List of countries by traffic-related death rate

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Death rates from road traffic accidents by country, per 100,000 inhabitants, world map (WHO 2012).[1][nb 1]

Legend

  no data
  less than 5
  5-10
  10-15
  15-20
  20-25
  25-30
  30-35
  35-40
  more than 40

This list of countries by traffic-related death rate shows the annual number of road fatalities per capita per year, per amount of motor vehicles and per vehicle-km in some countries in the year the data was collected.

According to the World Health Organization, road traffic injuries caused an estimated 1.25 million deaths worldwide in the year 2010. That is, one person is killed every 25 seconds. Only 28 countries, representing 449 million people (7% of the world's population), have adequate laws that address all five risk factors (speed, drink–driving, helmets, seat-belts and child restraints). Over a third of road traffic deaths in low- and middle-income countries are among pedestrians and cyclists. However, less than 35% of low- and middle-income countries have policies in place to protect these road users.[2]

The average rate was 17.4 per 100,000 people. Low-income countries now have the highest annual road traffic fatality rates, at 24.1 per 100,000, while the rate in high-income countries is lowest, at 9.2 per 100,000.[2]

74% of road traffic deaths occur in middle-income countries, which account for only 53% of the world's registered vehicles. In low-income countries it is even worse. Only 1% of the world's registered cars produce 16% of world's road traffic deaths. This indicates that these countries bear a disproportionately high burden of road traffic deaths relative to their level of motorization.[2]

There are large disparities in road traffic death rates between regions. The risk of dying as a result of a road traffic injury is highest in the African Region (increasing 26.6 per 100 000 population), and lowest in the European Region (decreasing 9.3 per 100 000).[2]

Half of the world's road traffic deaths occur among motorcyclists (23%), pedestrians (22%) and cyclists (5%) – i.e. "vulnerable road users" – with 31% of deaths among car occupants and the remaining 19% among unspecified road users.[3]

Adults aged between 15 and 44 years account for 59% of global road traffic deaths. 77% road deaths are among men.[3]

The total fatalities figures comes from the WHO report (table A2, column point estimate, pp. 264–271) and are often an adjusted number of road traffic fatalities in order to reflect the different reporting and counting methods among the many countries (e.g. "a death after how many days since accident event is still counted as a road fatality?" (by standard adjusted to a 30 days period), or "to compensate for underreporting in some countries", see WHO report pp. 62–74).[2][4]

List[edit]

The table shows that the highest death tolls tend to be in African countries, and the lowest in European countries. The table first lists geograhic regions before alphabetically sorted countries. A comparison between left-handed and right-handed traffic cannot be done without taking into account a variety of confounding factors such as the degree of compliance with traffic regulations, the level of policing, GDP per capita, the median/mode of the age of cars and many more.

Country Road fatalities
per 100,000
inhabitants
per year[4]
Road fatalities
per 100,000
motor vehicles[4]
Road fatalities
per 1 billion
vehicle-km[5]
Total fatalities
latest year
(adjusted/estimated
figures by WHO report)
[4]
Year, data source
(standard source:
The WHO report 2015,[2]
data from 2013
)
Left/Right
traffic

 World 17.4 1,250,000
 Africa 26.6 574[6] 246,719[6]
 Eastern Mediterranean 19.9 139[6] 122,730[6]
 Western Pacific 17.3 69[6] 328,591[6]
 South-east Asia 17.0 101[6] 316,080[6]
 Americas 15.9 33[6] 153,789[6]
 Europe 9.3 19[6] 84,589[6]
 Afghanistan 15.5 722.4 n/a 4,734 2013 Right
 Albania 15.1 107.2 n/a 478 2013 Right
 Algeria 23.8 127.8 n/a 9,337 2013 Right
 Andorra 7.6 7.9 n/a 6 2013 Right
 Angola 26.9 992 n/a 5,769 2013 Right
 Antigua & Barbuda 6.7 20 n/a 6 2013 Left
 Argentina 13.6 24.3 n/a 5,619 2013 Right
 Armenia 18.3 18.2 n/a 546 2013 Right
 Australia 5.4 7.3 5.2 1,252 2013 Left
 Austria 5.4 7.1 5.8 455 2013 Right
 Azerbaijan 10.0 83 n/a 943 2013 Right
 Bahamas 13.8 36 n/a 52 2013 Left
 Bahrain 8.0 19.6 n/a 107 2013 Right
 Bangladesh 13.6 1020.6 n/a 21,316 2013 Left
 Barbados 6.7 16.9 n/a 19 2013 Left
 Belarus 13.7 32.9 n/a 1,282 2013 Right
 Belgium 6.7 10.7 7.3 746 2013 Right
 Belize 24.4 26 n/a 81 2013 Right
 Benin 27.7 8177.2 n/a 2,855 2013 Right
 Bhutan 15.1 167.2 n/a 114 2013 Left
 Bolivia 23.2 205.2 n/a 3,476 2013 Right
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.7 76.7 n/a 676 2013 Right
 Botswana 23.6 91.6 n/a 477 2013 Left
 Brazil 23.4 50.3 55.9[7] 41,059 2013 Right
 Bulgaria 8.3 17.2 n/a 601 2013 Right
 Burkina Faso 30.0 328.1 n/a 5,072 2013 Right
 Cape Verde 26.1 229 n/a 130 2013 Right
 Cambodia 17.4 107.2 n/a 2,635 2013 Right
 Cameroon 27.6 1385.1 n/a 6,136 2013 Right
 Canada 6.0 9.5 6.2 2,114 2013 Right
 Central African Republic 32.4 4336.5 n/a 1,495 2013 Right
 Chad 24.1 497 n/a 3,089 2013 Right
 Chile 12.4 51.1 n/a 2,179 2013 Right
 China 18.8 104.5 n/a 261,367 2013 Right
 Colombia 16.8 83.3 n/a 8,107 2013 Right
 Congo 26.4 1063 n/a 1,174 2013 Right
 Cook Islands 24.2 40.2 n/a 5 2013 Left
 Costa Rica 13.9 38.4 n/a 676 2013 Right
 Ivory Coast 24.2 828.9 n/a 4,924 2013 Right
 Croatia 9.2 21.1 n/a 395 2013 Right
 Cuba 7.5 133.7 n/a 840 2013 Right
 Cyprus 5.2 9.2 n/a 59 2013 Left
 Czech Republic 6.1 8.5 13.9 654 2013 Right
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 33.2 6405.4 n/a 22,419 2013 Right
 Denmark 3.5 6.7 4 196 2013 Right
 Dominica 15.3 44.7 n/a 11 2013 Left
 Dominican Republic 29.3 94.9 n/a 3,052 2013 Right
 Ecuador 20.1 183.8 n/a 3,164 2013 Right
 Egypt 12.8 148.7 n/a 10,466 2013 Right
 El Salvador 21.1 163.7 n/a 1,339 2013 Right
 Eritrea 24.1 2171.5 n/a 1,527 2013 Right
 Estonia 7.0 11.8 n/a 90 2013 Right
 Ethiopia 25.3 4984.3 n/a 23,837 2013 Right
 Fiji 5.8 58.9 n/a 51 2013 Left
 Finland 4.8 4.4 4.8 258 2013 Right
 France 5.1 7.6 5.8 3,268 2013 Right
 Gabon 22.9 196.4 n/a 383 2013 Right
 Gambia 29.4 998.7 n/a 544 2013 Right
 Georgia 11.8 54 n/a 514 2013 Right
 Germany 4.3 6.8 4.9 3,540 2013 Right
 Ghana 26.2 443.1 n/a 6,789 2013 Right
 Greece 9.1 12.6 n/a 1,013 2013 Right
 Guatemala 19.0 114.7 n/a 2,939 2013 Right
 Guinea 27.3 9462.5 n/a 3,211 2013 Right
 Guinea-Bissau 27.5 751.9 n/a 468 2013 Right
 Guyana 17.3 864.4 n/a 138 2013 Left
 Honduras 17.4 1021.7 n/a 1,408 2013 Right
 Hungary 7.7 20.7 n/a 765 2013 Right
 Iceland 4.6 6.1 4.7 15 2013 Right
 India 16.6 130.1 n/a 238,562 2013 Left
 Indonesia 15.3 36.7 n/a 38,279 2013 Left
 Iran 32.1 92.7 n/a 24,896 2013 Right
 Iraq 20.2 151.2 n/a 6,826 2013 Right
 Ireland 4.1 7.6 3.9 188 2013 Left
 Israel 3.6 9.7 5.3 277 2013 Right
 Italy 6.1 7.3 n/a 3,753 2013 Right
 Jamaica 11.5 61.7 n/a 320 2013 Left
 Japan 4.7 6.5 8 5,971 2013 Left
 Jordan 26.3 151.4 n/a 1,913 2013 Right
 Kazakhstan 24.2 101.4 n/a 3,983 2013 Right
 Kenya 29.1 640.7 n/a 12,891 2013 Left
 Kiribati 2.9 86.9 n/a 3 2013 Left
 Kuwait 18.7 34.2 n/a 629 2013 Right
 Kyrgyzstan 22.0 127.3 n/a 1,220 2013 Right
 Laos 14.3 67.5 n/a 971 2013 Right
 Latvia 10.0 24.8 n/a 205 2013 Right
 Lebanon 22.6 64.8 n/a 1,088 2013 Right
 Lesotho 28.2 474.8 n/a 584 2013 Left
 Liberia 33.7 133.4 n/a 1,448 2013 Right
 Libya 73.4 128.2 n/a 4,554 2013 Right
 Lithuania 10.6 16.1 n/a 320 2013 Right
 Luxembourg 8.7 10.7 n/a 46 2013 Right
 Macedonia 9.4 49.1 n/a 198 2013 Right
 Madagascar 28.4 2963 n/a 6,506 2013 Right
 Malawi 35.0 1310.4 n/a 5,732 2013 Left
 Malaysia 24.0 29.9 12.6 7,129 2013 Left
 Maldives 3.5 19.5 n/a 12 2013 Left
 Mali 25.6 1352.5 n/a 3,920 2013 Right
 Malta 5.1 6.8 n/a 22 2013 Left
 Marshall Islands 5.7 141.8 n/a 3 2013 Right
 Mauritania 24.5 228.7 n/a 952 2013 Right
 Mauritius 12.2 35.6 n/a 158 2013 Left
 Mexico 12.3 43 n/a 15,062 2013 Right
 Federated States of Micronesia 1.9 24 n/a 2 2013 Right
 Monaco - - n/a 0 2013 Right
 Mongolia 21.0 88.4 n/a 597 2013 Right
 Montenegro 11.9 36.8 n/a 74 2013 Right
 Morocco 18.0 209 n/a 6,870 2013 Right
 Mozambique 31.6 1507 n/a 8,173 2013 Left
 Myanmar 20.3 250.8 n/a 10,809 2013 Right
 Namibia 23.9 196.4 n/a 551 2013 Left
   Nepal 17.0 399.8 n/a 4,713 2013 Left
 Netherlands 3.4 6 4.5 574 2013 Right
 New Zealand 6.0 8.4 6.7 272 2013 Left
 Nicaragua 15.3 164.3 n/a 931 2013 Right
 Niger 26.4 1491.1 n/a 4,706 2013 Right
 Nigeria 20.5 615.4 n/a 35,621 2013 Right
 Norway 3.8 5.2 4.4 192 2013 Right
 Oman 25.4 85.3 n/a 924 2013 Right
 Pakistan 14.2 283.9 n/a 25,781 2013 Left
 Palau 4.8 14.1 n/a 1 2013 Right
 Panama 10.0 38.4 n/a 386 2013 Right
 Papua New Guinea 16.8 1306.5 n/a 1,232 2013 Left
 Paraguay 20.7 114.7 n/a 1,408 2013 Right
 Peru 13.9 99.3 n/a 4,234 2013 Right
 Philippines 10.5 135 n/a 10,379 2013 Right
 Poland 10.3 15.8 n/a 3,931 2013 Right
 Portugal 7.8 13.7 n/a 828 2013 Right
 Qatar 15.2 50.9 n/a 330 2013 Right
 South Korea 9.5[8] 21.2 16 4,899 2016[9] Right
 Republic of Moldova 12.5 61.8 n/a 437 2013 Right
 Romania 8.7 31.4 n/a 1,881 2013 Right
 Russia 18.9 53.4 n/a 27,025 2013 Right
 Rwanda 32.1 3521.1 n/a 3,782 2013 Right
 Saint Lucia 18.1 2103.3 n/a 33 2013 Left
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 8.2 31.7 n/a 9 2013 Left
 Samoa 15.8 171.9 n/a 30 2013 Left
 San Marino 3.2 1.8 n/a 1 2013 Right
 São Tomé and Príncipe 31.1 5454.5 n/a 60 2013 Right
 Saudi Arabia 27.4 119.7 n/a 7,898 2013 Right
 Senegal 27.2 956.4 n/a 3,844 2013 Right
 Serbia 10.4 34.5 n/a 735 2013 Right
 Seychelles 8.6 43 n/a 8 2013 Left
 Sierra Leone 27.3 2414.2 n/a 1,661 2013 Right
 Singapore 3.6 20.2 n/a 197 2013 Left
 Slovakia 6.6 13.7 n/a 360 2013 Right
 Slovenia 6.4 9.5 7.6 132 2013 Right
 Solomon Islands 19.2 240 n/a 108 2013 Left
 Somalia 25.4 4480.5 n/a 2,664 2013 Right
 South Africa 25.1 133.9 n/a 13,273 2013 Left
 Spain 3.7 5.3 7.8 1,730 2013 Right
 Sri Lanka 17.4 70.9 n/a 3,691 2013 Left
 Sudan 24.3 2872.8 n/a 9,221 2013 Right
 Suriname 19.1 49.7 n/a 103 2013 Left
 Swaziland 24.2 1667.4 n/a 303 2013 Left
 Sweden 2.8 4.7 3.5 272 2013 Right
  Switzerland 3.3 4.7 4.3 269 2013[10][11][12][13] Right
 Tajikistan 18.8 374.9 n/a 1,543 2013 Right
 Thailand 36.2 74.6 n/a 24,237 2013 Left
 Timor-Leste 16.6 295.8 n/a 188 2013 Left
 Togo 31.1 3653.4 n/a 2,123 2013 Right
 Tonga 7.6 98.1 n/a 8 2013 Left
 Trinidad and Tobago 14.1 58.9 n/a 189 2013 Left
 Tunisia 24.4 154.4 n/a 2,679 2013 Right
 Turkey 8.9 37.3 n/a 6,687 2013 Right
 Turkmenistan 17.4 107.8 n/a 914 2009 Right
 Uganda 27.4 836.8 n/a 10,280 2013 Left
 United Arab Emirates 10.9 38.2 n/a 1,021 2013 Right
 United Kingdom 2.9 5.1 3.6 1,827 2013 Left
 Tanzania 32.9 1073.7 n/a 16,211 2013 Left
 Ukraine 13.5[3] 35.3 n/a 5,099 2012[14] Right
 United States 10.6 12.9 7.1 34,064 2013 Right
 Uruguay 16.6 28.5 n/a 567 2013 Right
 Uzbekistan 11.2 n/a 3,240 2013 Right
 Vanuatu 16.6 300 n/a 42 2013 Right
 Vietnam 24.5 55 n/a 22,419 2013 Right
 Yemen 21.5 436.6 n/a 5,248 2013 Right
 Zambia 24.7 670.9 n/a 3,586 2013 Left
 Zimbabwe 28.2 429.8 n/a 3,985 2013 Left

See also[edit]

Nations:

General:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The following groupings/assumptions were made:
    • France includes the overseas departments as well as overseas collectivities.
    • The United Kingdom includes the Crown dependencies as well as the overseas territories.
    • The United States of America includes the insular areas.
    • The Netherlands includes Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles.
    • Denmark includes Greenland and the Faroe islands.
    • China includes the province and SARs of Hong Kong and Macao.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Data from World Health Organization Estimated Deaths 2012
  2. ^ a b c d e f WHO, ed. (2015). "Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015" (PDF) (official report). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation (WHO). pp. vii, 1–14, 75ff (countries), 264–271 (table A2), 316–332 (table A10). ISBN 978 92 4 156506 6. Retrieved 2016-01-27. Tables A2 & A10, data from 2013 
  3. ^ a b c WHO, ed. (2013). "Global Status Report on Road Safety 2013: supporting a decade of action" (PDF) (official report). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation (WHO). pp. vii, 1–8, 53ff (countries), 244–251 (table A2), 296–303 (table A10). ISBN 978 92 4 156456 4. Retrieved 2014-05-30. Tables A2 & A10, data from 2010 
  4. ^ a b c d WHO, ed. (2015). "WHO Report 2015: Data tables" (PDF) (official report). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation (WHO). Retrieved 2016-01-26. 
  5. ^ OECD/ITF, ed. (12 October 2015). "Road Safety Annual Report 2015" (PDF) (official report). Paris: International Traffic Safety Data and Analysis Group, International Transport Forum (irtad). pp. 47ff. ISBN 9789282107867. Retrieved 2016-01-29. data from 2013 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l WHO, ed. (2015). "Deaths on the roads: Based on the WHO Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015" (PDF) (official report). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation (WHO). Retrieved 2016-01-26. 
  7. ^ Center for Traffic Safety Research - University of São Paulo(in Portuguese: Núcleo de Estudos em Segurança no Trânsito - NEST-USP)Master degree dissertation of Jorge Tiago Bastos published in 2011. Title: Geography of Traffic Fatalities in Brazil (in Portuguese: Geografia da mortalidade no trânsito no Brasil. School of Engineering of São Carlos - University of São Paulo, Department of Transportation, São Carlos - Brazil (data for 2008))[citation needed]
  8. ^ Official population estimate
  9. ^ ? (26 February 2017). "음주운전 사망 큰폭 감소…지난해 교통사고 사망자 7.1% 줄어". Yonhap News (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-02-26. 
  10. ^ "Mobility and Transport: Pocket Statistics 2014" (PDF) (Official publication) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  11. ^ "Mobility and Transport: Key figures" (web page) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  12. ^ "Passenger transport performance" (web page) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  13. ^ "Verkehrsunfälle in der Schweiz 2012, Korrigierte Version, 30.8.2013" (PDF) (Official publication) (in German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  14. ^ Число аварий по сравнению с 2011 годом возросло. Погибших оказалось тоже больше. www.liga.net (in Russian). ЛIГАБiзнесIнформ Информационное агентство. 27 February 2013. Retrieved 2016-04-14.