List of countries with Burger King franchises
A Burger King Whopper combo meal
|Genre||Fast food restaurant|
Keith J. Kramer and Matthew Burns
David Edgerton and James McLamore
|Headquarters||5505 Blue Lagoon Drive, Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States|
Number of locations
|Revenue||US$4.05 billion (FY 2015):30|
|US$363.0 million (FY 2015 RBI):30|
|US$1.912 billion (FY 2015 RBI):30|
|Total assets||US$18.41 billion (FY 2015 RBI):31|
|Total equity||US$2.912 billion (FY 2015 RBI):31|
Number of employees
|34,248 (FY 2015 RBI)|
|Parent||Restaurant Brands International|
This is a list of countries with Burger King franchises. Burger King (BK) itself began as a franchise of its progenitor company, Insta-Burger King. It grew in the United States using a combination of corporate locations and franchising, before divesting itself of its corporate holdings in 2013. It began its international expansion in 1969 with a location in Canada, followed by Australia in 1971, and Europe in 1975. Latin America and South America became part of its market later in that decade, Asia followed in the 1980s, and Northern Africa and the Middle East followed shortly thereafter. Sub-Saharan Africa and the former nations of the Iron Curtain came much later, beginning in the late 1990s and continuing into the 2010s.
As of 2014, Burger King operates in almost every country in the Western Hemisphere, and most of Europe and East Asia. It has embarked on a plan to base a good portion of its future growth in the BRIC Nations of Brazil, Russia, India, and China, with plans to open more than 3000 locations in three of those four countries. Burger King also has a longstanding presence at U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force installations worldwide, dating back to the 1980s under a contract with Army and Air Force Exchange Service. Today, while other chains such as Taco Bell, Popeyes, and Subway have a presence on military bases, virtually every major Army and Air Force installation hosts a BK restaurant.
Shortly after the acquisition of the chain by Pillsbury in 1969, Burger King opened its first Canadian restaurant in Windsor, Ontario, in 1969.:66 Other international locations followed soon after: Oceania in 1971 with its Australian franchise Hungry Jack's, and Europe in 1975 with a restaurant in Madrid, Spain. Beginning in 1982, BK and its franchisees began operating stores in several East Asian countries, including Japan, Taiwan, Singapore and South Korea. Due to high competition, all of the Japanese locations were closed in 2001; however, BK reentered the Japanese market in June 2007. BK's Central and South American operations began in Mexico in the late 1970s, and by the early 1980s it was operating locations in Caracas, Venezuela, Santiago, Chile and Buenos Aires, Argentina.
While Burger King lags behind McDonald's in international locations by over 12,000 stores, by 2008 it had managed to become the largest chain in several countries, including Mexico and Spain.
The company divides its international operations into three segments: The Middle East, Europe and Africa division (EMEA), Asia-Pacific (APAC) and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).:5 In each of these regions, Burger King has established several subsidiaries to develop strategic partnerships and alliances to expand into new territories. In its EMEA group, Burger King's Switzerland-based subsidiary Burger King Europe GmbH is responsible for the licensing and development of BK franchises in those regions.:5, Exhibit 21:1 In the APAC region, the Singapore-based BK AsiaPac, Pte. Ltd. business unit handles franchising for East Asia, the Asian subcontinent and all Oceanic territories.:6, Exhibit 21:1 The LAC region includes Mexico, Central and South America and the Caribbean Islands.:6, Exhibit 21:1
During 2012, the African market saw a new agreement with Grand Parade Investments of South Africa to enter Africa's largest economy, with restaurants opening in 2013. The company began its move into Sub-Saharan Africa in May 2013 when Burger King opened its first outlets in South Africa. The company sold franchise rights to local gaming and slots machine operator Grand Parade Investments Ltd. The South African operation sold over double its initial forecasts in its opening weeks with sales of $474,838 at just one of its outlets in Cape Town in its first seven weeks. In a deal with local petrochemical company Sasol, outlets were opened at filling stations across the country starting in 2014. In April 2014 it was announced that due to high demand, the number of new outlets being opened in 2014 would be increased from 12 to 14 across the country. As of December 2015 there are 51 Burger King restaurants in South Africa.
|Country/territory||Year entered||Master franchisee||Notes|
|Egypt||2007||Olayan Group||Olayan's food service subsidiary, Hana International, is the master franchisee for the Middle East and north Africa. برغر كينغ (Arabic)|
|Ivory Coast||2016||Servair Côte d'Ivoire||First location is in Marcory.|
|Kenya||2016||Servair Kenya||First location in the Hub Karen, Nairobi.|
|Morocco||2011||General First Food Services||First location is in Casablanca; halal|
|South Africa||2013||BURGER KING® South Africa (Pty) Ltd||First location opened in Cape Town on 9 May 2013, with plans for more nationwide|
The first Burger King in Asia opened on Des Voeux Road, Hong Kong on 7 August 1979, as the 2500th Burger King globally. In 1982, franchisees opened stores in several East Asian countries, including Japan, Taiwan, Singapore and South Korea. Due to high competition, it withdrew from the Japanese market in 2001. However, Burger King reentered the Japanese market by opening the first store in Shinjuku, Tokyo in November 2006.
It also reentered the Hong Kong market in December 2007. This time its Hong Kong operation is wholly owned by North Asia Strategic, who obtained the exclusive right to operate from BK AsiaPac Pte Limited. The first store was opened on 29 December 2007 in the Sun Arcade, Canton Road, Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon. As of 2008, 15 stores were in operation, including five in Hong Kong Island (Central, Wanchai, Causeway Bay and Fortress Hill), five in Kowloon (Tsim Sha Tsui, Hung Hom, Mongkok, Wong Tai Sin and Tsz Wan Shan) and five in the New Territories. However, due to fierce competition, legal problems, and rising rents, the number of stores was reduced to two in late 2015.
2012 saw a major international expansion initiative. The primary thrust was aimed at the BRIC nations, with several new master franchise agreements in those countries that will eventually create upwards of 2500 new stores by 2020.[notes 1] One of these deals also creates the single largest international franchise agreement in the company history, a deal to open over 1000 stores in China with a new "super"-franchise headed by the Kurdoglu family of Turkey. An updated agreement with its Russian franchisee will see a major expansion into Siberia. This move puts Burger King in a superior position to its chief rival McDonald's, as it currently doesn't operate any locations east of the Ural Mountains.
|Country||Year entered||Master franchisee||Notes|
|Afghanistan||Army and Air Force
Exchange Service (AAFES)
|Bahrain||Jawad Business Group (UAE)||Halal|
|Bangladesh||2016||Tiffin Box||Four branches opened at Banani, Bashundhara, Uttara and Dhanmondi in Dhaka as of 2017.|
|Brunei||2014||Sinofood Express||The first store opened in February 2014 in Bandar Seri Begawan.|
|Cambodia||2013||Opened in Phnom Penh International Airport on 1 March 2013|
|China||2005||汉堡王 (in Chinese) 12,000th location opened in Beijing.|
|Hong Kong||1979||North Asia Strategic Holdings, Ltd.||漢堡王 (2006 to present) / 堡加敬 (1970s to early 1980s) / 漢堡飽王 (1980s to 1990s) (in Chinese)
Ever operated in Hong Kong (then a British colony) between 1970s–1990s
|India||2014||Blue Foods (western India), Everstone (North India)||The first store opened in November 2014 in Delhi.|
|Indonesia||2007||PT. Mitra Adiperkasa, Tbk||Burger King closed their stores in the 1980s and opened again in April 2007 with the biggest outlet in Southeast Asia, with management from PT. Mitra Adiperkasa, Tbk. As of January 2017, it is currently operated in Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya, Bali and Lombok.
|Israel||2016||Pierre Besnainou||ברגר קינג (in Hebrew) Previously operated in the country from 1994–2010. The locations were Re-branded as Burger Ranch. In June 2015, the chain announced that it will relaunched in Israel. The first branch in Tel Aviv at the location of Rabin Square was opened in 1 February 2016.|
|Japan||2007||Lotteria (South Korea)||バーガーキング (in Japanese) Previously operated in the country from 1993–2001|
|Jordan||Jordan American Food Co.||Halal|
|Kuwait||AAFES Olayan Group||The AAFES location opened after the first Gulf War. Olayan has license for Kuwait but there were no locations as of 2011.|
|Kazakhstan||2012||Verny Capital||Opened in May 2012 in Almaty|
|Lebanon||2001||King Food SAL (Lebanon)||Subsidiary of Oyalan Halal|
|Malaysia||1997||Cosmo Restaurants Sdn Bhd|
|Maldives||2013||Minor International & Conglomerate||Opened at Ibrahim Nasir International Airport on 8 July 2013|
|Macau||North Asia Strategic Holdings, Ltd|
|Myanmar||2016||Minor Food Group||Opened at Yangon International Airport on 1 July 2016|
|Oman||2010||First Food Services Oman||Subsidiary of Oyalan Originally operated in the country in 1994–2005|
|Pakistan||2013||MCR Group||The first Burger King branch in Pakistan opened in Dolmen Mall, Karachi on 5 October 2013. This was followed by an aggressive expansion strategy which resulted in opening of Burger King branches nationwide. Currently Burger King has more than twenty branches in Pakistan: various in Karachi, various in Lahore, one in Islamabad, one in Faisalabad, one in Multan, one in Wah Cantt, one in Hyderabad, one in Peshawar and one in Quetta.|
|Philippines||1992||Jollibee Foods Corporation and BK Titans Inc.|
|Qatar||2001||Premier Food Services||Halal|
|South Korea||1984||Affinity Equity Partners||버거킹(in Korean)
South Korea received its first Burger King store in 1984, and has 236 outlets as of November 2016. Burger King's 1000th store in Asia also opened in this country (Gwacheon) in January 2013.
|Saudi Arabia||1991||Olayan Group||برغر كينغ (in Arabic) Halal|
|Singapore||1982||Burger King Singapore Pte. Ltd||Halal First BK Whopper Bar in Asia|
|Sri Lanka||2013||Softlogic Restaurants Pvt Ltd (a fully owned subsidiary of Softlogic Holdings PLC)||As of April 2017, there are 15 outlets in Sri Lanka.|
|Taiwan||1989||DaChan Great Wall Group||漢堡王 (in Chinese)|
|Thailand||1994||The Minor Food Group||Offers delivery services|
|Timor-Leste||2013||Fast Food Timor Lda|
|United Arab Emirates||1993||First Food Services, LLC||Subsidiary of Oyalan Halal|
|Vietnam||2011||Opened at Tan Son Nhat International Airport, Ho Chi Minh City on 27 November 2011|
Burger King's growth into the Caribbean began in 1963 when the company opened its first location in Puerto Rico. These locations were the first restaurants the company opened outside the continental United States.
|Country/territory||Year entered||Master franchisee||Notes|
|Antigua and Barbuda||2012||Opened on 27 March, second branch opened in 1st half of 2013|
|Aruba||1981||All American Burgers Inc.||First hamburger QSR (quick service restaurant) to enter market|
|Jamaica||1985||Restaurant Associates Limited||First location in Ocho Rios|
|Puerto Rico||1963||First Burger King in Latin America and the Caribbean|
|Trinidad and Tobago||2008|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||2017|
Burger King began its expansion in Europe in 1975 with its first location in Madrid, Spain. In 1976, they opened on the Kurfürstendamm in former West Berlin, the first German Burger King branch opened its doors. Four years later in Darmstadt, Hesse, the first franchise, was opened by former football player Lothar Skala. In 1990, the first time a Burger King outlet in the neue Bundesländer (former Länder of the GDR, which were incorporated after German reunification in the Federal Republic of Germany) opened in Dresden, then still in mobile form.
In December 2012, Burger King returned to the French market, with an agreement with multinational operator Autogrill, a move that has met with some excitement in the country. In July 1997, it was announced the chain would be leaving the country, closing its 22 franchised and 17 corporate locations, after a poorly executed entry into the market that left it unable to compete against McDonald's and local chain Quick. The partnership with Autogrill is a move to consolidate Burger King's presence in travel plazas along major highways in France, Italy, Poland and other European nations.
In November 2013, Groupe Bertrand, who owns several restaurant franchises, acquired the Burger King master franchise Autogrill, becoming one of their franchisees. In September 2015, Groupe Bertrand announced being in talks with Quick's owner, investment fund Qualium, to take over all the franchise and convert all Quick restaurants in France into Burger Kings.
In December 2013, Burger King returned to Finland, after three decades of absence. The first restaurant, located on Mannerheimintie in central Helsinki, instantly proved so popular that on every day since its opening, people queued in front of the restaurant to get in, sometimes for over half an hour. The only exception so far has been Christmas time, when the restaurant was closed. According to Mikko Molberg, the leader of the Finnish Burger King franchise, the restaurant has attracted over 2000 customers on every single day, which has surprised the restaurant employees and the franchise owners. The long queues have been extensively covered and ridiculed in social media, comparing them to people queuing in front of a McDonald's restaurant in Moscow, Russia in the early 1990s, and contrasting them with the nearly nonexistent queues at Burger King restaurants in Stockholm, Sweden.
|Country/territory||Year entered||Master franchisee||Notes|
|Austria||Theophil Holding GmbH||46 restaurants as of May 2017|
|Armenia||2017||The first restaurant was opened in Yerevan on 11 January.|
|Belarus||2015||The first restaurant was opened in Minsk on 9 July.|
|Belgium||2017||Burger Brands Belgium||Rebranding in part of 101 Quick of Belgium and Luxembourg|
|Bulgaria||2008||14 restaurants as of May 2017|
|Croatia||2014||The first restaurant is located at the Tifon gas station on the A1 freeway. The second restaurant is in the Arena Centar shopping center, and was opened in June 2015.|
|Cyprus||2003||WOW Burgers||All Burger King restaurants in Cyprus were closed down, after Burger King Europe launched legal proceedings against King Franchises (the Cyprus franchisee that belonged to businessman Lambros Christofi) in 2012. Burger King re-entered Cyprus in 2014 by opening a restaurant in Paphos on March.|
|Czech Republic||2008||AmRest, BK Team, Autogrill||14 restaurants as of May 2017|
|Estonia||2016||Restel||Operates in Tallink's cruise ships MS Star and MS Megastar, sailing between Tallinn and Helsinki, Finland. No restaurants outside cruise ships.|
|Finland||2013||Restel||First opened in Helsinki in 1985, but closed a few years later. Returning to Finland in 2013, the first restaurant was opened in Helsinki on 13 December. As of July 2017, 32 restaurants had been opened, including two in cruise ships of ferry company Tallink, sailing between Helsinki and Tallinn, Estonia.|
|France||2012||Bertrand Group, Autogrill||There is one restaurant in Marseille Provence Airport, opened on 22 December 2012. There were no restaurants in France between 1997 and 2012. One restaurant opened on 16 December 2013 in Paris, Saint-Lazare Station. There is also a restaurant at the euro tunnel departure in Calais as of 2014. As of June 2017, Burger King has 139 restaurants in France.|
|Georgia||2013||TAB Gıda||2 outlets in 2017|
|Germany||1976||First BK Whopper Bar in Europe (Munich). 688 restaurants as of 2017|
|Hungary||1991||Fusion Kft.||35 restaurants as of May 2017|
|Italy||1999||Autogrill||The first restaurant opened in Milan. There were 134 outlets as of February 2016.|
|Jersey||2016||Sandpiper CI||There is only one in Jersey, but there were two others in the past.|
|Luxembourg||2017||Rebranding in part of 101 Quick of Belgium and Luxembourg|
|Macedonia||2011||TAB Gıda||The first Burger King restaurant in the Republic of Macedonia was opened in August 2011, and is located at the Skopje airport.|
|Malta||Simonds Farsons Cisk|
|Netherlands||1981||57 restaurants in 2017|
|Norway||1988||King Foods||35 restaurants as of 2013|
|Poland||1992||AmRest||There were about 70 outlets by the end of 2013.|
|Portugal||2001||Ibersol Group||Ibersol also distributes Pizza Hut and KFC, under license of Yum! Brands. 39 restaurants as of 2013|
|Russia||2010||Burger Rus Ltd (joint company of VTB and Shokoladnitsa), Ginza Project||The first Russian outlet opened in Moscow on 21 January 2010. Бypгep Kинг (in Russian)|
|Slovenia||2011||Sportina Group||The first restaurant is located in the capital city of Ljubljana; it opened in March 2011.|
|Serbia||2016–2017?||The first restaurant will be located in the capital city of Belgrade.|
|Spain||1975||First location in Europe (Madrid) Largest fast food burger chain in Spain Spain is the country with the biggest amount of BK restaurants in Europe, with 561 restaurants. Burger King opened up to 50 new restaurants in Spain in 2015, with an expected growth of more than 750 restaurants by 2018.|
|Sweden||1976||King Foods||First location opened in Malmö on Per Albin Hanssons väg. There were 115 restaurants In the beginning of 2016.|
|Switzerland||In May 2017 there were 55 restaurants|
|Turkey||1995||TAB Gıda||Burger King was introduced into Turkey in 1995. There are 611 Burger King restaurants in Turkey as of 2017.|
|Ukraine||2017||The first Ukraine outlet opens in Kiev on Summer 2017. Бypгep Kінг (in Ukrainian)|
|United Kingdom||1977||The first restaurant was located on Coventry Street in Central London. 484 restaurants in the UK of 2013.|
Since its purchase in 2011, Burger King has seen a 14% sales increase in its Latin American and Caribbean operations. The continued expansion in these market could provide a significant portions of Burger King's growth during the decade of the 2010s. In the Mexican market, Burger King sold 97 corporate-owned locations to its largest franchisee in that country. The deal means multi-chain operator Alsea S.A.B. de C.V will eventually operate approximately half of Mexico's 400+ Burger King locations while receiving exclusive expansion rights in Mexico for a twenty-year period.
Elsewhere in Central America, Burger King entered in a deal with another of its franchises, the Beboca Group of Panama, to create a new corporate entity to handle expansion and logistics in the LAC region, which until this time had no centralized operations group.:6, Exhibit 21:1 The deal follows a unification of the company's web presence in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as aligning all of its various web initiatives including mobile services, Facebook presence and guest relation tools. The Latin American moves are part of a corporate plan to take advantage of the growing middle class in these regions.
|Country/territory||Year entered||Master franchisee||Notes|
|Canada||1968||Redberry Investments Inc.||First international location|
|Costa Rica||1991||Closed in October 2015 because of numerous issues with local franchiser and license usage; returned in June 2016 with a new restaurant opened in San José|
|Guatemala||1989||First location in La zona nueve|
|Mexico||1991||Burger King Mexicana, S.A. de C.V.|
|United States||1954 1957||Burger King Corporation||Founded as Insta-Burger King in 1954; purchased in 1957 by current company|
When Burger King moved to expand its operations into Australia, it found that its business name was already trademarked by a takeaway food shop in Adelaide. The Australian franchisee, Jack Cowin, selected the "Hungry Jack" brand name, one of then Burger King's owner Pillsbury's U.S. pancake mixture products, and slightly changed the name to a possessive form by adding an apostrophe and "s" to form the new name "Hungry Jack's". In 1996, shortly after the Australian trademark on the Burger King name lapsed, Burger King began to open its own Australian stores in 1997. As a result of Burger King's actions, Hungry Jack's owner Jack Cowin and his company Competitive Foods Australia, began legal proceedings in 2001 against the Burger King Corporation. Hungry Jack's won the case, and Burger King eventually left the country. Hungry Jack's took ownership of the former Burger King locations and subsequently renamed the remaining Burger King locations as Hungry Jack's.
|Country/territory||Year entered||Master franchisee||Notes|
|Australia||1971||Hungry Jack's Pty Ltd||Hungry Jack's is the master franchisee for Australia.|
|New Zealand||1993||Blackstone Group||Original owners, TPF Group, sold the company in 2009.|
|Country/territory||Year entered||Master franchisee||Notes|
|Argentina||1989||Fast Food Sudamericana S.A.|
|Bolivia||2002||Samuel Doria Medina|
|Brazil||2006||Multiple||Operates with a territorial franchises system|
|Colombia||2008||Kinco S.A.||Operated during 1980s|
|Chile||1994||Fast Food Sudamericana S.A.|
|Ecuador||1982||Resrap/Alicosta Bk Holding|
|Suriname||2008||Multiple||The first restaurant is located in the capital city of Paramaribo.|
|Country||Year entered||Year closed||Year re-entered||Master franchisee||Notes|
|Australia||1997||2003 (converted)||Trans-Pacific Foods (TPF)||Operated 1997–2003 violating franchise agreements, all stores re-branded as Hungry Jack's
10,000th location opened in Sydney
|Costa Rica||1992||2015||2016||29 restaurants were available in Costa Rica from 1992, but they all closed in October 2015, due to a financial crisis of the Costa Rican Burger King franchise.
Reopened in June 2016 with a new franchise.
|Finland||1980||late 1980s||2013||Burger King operated in Helsinki and Tampere for a short period in 1980s, then came back and opened its new restaurant in Finland in 2013.|
|France||1980||1998||2012||Closed French outlets in 1998 (most of restaurants bought by Quick and McDonald's), and a return had begun at Marseille Airport on 22 December 2012.|
|Greece||1984||2004-2009||Upcoming||It is unknown when Burger King left Greece. They were certainly operating in 2004 and possibly until 2009. In December 2014, Burger King announced their massive entrance to Greece.|
|Iceland||2004||2008||Left on 31 December 2008.|
|Israel||1994||2010||2015||Burger King Israel||Closed on 9 May 2010. Re-branded as Burger Ranch. In June 2015, the chain announced that it will relaunch in Israel. The first new restaurant is located on Rabin Square, Tel Aviv.|
|Romania||2008||2012||Left in 2012|
|Slovakia||2010||2011||Opened in March 2010; closed in December 2011 due to bankruptcy|
|Ukraine||2006||2006||2017||Operated in Kiev and Odessa for a short period in 2006. Burger King is set to open its new restaurant in Ukraine in 2017.|
|U.S. Virgin Islands||1983||1997||Left both St. Croix and St. Thomas in 1997|
Burger King has approximately 20 foreign subsidiaries to oversee operations in the markets it does business in.
|Administracion de Comidas Rapidas, S.A. de C.V.||Mexico|
|BK Argentina Servicios, S.A.||Argentina|
|BK Asiapac (Japan) Y.K.||Japan||Oversees franchise operations in Japan|
|BK Asiapac, Pte. Ltd.||Singapore||Oversees franchise operations in east Asia, the Pacific rim and Oceania except Australia|
|BK Grundstücksverwaltungs Beteiligungs GmbH & Co. KG||Germany|
|BK Venezuela Servicios, C.A.||Venezuela|
|BK (Hong Kong) Development Co. Limited||Hong Kong|
|Burger King (Gibraltar) Ltd.||Gibraltar|
|Burger King (Luxembourg) S.a.r.l.||Luxembourg|
|Burger King (Shanghai) Restaurant Company Ltd.||China|
|Burger King (United Kingdom) Ltd.||United Kingdom|
|Burger King SEE S.A.||Belgium||Subsidiary of Burger King Luxembourg; master franchisee for the Burger King Brand in Italy, Poland, Greece and Romania|
|Burger King A.B||Sweden|
|Burger King B.V.||Netherlands|
|Burger King Restaurant Operations of Canada, Inc.||Canada|
|Burger King de Puerto Rico, Inc.||Puerto Rico|
|Burger King do Brasil Assessoria a Restaurantes Ltda.||Brazil|
|Burger King Espana S.L.U.||Spain|
|Burger King Europe GmbH||Switzerland||Oversees franchise operations in Europe, Africa and west Asia|
|Burger King Gıda Sanayi ve Ticaret Limited Şirketi||Turkey|
|Burger King Interamerica, LLC||Florida|
|Burger King Israel Ltd.||Israel|
|Burger King Italia, S.r.L||Italy|
|Burger King Korea Ltd.||South Korea|
|Burger King (RUS) LLC||Russia|
|Burger King Sweden, Inc.||Sweden|
- 1000+ locations in China, 1000+ in Brazil and 500+ in Russia. See citations below.
- 2015 10-K SEC Filing, Restaurant Brands International, 31 December 2015, retrieved 12 May 2015
- Reiter, Ester (March 1996). Making Fast Food: From the Frying Pan Into the Fryer, 2nd edition. McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 64. ISBN 0-7735-1387-6. Retrieved 6 April 2008.
- "Burger King Canada Franchise" (Press release). Burger King Corporation. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
- "Burger King slips into Hungry Jacks uniform". the Sydney Morning Herald. Associated Press. 2 June 2003. Retrieved 8 March 2008.
- "Spain Nixes Burger King Ad". Associated Press. 16 November 2006. Retrieved 2 November 2010.
- "History of Burger King Corporation". Answers.com. FundingUniverse.com. Retrieved 24 October 2007.
- Kageyama, Yuri (8 June 2007). "Burger King back in Japan after 6 years". QSR Magazine. Retrieved 25 August 2007.
- "Burger King CEO John Chidsey on Innovation, Trust, and "The King"". Knowledge@Emory. Emory University. 15 November 2007. Archived from the original on 5 December 2007. Retrieved 1 March 2008.
- Cite error: The named reference
2012_8-Kwas invoked but never defined (see the help page).
- "The Burger King Brand Enters Poland" (Press release). Burger King Corporation. 12 March 2007. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
- Sanchez, Elizabeth L. (18 October 2006). "Ayala sells Burger King stake Lina, Pangilinan named as buyers.". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 29 October 2010.
- "The Burger King Brand Positioned for Growth in Taiwan" (Press release). Burger King Corporation. 2 October 2008. Archived from the original on 18 August 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
- "Burger King to open in South Africa". BBC News. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2013.
- "Burger King boosts Grand Parade". Bloomberg News. 3 September 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- Magwaza, Nompumelelo (7 April 2014). "Burger King gets bigger store bite". Business Report. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- "Burger King Restaurants". Burger King. 18 February 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "Burger King in the Middle East" (Press release). Olayan Group. Retrieved 10 March 2008.
- BI- Middle East (1 April 2007). "Burger King to expand in North African markets". Business Intelligence. Retrieved 11 April 2008.
- "Can Tex-Mex and Buffalo wings make it big in Africa?". Berkshire Eagle. 4 October 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- "Burger King, Sasol in SA expansion deal". southafrica.info. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- "Happy birthday – with a giant burger!". South China Morning Post. 8 August 1979. p. 8.
- North Asia Strategic Holding
- 首次進駐香港市中心 BURGER KING餐廳登陸尖沙咀
- Burger King Hong Kong – Locations
- Cheung, Karen (2 December 2015). "5 Burger King outlets shut shop amid legal, financial woes". Hong Kong Free Press.
- Jennings, Lisa (5 April 2005). "Burger King eager to take on McDonald's". Nation's Restaurant News. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
- Walker, Elaine (16 June 2012). "Burger King announces plans to open 1,000 restaurants in China". Miami Herald. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
- Sysoyeva, Marina (23 October 2013). "Burger King Plans Siberia Expansion in Russia Growth Market". Bloomberg. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- Gribtsova, Julia (29 October 2012). "Burger King begins its takeover of Russia in Siberia". Vedomosti.ru. rbth.ru. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- "Burger King Bahrain – FAQ". Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- "Fast food sector takes off". Phnom Penh Post. Cam111.com. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
- "Burger King Opens Franchise Restaurants in Mainland China". China Retail News. 9 April 2008. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- "China Sees Opening of Burger King's 12,000th Restaurant". China Retail News. 10 December 2008. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- "Burger King® To Expand in Hong Kong and Enter Macau" (Press release). Burger King Corporation. 23 March 2007. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- Eglash, Ruth (11 May 2010). "Burger Ranch to take over all local branches of Burger King". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 19 May 2010.
- Kaho, Shmizu (7 June 2007). "Burger King stages return under new management, realities". Japan Times. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
- "Burger King Jordan – FAQ". Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- "The Army and Air Force Exchange Services and Burger King Corporation Partner to Serve the Great American Burger(TM) for Free to Troops Overseas on The Fourth of July" (Press release). Burger King Corporation. 3 July 2003. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
- "Burger King Lebanon – FAQ". Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- "Burger King Malaysia". Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- "Burger King finally reopens in Oman". TheWeek. 19 May 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
- "Burger King Qatar – FAQ". Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- "버거킹 HISTORY". Burger King.
- "Burger King Qatar – FAQ". Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- "About Burger King Singapore". Retrieved 1 February 2011.
- Loh, Larry (26 September 2009). "Singapore's new Whopper Bar: Fast food dolled up". CNN International. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
- "About Burger King Sri lanka". Retrieved 1 February 2011.
- "Burger King Looks To Gain Market Share in Taiwan". China Retail News. 24 October 2008. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- "Burger King arm debuts veggie burger in Thailand". Nation's Restaurant news. Gale Group. 1 October 2001. Archived from the original on 3 May 2005. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
- Rungfapaisarn, Kwanchai (21 September 2010). "Newlook Burger King to target wider audience". The Nation. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
- "Burger King UAE celebrates 10th anniversary with huge beach party at Fluid Lagoon" (Press release). Hana International. 16 December 2003. Retrieved 2 February 2001.
- "Burger King UAE – FAQ". Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- "Burger King Corporation and Caribbean Restaurants LLC Announce PepsiCo Renewed Agreement in Puerto Rico" (Press release). Caribbean Restaurants LLC (Burger King Franchisee). 16 July 2001. Retrieved 2 November 2010.
- Burger King Jamaica, retrieved 23 September 2011
- Locker, Locker (27 December 2012). "Oh la Vache! Burger King Returns to France". Time Magazine. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- "French mouths water with the return of Burger King". France24. 30 November 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- Bhasin, Kim (4 February 2013). "Burger King Has A Weird Cult Following in France". Business Insider. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- Palterse, Christof (29 November 2012). "Burger King fait son retour en France avec Autogrill" (in French). Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- Cruz, Julie (5 February 2012). "Le Whopper Duels Le Big Mac in Burger King France Return". Bloomberg. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- "BK Packs Its Bags, Heads Back to France". QSR Magazine. 29 November 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- Patton, Leslie (26 November 2013). "Burger King Takes on McDonald's With New Pact in France". Bloomberg. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- Jarvis, Paul (29 September 2015). "Burger King Takes on McDonald's in France With Quick Purchase". Bloomberg. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- Kauppinen, Ina (23 December 2013). "2 300 asiakasta päivässä – Burger Kingin jättijonot yllättivät ravintolankin". Ilta-Sanomat. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
- "Burger King is back". The Cyprus Daily. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "Burger King to open first Whopper Bar". USA Today. Associated Press. 9 March 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
- "Burger King – Sandpiper CI". Retrieved 7 June 2016.
- "Burger King sets its sights on northern Sweden". The Local. 26 March 9. Retrieved 15 October 2011. Check date values in:
- "Grupo Ibersol 2005 / 2001 History". Retrieved 12 January 2016.
- "Burger King opens first outlet in Russia". RIA Novosti. Associated Press. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- Burger King i Malmö
- "Burger King®" (in Turkish). Retrieved 26 January 2017.
- "TAB GIDA" (in Turkish). Retrieved 26 January 2017.
- Barnes, Taylor (29 May 2012). "Franchising boom in Latin America". Latin Business Chronicle. Latin Trade Magazine. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- Maze, Jonathan (14 March 2012). "Burger King: the Latin American KFC". Restaurant Finance Monitor. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- Dostal, Erin (14 December 2012). "Burger King franchisee to acquire 97 units in Mexico". Nation's Restaurant News. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- "Burger King Unveils Plans to Expand in Central America". Fox Business News. Dow Jones Newswires. 27 December 2012. Archived from the original on 9 January 2013. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "New Burger King website includes guest Q&A section". QSR Web. 12 September 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "Burger King Latin America integrates digital channels". 11 December 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "Burger King in franchise deal for Central America". Yahoo Finance. Associated Press. 27 December 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- Reiter, Ester (March 1996). Making Fast Food: From the Frying Pan Into the Fryer (2nd ed.). McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 64. ISBN 0-7735-1387-6. Retrieved 6 April 2008.
- "Historia de Burger King" (in Spanish). Burger King Corporation. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
- Terry, Andrew; Forrest, Heather (2008). "Where's the Beef? Why Burger King Is Hungry Jack's in Australia and Other Complications in Building a Global Franchise Brand". Northwestern Journal of International Law and Business, 2008. 28 (2): 171–214. ISSN 0196-3228.
- Alina Matas (11 November 1999). "Burger King Hit With Whopper ($44.6 Million) Of A Judgment". Zargo Einhorn Salkowski & Brito. P.A. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- "In Australia, Burger King to become 'Hungry Jack's'". South Florida Business Journal. 30 May 2003. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- Burger King Corporation (6 November 1998). "Burger King Corporation Announces The Opening of the Company's 10,000th Restaurant" (Press release). Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- Caples, John (8 July 1999). "Burger King to head North". The Examiner. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
-  NSWCA 187
- Rani Mina. "A Franchiser's Duty of Good Faith and Fair Dealing". Findlaw Australia. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
-  HCATrans S157/1
- The Gale Group (9 June 2003). "Hungry Jack's to replace BK brand in Australia". Nations Restaurant News. Archived from the original on 17 February 2009. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- AP Wire (2 June 2003). "Burger King slips into Hungry Jacks uniform". the Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- Slade, Maria (16 September 2009). "Private equity in Burger King deal". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
- "Burger King Argentina – La Compañia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- Mercado, David (19 January 2011). "Samuel Doria Medina". Yahoo News. Reuters. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
- "Burger King Brasil – Sobra o BK" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 7 February 2011.
- "Burger King to open in Colombia". South Florida Business Journal. 13 December 2007. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- "Burger King Chile – La Compañia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- (in Spanish) Hoy. Burger King presenta nueva imagen a sus consumidores. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- (in Spanish) El Universo. Cadena de hamburguesas abre su capital para crecer. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- "Burger King Paraguay – La Compañia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 February 2011.
- "Burger King Peru – La Corporación" (in Spanish). Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- "Burger King enters Suriname" (Press release). Burger King Corporation. 31 July 2008. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
- "Burger King Uruguay – La Compañia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 February 2011.
- Wardrope, William (August 2008). Venezuela (Countries of the World). Gareth Stevens Publishing. p. 80. ISBN 0-8368-2369-9. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- The Gale Group (9 June 2003). "Hungry Jack's to replace BK brand in Australia". Nations Restaurant News. Archived from the original on 17 February 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2008.
- "Burger King announces the opening of the company's 10,000 restaurant" (Press release). Burger King Corporation. 6 November 1998. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
- "Burger King to have another crack at Finland -Taloussanomat".
- "French mouths water with the return of Burger King". France 24. 30 November 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
- "Burger King plans to rule over Greece". 7 December 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
- "Bye bye BK". 31 December 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2011.