List of countries with overseas military bases
This is a list of overseas military bases by country. The establishment of military bases abroad enable a country to project power, e.g. to conduct expeditionary warfare, and thereby influence events abroad. Depending on their size and infrastructure, they can be used as staging areas or for logistical, communications and intelligence support. Many conflicts throughout modern history have resulted in overseas military bases being established in large numbers by world powers and the existence of bases abroad has served countries having them in achieving political and military goals. The British Empire and other colonial powers established overseas military bases in many of their colonies during the First and Second World Wars, where useful, and actively sought rights to facilities where needed for strategic reasons. At one time, establishing coaling stations for naval ships was important. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union established military bases where they could within their respective spheres of influence, and actively sought influence where needed. More recently, the War on Terror has resulted in overseas military bases being established in the Middle East.
Whilst the overall number of overseas military bases has fallen since 1945, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States still possess or utilize a substantial number. Smaller numbers of overseas military bases are operated by China, Germany, Greece, India, Italy, Japan, Pakistan and Turkey.
The United States is the largest operator of military bases abroad, with 38 "named bases"[note 1] having active duty, national guard, reserve or civilian personnel as of September 30, 2014. Its largest, in terms of personnel, was Ramstein AB in Germany, with almost 9,200 personnel.[note 2]
- Malaysia – Butterworth Air Base is used for Australia's commitment to the Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA). In addition, the Australian Army maintains an infantry company (designated Rifle Company Butterworth) at Butterworth for training purposes.
- United Arab Emirates – Al Minhad Air Base used for Australian operations in the Middle East.
- Chad – N'Djamena Air Force Base
- Djibouti – Les forces françaises stationnées à Djibouti (FFDj)
- Gabon – Les éléments français au Gabon (EFG)
- Germany – Brigade franco-allemande (former Forces françaises en Allemagne): HQ and logistic battalion at Robert Schuman Barracks in Müllheim
- Ivory Coast – Les forces françaises en Côte d’Ivoire (FFCI)
- Lebanon – Dayr Kifa Air Force Base
- Niger – Niamey Air Force Base
- Senegal – Les éléments français au Sénégal (EFS)
- United Arab Emirates – Forces de présence aux Emirats arabes unis
- France – Jägerbataillon 291 (part of Franco-German Brigade) in Illkirch-Graffenstaden near Strasbourg
- United States – Germany has aircraft training facilities at Holloman Air Force Base in New Mexico and at Naval Air Station Pensacola in Florida. (training base)
- Mauritius - A coast surveillance radar system deployed and maintained by India. As of June 2017, the current status of all these projects is unclear.
- Oman - The Indian Navy has full access of Oman's Duqm Port. India's operations at this port are directly aimed at countering China's base in Djibouti.
- United Arab Emirates – Air Task Force (TFA) in Al Minhad Air Base.
- Djibouti – Base Militare Nazionale di Supporto (BMNS), National Military Support Base – 80 - 300 personnel.
- United States – Sheppard Air Force Base (training base), Eglin Air Force Base (training base)
- Saudi Arabia – 1,180 personnel in Tabuk and other bases in permanent training and advisory roles, under a 1982 agreement.
- Armenia – Russian 102nd Military Base in Gyumri and the Russian 3624th Airbase in Erebuni Airport near Yerevan
- Belarus – Hantsavichy Radar Station; Vileyka naval communication centre
- Georgia – Russian 4th Military Base in South Ossetia and Russian 7th Military Base in Abkhazia
- Kazakhstan - Balkhash Radar Station; Sary Shagan range; Baikonur Cosmodrome
- Kyrgyzstan - Kant Air Base, the 338th naval communication centre, the 954th torpedo testing range and a seismographic station
- Moldova - Russia maintains a sizeable task force in the partially recognised Transnistria region for both peacekeeping purposes and to guard a decommissioned arms depot
- Syria – Russian naval facility in Tartus; Khmeimim Air Base
- Tajikistan – 201st Military Base
- Ukraine – Operational base of the Black Sea Fleet in Sevastopol, in annexed Crimea
- Australia - Flying Training School (No. 130 Squadron) (training base); Oakey Army Aviation Centre (training base)
- France - Cazaux Air Base (training base)
- New Zealand - RNZAF Base Ohakea (training base)
- United States - Mountain Home Air Force Base (training base); Luke Air Force Base (training base)
- Azerbaijan – Buildings and structures in Gizil Sherg military town, and one terminal building located in the airfield in Haji Zeynalabdin Tagiyev settlement.
- Northern Cyprus (disputed by Republic of Cyprus) – Cyprus Turkish Peace Force Command
- Iraq ( Iraqi Kurdistan) – A base with 2000 personnel.
- Qatar – A base with 3000 personnel.
- Somalia – A base in Mogadishu with 200 personnel (could increase to over 1000).
- Syria – Bases in Al-Bab, Al-Rai, Akhtarin and Jarablus with unknown number of personnel. New bases were followed at Atme and Darat Izza.
United Arab Emirates
- Eritrea - Military base in Assab used for intervention in Yemen.
- Somalia ( Somaliland) – Military base in the Port of Berbera.
- Yemen - Partial military base in the island of Socotra.
- Bahrain – HMS Jufair Naval Base (HMNBJ)
- Belize – British Army Training and Support Unit Belize
- Brunei – British Forces Brunei: Brunei Garrison
- Canada – British Army Training Unit Suffield
- Cyprus – British Forces Cyprus
- Germany – British Forces Germany: Westfalen Garrison
- Kenya – British Army Training Unit Kenya
- Nepal – British Gurkhas Nepal
- Singapore – Naval Party 1022
- Qatar – RAF Al Udeid
- Afghanistan – Camp Dwyer; Forward Operating Base Delhi; Forward Operating Base Geronimo; Firebase Fiddler's Green
- Australia – Pine Gap; Marine Rotational Force - Darwin
- Bahrain – Naval Support Activity Bahrain; Isa Air Base
- Belgium – Chièvres Air Base; Kleine Brogel Air Base
- Brazil – United States Naval Support Detachment, São Paulo
- British Indian Ocean Territory (UK) – Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia
- Bulgaria – Aitos Logistics Center; Bezmer Air Base; Graf Ignatievo Air Base; Novo Selo Range
- Cuba – Guantanamo Bay Naval Base
- Curaçao – US Air Force Forward Operating Base
- Djibouti – Camp Lemonnier
- Germany – US Army installations in Germany; Panzer Kaserne; Ramstein Air Base; Spangdahlem Air Base
- Greece – Naval Support Activity Souda Bay
- Greenland (Denmark) – Thule Air Base
- Honduras – Soto Cano Air Base
- Iceland – Naval Air Station Keflavik
- Israel – Port of Haifa (United States Sixth Fleet); Dimona Radar Facility
- Italy – Caserma Del Din; Caserma Ederle; Darby Military Community; Naval Air Station Sigonella; Naval Support Activity Naples; Aviano Air Base
- Japan – United States Forces Japan
- Kosovo[a] – Camp Bondsteel
- Kuwait – Ali Al Salem Air Base; Camp Arifjan; Camp Buehring; Kuwait Naval Base
- Netherlands – Volkel Air Base
- Niger – Niger Air Base 201
- Norway – Marine Corps garrison at Værnes Air Station
- Oman – RAFO Masirah; RAFO Thumrait (South of Oman) 
- Philippines – Antonio Bautista Air Base; Basa Air Base; Fort Magsaysay; Lumbia Air Base; Mactan-Benito Ebuen Air Base
- Portugal – Lajes Field
- Qatar – Al Udeid Air Base
- Saudi Arabia – 64th Air Expeditionary Group (inactive since 2014)
- Singapore – Paya Lebar Air Base
- South Korea – United States Forces Korea
- Spain – Morón Air Base; Naval Station Rota
- Syria – Military base in Manbij, northern Syria, within US-backed SDF territory 
- Turkey – Incirlik Air Base; Izmir Air Station
- United Arab Emirates – Al Dhafra Air Base; Port of Jebel Ali; Fujairah Naval Base
- United Kingdom – RAF Alconbury; RAF Croughton; RAF Fairford; RAF Lakenheath; RAF Menwith Hill; RAF Mildenhall
- What are here termed "named bases" are the bases listed in section X: "Personnel Data from DMDC", i.e. excluding that table's rows labelled "Other", in the 2015 DoD Base Structure Report.
- The 2015 U.S. Base Structure Report gives 587 overseas sites, but sites are merely real property at a distinct geographical location, and multiple sites may belong to one installation (page DoD-3). For example, the Garmisch, Germany "named base" with its 72 personnel has eight distinct sites large enough to be listed in the Army's Individual Service Inventory list: Artillery Kaserne, Breitenau Skeet Range, Garmisch Family Housing, Garmish Golf Course, General Abrams Hotel And Disp, Hausberg Ski Area, Oberammergau NATO School, and Sheridan Barracks (listed in Army-15 to Army-17). These range in size from Ramstein AB with 9,188 active, guard/reserve, and civilian personnel down to Worms, which has just one civilian.
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations member states, of which several have been revoked.
- "Department of Defense / Base Structure Report / FY 2015 Baseline" (PDF). Retrieved October 10, 2016.
- "RMAF Base Butterworth". Royal Australian Air Force. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
- "Les forces françaises prépositionnées" (PDF). defense.gouv.fr. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
- "The Status and Location of the Military Installations of the Member States of the European Union" (PDF). Policy Department External Policies: 13–14. February 2009. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- 2nd German Air Force Training Squadron USA in Pensacola, Florida (in German). Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- Schottli, Jivanta; Mitra, Subrata K.; Wolf, Siegried (2015-05-08). A Political and Economic Dictionary of South Asia. Routledge. ISBN 9781135355753.
- Gordon, A. D. D.; Gordon, Sandy (2014-08-05). India's Rise as an Asian Power: Nation, Neighborhood, and Region. Georgetown University Press. ISBN 9781626160743.
- Diplomat, Ankit Panda, The. "India Unveils New Coastal Surveillance Radar Network". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2018-03-17.
- "Agalega and the lndia-China control of the Indian Ocean". .lemauricien.com. Le Mauricien. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- Chaudhury, Dipanjan Roy (2018-02-13). "PM Modi's Oman visit: Indian Navy can now access Duqm port". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2018-12-05.
- "New coastal radar system means better safeguards for Seychelles, official says". Retrieved 2018-03-12.
- Israel, sites and places (in Hebrew). Tel Aviv: משרד הביטחון - ההוצאה לאור. 1985. p. 199. ISBN 9789652200822. OCLC 457092747.
- "Cambio comando della Task Force Air che si sposta da Al Bateen a Al Minhad". www.difesa.it.
- "Djibouti Bases – Magnet for Military Effect". www.oceanuslive.org.
- "Base militare tricolore a Gibuti".
- Djibouti: Changing Influence in the Horn’s Strategic Hub, chathamhouse.org, David Styan, April 2013 ("Having temporarily used US facilities, a Japanese base, situated close to Camp Lemonnier, opened in July 2011. Around 600 members of its Maritime Self-Defence Forces rotate between Japan’s naval vessels operating from the port of Djibouti and the camp. Naval units protecting Japanese shipping in the region had operated out of the US base prior to 2011. Japan is reported to pay an annual rent of $30 million for the facilities, similar to the sums paid for either of the far larger US and French bases. This has led to an expansion of Japan’s civilian aid programme to Djibouti, which has also become a hub for wider development activities in the Horn by the Japan International Cooperation Agency.")
- "Troops already in Saudi Arabia, says minister". Dawn. 11 April 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
Our troops are already present in Tabuk and some other cities of Saudi Arabia.
- Syed, Baqir Sajjad (22 April 2017). "Raheel leaves for Riyadh to command military alliance". Dawn. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
Pakistan already has 1,180 troops in Saudi Arabia under a 1982 bilateral agreement. The deployed troops are mostly serving there in training and advisory capacity.
- Shams, Shamil (30 August 2016). "Examining Saudi-Pakistani ties in changing geopolitics". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
However, security experts say that being an ally of Saudi Arabia, Pakistan is part of a security cooperation agreement under which about 1,000 Pakistani troops are performing an "advisory" role to Riyadh and are stationed in Saudi Arabia and other Gulf countries.
- Haq, Riazul (18 February 2016). "Pakistan still clueless about role in Saudi coalition". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
Aziz said military cooperation between Pakistan and Saudi Arabia was nearly four decades’ old, and around 1,000 Pakistani military officials were always present in the kingdom.
- Lavrov, Anton (2010). "Post-war Deployment of Russian Forces in Abkhazia and South Ossetia". In Ruslan Pukhov. The Tanks of August. Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies. ISBN 978-5-9902320-1-3.
- Russian task force held NVC defence competitions in the Transnistria, eng.mil.ru
- Fabrice Balanche (23 September 2015). "Latakia Is Assad's Achilles Heel". washingtoninstitute.org. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
- "Turkey to establish military base in Azerbaijan – EURASIA". Hürriyet Daily News – LEADING NEWS SOURCE FOR TURKEY AND THE REGION.
- "What is Turkey doing in Iraq?".
- "Turkey Opens First Mideast Military Base in Qatar".
- "Seeing shared threats, Turkey sets up military base in Qatar". 28 April 2016 – via Reuters.
- "Turkey opens military base in Qatar – IHS Jane's 360".
- "Turkey sets up first African military base in Somalia".
- "Turkey to open largest military base in Somalia".
- "'Al-Sharq Al-Awsat' Report Specifies Locations Of Foreign Military Bases In Syria, Says Syria Is Turning Into Brittle Federation That Can Fall Apart At Any Moment". MEMRI – The Middle East Media Research Institute. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
- "Turkey tightens siege on Afrin". Al-Monitor. 2017-10-30. Retrieved 2018-01-02.
- "Eritrea Seeks Regional Role as It Casts Off Hermit-State Label". Bloomberg. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
- Obulutsa, George. "UAE plans oil pipeline from Ethiopia to Eritrea in latest Horn of..." U.S. Retrieved 2018-10-11.
- Gardner, Frank (2018-06-15). "UAE reinforcements to join Hudaydah battle". BBC News. Retrieved 2018-10-11.
- "Somaliland agrees to UAE military base in Berbera". 13 February 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- "Anger erupts on Yemen's Socotra as UAE deploys over 100 troops". Al-Jazeera. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
- "UAE forces beef-up presence in Yemen's Socotra Island". Middle East Monitor. 3 May 2018. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
- Construction begins on new base for the Royal Navy in Bahrain, www.gov.uk, 31 October 2015
- "Royal Navy's new Bahrain base seriously enhances Britain's ability to defend the Gulf". The Telegraph. 10 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
- "National Security Strategy and Strategic Defence and Security Review 2015" (PDF). HM Government. November 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- "The British Army in Brunei". www.army.mod.uk/. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "The British Army in Canada". www.army.mod.uk/. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Permanent Joint Operating Bases (PJOBs), www.gov.uk, 12 December 2012
- "The British Army in Germany". www.army.mod.uk/. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "The British Army in Africa". www.army.mod.uk/. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "British Gurkhas Nepal". www.army.mod.uk/. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- Navy News (Magazine). United Kingdom: Royal Navy. June 2011. p. 11 Eastern Outpost. Retrieved 22 June 2016. ("The White Ensign is still flying above the operations of Naval Party 1022 (NP1022), based at Sembawang Wharves in Singapore.")
- Jones, Sam (3 November 2014). "UK and Qatar sign pact to combat jihadis and cyber warfare". Financial Times. Retrieved 23 March 2017. (Subscription required (help)).
- "U.S. Marine Corps Forces, Pacific > Units > Marine Rotational Force - Darwin > Officer in Charge MRF-Darwin". www.marforpac.marines.mil. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
- Naval Support Activity Souda Bay, cnic.navy.mil
- Pike, John. "Thumrait Air Base". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2017-02-02.
- Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA), officialgazette.gov.ph
- "64th Air Expeditionary Group Deactivated". U.S. Air Forces Central Command. Retrieved 2018-09-08.
- "U.S. set up base in Syria's Manbij after Turkish threats: local official". www.reuters.com. Retrieved 2018-08-21.
- "U.S. has secretly expanded its global network of drone bases to North Africa".
- Overseas Military Bases of the United Kingdom (www.youtube.com)