List of country subdivisions by population

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This is a list of the most populous first-level administrative country subdivisions in the world, in order of population; most estimates are from 2004, some from 2008. Excluded are regions defined for convenience, that do not have their own single government: e.g. Calabarzon, East China, Kantō region and Northeastern United States. Those subdivisions which are the largest in their respective countries are shown in bold. Countries which have a high proportion of their population enumerated in the largest subdivision include the Kingdom of the Netherlands (98.3% in the Netherlands), the United Kingdom (80.3% in England) and Pakistan (53.7% in Punjab). England appears on this list, but does not have a single government because it is a constituent country.

First-level list[edit]

Subdivision Type Sovereign state Population Area km² Density per km² Ref Comparable country[1]
Uttar Pradesh State  India 227,920,005 240,928 946 [2]  Brazil
Maharashtra State  India 123,174,918 307,713 394.4 [3]  Mexico
Bihar State  India 119,237,851 94,163 1,239.6 [4]  Philippines
Guangdong Province  China 111,690,000 177,900 627.82 [5]  Philippines
Punjab, Pakistan Punjab Province  Pakistan 110,012,442 205,344 540 [6]  Philippines
Shandong Province  China 100,060,000 156,700 638.544 [5]  Egypt
Henan Province  China 95,590,000 167,000 572.39 [5]  Vietnam
West Bengal State  India 94,347,736 88,752 1,063  Vietnam
Sichuan Province  China 83,020,000 485,000 171.17 [5]  Germany
Jiangsu Province  China 80,290,000 102,600 782.55 [5] Turkey
Madhya Pradesh State  India 78,492,606 308,245 236  Turkey
Tamil Nadu State  India 77,881,463 130,058 555  Turkey
Hebei Province  China 75,200,000 187,700 400.63 [5] Turkey
Rajasthan State  India 74,791,568 342,239 201 Turkey
Hunan Province  China 68,600,000 211,800 323.89 [5]  France
Karnataka State  India 66,076,021 191,791 319  United Kingdom
Anhui Province  China 62,550,000 139,400 448.70 [5]  Italy
Gujarat State  India 60,383,628 196,024 308  Italy
Hubei Province  China 59,020,000 185,900 317.48 [5]  Italy
Zhejiang Province  China 56,570,000 101,800 555.69 [5] Tanzania
England England Constituent country  United Kingdom 55,268,100 130,395 424 Tanzania
Andhra Pradesh State  India 49,665,533 160,205 310  Colombia
Guangxi Autonomous region  China 48,850,000 236,700 206.37 [5]  Colombia
Yunnan Province  China 48,010,000 394,100 121.82 [5]  Colombia
Sindh Sindh Province  Pakistan 47,886,051 140,914 513 [7]  Colombia
Dhaka Division  Bangladesh 47,424,418 31,120 1,523 [8] Spain
Jiangxi Province  China 46,220,000 166,900 276.93 [5] Spain
West Java West Java Province  Indonesia 46,029,668 34,816 1,322 [9] Spain
São Paulo (state) São Paulo State  Brazil 45,725,118 248,209 184.2 [10] Argentina
Liaoning Province  China 43,690,000 145,900 299.45 [5] Algeria
Odisha State  India 41,947,358 155,820 269 Ukraine
Fujian Province  China 39,110,000 121,400 322.15 [5] Iraq
East Java East Java Province  Indonesia 38,529,481 47,922 804 [9] Poland
Shaanxi Province  China 38,350,000 205,800 186.34 [5]  Poland
Heilongjiang Province  China 37,890,000 460,000 82.36 [5] Canada
California California State  United States 37,253,956 423,970 88 [11] Canada
Shanxi Province  China 36,820,000 156,800 234.82 [5]  Canada
Guizhou Province  China 35,550,000 176,100 201.87 [5]  Morocco
Telangana State  India 35,193,978 114,840 307  Morocco
Kerala State  India 33,387,677 38,863 859  Morocco
Jharkhand State  India 32,966,238 79,714 414 Malaysia
Central Java Central Java Province  Indonesia 32,380,687 32,548 995 [9]  Malaysia
Assam State  India 31,169,272 78,550 397 Ghana
Chongqing Province-level municipality  China 30,750,000 82,300 373.63 [5] Ghana
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province  Pakistan 30,523,371 74,521 441 Ghana
Chittagong Division  Bangladesh 28,423,019 33,771 841 [8] Mozambique
Punjab State  India 27,704,236 50,362 550 Mozambique
Jilin Province  China 27,170,000 187,400 144.98 [5] Mozambique
Oromia Region Oromia Region  Ethiopia 27,158,471 353,632 77 Mozambique
Gansu Province  China 26,260,000 454,000 57.84 [5]  Mozambique
Chhattisgarh State  India 25,540,196 135,194 189 Australia
Haryana State  India 25,353,081 44,212 573 North Korea
Inner Mongolia Autonomous region  China 25,290,000 1,183,000 21.37 [5] Madagascar
Texas Texas State  United States 25,145,561 696,241 36 [11]  Madagascar
Lagos State  Nigeria 25,087,059 3,475 7,219.3 Madagascar
Xinjiang Autonomous region  China 24,450,000 1,660,001 14.72 [5] Cameroon
Shanghai Province-level municipality  China 24,180,000 7,037 3,436.12 [5] Cameroon
Amhara Region Amhara Region  Ethiopia 24,000,200 156,960 153 Cameroon
Beijing Province-level municipality  China 21,710,000 16,801 1,292.18 [5] Sri Lanka
Minas Gerais Minas Gerais State  Brazil 20,869,101 586,528 35 [12]  Burkina Faso
New York (state) New York State  United States 19,378,102 141,299 137 [11] Romania
Florida Florida State  United States 18,801,310 170,304 110 [11] Kazakhstan
Rajshahi Division  Bangladesh 18,329,000 18,197 1,007 [8]  Kazakhstan
North Rhine-Westphalia North Rhine-Westphalia State  Germany 17,872,863 34,084 524 Guatemala
Delhi Union territory  India 16,753,235 1,483 11,297  Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands Netherlands Constituent country  Kingdom of the Netherlands 16,748,205 41,854 396 Syria
Rio de Janeiro (state) Rio de Janeiro State  Brazil 16,550,024 43,696 378 [12] Cambodia
State of Mexico State of Mexico State  Mexico 16,187,608 21,355 758 [13] Senegal
Tehran Province  Iran 15,795,116 18,814 786 Chad
Rangpur Division  Bangladesh 15,665,000 16,317 960 [8] Chad
Buenos Aires Province Buenos Aires Province  Argentina 15,594,428 307,571 51 [14] Chad
Tianjin Province-level municipality  China 15,570,000 11,760 1,323.97 [5] Chad
Khulna Division  Bangladesh 15,563,000 22,272 699 [8]  Guatemala
Bahia Bahia State  Brazil 15,203,934 564,692 27 [12] Zimbabwe
SNNPR Region  Ethiopia 15,042,531 112,343 134 Zimbabwe
Istanbul Province  Turkey 14,657,434 5,196 2,820  Zimbabwe
Kano State  Nigeria 13,381,682 20,131 665  South Sudan
Ontario Ontario Province  Canada 13,210,600 1,076,395 12  South Sudan
Gyeonggi Province  South Korea 13,045,223 10,131 1,281 [15]  South Sudan
Tokyo Tokyo Prefecture  Japan 13,010,279 2,187 5,949  South Sudan
North Sumatra North Sumatra Province  Indonesia 12,985,075 71,680 181 [9]  South Sudan
Metro Manila Region/metropolitan area  Philippines 12,877,253 639 20,152.2  South Sudan
Illinois Illinois State  United States 12,830,632 140,998 91 [11]  South Sudan
Gauteng Province  South Africa 12,728,400 16,548 632 [16][17]  South Sudan
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania State  United States 12,702,379 119,283 106 [11]  South Sudan
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir State  India 12,548,926 222,236 56 Rwanda
Bavaria Bavaria State  Germany 12,510,331 70,549 177 Rwanda
Balochistan, Pakistan Balochistan Province  Pakistan 12,344,408 347,190 41 Rwanda
Île-de-France Region  France 11,694,000 12,012 974 Benin
Ohio Ohio State  United States 11,536,504 116,096 99 [11]  Belgium
Moscow Moscow Federal city  Russia 11,503,501 1,081 9,772  Belgium
Rio Grande do Sul Rio Grande do Sul State  Brazil 11,164,050 281,748 38 [12] Cuba
Kinshasa Kinshasa Province-level municipality  D.R. Congo 11,125,000 9,965 1,116.4 Cuba
Paraná (state) Paraná State  Brazil 10,997,462 199,315 52 [12] Burundi
Baden-Württemberg Baden-Württemberg State  Germany 10,747,479 35,752 301  Greece
Banten Banten Province  Indonesia 10,644,030 9,161 1,162 [9] Czech Republic
KwaZulu-Natal Province  South Africa 10,456,900 94,361 109 [16][17] Jordan
Cairo Cairo Governorate  Egypt 10,230,350 3085.676 3,315.43 Sweden
Jakarta Jakarta Special Capital Territory  Indonesia 10,187,595 661.5 15,401 Azerbaijan
Uttarakhand State  India 10,116,752 53,483 189 Azerbaijan
Rift Valley Former Province  Kenya 10,006,805 182,413 55  Azerbaijan
Lombardy Lombardy Region  Italy 10,006,710 23,861 414 Azerbaijan
Seoul Seoul Special city  South Korea 9,989,795 605 16,485 Azerbaijan
Michigan Michigan State  United States 9,883,640 253,793 39 [11] United Arab Emirates
Sylhet Division  Bangladesh 9,807,000 12,596 779 [8] United Arab Emirates
Baghdad Governorates  Iraq 9,765,985 204.2 47,825.5  Hungary
Lima Province  Peru 9,752,000 2,672.28 2,800  Hungary
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia State  United States 9,687,653 153,909 62.9 [11]  Belarus
Central Development Regions    Nepal 9,656,985 27,410 352.3  Belarus
North Carolina North Carolina State  United States 9,535,483 139,390 68.4  Belarus
Pernambuco Pernambuco State  Brazil 9,208,511 98,311.616 93.7  Honduras
Hainan Province  China 9,170,000 33,920 270.34 [5]  Honduras
Kanagawa Prefecture Kanagawa Prefecture  Japan 9,029,996 2,415.84 3,737.8 Israel
Osaka Prefecture Osaka Prefecture  Japan 8,864,228 1,899.28 4,667.8  Austria
Mexico City Mexico City Federal district  Mexico 8,859,244 1,485 5,965.8  Austria
New Jersey New Jersey State  United States 8,791,894 22,608 388.9  Austria
Ceará Ceará State  Brazil 8,778,575 146,348.3 58 Austria
Andalusia Andalusia Autonomous community  Spain 8,424,102 87,268 97 Switzerland
Ho Chi Minh Municipality  Vietnam 8,224,400 2,096 3,900 Sierra Leone
Democratic Republic of the Congo Orientale Province  D.R. Congo 8,197,975 503,239 16 Sierra Leone
Democratic Republic of the Congo Bandundu Province  D.R. Congo 8,062,463 295,658 27 Sierra Leone
South Sulawesi South Sulawesi Province  Indonesia 8,032,551 46,717.48 170 Sierra Leone
Virginia Virginia State  United States 8,001,024 110,785.67 79 Sierra Leone
Pará Pará State  Brazil 7,969,655 1,247,689.5 6.1 Sierra Leone
Lower Saxony Lower Saxony State  Germany 7,913,502 47,624.22 170 Sierra Leone
Quebec Quebec Province  Canada 7,903,001 1,542,056 5.79 Sierra Leone
New South Wales New South Wales State  Australia 7,797,800 809,444 9.63 Sierra Leone
Veracruz Veracruz State  Mexico 7,643,194 71,820 99.2 Togo
 Yangon Region  Myanmar 7,627,000 37,021.29 210 Togo
Hanoi Municipality  Vietnam 7,587,800 2,300 3,329 Togo
Catalonia Catalonia Autonomous community  Spain 7,565,603 32,114 240 Togo
Lampung Lampung Province  Indonesia 7,596,115 34,623.80 220 Togo
Democratic Republic of the Congo Équateur Province  D.R. Congo 7,501,902 403,292 19 Togo
South Sumatra South Sumatra Province  Indonesia 7,446,401 91,592.43 81 Togo
Aichi Prefecture Aichi Prefecture  Japan 7,408,640 5,153.81 1,437.51 Togo
Jalisco Jalisco State  Mexico 7,350,682 80,386 84 Paraguay
Hong Kong Hong Kong Special administrative region  China 7,335,384 1,104 6,644.36 [5] Paraguay
Santiago Metropolitan Region Santiago Regions  Chile 7,228,581 15,403.2 469.29 [18] Paraguay
Saitama Prefecture Saitama Prefecture  Japan 7,190,817 3,797 1,893.82  Bulgaria
Bogotá Bogotá Capital district  Colombia 7,150,000 1,587 4,505.4 Bulgaria
Moscow Oblast Moscow Oblast Oblast  Russia 7,095,120 45,900 154.58 Serbia
Giza Governorate  Egypt 6,979,000 85,153 82 Serbia
Makkah Region  Saudi Arabia 6,915,006 153,128 37 Serbia
Washington (state) Washington State  United States 6,897,012 71,362 103 Lebanon
Himachal Pradesh State  India 6,856,509 55,673 123 Lebanon
Ningxia Autonomous region  China 6,820,000 66,399 102.71 [5] Lebanon
Maranhão Maranhão State  Brazil 6,794,298 331,983 20  Libya
Riyadh Region  Saudi Arabia 6,777,146 404,240 17  Libya
Massachusetts Massachusetts State  United States 6,646,144 27,337 324 Kyrgyzstan
Santa Catarina (state) Santa Catarina State  Brazil 6,634,250 95,346 70 Kyrgyzstan
Eastern Cape Province  South Africa 6,620,100 168,966 39  Kyrgyzstan

Historic First Level subdivisions[edit]

Some large former first level subdivisions with former populations (split off areas):

Second-level list[edit]

Second-level divisions are those under first level (states, provinces, etc...) and they are counties, districts or cities, but the names vary by country.

Subdivision Type Sovereign state First Order Population Area km² Density per km² Ref Comparable Country[21]
Sindh Karachi Municipal Corporation  Pakistan Sindh Sindh 16,051,000 3,541 4,533 [22]  Cambodia
China Chengdu Prefecture-level city  China China Sichuan 14,047,625 12,390 1,133  Zimbabwe
Guangzhou Prefecture-level city  China China Guangdong 12,700,800 7,434 1,708  South Sudan
Bangladesh Dhaka District District  Bangladesh Bangladesh Dhaka Division 12,043,977 1,193 10,095 [23]  South Sudan
São Paulo Municipality  Brazil São Paulo (state) São Paulo 12,038,175 1,522 7,904  South Sudan
China Baoding Prefecture-level city  China China Hebei 11,194,379 22,190 504  Belgium
India Thane District** District  India India Maharashtra 11,054,131 4,214 2623.1 [24]  Belgium
China Wuhan Prefecture-level city  China China Hubei 10,892,900 8,494.41 1282 [25]  Rwanda
China Harbin Prefecture-level city  China China Heilongjiang 10,635,971 53,068 200  Rwanda
China Shijiazhuang Prefecture-level city  China China Hebei 10,621,551 2,190 4850  Bolivia
Suzhou Prefecture-level city  China China Jiangsu 10,465,994 8,488 1,233  Portugal
China Shenzhen Prefecture-level city  China China Guangdong 10,357,938 2,050 5,052  Bolivia
China Nanyang Prefecture-level city  China China Henan 10,263,006 26,600 385  Bolivia
India North 24 Parganas district District  India India West Bengal 10,082,852 4,094 2,500 [26]  Bolivia
China Linyi Prefecture-level city  China China Shandong 10,039,400 17,251 581  Bolivia
Los Angeles County County  United States California California 10,017,068 12,310 813  Bolivia
  • Thane district has been split, now less than 10 million residents.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CIA World Factbook 2017".
  2. ^ "Population of Uttar Pradesh". India Online Pages. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Population of Maharashtra". India Online Pages. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Population of Bihar". India Online Pages. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "Annual Population Census of the People's Republic of China". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2016-04-19. Retrieved 2019-04-04.
  6. ^ Bureau of Statistics, Government of the Punjab (2015)
  7. ^ "Pak population increased by 46.9% between 1998 and 2011 - Times of India". Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "2011 Population & Housing Census: Preliminary Results" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d e 2010 Official 2010 Indonesia census results. Archived 2011-05-10 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ http://www.ibge.gov.br/apps/populacao/projecao/
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i United States Census Bureau, 2010 census results by state. Archived 2011-01-24 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ a b c d e Instituto Brasileiro de Estaística e Geografia (IBGE), 2010 Brazilian revised census results.
  13. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI), 2010 Mexican census results. Archived 2011-01-08 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos (INDEC), provisional 2010 Argentinian census results Archived 2010-12-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ http://27.101.213.4/index.jsp
  16. ^ a b "Community Survey 2007 basic results". Statistics South Africa. Archived from the original on 16 September 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
  17. ^ a b Stats in brief, 2007 (PDF). Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. 2007. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-621-37258-8. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ "National Statistics Agency Tables:4-3 Total Population and Birth Rate, Death Rate and Natural Growth Rate by Region (1997)". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  20. ^ "Citypopulation.de:Indonesia". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  21. ^ "CIA World Factbook 2010".
  22. ^ http://citypopulation.de/Pakistan-Karachi.html
  23. ^ "Dhaka (District (Zila), Bangladesh) - population statistics, map and location". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  24. ^ "Maharashtra (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards - population statistics and maps". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  25. ^ "2017年武汉市国民经济和社会发展统计公报(Statistical Communiqué of Wuhan on the 2017 National Economic and Social Development)". Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  26. ^ "West Bengal (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards - population statistics and maps". Retrieved 5 October 2014.

External links[edit]