List of territorial entities where Russian is an official language

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The Russian language is official in over 38 countries, autonomous regions, de facto independent nation-states, and regions, all of which are listed below. This is a list of countries and territories where Russian is an official language:

Countries where Russian is an official language[edit]

Some official functions[edit]

  •  Uzbekistan: Used in notary institutions and registry offices.[4]
  •  Tajikistan: Designated language of inter-ethnic communication. Also permitted in lawmaking.[5][6]

De facto[edit]

  •  Turkmenistan: Widely spoken as first or second language and functions as the language of the élite, major cities, and is taught in all schools along with English.[citation needed]

National subdivisions[edit]

In these subdivisions (non-sovereign countries (Republics, de facto independent states) and semi-autonomous regions), Russian has de jure official status, but other languages are used alongside in their respective regions at the subnational level.

Russia[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

Other[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barushka, Katerina (28 January 2015). "After decades of Russian dominance, Belarus begins to reclaim its language". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "On languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan - "Adilet" ILS". adilet.zan.kz. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  3. ^ "Kyrgyzstan: Driving the Russian Language from Public Life". EurasiaNet. 17 February 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  4. ^ "Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On Official Language"" (PDF). Refworld. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "The status of the Russian language in Tajikistan remains unchanged - Rahmon". RIA - RIA.ru. 2009-10-22. Retrieved 2016-09-30. 
  6. ^ "Russian language now able to be used again in lawmaking". News.tj. 2009-10-22. Retrieved 2011-06-09. 
  7. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Adygea, Article 5". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  8. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Altai, Article 13". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  9. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Article 1". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  10. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Buryatia, Article 67". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  11. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Chechnya, Article 10.1". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  12. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Chuvash, Article 10.1". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  13. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Dagestan, Article 11". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  14. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Ingushetia, Article 14". Government of Ingueshetia. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  15. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria, Article 76". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  16. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Kalmykia, Article 17". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  17. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Karachay-Cherkessia, Article 11.1; 11.2". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  18. ^ "Constitution of Russia, Article 11". Government of Karelia. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  19. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Khakassia, Article 69". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  20. ^ "Constitution of the Komi Republic, Article 67". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  21. ^ "Constitution of the Mari El Republic, Article 15". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  22. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Mordovia, Article 12". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  23. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Sakha, Article 46". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  24. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Article 15". PEC Agency. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  25. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Tartarstan, Article 8.1". Government of Tatarstan. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  26. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Tyva, Article 5.1". Constitution Garant. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  27. ^ a b "Russian became the official language in the three regions of Ukraine". Lenta. Lenta. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  28. ^ "Русский язык стал региональным в Запорожской области". Korrespondent. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  29. ^ "НИКОЛАЕВСКИЙ ОБЛСОВЕТ СДЕЛАЛ РУССКИЙ ЯЗЫК РЕГИОНАЛЬНЫМ". Novosti.DN. Novosti.DN. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  30. ^ "Russian language has official status in the Odessa region". Lenta. Lenta. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  31. ^ "Харьковские депутаты отреагировали на принятие закона о языках". Dozor. Dozor. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  32. ^ "Русскому языку на Харьковщине предоставили статус регионального". UKRinform. UKRinform. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  33. ^ "Русский язык стал региональным в Днепропетровской области". Korrespondent. Korrespondent. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  34. ^ "Городской совет Севастополя присвоил русскому языку статус регионального". Korrespondent. Korrespondent. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  35. ^ "КОНСТИТУЦИЯ ПРИДНЕСТРОВСКОЙ МОЛДАВСКОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ". Zakon-PMR. Zakon-PMR. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  36. ^ E-Democracy (PDF). E-Democracy http://www.e-democracy.md/files/elections/gagauzia2006/special-legal-status-gagauzia-en.pdf. Retrieved 1 February 2017.  Missing or empty |title= (help)