.8 5.7 5.9 5.6 5.3 4.9 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
15 Mexico Mexico 16.8 18.4 20.2 20.0 19.0 18.3 19.0 18.2 18.1 18.1 17.0 14.2 17.2 17.6 15.6 8.7 7.1 3.0
16 France France 11.6 14.4 15.4 15.5 14.6 15.0 16.1 15.7 15.6 15.8 15.4 12.8 17.9 19.3 21.0 19.0 23.1 19.6
17 Spain Spain 11.0 13.6 14.3 14.5 13.6 14.9 14.3 13.7 13.6 15.6 16.3 14.3 18.6 19.0 15.8 12.9 12.8 4.5
18 Canada Canada 11.0 12.9 13.4 13.7 12.7 12.5 12.7 12.4 13.5 13.1 13.0 9.0 14.8 15.6 16.6 12.3 15.9 8.8
19 Indonesia Indonesia 9.3 7.8 6.2 5.2 4.8 4.9 4.4 2.6 2.3 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.9 4.1 2.9 2.8 0.5
20 Egypt Egypt 8.2 7.3 7.8 6.8 5.0 5.5 6.5 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.7 5.5 6.2 6.2 2.8 2.2 1.0 0.4
21 Poland Poland 7.9 9.0 10.8 10.3 8.9 9.1 8.6 8.0 8.4 8.8 8.0 7.2 9.7 10.6 10.5 13.6 19.5 10.4
22 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 7.8 8.2 5.2 4.8[20] 5.5 5.7 6.3 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.6 3.0 1.8 0.1
23 Malaysia Malaysia 7.1 6.8 4.1 2.8 2.8 3.8 4.3 4.7 5.6 5.9 4.1 4.0 6.4 6.9 3.7 1.1 0.2 0.1
24 United Kingdom United Kingdom 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.5 7.6 10.8 12.1 11.9 9.6 9.5 9.7 10.1 13.5 14.3 15.2 17.8 11.3 24.3
25 Austria Austria 6.8 7.4 6.9 8.1 7.4 7.7 7.9 7.9 7.4 7.5 7.2 5.7 7.6 7.6 5.7 4.3 4.6 3.0
26 Belgium Belgium 6.1 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.7 7.2 7.3 7.1 7.4 8.1 8.1 5.6 10.7 10.7 11.6 11.5 12.3 9.7
27 Netherlands Netherlands 6.1 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0 6.7 6.9 6.9 6.7 5.2 6.8 7.4 5.7 5.4 5.3 3.4
28 Bangladesh Bangladesh 5.5 5.1
29 Australia Australia 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.3 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.9 6.4 7.3 5.2 7.6 7.9 7.1 6.6 7.6 6.3
30 Czech Republic Czech Republic 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.6 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.6 5.2 4.6 6.4 7.1 6.2 9.7[21] n/a[21] n/a[21]
31 Thailand Thailand 4.5 4.2 6.4 4.5 3.8 3.7 4.1 3.6 3.3 4.2 3.7 3.6 5.2 5.6 2.1 0.7 0.5
32 Sweden Sweden 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.62 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.9 4.8 2.8 5.2 5.7 5.2 4.5 4.2 4.7
33 Algeria Algeria 4.0 2.7 4.62 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.9 4.8 2.8 5.2 5.7 5.2 4.5 4.2 4.7
34 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.2 3.6 3.7 3.3 3.9 4.7 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.8 4.7 7.4[19] n/a[19] n/a[19]
35 South Africa South Africa 3.9 6.2 5.7 6.3 6.1 7.6 6.6 7.2 7.1 6.7 8.5 7.5 8.3 9.1 8.5 8.7 9.1 3.7
36 Pakistan Pakistan 3.8 3.3 4.7 5.0 3.6 2.9 2.4 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.2 2.0 1.1 1.0 0.8
37 Argentina Argentina 3.7 4.6 5.2 4.6 4.1 5.0 5.5 5.2 5.0 5.7 5.1 4.0 5.5 5.4 4.5 3.6 2.7 1.3
38 Finland Finland 3.5 3.5 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.0 3.1 4.4 4.4 4.1 2.9 2.5 0.4
39 Slovakia Slovakia 3.4 3.9 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6 3.7 4.5 5.1 3.7 5.1[21] n/a[21] n/a[21]
40 Romania Romania 2.8 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.8 3.9 2.7 5.0 6.3 4.7 9.7 13.2 4.1
41 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 2.7 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.4 2.9 2.4 2.0 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 n/a
42 Belarus Belarus 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.4 1.5 1.5[19]
43 Portugal Portugal 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.5 1.6 2.0 1.9 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.3
44 Oman Oman 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.5 1.6 2.0 1.9 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.3
Soviet Union Soviet Union - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 154.4 147.9 96.9[22]
 Others[23] 27.7 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 28.4 29.5 29.9 26.5 (est.) 23.3 (est.) 28.6 (est.) 30.7 (est.) n/a n/a n/a n/a

Exports[edit]

net: exports - imports

Top steel exporters in 2018[1]
Rank Country Mt
1 China 51.4
2 Russia 31.5
3 Japan 29.8
4 South Korea 27.6
- European Union[24] 22.6
5 Germany 21.2
6 Turkey 18.5
7 India 17.1
8 Ukraine 15.2
9 Italy 14.9
10 Belgium 12.9
11 Brazil 10.6
12 France 10.2
13 Taiwan 10.0
Top steel net exporters in 2018[1]
Rank Country Mt
1 Russia 26.4
2 Japan 24.8
3 South Korea 16.1
4 Ukraine 13.9
5 China 13.5
6 India 12.1
7 Brazil 8.7
8 Turkey 6.0
9 Egypt 4.4
10 Germany 3.0

Imports[edit]

Net: imports − exports

Top steel importers in 2018[1]
Rank Country Mt
1 China 37.9
- European Union[24] 32.6
2 United States 19.9
3 Germany 18.2
4 Italy 15.5
5 Vietnam 13.6
6 Turkey 12.5
7 France 11.8
8 South Korea 11.5
9 Poland 10.8
10 Belgium 10.4
Top steel net importers in 2018[1]
Rank Country Mt
1 United States 13.6
- European Union[24] 10.0
2 Saudi Arabia 7.2
3 Philippines 6.6
4 Vietnam 6.6
5 Poland 5.6
6 Indonesia 4.2
7 Israel 3.3
8 Bangladesh 2.5
9 Uzbekistan 2.5
10 United Arab Emirates 2.4

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "World Steel in Figures 2021" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-07-23.
  2. ^ "China's steel sector sees output growth in 2020". Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  3. ^ World Steel Association Archived 2010-11-29 at the Wayback Machine World Crude Steel Production 2009
  4. ^ World Crude Steel Production 2010 Archived 2011-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ World Crude Steel Production 2011[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved 2014-07-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) World Crude Steel Production 2012
  7. ^ "World Steel Production 1980-2013" (PDF). World Steel Association. Nov 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 April 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  8. ^ "Handbook of World Steel Statistics" (PDF). 1978. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  9. ^ "Global crude steel output increases by 3.4% in 2019".
  10. ^ "World Crude Steel Production" (PDF). WorldSteel. 2020-01-27. Retrieved 2020-07-05.
  11. ^ "Global crude steel output increases by 4.6% in 2018".
  12. ^ "World Crude Steel Production" (PDF). WorldSteel. 2019-01-25. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  13. ^ "Monthly crude steel production - 2017" (PDF). World Steel Assoctiation. 2018-01-24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-02-05. Retrieved 2018-02-04.
  14. ^ "Monthly crude steel production" (PDF). World Steel Association. 24 Apr 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  15. ^ "Steel Statistical Yearbook 2016" (PDF). World Steel Association. 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  16. ^ "Steel Statistical Yearbook 2015" (PDF). World Steel Association. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 November 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  17. ^ "World Steel Statistics data 2013" (PDF). World Steel Association. 23 January 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 February 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  18. ^ EEC until 1993
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Was part of Soviet Union USSR until 1992
  20. ^ partial data
  21. ^ a b c d e f Was part of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia until 1993
  22. ^ Hermann, Haack (1 January 1967). "Zahlen und Tatsachen zur Entwicklung der Sowjetunion, 50 Jahre Sowjetmacht". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  23. ^ composition of other countries vary year to year, thus is not comparable
  24. ^ a b c excluding intra-regional trade

External links[edit]