List of country subdivisions by population

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This article contains lists of the most populous administrative country subdivisions in the world. Excluded are regions defined for convenience that do not have their own single government: e.g. Calabarzon, East China, Kantō region and Northeastern United States.

List of first-level administrative subdivisions by population[edit]

The following is a ranked list of the 62 first-level administrative subdivisions worldwide with populations that are, as of the latest government data (including projections), over 20 million, along with a country of comparable population size, the country that the subdivision belongs to, the date the population statistic is taken from, its capital, its area, population density, and its largest metro area. The latest data issued by the country's government is used, and those subdivisions which are the largest in their respective countries are shown in bold. Countries which have a high proportion of their population enumerated in the largest subdivision include the United Kingdom (80.3% in England) and Pakistan (53.7% in Punjab). England appears on this list but does not have a single government because it is a constituent country.

Rank Subdivision Country Capital Largest
Metro Area
Population Area (km²) Density
per km²
Comparable Country[1] Date Ref.
1 Uttar Pradesh  India Lucknow 230,907,000 243,290 949.102  Pakistan 1 Mar 2021 [2]
2 Maharashtra  India Mumbai 124,437,000 307,713 404.393  Japan 1 Mar 2021 [2]
3 Bihar  India Patna 123,083,000 94,163 1,307.1  Japan 1 Mar 2021 [2]
4 Guangdong  China Guangzhou 115,210,000 179,800 640.768  Ethiopia 31 Dec 2019 [3]
5 Punjab  Pakistan Lahore 110,012,442 205,344 535.747  Philippines 15 Apr 2017 [4]
6 Shandong  China Jinan 100,700,000 157,100 640.993  Vietnam 31 Dec 2019 [3]
7 West Bengal  India Kolkata 98,125,000 88,752 1,105.6  Vietnam 1 Mar 2021 [2]
8 Henan  China Zhengzhou 96,400,000 167,000 577.246  Vietnam 31 Dec 2019 [3]
9 Madhya Pradesh  India Bhopal 84,516,000 308,252 274.178  Turkey 1 Mar 2021 [2]
10 Sichuan  China Chengdu 83,750,000 485,000 172.680  Germany 31 Dec 2019 [3]
11 Jiangsu  China Nanjing 80,700,000 102,600 786.550  Germany 31 Dec 2019 [3]
12 Rajasthan  India Jaipur 79,281,000 342,239 231.654  Germany 1 Mar 2021 [2]
13 Tamil Nadu  India Chennai 76,402,000 130,058 587.446  Thailand 1 Mar 2021 [2]
14 Hebei  China Shijiazhuang 75,920,000 188,800 402.119  Thailand 31 Dec 2019 [3]
15 Gujarat  India Gandhinagar Ahmedabad 69,788,000 196,024 356.018  Thailand 1 Mar 2021 [2]
16 Hunan  China Changsha 69,180,000 210,000 329.429  Thailand 31 Dec 2019 [3]
17 Karnataka  India Bengaluru 66,845,000 191,791 348.530  United Kingdom 1 Mar 2021 [2]
18 Anhui  China Hefei 63,660,000 140,200 454.066  France 31 Dec 2019 [3]
19 Hubei  China Wuhan 59,270,000 185,900 318.827  South Africa 31 Dec 2019 [3]
20 Zhejiang  China Hangzhou 58,500,000 101,800 574.656  South Africa 31 Dec 2019 [3]
21 England  United Kingdom London 56,286,961 130,279 432.049  Kenya 30 Jun 2019 [5]
22 Andhra Pradesh  India Amaravati Visakhapatnam 52,787,000 162,975 323.896  South Korea 1 Mar 2021 [2]
23 West Java  Indonesia Bandung Bekasi 50,103,300 35,378 1,416.2  Colombia 1 Jul 2021 [6]
24 Guangxi  China Nanning 49,600,000 237,600 208.754  Colombia 31 Dec 2019 [3]
25 Yunnan  China Kunming 48,580,000 394,000 123.299  Uganda 31 Dec 2019 [3]
26 Sindh  Pakistan Karachi 47,886,051 140,914 339.825  Uganda 15 Apr 2017 [4]
27 Jiangxi  China Nanchang 46,660,000 166,900 279.579  Spain 31 Dec 2019 [3]
28 São Paulo  Brazil São Paulo 46,649,132 248,223 187.932  Spain 1 Jul 2021 [7]
29 Odisha  India Bhubaneswar 44,033,000 155,707 282.794  Ukraine 1 Mar 2021 [2]
30 Liaoning  China Shenyang 43,520,000 145,900 298.286  Ukraine 31 Dec 2019 [3]
31 Dhaka Division  Bangladesh Dhaka 42,607,000 20,551 2,073.2  Ukraine 15 Mar 2021 [8]
32 East Java  Indonesia Surabaya 40,156,700 47,800 840.10  Afghanistan 1 Jul 2021 [6]
33 Fujian  China Fuzhou Xiamen 39,730,000 121,400 327.265  Afghanistan 31 Dec 2019 [3]
34 California  United States Sacramento Los Angeles 39,368,078 423,970 92.8558  Afghanistan 1 Jul 2020 [9]
35 Shaanxi  China Xi'an 38,760,000 205,800 188.338  Canada 31 Dec 2019 [3]
36 Jharkhand  India Ranchi Jamshedpur 38,471,000 79,714 482.61  Canada 1 Mar 2021 [2]
37 Telangana  India Hyderabad 37,725,000 112,077 336.599  Poland 1 Mar 2021 [2]
38 Heilongjiang  China Harbin 37,510,000 454,800 82.4758  Morocco 31 Dec 2019 [3]
39 Shanxi  China Taiyuan 37,290,000 156,000 239.038  Morocco 31 Dec 2019 [3]
40 Guizhou  China Guiyang 36,230,000 176,200 205.619  Saudi Arabia 31 Dec 2019 [3]
41 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa  Pakistan Peshawar 35,525,047 101,741 349.171  Saudi Arabia 15 Apr 2017 [4]
42 Kerala  India Thiruvananthapuram 35,489,000 38,863 913.18  Saudi Arabia 1 Mar 2021 [2]
43 Oromia  Ethiopia Addis Ababa 35,467,001 286,612 123.746  Saudi Arabia 1 Jul 2017 [10]
44 Assam  India Dispur Guwahati 35,043,000 78,438 446.76  Saudi Arabia 1 Mar 2021 [2]
45 Central Java  Indonesia Semarang 34,917,000 32,801 1,064.5  Saudi Arabia 1 Jul 2021 [6]
46 Chittagong Division  Bangladesh Chittagong 34,747,000 33,771 1,028.9  Saudi Arabia 15 Mar 2021 [8]
47 Chongqing  China Chongqing 31,240,000 82,403 379.11  Ghana 31 Dec 2019 [3]
48 Punjab  India Chandigarh Ludhiana 30,339,000 50,362 602.42  Yemen 1 Mar 2021 [2]
49 Chhattisgarh  India Raipur 29,493,000 135,191 218.158    Nepal 1 Mar 2021 [2]
50 Haryana  India Chandigarh Faridabad 29,483,000 44,212 666.86    Nepal 1 Mar 2021 [2]
51 Texas  United States Austin Dallas-Fort Worth 29,360,759 695,662 42.2055    Nepal 1 Jul 2020 [9]
52 Jilin  China Changchun 26,910,000 187,400 143.597  Côte d'Ivoire 31 Dec 2019 [3]
53 Gansu  China Lanzhou 26,470,000 453,700 58.3425  North Korea 31 Dec 2019 [3]
54 Inner Mongolia  China Hohhot Baotou 25,400,000 1,183,000 21.47084  Niger 31 Dec 2019 [3]
55 Xinjiang  China Ürümqi 25,230,000 1,664,900 15.15406  Niger 31 Dec 2019 [3]
56 Shanghai  China Shanghai 24,280,000 6,341 3,829  Taiwan 31 Dec 2019 [3]
57 Florida  United States Tallahassee Miami 21,733,312 170,312 127.609  Sri Lanka 1 Jul 2020 [9]
58 Rajshahi Division  Bangladesh Rajshahi 21,607,000 18,174 1,188.9  Sri Lanka 15 Mar 2021 [8]
59 Beijing  China Beijing 21,540,000 16,411 1,312.5  Sri Lanka 31 Dec 2019 [3]
60 Minas Gerais  Brazil Belo Horizonte 21,411,923 586,528 36.5062  Burkina Faso 1 Jul 2021 [7]
61 Amhara  Ethiopia Bahir Dar 21,134,988 154,709 136.611  Mali 1 Jul 2017 [10]
62 Delhi  India New Delhi Delhi 20,571,000 1,484 13,860  Mali 1 Mar 2021 [2]

Former first-level subdivisions[edit]

Some large former first level subdivisions with former populations (split-off areas):

List of second-level administrative subdivisions by population[edit]

Second-level divisions are those subdivisions that are under the first level of administration (states, provinces, etc...) and they go by many names, such as counties, districts, divisions, and regions, but these names vary by country. The list below displays every single second-level subnational division in the world with a population over 10 million, as well as what they are called (a district, county, region?), area, density, the country and first-level subdivision they belong to, the date the population figure dates from, and a country of comparable population size. Only districts and divisions that have a unified administration or government of any kind are listed, so for example, non-governmental statistical regions, such as Media Markets or Combined Statistical Areas in the U.S. are excluded, but Indian Divisions, as they involve some form of administration (mostly concerning revenue), are included.

Rank Subdivision Country First-level Subdivision Type Population Area (km²) Density per km² Comparable country[1] Date Ref.
1 Presidency Division  India West Bengal Division 32,686,065 19,633 1,664.9  Malaysia 1 Mar 2011 [13]
2 Konkan Division  India Maharashtra Division 28,601,441 30,604 934.57  Venezuela 1 Mar 2011 [13]
3 Pune Division  India Maharashtra Division 23,449,049 57,275 409.41  Taiwan 1 Mar 2011 [13]
4 Lucknow Division  India Uttar Pradesh Division 22,699,990 29,758 762.82  Taiwan 1 Mar 2011 [13]
5 Bangalore Division  India Karnataka Division 22,523,301 49,668 453.48  Sri Lanka 1 Mar 2011 [13]
6 Tirhut Division  India Bihar Division 21,410,316 17,047 1,256.0  Burkina Faso 1 Mar 2011 [13]
7 Lahore Division  Pakistan Punjab Division 19,398,081 11,727 1,654.1  Chile 15 Apr 2017 [4]
8 Aurangabad Division  India Maharashtra Division 18,731,872 64,813 289.01  Zambia 1 Mar 2011 [13]
9 Nashik Division  India Maharashtra Division 18,579,420 57,493 323.16  Syria 1 Mar 2011 [13]
10 Central Odisha Division  India Odisha Division 18,288,790 38,054 480.60  Syria 1 Mar 2011 [13]
11 Patna Division  India Bihar Division 17,737,179 16,868 1,051.5  Ecuador 1 Mar 2011 [13]
12 Medinipur Division  India West Bengal Division 17,536,121 27,222 644.19  Senegal 1 Mar 2011 [13]
13 Jaipur Division  India Rajasthan Division 16,749,144 36,615 457.44  Chad 1 Mar 2011 [13]
14 Burdwan Division  India West Bengal Division 16,739,112 14,712 1,137.8  Chad 1 Mar 2011 [13]
15 Gujranwala Division  Pakistan Punjab Division 16,123,984 17,207 937.06  Somalia 15 Apr 2017 [4]
16 Karachi Division  Pakistan Sindh Division 16,051,521 3,527 4,551  Somalia 15 Apr 2017 [4]
17 Chengdu  China Sichuan Prefecture 16,044,700 14,378 1,115.9  Somalia 31 Dec 2017 [14]
18 Malda Division  India West Bengal Division 15,776,062 14,416 1,094.3  Somalia 1 Mar 2011 [13]
19 Belgaum Division  India Karnataka Division 14,793,174 54,500 271.43  Zimbabwe 1 Mar 2011 [13]
20 Meerut Division  India Uttar Pradesh Division 14,575,668 11,702 1,245.6  Zimbabwe 1 Mar 2011 [13]
21 Guangzhou  China Guangdong Prefecture 14,498,400 7,434 1,950  Zimbabwe 31 Dec 2017 [14]
22 Faisalabad Division  Pakistan Punjab Division 14,177,081 17,918 791.22  Guinea 15 Apr 2017 [4]
23 Dhaka District  Bangladesh Dhaka Division District 13,798,000 1,464 9,425  Guinea 15 March 2021 [15]
24 Gorakhpur Division  India Uttar Pradesh Division 13,791,088 11,718 1,176.9  Guinea 1 Mar 2011 [13]
25 Varanasi Division  India Uttar Pradesh Division 13,744,069 11,491 1,196.1  Guinea 1 Mar 2011 [13]
26 Allahabad Division  India Uttar Pradesh Division 13,395,861 15,130 885.38  Guinea 1 Mar 2011 [13]
27 Moradabad Division  India Uttar Pradesh Division 13,185,034 13,848 952.13  Rwanda 1 Mar 2011 [13]
28 Faizabad Division  India Uttar Pradesh Division 12,928,554 14,861 869.97  Rwanda 1 Mar 2011 [13]
29 Kanpur Division  India Uttar Pradesh Division 12,880,627 14,777 871.67  Rwanda 1 Mar 2011 [13]
30 Darbhanga Division  India Bihar Division 12,686,330 8,684 1,461  Benin 1 Mar 2011 [13]
31 Bareilly Division  India Uttar Pradesh Division 12,613,525 16,450 766.78  Benin 1 Mar 2011 [13]
32 Indore Division  India Madhya Pradesh Division 12,570,372 43,064 291.90  Benin 1 Mar 2011 [13]
33 Mysore Division  India Karnataka Division 12,563,598 43,478 288.96  Benin 1 Mar 2011 [13]
34 Shenzhen  China Guangdong Prefecture 12,528,300 2,050 6,111  Benin 31 Dec 2017 [14]
35 São Paulo  Brazil São Paulo Municipality 12,325,232 1,523 8,093  Burundi 1 July 2020 [16]
36 Multan Division  Pakistan Punjab Division 12,265,161 15,211 806.33  Burundi 15 Apr 2017 [4]
37 Northern Odisha Division  India Odisha Division 12,035,361 55,269 217.76  Tunisia 1 Mar 2011 [13]
38 Jodhpur Division  India Rajasthan Division 11,863,484 117,801 101.708  Bolivia 1 Mar 2011 [13]
39 Jabalpur Division  India Madhya Pradesh Division 11,778,365 58,366 201.80  Bolivia 1 Mar 2011 [13]
40 Nagpur Division  India Maharashtra Division 11,754,434 51,377 228.79  Bolivia 1 Mar 2011 [13]
41 Baoding  China Hebei Prefecture 11,690,500 22,190 526.84  Belgium 31 Dec 2017 [14]
42 Southern Odisha Division  India Odisha Division 11,650,067 62,384 186.75  Belgium 1 Mar 2011 [13]
43 North Chotanagpur Division  India Jharkhand Division 11,645,374 21,039 553.51  Belgium 1 Mar 2011 [13]
44 Bahawalpur Division  Pakistan Punjab Division 11,464,031 45,588 251.47  Haiti 15 Apr 2017 [4]
45 Agra Division  India Uttar Pradesh Division 11,332,666 12,548 903.15  Cuba 1 Mar 2011 [13]
46 Amravati Division  India Maharashtra Division 11,258,117 46,027 244.60  Cuba 1 Mar 2011 [13]
47 Lower Assam Division  India Assam Division 11,252,365 20,228 556.28  Cuba 1 Mar 2011 [13]
48 Gulbarga Division  India Karnataka Division 11,215,224 44,145 254.05  Cuba 1 Mar 2011 [13]
49 Dera Ghazi Khan Division  Pakistan Punjab Division 11,014,398 38,778 284.89  Dominican Republic 15 Apr 2017 [4]
50 Magadh Division  India Bihar Division 10,976,793 12,344 889.24  Dominican Republic 1 Mar 2011 [13]
51 Harbin  China Heilongjiang Prefecture 10,929,000 53,068 205.94  Dominican Republic 31 Dec 2017 [14]
52 Wuhan  China Hubei Prefecture 10,892,900 8,494 1,282  Dominican Republic 31 Dec 2017 [14]
53 Shijiazhuang  China Hebei Prefecture 10,879,900 15,848 686.52  Dominican Republic 31 Dec 2017 [14]
54 Purnia Division  India Bihar Division 10,837,617 11,000 985.24  Czechia 1 Mar 2011 [13]
55 Suzhou  China Jiangsu Prefecture 10,683,600 8,488 1,259  Czechia 31 Dec 2017 [14]
56 Hyderabad Division  Pakistan Sindh Division 10,592,635 48,670 217.64  Czechia 15 Apr 2017 [4]
57 Linyi  China Shandong Prefecture 10,563,400 17,191 614.47  Czechia 31 Dec 2017 [14]
58 Jalandhar Division  India Punjab Division 10,503,989 16,296 644.57  Greece 1 Mar 2011 [13]
59 Devipatan Division  India Uttar Pradesh Division 10,187,676 14,229 715.98  Portugal 1 Mar 2011 [13]
60 Azamgarh Division  India Uttar Pradesh Division 10,059,655 8,748 1,150  Honduras 1 Mar 2011 [13]
61 Nanyang  China Henan Prefecture 10,050,000 26,509 379.12  Honduras 31 Dec 2017 [14]
62 Los Angeles County  United States California County 10,039,107 12,310 815.52  Honduras 1 Jul 2019 [17]
63 Rawalpindi Division  Pakistan Punjab Division 10,007,821 22,254 449.71  United Arab Emirates 15 Apr 2017 [4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b United Nations. "World Population Prospects 2019".
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "POPULATION PROJECTIONS FOR INDIA AND STATES 2011 – 2036 REPORT OF THE TECHNICAL GROUP ON POPULATION PROJECTIONS November, 2019" (PDF). Report_Population_Projection_2019.pdf. NATIONAL COMMISSION ON POPULATION MINISTRY OF HEALTH & FAMILY WELFARE NIRMAN BHAWAN, NEW DELHI – 110011. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z "National Data; National Bureau of Statistics of China". National Data. National Bureau of Statistics of China. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "PROVINCE WISE PROVISIONAL RESULTS OF CENSUS - 2017" (PDF). PAKISTAN TEHSIL WISE FOR WEB CENSUS_2017.pdf. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 June 2020. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  5. ^ "Population estimates for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland - Office for National Statistics". Population estimates for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland: mid-2019. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  6. ^ a b c "Proyeksi Penduduk Indonesia/Indonesia Population Projection 2015-2045" (PDF). Proyeksi Penduduk 2015-2045_.pdf. Badan Pusat Statistik & UNFPA. 19 October 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 July 2020. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Projeção da população do Brasil e das Unidades da Federação". IBGE | Projeção da população. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  8. ^ a b c "BANGLADESH: Divisions and Urban Areas". Bangladesh: Divisions and Urban Areas with population statistics, maps, charts, weather and web information. citypopulation.de. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  9. ^ a b c "Population, Population Change, and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to 1 Jul 2020 (NST-EST2020-alldata)". Census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 22, 2020. Retrieved 22 Dec ember 2020. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  10. ^ a b "Population projection of Ethiopia for all Regions at wereda level from 2014 - 2017.pdf". Archive of Central Statistical Agency. Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia. Archived from the original on 15 November 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  11. ^ "National Statistics Agency Tables:4-3 Total Population and Birth Rate, Death Rate and Natural Growth Rate by Region (1997)". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  12. ^ "Citypopulation.de:Indonesia". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao "India: Administrative Division". India: Administrative Division (States, Union Territories and Districts) with population statistics, charts and maps. citypopulation.de. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "CHINA: Administrative Division". China: Administrative Division (Provinces and Prefectures) with population statistics, charts and maps. citypopulation.de. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  15. ^ "BANGLADESH: Districts and Cities". Bangladesh: Divisions and Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information. citypopulation.de. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  16. ^ "SÃO PAULO". São Paulo (State, Brazil) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location. citypopulation.de. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  17. ^ "QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 4 June 2020.

External links[edit]