List of sovereign states by wealth inequality

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A map showing Gini coefficients for Wealth within countries for 2019.[1]

This is a list of countries by distribution of wealth, including Gini coefficients. Wealth distribution can vary greatly from income distribution in a country (see List of countries by income equality).

Higher Gini coefficients signify greater wealth inequality, with 0 being complete equality, whereas a value near 1 can arise if everybody has zero wealth except a very small minority.

Countries that have high-quality wealth taxes and honest reporting from financial institutions, such as the Netherlands and Norway, tend to have more reliable wealth inequality statistics.[2]

List[edit]

The table below is for 2018. The GDP data is based on data from the World Bank.[3] The population data is based on data from the UN.[4] The Wealth Gini coefficients from 2008 are based on a working paper published by the National Bureau of Economic Research.[5] The Wealth Gini numbers come from the Global Wealth Databook 2018 by Credit Suisse.[6] Also the Gini Wealth coefficients for 2019 are shown.[1]

* indicates "Wealth inequality in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" or "Income inequality in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" links.

Country Wealth Gini Population Nominal GDP GDP per capita
2008 2018 2019 % of world (in millions) % of world
 World 0.804 0.904 0.885 8,020,741,000 100 101,560,901 100 11,258
 Afghanistan 0.655
 Albania 0.642 0.629 0.637 2,882,740 0.036 15,103 0.015 5,239
 Algeria 0.67 0.758 0.749 42,228,420 0.53 0.55 0 4,115
 Angola 0.731
 Antigua and Barbuda 0.747 0.838 0.823 96,280 0.0012 1,611 0.0016 16,732
 Argentina * 0.74 0.792 0.768 44,361,150 0.55 0.58 0 11,719
 Armenia 0.684 0.645 0.663 2,951,740 0.037 12,433 0.012 4,212
 Aruba 0.703
 Australia 0.622 0.658 0.656 24,898,150 0.31 1,433,904 1.4 57,591
 Austria 0.646 0.764 0.739 8,891,380 0.11 455,286 0.45 51,205
 Azerbaijan 0.678 0.643 0.654 9,949,540 0.12 46,940 0.046 4,718
 Bahamas 0.828
 Bahrain 0.747
 Bangladesh 0.66 0.671 0.678 161,376,710 2.0 2.11 0 1,698
 Barbados 0.706 0.788 0.778 285,720 0.0036 4,990 0.0049 17,465
 Belarus 0.628 0.614 0.621 9,452,620 0.12 59,662 0.059 6,312
 Belgium 0.662 0.659 0.603 11,482,180 0.14 542,761 0.53 47,270
 Belize 0.763 0.815 0.803 383,070 0.0048 1,871 0.0018 4,884
 Benin 0.713 0.689 0.707 11,485,040 0.14 10,354 0.010 902
 Bolivia 0.762 0.779 0.764 11,050,000 0.14 40,288 0.040 3,646
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.642 3,301 0 21,023 0.021 6,056
 Botswana 0.751 0.783 0.8 2,254.07 0 18,616 0.018 8,259
 Brazil * 0.62 0.823 0.849 209,469,320 2.6 2.74 0 8,921
 Brunei 0.787
 Bulgaria 0.652 0.647 0.659 7,051,610 0.088 65,133 0.064 9,237
 Burkina Faso 0.728 0.674 0.688 19,751,470 0.25 14,125 0.014 715
 Burundi 0.699 0.654 0.681 11,175,380 0.14 3,037 0.0030 272
 Cambodia 0.714 0.704 0.718 16,249,800 0.20 24,542 0.024 1,510
 Cameroon 0.711 0.725 0.743 25,216,260 0.31 38,675 0.038 1,534
 Canada 0.688 0.726 0.728 37,074,560 0.46 1,713,342 1.7 46,213
 Central African Republic 0.782 0.768 0.777 4,666,380 0.058 2,220 0.0022 476
 Chad 0.681 0.715 0.73 15,477,730 0.19 0.2 00 728
 Chile 0.777 0.773 0.798 18,729,170 0.23 331,250 0.33 15,923
 China * 0.55 0.714 0.702 1,427,647,790 18 15,710,960 15 9,532
 Colombia * 0.765 0.807 0.77 49,661,060 0.62 0.65 0 6,666
 Comoros 0.711 0.766 0.783 832,320 0.010 1,178 0.0012 1,415
 DR Congo 0.755
 Congo 0.769
 Costa Rica 0.732 0.769 0.75 4,999,440 0.062 0.07 0 12,027
 Croatia 0.654 0.631 0.645 4,156,410 0.052 60,972 0.060 14,669
 Cyprus 0.801
 Czech Republic 0.626 0.758 0.725 10,649,800 0.13 245,226 0.24 23,026
 Denmark * 0.808 0.835 0.838 5,752,130 0.072 355,675 0.35 61,834
 Djibouti 0.729
 Dominica 0.763 0.84 0.823 71,630 0.00089 0 0 7,693
 Dominican Republic 0.723 10,627.15 0.00013 85,555 0.084 8,051
 Ecuador * 0.76 0.776 0.759 17,084,360 0.21 0.22 0 6,345
 Egypt 0.689 0.909 0.756 99,581,200 1.2 250,895 0.25 2,520
 El Salvador 0.746 0.759 0.743 6,420,740 0.080 26,057 0.026 4,058
 Equatorial Guinea 0.688 0.781 0.793 1,308,970 0.016 13,432 0.013 10,262
 Eritrea 0.621
 Estonia 0.675 0.715 0.716 1,322,910 0.016 30,732 0.030 23,231
 Eswatini 0.78 1,136.27 0 4,711 0.0046 4,146
 Ethiopia 0.652 0.612 0.62 109,224,410 1.4 1.43 0 772
 Fiji 0.709 0.694 0.702 883,490 0.011 5,537 0.0055 6,267
 Finland 0.615 0.767 0.742 5,522,590 0.069 276,743 0.27 50,111
 France * 0.73 0.687 0.696 64,990,510 0.81 3,135,267 3.1 42,738
 Gabon 0.784 0.7 0.719 2,119.28 0 16,854 0.017 7,953
 Gambia 0.723 0.755 0.771 2,051,360 0.026 1,633 0.0016 796
 Georgia 0.725 0.678 0.687 4,002,950 0.050 17,600 0.017 4,397
 Germany * 0.667 0.816 0.816 83,124,410 1.0 3,947,620 3.9 47,491
 Ghana 0.692 0.682 0.699 29,767,110 0.37 65,556 0.065 2,202
 Greece 0.654 0.682 0.654 10,522,240 0.13 218,032 0.21 20,721
 Grenada 0.763 0.842 0.827 111,450 0.0014 1,186 0.0012 10,642
 Guatemala * 0.779 17,247.86 0.00022 78,460 0.077 4,549
 Guinea 0.693 0.716 0.741 12,414,290 0.15 10,907 0.011 879
 Guinea-Bissau 0.71 0.697 0.712 1,874,300 0.023 0.02 00 778
 Guyana 0.707 0.75 0.734 779,010 0.0097 0.01 9.8×10−9 4,979
 Haiti 0.755 0.82 0.801 11,123,180 0.14 0.15 0 868
 Honduras * 0.743 0.804 9,587.52 0.00012 23,970 0.024 2,500
 Hong Kong 0.740 0.777 7,482.5 0 362,682 0.36 48,471
 Hungary * 0.651 0.662 0.663 9,707,500 0.12 157,883 0.16 16,264
 Iceland 0.664 0.731 0.694 336,710 0.0042 25,878 0.025 76,855
 India * 0.669 0.854 0.832 1,352,642,280 17 2,718,732 2.7 2,010
 Indonesia * 0.764 0.84 0.833 267,670,550 3.3 3.51 0 3,893
 Iran 0.707 0.705 0.705 82,531,700 1.0 454,013 0.45 5,501
 Iraq 0.633
 Ireland 0.581 0.83 0.796 4,818,690 0.060 511,458 0.50 102,394
 Israel 0.677 0.766 0.777 8,381,510 0.10 370,588 0.36 44,215
 Italy 0.609 0.689 0.669 60,627,290 0.76 2,083,864 2.1 34,372
 Ivory Coast 0.712 25,069.23 0.00031 43,007 0.042 1,716
 Jamaica 0.686 0.788 0.775 2,934,850 0.037 15,714 0.015 5,354
 Japan 0.547 0.631 0.626 127,202,190 1.6 4,971,323 4.9 39,082
 Jordan 0.678 0.677 0.696 9,965,320 0.12 42,231 0.042 4,238
 Kazakhstan 0.655 0.952 0.772 18,319,620 0.23 179,340 0.18 9,790
 Kenya 0.699 0.732 0.745 51,392,570 0.64 87,908 0.087 1,711
 Kuwait 0.763
 Kyrgyzstan 0.68 0.673 0.681 6,389,500 0.080 0.08 0 1,267
 Laos 0.794
 Latvia 0.67 0.788 0.789 1,928,460 0.024 0.03 00 17,843
 Lebanon * 0.762 0.889 0.819 6,859,410 0.086 56,639 0.056 8,257
 Lesotho 0.767 0.795 0.805 2,108,330 0.026 2,739 0.0027 1,299
 Liberia 0.727
 Libya 0.659
 Lithuania 0.666 0.655 0.663 2,801,270 0.035 53,429 0.053 19,073
 Luxembourg 0.65 0.663 0.67 604,240 0.0075 0.01 9.8×10−9 117,312
 Macau 0.58 667.4 0 55,084 0.054 82,535
 Madagascar 0.722 0.702 0.722 26,262,310 0.33 13,853 0.014 527
 Malawi 0.736 0.733 0.751 18,143,220 0.23 7,065 0.0070 389
 Malaysia * 0.733 0.82 0.796 31,528,030 0.39 0.41 00 11,373
 Maldives * 0.724
 Mali 0.75 0.682 0.707 19,077,760 0.24 0.25 0 900
 Malta 0.664 0.631 0.64 439,260 0.0055 0.01 9.8×10−9 33,131
 Mauritania 0.686 0.667 0.681 4,403,310 0.055 5,235 0.0052 1,189
 Mauritius 0.661 0.64 0.662 1,267,180 0.016 0.02 00 11,222
 Mexico * 0.749 0.8 0.777 126,190.78 0.0016 1,220,699 1.2 9,673
 Moldova 0.645
 Mongolia 0.668
 Montenegro 0.648
 Morocco 0.69 0.802 0.766 36,029,090 0.45 0.47 0 3,273
 Mozambique 0.689 0.7 0.716 29,496 0.00037 14,717 0.014 499
 Myanmar 0.597
 Namibia 0.847 0.776 0.788 2,448,300 0.031 14,522 0.014 5,931
 Nepal 0.71
 Netherlands * 0.65 0.789 0.902 17,059,560 0.21 912,242 0.90 53,557
 New Zealand * 0.651 0.708 0.672 4,743,130 0.059 204,924 0.20 43,204
 Nicaragua 0.755 0.778 0.759 6,465,500 0.081 13,118 0.013 2,029
 Niger 0.729 0.66 0.682 22,442,830 0.28 0.29 0 414
 Nigeria 0.729 0.894 0.809 195,874,690 2.4 397,270 0.39 2,028
 North Macedonia 0.661 0.655 2,082.96 0 12,672 0.012 6,084
 Norway 0.633 0.791 0.798 5,337,960 0.067 434,167 0.43 81,336
 Oman 0.786
 Pakistan 0.698 0.65 0.665 212,228,290 2.6 2.78 0 1,482
 Panama 0.766 0.795 0.78 4,176,870 0.052 0.05 0 15,575
 Papua New Guinea 0.738 0.76 0.766 8,606,320 0.11 0.11 0 2,730
 Paraguay 0.766 0.785 0.768 6,956,070 0.087 40,497 0.040 5,822
 Peru 0.738 0.795 0.788 31,989,270 0.40 222,045 0.22 6,941
 Philippines * 0.717 0.826 0.837 106,651,390 1.3 330,910 0.33 3,103
 Poland * 0.657 0.722 0.677 37,921,590 0.47 585,664 0.58 15,444
 Portugal 0.667 0.736 0.692 10,256,190 0.13 240,675 0.24 23,466
 Puerto Rico 0.753 3,039.6 0 101,131 0.100 33,271
 Qatar 0.633
 Romania 0.651 0.728 0.647 19,506,110 0.24 239,553 0.24 12,281
 Russia * 0.699 0.875 0.879 146,801,930 1.8 1,657,555 1.6 11,291
 Rwanda 0.714 0.728 0.742 12,301,970 0.15 9,509 0.0094 773
 Samoa 0.747
 São Tomé and Príncipe 0.674
 Saudi Arabia 0.737 0.81 0.834 33,702,760 0.42 0.44 0 23,337
 Senegal 0.697 0.705 0.726 15,854,320 0.20 24,130 0.024 1,522
 Serbia 0.676 6,963.76 0 55,437 0.055 7,992
 Seychelles 0.76 0.679 0.704 97,090 0.0012 0 0 16,376
 Sierra Leone 0.687 0.671 0.694 7,650,150 0.095 4,085 0.0040 534
 Singapore * 0.689 0.758 0.757 5,757,500 0.072 364,157 0.36 63,249
 Slovakia 0.629 0.498 0.498 5,453,020 0.068 105,905 0.10 19,421
 Slovenia 0.626 0.646 0.662 2,077,840 0.026 54,008 0.053 25,992
 Solomon Islands 0.7
 South Africa * 0.763 0.806 0.806 57,792,520 0.72 368,289 0.36 6,373
 South Korea * 0.579 0.67 0.606 51,709,100 0.64 1,823,852 1.8 35,196
 Spain 0.57 0.697 0.694 46,692,860 0.58 0.61 00 30,391
 Sri Lanka 0.665 0.687 0.7 21,228.76 0.00026 88,901 0.088 4,188
 Saint Lucia 0.728
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.818
 Sudan 0.687
 Suriname 0.832
 Sweden * 0.742 0.865 0.867 9,971,630 0.12 556,086 0.55 55,767
 Switzerland 0.803 0.741 0.705 8,570,150 0.11 705,140 0.69 82,279
 Syria 0.699
 Taiwan 0.751
 Tajikistan 0.656
 Tanzania 0.676 0.65 0.661 56,313,440 0.70 0.74 0 1,030
 Thailand 0.71 0.902 0.846 69,428,450 0.87 0.91 00 7,274
 East Timor 0.565
 Togo 0.711 0.719 0.734 7,889,100 0.098 5,359 0.0053 679
 Tonga 0.682
 Trinidad and Tobago 0.689 0.748 0.732 1,389,840 0.017 23,808 0.023 17,130
 Tunisia 0.693 0.683 0.705 11,565,200 0.14 39,871 0.039 3,447
 Turkey 0.718 0.871 0.794 82,340,090 1.0 771,350 0.76 9,368
 Turkmenistan 0.63
 Uganda 0.723 0.714 0.729 42,729,030 0.53 27,461 0.027 643
 Ukraine 0.667 0.955 0.847 44,246,160 0.55 130,832 0.13 2,957
 United Arab Emirates 0.796
 United Kingdom * 0.697 0.747 0.746 67,141,680 0.84 2,855,297 2.8 42,526
 United States * 0.801 0.852 0.852 327,096,260 4.1 20,544,343 20 62,808
 Uruguay 0.708 0.741 0.721 3,449,290 0.043 59,597 0.059 17,278
 Vanuatu 0.688
 Venezuela 0.743
 Vietnam 0.682 0.708 0.761 95,545,960 1.2 245,214 0.24 2,566
 Yemen 0.613 0.801 0.798 28,498,680 0.36 26,914 0.027 944
 Zambia 0.766 0.787 0.798 17,351,710 0.22 26,720 0.026 1,540
 Zimbabwe 0.845 0.707 0.719 14,438,810 0.18 31,001 0.031 2,147

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Global wealth databook 2019" (PDF). Credit Suisse.
  2. ^ Zucman, Gabriel (March 2016). "State of the Union 2016: Wealth Inequality" (PDF). Stanford. Retrieved 2023-03-13. Norway's data are of the highest quality, as extensive information on most assets is collected for all Norwegians{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ "Gross Domestic Product 2018" (PDF). World Bank. 2018. Retrieved 2020-01-18.
  4. ^ "World Population Prospects, the 2019 revision". United Nations. June 2019. Retrieved 2020-01-18.
  5. ^ The Level and Distribution of Global Household Wealth. April 2008. By James B. Davies, Susanna Sandström, Anthony Shorrocks, and Edward N. Wolff.
  6. ^ "Global Wealth Databook 2018" (PDF). Credit Suisse. Retrieved 2020-01-15.

External links[edit]