List of countries and territories where French is an official language

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  Regions where French is a majority native language
  Regions where French is an official or administrative language but not a majority native language
  Regions where French is an unofficial secondary language
  Regions where French is a minority language[clarification needed]

French is an official language in 29 independent nations. The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where French is an official or de facto language.

Only official language[edit]

Countries[edit]

List of countries where French is the only official language:

Non-sovereign entities[edit]

Co-official use[edit]

Sovereign states[edit]

In many countries, French is used as a co-official language alongside one or more other languages. List of countries where French is a co-official language:

Countries in the world with French as an official language.

National subdivisions[edit]

Officially recognized status[edit]

List of countries and dependencies that grant certain constitutional rights to the French language:

Intergovernmental organizations[edit]

The Francophonie flag flying at the Parliament of Canada in Ottawa.

French is an official language, mostly in conjunction with English, of 36 international organisations. These include:

No. Organization
1 Francophonie
2 United Nations
3 International Olympic Committee
4 European Union
5 African Union
6 NATO
7 World Trade Organization
8 Council of Europe

Countries[edit]

This table shows the total populations of the countries, not the number of French speakers (some of these countries such as Canada have a majority that do not speak French).

No. Country Continent Population[2]
1. Democratic Republic of Congo Africa 105,044,646
2. France Europe 68,051,000
3. Canada North America 38,653,740
4. Madagascar Africa 24,235,400
5. Cameroon Africa 23,345,200
6. Côte d'Ivoire Africa 22,701,600
7. Niger Africa 19,899,100
8. Burkina Faso Africa 18,105,600
9. Mali Africa 17,599,700
10. Senegal Africa 15,129,300
11. Chad Africa 14,037,500
12. Guinea Africa 12,608,600
13. Rwanda Africa 11,607,700
14. Belgium Europe 11,358,357
15. Burundi Africa 11,178,900
16. Benin Africa 10,879,800
17. Haiti Caribbean 10,711,100
18. Switzerland Europe 8,510,000
19. Togo Africa 7,304,600
20. Central African Republic Africa 4,900,300
21. Congo Africa 4,620,300
22. Gabon Africa 1,725,300
23. Equatorial Guinea Africa 1,221,490
24. Djibouti Africa 887,861
25. Comoros Africa 795,601
26. Luxembourg Europe 602,900
27. Vanuatu Oceania 264,652
28. Seychelles Africa 92,900
29. Monaco Europe 38,731
Total All countries World c. 507,444,060

Dependent entities[edit]

Nr. Entity Continent Population Status
1. French Polynesia Oceania 284,060 Overseas collectivity and overseas country of France.
2. New Caledonia Oceania 267,000 Collectivity of France with special status
2. Aosta Valley Europe 128,000 Autonomous region of Italy
3. Saint-Martin North America 37,264 Overseas collectivity of France
4. Wallis and Futuna Oceania 15,289 Overseas collectivity of France
5. Saint-Barthélemy North America 9,131 Overseas collectivity of France
6. Saint-Pierre and Miquelon North America 5,888 Overseas collectivity of France
7. Clipperton Island North America 0 Minor territory of France directly held by the government
8. French Southern and Antarctic Lands Africa and Antarctica 0 Overseas collectivity of France

Note: Réunion, Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana and Mayotte are classified as overseas regions of France and are thus not a part of this list.


Minority in other countries[edit]

Regions Country Status
Africa
Algeria unofficial, but widely used
Benin official
Burkina Faso official
Burundi co-official with Kirundi
Cameroon co-official with English
Central African Republic co-official with Sango
Chad co-official with Arabic
Comoros co-official with Arabic and Comorian
Democratic Republic of Congo official
Republic of Congo official
Djibouti co-official with Arabic
Equatorial Guinea co-official with Spanish and Portuguese
Gabon official
Ghana minority language; majority in Bono Region, Oti Region, Upper East Region, Upper West Region, Western North Region, Western Region and the rest of Western Togoland
Guinea official
Ivory Coast official
Madagascar co-official with Malagasy
Mali official
Mauritania de facto
Mauritius de facto
Morocco de facto
Niger official
Nigeria minority language; majority in Adamawa State, Cross River State and Taraba State
Réunion official
Rwanda co-official with English, Kinyarwanda and Swahili
Senegal official; Wolof most widely spoken
Seychelles co-official with English and Seychellois Creole
Togo official
Tunisia unofficial, but widely used
Asia Cambodia minority
Vietnam minority
Laos administrative language
Lebanon unofficial, but spoken by the majority
India in Puducherry, co-official with Tamil, Telugu, and Malayalam,
in Chandannagar co-official with Bengali
Singapore minority
Jordan minority
Syria minority
Europe
Andorra spoken, not official
Belgium co-official with Dutch and German
Bulgaria minority
Czech Republic minority
Cyprus significant minority
Denmark minority
France official
Greece significant minority
Hungary minority
Ireland minority
Italy rarely spoken; co-official in the Aosta Valley
Luxembourg co-official with Luxembourgish and German
Monaco official
Norway minority, from immigration from DRC
Poland minority
Portugal minority
Romania minority
Spain minority in Basque Country and Catalonia
Switzerland co-official with German, Italian, and Romansh
North America Canada co-official with English; majority in Quebec, minority in New Brunswick, Ontario, Manitoba, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia
Guadeloupe official
Haiti co-official with Haitian Creole
Mexico minority
Martinique official
Saint Barthelemy official
Saint Martin official
Saint Pierre and Miquelon official
United States minority language, spoken mainly in Louisiana, Maine, Vermont, and New Hampshire[3]
Oceania French Polynesia official
New Caledonia official
Vanuatu co-official with English and Bislama
Wallis and Futuna official
South America Argentina minority
Brazil minority, significantly in RJ/ES and other coastal states; see French, Belgian and Swiss Brazilians
Chile minority
French Guiana official
Uruguay minority

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Animesh Rai (2020). The Legacy of French Rule in India (1674-1954): An investigation of a process of Creolization. Institut français de Pondichéry. ISBN 9791036549892.
  2. ^ "Google Public Data Explorer". World Bank. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  3. ^ [1] Johnson, Fern L. "Speaking culturally: language diversity in the United States," Table 1.5: "Speakers age 5 years and older of top 25 languages other than English." Sage Publications, Inc., 1999. Page 12. ISBN 978-0-8039-5912-5. Retrieved 5 August 2011