List of countries by the number of recognized official languages

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This is a list of countries sorted by the population and the number of recognized official languages.

Rank Country (or dependent territory) Population Date Source Number of official languages
Statewide Regional
1  China[1] 1,354,040,000 December 31, 2012 Official estimate 1 (Standard Chinese) Many
2  India 1,210,193,422 March 1, 2011 2011 census 2 (Hindi, English)[2] 22
3  United States 315,245,000 January 31, 2013 Official population clock None at federal level Vary by states (mostly English)
4  Indonesia 237,641,326 May 1, 2010 2010 census 1 (Indonesian) none
5  Brazil 193,946,886 July 1, 2012 Official estimate 1 (Portuguese) Several co-official languages

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Census figure refers to mainland China, excluding its Special Administrative Regions (SARs) of Hong Kong and Macau. The first one returned to Chinese sovereignty in mid-1997 and the second one did so on December 20, 1999.
  2. ^ "Constitutional Provisions: Official Language Related Part-17 of The Constitution Of India". Department of Official Language, Government of India. Retrieved 1 July 2015.