List of countries by unemployment rate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Methods of calculation and presentation of unemployment rate vary from country to country. Some countries count insured unemployed only, some count those in receipt of welfare benefit only, some count the disabled and other permanently unemployable people, some countries count those who choose (and are financially able) not to work, supported by their spouses and caring for a family, some count students at college and so on.

For purposes of comparison, harmonized values are published by International Labour Organization (ILO) and by OECD. The ILO harmonized unemployment rate refers to those who are currently not working but are willing and able to work for pay, currently available to work, and have actively searched for work. The OECD harmonized unemployment rate gives the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force.

Country / Region Unemployment rate (%) Source / date of information
 Afghanistan 35.1 2008[1]
 Albania 17.3 2015 (Q4)[2]
 Algeria 11.2 2015(September)[3]
 American Samoa (United States) 49.9 2011 (April)[4]
 Andorra 2.9 2013
 Anguilla (United Kingdom) 7.8 2013 (July)[5]
 Antigua and Barbuda 11.0 2014[1]
 Argentina 5.9 2015 (Q3)[6]
 Armenia 18.5 2015[7]
 Aruba (Netherlands) 15.7 2013[8]
 Australia 5.8 2016 (March)[9]
 Austria 9.1 2016 (April)[10]
 Azerbaijan 5.3 2015[1]
 Bahrain 4.1 2014[1]
 Bangladesh 4.9 2015[1]
 Barbados 11.9 2015 (Q2)[11]
 Belarus 0.7 2014[12]
 Belgium 8.5 2016 (March)[13]
 Belize 12.9 2014[1]
 Bermuda 9.0 2014[1]
 Bhutan 3.2 2014[1]
 Bolivia 7.4 2015[1]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.9 2014[14]
 Botswana 17.8 2009[1]
 Brazil 10.9 2016 (March)[15]
 British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) 3.1 2007[16]
 Brunei 2.7 2014[1]
 Bulgaria 9.9 2016 (March)[17]
 Burma 5.0 2015[1]
 Cambodia 0.5 2015[18]
 Cameroon 4.4 (underemployment - 75.8) 30.0[1] (CIA estimate) 2005[19]
 Canada 6.9 2016 (May)[20]
 Cape Verde 15.8 2014[21]
 Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) 4.0 (5.5 - 2010 estimate)[22] 2008[23]
 Central African Republic 8.0 2001[1]
 Chad 22.6 2006[24]
 Chile 5.9 2015 (March)[25]
 China, People's Republic of 4.1 2015[26]
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) 11.3 2006[27]
 Colombia 8.9 2015 (March)[28]
 Comoros 20.0 1996[1]
 Cook Islands 13.1 2005 [1]
 Costa Rica 9.7 2014 (December)[29]
 Croatia 17.2 2016 (March)[30]
 Cuba 3.3 2014 [31]
 Cyprus 12.1 2016 (March)[13]
 Czech Republic 5.2 2016 (June)[32]
 Denmark 5.8 (4.2) 2016 (March)[13]([33])
 Djibouti 60.0 2014[1]
 Dominica 23.0 2000[1]
 Dominican Republic 14.4 2010 (April)[34]
 East Timor 20.0 2006
 Ecuador 4.8 2015[1]
 Egypt 8.1 2013 (Q2)[35]
 El Salvador 6.1 2015[1]
 Equatorial Guinea 22.3 2009[1]
 Estonia 6.3 2016 (February)[36]
 European Union 8.8 2016 (March)[13]
 Faroe Islands (Denmark) 3.1 2015 (April)[37]
 Fiji 8.6 2007[38][39]
 Finland 10.1 2016 (March)[40]
 France 10.3 2016 (March)[41]
 French Polynesia (France) 11.7 2007[42]
 Gabon 21.0 2006[1]
 Gaza Strip (Palestinian territories) 41.5 2015 (Q2)[43][44]
 Georgia 13.7 2014[45]
 Germany 4.5 2016 (March)[46]
 Ghana 3.6 2008 (September)[47]
 Gibraltar (United Kingdom) 1.8 2011[48]
 Greece 24.1 2016 (March)[13]
 Greenland (Denmark) 7.8 2009[49]
 Grenada 24.5 2009 (June)[50]
 Guam (United States) 7.4 2014 (March)[51]
 Guatemala 4.1 2011[1]
 Guernsey (United Kingdom) 1.5 2010 (Q2)[52]
 Guyana 9.0 2009 (July)[53]
 Honduras 4.3 2014[1]
 Hong Kong (People's Republic of China) 3.3 2014 (October–December)[54]
 Hungary 6.0 2016 (March)[55]
 Iceland 3.2 2016 (Q1)[56]
 India 3.6 2014 [57]
 Indonesia 5.7 2014[58]
 Iran 11.212 2014 [59]
 Iraq 16 2012[1]
 Ireland 7.8 2016 (May)[60]
 Isle of Man 1.8 2010 (August)[61]
 Israel 5.4 2015 (November)[62]
 Italy 11.4 2016 (March)[13]
 Jamaica 14.0 2015[1]
 Japan 3.2 2016 (March)[63]
 Jersey (United Kingdom) 2.7 2009 (July)[64]
 Jordan 11.1 2014 [31]
 Kazakhstan 6.1 2010 (May)[65]
 Kenya 42.0 2009[66]
 Kiribati 38.2 2006[67]
 Kosovo (Serbia) - Territorial dispute 30.9 2013[1]
 Kuwait 3.0 2014[1]
 Kyrgyzstan 8.0 2013[1]
 Laos 1.4 2013[1]
 Latvia 9.8 2015 (Q4)[68]
 Lebanon 10.0 2009 (July)[69]
 Lesotho 42.7 2008[70]
 Libya 13.0 2005 (May)[71]
 Liechtenstein 2.3 2012[1]
 Lithuania 9.2 2016 (March)[72]
 Luxembourg 6.5 2016 (March)[73]
 Macau (People's Republic of China) 1.9 2013[1]
 Macedonia 24.6 2015 (Q4)[74]
 Malaysia 3.1 2015 (October)[75]
 Mali 30.0 2013[1]
 Malta 5.2 2015 (December)[76]
 Marshall Islands 36.0 2006[1]
 Mauritania 31.0 2013[1]
 Mauritius 7.9 2012 (Q13)[77]
 Mayotte (France) 25.4 2005[1]
 Mexico 4.9 2013 (September) [78]
 Federated States of Micronesia 22 2000[79]
 Moldova 4.2 2015 (Q4)[80]
 Monaco 2.0 2012[1]
 Mongolia 7.7 2014[1]
 Montenegro 18.3 2016 (March) [81]
 Montserrat (United Kingdom) 6.0 1998[1]
 Morocco 5.5 2010 (Q1)[82][83]
 Mozambique 60.0 2009
 Namibia 28.1 2014[1]
 Nauru 23 2011[84]
   Nepal 46.0 2008[1]
 Netherlands 6.4 2016 (March)[85]
 Netherlands Antilles (Netherlands) 10.0 2008[86]
 New Caledonia (France) 17.1 2004[1]
 New Zealand 5.3 2015 (December quarter)[87]
 Nicaragua 6.0 2014[1]
 Nigeria 6.4 2015 (May)[88][89]
 North Korea 25.6 2013[1]
 Northern Mariana Islands (United States) 11.2 2010[1]
 Norway 4.6 2016 (February)[90]
 Niue 10.7 2006[91]
 Pakistan 6.5 2015[1]
 Palau 4.2 2005[1]
 Panama 5.6 2011[92]
 Papua New Guinea 1.9 2008[1]
 Paraguay 5.5 2015[1]
 Peru 6.1 2015 (August)[93]
 Philippines 5.6 2015 (October)[94]
 Poland 9.5 2016 (April)[95]
 Portugal 12.2 2015 (Q4)[96]
 Puerto Rico (United States) 13.7 2014 (December)[97]
 Qatar 0.4 2015[1]
 Romania 6.4 2016 (March)[98]
 Russia 6.0 2016 (March)[99]
 Saint Helena (United Kingdom) 14.0 1998[1]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 5.1 2006[100]
 Saint Lucia 15.7 2006[101]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 9.9 2008[1]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 18.0 2009 (June)[50]
 San Marino 8.7 2014[1]
 Saudi Arabia 11.5 2015[102]
 Senegal 48.0 (30.0 among adults aged 24 and under[103]) 2007[1]
 Serbia 17.9 2015 (Q4)[104]
 Singapore 1.9 2014 (Q4)
 Slovakia 9.9 2016 (March)[105]
 Slovenia 12.6 2016 (March)[106]
 South Africa 26.7 2016 (Q1)[107]
 South Korea 4.9 2016 (February)[108]
 Spain 21.4 2016 (Q1)[109]
 Sri Lanka 4.2 2012 (Q1)[110]
 Sudan 13.6 2014[1]
 Suriname 8.9 2014[1]
 Swaziland 40.6 2007[111]
 Sweden 7.7 2016 (March)[112]
  Switzerland 3.6 2016 (February)[113]
 Syria 40.0 2014[1]
 Taiwan 3.86 2016 (April)[114]
 Tajikistan 2.4 2015 (March)[115]
 Thailand 0.9 2014 (May)[116]
 The Bahamas 15.0 2014[1]
 Tonga 1.1 2006[117]
 Trinidad and Tobago 3.7 2013 (Q1)[118]
 Tunisia 15.2 2014[119]
 Turkey 11.1 2016 (January)[120]
 Turkmenistan 3.5 2013 (November)[121]
 Turks and Caicos Islands 5.4 2007[122]
 Ukraine 9.9 2015 (Q4)[123]
 United Arab Emirates 4.3 2010[124]
 United Kingdom 4.9 2016 (July)[125]
 United States 5.0 (9.7[126]) 2016 (April)[127]
 Uruguay 7.7 2016 (January)[128]
 Uzbekistan 8.0 2008 (December)[129]
 Vanuatu 4.6 2009 [130]
 Venezuela 6.7 2014 (July)[131]
 Vietnam 3.4 2014[1]
 U.S. Virgin Islands (United States) 12.3 2014 (December)[132]
 Wallis and Futuna (France) 12.2 2008[133]
 West Bank (Palestinian territories) 15.4 2015 (Q2)[43][44]
 Yemen 35.0 2009 (June)[134]
 Zambia 15.0 2008 [1]
 Zimbabwe 80 2008 [1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi "CIA The World Factbook". CIA. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  2. ^ "Instituti i Statistikave". Instituti i Statistikave - Tiranë. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  3. ^ "Emploi et Chômage" (PDF). Office National des Statistiques. Retrieved 2015-05-06. 
  4. ^ "American Samoa National Emergency Grant (AS NEG) - Workforce Development Plan" (PDF). AS NEG. March 30, 2013. Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Statistics". Anguilla Statistics Department. 2002. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  6. ^ "Empleo y desempleo". INDEC. 6 May 2016. 
  7. ^ "Unemployment Armenia". Armenian Statistical Service of Republic of Armenia. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  8. ^ Country: Aruba. "Publications and Key Figures - Ba.1.01 People Employed, Unemployed and Not in the Labor Force, by sexe". Central Bureau of Statistics - Aruba. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  9. ^ "Australian Bureau of Statistics, May 2015". ABS. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  10. ^ "Current labour market - April 2016". Public Employment Service Austria. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  11. ^ http://www.barstats.gov.bb/
  12. ^ CIA World Factbook: Belarus. Citation: "1%... official registered unemployed; large number of underemployed workers" Official unemployment rate is lower than 1%, but it includes only registered as unemployed. (Unemployment Rate in Belarus is Less than 1%, Belstat) Methods of International Labour Organization (international standard) also include job-seekers who are not registered officially. Gallup: actual unemployment in Belarus is 24%, Charter 97 (6 July 2012). "Statistical Information". National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved 2015-12-06. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f "Seasonally adjusted unemployment" (PDF). Eurostat. Retrieved 2016-04-29. 
  14. ^ CIA World Factbook: Bosnia and Herzegovina. Actual rate is lower as many technically unemployed persons work in the gray economy.
  15. ^ http://saladeimprensa.ibge.gov.br/en/noticias?view=noticia&id=1&busca=1&idnoticia=3151
  16. ^ "Development Planning Unit". DPU, Virgin Islands. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  17. ^ "Bulgaria jobless rate drops to 9.9 pct in March". Daily Mail. 15 April 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  18. ^ "Countries with large informal sectors, such as Cambodia, Indonesia and Myanmar, continue to have high shares of vulnerable employment, in the order of 60 per cent" Cambodia’s Low Jobless Rate Hides Harsh Reality, The Cambodia Daily 29 January 2016.
  19. ^ "Actualités". Institut National de la Statistique du Cameroun. 2010-06-15. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  20. ^ "Labour Force Survey, May 2016". Statistics Canada. 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  21. ^ "Tx. Desemprego". Portal do Instituto Nacional de Estatística. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  22. ^ "Unemployment still growing". Cayman Islands News. 2010-01-13. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  23. ^ "Employment Activity". Cayman Islands - The Economics & Statistics Office. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  24. ^ ECOSIT2 (PDF) (Report). Institut National de la Statistique, des Études Économiques et Démographiques. p. 24. L enquête révèle également que le taux de chômage est élevé au Tchad car 22,6% de la population active âgée de 10 ans et pl us sont en situation de chômage. 
  25. ^ "Labour force - March 2016" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  26. ^ "China - Unemployment". Xinhua. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  27. ^ "2006 Census QuickStats : Cocos/Keeling Islands (Indigenous Area)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  28. ^ "Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadistica". DANE. Retrieved 2015-05-26. 
  29. ^ "Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos". INEC. 2015-02-12. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  30. ^ "Croatian Bureau of Statistics". Croatian Bureau of Statistics. 2016-05-06. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  31. ^ a b "Unemployment, total (% of total labor force) | Data | Table". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2016-03-23. 
  32. ^ "Information on Unemployment in the Czech Republic" (PDF). Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. 2016-07-12. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  33. ^ "Labour force survey, Unemployment". Statistics Denmark. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  34. ^ "Dominican Republic’s 7.5% growth births 0.5% more jobs". DominicanToday.com. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  35. ^ "Monthly Bulletin of Statistics Online". UN. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  36. ^ "MINIFACTS ABOUT ESTONIA". Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  37. ^ "Statistics". Statistics Faroe Island. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  38. ^ "Overseas Merchandise Trade". Fiji Islands Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  39. ^ "Fiji targets 4.2 percent unemployment rate". Fijilive.com. 2010-05-23. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  40. ^ "Unemployment rate 10.1 per cent in March". Statistics Finland. 26 April 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  41. ^ "Unemployment". INSEE, France. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  42. ^ [1] Archived November 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  43. ^ a b "Labour Force Survey (April–June 2015) Round (Q2/2015)" (PDF). Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. 6 August 2015. 
  44. ^ a b "UNSCO Socio-Economic Report: Overview of the Palestinian Economy in Q2/2015". United Nations Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process. 12 October 2015. 
  45. ^ "GeoStat.Ge". GeoStat.Ge. Retrieved 2013-05-03. 
  46. ^ "Labour market". Federal Statistics Office. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  47. ^ "Publications". Ghana Statical Service. 2008-06-26. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  48. ^ "Recruitment Gibraltar". Recruitment Gibraltar. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  49. ^ [2] Archived October 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  50. ^ a b pm: T&T reaching out Trinidad and Tobago Express
  51. ^ "Department of Labor" (Press release). Department of Labor, Guam. March 22, 2014. Retrieved February 28, 2015. 
  52. ^ "States of Guernsey". States of Guernsey. 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  53. ^ [3]
  54. ^ "Labour Force, Unemployment and Underemployment". censtatd.gov.hk. 2015-01-19. Retrieved 2015-01-30. 
  55. ^ "Unemployment rate decreased to 6.0%". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  56. ^ "Unemployment by quarters 2003-2016". Statistics Iceland. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  57. ^ http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.UEM.TOTL.ZS
  58. ^ http://www.bps.go.id/brs_file/naker_05mei14.pdf
  59. ^ http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2014&ey=2014&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&pr1.x=44&pr1.y=6&c=429&s=LUR&grp=0&a=
  60. ^ "Monthly Unemployment Rate". Central Statistics Office Ireland. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  61. ^ [4]
  62. ^ [5]
  63. ^ http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/roudou/results/month/
  64. ^ http://[www.gov.je/Government/JerseyWorld/StatisticsUnit/EmploymentEarnings/Pages/RegisteredUnemployment.aspx] States of Jersey Statistics Unit
  65. ^ [6] The Agency of Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan
  66. ^ Krishnamurthy Sriramesh and Dejan Verčič. The Global Public Relations Handbook Revised Edition, 331. (Taylor & Francis: 2009).
  67. ^ [7] Kiribati National Statistics Office
  68. ^ http://www.csb.gov.lv/en/statistikas-temas/employment-and-unemployment-key-indicators-30679.html
  69. ^ Major reforms needed to reduce Lebanon’s unemployment The Daily Star
  70. ^ [8] Lesotho Bureau of Statistics
  71. ^ Libya grapples with unemployment BBC News
  72. ^ https://www.ldb.lt/EN/INFORMATION/LABOURMARKET/Pages/situation_review.aspx
  73. ^ http://www.statistiques.public.lu/stat/ReportFolders/ReportFolder.aspx?IF_Language=eng&MainTheme=2&FldrName=3&RFPath=91
  74. ^ "Active population". State Statistical Office of the Republic of Macedonia. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  75. ^ [9] Department of Statistics Malaysia
  76. ^ http://nso.gov.mt/en/News_Releases/View_by_Unit/Unit_C2/Labour_Market_Statistics/Documents/2016/News2016_012.pdf
  77. ^ [10] The Central Statistics Office (CSO) - Republic of Mauritius
  78. ^ [11] UPDATE 2-Mexican unemployment rises in September after floods
  79. ^ [12] Federated States of Micronesia Division of Statistics
  80. ^ http://statbank.statistica.md/pxweb/Dialog/Saveshow.asp
  81. ^ http://monstat.org/userfiles/file/publikacije/2016/4/3.zarade.pdf
  82. ^ [13] MENAFN
  83. ^ [14] HCP Morocco Statistics
  84. ^ [15] Nauru Bureau of Statistics
  85. ^ https://www.cbs.nl/en-gb/news/2016/16/unemployment-eased-in-march
  86. ^ [16] Central Bureau of Statistics Netherlands Antilles
  87. ^ [17] Statistics New Zealand
  88. ^ Onuba, Ifeanyi (15 May 2015). "Only 4.67 million Nigerians are unemployed —NBS". The Punch Newspaper. Retrieved 17 May 2015. 
  89. ^ "NBS Rates Nigeria’s New Unemployment Statistics At 6.4%". Channels Television. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 17 May 2015. 
  90. ^ https://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/akumnd/maaned
  91. ^ [18] Niue Census 2006
  92. ^ "Martinelli se libró de aliados y mantiene una economía pujante" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 22 August 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  93. ^ INEI (2015-10-12). "Tasa de desempleo JJA 2015" (in Spanish). INEI. Retrieved 2015-10-12. 
  94. ^ [19] Philippine Statistics Authority
  95. ^ http://stat.gov.pl/en/topics/labour-salaries/registered-unemployment/unemployment-rate-1990-2016,3,1.html
  96. ^ https://www.ine.pt/xportal/xmain?xpid=INE&xpgid=ine_indicadores&contecto=pi&indOcorrCod=0005599&selTab=tab0
  97. ^ [20] United States Bureau of Labor Statistics
  98. ^ http://www.insse.ro/cms/files/statistici/comunicate/somaj/2015/somaj_tr4e_15.pdf
  99. ^ http://www.gks.ru/bgd/regl/b15_12/IssWWW.exe/stg/d01/06-11.htm
  100. ^ [21] U.S. Department of State
  101. ^ [22] Saint Lucia's Official Statistics
  102. ^ http://www.cdsi.gov.sa/en/indicators/46.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  103. ^ Multinational Companies Tackle Youth Unemployment in West Africa VOA News
  104. ^ http://webrzs.stat.gov.rs/WebSite/Public/PageView.aspx?pKey=2
  105. ^ http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2016-04/21/c_135298259.htm
  106. ^ http://www.stat.si/statweb/en/home#graphBrezposelnost
  107. ^ [23] Statistics South Africa
  108. ^ [24] Statistics Korea Unemployment Rate
  109. ^ http://www.ine.es/en/welcome.shtml
  110. ^ [25] Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka
  111. ^ [26] Swaziland Government - The Central Statistical Office
  112. ^ http://www.scb.se/en_/Finding-statistics/Statistics-by-subject-area/Labour-market/Labour-force-surveys/Labour-Force-Survey-LFS/
  113. ^ file:///C:/Users/Damian/Downloads/PRESSEDOK1603_D.pdf
  114. ^ [27] National Statistics, Taiwan -- Latest indicators
  115. ^ PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo No. 28 Georgetown University Eurasian Strategy Project
  116. ^ [28] TNSO The National Statistical Office of Thailand. "over half of all Thailand’s workers are in vulnerable employment (defined as the sum of own-account work and unpaid family work) and more than 60 per cent are informally employed, with no access to any social security mechanisms." Thailand. A labour market profile, International Labour Organization, 2013.
  117. ^ [29] Tonga Department of Statistics
  118. ^ http://www.trinidadexpress.com/business/Lowest-recorded-unemployment-rate-251608701.html
  119. ^ [30] NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STATISTICS - TUNISIA
  120. ^ http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/Start.do;jsessionid=KnTZXtPTnz87rhSHqYBnmyKh3KhW3CWMqpKrqhQXJHlVKxnpW9lB!-455122458
  121. ^ Background Note: Turkmenistan U.S. Department of State
  122. ^ [31] Department of Economic Planning and Statistics - Turks and Caicos
  123. ^ https://ukrstat.org/en/operativ/operativ2016/rp/sz_br/sz_br_e/zb_2016_e.htm
  124. ^ "Middle East Unemployment". spotjobs. January 29, 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  125. ^ [32]
  126. ^ http://www.gallup.com/poll/189068/bls-unemployment-seasonally-adjusted.aspx/
  127. ^ http://data.bls.gov/timeseries/LNS14000000
  128. ^ http://www.elobservador.com.uy/el-desempleo-aumento-8-febrero-n896041
  129. ^ Background Note: Uzbekistan U.S. Department of State
  130. ^ [33] The Vanuatu National Statistics Office (VNSO)- Social statistics
  131. ^ [34] National Institute of Statistics (INE)(In Spanish) - Venezuela
  132. ^ [35] The Virgin Islands Department of Labor
  133. ^ [36] Service Territorial de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques (STSEE)
  134. ^ Microcredit and microfinance the solution to Yemen's employment problem Zawya