List of countries by suicide rate

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The following is a list of suicide rates by country according to data from the World Health Organization (WHO) and other sources.

A country's rank is determined by its age-adjusted total rate (per 100,000 population) of deaths officially recorded as suicides in the most recent available year. The WHO statistics are based on the official reports from each respective country, therefore no more accurate than the record-keeping in the specific country, and revisions (updates) are usually performed as well.[1]

About one person in 5,000–15,000 dies by suicide every year (1.4% of all deaths), with a reported global rate of 10.7 per 100,000 population in 2015 (was 11.6 in 2008). In Western countries male and female rates of suicidal behaviors differ at a greater degree compared to those in the rest of the world.[2][3][4] Around 30% of global suicides are due to pesticide self-poisoning, most of which occur in rural agricultural areas in low- and middle-income countries consisting in about 80% world population; some of them are forbidden by United Nations (UN) conventions.[5][6] In high-income countries consisting of the remaining 20% world population most common methods are firearms, hanging and other self-poisoning. Europe is the most suicidal region in the entire world, while the Eastern Mediterranean the least.[7][8]

A 2014 overview pointed at the economic crisis' years (2007-2008) as a period from which suicide rates surged globally. The study was about China's suicide rates which have been declining instead: in the 1990s China was among the countries with highest suicide rates in the world (above 20 per 100,000), but by the global economic crisis they kept dropping as significantly (as they were by the end of 1990s) with the main force having been migration from rural to urban areas.[9] The same years were also a turning point for reliability of data: before then, many countries had no official rates, particularly African countries (see map).

Per recent WHO releases, social stigma, the taboo to openly discuss suicide, and low availability of data lead to poor data quality for both suicide and suicide attempts: "given the sensitivity of suicide – and the illegality of suicidal behaviour in some countries – it is likely that under-reporting and misclassification are greater problems for suicide than for most other causes of death."[10][2]

In much of the world, suicide is stigmatized and condemned for religious or cultural reasons. In some countries, suicidal behaviour is a criminal offence punishable by law. Suicide is therefore often a secretive act surrounded by taboo, and may be unrecognized, misclassified or deliberately hidden in official records of death.[2]

— World Health Organization (2002)

List by the World Health Organization (2016)

Source: World Health Organization[note 1][note 2]

Male–Female ratios of suicide rates. Red means higher prevalence of male suicides. Below are the male and female suicide rates used to derive the ratios.[12]
  No data
  Less than 1.0 : 1
  Less than 1.7 : 1
  Less than 3.0 : 1
  Less than 4.0 : 1
  Above (or equal to) 4.0 : 1

The World Health Organization (WHO) divides the world into six WHO regions (more detailed sub-regional statistics are available at its official website). Incidence of suicide tends to be under-reported and misclassified due to both cultural and social pressures, and possibly completely unreported in some areas. Since data might be skewed, comparing suicide rates between nations can result in statistically unsound conclusions about suicidal behavior in different countries. Nevertheless the statistics are commonly used to directly influence decisions about public policy and public health strategies.[13]

Suicide rates by WHO region in 2016 (per 100 000 people)[11][14]
WHO region Crude rateu Age-standardized rate Crude male rateu Crude female rateu Male–Female ratiou
Southeast Asia
13.2 13.40 14.8 11.6 1.28
Africa
7.4 11.96 9.9 4.8 2.06
Europe[note 3]
15.4 12.85 24.7 6.6 3.74
Western Pacific
10.2 8.45 10.9 9.4 1.16
Americas
9.8 9.25 15.1 4.6 3.28
Eastern Mediterranean    
3.9 4.30 5.1 2.7 1.89
10.6 10.53 13.5 7.7 1.75

Male and female suicide rates are out of total male population and total female population, respectively (i.e. total number of male suicides divided by total male population). Age-standardized rates account for the influence that different population age distributions might have on the analysis of crude death rates, statistically addressing the prevailing trends by age-groups and populations' structures, to enhance cross-national comparability: based on age-groups' deviation from standardized population structures, rates are rounded up or down (age-adjustment). If rounded down means the median life expectancy is higher than average, and viceversa when rounded up.

Though age-standardization is common statistical process to categorize mortality data for comparing purposes, this approach often results in rates differing from the official national statistics prepared and endorsed by individual countries, and crude rates are usually available as well. Age-adjusted rates are mortality rates that would have existed if all populations under study had the same age distribution as a "standard" population.

Most countries listed below report a higher male suicide rate, as on average there are about 3 male suicides out of 4, or a factor of 3-4:1 (for example,[15] in the United States was 3.36 in 2015, and 3.53 in 2016). This Male:Female ratio is based on the age-standardized rates (so when rounded up means women's life expectancy is likely greater than that of men's for that country, and viceversa if rounded down).

Suicides per 100,000 people per year (age standardized)[16]
Both sexes
rank
Country Both sexes Male
rank
Male Female
rank
Female
1  Guyana (more info) 30.2 3 46.6 5 14.2
2  Lesotho 28.9 25 22.7 1 32.6
3  Russia (more info) 26.5 1 48.3 31 7.5
4  Lithuania (more info) 25.7 2 47.5 37 6.7
5  Suriname 23.2 6 36.1 13 10.9
6  Cote d'Ivoire 23.0 8 32.0 8 13.0
7  Kazakhstan (more info) 22.8 4 40.1 28 7.7
8  Equatorial Guinea 22.0 9 31.3 15 10.8
9  Belarus 21.4 5 39.3 45 6.2
10  South Korea (more info) 20.2 11 29.6 11 11.6
11  Ugandab 20.0 37 21.2 2 18.7
12  Cameroon (more info) 19.5 13 26.9 10 12.5
13  Zimbabwe 19.1 12 29.1 12 11.1
14  Ukraine (more info) 18.5 7 34.5 81 4.7
15  Nigeria 17.3 56 17.5 3 17.1
16  Latvia 17.2 10 31.0 71 5.1
17  Swaziland 16.7 17 25.4 17 9.6
18  Togo 16.6 25 22.7 13 10.9
19  India (more info) 16.5 46 18.5 4 14.5
19  Uruguay 16.5 14 26.8 34 7.1
21  Sierra Leone 16.1 50 18.2 5 14.2
22  Benin 15.7 27 22.6 17 9.6
22  Belgium 15.7 31 22.2 19 9.4
24  Chad 15.5 63 17.1 7 13.8
25  Kiribati 15.2 15 25.9 63 5.4
26  Cabo Verde 15.1 19 24.1 28 7.7
27  Burundi 15.0 24 23.1 28 7.7
28  Burkina Faso 14.8 28 22.4 20 9.1
29  Estonia 14.4 16 25.6 89 4.4
30  Japan (more info) 14.3 40 20.5 25 8.1
31  Sri Lanka (more info) 14.2 22 23.3 45 6.2
32  Finland 13.8 39 20.8 36 6.8
32  Eritrea 13.8 28 22.4 53 6.1
34  United States (more info) 13.7 38 21.1 42 6.4
35  Hungary 13.6 31 22.2 45 6.2
36  El Salvador 13.5 18 24.8 90 4.3
37  Liberia 13.4 87 13.8 8 13.0
37  Moldova 13.4 19 24.1 99 3.8
37  Poland 13.4 21 23.9 115 3.4
40  Iceland 13.3 34 21.7 81 4.7
40  Slovenia 13.3 28 22.4 88 4.5
40  Mongolia 13.3 22 23.3 99 3.8
43  Bolivia 12.9 64 16.9 21 8.9
43  Thailand 12.9 36 21.4 79 4.8
43  Trinidad and Tobago 12.9 33 21.9 90 4.3
46  South Africa 12.8 34 21.7 71 5.1
47  Haiti 12.2 48 18.3 42 6.4
48  France (more info) 12.1 52 17.9 40 6.5
49  Nicaragua 11.9 43 19.2 74 5.0
50  Senegal 11.8 41 20.3 68 5.2
51  Sweden (more info) 11.7 69 15.8 32 7.4
51  Australia (more info) 11.7 59 17.4 56 6.0
53  Bhutan (more info) 11.6 87 13.8 21 8.9
53  New Zealand 11.6 60 17.3 45 6.2
53  Central African Republic 11.6 51 18.0 56 6.0
56  Botswana 11.5 48 18.3 61 5.7
56  Croatia 11.5 44 18.8 71 5.1
56  Namibia 11.5 42 19.4 76 4.9
59  Austria 11.4 56 17.5 61 5.7
59  Ethiopia 11.4 45 18.7 81 4.7
61   Switzerland (more info) 11.3 69 15.8 35 6.9
61  Zambia 11.3 56 17.5 45 6.2
61  Micronesia 11.3 67 16.2 45 6.2
64  Comoros 11.1 54 17.6 63 5.4
65  Rwanda 11.0 64 16.9 56 6.0
66  Serbia 10.9 60 17.3 68 5.2
66  Ireland 10.9 54 17.6 94 4.2
68  North Koreab 10.6 78 14.8 26 8.0
69  Guinea 10.5 100 12.7 23 8.4
69  Czech Republic 10.5 62 17.2 94 4.2
69  Dominican Republic 10.5 52 17.9 118 3.2
72  Canada (more info) 10.4 72 15.1 59 5.8
72  Luxembourg 10.4 73 15.0 59 5.8
74  Norway 10.1 90 13.6 40 6.5
74  Cuba 10.1 66 16.4 96 4.1
74  Slovakia 10.1 47 18.4 137 2.6
77  Gambia 10.0 98 12.8 33 7.3
78  Yemenb 9.8 93 13.4 45 6.2
79  Democratic Republic of the Congo 9.7 73 15.0 76 4.9
79  Chile 9.7 68 16.0 99 3.8
81    Nepal (more info) 9.6 112 11.4 26 8.0
81  Netherlands 9.6 96 12.9 42 6.4
81  Tanzaniab 9.6 81 14.3 63 5.4
81  Gabon 9.6 73 15.0 90 4.3
81  Sudan 9.5 80 14.5 85 4.6
86  Paraguay 9.3 104 12.3 45 6.2
86  Laos 9.3 96 12.9 53 6.1
86  Congo 9.3 85 13.9 74 5.0
89  Denmark 9.2 94 13.2 68 5.2
90  Germany 9.1 90 13.6 79 4.8
90  Kyrgyzstan 9.1 78 14.8 105 3.7
90  Argentina 9.1 73 15.0 113 3.5
93  Niger 9.0 109 11.5 37 6.7
94  Mali 8.9 92 13.5 81 4.7
94  Angola 8.9 83 14.0 85 4.6
96  Ghanab 8.7 69 15.8 128 2.9
97  Portugal 8.6 82 14.3 99 3.8
98  Djibouti 8.5 107 11.9 67 5.3
99  Mozambique (more info) 8.4 83 14.0 96 4.1
100  Somalia 8.3 109 11.5 63 5.4
100  Seychelles 8.3 73 15.0 152 2.1
102  Myanmar 8.1 152 6.3 16 9.8
103  China (more info) 8.0 143 7.9 24 8.3
103  Romania 8.0 85 13.9 141 2.4
105  Singaporeb 7.9 114 11.1 76 4.9
105  Montenegro 7.9 102 12.6 108 3.6
105  Bulgaria 7.9 95 13.1 118 3.2
108  Malawi 7.8 89 13.7 118 3.2
109  United Kingdom (more info) 7.6 107 11.9 113 3.5
110  Mauritania 7.5 106 12.1 108 3.6
110  Costa Rica 7.5 98 12.8 143 2.3
112  Guinea-Bissau 7.4 132 8.9 53 6.1
112  Uzbekistan 7.4 121 10.3 85 4.6
114  Mauritius 7.3 103 12.5 147 2.2
114  Saint Lucia 7.3 100 12.7 152 2.1
116  Ecuador 7.2 117 10.7 99 3.8
116  Turkmenistan 7.2 115 11.0 105 3.7
116  Turkey 7.2 113 11.3 118 3.2
119  Papua New Guineab 7.0 123 10.2 99 3.8
119  Vietnam 7.0 116 10.8 115 3.4
119  Colombia 7.0 109 11.5 130 2.8
122  Madagascar 6.9 120 10.5 108 3.6
123  Georgia 6.7 104 12.3 160 1.9
124  Malta 6.5 121 10.3 130 2.8
125  Timor-Leste 6.4 130 9.0 105 3.7
125  Bosnia and Herzegovina 6.4 118 10.6 139 2.5
125  Afghanistan 6.4 118 10.6 152 2.1
128  Malaysiab 6.2 134 8.7 108 3.6
128  Republic of Macedonia 6.2 126 9.7 127 3.0
130  Bangladeshb (more info) 6.1 155 5.5 37 6.7
130  South Sudanb 6.1 139 8.3 96 4.1
130  Spain (more info) 6.1 129 9.3 124 3.1
130  Brazil 6.1 126 9.7 130 2.8
134  Cambodia 5.9 130 9.0 118 3.2
134  Solomon Islands 5.9 137 8.5 118 3.2
134  Belize 5.9 125 9.9 158 2.0
137  Qatar 5.8 147 7.3 173 1.1
138  Bahrain 5.7 143 7.9 152 2.1
138  Armenia 5.7 124 10.1 158 2.0
140  Albania 5.6 150 7.0 90 4.3
140  Kenyab 5.6 126 9.7 152 2.1
142  Italy 5.5 138 8.4 137 2.6
142  Fiji 5.5 133 8.8 139 2.5
142  Libya 5.5 134 8.7 143 2.3
145  Vanuatu 5.4 142 8.1 134 2.7
145  Samoa 5.4 134 8.7 147 2.2
147  Israel 5.2 140 8.2 141 2.4
147  Mexico 5.2 140 8.2 143 2.3
149  Peru 5.1 145 7.6 134 2.7
150  Bruneib 4.5 153 6.2 130 2.8
150  Cyprusb 4.5 148 7.2 160 1.9
152  Egypt 4.4 148 7.2 163 1.7
152  Panama 4.4 145 7.6 171 1.2
154  Iraq 4.1 164 4.7 115 3.4
155  Iran (more info) 4.0 161 4.9 124 3.1
156  Tonga 4.0 157 5.2 128 2.9
158  Greece 3.8 154 6.1 170 1.5
156  Venezuela 3.8 151 6.6 171 1.2
159  Jordanb 3.7 164 4.7 134 2.7
159  Philippines 3.7 157 5.2 143 2.3
159  Indonesia 3.7 157 5.2 147 2.2
162  Omanb 3.5 163 4.8 177 0.9
163  Honduras 3.4 156 5.3 163 1.7
163  Saudi Arabiab 3.4 166 4.6 163 1.7
165  Algeria 3.3 161 4.9 162 1.8
165  Tajikistan 3.3 160 5.0 163 1.7
167  Tunisia 3.2 167 4.4 147 2.2
167  Lebanonb 3.2 170 4.2 147 2.2
169  Morocco 3.1 179 2.5 108 3.6
169  Pakistanb (more info) 3.1 177 3.0 124 3.1
169  Sao Tome and Principe 3.1 170 4.2 152 2.1
172  Guatemala 2.9 167 4.4 163 1.7
173  Maldives 2.7 174 3.6 169 1.6
173  United Arab Emiratesb 2.7 175 3.5 181 0.8
175  Azerbaijan 2.6 169 4.3 175 1.0
176  Syriab 2.4 173 3.8 173 1.1
176  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.4 172 3.9 177 0.9
178  Kuwait 2.2 179 2.5 163 1.7
179  Jamaica 2.0 176 3.2 177 0.9
180  Grenada 1.7 181 2.1 175 1.0
181  Bahamasb 1.6 178 2.8 182 0.5
182  Antigua and Barbuda 0.5 183 0.0 177 0.9
183  Barbados 0.4 182 0.8 183 0.3
  1. ^u Data was recently updated (April 2018).
  2. ^b Suicide attempts are illegal in this country, and punishable by imprisonment or other penalties. This might be the reason for the low suicide rate in these countries. See also Suicide legislation.

List by other sources and years (1985–2017)

Suicide rate per 100,000 people by country (1978-2009).[17]
Suicides per 100,000 people per year[18]
Rank Regions Male Female Average Year
1  Greenland[19][20][21] (more info) 116.9 45.0 83.0 (0.0830%) 2011
2  Lithuania[22] (more info) 65.1 12.4 36.7 (0.0367%) 2013
3  Guyana[17] (more info) 39.0 13.4 26.4 (0.0264%) 2006
4  South Korea[23] (more info) 36.2 15.0 25.6 (0.0256%) 2016
5  Kazakhstan[17] (more info) 43.0 9.4 25.6 (0.0256%) 2008
6  Slovenia[24] 34.6 9.4 21.8 (0.0218%) 2011
7  Sri Lanka[25] (more info) 34.8 9.24 21.3 (0.0213%) 2011
8  Hungary[26] 21.1 (0.0211%) 2013
9  Ukraine[27] (more info) 19.8 (0.0198%) 2012
10  Latvia[28] 19.0 (0.0190%) 2013
11  Belarus[29] 20.5 (0.0205%) 2017
12  Moldova 17.6 (0.0176%) 2008
13  Serbia[30] 24.9 9.0 17.3 (0.0173%) 2011
14  Belgium[31][note 4][32][note 5] 17.0 (0.0170%) 2009
15  Japan[33] (more info) 23.4 10.2 16.8 (0.0168%) 2017
17  Uruguay[34] 16.5 (0.0165%) 2012
18  Croatia[35] 16.3 (0.0163%) 2013
19  Bhutan[36] (more info) 16.2 (0.0162%) 2011
20  Austria 23.8 7.1 15.45 (0.01545%) 2009
21  South Africa[37] 15.4 (0.0154%) 2005
22  Taiwan[38] 20.5 9.7 15.1 (0.0151%) 2011
23  Estonia[39] 27.3 4.5 14.8 (0.0148%) 2010
24  France[39] (more info) 22.8 7.4 14.7 (0.0147%) 2010
25  Suriname 23.9 4.8 14.4 (0.0144%) 2005
 Finland[40] 22.3 6.9 14.4 (0.0144%) 2014
 Europe[41] 23.1 5.8 14.2 (0.0142%) 2008
28  United States[42] (more info) 21.8 6.0 13.9 (0.0126%) 2016
29  Poland 13.8 (0.0138%) 2017
30  Russia[43] (more info) 13.7 (0.0137%) 2017
31  Bosnia and Herzegovina[44] 13.6 (0.0136%) 2012
32  Czech Republic 12.8 (0.0128%) 2010
33  Germany[45] 18.9 6.4 12.5 (0.0125%) 2013
34  Cuba 19.0 5.5 12.3 (0.0123%) 2008
 Bulgaria 18.8 6.2 12.3 (0.0123%) 2008
 New Zealand[46][47] 19.0 5.8 12.3 (0.0123%) 2014–15
 Hong Kong[48] 16.2 8.8 12.3 (0.0123%) 2011
38  Sweden[49] (more info) 17.3 6.9 12.0 (0.0120%) 2012
 Portugal[32][50] 20 4.0 12.0 (0.0120%) 2015
40  Romania 20.8 3.7 11.9 (0.0119%) 2009
 Norway 14.0 5.0 11.9 (0.0119%) 2012
42  United Kingdom[51][note 6] (more info) 18.2 5.1 11.8 (0.0118%) 2011
43  Canada[52] (more info) 16.9 5.3 11.5 (0.0115%) 2009
44  Iceland[53] 18.3 4.6 11.3 (0.0113%) 2009
45  Chile 18.2 4.2 11.2 (0.0112%) 2007
46   Switzerland[54] (more info) 17 5.8 11.2 (0.0112%) 2011
47  Netherlands[32] 18.0 6.0 12.0 (0.0012%) 2015
48  Trinidad and Tobago 17.9 3.8 10.7 (0.0107%) 2006
49  India (more info) 13.0 7.8 10.5 (0.0105%) 2009
50  Ireland[55] 17.4 3.4 10.3 (0.0103%) 2013
 Singapore[56] 13.3 7.3 10.3 (0.0103%) 2012
52  Australia[57] (more info) 12.0 (0.012%) 2014
53  Slovakia[32] 17.4 2.8 9.9 (0.0099%) 2011
54 China China[58] (more info) 9.8 (0.0098%) 2014
55  Kyrgyzstan 14.1 3.6 8.8 (0.0088%) 2009
56  Turkmenistan 13.8 3.5 8.6 (0.0086%) 1998
57  Spain[59] (more info) 12.7 4.1 8.3 (0.0083%) 2013
58  Republic of Macedonia[32] 12.6 3.9 8.0 (0.008%) 2009
 El Salvador 12.9 3.6 8.0 (0.008%) 2008
59  Italy 12.7 3.8 8.0 (0.0080%) 2016
60  Zimbabwe 10.6 5.2 7.9 (0.0079%) 1990
61  Luxembourg[32] 13.2 2.9 7.8 (0.0078%) 2008
62  Argentina 12.6 3.0 7.7 (0.0077%) 2008
63  Ecuador 10.5 3.6 7.1 (0.0071%) 2009
64  Mauritius 11.8 1.9 6.8 (0.0068%) 2008
65  Costa Rica 10.2 1.9 6.1 (0.0061%) 2009
66  Thailand[60] 9.7 2.58 6.03 (0.0613%) 2013
67  Mongolia 8.6 3.1 5.85 (0.0058%) 2011
68  Israel[61] 9.9 2.1 5.8 (0.0058%) 2007
 Nicaragua 9.0 2.6 5.8 (0.0058%) 2006
70  Panama 9.0 1.9 5.5 (0.0055%) 2008
71  Colombia 7.9 2.0 4.9 (0.0049%) 2007
72  Brazil 7.7 2.0 4.8 (0.0048%) 2008
 Iran[62][63] (more info) 3.9 2.1 4.8 (0.0048%) 2013
74  Uzbekistan 7.0 2.3 4.7 (0.0047%) 2005
75  Cambodia 4.6 (0.0046%) 2008
76  Georgia 7.1 1.7 4.3 (0.0043%) 2009
77  Turkey[64] 4.19 (0.00419%) 2013
78  Albania[65] 4.7 3.3 4.0 (0.004%) 2003
 Mexico 6.8 1.3 4.0 (0.004%) 2008
80  Honduras[66] 3.84 (0.00384%) 2011
81  Bahrain 4.0 3.5 3.8 (0.0038%) 2006
82  Belize 6.6 0.7 3.7 (0.0037%) 2008
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5.4 1.9 3.7 (0.0037%) 2008
84  Paraguay 5.1 2.0 3.6 (0.0036%) 2008
 Cyprus[32] 5.9 1.3 3.6 (0.0036%) 2009
 Guatemala 5.6 1.7 3.6 (0.0036%) 2008
87  Barbados 7.3 0.0 3.5 (0.0035%) 2006
 Greece 6.1 1.0 3.5 (0.0035%) 2009
89  Malta 5.9 1.0 3.4 (0.0034%) 2008
90  Venezuela 5.3 1.2 3.2 (0.0032%) 2007
91  Philippines[67] 4.5 1.0 2.75 (0.00275%) 2005
92  Tajikistan 2.9 2.3 2.6 (0.0026%) 2001
93  Saint Lucia 4.9 0.0 2.4 (0.0024%) 2005
94  Dominican Republic 3.9 0.7 2.3 (0.0023%) 2005
95  Armenia 2.8 1.1 1.9 (0.0019%) 2008
96  Kuwait 1.9 1.7 1.8 (0.0018%) 2009
97  The Bahamas 1.9 0.6 1.2 (0.0012%) 2005
98  Pakistan[68] (more info) 1.45 0.71 1.10 (0.0011%) 2012
99  Peru 1.1 0.6 0.9 (0.0009%) 2000
 São Tomé and Príncipe 0.0 1.8 0.9 (0.0009%) 1987
101  Azerbaijan 1.0 0.3 0.6 (0.0006%) 2007
102  Maldives 0.7 0.0 0.3 (0.0003%) 2005
103  Jamaica 0.3 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 1990
 Syria 0.2 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 1985
 Jordan[69] 0.2 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 2008
 Egypt 0.1 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 2009
107  Grenada 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2008
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 1995
 Antigua and Barbuda 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 1995
 Haiti 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2003
   Nepal (more info) 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2003


Countries by income group
Estimated numbers and rates of suicide by income group, 2012[70]
Income group (% of global pop) Suicides, 2012
(in thousands)
Global % Rate
(2012)
Male:Female
(2012)
High-income countries (18.3%) 197 24.5% 12.7 3.5 : 1
Upper-middle-income countries (34.3%) 192 23.8% 7.5 1.3 : 1
Lower-middle-income countries (35.4%) 333 41.4% 14.1 1.7 : 1
Low-income countries (12.0%) 82 10.2% 13.4 1.7 : 1
Global  (100.0%) 804 100.0% 11.4 1.9 : 1
2010 suicide rates in high-income OECD countries, based on data from the World Health Organization.[71]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Data updated in April 2017. Since April 2018, a revision for 2015 rates is available at World Health Organization's website, including year 2016 rates.[11]
  2. ^ To proportion and compare the prevalence of suicide for different countries, WHO adjusts for age (age-standardization) every country's crude mortality rate based on demographic parameters and general mortality data (life expectancy) including other relevant statistical data such as median population ages, sex ratios and age distribution (i.e. age-groups), enhancing cross-national comparability. Another way to think of it, is that since populations age structures are often very different, but the likelihood of dying by suicide is generally increased with age, in order to avoid masking the sensible differences given by each country's age distributions, countries' rates are reciprocally weighted into the overall trend to globally frame national suicide rates, and the epidemiological prevalence of suicide. Age-standardization works over time as a measure of the prevalence of suicide across diversely populated countries, by rounding down when populations are composed of a higher percentage of older people compared to the "standard" population, and viceversa.
  3. ^ Europe is the most suicidal region of the world according to crude rates.[8][7]
  4. ^ Recently released figures by official Belgian authorities suggest a considerably higher rate of 17.0 persons (total) per 100,000 people per annum in 2009 (5,712 cases in a population of 10,749,000 (=10,666,866 as of 1 January 2008 increasing by 0,77% per annum.) as of 1 January 2009)."Toenemend aantal zelfdodingen in Belgie" (in Dutch). 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-12-05.
  5. ^ The number of death in Belgium in 2008 due to suicide "zichzelf schade toebrengen" was reported at 2000 out of a total of 103.760 death. These death comprise 1453 men and 547 women. This puts the suicide rate at about 19 per 100.000. See statbel: http://statbel.fgov.be/nl/binaries/NL%20-%20Tableau%201%2E3_T_2008_tcm325-168456.pdf Archived 28 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ These indicated rates refer to aged 15 and over.
  • The updated figure of suicide rates in Belgium for 2011 is 2,084 on a total population of 10,933,607, equivalent to 18.96 per 100,000 inhabitants (source: Het Nieuwsblad, 10 April 2014).

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External links