List of countries with overseas military bases
This is a list of countries with overseas military bases.
The establishment of military bases abroad enables a country to project power, e.g. to conduct expeditionary warfare, and thereby influence events abroad. Depending on their size and infrastructure, they can be used as staging areas or for logistical, communications and intelligence support. Many conflicts throughout modern history have resulted in overseas military bases being established in large numbers by world powers and the existence of bases abroad has served countries having them in achieving political and military goals. The British Empire and other colonial powers established overseas military bases in many of their colonies during the First and Second World Wars, where useful, and actively sought rights to facilities where needed for strategic reasons. At one time, establishing coaling stations for naval ships was important. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union established military bases where they could within their respective spheres of influence, and actively sought influence where needed. More recently, the War on Terror has resulted in overseas military bases being established in the Middle East.
Whilst the overall number of overseas military bases has fallen since 1945, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States still possess or utilize a substantial number. Smaller numbers of overseas military bases are operated by Australia, China, India, Italy, and Turkey.
The United States is the largest operator of military bases abroad, with 38 "named bases"[note 1] having active duty, national guard, reserve or civilian personnel as of September 30, 2014. Its largest, in terms of personnel, was Ramstein AB in Germany, with almost 9,200 personnel.[note 2]
- Malaysia – Butterworth Air Base is used for Australia's commitment to the Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA). In addition, the Australian Army maintains an infantry company (designated Rifle Company Butterworth) at Butterworth for training purposes.
- United Arab Emirates – Al Minhad Air Base used for Australian operations in the Middle East.
- Afghanistan – China has an unofficial military presence in the Wakhan Corridor, since approximately 2016.
- Cambodia – China has gained access to the Ream Naval Base in Cambodia. Currently, the Cambodian government has denied and disputed the presence of the existence of such base.
- Djibouti – Chinese People's Liberation Army Support Base in Djibouti
- Myanmar – China has a naval intelligence base in the Great Coco Island.
- Tajikistan – China has a military base in Tajikistan, since approximately 2016.
- Djibouti – Les forces françaises stationnées à Djibouti (FFDj)
- United Arab Emirates – Forces de présence aux Emirats arabes unis
- Ivory Coast – Les forces françaises en Côte d’Ivoire (FFCI)
- Gabon – Les éléments français au Gabon (EFG)
- Senegal – Les éléments français au Sénégal (EFS)
- Germany – Franco-German Brigade in Müllheim and a Eurocopter Tiger training center at Faßberg Air Base
- Lebanon – Dayr Kifa Air Force Base as part of United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
- Chad – N'Djamena Air Force Base as part of Operation Barkhane
- Niger – Niamey Air Force Base as part of Operation Barkhane
- Syria – At least three bases near Kobanî, Sarrin and Ayn Issa as part of Opération Chammal
- Iraq – Forces in Baghdad as part of Opération Chammal
- France – Franco-German Brigade in Illkirch-Graffenstaden near Strasbourg and a Eurocopter Tiger training center in Le Cannet-des-Maures
- United States – Germany has aircraft training facilities at Holloman Air Force Base in New Mexico and at Naval Air Station Pensacola in Florida. (training base)
- Canada – CFB Goose Bay
- Tajikistan - Farakhor Air Base. Jointly Operated by the Indian and Tajik Air Forces
- Bhutan – An Indian Military Training Team (IMTRAT) is permanently stationed in western Bhutan.
- Maldives – Coastal Surveillance Radar station.
- Madagascar – A listening post and a radar facility in northern Madagascar.
- Mauritius – A coast surveillance radar system deployed and maintained by India. As of June 2017, the current status of all these projects is unclear.
- Seychelles – A coast surveillance radar system deployed and maintained by India.
- Syria – A military base near Al-Kiswah, Abu Kamal and several facilities in 3 different governorates
- Eritrea – A military base in Assab.
- Iraq – Several military installations and facilities in Baghdad, Al Anbar and Saladin Governorate.
- Lebanon – A military training facility near Beit Moubarak.
- Eritrea – a listening station on the Mt. Amba Sawara, as well as docks in the Dahlak Archipelago.
- Syria – Machne Yarden, Camp Filon and Camp Yitzhak in the occupied Golan Heights
- United Arab Emirates – Air Task Force (TFA) in Al Minhad Air Base.
- Djibouti – Base Militare Nazionale di Supporto (BMNS), National Military Support Base.
- Afghanistan – Herat
- Kuwait – Ahmad al-Jaber Air Base
- Libya – Ghat, Libya
- United States – Sheppard Air Force Base (training base), Eglin Air Force Base (training base)
- Saudi Arabia – 1,180 personnel in Tabuk and other bases in permanent training and advisory roles, under a 1982 agreement.
- Armenia – Russian 102nd Military Base in Gyumri and the Russian 3624th Airbase in Erebuni Airport near Yerevan
- Belarus – Hantsavichy Radar Station; Vileyka naval communication centre
- Georgia – Russian 4th Military Base in occupied regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia (Russian 7th Military Base)
- Kazakhstan – Balkhash Radar Station; Sary Shagan range; Baikonur Cosmodrome
- Kyrgyzstan – Kant Air Base, the 338th naval communication centre, the 954th torpedo testing range and a seismograph
- Moldova – Russia maintains a sizeable task force in the unrecognised state of Transnistria which split off from Moldova after the dissolution of the USSR, for peacekeeping purposes and guarding the decommissioned arms depot at Cobasna.
- Syria – Russian naval facility in Tartus; Khmeimim Air Base, Shayrat Airbase
- Tajikistan – 201st Military Base
- Ukraine – Operational base of the Black Sea Fleet in Sevastopol, in illegally annexed Crimea
- Australia – Flying Training School (No. 130 Squadron) (training base); Oakey Army Aviation Centre (training base)
- New Zealand – RNZAF Base Ohakea (training base)
- United States – Mountain Home Air Force Base (training base); Luke Air Force Base (training base)
- Azerbaijan – Buildings and structures in Gizil Sherg military town, and one terminal building located in the airfield in Hacı Zeynalabdin settlement.
- Northern Cyprus (disputed by the United Nations and all individual countries, with the exception of Turkey) – Cyprus Turkish Peace Force Command
- Qatar – A base with 3000 personnel.
- Somalia – Camp TURKSOM with 200 personnel (could increase to over 1000).
- Syria – Bases in Al-Bab, Al-Rai, Akhtarin and Jarablus with unknown number of personnel. New bases were followed at Atme and Darat Izza.
United Arab Emirates
- Eritrea – Military base in Assab used for intervention in Yemen.
- Libya – A forward operating base at the Al-Khadim Airport, near Marj.
- Somaliland (Somalia)– Military base in the Port of Berbera.
- Yemen – Partial military base in the island of Socotra.
- Bahrain – HMS Jufair Naval Base (HMNBJ)
- Belize – British Army Training and Support Unit Belize
- Brunei – British Forces Brunei: Brunei Garrison
- Canada – British Army Training Unit Suffield
- Republic of Cyprus – RAF Troodos
- Germany – British Forces Germany: Westfalen Garrison
- Kenya – British Army Training Unit Kenya
- Norway – Bardufoss Air Station
- Singapore – Naval Party 1022
- Qatar – RAF Al Udeid
- Oman – Omani-British Joint Training Base; Duqm
- United Arab Emirates – Al Minhad Air Base
- United States – MCAS Beaufort (training base), Creech Air Force Base, Edwards Air Force Base, Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay (Trident Facility)
- Afghanistan – Camp Dwyer; Forward Operating Base Delhi; Forward Operating Base Geronimo; Firebase Fiddler's Green
- Australia – Pine Gap; Marine Rotational Force – Darwin
- Bahrain – Naval Support Activity Bahrain; Isa Air Base
- Belgium – Chièvres Air Base; Kleine Brogel Air Base
- Brazil – United States Naval Support Detachment, São Paulo
- British Indian Ocean Territory (United Kingdom) – Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia
- Bulgaria – Aitos Logistics Center; Bezmer Air Base; Graf Ignatievo Air Base; Novo Selo Range
- Cuba – Guantanamo Bay Naval Base
- Cameroon – Contingency Location Garoua
- Curaçao (Netherlands) – US Air Force Forward Operating Base
- Djibouti – Camp Lemonnier
- Germany – US Army installations in Germany; Panzer Kaserne; Ramstein Air Base; Spangdahlem Air Base
- Greece – Naval Support Activity Souda Bay
- Greenland (Denmark) – Thule Air Base
- Honduras – Soto Cano Air Base
- Iceland – Naval Air Station Keflavik
- Iraq – Al Asad Airbase and several facilities in 7 different governorates
- Israel – Dimona Radar Facility
- Italy – Caserma Ederle-Caserma Del Din; Darby Military Community; Naval Air Station Sigonella; Naval Support Activity Naples; Aviano Air Base
- Japan – United States Forces Japan
- Kosovo[a] (disputed by Serbia) – Camp Bondsteel
- Kuwait – Ali Al Salem Air Base; Camp Arifjan; Camp Buehring; Kuwait Naval Base
- Netherlands – Volkel Air Base; USCG Activities Europe
- Niger – Niger Air Base 201
- Norway – Marine Corps garrison at Værnes Air Station
- Oman – RAFO Masirah; RAFO Thumrait (South of Oman) 
- Philippines – Antonio Bautista Air Base; Basa Air Base; Fort Magsaysay; Lumbia Air Base; Mactan-Benito Ebuen Air Base
- Portugal – Lajes Field
- Qatar – Al Udeid Air Base
- Saudi Arabia – 64th Air Expeditionary Group (inactive since 2014); Prince Sultan Air Base
- Singapore – Paya Lebar Air Base
- South Korea – United States Forces Korea
- Spain – Morón Air Base; Naval Station Rota
- Syria – Military base in Al-Tanf and several facilities in northern Syria, within US-backed SDF territory
- Tunisia – Drone base at Bizerte-Sidi Ahmed Air Base
- Turkey – Incirlik Air Base; Izmir Air Station
- United Arab Emirates – Al Dhafra Air Base; Port of Jebel Ali; Fujairah Naval Base
- United Kingdom – RAF Alconbury; RAF Croughton; RAF Fairford; RAF Lakenheath; RAF Menwith Hill; RAF Mildenhall
- What are here termed "named bases" are the bases listed in section X: "Personnel Data from DMDC", i.e. excluding that table's rows labelled "Other", in the 2015 DoD Base Structure Report.
- The 2015 U.S. Base Structure Report gives 587 overseas sites, but sites are merely real property at a distinct geographical location, and multiple sites may belong to one installation (page DoD-3). For example, the Garmisch, Germany "named base" with its 72 personnel has eight distinct sites large enough to be listed in the Army's Individual Service Inventory list: Artillery Kaserne, Breitenau Skeet Range, Garmisch Family Housing, Garmish Golf Course, General Abrams Hotel And Disp, Hausberg Ski Area, Oberammergau NATO School, and Sheridan Barracks (listed in Army-15 to Army-17). These range in size from Ramstein AB with 9,188 active, guard/reserve, and civilian personnel down to Worms, which has just one civilian.
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 99 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 13 later withdrew their recognition.
- "Department of Defense / Base Structure Report / FY 2015 Baseline" (PDF). Retrieved October 10, 2016.
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- Shih, Gerry; Troianovski, Anton; Wang, Yuan; Lamothe, Dan (February 18, 2019). "In Central Asia's forbidding highlands, a quiet newcomer: Chinese troops". The Washington Post.
- The Ramifications of China’s Reported Naval Base in Cambodia, World Politics Review, 5 August 2019
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- Schottli, Jivanta; Mitra, Subrata K.; Wolf, Siegried (2015-05-08). A Political and Economic Dictionary of South Asia. Routledge. ISBN 9781135355753.
- "These 5 Overseas Military Bases Speaks Volumes About India's Growing Military Footprint". TopYaps. 2016-11-28. Retrieved 2019-03-10.
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- Diplomat, Ankit Panda, The. "India Unveils New Coastal Surveillance Radar Network". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2018-03-17.
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- "Both Iran and Israel Have Military Bases in Eritrea, Global Intel Reports". Hareetz. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
- "U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT: IRAN'S IRGC HAS SET UP A TRAINING BASE IN LEBANON". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
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- "Cambio comando della Task Force Air che si sposta da Al Bateen a Al Minhad". www.difesa.it.
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- "Libia, base al confine Niger-Ciad con agenti e militari italiani". Il Messaggero (in Italian). 27 June 2018.
- "Sheppard AFB hosts change of command for Italian senior official". Times Record News. 31 July 2018.
- Djibouti: Changing Influence in the Horn’s Strategic Hub, chathamhouse.org, David Styan, April 2013 ("Having temporarily used US facilities, a Japanese base, situated close to Camp Lemonnier, opened in July 2011. Around 600 members of its Maritime Self-Defence Forces rotate between Japan’s naval vessels operating from the port of Djibouti and the camp. Naval units protecting Japanese shipping in the region had operated out of the US base prior to 2011. Japan is reported to pay an annual rent of $30 million for the facilities, similar to the sums paid for either of the far larger US and French bases. This has led to an expansion of Japan’s civilian aid programme to Djibouti, which has also become a hub for wider development activities in the Horn by the Japan International Cooperation Agency.")
- "Troops already in Saudi Arabia, says minister". Dawn. 11 April 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
Our troops are already present in Tabuk and some other cities of Saudi Arabia.
- Syed, Baqir Sajjad (22 April 2017). "Raheel leaves for Riyadh to command military alliance". Dawn. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
Pakistan already has 1,180 troops in Saudi Arabia under a 1982 bilateral agreement. The deployed troops are mostly serving there in training and advisory capacity.
- Shams, Shamil (30 August 2016). "Examining Saudi-Pakistani ties in changing geopolitics". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
However, security experts say that being an ally of Saudi Arabia, Pakistan is part of a security cooperation agreement under which about 1,000 Pakistani troops are performing an "advisory" role to Riyadh and are stationed in Saudi Arabia and other Gulf countries.
- Haq, Riazul (18 February 2016). "Pakistan still clueless about role in Saudi coalition". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
Aziz said military cooperation between Pakistan and Saudi Arabia was nearly four decades’ old, and around 1,000 Pakistani military officials were always present in the kingdom.
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- "Republic of Singapore air force begins arriving at Mountain Home AFB". mountainhome.af.mil. 1 October 2008.
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- "Turkey to establish military base in Azerbaijan – EURASIA". Hürriyet Daily News – LEADING NEWS SOURCE FOR TURKEY AND THE REGION.
- "U.N. Security Council resolution 541 (1983) that deplores the declaration of "independence" by the Turkish-Cypriot authorities as secessionist and declares it legally invalid". www.un.org. United Nations.
- "What is Turkey doing in Iraq?".
- "Count and place of Turkey's military bases in Iraqi Kurdistan's terrirtory". Kurd Press (in Persian). 2019-07-05. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
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- "Turkey opens military base in Qatar – IHS Jane's 360".
- "Turkey sets up first African military base in Somalia".
- "Turkey to open largest military base in Somalia".
- "'Al-Sharq Al-Awsat' Report Specifies Locations Of Foreign Military Bases In Syria, Says Syria Is Turning Into Brittle Federation That Can Fall Apart At Any Moment". MEMRI – The Middle East Media Research Institute. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
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- Rogoway, Tyler (October 27, 2016). "Shadowy UAE Base in Libya Hosts Attack Aircraft and Chinese Drones". The Drive Media, Inc.
Some of these nations even have their own forward operating bases in Libya, including a secretive remote airfield operated by the United Arab Emirates and located about 50 miles southeast of Benghazi. Here, the UAE has deployed a pocket air force of heavily armed and armored agricultural planes developed into surveillance and light attack platforms–the AT-802U Border Patrol variant of the Air Tractor and the more capable IOMAX Archangel–in addition to S-70 Blackhawks, and Chinese Wing Loong unmanned aircraft
- "UAE operating an airbase near Marj: report". Libya Herald. October 26, 2016.
IHS Jane’s says that the UAE is operating propeller-driven AT-802U light aircraft, helicopters and surveillance drones from the Al-Khadim airport to the south-east of Marj and Jardas Al-Abid.
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- Construction begins on new base for the Royal Navy in Bahrain, www.gov.uk, 31 October 2015
- "Royal Navy's new Bahrain base seriously enhances Britain's ability to defend the Gulf". The Telegraph. 10 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
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- Overseas Military Bases of the United Kingdom (www.youtube.com)