List of countries with Burger King franchises
A Burger King Whopper combo meal.
|Genre||Fast food restaurant|
|Founder||Insta-Burger King: Keith J. Kramer and Matthew Burns Burger King: David Edgerton and James McLamore|
|Headquarters||5505 Blue Lagoon Drive, Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States|
Number of locations
|Revenue||US$4.05 billion (FY 2015):30|
|US$363.0 million (FY 2015 RBI):30|
|US$1.912 billion (FY 2015 RBI):30|
|Total assets||US$18.41 billion (FY 2015 RBI):31|
|Total equity||US$2.912 billion (FY 2015 RBI):31|
Number of employees
|34,248 (FY 2015 RBI)|
|Parent||Restaurant Brands International|
This is a listing of countries with Burger King franchises. Burger King (BK) itself began as a franchise of its progenitor company, Insta-Burger King. It would grow in the United States using a combination of corporate locations and franchising, before divesting itself of its corporate holdings in 2013. It began its international expansion in 1969 with a location in Canada, followed by Australia in 1971, and Europe in 1975. Latin America and South America became part of its market later in that decade, Asia would follow in the 1980s, and Northern Africa and the Middle East shortly thereafter. Sub-Saharan Africa and the former nations of the Iron Curtain would come much later, beginning in the late 1990s and continuing into the 2010s.
As of 2014, Burger King now operates in almost every country in the Western Hemisphere, most of Europe and East Asia. It has also embarked on a plan to base a good portion of its future growth in the BRIC Nations of Brazil, Russia, India, and China with plans to open more than 3000 locations in three of those four countries. Burger King also has a longstanding presence at U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force installations worldwide, dating back to the 1980s under a contract with Army and Air Force Exchange Service. Today, while other chains such as Taco Bell, Popeyes, and Subway have a presence on military bases, virtually every major Army and Air Force installation hosts a BK restaurant.
Shortly after the acquisition of the chain by Pillsbury in 1969, Burger King opened its first Canadian restaurant in Windsor, Ontario, in 1969.:66 Other international locations followed soon after: Oceania in 1971 with its Australian franchise Hungry Jack's, and Europe in 1975 with a restaurant in Madrid, Spain. Beginning in 1982, BK and its franchisees began operating stores in several East Asian countries, including Japan, Taiwan, Singapore and South Korea. Due to high competition, all of the Japanese locations were closed in 2001; however, BK reentered the Japanese market in June 2007. BK's Central and South American operations began in Mexico in the late 1970s, and by the early 1980s it was operating locations in Caracas, Venezuela, Santiago, Chile and Buenos Aires, Argentina. While Burger King lags behind McDonald's in international locations by over 12,000 stores, by 2008 it had managed to become the largest chain in several countries including Mexico and Spain. The company divides its international operations into three segments: The Middle East, Europe and Africa division (EMEA), Asia-Pacific (APAC) and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).:5 In each of these regions, Burger King has established several subsidiaries to develop strategic partnerships and alliances to expand into new territories. In its EMEA group, Burger King's Switzerland-based subsidiary Burger King Europe GmbH is responsible for the licensing and development of BK franchises in those regions.:5, Exhibit 21:1 In the APAC region, the Singapore-based BK AsiaPac, Pte. Ltd. business unit handles franchising for East Asia, the Asian subcontinent and all Oceanic territories.:6, Exhibit 21:1 The LAC region includes Mexico, Central and South America and the Caribbean Islands.:6, Exhibit 21:1
During 2012, the African market saw a new agreement with Grand Parade Investments of South Africa to enter Africa's largest economy, with restaurants opening in 2013. The company began its move into Sub-Saharan Africa in May 2013 when Burger King opened its first outlets in South Africa. The company sold franchise rights to local gaming and slots machine operator Grand Parade Investments Ltd. The South African operation sold over double its initial forecasts in its opening weeks with sales of $474,838 at just one of its outlets in Cape Town in its first seven weeks. In a deal with local petrochemical company Sasol outlets will be opened at filling stations across the country from 2014. In April 2014 it was announced that due to high demand the number of new outlets being opened in 2014 would be increased from 12 to 14 across the country. As of December 2015 there are 51 Burger King restaurants in South Africa
|Country/Territory||Year entered||Master Franchisee||Notes|
|Egypt||2007||Olayan Group||Olayan's food service subsidiary, Hana International, is the master franchisee for the Middle East and north Africa. برغر كينغ (Arabic)|
|Morocco||2011||General First Food Services||First location is in Casablanca.
|South Africa||2013||BURGER KING® South Africa (Pty) Ltd||First location has opened in Cape Town (9 May 2013), with plans for more nationwide.|
|Ivory Coast||2016||Servair Côte d'Ivoire||First location is in Marcory.|
The first Burger King in Asia opened on Des Voeux Road, Hong Kong on 7 August 1979, as the 2500th Burger King globally. In 1982 saw franchisees opening stores in several East Asian countries, including Japan, Taiwan, Singapore and South Korea. Due to high competition, it withdrew from Japanese market in 2001. However, Burger King reentered Japanese market with an opening of the first store in Shinjuku, Tokyo in November 2006.
It also reentered Hong Kong market in December 2007. This time it's Hong Kong operation is wholly owned by North Asia Strategic, who obtained exclusive right to operate from BK AsiaPac Pte Limited. The first store was opened on 29 December 2007 in the Sun Arcade, Canton Road, Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon. As of 2008, total 15 stores was in operation, including 5 in Hong Kong Island (Central, Wanchai, Causeway Bay and Fortress Hill), 5 in Kowloon (Tsim Sha Tsui, Hung Hom, Mongkok, Wong Tai Sin and Tsz Wan Shan) and 5 in the New Territories. However, due to fierce competition, legal problems, and rising rents, the number of stores was reduced to two in late 2015.
2012 saw a major international expansion initiative. The primary thrust was aimed at the BRIC nations with several new master franchise agreements in those countries that will eventually create upwards of 2500 new stores by the 2020.[notes 1] One of these deals also creates the single largest international franchise agreement in the company history, a deal to open over 1000 stores in China with a new "super"-franchise headed by the Kurdoglu family of Turkey. An updated agreement with its Russian franchisee will see a major expansion into Siberia. This move puts Burger King in a superior position to chief rival McDonald's as it currently doesn't operate any locations east of the Ural Mountains.
|Country||Year entered||Master Franchisee||Notes|
|Afghanistan||Army and Air Force
Exchange Service (AAFES)
|Bahrain||Jawad Business Group (UAE)||Halal|
|Brunei||2014||Sinofood Express||1st store opened in February 2014 in Bandar Seri Begawan.|
|Cambodia||2013||Opened in Phnom Penh International Airport on 1 March 2013|
|China||2005||汉堡王 (Chinese) 12,000th location opened in Beijing.|
|Hong Kong||1979||North Asia Strategic Holdings, Ltd.||漢堡王 (2006 to present) / 堡加敬 (1970s to early 1980s) / 漢堡飽王 (1980s to 1990s) (Chinese)
Ever operated in Hong Kong (then a British colony) between 1970s–1990s
|India||2014||Blue Foods (western India), Everstone (North India)||1st store opened in November 2014 in Delhi.|
|Indonesia||2007||PT. Mitra Adiperkasa, Tbk||Burger King Closed their Burger King Stores in 1980s and open their stores again in April 2007 with the biggest outlet in Southeast Asia with management from PT. Mitra Adiperkasa, Tbk
|Israel||2016||Pierre Besnainou||ברגר קינג (Hebrew) Previously operated in the country from 1994–2010. The locations were Re-branded as Burger Ranch. In June 2015, the chain announced that it will relaunched in Israel. The first branch in Tel Aviv at the location of Rabin Square was opened in 1 February 2016.|
|Japan||2007||Lotteria (South Korea)||バーガーキング (Japanese) Previously operated in the country from 1993–2001|
|Jordan||Jordan American Food Co.||Halal|
|Kuwait||AAFES Olayan Group||AAFES location opened after the first Gulf War Olayan has license for Kuwait but there are no locations as of 2011|
|Kazakhstan||2012||Verny Capital||Opened in May 2012 in Almaty|
|Lebanon||2001||King Food SAL (Lebanon)||Subsidiary of Oyalan Halal|
|Maldives||2013||Minor International & Conglomerate||Opened at Ibrahim Nasir International Airport on 8 July 2013|
|Macao||North Asia Strategic Holdings, Ltd|
|Nepal||2011||Opened in Kathmandu in early 2011|
|Oman||2010||First Food Services Oman||Subsidiary of Oyalan Originally operated in the country in 1994–2005|
|Pakistan||2013||MCR Group||The first Burger King branch in Pakistan opened in Dolmen Mall, Karachi on 5 October 2013. This has been followed by an aggressive expansion strategy which resulted in opening of Burger King branches nationwide. Currently Burger King has ten branches in Pakistan : five in Karachi, one in Lahore, one in Islamabad, one in Faisalabad, one in Multan and one in Quetta. Halal|
|Philippines||1992||Jollibee Foods Corporation and BK Titans Inc.|
|Qatar||2001||Premier Food Services||Halal|
|South Korea||1984||Doosan Corporation||버거킹(Korean)
South Korea received its first Burger King store in 1984, and has 229 outlets as of February 2016. Burger King's 1000th Store of Asia also opened in this country (Gwacheon) in January 2013.
|Saudi Arabia||1991||Olayan Group||برغر كينغ (Arabic) Halal|
|Singapore||1982||Burger King Singapore Pte. Ltd||Halal First BK Whopper Bar in Asia|
|Sri Lanka||2013||Softlogic Restaurants Pvt Ltd (a fully owned subsidiary of Softlogic Holdings PLC)||Currently there are 11 outlets in Sri Lanka (Dated 8 May 2016)|
|Taiwan||1989||DaChan Great Wall Group||漢堡王 (Chinese)|
|Thailand||1994||The Minor Food Group||Offers delivery services|
|Timor-Leste||2013||Fast Food Timor Lda|
|United Arab Emirates||1993||First Food Services, LLC||Subsidiary of Oyalan Halal|
|Vietnam||2011||Opened at Tan Son Nhat International Airport, Ho Chi Minh City on 27 November 2011|
Burger King's growth into the Caribbean ocean began in 1963 when the company opened its first location in Puerto Rico. The Puerto Rican locations were the first restaurants the company opened outside the continental United States.
|Country/Territory||Year entered||Master Franchisee||Notes|
|Antigua and Barbuda||2012||Opened on 27 March, second branch opened in 1st half of 2013|
|Aruba||1981||All American Burgers Inc.||First hamburger QSR to enter market|
|Jamaica||1985||Restaurant Associates Limited||First Location in Ocho Rios|
|Puerto Rico||1963||First Burger King in Latin America and the Caribbean.|
|Trinidad and Tobago||2008|
Burger King began its expansion in Europe in 1975 with its first location in Madrid, Spain. In 1976, they opened on the Kurfürstendamm in former West Berlin, the first German Burger King branch opened its doors. Four years later in Darmstadt, Hesse, the first franchise; this was opened by Lothar Skala (former football player). In 1990, the first time a Burger King outlet in the neue Bundesländer (former Länder of the GDR, which were incorporated after German reunification in the Federal Republic of Germany) opened in Dresden, then still in mobile form.
In December 2012, Burger King returned to the French market, with an agreement with multinational operator Autogrill, a move that has met with some excitement in the country. In July 1997, it was announced the chain would be leaving the country, closing its 22 franchised and 17 corporate locations, after a poorly executed entry into the market that left it unable to compete against McDonald's and local chain Quick. The partnership with Autogrill is a move to consolidate Burger King's presence in travel plazas along major highways in France, Italy, Poland and other European nations.
In November 2013, Groupe Bertrand, who owns several restaurant franchises, acquires the Burger King master franchise, Autogrill becoming one of their franchisees. In September 2015, Groupe Bertrand announces being in talks with Quick's owner, investment found Qualium, to take over all the franchise and convert all Quick restaurants in France into Burger King.
In December 2013, Burger King returned to Finland, after three decades of absence. The first restaurant, located on Mannerheimintie in central Helsinki, instantly proved so popular that for every day since its opening, people have had to queue in front of the restaurant to get in, sometimes for over half an hour. The only exception so far has been Christmas time, when the restaurant was closed. According to Mikko Molberg, the leader of the Finnish Burger King franchise, the restaurant has attracted over 2000 customers on every single day, which has surprised the restaurant employees and the franchise owners.
The long queues have been extensively covered and ridiculed in social media, comparing them to people queuing in front of a McDonald's restaurant in Moscow, Russia in the early 1990s, and contrasting them with the nearly nonexistent queues to Burger King restaurants in Stockholm, Sweden.
|Country/Territory||Year entered||Master Franchisee||Notes|
|Austria||Theophil Holding GmbH|
|Belarus||2015||First restaurant was opened in Minsk on 9 July.|
|Croatia||2014||First restaurant is located at the Tifon gas station on the A1 freeway. Second restaurant is located in Arena Centar shopping center, and was opened in June 2015.|
|Cyprus||2003||WOW Burgers||All Burger King restaurants in Cyprus were closed down, after Burger King Europe launched legal proceedings against King Franchises (the Cyprus franchisee, that belonged to businessman Lambros Christofi) in 2012. Burger King re-entered Cyprus in 2014 by opening a restaurant in Paphos on March.|
|Czech Republic||2008||AmRest, BK Team, Autogrill|
|Finland||2013||Restel||First opened in Helsinki in 1985, but closed a few years later. Returning to Finland in 2013, the first restaurant was opened in Helsinki on 13 December. By early 2016, 20 stores had been opened.|
|France||2012||Autogrill, Bertrand Group||1 restaurant in Marseille Provence Airport, opened on 22 December 2012. There were no restaurants in France between 1997 and 2012. 1 restaurant opened on 16 December 2013 in Paris, Saint-Lazare Station. Also a restaurant at the euro tunnel departure in Calais as of 2014. As of June 2016, Burger King has 50 restaurants in France.|
|Germany||1976||First BK Whopper Bar in Europe (Munich)|
|Italy||1999||Autogrill||First restaurant opened in Milan. 134 outlets on February 2016– (source BurgerKing.it)|
|Jersey||2016||Sandpiper CI||Only one in Jersey, but there were two others in the past.|
|Macedonia||2011||TAB Gıda||The first Burger King restaurant in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia was opened in August 2011 and it is located at the Skopje airport.|
|Malta||Simonds Farsons Cisk|
|Poland||1992||AmRest||About 70 outlets by the end of 2013.|
|Portugal||2001||Ibersol Group||Ibersol also distributes Pizza Hut and KFC, under license of Yum! Brands.|
|Russia||2010||Burger Rus Ltd (joint company of VTB and Shokoladnitsa), Ginza Project||First Russian outlet opened in Moscow 21 January 2010. Бypгep Kинг (Russian)|
|Slovenia||2011||Sportina Group||First restaurant is located in the capital city of Ljubljana. Opened in March 2011.|
|Serbia||2016–2017?||??||First restaurant will be located in the capital city of Belgrade.|
|Spain||1975||First location in Europe (Madrid) Largest fast food burger chain in Spain Spain is the country with the biggest amount of BK restaurants in Europe, with more than 600 restaurants. Burger King opened up to 50 new restaurants in Spain in 2015, with an expected growth of more than 750 restaurants by 2018.|
|Sweden||1976||King Foods||First location opened in Malmö on Per Albin Hanssons väg.|
|Turkey||1995||TAB Gıda||Burger King was introduced into Turkey in 1995.|
|United Kingdom||1977||First restaurant was located on Coventry Street in Central London|
Since its purchase in 2011, Burger King has seen 14% sales increase in its Latin American and Caribbean operations. The continued expansion in these market could provide a significant portions of Burger King's growth during the decade of the 2010s. In the Mexican market, Burger King sold 97 corporate-owned locations to its largest franchisee in that country. The deal means multi-chain operator Alsea S.A.B. de C.V will eventually operate approximately half of Mexico's 400+ Burger King locations while receiving exclusive expansion rights in Mexico for a twenty-year period. Elsewhere in Central America, Burger King entered in a deal with another of its franchises, the Beboca Group of Panama, to create a new corporate entity to handle expansion and logistics in the LAC region which until this time had no centralized operations group.:6, Exhibit 21:1 The deal follows a unification of the company's web presence in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as aligning all of its various web initiatives including mobile services, Facebook presence and guest relation tools. The Latin American moves are part of a corporate plan to take advantage of the growing middle class in these regions.
|Country/Territory||Year entered||Master Franchisee||Notes|
|Canada||1968||Redberry Investments Inc.||First international location|
|Costa Rica||1991||Closed in October 2015 because of numerous issues with local franchiser and license usage. Returned back in June 2016 with a new restaurant opened in San José.|
|Guatemala||1989||First location in La zona nueve|
|Mexico||1991||Burger King Mexicana, S.A. de C.V.|
|United States||1954 1957||N/A||Originally founded as Insta-Burger King in 1954, purchased in 1957 by current company|
When Burger King moved to expand its operations into Australia, it found that its business name was already trademarked by a takeaway food shop in Adelaide. The Australian franchisee, Jack Cowin, selected the "Hungry Jack" brand name, one of then Burger King's owner Pillsbury's U.S. pancake mixture products, and slightly changed the name to a possessive form by adding an apostrophe and "s" to form the new name "Hungry Jack's". In 1996, shortly after the Australian trademark on the Burger King name lapsed, Burger King began to open its own Australian stores in 1997. As a result of Burger King's actions, Hungry Jack's owner Jack Cowin and his company Competitive Foods Australia, began legal proceedings in 2001 against the Burger King Corporation. Hungry Jack's won the case, and Burger King eventually left the country. Hungry Jack's took ownership of the former Burger King locations and subsequently renamed the remaining Burger King locations as Hungry Jack's.
|Country/Territory||Year entered||Master Franchisee||Notes|
|Australia||1971||Hungry Jack's Pty Ltd||Hungry Jacks is the master franchise for Australia|
|New Zealand||1994||Anchorage Capital Partners||Original owners, TPF Group, sold company in 2009|
|Country/Territory||Year entered||Master Franchisee||Notes|
|Argentina||1989||Fast Food Sudamericana S.A.|
|Bolivia||2002||Samuel Doria Medina|
|Brazil||2006||Multiple||Operates with a territorial franchises system|
|Colombia||2008||Kinco S.A.||Operated during 1980s.|
|Chile||1994||Fast Food Sudamericana S.A.|
|Ecuador||1982||Resrap/Alicosta Bk Holding|
|Suriname||2008||Multiple||First restaurant is located in the capital city of Paramaribo|
|Country||Year entered||Year closed||Year re-entered||Master Franchisee||Notes|
|Australia||1997||2003 (converted)||Trans-Pacific Foods (TPF)||Operated 1997–2003 violating franchise agreements, all stores re-branded as Hungry Jack's
10,000th location opened in Sydney
|Costa Rica||1992||2015||2016||29 restaurants were available in Costa Rica from 1992, but they all closed in October 2015, due to a financial crisis of the Costa Rican Burger King franchise.
Reopened in June 2016 with a new franchise.
|Finland||1980||late 1980s||2013||Operated in Helsinki and Tampere for a short period in 1980s, Burger King came back and opened its new restaurant in Finland, in 2013|
|France||1980||1998||2012||Closed French outlets in 1998 (most of restaurants bought by Quick and McDonald's), and a return had begun at Marseille airport on 22 December 2012. Others to open from 2013 with no further information (14 January)|
|Greece||1984||2009||Upcoming||It is unknown when Burger King left Greece. They were certainly operating in 2004 and possibly until 2009. In December 2014, Burger King announced their massive entrance to Greece.|
|Iceland||2004||2010||Left on 31 December 2008.|
|Israel||1994||2010||2015||Burger King Israel||Closed on 9 May 2010. Re-branded as Burger Ranch. In June 2015, the chain announced that it will relaunch in Israel. The first new restaurant is located on Rabin Square, Tel Aviv.|
|Romania||2008||2012||Left in 2012.|
|Slovakia||2010||2011||Opened in March 2010, closed in December 2011 due a bankruptcy.|
|Ukraine||2006||2006||Operated in Kiev for a short period in 2006 as a trial run.|
|United States Virgin Islands||1983||1997||Left both St. Croix and St. Thomas in 1997|
Burger King has approximately 20 foreign subsidiaries to oversee operations in the markets it does business.
|Administracion de Comidas Rapidas, S.A. de C.V.||Mexico|
|BK Argentina Servicios, S.A.||Argentina|
|BK Asiapac (Japan) Y.K.||Japan||Oversees franchise operations in Japan|
|BK Asiapac, Pte. Ltd.||Singapore||Oversees franchise operations in east Asia, the Pacific rim and Oceania except Australia|
|BK Grundstücksverwaltungs Beteiligungs GmbH||Germany|
|BK Grundstücksverwaltungs GmbH & Co. KG||Germany|
|BK Venezuela Servicios, C.A.||Venezuela|
|BK (Hong Kong) Development Co. Limited||Hong Kong|
|Burger King (Gibraltar) Ltd.||Gibraltar|
|Burger King (Hong Kong) Limited||Hong Kong|
|Burger King (Luxembourg) S.a.r.l.||Luxembourg|
|Burger King (Shanghai) Commercial Consulting Co. Ltd.||China|
|Burger King (Shanghai) Restaurant Company Ltd.||China|
|Burger King (United Kingdom) Ltd.||United Kingdom|
|Burger King A.B||Sweden|
|Burger King B.V.||Netherlands|
|Burger King Beteiligungs GmbH||Germany|
|Burger King Restaurant Operations of Canada, Inc.||Canada|
|Burger King de Puerto Rico, Inc.||Puerto Rico|
|Burger King do Brasil Assessoria a Restaurantes Ltda.||Brazil|
|Burger King Espana S.L.U.||Spain|
|Burger King Europe GmbH||Switzerland||Oversees franchise operations in Europe, Africa and west Asia.|
|Burger King Gıda Sanayi ve Ticaret Limited Şirketi||Turkey|
|Burger King GmbH München||Germany|
|Burger King Interamerica, LLC||Florida|
|Burger King Israel Ltd.||Israel|
|Burger King Italia, S.r.L||Italy|
|Burger King Korea Ltd.||South Korea|
|Burger King Mexicana, S.A. de C.V.||Mexico|
|Burger King Restaurants B.V.||Netherlands|
|Burger King Singapore Pte. Ltd.||Singapore|
|Burger King Restaurants of Canada Inc.||Canada|
|Burger King (RUS) LLC||Russia|
|Burger King Schweiz GmbH||Switzerland|
|Burger King Sweden, Inc.||Florida|
|Burger King Europe GmbH||United Kingdom|
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