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List of countries by suicide rate

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Suicide vs violent deaths 2016

The following are lists of countries by suicide rate according to data from the World Health Organization (WHO) and other sources.

A country's rate is determined by its age-adjusted total rate (per 100,000 population) of deaths officially recorded as suicides in the most recent available year. The WHO statistics are based on the official reports from each respective country, therefore are no more accurate than the record-keeping in the specific country, and revisions (updates) are usually performed as well.[1]

About one person in 5,000–15,000 dies by suicide every year (1.4% of all deaths), with a reported global rate of 10.7 per 100,000 population in 2015 (was 11.6 in 2008). In Western countries male and female rates of suicidal behaviors differ at a greater degree compared to those in the rest of the world.[2][3][4] Around 20% of global suicides are due to pesticide self-poisoning, most of which occur in rural agricultural areas in low- and middle-income countries consisting in about 80% world population; some of these pesticides are forbidden by United Nations (UN) conventions.[5][6] In high-income countries consisting of the remaining 20% world population, the most common methods are firearms, hanging and other self-poisoning. Europe is the most suicidal region in the entire world, while the Eastern Mediterranean the least.[7][8]

Per recent WHO releases, social stigma, the taboo to openly discuss suicide, and low availability of data lead to poor data quality for both suicide and suicide attempts: "given the sensitivity of suicide – and the illegality of suicidal behaviour in some countries – it is likely that under-reporting and misclassification are greater problems for suicide than for most other causes of death."[9][2]

In much of the world, suicide is stigmatized and condemned for religious or cultural reasons. In some countries, suicidal behaviour is a criminal offence punishable by law. Suicide is therefore often a secretive act surrounded by taboo, and may be unrecognized, misclassified or deliberately hidden in official records of death.[2]

— World Health Organization (2002)

List by the World Health Organization (2016)

Source: World Health Organization[note 1][note 2]

The World Health Organization (WHO) divides the world into six WHO regions (more detailed sub-regional statistics are available at its official website). Incidence of suicide tends to be under-reported and misclassified due to both cultural and social pressures, and possibly completely unreported in some areas. Since data might be skewed, comparing suicide rates between countries can result in statistically unsound conclusions about suicidal behavior in different countries. Nevertheless the statistics are commonly used to directly influence decisions about public policy and public health strategies.[11]

Suicide rates by WHO region in 2016 (per 100 000 people per year)[10][12]
WHO region Crude rateu Age-standardized rateu Crude male rateu Crude female rateu Male–female ratiou
Europe[note 3]
15.4 12.85 24.7 6.6 3.74
Southeast Asia
13.2 13.40 14.8 11.6 1.28
10.6 10.53 13.5 7.7 1.75
Western Pacific
10.2 8.45 10.9 9.4 1.16
Americas
9.8 9.25 15.1 4.6 3.28
Africa
7.4 11.96 9.9 4.8 2.06
Eastern Mediterranean    
3.9 4.30 5.1 2.7 1.89

Male and female suicide rates are out of total male population and total female population, respectively (i.e. total number of male suicides divided by total male population). Age-standardized rates account for the influence that different population age distributions might have on the analysis of crude death rates, statistically addressing the prevailing trends by age-groups and populations' structures, to enhance cross-national comparability: based on age-groups' deviation from standardized population structures, rates are rounded up or down (age-adjustment). If rounded down means the median age and life expectancy is higher than average for that region (or country), and vice versa when rounded up.

Most countries listed below report a higher male suicide rate, as worldwide there are about 3 male suicides out of 4, or a factor of 3:1 (for example,[13] in the United States was 3.36 in 2015, and 3.53 in 2016). The male-female ratio shown below is based on the age-standardized rates: as compared to WHO world standard population, women's median age and life expectancy might be greater than that of men's for that country when rounded up, and vice versa when rounded down.[14]

Though age-standardization is common statistical process to categorize mortality data for comparing purposes, this approach often results in rates differing from the official national statistics prepared and endorsed by individual countries (and revisions are also performed periodically). Age-adjusted rates are mortality rates that would have existed if all populations under study had the same age distribution as a "standard" population.

Suicides per 100,000 people in 2016 (age standardized)[15]
Both sexes
rank
Country Continent Both sexes Males Females Male:Female
ratio
Rank Number Rank Number
1  Guyana (more info) South America 30.2 3 46.6 5 14.2 3.28
2  Lesotho Africa 28.9 25 22.7 1 32.6 0.7
3  Russia (more info) Europe 26.5 1 48.3 31 7.5 6.44
4  Lithuania (more info) Europe 25.7 2 47.5 37 6.7 7.09
5  Suriname South America 23.2 6 36.1 13 10.9 3.31
6  Ivory Coast Africa 23.0 8 32.0 8 13.0 2.46
7  Kazakhstan (more info) Asia 22.8 4 40.1 28 7.7 5.21
8  Equatorial Guinea Africa 22.0 9 31.3 15 10.8 2.9
9  Belarus (more info) Europe 21.4 5 39.3 45 6.2 6.34
10  South Korea (more info) Asia 20.2 11 29.6 11 11.6 2.55
11  Uganda[a] Africa 20.0 37 21.2 2 18.7 1.13
12  Cameroon (more info) Africa 19.5 13 26.9 10 12.5 2.15
13  Zimbabwe Africa 19.1 12 29.1 12 11.1 2.62
14  Ukraine (more info) Europe 18.5 7 34.5 81 4.7 7.34
15  Nigeria Africa 17.3 56 17.5 3 17.1 1.02
16  Latvia Europe 17.2 10 31.0 71 5.1 6.08
17  Eswatini Africa 16.7 17 25.4 17 9.6 2.65
18  Taiwan[b] Asia 16.65 33 21.8 12 11.1 1.96
18  Togo Africa 16.6 25 22.7 13 10.9 2.08
19  India (more info) Asia 16.5 46 18.5 4 14.5 1.28
19  Uruguay South America 16.5 14 26.8 34 7.1 3.77
21  Sierra Leone Africa 16.1 50 18.2 5 14.2 1.28
22  Benin Africa 15.7 27 22.6 17 9.6 2.35
22  Belgium Europe 15.7 31 22.2 19 9.4 2.36
24  Chad Africa 15.5 63 17.1 7 13.8 1.24
25  Kiribati Oceania 15.2 15 25.9 63 5.4 4.8
26  Cape Verde Africa 15.1 19 24.1 28 7.7 3.13
27  Burundi Africa 15.0 24 23.1 28 7.7 3
28  Burkina Faso Africa 14.8 28 22.4 20 9.1 2.46
29  Estonia Europe 14.4 16 25.6 89 4.4 5.82
30  Japan (more info) Asia 14.3 40 20.5 25 8.1 2.53
31  Sri Lanka (more info) Asia 14.2 22 23.3 45 6.2 3.76
32  Finland (more info) Europe 13.8 39 20.8 36 6.8 3.06
32  Eritrea Africa 13.8 28 22.4 53 6.1 3.67
34  United States (more info) North America 13.7 38 21.1 42 6.4 3.3
35  Hungary Europe 13.6 31 22.2 45 6.2 3.58
36  El Salvador North America 13.5 18 24.8 90 4.3 5.77
37  Liberia Africa 13.4 87 13.8 8 13.0 1.06
37  Moldova Europe 13.4 19 24.1 99 3.8 6.34
37  Poland Europe 13.4 21 23.9 115 3.4 7.03
40  Iceland Europe 13.3 34 21.7 81 4.7 4.62
40  Slovenia Europe 13.3 28 22.4 88 4.5 4.98
40  Mongolia Asia 13.3 22 23.3 99 3.8 6.13
43  Bolivia South America 12.9 64 16.9 21 8.9 1.9
43  Thailand Asia 12.9 36 21.4 79 4.8 4.46
43  Trinidad and Tobago North America 12.9 33 21.9 90 4.3 5.09
46  South Africa Africa 12.8 34 21.7 71 5.1 4.25
47  Haiti North America 12.2 48 18.3 42 6.4 2.86
48  France (more info) Europe 12.1 52 17.9 40 6.5 2.75
49  Nicaragua North America 11.9 43 19.2 74 5.0 3.84
50  Senegal Africa 11.8 41 20.3 68 5.2 3.9
51  Sweden (more info) Europe 11.7 69 15.8 32 7.4 2.14
51  Australia (more info) Oceania 11.7 59 17.4 56 6.0 2.9
53  Bhutan (more info) Asia 11.6 87 13.8 21 8.9 1.55
53  New Zealand Oceania 11.6 60 17.3 45 6.2 2.79
53  Central African Republic Africa 11.6 51 18.0 56 6.0 3
56  Botswana Africa 11.5 48 18.3 61 5.7 3.21
56  Croatia Europe 11.5 44 18.8 71 5.1 3.69
56  Namibia Africa 11.5 42 19.4 76 4.9 3.96
59  Austria Europe 11.4 56 17.5 61 5.7 3.07
59  Ethiopia Africa 11.4 45 18.7 81 4.7 3.98
61   Switzerland (more info) Europe 11.3 69 15.8 35 6.9 2.29
61  Zambia Africa 11.3 56 17.5 45 6.2 2.82
61  Federated States of Micronesia Oceania 11.3 67 16.2 45 6.2 2.61
64  Comoros Africa 11.1 54 17.6 63 5.4 3.26
65  Rwanda Africa 11.0 64 16.9 56 6.0 2.82
66  Serbia Europe 10.9 60 17.3 68 5.2 3.33
66  Ireland (more info) Europe 10.9 54 17.6 94 4.2 4.19
68  North Korea[a] Asia 10.6 78 14.8 26 8.0 1.85
69  Guinea Africa 10.5 100 12.7 23 8.4 1.51
69  Czech Republic Europe 10.5 62 17.2 94 4.2 4.1
69  Dominican Republic North America 10.5 52 17.9 118 3.2 5.59
72  Canada (more info) North America 10.4 72 15.1 59 5.8 2.6
72  Luxembourg Europe 10.4 73 15.0 59 5.8 2.59
74  Norway Europe 10.1 90 13.6 40 6.5 2.09
74  Cuba North America 10.1 66 16.4 96 4.1 4
74  Slovakia Europe 10.1 47 18.4 137 2.6 7.08
77  Gambia Africa 10.0 98 12.8 33 7.3 1.75
78  Yemen[a] Asia 9.8 93 13.4 45 6.2 2.16
79  Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 9.7 73 15.0 76 4.9 3.06
79  Chile South America 9.7 68 16.0 99 3.8 4.21
81    Nepal (more info) Asia 9.6 112 11.4 26 8.0 1.43
81  Netherlands Europe 9.6 96 12.9 42 6.4 2.02
81  Tanzania[a] Africa 9.6 81 14.3 63 5.4 2.65
81  Gabon Africa 9.6 73 15.0 90 4.3 3.49
85  Sudan Africa 9.5 80 14.5 85 4.6 3.15
86  Paraguay South America 9.3 104 12.3 45 6.2 1.98
86  Laos Asia 9.3 96 12.9 53 6.1 2.11
86  Congo Africa 9.3 85 13.9 74 5.0 2.78
89  Denmark Europe 9.2 94 13.2 68 5.2 2.54
90  Germany Europe 9.1 90 13.6 79 4.8 2.83
90  Kyrgyzstan Asia 9.1 78 14.8 105 3.7 4
90  Argentina South America 9.1 73 15.0 113 3.5 4.29
93  Niger Africa 9.0 109 11.5 37 6.7 1.72
94  Mali Africa 8.9 92 13.5 81 4.7 2.87
94  Angola Africa 8.9 83 14.0 85 4.6 3.04
96  Ghana[a] Africa 8.7 69 15.8 128 2.9 5.45
97  Portugal Europe 8.6 82 14.3 99 3.8 3.76
98  Djibouti Africa 8.5 107 11.9 67 5.3 2.25
99  Mozambique (more info) Africa 8.4 83 14.0 96 4.1 3.41
100  Somalia Africa 8.3 109 11.5 63 5.4 2.13
100  Seychelles Africa 8.3 73 15.0 152 2.1 7.14
102  Myanmar Asia 8.1 152 6.3 16 9.8 0.64
103  China (more info) Asia 8.0 143 7.9 24 8.3 0.95
103  Romania Europe 8.0 85 13.9 141 2.4 5.79
105  Singapore[a] (more info) Asia 7.9 114 11.1 76 4.9 2.27
105  Montenegro Europe 7.9 102 12.6 108 3.6 3.5
105  Bulgaria Europe 7.9 95 13.1 118 3.2 4.09
108  Malawi Africa 7.8 89 13.7 118 3.2 4.28
109  United Kingdom (more info) Europe 7.6 107 11.9 113 3.5 3.4
110  Mauritania Africa 7.5 106 12.1 108 3.6 3.36
110  Costa Rica North America 7.5 98 12.8 143 2.3 5.57
112  Guinea-Bissau Africa 7.4 132 8.9 53 6.1 1.46
112  Uzbekistan Asia 7.4 121 10.3 85 4.6 2.24
114  Mauritius Africa 7.3 103 12.5 147 2.2 5.68
114  Saint Lucia North America 7.3 100 12.7 152 2.1 6.05
116  Ecuador South America 7.2 117 10.7 99 3.8 2.82
116  Turkmenistan Asia 7.2 115 11.0 105 3.7 2.97
116  Turkey Asia 7.2 113 11.3 118 3.2 3.53
119  Papua New Guinea[a] Oceania 7.0 123 10.2 99 3.8 2.68
119  Vietnam Asia 7.0 116 10.8 115 3.4 3.18
119  Colombia South America 7.0 109 11.5 130 2.8 4.11
122  Madagascar Africa 6.9 120 10.5 108 3.6 2.92
123  Georgia Asia 6.7 104 12.3 160 1.9 6.47
124  Malta Europe 6.5 121 10.3 130 2.8 3.68
125  East Timor Asia 6.4 130 9.0 105 3.7 2.43
125  Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe 6.4 118 10.6 139 2.5 4.24
125  Afghanistan Asia 6.4 118 10.6 152 2.1 5.05
128  Malaysia[a] Asia 6.2 134 8.7 108 3.6 2.42
128  North Macedonia Europe 6.2 126 9.7 127 3.0 3.23
130  Bangladesh[a] (more info) Asia 6.1 155 5.5 37 6.7 0.82
130  South Sudan[a] Africa 6.1 139 8.3 96 4.1 2.02
130  Spain (more info) Europe 6.1 129 9.3 124 3.1 3
130  Brazil South America 6.1 126 9.7 130 2.8 3.46
134  Cambodia Asia 5.9 130 9.0 118 3.2 2.81
134  Solomon Islands Oceania 5.9 137 8.5 118 3.2 2.66
134  Belize North America 5.9 125 9.9 158 2.0 4.95
137  Qatar Asia 5.8 147 7.3 173 1.1 6.64
138  Bahrain Asia 5.7 143 7.9 152 2.1 3.76
138  Armenia Europe 5.7 124 10.1 158 2.0 5.05
140  Albania Europe 5.6 150 7.0 90 4.3 1.63
140  Kenya[a] Africa 5.6 126 9.7 152 2.1 4.62
142  Italy Europe 5.5 138 8.4 137 2.6 3.23
142  Fiji Oceania 5.5 133 8.8 139 2.5 3.52
142  Libya Africa 5.5 134 8.7 143 2.3 3.78
145  Vanuatu Oceania 5.4 142 8.1 134 2.7 3
145  Samoa Oceania 5.4 134 8.7 147 2.2 3.95
147  Israel Asia 5.2 140 8.2 141 2.4 3.42
147  Mexico North America 5.2 140 8.2 143 2.3 3.57
149  Peru South America 5.1 145 7.6 134 2.7 2.81
150  Brunei[a] Asia 4.5 153 6.2 130 2.8 2.21
150  Cyprus[a] Asia 4.5 148 7.2 160 1.9 3.79
152  Egypt Africa 4.4 148 7.2 163 1.7 4.24
152  Panama North America 4.4 145 7.6 171 1.2 6.33
154  Iraq Asia 4.1 164 4.7 115 3.4 1.38
155  Iran (more info) Asia 4.0 161 4.9 124 3.1 1.58
155  Tonga Oceania 4.0 157 5.2 128 2.9 1.79
157  Greece Europe 3.8 154 6.1 170 1.5 4.07
157  Venezuela South America 3.8 151 6.6 171 1.2 5.5
159  Jordan[a] Asia 3.7 164 4.7 134 2.7 1.74
159  Philippines Asia 3.7 157 5.2 143 2.3 2.26
159  Indonesia Asia 3.7 157 5.2 147 2.2 2.36
162  Oman[a] Asia 3.5 163 4.8 177 0.9 5.33
163  Honduras North America 3.4 156 5.3 163 1.7 3.12
163  Saudi Arabia[a] Asia 3.4 166 4.6 163 1.7 2.71
165  Algeria Africa 3.3 161 4.9 162 1.8 2.72
165  Tajikistan Asia 3.3 160 5.0 163 1.7 2.94
167  Tunisia Africa 3.2 167 4.4 147 2.2 2
167  Lebanon[a] Asia 3.2 170 4.2 147 2.2 1.91
169  Morocco Africa 3.1 179 2.5 108 3.6 0.69
169  Pakistan[a] (more info) Asia 3.1 177 3.0 124 3.1 0.97
169  São Tomé and Príncipe Africa 3.1 170 4.2 152 2.1 2
172  Guatemala North America 2.9 167 4.4 163 1.7 2.59
173  Maldives Asia 2.7 174 3.6 169 1.6 2.25
173  United Arab Emirates Asia 2.7 175 3.5 181 0.8 4.38
175  Azerbaijan Asia 2.6 169 4.3 175 1.0 4.3
176  Syria[a] Asia 2.4 173 3.8 173 1.1 3.45
176  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines North America 2.4 172 3.9 177 0.9 4.33
178  Kuwait Asia 2.2 179 2.5 163 1.7 1.47
179  Jamaica North America 2.0 176 3.2 177 0.9 3.56
180  Grenada North America 1.7 181 2.1 175 1.0 2.1
181  Bahamas[a] North America 1.6 178 2.8 182 0.5 5.6
182  Antigua and Barbuda North America 0.5 183 0.0 177 0.9 0
183  Barbados North America 0.4 182 0.8 183 0.3 2.67
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Suicide attempts are illegal and punishable by imprisonment or other penalties in this country. This may lead to underreporting of suicides, and may bring into question the reliability of suicide-related statistics (particularly in countries with low reported suicide rates). See also Suicide legislation.
  2. ^ Taiwan is not part of WHO for political issues. The figure provided is based on estimate. See List of countries by suicide rate § Notes to learn more.
Countries by income group
Estimated numbers and rates of suicide by income group, 2012[16]
Income group (% of global pop) Suicides, 2012
(in thousands)
Global % Rate
(2012)
Male:Female
(2012)
High-income countries (18.3%) 197 24.5% 12.7 3.5 : 1
Upper-middle-income countries (34.3%) 192 23.8% 7.5 1.3 : 1
Lower-middle-income countries (35.4%) 333 41.4% 14.1 1.7 : 1
Low-income countries (12.0%) 82 10.2% 13.4 1.7 : 1
Global  (100.0%) 804 100.0% 11.4 1.9 : 1

List by other sources and years (1985–2018)

Suicide rate per 100,000 people by country (1978-2009)[17]
Suicides per 100,000 people per year[18]
Regions Male Female Average Year
Positive decrease  Greenland[19][20][21][22] (more info) 82.8 (0.0830%) 2015
Positive decrease  Lithuania[23][24] (more info) 65.1 12.4 28.27 (0.02827%) 2016
Positive decrease  Guyana[25] (more info) 30.2 (0.0302%) 2017
 Kazakhstan[17] (more info) 43.0 9.4 25.6 (0.0256%) 2008
 South Korea[26] (more info) 34.9 13.8 24.3 (0.0243%) 2017
Positive decrease  Slovenia[23] 18.09 (0.018%) 2016
Positive decrease  Sri Lanka[27][28] (more info) 14.6 (0.0146%) 2018
Positive decrease  Hungary[23] 17.98 (0.01798%) 2016
 Belarus[29] 20.5 (0.0205%) 2017
Steady  Taiwan (Estimate) [30] [note 4] 20.1 (0.0201%) 2018
 Ukraine[32] (more info) 22.4 (0.0224%) 2016
 Uruguay[33][34] 18 (0.018%) 2018
Positive decrease  Latvia[23] 18.56 (0.0185%) 2016
 Moldova [35] 15.9 (0.0159%) 2016
Positive decrease  Serbia[23] 13.52 (0.0135%) 2016
Negative increase  Belgium[36][note 5][37][note 6] 17.0 (0.0170%) 2016
Positive decrease Japan [38][39] (more info) 23.1 10.1 16.5 (0.0165%) 2018
Steady  Taiwan (Government data) [30] [note 7] 21.8 11.1 16.4 (0.0164%) 2018
Positive decrease  Croatia[23][40] 16 (0.016%) 2016
 Bhutan[41] (more info) 12.16 (0.0121%) 2017
Positive decrease  Austria[23] 23.8 7.1 13.69 (0.01369%) 2016
 South Africa[42] 15.4 (0.0154%) 2005
Positive decrease  Estonia[23][43] 14.31 (0.0143%) 2016
Positive decrease  France[23][43] (more info) 13.21 (0.01321%) 2016
 Suriname 23.9 4.8 14.4 (0.0144%) 2005
Negative increase  Finland[23][44] 22.3 6.9 14.26 (0.01426%) 2016
 Europe[23][45] 10.33 (0.0103%) 2016
Negative increase  United States[46][47][48] (more info) 21.8 6.0 14.5 (0.0145%) 2017
Negative increase  Poland[23] 12.28 (0.0138%) 2016
 Russia[49] (more info) 13.7 (0.0137%) 2017
 Bosnia and Herzegovina[50] 13.6 (0.0136%) 2012
Positive decrease  Czech Republic[23] 12.57 (0.01257%) 2016
Positive decrease  Germany[23][51] 11.29 (0.01129%) 2016
 Cuba 19.0 5.5 12.3 (0.0123%) 2008
Positive decrease  Bulgaria[37] 9.24 (0.0092%) 2016
 New Zealand[52][53] 19.0 5.8 12.3 (0.0123%) 2014–15
 Hong Kong[54] 16.2 8.8 12.3 (0.0123%) 2011
Positive decrease  Sweden[23][55] (more info) 11.73 (0.01173%) 2016
Positive decrease  Portugal[37][56] 8.95 (0.00895%) 2016
Positive decrease  Romania[23] 10.13 (0.01013%) 2016
Negative increase  Norway[23] 12.08 (0.01208%) 2016
Positive decrease  United Kingdom[37][57][note 8] (more info) 7.23 (0.00723%) 2016
 Canada[58] (more info) 16.9 5.3 11.5 (0.0115%) 2009
Positive decrease  Iceland[23][59] 12.3 (0.0123%) 2016
 Chile 18.2 4.2 11.2 (0.0112%) 2007
Negative increase   Switzerland[60] (more info) 17 5.8 11.2 (0.0112%) 2011
 Netherlands[37] 18.0 6.0 12.0 (0.0012%) 2015
 Trinidad and Tobago 17.9 3.8 10.7 (0.0107%) 2006
 India (more info) 13.0 7.8 10.5 (0.0105%) 2009
 Ireland[61] 17.4 3.4 10.3 (0.0103%) 2013
 Singapore[62] 13.3 7.3 10.3 (0.0103%) 2012
 Australia[63] (more info) 12.7(0.012%) 2017
 Slovakia[37] 7.48 (0.0074%) 2016
China China[64] (more info) 9.8 (0.0098%) 2014
 Kyrgyzstan 14.1 3.6 8.8 (0.0088%) 2009
 Turkmenistan 13.8 3.5 8.6 (0.0086%) 1998
 Spain[65] (more info) 12.7 4.1 8.3 (0.0083%) 2013
 North Macedonia[37] 12.6 3.9 8.0 (0.008%) 2009
 El Salvador 12.9 3.6 8.0 (0.008%) 2008
 Italy 12.7 3.8 8.0 (0.0080%) 2016
 Zimbabwe 10.6 5.2 7.9 (0.0079%) 1990
 Luxembourg[37] 13.2 2.9 7.8 (0.0078%) 2008
 Argentina 12.6 3.0 7.7 (0.0077%) 2008
 Ecuador 10.5 3.6 7.1 (0.0071%) 2009
 Mauritius 11.8 1.9 6.8 (0.0068%) 2008
 Costa Rica 10.2 1.9 6.1 (0.0061%) 2009
 Thailand[66] 9.7 2.58 6.03 (0.0613%) 2013
 Mongolia 8.6 3.1 5.85 (0.0058%) 2011
 Israel[67] 9.9 2.1 5.8 (0.0058%) 2007
 Nicaragua 9.0 2.6 5.8 (0.0058%) 2006
 Panama 9.0 1.9 5.5 (0.0055%) 2008
 Colombia 7.9 2.0 4.9 (0.0049%) 2007
 Brazil 7.7 2.0 4.8 (0.0048%) 2008
 Iran[68][69] (more info) 3.9 2.1 4.8 (0.0048%) 2013
 Uzbekistan 7.0 2.3 4.7 (0.0047%) 2005
 Cambodia 4.6 (0.0046%) 2008
 Georgia 7.1 1.7 4.3 (0.0043%) 2009
 Turkey[70] 4.19 (0.00419%) 2013
 Albania[71] 4.7 3.3 4.0 (0.004%) 2003
 Mexico 6.8 1.3 4.0 (0.004%) 2008
 Honduras[72] 3.84 (0.00384%) 2011
 Bahrain 4.0 3.5 3.8 (0.0038%) 2006
 Belize 6.6 0.7 3.7 (0.0037%) 2008
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5.4 1.9 3.7 (0.0037%) 2008
 Paraguay 5.1 2.0 3.6 (0.0036%) 2008
 Cyprus[37] 5.9 1.3 3.6 (0.0036%) 2009
 Guatemala 5.6 1.7 3.6 (0.0036%) 2008
 Barbados 7.3 0.0 3.5 (0.0035%) 2006
 Greece 6.1 1.0 3.5 (0.0035%) 2009
 Malta 5.9 1.0 3.4 (0.0034%) 2008
 Venezuela 5.3 1.2 3.2 (0.0032%) 2007
 Philippines[73] 4.5 1.0 2.75 (0.00275%) 2005
 Tajikistan 2.9 2.3 2.6 (0.0026%) 2001
 Saint Lucia 4.9 0.0 2.4 (0.0024%) 2005
 Dominican Republic 3.9 0.7 2.3 (0.0023%) 2005
 Armenia 2.8 1.1 1.9 (0.0019%) 2008
 Kuwait 1.9 1.7 1.8 (0.0018%) 2009
 The Bahamas 1.9 0.6 1.2 (0.0012%) 2005
 Pakistan[74] (more info) 1.45 0.71 1.10 (0.0011%) 2012
 Peru 1.1 0.6 0.9 (0.0009%) 2000
 São Tomé and Príncipe 0.0 1.8 0.9 (0.0009%) 1987
 Azerbaijan 1.0 0.3 0.6 (0.0006%) 2007
 Maldives 0.7 0.0 0.3 (0.0003%) 2005
 Jamaica 0.3 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 1990
 Syria 0.2 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 1985
 Jordan[75] 0.2 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 2008
 Egypt 0.1 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 2009
 Grenada 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2008
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 1995
 Antigua and Barbuda 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 1995
 Haiti 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2003
   Nepal (more info) 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2003

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Data revised in April 2017 and April 2018. Revision for 2015 rates is available at World Health Organization's website, including year 2016 rates.[10]
  2. ^ To proportion and compare the prevalence of suicide for different countries, WHO adjusts for age (age-standardization) every country's crude mortality rate based on demographic parameters and general mortality data (life expectancy) including other relevant statistical data such as median population ages, sex ratios and age distribution (i.e. age-groups), enhancing cross-national comparability. Another way to think of it, is that since populations age structures are often very different, but the likelihood of dying by suicide is generally increased with age, in order to avoid masking the sensible differences given by each country's age distributions, countries' rates are reciprocally weighted into the overall trend to globally frame national suicide rates, and the epidemiological prevalence of suicide. Age-standardization works over time as a measure of the prevalence of suicide across diversely populated countries, by rounding down when populations are composed of a higher percentage of older people compared to the "standard" population, and vice versa.
  3. ^ Europe is the most suicidal region of the world according to crude rates.[8][7]
  4. ^ In government's annual release, there were 3637 people per one hundred thousands of people in 2018 died of contacting poison, accidental fall, exposure to fire or smoke, accidental drowning including sinking beneath water to death in addition to the suicidal death that was equal to 3865 people per 100,000 people.[30] Nevertheless, jumping from a high building as well as drowning were commom methods of suicide in Taiwan,[31] indicating the potential risks of type I and type II errors and misuse of statistics within the gorvernment's report. Hence, if halves of the death rates of the drowning and fall that were shown in government's report were extracted and added into the self-inflicted deaths (intentional injury death of self), it yields 0.0201% which is thought better reflecting the real case.
  5. ^ Recently released figures by official Belgian authorities suggest a considerably higher rate of 17.0 persons (total) per 100,000 people per annum in 2009 (5,712 cases in a population of 10,749,000 (=10,666,866 as of 1 January 2008 increasing by 0,77% per annum.) as of 1 January 2009)."Toenemend aantal zelfdodingen in Belgie" (in Dutch). 2011. Archived from the original on 5 December 2012.
  6. ^ The number of death in Belgium in 2008 due to suicide "zichzelf schade toebrengen" was reported at 2000 out of a total of 103.760 death. These death comprise 1453 men and 547 women. This puts the suicide rate at about 19 per 100.000. See statbel: http://statbel.fgov.be/nl/binaries/NL%20-%20Tableau%201%2E3_T_2008_tcm325-168456.pdf Archived 28 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ In government's annual release, there were 3637 people per one hundred thousands people in 2018 died of contacting poison, accidental fall, exposure to fire or smoke, accidental drowning, or sinking beneath water that were excluded from the statistical suicidal death figure equal to 3865 people per 100,000 people.[30] Furthermore, jumping from a high building as well as drowning were commom methods of suicide in Taiwan.[31]
  8. ^ These indicated rates refer to aged 15 and over.
  • The updated figure of suicide rates in Belgium for 2011 is 2,084 on a total population of 10,933,607, equivalent to 18.96 per 100,000 inhabitants (source: Het Nieuwsblad, 10 April 2014).
  • Taiwan is not a member of WHO. Taiwanese government adopted WHO standard by 2007. In Taiwanese government's self-released data, the figure is standardized based on population constitution within Taiwan. The government's self-release has the potential of statistical error interpretation.[76][77]

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External links