List of countries with overseas military bases

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This is a list of countries with overseas military bases.

Background[edit]

The establishment of military bases abroad enables a country to project power, e.g. to conduct expeditionary warfare, and thereby influence events abroad. Depending on their size and infrastructure, they can be used as staging areas or for logistical, communications and intelligence support. Many conflicts throughout modern history have resulted in overseas military bases being established in large numbers by world powers and the existence of bases abroad has served countries that have then them in achieving political and military goals.

The British Empire and other colonial powers established overseas military bases in many of their colonies during the First and Second World Wars, where useful, and actively sought rights to facilities where needed for strategic reasons. At one time, establishing coaling stations for naval ships was important. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union established military bases where they could within their respective spheres of influence, and actively sought influence where needed. More recently, the War on Terror has resulted in overseas military bases being established in the Middle East.

Whilst the overall number of overseas military bases has fallen since 1945, the United States, Turkey, the United Kingdom, Russia and France still possess or utilize a substantial number. Smaller numbers of overseas military bases are operated by China, Iran, India, Italy, Saudi Arabia, Singapore and the United Arab Emirates.

The United States is the largest operator of military bases abroad, with 38 "named bases"[note 1] with active duty, national guard, reserve, or civilian personnel as of September 30, 2014. Its largest, in terms of personnel, was Ramstein AB in Germany, with almost 9,200 personnel.[1][note 2]

Australia[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Canada[edit]

  • Germany – Created in 2009, the Operational Support Hub (OSH) Europe at the large Köln-Bonn Airport, Germany, is capable of operating on a 24/7 basis to access the full range of European transportation networks.[7]
  • Jamaica – Created in 2016 as the OSH – Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). It served as the in-theatre support platform for CAF members taking part in Exercise TRADEWINDS 2016 in Jamaica. It is capable of providing support to other CAF missions in the region, such as humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations. It supports Other Government Departments and Agencies operating in the area, as well as strengthening the relationship between the Canadian Armed Forces and the Jamaican Defence Forces.[7]
  • Kuwait – OSH – Southwest Asia. Created in 2011 to support Canadian operations in Afghanistan following the loss of Camp Mirage in UAE. The detachment was a transportation point where CAF personnel, materiel, and equipment were transferred between modes of transportation, particularly from air to sea. In 2014, a new agreement with Kuwait was signed to continue supporting personnel, materiel and equipment transiting through Kuwait to and from areas of operation outside of Kuwait. The OSH also supports CAF members and assets present in Kuwait.[7]
  • Senegal – OSH – West Africa. In Spring of 2018, an Interim Operational Support Hub (IOSH) was established at the Léopold Sédar Senghor (LSS) airport in Dakar, Senegal to support Operation (Op) PRESENCE Task Force Mali. This later became a standing OSH in West Africa. It allows the CAF to project and sustain its military forces rapidly and flexibly, providing support for CAF operations staging in or through West Africa. It ensures operational/tactical level liaison with HN and UN Logistics hub, supporting equipment receipt and customs liaison for other Canadian governmental departments and agencies as well as Canadian defence industries.[7]

China[edit]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

Greece[edit]

India[edit]

Iran[edit]

Italy[edit]

Japan[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Overseas Territories:

Pakistan[edit]

  • Saudi Arabia – 1,180 personnel in Tabuk and other bases in permanent training and advisory roles, under a 1982 agreement.[39][40][41][42]

Russia[edit]

Countries with Russian military bases, facilities and troops.

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Countries with Turkish military bases, facilities and troops.

United Arab Emirates[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Some major military bases and facilities of the United Kingdom.

United States[edit]

Countries with United States military bases and facilities. Many US bases are also NATO-led with forces from multiple countries present (partially incomplete)

The United States has military bases in 85 countries and territories, i.e. outside its fifty states and District of Columbia.[112] Countries with US bases include:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ What are here termed "named bases" are the bases listed in section X: "Personnel Data from DMDC", i.e. excluding that table's rows labelled "Other", in the 2015 DoD Base Structure Report.
  2. ^ The 2015 U.S. Base Structure Report gives 587 overseas sites, but sites are merely real property at a distinct geographical location, and multiple sites may belong to one installation (page DoD-3). For example, the Garmisch, Germany "named base" with its 72 personnel has eight distinct sites large enough to be listed in the Army's Individual Service Inventory list: Artillery Kaserne, Breitenau Skeet Range, Garmisch Family Housing, Garmish Golf Course, General Abrams Hotel And Disp, Hausberg Ski Area, Oberammergau NATO School, and Sheridan Barracks (listed in Army-15 to Army-17). These range in size from Ramstein AB with 9,188 active, guard/reserve, and civilian personnel down to Worms, which has just one civilian.
  1. ^ The political status of Kosovo is disputed. Having unilaterally declared independence from Serbia in 2008, it is formally recognised as an independent state by 97 UN member states (with another 15 recognising it at some point but then withdrawing recognition), while Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory.

References[edit]

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Further reading[edit]