List of countries with overseas military bases
This is a list of countries with military bases abroad. The establishment of military bases abroad enable a country to project power, e.g. to conduct expeditionary warfare, and thereby influence events abroad. Depending on their size and infrastructure, they can be used as staging areas or for logistical, communications and/or intelligence support. Many conflicts throughout modern history have resulted in overseas military bases being established in large numbers by world powers, and the existence of bases abroad has served countries having them in achieving political and military goals. The British Empire and other colonial powers established overseas military bases in many of their colonies during the First and Second World Wars, where useful, and actively sought rights to facilities where needed for strategic reasons. At one time, establishing coaling stations for naval ships was important. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union established military bases where they could within their respective spheres of influence, and actively sought influence where needed. More recently, the War on Terror has resulted in overseas military bases being established in the Middle East.
Whilst the overall number of overseas military bases has fallen since 1945, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States still possess a substantial number. Smaller numbers of overseas military bases are operated by India, Italy, Japan and Turkey.
The United States is the largest operator of military bases abroad, with 38 "named bases"[note 1] having active duty, national guard/reserve, and/or civilian personnel as of September 30, 2014. Its largest, in terms of personnel, was Ramstein AB, in Germany, with almost 9,200 personnel.[note 2]
- United States - Germany has aircraft training facilities at Holloman Air Force Base in New Mexico and at Naval Air Station Pensacola in Florida.
- Djibouti - Les forces françaises stationnées à Djibouti (FFDj)
- French Guiana - Les forces armées en Guyane (FAG)
- French Polynesia - Les forces armées en Polynésie française (FAPF)
- Gabon - Les éléments français au Gabon (EFG)
- Germany - Brigade franco-allemande (former Forces françaises en Allemagne)
- Ivory Coast - Les forces françaises en Côte d’Ivoire (FFCI)
- Martinique - Les forces armées aux Antilles (FAA)
- New Caledonia - Les forces armées en Nouvelle Calédonie (FANC)
- Réunion & Mayotte - Les forces armées dans la zone Sud de l’océan Indien (FAZSOI)
- Senegal - Les éléments français au Sénégal (EFS)
- United Arab Emirates - Forces de présence aux Emirats arabes unis
- Tajikistan - Farkhor Air Base, India's first external military base
- Bhutan - Indian Military Training Team (IMTRAT)
- Seychelles - Assumption Island Naval Base
- Madagascar - Coastal Surveillance Radar (CSR) station
- Maldives - Coastal Surveillance Radar (CSR) station
- Mauritius - Coastal Surveillance Radar (CSR) station
- United Arab Emirates - Air Task Force (TFA)
- Djibouti - BMNS Base Militare Nazionale di Supporto (National Support Military Base) - 300 personnel.
- Djibouti - Established in 2011, Japan's Deployment Airforce for Counter-Piracy Enforcement (DAPE) protects shipping from piracy
- Armenia - Russian 102nd Military Base in Gyumri and the Russian 3624th Airbase in Erebuni Airport near Yerevan
- Belarus - Hantsavichy Radar Station; Vileyka naval communication centre & 61st Fighter Airbase
- Georgia - (South Ossetia) Russian 4th Military Base & (Abkhazia) Russian 7th Military Base
- Kazakhstan - Balkhash Radar Station; Sary Shagan range; Baikonur Cosmodrome
- Kyrgyzstan - Kant Air Base & 338th naval communication centre
- Moldova - (Transnistria) Russian Task Force Transnistrian Region of Moldova (RTF TRM)
- Syria - Russian naval facility in Tartus; Khmeimim Air Base
- Tajikistan - 201st Military Base
- Ukraine - (Crimea) Black Sea Fleet
- Vietnam - Cam Ranh Base
- Cyprus - Cyprus Turkish Peace Force Command
- Iraq - A base with 2000 personnel.
- Qatar - A base with 3000 personnel.
- Somalia - A base with 200 personnel.
- Ascension Island - RAF Ascension Island & UK-US Signals intelligence station
- Bahrain - A large Naval Support Facility (NSF)
- Belize - British Army Training and Support Unit Belize
- Bermuda - The Royal Bermuda Regiment
- British Indian Ocean Territory - British Forces British Indian Ocean Territories
- Brunei - British Forces Brunei
- Canada - British Army Training Unit Suffield
- Cyprus - British Forces Cyprus
- Falkland Islands - British Forces South Atlantic Islands & Falkland Islands Defence Force
- Germany - British Forces Germany
- Gibraltar - British Forces Gibraltar & Royal Gibraltar Regiment
- Kenya - British Army Training Unit Kenya
- Montserrat - Royal Montserrat Defence Force
- Nepal - British Gurkhas Nepal
- Singapore - Naval Party 1022
- Qatar - RAF Al Udeid
- Afghanistan - Camp Dwyer; Forward Operating Base Delhi; Forward Operating Base Geronimo; Firebase Fiddler's Green; PB Jaker
- Australia - Pine Gap
- Bahrain - Naval Support Activity Bahrain; Isa Air Base
- Belgium - Chièvres Air Base; Kleine Brogel Air Base
- Brazil - United States Naval Support Detachment, São Paulo
- British Indian Ocean Territory - Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia
- Bulgaria - Aitos Logistics Center; Bezmer Air Base; Graf Ignatievo Air Base; Novo Selo Range
- Cuba - Guantanamo Bay Naval Base
- Djibouti - Camp Lemonnier
- Germany - US Army installations in Germany; Panzer Kaserne; Ramstein Air Base; Spangdahlem Air Base
- Greece - Naval Support Activity Souda Bay
- Greenland - Thule Air Base
- Honduras - Soto Cano Air Base
- Israel - Port of Haifa (United States Sixth Fleet); Dimona Radar Facility
- Italy - US Army installations in Italy; Naval Air Station Sigonella; Naval Support Activity Naples; Aviano Air Base; Darby Military Community
- Japan - United States Forces Japan
- Kosovo - Camp Bondsteel
- Kuwait - Ali Al Salem Air Base; Camp Arifjan; Camp Buehring; Kuwait Naval Base
- Netherlands - Volkel Air Base
- Norway - 426th Air Base Squadron at Sola Air Station
- Oman - RAFO Masirah; RAFO Thumrait
- Portugal - Lajes Field
- Qatar - Al Udeid Air Base
- Saudi Arabia - 64th Air Expeditionary Group
- Singapore - Paya Lebar Air Base
- South Korea - United States Forces Korea
- Spain - Morón Air Base; Naval Station Rota
- Turkey - Incirlik Air Base; Izmir Air Station
- United Arab Emirates - Al Dhafra Air Base; Port of Jebel Ali; Fujairah Naval Base
- United Kingdom - RAF Alconbury; RAF Croughton; RAF Lakenheath; RAF Menwith Hill; RAF Mildenhall
- What are here termed "named bases" are the bases listed in section X: "Personnel Data from DMDC", i.e. excluding that table's rows labelled "Other", in the 2015 DoD Base Structure Report.
- The 2015 U.S. Base Structure Report gives 587 overseas sites, but sites are merely real property at a distinct geographical location, and multiple sites may belong to one installation (page DoD-3). For example, the Garmisch, Germany "named base" with its 72 personnel has eight distinct sites large enough to be listed in the Army's Individual Service Inventory list: Artillery Kaserne, Breitenau Skeet Range, Garmisch Family Housing, Garmish Golf Course, General Abrams Hotel And Disp, Hausberg Ski Area, Oberammergau NATO School, and Sheridan Barracks (listed in Army-15 to Army-17). These range in size from Ramstein AB with 9,188 active, guard/reserve, and civilian personnel down to Worms, which has just one civilian.
- "Department of Defense / Base Structure Report / FY 2015 Baseline" (PDF). Retrieved October 10, 2016.
- Jeffrey, James (May 3, 2016). "China is building its first overseas military base in Djibouti — right next to a key US one". Public Radio International.
- Feiges, Johannes (April 13, 2016). "Why China's Djibouti Presence Matters". The Diplomat.
- 2nd German Air Force Training Squadron USA in Pensacola, Florida (in German). Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- "Les forces françaises prépositionnées" (PDF). defense.gouv.fr. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
- "The Status and Location of the Military Installations of the Member States of the European Union" (PDF). Policy Department External Policies: 13–14. February 2009. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- Bhardwaj, AP (2010). Study Package For Clat 2nd Edition. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. pp. B–349. ISBN 0-07-107468-6.
- Muhammad Ali Ehsan (May 4, 2016). "What the US stance on F-16s means for Pakistan".
- "Official Website of Indian Army".
- Schottli, Jivanta; Mitra, Subrata K.; Wolf, Siegried (8 May 2015). "A Political and Economic Dictionary of South Asia". Routledge – via Google Books.
- "Map of Bhutan - Tourism Council of Bhutan (Official Website)".
- "India: Building a Sphere of Influence in the Indian Ocean? - RealClearDefense".
- "'Seychelles committed to Indian naval base'". 23 December 2015 – via The Hindu.
- "Asia's scramble for Africa" – via The Economist.
- "India to form its first Naval Base in Seychelles to tighten vigil over Indian Ocean: Read to know more : Current Affairs".
- "India activates first listening post on foreign soil: radars in Madagascar - Indian Express".
- Djibouti: Changing Influence in the Horn’s Strategic Hub, chathamhouse.org, David Styan, April 2013 ("Having temporarily used US facilities, a Japanese base, situated close to Camp Lemonnier, opened in July 2011. Around 600 members of its Maritime Self-Defence Forces rotate between Japan’s naval vessels operating from the port of Djibouti and the camp. Naval units protecting Japanese shipping in the region had operated out of the US base prior to 2011. Japan is reported to pay an annual rent of $30 million for the facilities, similar to the sums paid for either of the far larger US and French bases. This has led to an expansion of Japan’s civilian aid programme to Djibouti, which has also become a hub for wider development activities in the Horn by the Japan International Cooperation Agency.")
- Lavrov, Anton (2010). "Post-war Deployment of Russian Forces in Abkhazia and South Ossetia". In Ruslan Pukhov. The Tanks of August. Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies. ISBN 978-5-9902320-1-3.
- Russian task force held NVC defence competitions in the Transnistria, eng.mil.ru
- Fabrice Balanche (23 September 2015). "Latakia Is Assad's Achilles Heel". washingtoninstitute.org. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
- "What is Turkey doing in Iraq?".
- "Turkey Opens First Mideast Military Base in Qatar".
- "Seeing shared threats, Turkey sets up military base in Qatar". 28 April 2016 – via Reuters.
- "Turkey opens military base in Qatar - IHS Jane's 360".
- "Turkey sets up first African military base in Somalia".
- Construction begins on new base for the Royal Navy in Bahrain, www.gov.uk, 31 October 2015
- "Royal Navy's new Bahrain base seriously enhances Britain's ability to defend the Gulf". The Telegraph. 10 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
- "National Security Strategy and Strategic Defence and Security Review 2015" (PDF). HM Government. November 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- The Royal Bermuda Regiment, bermudaregiment.bm (Official website)
- Permanent Joint Operating Bases (PJOBs), www.gov.uk, 12 December 2012
- "The British Army in Brunei". www.army.mod.uk/. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "The British Army in Canada". www.army.mod.uk/. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "The British Army in Germany". www.army.mod.uk/. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "The British Army in Africa". www.army.mod.uk/. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "British Gurkhas Nepal". www.army.mod.uk/. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- Navy News (Magazine). United Kingdom: Royal Navy. June 2011. p. 11 Eastern Outpost. Retrieved 22 June 2016. ("The White Ensign is still flying above the operations of Naval Party 1022 (NP1022), based at Sembawang Wharves in Singapore.")
- "UK and Qatar sign pact to combat jihadis and cyber warfare". Financial Times. 2 November 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
- Naval Support Activity Souda Bay, cnic.navy.mil
- Overseas Military Bases of the United Kingdom (www.youtube.com)