List of countries by suicide rate

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The following is a list of suicide rates by country according to data from the World Health Organization (WHO) and other sources.

A country's rank is determined by its age-adjusted total rate (per 100,000 population) of deaths officially recorded as suicides in the most recent available year. The WHO statistics are based on the official reports from each respective country, therefore no more accurate than the record-keeping in the specific country, and revisions (updates) are usually performed as well.[1]

About one person in 5,000–15,000 dies by suicide every year (1.4% of all deaths), with reported world rate of 10.7 per 100,000 population in 2015 (was 11.6 in 2008). In Western countries male and female rates of suicidal behaviors differ at a greater degree compared to those in the rest of the world.[2][3][4] Around 30% of global suicides are due to pesticide self-poisoning, most of which occur in rural agricultural areas in low- and middle-income countries consisting in about 80% world population; some of them are forbidden by United Nations (UN) conventions.[5][6] In high-income countries consisting of the remaining 20% world population most common methods are firearms, hanging and other self-poisoning. Europe is the most suicidal region in the entire world, while the Eastern Mediterranean the least.[7][8]

A 2014 overview pointed at the economic crisis' years (2007-2008) as a period from which suicide rates surged globally. The study was about China's suicide rates which have been declining instead: in the 1990s China was among the countries with highest suicide rates in the world (above 20 per 100,000), but by the global economic crisis they kept dropping as significantly (as they were by the end of 1990s) with the main force having been migration from rural to urban areas.[9] The same years were also a turning point for reliability of data: before then, many countries had no official rates, particularly African countries (see map).

Per recent WHO releases, social stigma, the taboo to openly discuss suicide, and low availability of data lead to poor data quality for both suicide and suicide attempts: "given the sensitivity of suicide – and the illegality of suicidal behaviour in some countries – it is likely that under-reporting and misclassification are greater problems for suicide than for most other causes of death."[10][2]

In much of the world, suicide is stigmatized and condemned for religious or cultural reasons. In some countries, suicidal behaviour is a criminal offence punishable by law. Suicide is therefore often a secretive act surrounded by taboo, and may be unrecognized, misclassified or deliberately hidden in official records of death.[2]

— World Health Organization (2002)

List by the World Health Organization (2015)[edit]

Source: World Health Organization[note 1][note 2]

Male–Female ratios of suicide rates. Red means higher prevalence of male suicides. Below are the male and female suicide rates used to derive the ratios.[12]
  No data
  Less than 1.0 : 1
  Less than 1.7 : 1
  Less than 3.0 : 1
  Less than 4.0 : 1
  Above (or equal to) 4.0 : 1

The World Health Organization (WHO) divides the world into six WHO regions (more detailed sub-regional statistics are available at its official website). Incidence of suicide tends to be under-reported and misclassified due to both cultural and social pressures, and possibly completely unreported in some areas. Since data might be skewed, comparing suicide rates between nations can result in statistically unsound conclusions about suicidal behavior in different countries. Nevertheless the statistics are commonly used to directly influence decisions about public policy and public health strategies.[13]

Suicide rates by WHO region in 2015 (per 100 000 people)[11][14]
WHO region Crude rateu Age-standardized rate Crude male rateu Crude female rateu Male–Female ratiou
Southeast Asia
13.3 13.3 14.9 11.7 1.27
Africa
7.4 12.8 9.9 4.9 2.01
Europe[note 3]
15.7 11.9 25.2 6.8 3.73
Western Pacific
10.2 9.1 10.9 9.5 1.15
Americas
9.9 9.1 15.2 4.6 3.27
Eastern Mediterranean    
3.9 4.3 5.0 2.7 1.84
10.7 10.7 13.6 7.8 1.74

Male and female suicide rates are out of total male population and total female population, respectively (i.e. total number of male suicides divided by total male population). Age-standardized rates account for the influence that different population age distributions might have on the analysis of crude death rates, statistically addressing the prevailing trends by age-groups and populations' structures, to enhance cross-national comparability: based on age-groups' deviation from standardized population structures, rates are rounded up or down (age-adjustment). If rounded down means the median life expectancy is higher than average, and viceversa when rounded up.

Though age-standardization is common statistical process to categorize mortality data for comparing purposes, this approach often results in rates differing from the official national statistics prepared and endorsed by individual countries, and crude rates are usually available as well. Age-adjusted rates are mortality rates that would have existed if all populations under study had the same age distribution as a "standard" population.

Most countries listed below report a higher male suicide rate, as on average there are about 3 male suicides out of 4, or a factor of 3-4:1 (for example,[15] in the United States was 3.36 in 2015, and 3.53 in 2016). This Male:Female ratio is based on the age-standardized rates (so when rounded up means women's life expectancy is likely greater than that of men's for that country, and viceversa if rounded down). Graying is used to overlight countries most close to world average suicide rate (10.7 per 100 000), from 7.5 to 13.9.

Suicide rates by country in 2015 (per 100 000 people)[1][12][not in citation given][note 2]
Rank (both sexes) Country Crude rate Age-standardized rate Rank (male) Male rate Rank (female) Female rate Male–Female ratio
1  Sri Lanka (more info) 35.3 34.6 1 58.8 9 13.3 4.42
2  Guyana (more info) 29.0 30.6 5 46.0 1 15.5 2.97
3  Mongolia 28.3 28.1 2 48.2 21 9.2 5.24
4  Kazakhstan (more info) 27.5 27.5 3 48.1 17 9.6 5.01
5  Côte d'Ivoire 18.1 27.2 8 38.8 3 14.4 2.69
6  Suriname 26.6 26.9 6 41.6 11 12.6 3.30
7  Equatorial Guinea 22.6 26.6 7 39.1 10 13.2 2.96
8  Lithuania (more info) 32.7 26.1 4 47.1 30 8.1 5.81
9  Angola 20.5 25.9 9 38.1 5 14.3 2.66
10  South Korea (more info) 32.0 24.1 10 36.1 8 13.4 2.69
11  Sierra Leone 15.4 22.1 16 29.7 2 14.7 2.02
12  Bolivia 18.7 20.5 21 26.7 3 14.4 1.85
13  Central African Republic 17.4 19.6 15 30.3 20 9.3 3.26
14  Belarus 22.8 19.1 11 35.0 81 5.4 6.48
15  Poland 22.3 18.5 12 32.7 93 4.9 6.67
16  Zimbabwe 10.5 18.0 20 26.9 12 10.3 2.61
17  Russia (more info) 20.1 17.9 13 32.2 72 5.6 5.75
17  Swaziland 14.7 17.9 18 27.3 17 9.6 2.84
19  Cameroon (more info) 11.9 17.5 19 27.1 26 8.5 3.19
20  Latvia 21.7 17.4 14 31.9 95 4.8 6.65
21  Ukraine (more info) 20.1 16.6 17 28.7 54 6.2 4.63
22  Burkina Faso 9.2 16.5 25 25.1 13 10.1 2.49
23  Belgium 20.5 16.1 30 23.4 23 9.1 2.57
24  India (more info) 17.9 16.0 65 17.9 7 14.2 1.26
25  Hungary 21.6 15.7 23 25.8 42 6.9 3.74
26  Japan (more info) 19.7 15.4 36 21.7 21 9.2 2.36
26  Togo 9.5 15.4 32 23.1 25 8.7 2.66
28  Uruguay 17.0 15.2 24 25.2 49 6.3 4.00
28  North Koreab 15.8 15.2 72 17.3 6 14.3 1.21
30  Nigeria 9.9 15.1 42 20.3 14 9.9 2.05
31  Slovenia 21.4 15.0 26 24.5 60 6.0 4.08
31  Benin 9.4 15.0 33 22.7 28 8.4 2.70
33  Estonia 18.9 14.9 22 26.4 95 4.8 5.50
34  Kiribati 14.8 29 23.6 46 6.6 3.58
35  Finland 16.3 14.2 37 21.4 39 7.2 2.97
35  Chad 8.8 14.2 38 20.9 32 7.9 2.65
37  Laos 12.3 14.0 53 18.5 14 9.9 1.87
38  Argentina 14.2 13.9 28 23.7 95 4.8 4.94
39  Lesotho 10.4 13.6 45 19.9 29 8.2 2.43
40  Eritrea 6.7 13.2 30 23.4 81 5.4 4.33
40  Trinidad and Tobago 14.6 13.2 34 22.4 103 4.5 4.98
42  Burundi 8.0 13.0 42 20.3 49 6.3 3.22
43  Mozambique (more info) 8.4 12.9 41 20.5 43 6.7 3.06
44  Ethiopia 8.4 12.8 39 20.7 72 5.6 3.70
44  Cambodia 11.9 12.8 65 17.9 26 8.5 2.11
46  Thailand 16.0 12.7 58 18.2 33 7.7 2.36
46  Sweden (more info) 15.4 12.7 68 17.8 35 7.6 2.34
48  Ugandab 7.2 12.6 56 18.3 35 7.6 2.41
48  United States (more info) 14.3 12.6 46 19.5 66 5.8 3.36
48  Rwanda 8.5 12.6 27 24.3 119 3.5 6.94
48  Botswana 9.7 12.6 46 19.5 54 6.2 3.15
52  Moldova 14.8 12.5 35 22.3 112 3.9 5.72
52  Gabon 10.9 12.5 60 18.1 40 7.0 2.59
54  Comoros 7.4 12.3 74 17.2 31 8.0 2.15
54  France (more info) 16.9 12.3 51 19.0 64 5.9 3.22
54  New Zealand 12.6 12.3 52 18.7 49 6.3 2.97
54  South Africa 10.7 12.3 39 20.7 90 5.1 4.06
58  Democratic Republic of the Congo 9.8 12.2 72 17.3 38 7.3 2.37
59  Bhutan (more info) 11.7 12.1 100 13.9 14 9.9 1.40
59  Serbia 17.0 12.1 46 19.5 77 5.5 3.55
59  Croatia 17.5 12.1 49 19.2 69 5.7 3.37
62  Papua New Guineab 10.3 11.9 60 18.1 64 5.9 3.07
62  Congo 9.6 11.9 65 17.9 58 6.1 2.93
62  Cape Verde 8.5 11.9 53 18.5 40 7.0 2.64
65  Iceland 13.1 11.8 74 17.2 49 6.3 2.73
65  Senegal 6.1 11.8 44 20.2 86 5.2 3.88
67  Austria 16.4 11.7 53 18.5 84 5.3 3.49
67  Haiti 11.2 11.7 70 17.7 60 6.0 2.95
69  Gambia 6.2 11.6 87 15.5 33 7.7 2.01
70  Sudan 10.2 11.4 78 16.6 49 6.3 2.63
70  Guinea 7.7 11.4 87 15.5 37 7.5 2.07
72  Zambia 6.4 11.2 58 18.2 91 5.0 3.64
72  Bulgaria 15.9 11.2 56 18.3 95 4.8 3.81
72  Micronesia 11.2 85 15.7 43 6.7 2.34
75  Ireland 11.7 11.1 63 18.0 108 4.2 4.29
76  Tanzaniab 7.0 11.0 79 16.5 66 5.8 2.84
76  El Salvador 11.1 11.0 49 19.2 106 4.4 4.36
76  Maldives 8.6 11.0 110 13.1 24 8.9 1.47
79  Ghanab 6.9 10.9 68 17.8 112 3.9 4.56
80  Malawi 5.5 10.8 63 18.0 95 4.8 3.75
80  Djibouti 8.6 10.8 90 15.4 48 6.5 2.37
82   Switzerland (more info) 15.1 10.7 87 15.5 60 6.0 2.58
83  Czech Republic 13.7 10.6 70 17.7 112 3.9 4.54
84  Kenyab 6.5 10.5 76 17.1 103 4.5 3.80
84  Cuba 14.1 10.5 77 17.0 108 4.2 4.05
84  Mali 5.7 10.5 95 14.5 43 6.7 2.16
87  Australia (more info) 11.8 10.4 91 15.3 72 5.6 2.73
87  Canada (more info)[16] 12.3 10.4 91 15.3 72 5.6 2.73
87  Namibia 7.7 10.4 80 16.4 77 5.5 2.98
90  Turkmenistan 10.0 10.3 84 15.8 86 5.2 3.04
90  Liberia 6.3 10.3 82 16.1 93 4.9 3.29
92  Slovakia 12.5 9.9 60 18.1 141 2.5 7.24
92  Paraguay 10.3 9.9 102 13.7 58 6.1 2.25
94  Nicaragua 9.5 9.8 83 15.9 108 4.2 3.79
94  Mauritania 5.9 9.8 95 14.5 69 5.7 2.54
96  South Sudanb 6.4 9.6 97 14.3 81 5.4 2.65
97  Guinea-Bissau 6.3 9.5 104 13.6 66 5.8 2.34
98  Solomon Islands 7.9 9.4 102 13.7 91 5.0 2.74
98  Netherlands 11.9 9.4 111 12.9 60 6.0 2.15
98  Timor-Leste 7.1 9.4 109 13.2 72 5.6 2.36
98  Yemenb 8.2 9.4 114 12.6 54 6.2 2.03
102  Norway 10.9 9.3 111 12.9 69 5.7 2.26
103  Romania 11.7 9.2 80 16.4 141 2.5 6.56
103  Uzbekistan 9.3 9.2 104 13.6 86 5.2 2.62
105  Chile 9.9 9.1 91 15.3 125 3.3 4.64
105  Germany 13.4 9.1 100 13.9 103 4.5 3.09
105  Denmark 12.3 9.1 106 13.5 101 4.7 2.87
108  Fiji 8.5 8.9 106 13.5 107 4.3 3.14
109  Mauritius 9.3 8.8 99 14.0 116 3.7 3.78
110  Montenegro 11.0 8.7 118 12.4 84 5.3 2.34
110  Seychelles 8.7 85 15.7 158 1.9 8.26
112  Somalia 5.4 8.6 113 12.7 95 4.8 2.65
112  Turkey 8.7 8.6 114 12.6 101 4.7 2.68
112  Singaporeb 9.9 8.6 121 11.9 77 5.5 2.16
115  Luxembourg 11.1 8.5 123 11.6 86 5.2 2.23
115  Portugal 13.7 8.5 97 14.3 116 3.7 3.86
115  China (more info) 10.0 8.5 146 7.7 19 9.5 0.81
115  Niger 4.1 8.5 124 11.5 77 5.5 2.09
119  Belize 7.3 8.3 94 14.7 153 2.0 7.35
120  Kyrgyzstan 7.4 8.2 108 13.4 122 3.4 3.94
121  Madagascar 4.7 8.0 117 12.5 112 3.9 3.21
122  Ecuador 7.5 7.6 124 11.5 116 3.7 3.11
123  United Kingdom (more info) 8.5 7.4 122 11.7 129 3.2 3.66
124  Costa Rica 7.7 7.3 114 12.6 153 2.0 6.30
124  Dominican Republic 6.8 7.3 119 12.2 139 2.6 4.69
126    Nepal (more info) 6.0 7.2 142 8.2 54 6.2 1.32
126  Vietnam 7.4 7.2 127 11.3 122 3.4 3.32
128  Afghanistan 5.5 7.1 128 10.9 130 3.1 3.52
129  Samoa 7.0 126 11.4 136 2.8 4.07
129  Vanuatu 7.0 129 10.8 125 3.3 3.27
131  Bahrain 6.5 6.9 135 9.5 132 2.9 3.28
132  Saint Lucia 6.7 120 12.0 164 1.6 7.50
133  Malaysiab 5.8 6.5 135 9.5 122 3.4 2.79
134  Republic of Macedonia 8.1 6.4 132 9.9 130 3.1 3.19
135  Bangladeshb (more info) 5.5 6.0 161 5.3 46 6.6 0.80
135  Brazil 6.3 6.0 134 9.6 138 2.7 3.56
135  Colombia 6.1 6.0 130 10.1 150 2.1 4.81
135  Spain (more info) 8.5 6.0 137 9.4 132 2.9 3.24
135  Peru 5.8 6.0 138 9.2 132 2.9 3.17
135  Libya 5.5 6.0 138 9.2 136 2.8 3.29
141  Qatar 6.4 5.7 147 7.3 170 1.2 6.08
142  Panama 5.5 5.6 130 10.1 173 1.1 9.18
143  Israel 5.5 5.4 140 8.7 147 2.3 3.78
143  Italy 7.9 5.4 140 8.7 148 2.2 3.95
143  Tunisia 5.5 5.4 151 6.7 111 4.1 1.63
146  Georgia 6.7 5.3 133 9.7 166 1.5 6.47
147  Morocco 4.8 5.2 150 7.0 119 3.5 2.00
148  Malta 6.0 5.0 142 8.2 153 2.0 4.10
148  Mexico 5.0 5.0 144 8.1 150 2.1 3.86
150  Tajikistan 4.0 4.9 148 7.2 141 2.5 2.88
151  Omanb 5.6 4.8 153 6.4 153 2.0 3.20
152  Armenia 5.4 4.6 145 8.0 161 1.8 4.44
153  Myanmar 4.3 4.5 154 5.9 125 3.3 1.79
154  Bosnia and Herzegovina 6.0 4.4 149 7.1 159 1.9 3.74
155  Honduras 3.6 4.2 155 5.8 139 2.6 2.23
156  Iraq 3.0 4.1 169 4.8 119 3.5 1.37
156  Kuwait 4.0 4.1 157 5.7 150 2.1 2.71
156  Tonga 4.1 166 5.1 125 3.3 1.55
159  Cyprusb 4.7 3.9 151 6.7 176 1.0 6.70
159  Jordanb 3.2 3.9 161 5.3 144 2.4 2.21
159  Saudi Arabiab 3.4 3.9 158 5.5 148 2.2 2.50
162  Albania 4.3 3.8 161 5.3 144 2.4 2.21
162  Philippines 3.4 3.8 155 5.8 159 1.9 3.05
164  Iran (more info) 3.6 3.6 172 4.2 132 2.9 1.45
165  Greece 4.3 3.2 159 5.4 170 1.2 4.50
165  Syriab 2.7 3.2 165 5.2 170 1.2 4.33
167  Venezuela 3.0 3.1 159 5.4 173 1.1 4.91
167  Algeria 3.1 3.1 167 5.0 168 1.3 3.85
167  Egypt 2.6 3.1 170 4.5 161 1.8 2.50
167  Azerbaijan 3.3 3.1 161 5.3 173 1.1 4.82
167  Lebanonb 3.1 3.1 174 4.0 153 2.0 2.00
172  Indonesia 2.9 3.0 170 4.5 164 1.6 2.81
173  United Arab Emiratesb 2.9 2.8 175 3.6 177 0.9 4.00
174  Guatemala 2.5 2.7 172 4.2 166 1.5 2.80
175  Sao Tome and Principe 2.6 175 3.6 163 1.7 2.12
175  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.6 168 4.9 179 0.4 12.2
177  Pakistanb (more info) 2.1 2.5 179 2.5 144 2.4 1.04
178  Bahamasb 1.8 1.6 177 2.9 180 0.4 7.25
179  Bruneib 1.3 1.4 180 1.4 168 1.3 1.08
179  Jamaica 1.4 1.4 178 2.6 181 0.3 8.67
181  Grenada 0.4 182 0.0 178 0.5 0
182  Barbados 0.4 0.3 181 0.5 182 0.1 5.00
183  Antigua and Barbuda 0.0 182 0.0 183 0.0
NC
  1. ^u Data was recently updated (April 2018).
  2. ^b Suicide attempts are illegal in this country, and punishable by imprisonment or other penalties. This might be the reason for the low suicide rate in these countries. See also Suicide legislation.

List by other sources and years (1985–2017)[edit]

Suicide rate per 100,000 people by country (1978-2009).[17]
Suicides per 100,000 people per year[18]
Rank Regions Male Female Average Year
1  Greenland[19][20][21] (more info) 116.9 45.0 83.0 (0.0830%) 2011
2  Lithuania[22] (more info) 65.1 12.4 36.7 (0.0367%) 2013
3  Guyana[17] (more info) 39.0 13.4 26.4 (0.0264%) 2006
4  South Korea[23] (more info) 36.2 15.0 25.6 (0.0256%) 2016
5  Kazakhstan[17] (more info) 43.0 9.4 25.6 (0.0256%) 2008
6  Slovenia[24] 34.6 9.4 21.8 (0.0218%) 2011
7  Sri Lanka[25] (more info) 34.8 9.24 21.3 (0.0213%) 2011
8  Hungary[26] 21.1 (0.0211%) 2013
9  Ukraine[27] (more info) 19.8 (0.0198%) 2012
10  Latvia[28] 19.0 (0.0190%) 2013
11  Belarus[29] 20.5 (0.0205%) 2017
12  Moldova 17.6 (0.0176%) 2008
13  Serbia[30] 24.9 9.0 17.3 (0.0173%) 2011
14  Belgium[31][note 4][32][note 5] 17.0 (0.0170%) 2009
15  Japan[33] (more info) 23.4 10.2 16.8 (0.0168%) 2017
17  Uruguay[34] 16.5 (0.0165%) 2012
18  Croatia[35] 16.3 (0.0163%) 2013
19  Bhutan[36] (more info) 16.2 (0.0162%) 2011
20  Austria 23.8 7.1 15.45 (0.01545%) 2009
21  South Africa[37] 15.4 (0.0154%) 2005
22  Taiwan[38] 20.5 9.7 15.1 (0.0151%) 2011
23  Estonia[39] 27.3 4.5 14.8 (0.0148%) 2010
24  France[39] (more info) 22.8 7.4 14.7 (0.0147%) 2010
25  Suriname 23.9 4.8 14.4 (0.0144%) 2005
 Finland[40] 22.3 6.9 14.4 (0.0144%) 2014
 Europe[41] 23.1 5.8 14.2 (0.0142%) 2008
28  United States[42] (more info) 21.8 6.0 13.9 (0.0126%) 2016
29  Poland 13.8 (0.0138%) 2017
30  Russia[43] (more info) 13.7 (0.0137%) 2017
31  Bosnia and Herzegovina[44] 13.6 (0.0136%) 2012
32  Czech Republic 12.8 (0.0128%) 2010
33  Germany[45] 18.9 6.4 12.5 (0.0125%) 2013
34  Cuba 19.0 5.5 12.3 (0.0123%) 2008
 Bulgaria 18.8 6.2 12.3 (0.0123%) 2008
 New Zealand[46][47] 19.0 5.8 12.3 (0.0123%) 2014–15
 Hong Kong[48] 16.2 8.8 12.3 (0.0123%) 2011
38  Sweden[49] (more info) 17.3 6.9 12.0 (0.0120%) 2012
 Portugal[32][50] 20 4.0 12.0 (0.0120%) 2015
40  Romania 20.8 3.7 11.9 (0.0119%) 2009
 Norway 14.0 5.0 11.9 (0.0119%) 2012
42  United Kingdom[51][note 6] (more info) 18.2 5.1 11.8 (0.0118%) 2011
43  Canada[52] (more info) 16.9 5.3 11.5 (0.0115%) 2009
44  Iceland[53] 18.3 4.6 11.3 (0.0113%) 2009
45  Chile 18.2 4.2 11.2 (0.0112%) 2007
46   Switzerland[54] (more info) 17 5.8 11.2 (0.0112%) 2011
47  Netherlands[32] 18.0 6.0 12.0 (0.0012%) 2015
48  Trinidad and Tobago 17.9 3.8 10.7 (0.0107%) 2006
49  India (more info) 13.0 7.8 10.5 (0.0105%) 2009
50  Ireland[55] 17.4 3.4 10.3 (0.0103%) 2013
 Singapore[56] 13.3 7.3 10.3 (0.0103%) 2012
52  Australia[57] (more info) 12.0 (0.012%) 2014
53  Slovakia[32] 17.4 2.8 9.9 (0.0099%) 2011
54 China China[58] (more info) 9.8 (0.0098%) 2014
55  Kyrgyzstan 14.1 3.6 8.8 (0.0088%) 2009
56  Turkmenistan 13.8 3.5 8.6 (0.0086%) 1998
57  Spain[59] (more info) 12.7 4.1 8.3 (0.0083%) 2013
58  Republic of Macedonia[32] 12.6 3.9 8.0 (0.008%) 2009
 El Salvador 12.9 3.6 8.0 (0.008%) 2008
59  Italy 12.7 3.8 8.0 (0.0080%) 2016
60  Zimbabwe 10.6 5.2 7.9 (0.0079%) 1990
61  Luxembourg[32] 13.2 2.9 7.8 (0.0078%) 2008
62  Argentina 12.6 3.0 7.7 (0.0077%) 2008
63  Ecuador 10.5 3.6 7.1 (0.0071%) 2009
64  Mauritius 11.8 1.9 6.8 (0.0068%) 2008
65  Costa Rica 10.2 1.9 6.1 (0.0061%) 2009
66  Thailand[60] 9.7 2.58 6.03 (0.0613%) 2013
67  Mongolia 8.6 3.1 5.85 (0.0058%) 2011
68  Israel[61] 9.9 2.1 5.8 (0.0058%) 2007
 Nicaragua 9.0 2.6 5.8 (0.0058%) 2006
70  Panama 9.0 1.9 5.5 (0.0055%) 2008
71  Colombia 7.9 2.0 4.9 (0.0049%) 2007
72  Brazil 7.7 2.0 4.8 (0.0048%) 2008
 Iran[62][63] (more info) 3.9 2.1 4.8 (0.0048%) 2013
74  Uzbekistan 7.0 2.3 4.7 (0.0047%) 2005
75  Cambodia 4.6 (0.0046%) 2008
76  Georgia 7.1 1.7 4.3 (0.0043%) 2009
77  Turkey[64] 4.19 (0.00419%) 2013
78  Albania[65] 4.7 3.3 4.0 (0.004%) 2003
 Mexico 6.8 1.3 4.0 (0.004%) 2008
80  Honduras[66] 3.84 (0.00384%) 2011
81  Bahrain 4.0 3.5 3.8 (0.0038%) 2006
82  Belize 6.6 0.7 3.7 (0.0037%) 2008
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5.4 1.9 3.7 (0.0037%) 2008
84  Paraguay 5.1 2.0 3.6 (0.0036%) 2008
 Cyprus[32] 5.9 1.3 3.6 (0.0036%) 2009
 Guatemala 5.6 1.7 3.6 (0.0036%) 2008
87  Barbados 7.3 0.0 3.5 (0.0035%) 2006
 Greece 6.1 1.0 3.5 (0.0035%) 2009
89  Malta 5.9 1.0 3.4 (0.0034%) 2008
90  Venezuela 5.3 1.2 3.2 (0.0032%) 2007
91  Philippines[67] 4.5 1.0 2.75 (0.00275%) 2005
92  Tajikistan 2.9 2.3 2.6 (0.0026%) 2001
93  Saint Lucia 4.9 0.0 2.4 (0.0024%) 2005
94  Dominican Republic 3.9 0.7 2.3 (0.0023%) 2005
95  Armenia 2.8 1.1 1.9 (0.0019%) 2008
96  Kuwait 1.9 1.7 1.8 (0.0018%) 2009
97  The Bahamas 1.9 0.6 1.2 (0.0012%) 2005
98  Pakistan[68] (more info) 1.45 0.71 1.10 (0.0011%) 2012
99  Peru 1.1 0.6 0.9 (0.0009%) 2000
 São Tomé and Príncipe 0.0 1.8 0.9 (0.0009%) 1987
101  Azerbaijan 1.0 0.3 0.6 (0.0006%) 2007
102  Maldives 0.7 0.0 0.3 (0.0003%) 2005
103  Jamaica 0.3 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 1990
 Syria 0.2 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 1985
 Jordan[69] 0.2 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 2008
 Egypt 0.1 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 2009
107  Grenada 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2008
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 1995
 Antigua and Barbuda 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 1995
 Haiti 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2003
   Nepal (more info) 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2003


Countries by income group
Estimated numbers and rates of suicide by income group, 2012[70]
Income group (% of global pop) Suicides, 2012
(in thousands)
Global % Rate
(2012)
Male:Female
(2012)
High-income countries (18.3%) 197 24.5% 12.7 3.5 : 1
Upper-middle-income countries (34.3%) 192 23.8% 7.5 1.3 : 1
Lower-middle-income countries (35.4%) 333 41.4% 14.1 1.7 : 1
Low-income countries (12.0%) 82 10.2% 13.4 1.7 : 1
Global  (100.0%) 804 100.0% 11.4 1.9 : 1

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Data updated in April 2017. Since April 2018, a revision for 2015 rates is available at World Health Organization's website, including year 2016 rates.[11]
  2. ^ a b To proportion and compare the prevalence of suicide for different countries, WHO adjusts for age (age-standardization) every country's crude mortality rate based on demographic parameters and general mortality data (life expectancy) including other relevant statistical data such as median population ages, sex ratios and age distribution (i.e. age-groups), enhancing cross-national comparability. Another way to think of it, is that since populations age structures are often very different, but the likelihood of dying by suicide is generally increased with age, in order to avoid masking the sensible differences given by each country's age distributions, countries' rates are reciprocally weighted into the overall trend to globally frame national suicide rates, and the epidemiological prevalence of suicide. Age-standardization works over time as a measure of the prevalence of suicide across diversely populated countries, by rounding down when populations are composed of a higher percentage of older people compared to the "standard" population, and viceversa.
  3. ^ Europe is the most suicidal region of the world according to crude rates.[8][7]
  4. ^ Recently released figures by official Belgian authorities suggest a considerably higher rate of 17.0 persons (total) per 100,000 people per annum in 2009 (5,712 cases in a population of 10,749,000 (=10,666,866 as of 1 January 2008 increasing by 0,77% per annum.) as of 1 January 2009)."Toenemend aantal zelfdodingen in Belgie" (in Dutch). 2011. [permanent dead link]
  5. ^ The number of death in Belgium in 2008 due to suicide "zichzelf schade toebrengen" was reported at 2000 out of a total of 103.760 death. These death comprise 1453 men and 547 women. This puts the suicide rate at about 19 per 100.000. See statbel: http://statbel.fgov.be/nl/binaries/NL%20-%20Tableau%201%2E3_T_2008_tcm325-168456.pdf Archived 28 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ These indicated rates refer to aged 15 and over.
  • The updated figure of suicide rates in Belgium for 2011 is 2,084 on a total population of 10,933,607, equivalent to 18.96 per 100,000 inhabitants (source: Het Nieuwsblad, 10 April 2014).

References[edit]

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External links[edit]