List of countries with Burger King franchises

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Burger King
Subsidiary
Industry Restaurants
Genre Fast food restaurant
Predecessor Insta-Burger King
Founded
Founder
Headquarters 5505 Blue Lagoon Drive
Miami-Dade County, Florida
United States
Area served
Global
Key people
Products
Revenue Decrease US$1.97 billion (FY 2012)[3]:6
Decrease US$363.0 million (FY 2012)[3]:36
Increase US$117.7 million (FY 2012)[3]:6
Total assets Increase US$5.564 billion (FY 2012)[3]:12
Total equity Increase US$1.175 billion (FY 2012)[3]:12
Number of employees
34,248 (FY 2011)
Parent Restaurant Brands International
Website

www.bk.com

This is a listing of countries with Burger King franchises. Burger King itself began as a franchise of its progenitor company, Insta-Burger King. It would grow in the United States utilizing a combination of corporate locations and franchising, before divesting itself of its corporate holdings in 2013. It began its international expansion in 1969 with a location in Canada, followed by Australia in 1971, and Europe in 1975. Latin America and South America became part of its market later in that decade, Asia would follow in the 1980s, and Northern Africa and the Middle East shortly thereafter. Sub-Saharan Africa and the former nations of the Iron Curtain would come much later, beginning in the late 1990s and continuing into the 2010s.

As of 2014, Burger King now operates in almost every country in the Western Hemisphere, most of Europe and East Asia. It has also embarked on a plan to base a good portion of its future growth in the BRIC Nations of Brazil, Russia, India, and China with plans to open more than 3000 locations in three of those four countries. Burger King also has a longstanding presence at U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force installations worldwide, dating back to the 1980s under a contract with Army and Air Force Exchange Service. Today, while other chains such as Taco Bell, Popeyes, and Subway have a presence on military bases, virtually every major Army and Air Force installation hosts a BK restaurant.

History[edit]

A Spanish Burger King.
A Burger King restaurant with drive-thru, playground and terrace in Orihuela Costa, Spain. Spain was the location of the first continental European Burger King.

Shortly after the acquisition of the chain by Pillsbury in 1969, Burger King opened its first Canadian restaurant in Windsor, Ontario, in 1969.[4]:66[5] Other international locations followed soon after: Oceania in 1971 with its Australian franchise Hungry Jack's, and Europe in 1975 with a restaurant in Madrid, Spain.[6][7] Beginning in 1982, BK and its franchisees began operating stores in several East Asian countries, including Japan, Taiwan, Singapore and South Korea.[8] Due to high competition, all of the Japanese locations were closed in 2001; however, BK reentered the Japanese market in June 2007.[9] BK's Central and South American operations began in Mexico in the late 1970s, and by the early 1980s it was operating locations in Caracas, Venezuela, Santiago, Chile and Buenos Aires, Argentina.[8] While Burger King lags behind McDonald's in international locations by over 12,000 stores, by 2008 it had managed to become the largest chain in several countries including Mexico and Spain.[10] The company divides its international operations into three segments: The Middle East, Europe and Africa division (EMEA), Asia-Pacific (APAC) and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).[3]:5 In each of these regions, Burger King has established several subsidiaries to develop strategic partnerships and alliances to expand into new territories. In its EMEA group, Burger King's Switzerland-based subsidiary Burger King Europe GmbH is responsible for the licensing and development of BK franchises in those regions.[3]:5, Exhibit 21:1[11] In the APAC region, the Singapore-based BK AsiaPac, Pte. Ltd. business unit handles franchising for East Asia, the Asian subcontinent and all Oceanic territories.[3]:6, Exhibit 21:1[12][13] The LAC region includes Mexico, Central and South America and the Caribbean Islands.[3]:6, Exhibit 21:1

Africa[edit]

countries in Africa with Burger King locations
Map of countries in Africa with Burger King locations

During 2012, the African market saw a new agreement with Grand Parade Investments of South Africa to enter Africa's largest economy, with restaurants opening in 2013.[14] The company began its move into Sub-Saharan Africa in May 2013 when Burger King opened its first outlets in South Africa. The company sold franchise rights to local gaming and slots machine operator Grand Parade Investments Ltd. The South African operation sold over double its initial forecasts in its opening weeks with sales of $474,838 at just one of its outlets in Cape Town in its first seven weeks. In a deal with local petrochemical company Sasol outlets will be opened at filling stations across the country from 2014.[15] In April 2014 it was announced that due to high demand the number of new outlets being opened in 2014 would be increased from 12 to 14 across the country.[16] As of January 2015 there are 34 Burger King restaurants in South Africa [17]

A Burger King restaurant located in Egypt
Country/Territory Year
entered
Master Franchisee Notes
 Egypt 2007 Olayan Group Olayan's food service subsidiary, Hana International, is the master franchisee for the Middle East and north Africa. برغر كينغ (Arabic)

[18][19]

 Morocco 2011 Olayan Group First location is in Casablanca.
 South Africa 2013 BURGER KING® South Africa (Pty) Ltd First location has opened in Cape Town (9 May 2013), with plans for more nationwide.[20][21]

Asia[edit]

Countries in Asia with Burger King locations
Map of countries in Asia with Burger King locations

Burger King's entrance into the Asian marketplace took place in late-1970 first in Hong Kong. In 1982 saw franchisees opening stores in several East Asian countries, including Japan, Taiwan, Singapore and South Korea.[8] Due to high competition, it withdrew from Japanese market in 2001.[9] However, Burger King reentered Japanese market with an opening of the first store in Shinjuku, Tokyo in November, 2006.[22]

2012 saw a major international expansion initiative. The primary thrust was aimed at the BRIC nations with several new master franchise agreements in those countries that will eventually create upwards of 2500 new stores by the 2020.[23][notes 1] One of these deals also creates the single largest international franchise agreement in the company history, a deal to open over 1000 stores in China with a new "super"-franchise headed by the Kurdoglu family of Turkey.[24] An updated agreement with its Russian franchisee will see a major expansion into Siberia. This move puts Burger King in a superior position to chief rival McDonald's as it currently doesn't operate any locations east of the Ural Mountains.[25][26]

A Burger King restaurant located in the city of Shanghai.
A Burger King outlet in San Fernando, Pampanga, Philippines.
Country Year
entered
Master Franchisee Notes
 Afghanistan Army and Air Force
Exchange Service
(AAFES)
 Bahrain Jawad Business Group (UAE) Halal[27]
 Brunei 2014 Sinofood Express 1st store opened in February 2014 in Bandar Seri Begawan.
 Cambodia 2013 Opened in Phnom Penh International Airport on 1 March 2013[28]
 China 2005 汉堡王 (Chinese)
12,000th location opened in Beijing.[29][30]
 Hong Kong 2006 North Asia Strategic Holdings, Ltd.[31] 漢堡王 (2006 to present) / 堡加敬 (1970s to early 1980s) / 漢堡飽王 (1980s to 1990s)  (Chinese)
Ever operated in Hong Kong (then a British colony) between 1970s-1990s
 India 2014 Everstone Group 1st store opened in November 2014 in Delhi.
 Indonesia 2007 PT. Mitra Adiperkasa, Tbk Burger King Closed their Burger King Stores in 1980s and open their stores again in April 2007 with the biggest outlet in Southeast Asia with management from PT. Mitra Adiperkasa, Tbk

Halal

 Iraq 2003 AAFES
 Japan 2007 Lotteria (South Korea) バーガーキング (Japanese)
Previously operated in the country from 1993-2001[32]
 Jordan Jordan American Food Co. Halal[33]
 Kuwait AAFES
Olayan Group
AAFES location opened after the first Gulf War[34]
Olayan has license for Kuwait but there are no locations as of 2011[18][19]
 Kazakhstan 2012 Verny Capital Opened in May 2012 in Almaty
 Lebanon 2001 King Food SAL (Lebanon) Subsidiary of Oyalan
Halal[35]
 Malaysia 1997 Multiple[36]
 Maldives 2013 Minor International & Conglomerate Opened at Ibrahim Nasir International Airport on 8 July 2013
 Macao North Asia Strategic Holdings, Ltd[31]
   Nepal 2011 Opened in Kathmandu in early 2011
 Oman 2010 First Food Services Oman Subsidiary of Oyalan
Originally operated in the country in 1994-2005[37]
 Pakistan 2013 MCR Group The first BK branch in Pakistan opened in Dolmen Mall, Karachi on 5 October 2013. This has been followed by an aggressive expansion strategy which resulted in opening of BK branches in Multan and Islamabad. Currently, there are five BK branches in Karachi, one branch each in Multan, Islamabad, Lahore and Quetta. BK opened its latest branch in Faisalabad on 6 December 2014.
 Philippines 1992 Jollibee Foods Corporation and BK Titans Inc.
 Qatar 2001 Premier Food Services Halal[38]
 South Korea 1984 Doosan Corporation[39] 버거킹(Korean)[40]
 Saudi Arabia 1991 Olayan Group برغر كينغ (Arabic)
Halal[41]
 Singapore 1982 Burger King Singapore Pte. Ltd Halal[42]
First BK Whopper Bar in Asia[43]
 Sri Lanka 2013 Softlogic Restaurants Pvt Ltd (a fully owned subsidiary of Softlogic Holdings PLC) Halal[44]
Branches operating in Collpetty, Mt. Lavinia, Rajagiriya and Kandy.
 Taiwan 1989 DaChan Great Wall Group 漢堡王 (Chinese)[45]
 Thailand 1994 The Minor Food Group[46][47] Offers delivery services
 Timor-Leste 2013 Fast Food Timor Lda
 United Arab Emirates 1993[48] First Food Services, LLC Subsidiary of Oyalan
Halal[49]
 Vietnam 2011 Opened at Tan Son Nhat International Airport, Ho Chi Minh City on 27 November 2011

Caribbean[edit]

countries in the Caribbean with Burger King locations
Map of countries in the Caribbean with Burger King locations

Burger King's growth into the Caribbean ocean began in 1963 when the company opened its first location in Puerto Rico. The Puerto Rican locations were the first restaurants the company opened outside the continental United States.[50]

Country/Territory Year
entered
Owner Notes
 Antigua and Barbuda 2012 Opened on 27 March, second branch opened in 1st half of 2013
 Aruba 1981 All American Burgers Inc. First hamburger QSR to enter market
 Bahamas
 Barbados 2013
 Cayman Islands
 Curaçao
 Dominican Republic 1994
 Jamaica 1985 Restaurant Associates Limited First Location in Ocho Rios[51]
 Saint Lucia
 Puerto Rico 1963 First Burger King in Latin America and the Caribbean.
 Sint Maarten
 Trinidad and Tobago 2008

Europe[edit]

Countries in Europe with Burger King locations
Map of countries in Europe with Burger King locations

Burger King began its expansion in Europe in 1975 with its first location in Madrid, Spain.[7]

1976 opened on the Kurfürstendamm in the former West Berlin, the first German Burger King branch its doors. Four years later in Darmstadt, Hesse, the first franchise; this was opened by Lothar Skala (former football player). In 1990, the first time a Burger King outlet in the neue Bundesländer (former Länder of the GDR, which were incorporated after German reunification in the Federal Republic of Germany) opened in Dresden, then still in mobile form.

Burger King returned to the French market in 2012 with an agreement with multinational operator Autogrill,[52] a move that has met with some excitement in the country.[53][54] The chain left the country in 1997, closing its 22 franchised and 17 corporate locations after a poorly executed entry into the market that left it unable to compete against McDonald's and local chain Quick.[55][56] The partnership with Autogrill is a move to consolidate Burger King's presence in travel plazas along major highways in France, Italy, Poland and other European nations.[57]

In December 2013, Burger King returned to Finland after three decades of absence. The first restaurant, located on Mannerheimintie in central Helsinki, instantly proved so popular that for every day since its opening, people have had to queue in front of the restaurant to get in, sometimes for over half an hour. The only exception so far has been Christmas time, when the restaurant was closed. According to Mikko Molberg, the leader of the Finnish Burger King franchise, the restaurant has attracted over 2000 customers on every single day, which has surprised the restaurant employees and the franchise owners. The long queues have been extensively covered and ridiculed in social media, comparing them to people queuing in front of a McDonald's restaurant in Moscow, Russia in the early 1990s, and contrasting them with the nearly nonexistent queues to Burger King restaurants in Stockholm, Sweden.[58]

In December 2013, Burger King returned to Finland after three decades of absence. This caused so much interest that people had to stand in queue for half an hour just to get into the restaurant.
Country/Territory Year
entered
Owner Notes
 Andorra
 Austria Theophil Holding GmbH
 Azerbaijan
 Belarus 2015 First restaurant was opened in Minsk on 9 July.
 Bulgaria 2008
 Crimea 2014 Burger King attempted to open on Ukrainian territory in 2006 but later closed. Opened in Crimea in 2014.
 Croatia 2014 First restaurant is located at the Tifon gas station on the A1 freeway.[59] Second restaurant is located in Arena Centar shopping center, and was opened in June 2015.[60]
 Cyprus 2003 WOW Burgers[61] All Burger King restaurants in Cyprus were closed down, after Burger King Europe launched legal proceedings against King Franchises (the Cyprus franchisee, that belonged to businessman Lambros Christofi) in 2012. Burger King re-entered Cyprus in 2014 by opening a restaurant in Paphos on March.
 Czech Republic 2008 AmRest, BK Team, Autogrill
 Denmark 1977
 Faroe Islands
 Finland 2013 Restel First opened in Helsinki in 1985, but closed a few years later. Returning to Finland in 2013, the first restaurant was opened in Helsinki on 13 December. By early 2015, 10 stores had been opened.
Former Yugoslav Republic Of Macedonia 2011 TAB Gıda The first Burger King restaurant in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia was opened in August 2011 and it is located at the Skopje airport.
 France 2012 Autogrill, Bertrand Group 1 restaurant in Marseille Provence Airport, opened on 22 December 2012. There were no restaurants in France between 1997 and 2012. 1 restaurant opened on 16 December 2013 in Paris, Saint-Lazare Station. Also a restaurant at the euro tunnel departure in Calais as of 2014
 Georgia TAB Gıda
 Germany 1976 First BK Whopper Bar in Europe (Munich)[62]
 Gibraltar
 Hungary 1991 Fusion Kft.
 Ireland 1981 OKR Group
 Italy 1999 Autogrill First restaurant opened in Milan..
 Macedonia 2011
 Malta Simonds Farsons Cisk
 Netherlands 1981
 Norway 1988 King Foods[63]
 Poland 1992 AmRest About 70 outlets by the end of 2013.
 Portugal Ibersol Group Ibersol also distributes Pizza Hut and KFC, under license of Yum! Brands.
 Russia 2010 Shokoladnitsa[64] First Russian outlet opened in Moscow 21 January 2010. Бypгep Kинг (Russian)
 Slovenia 2011 Sportina Group First restaurant is located in the capital city of Ljubljana. Opened in March 2011.
 Spain 1975 First location in Europe (Madrid)
Largest fast food burger chain in Spain[10]
 Sweden 1976 King Foods[63] First location opened in Malmö on Per Albin Hanssons väg.[65]
  Switzerland
 Turkey 1995 TAB Gıda Burger King was introduced into Turkey in 1995.[66]
 United Kingdom 1977 CPL Foods Ltd First restaurant was located on Coventry Street in Central London

North America[edit]

countries in North America with Burger King locations
Map of countries in North America with Burger King locations

North America is the company's home territory and home to its first non-American stores; it opened its first international restaurant in Windsor, Ontario, Canada in 1969.[4][5]

Since its purchase in 2011, Burger King has seen 14% sales increase in its Latin American and Caribbean operations.[67] The continued expansion in these market could provide a significant portions of Burger King's growth during the decade of the 2010s.[68] In the Mexican market, Burger King sold 97 corporate-owned locations to its largest franchisee in that country. The deal means multi-chain operator Alsea S.A.B. de C.V will eventually operate approximately half of Mexico's 400+ Burger King locations while receiving exclusive expansion rights in Mexico for a twenty-year period.[69] Elsewhere in Central America, Burger King entered in a deal with another of its franchises, the Beboca Group of Panama, to create a new corporate entity to handle expansion and logistics in the LAC region which until this time had no centralized operations group.[3]:6, Exhibit 21:1[70] The deal follows a unification of the company's web presence in Latin America and the Caribbean,[71] as well as aligning all of its various web initiatives including mobile services, Facebook presence and guest relation tools.[72] The Latin American moves are part of a corporate plan to take advantage of the growing middle class in these regions.[73]

A Burger King restaurant located in Chalco, Mexico City.
Country/Territory Year
entered
Owner Notes
 Canada 1968 Redberry Investments Inc.[74] First international location[75]
 Costa Rica 1992
 El Salvador 1994
 Guatemala 1989 First location in La zona nueve[76]
 Honduras
 Mexico 1991 Burger King Mexicana, S.A. de C.V.
 Nicaragua
 Panama
 United States 1954
1957
N/A Originally founded as Insta-Burger King in 1954,
purchased in 1957 by current company

Oceania[edit]

Countries in Oceania with Burger King locations
Map of countries in Oceania with Burger King locations
See also: Hungry Jack's

When Burger King moved to expand its operations into Australia, it found that its business name was already trademarked by a takeaway food shop in Adelaide.[77] The Australian franchisee, Jack Cowin, selected the "Hungry Jack" brand name, one of then Burger King's owner Pillsbury's U.S. pancake mixture products, and slightly changed the name to a possessive form by adding an apostrophe and "s" to form the new name "Hungry Jack's". In 1996, shortly after the Australian trademark on the Burger King name lapsed, Burger King began to open its own Australian stores in 1997.[78][79][80][81] As a result of Burger King's actions, Hungry Jack's owner Jack Cowin and his company Competitive Foods Australia, began legal proceedings in 2001 against the Burger King Corporation. Hungry Jack's won the case,[82][83][84] and Burger King eventually left the country.[85] Hungry Jack's took ownership of the former Burger King locations and subsequently renamed the remaining Burger King locations as Hungry Jack's.[79][86]

A Hungry Jack's/Coles Express/Shell outlet in Elizabeth Street, Hobart. From 1997 until it was rebranded in 2003 this was Hobart's first and only Burger King-branded outlet, and was the first Burger King in Australia to be located outside an airport.[81]
Country/Territory Year
entered
Owner Notes
 Australia 1971 Hungry Jack's Pty Ltd Hungry Jacks is the master franchise for Australia
 Guam
 New Zealand 1994 Anchorage Capital Partners Original owners, TPF Group, sold company in 2009[87]

South America[edit]

countries in South America with Burger King locations
Map of countries in South America with Burger King locations
A Burger King restaurant located in Guaruja, Brazil.
Country/Territory Year
entered
Owner Notes
 Argentina 1989 Fast Food Sudamericana S.A.[88]
 Bolivia 2002 Samuel Doria Medina[89]
 Brazil 2006 Multiple Operates with a territorial franchises system[90]
 Colombia 2008 Kinco S.A.[91] Operated during 1980s.
 Chile 1994 Fast Food Sudamericana S.A.[92]
 Ecuador 1982[93] Resrap/Alicosta Bk Holding[94]
 Guyana
 Paraguay 1995 Grupo Vierci.[95]
 Peru 1993[96] Sigdelo S.A.
 Suriname 2008 Multiple First restaurant is located in the capital city of Paramaribo[97]
 Uruguay 2008 ADISER S.A.[98]
 Venezuela 1980[99]

Abandoned markets[edit]

Country Year
entered
(Year closed)
Owner Notes
 Australia 1997 (converted in 2003) Trans-Pacific Foods (TPF) Operated 1997–2003 violating franchise agreements, all stores re-branded as Hungry Jack's[100]

10,000th location opened in Sydney[101]

 Finland 1980 (closed late 1980s-2013) Operated in Helsinki and Tampere for a short period in 1980s, Burger King came back and opened its new restaurant in Finland, in 2013[102]
 France 1980 (closed 1998-2012) Closed French outlets in 1998 (most of restaurants bought by Quick and McDonald's), and a return had begun at Marseille airport on 22 December 2012. Others to open from 2013 with no further information (14 January)[103]
 Greece 1984 (closed 2009) It is unknown when Burger King left Greece. They were certainly operating in 2004 and possibly until 2009. In December 2014, Burger King announced their massive entrance to Greece.[104]
 Iceland 2004 (closed 2010) Left on 31 December 2008.[105]
 Israel 1994 (converted in 2010) Orgad Holdings Closed on 9 May 2010
Re-branded as Burger Ranch.[106] On June 2015, the chain announced that it will relaunched in Israel during August.
 Romania 2008 (closed 2012) Left in 2012.
 Slovakia 2010 (closed 2011) Opened in March 2010, closed in December 2011 due a bankruptcy.
 Ukraine 2006 (closed 2006-2014) Operated in Kiev for a short period in 2006, returned in 2014 to Crimea.
 United States Virgin Islands 1983 (closed 1997) Left both St. Croix and St. Thomas in 1997

International subsidiaries[edit]

Burger King has approximately 20 foreign subsidiaries to oversee operations in the markets it does business.

Subsidiary Country/Territory Notes
Administracion de Comidas Rapidas, S.A. de C.V.  Mexico
BK Argentina Servicios, S.A.  Argentina
BK Asiapac (Japan) Y.K.  Japan Oversees franchise operations in Japan
BK Asiapac, Pte. Ltd.  Singapore Oversees franchise operations in east Asia, the Pacific rim and Oceania except Australia[12][13]
BK Grundstücksverwaltungs Beteiligungs GmbH  Germany
BK Grundstücksverwaltungs GmbH & Co. KG  Germany
BK Venezuela Servicios, C.A.  Venezuela
BK (Hong Kong) Development Co. Limited  Hong Kong
Burger King (Gibraltar) Ltd.  Gibraltar
Burger King (Hong Kong) Limited  Hong Kong
Burger King (Luxembourg) S.a.r.l.  Luxembourg
Burger King (Shanghai) Commercial Consulting Co. Ltd.  Hong Kong
Burger King (Shanghai) Restaurant Company Ltd.  Hong Kong
Burger King (United Kingdom) Ltd.  United Kingdom
Burger King A.B  Sweden
Burger King B.V.  Netherlands
Burger King Beteiligungs GmbH  Germany
Burger King Restaurant Operations of Canada, Inc.  Canada
Burger King de Puerto Rico, Inc.  Puerto Rico
Burger King do Brasil Assessoria a Restaurantes Ltda.  Brazil
Burger King Espana S.L.U.  Spain
Burger King Europe GmbH   Switzerland Oversees franchise operations in Europe, Africa and west Asia.
Burger King Gıda Sanayi ve Ticaret Limited Şirketi  Turkey
Burger King GmbH München  Germany
Burger King Interamerica, LLC  Florida
Burger King Israel Ltd.  Israel
Burger King Italia, S.r.L  Italy
Burger King Korea Ltd.  South Korea
Burger King Mexicana, S.A. de C.V.  Mexico
Burger King Restaurants B.V.  Netherlands
Burger King Singapore Pte. Ltd.  Singapore
Burger King Restaurants of Canada Inc.  Canada
Burger King (RUS) LLC  Russia
Burger King Schweiz GmbH   Switzerland
Burger King Sweden, Inc.  Florida
Burger King Europe GmbH  United Kingdom

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 1000+ locations in China, 1000+ in Brazil and 500+ in Russia. See citations below.

References[edit]

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