List of coups and coup attempts by country

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This is a list by country of coups d'état and coup attempts, in chronological order.

Afghanistan[edit]

  1. February 20, 1919: Nasrullah Khan overthrows Habibullah Khan
  2. February 28, 1919: Amanullah Khan overthrows Nasrullah Khan
  3. January 17, 1929: Habibullah Kalakani overthrows Inayatullah Khan
  4. October 16, 1929: Mohammed Nadir Shah overthrows Habibullāh Kalakāni
  5. July 17, 1973: Mohammed Daoud Khan overthrows Mohammed Zahir Shah
  6. December 9, 1976: Qiyam-i Islami (Islamic Uprising) attempts and fails to overthrow Mohammed Daoud Khan
  7. April 30, 1978: Abdul Qadir overthrows Mohammed Daoud Khan
  8. September 16, 1979: Hafizullah Amin overthrows Nur Muhammad Taraki
  9. December 27, 1979: Babrak Karmal overthrows Hafizullah Amin
  10. March 6, 1990: Shahnawaz Tanai attempts and fails to overthrow Mohammad Najibullah

Albania[edit]

  1. September 14, 1998: The funeral of MP Azem Hajdari turns violent as the office of the Albanian Prime Minister Fatos Nano is attacked, obliging the latter to hastily flee and step down shortly after. His party remains in power.

Algeria[edit]

  1. July 3, 1962: Houari Boumédiène and Ahmed Ben Bella overthrow Benyoucef Benkhedda
  2. June 19, 1965: Houari Boumédiène overthrows Ahmed Ben Bella[1]
  3. January 11, 1992: Khaled Nezzar overthrows Chadli Bendjedid[2]

Argentina[edit]

  1. 6 September 1930: General José Félix Uriburu and the Nacionalistas overthrow President Hipólito Yrigoyen and suspend the 1853 Constitution.
  2. 18 December 1932: failed military uprising against Agustín Pedro Justo by Atilio Cattáneo [es] and the Radical Civic Union
  3. 4 June 1943: the military overthrows president Ramón Castillo
  4. 28 September 1951: failed military revolt against President Juan Perón by Benjamín Menéndez
  5. 16–23 September 1955: the military led by General Eduardo Lonardi overthrows president Juan Perón
  6. 6 June 1956: failed military uprising, led by General Juan José Valle, against de facto President Pedro Eugenio Aramburu
  7. 19 June 1959: failed military uprising against Arturo Frondizi by Arturo Ossorio Arana [es]
  8. 30 November 1960: failed military uprising against Arturo Frondizi by Miguel Ángel Iñíguez [es]
  9. 29 March 1962: the military, led by General Raúl Poggi [es], overthrows president Arturo Frondizi
  10. 28 June 1966: a military uprising led by General Juan Carlos Onganía overthrows president Arturo Umberto Illia
  11. 18–22 December 1975: failed military uprising against Isabel Martínez de Perón by Jesús Orlando Cappellini [es]
  12. 24 March 1976: Jorge Videla overthrows Isabel Perón and establishes the National Reorganization Process

Australia[edit]

  1. January 26, 1808: the New South Wales Corps overthrew William Bligh, Governor of New South Wales, and installed Major George Mitchell as acting lieutenant-governor

Austria[edit]

  1. July 25, 1934: the Austrian Nazi Party and the Austrian SS attempted to overthrow the Fatherland Front government in the First Austrian Republic, resulting in the assassination of Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss but ending in his succession by Kurt Schuschnigg

Azerbaijan[edit]

  1. June 9, 1993: Heydar Aliyev overthrows Abulfaz Elchibey in a political crisis during the First Nagorno-Karabakh War[3]
  2. March 13, 1995: Colonel Rovshan Javadov and his unit of OPON troops fail to seize power from president Heydar Aliyev and reinstate his predecessor Abulfaz Elchibey after Turkish President Süleyman Demirel warned Aliyev.

Bangladesh[edit]

  1. August 15, 1975: Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad overthrows the BaKSAL government of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.[4]
  2. November 3, 1975: Khaled Mosharraf overthrows the government set up by the August coup.[5]
  3. November 7, 1975: Soldiers from the Bangladesh Army overthrow and kill Khaled Mosharraf just a few days after he took power[6]
  4. May 30, 1981: Soldiers led by Major General Mohammad Abdul Monjur assassinate President Ziaur Rahman; they fail to seize power and are rounded up.[citation needed]
  5. March 24, 1982: Hussain Muhammad Ershad overthrows A. F. M. Ahsanuddin Chowdhury.[7]
  6. May 1996: Abu Saleh Mohammad Nasim attempts and fails to overthrow Abdur Rahman Biswas.[8]
  7. January 11, 2007: General Moeen U Ahmed pressures President Iajuddin Ahmed into declaring a state of emergency, postponing elections, and appointing a new Chief Advisor to head the caretaker government.[9]
  8. December 2011: Rebel army officers attempt and fail to overthrow Sheikh Hasina[10]

Benin[edit]

  1. October 28, 1963: Christophe Soglo overthrows Hubert Maga and the Dahomeyan Unity Party
  2. November 27, 1965: Christophe Soglo overthrows Sourou-Migan Apithy
  3. December 16, 1967: Maurice Kouandété overthrows Christophe Soglo
  4. October 26, 1972: Mathieu Kérékou overthrows Justin Ahomadégbé-Tomêtin
  5. January 17, 1977: French-led mercenaries attempt to overthrow Mathieu Kérékou and the People's Revolutionary Party of Benin government
  6. March 4, 2013: Failed coup attempt by Colonel Pamphile Zomahoun against President Thomas Boni Yayi

Bolivia[edit]

  1. April 18, 1828: Military revolt, Antonio José de Sucre is wounded in the arm and resigns
  2. January 22, 1839: José Miguel de Velasco overthrows Andrés de Santa Cruz
  3. June 10, 1841: Sebastián Ágreda overthrows José Miguel de Velasco
  4. September 22, 1841: José Ballivián overthrows Mariano Enrique Calvo
  5. January 2, 1848: Manuel Isidoro Belzu overthrows Eusebio Guilarte and installs José Miguel de Velasco as president
  6. December 6, 1848: Manuel Isidoro Belzu overthrows José Miguel de Velasco; failed counter-coup by Velasco
  7. 1854: Failed military revolt with notable participant Mariano Melgarejo against Manuel Isidoro Belzu
  8. September 9, 1857: José María Linares overthrows Jorge Córdova
  9. January 14, 1861: José María de Achá, Ruperto Fernández, and Manuel Antonio Sánchez overthrow José María Linares
  10. December 28, 1864: Mariano Melgarejo overthrows José María de Achá
  11. January 15, 1871: Agustín Morales overthrows Mariano Melgarejo
  12. May 4, 1876: Hilarión Daza overthrows Tomás Frías
  13. December 28, 1879: Hilarión Daza declared deposed in his absence, Narciso Campero proclaimed president on January 19, 1880
  14. April 12, 1899: José Manuel Pando overthrows Severo Fernández
  15. August 12, 1920: Bautista Saavedra overthrows José Gutiérrez
  16. June 28, 1930: Carlos Blanco Galindo overthrows Hernando Siles Reyes' ministerial cabinet
  17. November 27, 1934: Military revolt, Germán Busch under the orders of David Toro and Enrique Peñaranda overthrows Daniel Salamanca Urey and installs Vice President José Luis Tejada Sorzano as president
  18. May 17, 1936: Germán Busch overthrows José Luis Tejada Sorzano and installs David Toro as president
  19. July 13, 1937: Germán Busch overthrows David Toro
  20. December 20, 1943: Gualberto Villarroel overthrows Enrique Peñaranda
  21. July 21, 1946: Enraged mob lynches Gualberto Villarroel, Néstor Guillén and then Tomás Monje installed as interim presidents
  22. May 16, 1951: Mamerto Urriolagoitía enacts a self-coup and installs General Hugo Ballivián as president to stop President-elect Víctor Paz Estenssoro from taking office
  23. April 11, 1952: Hernán Siles Zuazo overthrows Hugo Ballivián and installs Víctor Paz Estenssoro as president
  24. November 5, 1964: René Barrientos and Alfredo Ovando Candía overthrow Víctor Paz Estenssoro[11]
  25. September 26, 1969: Alfredo Ovando Candía overthrows Luis Adolfo Siles Salinas
  26. October 6, 1970: Military revolt, three armed forces chiefs overthrow Alfredo Ovando Candía but rule for less than a day before Ovando loyalists under Juan José Torres take back control. Ovando agrees to entrust the presidency to Torres
  27. August 21, 1971: Hugo Banzer overthrows Juan José Torres[12]
  28. November 7, 1974: Failed military revolt, Hugo Banzer bans all political activity and rules solely with military support[13]
  29. July 21, 1978: Juan Pereda overthrows transitional military junta
  30. November 24, 1978: David Padilla overthrows Juan Pereda
  31. November 1, 1979: Alberto Natusch overthrows Wálter Guevara
  32. July 17, 1980: Luis García Meza overthrows Lidia Gueiler Tejada[14]
  33. June 30, 1984: Failed coup attempt by military arrests Hernán Siles Zuazo for ten hours[15]

Bophuthatswana[edit]

  1. March 11, 1994: Lucas Mangope is overthrown by mutinying Bophuthatswana Defence Force forces supported by the South African Defence Force. Bophuthatswana, a bantustan established during apartheid, is reincorporated into South Africa.

Brazil[edit]

  1. November 15, 1889: Deodoro da Fonseca and the Imperial Brazilian Army overthrow Pedro II of Brazil and establish the First Brazilian Republic.[16]
  2. November 3, 1891: Deodoro da Fonseca dissolves the National Congress during the Encilhamento crisis.
  3. November 23, 1891: Floriano Peixoto takes power without calling for new elections, like the Constitution determined.
  4. November 15, 1905: Attempted military coup during the Vaccine Revolt
  5. November 3, 1930: Getúlio Vargas overthrows Washington Luís and prevents the inauguration of Júlio Prestes.[17]
  6. November 10, 1937: Getúlio Vargas dissolves the National Congress, installing the Estado Novo dictatorship.
  7. October 29, 1945: A military coup d'état deposes Getúlio Vargas, installing the Second Brazilian Republic
  8. August 24, 1954: Possible coup d'état is averted after Getúlio Vargas commits suicide
  9. November 11, 1955: A coup d'état to prevent Juscelino Kubitschek from assuming the presidency fails after general Henrique Lott carries a countercoup
  10. February 10, 1956: The Brazilian Air Force revolts against Juscelino Kubitschek in the Jacareacanga Revolt
  11. December 2, 1959: Air Force military hijack a civil airplane and attempt a coup against Juscelino Kubitschek, in the Aragarças Revolt.
  12. August 25 – September 7, 1961: Military tries to prevent João Goulart from being sworn into presidency after resignation of Jânio Quadros. After a civil campaign and support from legalist members of the military, it is averted when a parliamentary regime is adopted, curbing presidential powers (later reverted)
  13. September 12, 1963: Displeased lower-ranking military personnel make a rebellion in Brasília after the Supreme Federal Court reaffirms their ineligibility for legislative posts, in the Sergeants' Revolt
  14. March 31, 1964: Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco overthrows João Goulart, establishing the 21-year-long dictatorship[18]
  15. August 31, 1969: The military prevents Pedro Aleixo, civilian vice-president and legal successor according to the military dictatorship recently enabled constitution, from assuming power after Costa e Silva suffers a stroke

Bulgaria[edit]

  1. August 9, 1886: An attempted dethronement of Knyaz Alexander of Battenberg.
  2. June 9, 1923: The Military Union [bg; he; pl] overthrows Aleksandar Stamboliyski and installs coup leader Aleksandar Tsankov in power.
  3. May 19, 1934: Zveno, led by Kimon Georgiev with the help of the Military Union [bg; he; pl] overthrows the coalition government led by the Democratic Party.
  4. September 9, 1944: Zveno and the Fatherland Front, led by Kimon Georgiev, overthrows Konstantin Muraviev after the Soviet invasion of Bulgaria.[19]
  5. April, 1965: A plot within the Bulgarian Communist Party to overthrow Todor Zhivkov and establish an anti-Soviet Communist government was foiled.

Burkina Faso[edit]

  1. January 3, 1966: Lieutenant Colonel Sangoulé Lamizana overthrows President Maurice Yaméogo.
  2. November 25, 1980: Colonel Saye Zerbo overthrows President Sangoulé Lamizana.
  3. November 7, 1982: Major Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo overthrows President Saye Zerbo.
  4. February 28, 1983: Failed coup attempt against President Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo.
  5. August 4, 1983: Captain Blaise Compaoré overthrows President Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo, replacing him with Captain Thomas Sankara.[20]
  6. October 15, 1987: Blaise Compaoré overthrows Thomas Sankara
  7. September 18, 1989: Alleged failed coup attempt by senior officers against President Compaoré.
  8. October 30, 2014: Lt. Colonel Yacouba Isaac Zida overthrows current President Blaise Compaoré and briefly serves as head of state before selecting Michel Kafando as the new president. Days later, Kafando appointed Zida as acting Prime Minister.
  9. September 17, 2015: The presidential guard headed by Gilbert Diendéré overthrows Interim President Michel Kafando, one month before elections are due in the nation. However, the coup collapses one week later and Kafando is reinstalled.
  10. October 8, 2016: Blaise Compaore loyalists and former presidential guards failed to overthrow President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré[21][22][23]

Burundi[edit]

  1. July 8, 1966: Ntare V overthrows Mwambutsa IV[24]
  2. November 28, 1966: Michel Micombero overthrows Ntare V[24]
  3. November 10, 1976: Jean-Baptiste Bagaza overthrows Michel Micombero
  4. September 3, 1987: Pierre Buyoya overthrows Jean-Baptiste Bagaza
  5. July 25, 1996: Pierre Buyoya overthrows Sylvestre Ntibantunganya[25]
  6. May 13–15, 2015: Failed coup d'état led by General Godefroid Niyombare against President Pierre Nkurunziza.[26]

Cambodia[edit]

  1. March 18, 1970: Lon Nol overthrows Norodom Sihanouk[27]
  2. July 5, 1997: Hun Sen overthrows Norodom Ranariddh

Cameroon[edit]

  1. April 6, 1984: Presidential palace guards failed to overthrow president Paul Biya.

Central African Republic[edit]

  1. January 1, 1966: Jean-Bédel Bokassa overthrows David Dacko[28]
  2. September 21, 1979: David Dacko overthrows Jean-Bédel Bokassa by French military support
  3. September 1, 1981: André Kolingba overthrows David Dacko
  4. March 15, 2003: François Bozizé overthrows Ange-Félix Patassé
  5. March 24, 2013: Michel Djotodia overthrows François Bozizé

Chad[edit]

  1. April 13, 1975: Noël Milarew Odingar overthrows François Tombalbaye
  2. June 7, 1982: Hissène Habré overthrows Goukouni Oueddei
  3. December 1, 1990: Idriss Déby overthrows Hissène Habré
  4. May 16, 2004: Failed coup against President Idriss Déby
  5. March 14, 2006: Failed coup against President Idriss Déby
  6. May 1, 2013: Failed coup against Idriss Déby.[29][30]

Chile[edit]

China[edit]

  1. 249: Incident at Gaoping Tombs Sima Yi threw a coup against the Cao Wei regent Cao Shuang
  2. July 2, 626: During the Xuanwu Gate Incident, Prince Li Shimin and his close followers killed Crown Prince Li Jiancheng and Prince Li Yuanji before taking complete control of the Tang government from Emperor Gaozu.[31]
  3. February 960: Coup at Chen Bridge during the Later Zhou dynasty, one of its distinguished military generals, Zhao Kuangyin, staged a coup d'état, successfully forcing the last ruler of the dynasty, Emperor Gong, to abdicate the throne in his favour. Thus the general Zhao Kuangyin became Emperor Taizu who founded the Song Dynasty, reigning from 960 until his death in 976.
  4. 1856: Tianjing incident: The Taiping rebellion East King Yang Xiuqing attempts to take control of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom from Heavenly King Hong Xiuquan but he and his followers are killed
  5. 1861: Xinyou Coup: With the help of Prince Gong, Empress Dowager Cixi ousted eight regents (led by Sushun) whom the Xianfeng Emperor had appointed on his deathbed to rule for the child Tongzhi Emperor.
  6. September 21, 1898: Wuxu Coup: In response to the Hundred Days' Reform, Empress Dowager Cixi takes power from the Guangxu Emperor.
  7. February 12, 1912: Qing general Yuan Shikai, by agreement with Sun Yat-sen and his Provisional Government, Emperor Puyi to abdicate and established the Beiyang government, ending the Qing Dynasty.
  8. Late 1913 – January 1914: Yuan Shikai crackdown the Chinese National Assembly.
  9. December 22, 1915: Yuan Shikai launches a self-coup by establishing the Empire of China, with himself as the Emperor of China.
  10. June 14, 1917: Qing-loyalist general Zhang Xun overthrows Chinese President Li Yuanhong and later proclaim the restoration of the Qing Empire with Puyi as emperor.
  11. July 12, 1917: Brief restoration attempt was crushed by Duan Qirui troops.
  12. July 19, 1920: Cao Kun and Zhang Zuolin overthrow Duan Qirui.
  13. January 25, 1922: Wu Peifu overthrow Liang Shiyi causing First Zhili-Fengtian War.
  14. October 23, 1924: Feng Yuxiang overthrow Cao Kun and establish Guominjun.
  15. April 18, 1926: Zhang Xueliang and Wu Peifu capture the capital Beijing and then sack city leading to the collapse of Beiyang government and nearly destruction of Guominjun fraction.
  16. April 12, 1927: Chiang Kai-shek order to purge communists in his Kuomintang party to ensure right wing dominance in the party.[citation needed]
  17. June 2, 1928: Yan Xishan (allied with Chiang Kai-shek) overthrow Zhang Zuolin.
  18. April 1930: Yan Xishan expels Chiang Kai-shek's supporters from Beijing, starting the Central Plains War.
  19. 12 December 1936 – 25 December 1936: Zhang Xueliang kidnaps Chiang Kai-shek in an attempt to seize power and establish a united Anti-Japanese front with the Communist Party against the Japanese occupation of Manchuria.

Ciskei[edit]

  1. March 4, 1990: Oupa Gqozo and the Ciskei Defense Force overthro Lennox Sebe.[32]

Colombia[edit]

  1. June 13, 1953: Gustavo Rojas Pinilla overthrows Laureano Gómez[33]

Comoros[edit]

  1. August 3, 1975: Said Mohamed Jaffar and Bob Denard overthrow Ahmed Abdallah
  2. May 23, 1978: Ahmed Abdallah and Bob Denard overthrow Ali Soilih
  3. November 26, 1989: Said Mohamed Djohar and Bob Denard overthrow Ahmed Abdallah
  4. September 28, 1995: Bob Denard overthrows Said Mohamed Djohar for 7 days. (see Operation Azalee)
  5. April 30, 1999: Azali Assoumani overthrows Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde[34]
  6. April 20, 2013 A failed coup against President Ikililou Dhoinine[35]

Congo, Democratic Republic of the[edit]

  1. September 14, 1960: Mobutu Sese Seko overthrows Patrice Lumumba
  2. November 25, 1965: Mobutu Sese Seko overthrows Joseph Kasa-Vubu
  3. May 16, 1997: Laurent-Désiré Kabila overthrows Mobutu Sese Seko, leading to the First Congo War[citation needed]

Congo, Republic of the[edit]

  1. August 15, 1963: Alphonse Massamba-Débat overthrows Fulbert Youlou
  2. September 4, 1968: Marien Ngouabi overthrows Alphonse Massamba-Débat[36]
  3. February 8, 1979: Denis Sassou Nguesso overthrows Joachim Yhombi-Opango
  4. October 25, 1997: Denis Sassou Nguesso overthrows Pascal Lissouba

Costa Rica[edit]

  1. April 27, 1870: Bruno Carranza overthrows Jesús Jiménez Zamora
  2. July 30, 1876: Vicente Herrera Zeledón overthrows Aniceto Esquivel Sáenz
  3. January 27, 1917: Federico Tinoco Granados overthrows Alfredo González Flores

Cuba[edit]

  1. September 3, 1933: Fulgencio Batista ousts Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y Quesada in the Sergeants' Revolt.
  2. March 10, 1952: Batista overthrows Carlos Prío Socarrás
  3. Jan 1, 1959: Fidel Castro and his communist revolutionaries overthrow Fulgencio Batista government.

Cyprus[edit]

  1. 1972–1973: Three bishops of the Cypriot Orthodox Church attempt to overthrow Archbishop Makarios III as President of Cyprus
  2. July 15, 1974: Nikos Sampson, with support from EOKA B and the National Guard, overthrows Makarios III

Czechoslovakia[edit]

  1. 1926–28 Gajda Affair: Rumored coup plots by Radola Gajda and the Czechoslovak Army against President Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk's government.
  2. February 25, 1948: the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia under Klement Gottwald eliminates all democratic elements from power.

Denmark[edit]

  1. 1660 by Frederick III of Denmark declares a state of emergency after the Dano-Swedish War to forcibly implement an absolute hereditary monarchy.
  2. 1772; Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel; her advisor Ove Høegh-Guldberg; and her son Hereditary Prince Frederick threw a palace coup against Queen Caroline Matilda of Great Britain and her lover Johann Friedrich Struensee, who had come to dominate the Danish court due to the mental illness of King Christian VII
  3. 1784; Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark overthrew Juliana Maria's clique

Dominican Republic[edit]

  1. May 30, 1849: Pedro Santana overthrows Manuel Jiménes
  2. June 13, 1858: José Desiderio Valverde overthrows Buenaventura Báez
  3. September 25, 1963: Elías Wessin y Wessin overthrows Juan Bosch, leading to the Dominican Civil War

Dominica[edit]

  1. April 27, 1981; Failed coup attempt by American and Canadian Neo-Nazi white supremacist and Ku Klux Klan leaders James Alexander McQuirter and Don Black to overthrow Prime Minister Eugenia Charles and restore Prime Minister Patrick John

Ecuador[edit]

  1. 1925 by Luis Telmo Paz y Miño
  2. 1935 by Federico Páez
  3. 1963 by Ramón Castro Jijón
  4. 1972 by Guillermo Rodríguez
  5. 1975 failed attempt by General Raúl González Alvear[37]
  6. 2000 by Lucio Gutiérrez

Egypt[edit]

  1. 1879: Nationalist Revolution. Beginning of the British Occupation of Egypt.
  2. 1919: Attempt to stop the British Occupation of Egypt, The Kingdom of Egypt is Established and Recognised as an Independent State.
  3. 1952: Muhammad Naguib and the Free Officers Movement overthrows Farouk of Egypt, ending the Kingdom of Egypt.
  4. February 27, 1954: Gamal Abdel Nasser overthrows Muhammad Naguib
  5. 2011: Hosni Mubarak Overthrown
  6. 2013: Mohamed Morsi Overthrown by General Abdel Fattah El Sisi

El Salvador[edit]

  1. December 2, 1931 by Maximiliano Hernández Martínez
  2. April 2, 1944: Failed coup by the army.
  3. October 20, 1944 by Osmín Aguirre y Salinas
  4. December 14, 1948 by Manuel de Jesús Córdova
  5. October 26, 1960: A bloodless coup overthrows President José María Lemus
  6. January 25, 1961: A coup overthrows the junta established just a few months before.
  7. October 15, 1979: A coup d'état brought the Revolutionary Government Junta of El Salvador to power.
  8. February 9, 2020: Attempted self coup by Nayib Bukele

England[edit]

  1. 1603: Main Plot: Alleged Spanish-funded plot by courtiers led by Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham to overthrow King James I and replace him with his cousin Lady Arbella Stuart.
  2. 5 November 1605: Gunpowder Plot: Failed plot by a group of provincial English Catholics, including Guy Fawkes, who attempted to kill King James I and much of the Protestant aristocracy by blowing up the Houses of Parliament during the State Opening of Parliament.
  3. 1641: Army Plots: alleged and real Royalist plans by King Charles I to suppress the English Parliament before the First English Civil War; exposed by Parliamentarians such as John Pym
  4. 1648: Pride's Purge: Parliamentarian troops under Colonel Thomas Pride purge the Long Parliament of those opposed to trying King Charles I for treason after the English Civil War, turning it into the republican Rump Parliament and leading directly to the abolition of the monarchy.
  5. 20 April 1653: Dissolution of the Rump Parliament: Oliver Cromwell, with forty musketeers under the command of Charles Worsley, entered the House of Commons and forcibly dissolved the Rump Parliament leading to Cromwell becoming Lord Protector and instigating military rule.
  6. 1654: Gerard's conspiracy: abortive Royalist conspiracy to assassinate Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell
  7. 1688–1689: The Glorious Revolution: William III of Orange invades England at the invitation of the country's powerful Protestants, deposing the Catholic James II of England.

Equatorial Guinea[edit]

  1. September 29, 1979: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo overthrows Francisco Macías Nguema
  2. March 7, 2004: A coup attempt is stopped before the plotters can arrive in country

Estonia[edit]

  1. December 1, 1924: failed Communist coup attempt
  2. March 12, 1934: Konstantin Päts (self coup) and established an authoritarian rule.

Ethiopia[edit]

  1. 1910: Ras Tessema Nadew and Fitawrawi Habte Giyorgis against Empress Taytu, regent of the incapacitated Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia
  2. 1916: a group of aristocrats, including Fitawrawi Habte Giyorgis and Ras Tafari Makonnen, against Emperor Iyasu V.
  3. September 12, 1974: Aman Mikael Andom overthrows Emperor Haile Selassie I
  4. November 17, 1974: Tafari Benti overthrows Aman Mikael Andom
  5. February 3, 1977: Mengistu Haile Mariam overthrows Tafari Benti, establishing the Derg
  6. June 22, 2019: Failed coup against the regional government in Amhara Region; resulted in the death of several prominent Ethiopian civil and military officials

Fiji[edit]

  1. May 14, 1987: Sitiveni Rabuka overthrows Prime Minister Timoci Bavadra
  2. September 28, 1987: Sitiveni Rabuka overthrows Governor General Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau and Queen Elizabeth II. Republic is proclaimed
  3. May 19, 2000: George Speight overthrows Mahendra Chaudhry
  4. December 5, 2006: Frank Bainimarama overthrows Laisenia Qarase

Finland[edit]

  1. 27 January 1918: The radical left wing Labour Movement failed to overthrow the Finnish Senate.
  2. February 27 – March 6, 1932: The radical nationalist Lapua Movement failed to overthrow the Finnish government.
  3. Pro-Soviet Finnish Communist plot to overthrow the Finnish government in 1948 (cancelled).

France[edit]

  1. 1567 – Surprise of Meaux: Failed plot by Louis, Prince of Condé to kidnap King Charles IX, causing the Second French War of Religion
  2. 10 August 1792 – Insurrection of 10 August 1792: The Paris Commune rallied Republican fédérés and National Guard troops to storm the Tuileries Palace, effectively deposing the French monarchy and imprisoning King Louis XVI
  3. 31 May – 2 June 1793 – Insurrection of 31 May – 2 June 1793: – Montagnard-aligned sans-culottes arrest all leading Girondin ministers and deputies and execute them
  4. 26–28 July 1794 – Thermidorian Reaction: A conspiracy of anti-Robespierrist Montagnards form an alliance to have de facto dictator Robespierre and his associates arrested and executed; they escape but are arrested again and executed
  5. 1 April 1795 – Insurrection of 12 Germinal, Year III: Unarmed citizens occupied the National Convention, but were driven out by the National Guard without bloodshed
  6. 5 October 1795 – 13 Vendémiaire: A royalist attempt to seize power in Paris during the Vendée rebellion is crushed by the French Revolutionary Army under the command of Napoleon
  7. 4 September 1797 – Coup of 18 Fructidor: The French Directory, with the support of the military, deposes the royalists
  8. May 1796 – Conspiracy of the Equals: Failed radical attempt to overthrow the Directory led by Gracchus Babeouf
  1. 11 May 1798 – Law of 22 Floréal Year VI: The French Directory dismisses 106 Jacobin deputies from the Council of Five Hundred.
  2. 18 June 1799 – Coup of 30 Prairial VII: The Councils obtain the removal of three out of the five members of the French Directory through military pressure, leaving Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès as the dominant member of the French government.
  3. 9 November 1799 – Coup of 18 Brumaire : Napoleon Bonaparte overthrows the French Directory and installs the French Consulate
  4. February 1804 – Pichegru Conspiracy: A foiled royalist plot to overthrow the Napoleonic Consulate
  5. 23 October 1812 – Malet coup of 1812: General Claude François de Malet fails to remove Napoleon from power while he was away on the Russian Campaign
  6. 2 December 1851 – French coup d'état of 1851: Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, then president of France, dissolves the National Assembly and becomes the sole ruler of the country. In the following year, he would restore the French Empire after a referendum.
  7. 23 February 1899 – French coup attempt of 1899 [fr]: Paul Déroulède attempts to overthrow the French Third Republic
  8. 13 May 1958 – May 1958 crisis in France: A partial coup d'état led by Pierre Lagaillarde, after which Charles de Gaulle is brought back to power and established the French Fifth Republic
  9. 21–26 April 1961 – Algiers putsch of 1961: A failed coup d'état against president Charles de Gaulle intended to prevent a withdrawal from French Algeria

Gabon[edit]

  1. February 17–18, 1964: A group of Gabonese officers overthrows President Leon Mba
  2. January 7, 2019: Gabonese soldiers seizing the national radio in an attempted coup against Ali Bongo Ondimba.

Gambia[edit]

  1. July 22, 1994: Yahya Jammeh overthrows Dawda Jawara
  2. December 30, 2014: a failed coup against Yahya Jammeh led by Former head of the presidential guards Lamin Sanneh

Georgia[edit]

  1. 3 May 1920: 1920 Georgian coup attempt, a failed Bolshevik coup against the Democratic Republic of Georgia.
  2. Jan 6, 1992: Tengiz Kitovani and Jaba Ioseliani overthrow Zviad Gamsakhurdia

Germany[edit]

  1. January 1919: The Spartacus League attempts to overthrow the Social Democratic-dominated Council of People's Deputies; suppressed by the Reichswehr and the Freikorps.
  2. March 1920: Various Freikorps led by Wolfgang Kapp and Walther von Lüttwitz attempt to overthrow Weimar Republic; successfully seize control of Berlin but are suppressed with a general strike.
  3. November 8, 1923: failed attempt by Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler with Erich Ludendorff to seize control of Bavaria and overthrow Gustav Ritter von Kahr's state government in Munich; suppressed by the Reichswehr and the police.
  4. March 23, 1933: The Chancellor Adolf Hitler assumes full powers in a self-coup.[citation needed]
  5. 1938: Oster conspiracy: Plan by Hans Oster and other high-ranking members of the Wehrmacht to overthrow the Nazi dictatorship and crown Prince William of Prussia as Emperor of a revived Hohenzollern Dynasty if Germany went to war with Czechoslovakia over the Sudetenland; never carried out due to the Munich Agreement
  6. July 20, 1944: Members of the German resistance led by Claus von Stauffenberg attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler and seize control from the Nazi Party; successfully bombed the Wolf's Lair in Rastenburg, East Prussia, but failed to kill Hitler.

Ghana[edit]

  1. February 24, 1966: Joseph Arthur Ankrah overthrows Kwame Nkrumah
  2. April 17, 1967: Failed military coup
  3. January 13, 1972: Ignatius Kutu Acheampong overthrows Kofi Abrefa Busia
  4. July 5, 1978: Fred Akuffo overthrows Ignatius Kutu Acheampong
  5. June 4, 1979: Jerry John Rawlings overthrows Fred Akuffo
  6. December 31, 1981: Jerry John Rawlings overthrows Hilla Limann

Greece[edit]

Grenada[edit]

  1. March 13, 1979: Maurice Bishop overthrows Eric Gairy
  2. October 14, 1983: Bernard Coard overthrows Maurice Bishop[citation needed]
  3. October 19, 1983: Hudson Austin overthrows Bernard Coard

Guam[edit]

  1. 1898 by José Sisto overthrows Francisco Portusach Martínez as Governor of Guam after Martinez received the position following the American capture of Guam during the Spanish-American War
  2. 1898 by Venancio Roberto and several islanders overthrew José Sisto, who was eventually reappointed to his old position by the U.S. federal government

Guatemala[edit]

  1. July 8, 1954: Carlos Castillo Armas successfully overthrows Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán's Revolutionary Action Party government; assisted by the CIA in Operation PBSUCCESS.
  2. 1963 under Enrique Peralta Azurdia
  3. 1982 under Efraín Ríos Montt

Guinea[edit]

  1. April 3, 1984: Lansana Conté overthrows Louis Lansana Beavogui
  2. December 24, 2008: Moussa Dadis Camara overthrows Aboubacar Somparé

Guinea-Bissau[edit]

  1. November 14, 1980: João Bernardo Vieira overthrows Luís Cabral
  2. May 7, 1999: Ansumane Mané overthrows João Bernardo Vieira
  3. September 14, 2003: Veríssimo Correia Seabra overthrows Kumba Ialá
  4. April 12, 2012: Army overthrows the government.

Haiti[edit]

  1. October 17, 1806: Henri Christophe and Alexandre Pétion overthrow Emperor Jacques I
  2. Feb 13, 1843: Charles Rivière-Hérard overthrows Jean-Pierre Boyer
  3. May 3, 1844: Philippe Guerrier overthrows Charles Rivière-Hérard
  4. March 24, 1846: Jean-Baptiste Riché overthrows Jean-Louis Pierrot
  5. January 15, 1859: Fabre Geffrard overthrows Emperor Faustin I
  6. August 26, 1867: Sylvain Salnave overthrows Fabre Geffrard
  7. December 27, 1869: Nissage Saget overthrows Sylvain Salnave
  8. April 16, 1876: Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal overthrows Michel Domingue
  9. October 19, 1888: François Denys Légitime overthrows Lysius Salomon
  10. October 17, 1889: Florvil Hyppolite overthrows François Denys Légitime
  11. December 21, 1902: Pierre Nord Alexis overthrows Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
  12. December 2, 1908: François C. Antoine Simon overthrows Pierre Nord Alexis
  13. August 3, 1911: Cincinnatus Leconte overthrows Antoine Simon
  14. January, 1914: Oreste Zamor overthrows Michel Oreste
  15. November 7, 1914: Joseph Davilmar Théodore overthrows Oreste Zamor
  16. February 25, 1915: Vilbrun Guillaume Sam overthrows Joseph Davilmar Théodore
  17. July 28, 1915: Mulatto uprising overthrows and kills Vilbrun Guillaume Sam
  18. January 11, 1946: Military junta overthrows Élie Lescot
  19. May 10, 1950: Paul Eugène Magloire against Dumarsais Estimé
  20. April 4, 1957: Leon Cantave overthrows Franck Sylvain
  21. June 14, 1957: Antonio Thrasybule Kébreau overthrows Daniel Fignolé
  22. July 28–29, 1958: Pasquet, Dominique, Perpignan failed attempt Francois Duvalier
  23. February 6, 1986: Jean Claude Duvalier goes into exile. He is replaced by the National Governing Council
  24. June 20, 1988: Henri Namphy overthrows Leslie Manigat
  25. September 17, 1988: Prosper Avril overthrows Henri Namphy
  26. September 30, 1991: Raoul Cédras overthrows Jean-Bertrand Aristide
  27. 5–29 February 2004: ousted president Jean-Bertrand Aristide during his second term

Honduras[edit]

  1. 1956[clarification needed][citation needed]
  2. 1963 under Oswaldo López Arellano
  3. 1972 under Oswaldo López Arellano
  4. 1975 under Juan Alberto Melgar Castro
  5. 1978 under Policarpo Paz García
  6. 2009

Hungary[edit]

  1. August 7, 1919: István Friedrich overthrows the MSZDP government of Gyula Peidl
  2. October 15–16, 1944: Ferenc Szálasi and the Arrow Cross Party, supported by the Wehrmacht and the Waffen-SS, overthrow Regent Miklós Horthy to prevent him from signing an armistice with the Allied Powers.
  3. May 28–31, 1947: Mátyás Rákosi and the Hungarian Communist Party overthrow Ferenc Nagy's government by arresting members of the National Assembly.
  4. November 4, 1956 by János Kádár against Imre Nagy with the support of the invading Soviet Army

Indonesia[edit]

  1. 1950 Indonesian Coup.
  2. Sep 30, 1965: A failed coup attempted by the Communist Party of Indonesia.
  3. March 11, 1966: Suharto overthrows Sukarno (see Transition to the New Order)

Iran[edit]

  1. 552 BC: Persian Revolt: Cyrus the Great led the Persis to declare independence from and then conquer the Median Empire, establishing the Achaemenid Empire.
  2. 522 BC: Darius I's revolt against Bardiya
  3. 338 BC: Assassination of Artaxerxes III and his family by Bagoas. Artaxerxes IV becomes the new King of Kings.
  4. 336 BC: Bagoas kills Artaxerxes IV by poison. Rise of Darius III to the throne.
  5. 309: Assassination of Adur Narseh by the nobles; His infant brother, Shapur II, becomes the new King of Kings.
  6. 420: Assassination and deposition of Yazdegerd I by the nobles.
  7. 488: Deposition of Balash by Sukhra, in favor of the shah's nephew, Kavad I.
  8. 496: The nobles depose Kavad I and install Jamasp as the new shah of shahs of Iran and Aniran.
  9. 590: Coup d'état by Vistahm and Vinduyih against Hormizd IV, in favor of his son, Khosrow II.
  10. 590: General Bahram Chobin revolts against the Sassanian government and captures Ctesiphon. Khosrow II flees to Constantinople.
  11. 628: Overthrow of Khosrow II by his son Kavad II.
  12. 630: Siege of Ctesiphon by the military commander Shahrbaraz. Execution of king Ardashir III.
  13. 631: Rostam Farrokhzad captures Ctesiphon, kills Azarmidokht and installs Boran as the queen of queens of Iran and Aniran.
  14. 1732: Nader Shah overthrows Tahmasp II
  15. 1733: Governor of the Kuhgiluyeh's rebellion against Safavid Empire
  16. 1736: Deposition of Abbas III, the nominal ruler of Iran, by Nader Shah. The official end of the Safavid dynasty of Iran.
  17. 1744: Beylerbey of Fars province's rebellion against Nader Shah
  18. 1747: Assassination of Nader Shah in support of Adil Shah.
  19. 1748: Ebrahim Afshar (brother of Adil Shah) defeated and blinded him and took the throne.
  20. 1748: Assassination of Ebrahim Afshar by command of Shahrukh Afshar
  21. 1798: Assassination of Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar in support of Sadiq Khan Shaqaqi
  22. 1908: Bombardment of the Majlis by Vladimir Liakhov in support of Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar.
  23. 1921: Coup d'état by Reza Khan Mirpanj (later Reza Shah Pahlavi) and Zia'eddin Tabatabaee during the reign of Ahmad Shah Qajar.
  24. 1953: Coup d'état against Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh in support of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi; sponsored by the CIA and MI6 in retaliation for the nationalization of Anglo-Iranian Oil.
  25. 1980: Failed coup d'état by a group of Iranian Armed Forces officers against the newly established Islamic regime.

Iraq[edit]

  1. October 20, 1936: Bakr Sidqi overthrows Yasin al-Hashimi
  2. April 1, 1941: Rashid Ali al-Gaylani overthrows 'Abd al-Ilah with the support of the Axis Powers, leading to the Anglo-Iraqi War
  3. July 14, 1958: Abdul Karim Qassim against King Faisal II, ending the Hashemite monarchy in Iraq.
  4. February 8, 1963: Abdul Salam Arif and Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr overthrow Abdul Karim Qassim
  5. November 11, 1963: Pro-Nasserist officers of the Iraqi Armed Forces oust the Ba'ath Party from government
  6. July 17, 1968: Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr overthrows Abdul Rahman Arif, establishing the Ba'athist dictatorship.

Italy[edit]

  1. 1355: Faliero coup: Attempt by Doge Marino Faliero to overthrow the Republic of Venice
  2. 1922: Fascist coup d'état: Benito Mussolini and his National Fascist Party's Blackshirt militias attempt to overthrow Prime Minister Luigi Facta with an insurrection in Rome; successful when King Victor Emmanuel III refused to allow Facta to declare a state of martial law
  3. 1943: The 24 July coup to remove Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini as Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Italy and replace him with Marshal Pietro Badoglio; Count Dino Grandi and the Grand Council of Fascism voted overwhelmingly to ask King Victor Emmanuel to resume his full constitutional powers and, on the following day, the King summoned Mussolini to his palace and dismissed him.
  4. 1964: Coup attempted by military groups.
  5. 1970: Coup attempt by neo-fascist groups led by Junio Valerio Borghese, a former Italian Royal Navy commander of World War II; failed after the CIA and NATO refused to support it

Ivory Coast[edit]

  1. December 24, 1999: Robert Guéï overthrows Henri Konan Bédie

Japan[edit]

  1. Lunar August, 456 AD: Historical texts state that Mayuwa no Ōkimi (ja:眉輪王) assassinated reigning Ōkimi Emperor Ankō (安康天皇) over the alleged killing of his father. According to Nihonshiki, the influential Ōomi Katsuragi no Tsubura was also killed by arson, whereas the Kojiki says he took his own life. This potentially could have been a coup attempt as the two most senior statesmen were targeted and eliminated, nevertheless the plotter is not indicated to have wanted to assume the throne, instead Emperor Yuryaku ascended 3 months later.
  2. 479 AD – Prince Hoshikawa Rebellion: Failed attempt by Prince Hoshikawa to gain the throne
  3. 498 AD: Ōomi Heguri no Matori briefly takes over Yamato Japan's government in a briefly successful coup upon the death of Emperor Ninken, before being defeated and killed by Otomo no Kanamura, who raised Emperor Buretsu to the throne.

Over a century later, in 632 A.D. the title Ōkimi was posthumously reassigned to the term Tenno. This term is currently equated with Emperor.

  1. 645 AD – Isshi Incident: Soga no Iruka was assassinated in a successful coup, with one of the coup plotters becoming the next Emperor. (Taika Reform)
  2. 764 AD – Fujiwara no Nakamaro Rebellion: Failed coup by Fujiwara no Nakamaro to overthrow Retired Empress Kōken and the monk Dōkyō.
  3. 1156 – Hōgen rebellion: Emperor Go-Shirakawa successfully defeats his rival Jōkō Emperor Sutoku.
  4. 1160 – Heiji rebellion: The Minamoto clan took up arms against the Taira clan, the Taira clan emerges victorious.
  5. 1184 – Siege of Hōjūjidono: Amidst the Genpei War, Kiso Yoshinaka ambushes Hōjūjidono, confining Emperor Go-Toba and Cloistered Emperor Go-Shirakawa.
  6. 1864–65: The Mito Rebellion of Takeda Kōunsai; rebellion in the Mito Domain in support of the sonnō jōi policy
  7. 1866–68: The Meiji Restoration and modernization revolution in Japan. Samurai uprising leads to overthrow of the Tokugawa Shogunate and establishment of "modern" parliamentary, Western-style system under the Meiji era.
  8. March 1931: An aborted coup by the Sakurakai to overthrow Prime Minister Osachi Hamaguchi and form a new government led by Army Minister Kazushige Ugaki.
  9. October 21, 1931: An aborted coup also by the Sakurakai
  10. May 15, 1932: A failed coup by members of the Imperial Japanese Navy resulting in the assassination of Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi
  11. November 1934: A failed coup by members of the Imperial Japanese Army to achieve a Shōwa Restoration.
  12. February 26, 1936: A failed coup by the Imperial Way Faction in the Imperial Japanese Army against Prime Minister Keisuke Okada's government.
  13. August 14–15, 1945: A failed coup against the Emperor Hirohito by members of the Japanese War Ministry and the Imperial Guard opposed to surrendering to the Allied Powers at the end of World War II; failed after failing to convince the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff and the Eastern District Army to join
  14. August 24, 1945: A failed coup by dissidents opposed to surrender led by Isao Okazaki in Matsue.
  15. December 12, 1961: Sanyuu Incident, an aborted coup by retired right wing members of the Imperial Japanese Army
  16. November 25, 1970: An aborted coup by author Yukio Mishima, who attempted to convince the Japan Self-Defense Forces to overturn the 1947 Constitution.

Jordan[edit]

  1. 1970: Failed Palestine Liberation Organization coup attempt against King Hussain; King Hussein retaliated with Black September conflict driving the PLO to Lebanon.[38]

Kenya[edit]

  1. 1st August 1982: attempted coup by Kenya Air Force personnel to overthrow the Daniel arap Moi government; captured Eastleigh Air Base and parts of Nairobi before collapsing

Korea, North[edit]

  1. Kapsan Faction Incident: Attempt by faction of former anti-Japanese guerrillas led by Pak Kum-chol to overthrow Kim Il-sung, end the cult of personality, and introduce economic reforms. Led to a crackdown and purges in the Korean Workers' Party, as well as the implementation of the Ten Principles for the Establishment of a Monolithic Ideological System.

Korea, South[edit]

  1. April 3, 1948: the Workers' Party of South Korea on Jeju Island launched an uprising against the U.S. Army Military Government in Korea and the First Republic of Korea led by Rhee Syngman
  2. October 19, 1948: the Workers' Party launched an anti-socialist rebellion in South Jeolla Province
  3. July 2, 1952 under Syngman Rhee: A militarily forced constitutional revision.
  4. May 16, 1961: Park Chung Hee overthrew the Second Republic of Korea led by Yun Bo-seon and replaced it with the Supreme Council for National Reconstruction
  5. October 17, 1972: President Park Chung Hee lead a coup to restore total presidential authority after his party underperformed in elections, creating the Fourth Republic of Korea.
  6. December 12, 1979: Major General Chun Doo-hwan of the Defense Security Command arrested Republic of Korea Army Chief of Staff Jeong Seung-hwa and his allies, creating the Fifth Republic of Korea.
  7. May 17, 1980: under Chun Doo-hwan: An extension of martial law.
  8. 2013: the National Intelligence Service accused members of the Unified Progressive Party of plotting a coup against President Park Geun-hye in the event of a war with North Korea.

Laos[edit]

  1. 25 December 1959: Coup by Captain Kong Le established General Phoumi Nosavan in charge
  2. 9 August 1960: Captain Kong Le overthrew General Phoumi
  3. 16 December 1960: General Phoumi won counter-coup in Battle of Vientiane
  4. 18 April 1964: Police General Siho Lamphouthacoul seized power for five days
  5. 4 August 1964: General Phoumi's attempt fails
  6. 31 January 1965: Colonel Bounleut Saycocie's and General Phoumi's independent attempts both fail
  7. 1966 Laotian coup: General Thao Ma's coup by air strike fails
  8. 1973 Laotian coup: General Thao Ma's coup via air strike fails
  9. 2007 Laotian coup failed coup by General Vang Pao

Latvia[edit]

  1. May 15, 1934: Kārlis Ulmanis dissolved the Saeima (Parliament) and established an authoritarian rule.

Lesotho[edit]

  1. January 18, 1986: Justin Metsing Lekhanya overthrows Leabua Jonathan
  2. November 12, 1990: Justin Metsing Lekhanya overthrows King Moshoeshoe II of Lesotho
  3. May 2, 1991: Elias Phisoana Ramaema overthrows Justin Metsing Lekhanya
  4. August 30, 2014: A failed coup attempt

Liberia[edit]

  1. April 12, 1980: Master Sergeant Samuel K. Doe overthrows President William R. Tolbert, Jr.
  2. September 9, 1990: Prince Johnson overthrows President Samuel K. Doe[citation needed]

Libya[edit]

  1. September 1, 1969: Muammar al-Gaddafi overthrows King Idris I of Libya and establishes a republic.
  2. April 17, 2013: an attempt Libyan coup against Prime Minister Ali Zeidan by Muammar Gaddafi loyalists.[39]
  3. October 10, 2013: a second attempt Libyan coup led by Abdel-Moneim al-Hour against Prime Minister Ali Zeidan.[40]
  4. April and October 2014: a failed coups against Prime Minister Ali Zeidan in first coup and Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thani in second coup by Maj. Gen.Khalifa Haftar.
  5. 14 October 2016: a failed coup against Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj by ex-Prime Minister Khalifa al-Ghawil.

Lithuania[edit]

There are estimated to be over 10 unsuccessful coups during the period of 1919–1940 in Lithuania.

  1. December 17, 1926, overthrowing President Kazys Grinius and Antanas Smetona becoming the head of state.
  2. September 9, 1927, known as Tauragė Uprising, a failed attempt to overthrow Lithuanian Nationalist Union and to re-establish previous Govt.
  3. June 6–7, 1934 failed coup d'état led by fascist Iron Wolf

Madagascar[edit]

  1. October 11, 1972: Gabriel Ramanantsoa overthrows Philibert Tsiranana
  2. February 5, 1975: Richard Ratsimandrava overthrows Gabriel Ramanantsoa
  3. March 17, 2009: Andry Rajoelina overthrows Marc Ravalomanana (see 2009 Malagasy political crisis)

Malaysia[edit]

Mali[edit]

  1. November 19, 1968: Moussa Traoré overthrows Modibo Keïta
  2. March 26, 1991: Amadou Toumani Touré overthrows Moussa Traoré
  3. March 22, 2012: Military overthrows Amadou Toumani Touré
  4. August 18, 2020: Military overthrows Ibrahim Boubacar Keita

Mauritania[edit]

  1. July 10, 1978: Mustafa Ould Salek overthrows Moktar Ould Daddah
  2. April 6, 1979: Ahmad Ould Bouceif and Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla overthrow Mustafa Ould Salek
  3. January 4, 1980: Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla overthrows Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Louly
  4. December 12, 1984: Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya overthrows Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla
  5. August 3, 2005: Ely Ould Mohamed Vall overthrows Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya
  6. August 6, 2008: Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz overthrows Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi

Mexico[edit]

  1. 1799: Conspiracy of the Machetes in New Spain: plot by Criollo civil servants to overthrow the Spanish Empire and establish an independent republic; regarded as a precursor to the War of Mexican Independence
  2. 1829 by Anastasio Bustamante against Vicente Guerrero
  3. 1845 by Mariano Paredes against José Joaquín de Herrera
  4. 1876 by Porfirio Díaz against Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada
  5. 1911: Francisco I. Madero against Porfirio Díaz (and Francisco León de la Barra)
  6. 1913 by Victoriano Huerta (and Pedro Lascuráin) against Francisco I. Madero
  7. 1920 by Adolfo de la Huerta against Venustiano Carranza

Montenegro[edit]

  1. October 2016: attempted by opposition and Russian agents against the government of Milo Đukanović on the day of parliamentary election[41]

Morocco[edit]

  1. July 10, 1971 failed coup attempt by M'hamed Ababou and Mohamed Medbouh against Hassan II of Morocco
  2. August 16, 1972 failed coup by Mohamed Oufkir against Hassan II of Morocco

Myanmar (Burma)[edit]

  1. In October, 1958 a split within the AFPFL threatened to provoke a coup from field officers. In order to settle the situation U Nu invited the military to form caretaker government. In 1958–60, the caretaker government under General Ne Win was formed. The caretaker government initially appeared to be interested in building state capacity. It reduced corruption, improved bureaucratic efficiency, and managed to deal with the pocket armies.[42]
  2. March 1, 1962: Ne Win overthrows U Nu[43]
  3. September 18, 1988: Saw Maung overthrows Maung Maung Kha[44]
  4. February 1, 2021: Min Aung Hlaing attempts to overthrow Aung San Suu Kyi[45][46]

Netherlands[edit]

  1. Jan 22, 1798: Uitvoerend Bewind against the National Assembly of the Batavian Republic
  2. Jun 12, 1798: Herman Willem Daendels against Pieter Vreede
  3. Sep 19, 1801: Napoleon Bonaparte against Uitvoerend Bewind
  4. Nov 9–14 1918: a failed coup attempt by Troelstra against the Dutch government

Nicaragua[edit]

  1. 1856 under William Walker
  2. 1947 by Anastasio Somoza García for Benjamín Lacayo Sacasa against Leonardo Argüello Barreto

Niger[edit]

  1. April 15, 1974: Seyni Kountché overthrows Hamani Diori.
  2. January 27, 1996: Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara overthrows Mahamane Ousmane.
  3. April 9, 1999: Daouda Malam Wanké overthrows Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara.
  4. February 18, 2010: Salou Djibo overthrows Mamadou Tandja.

Nigeria[edit]

  1. January 15–16, 1966: Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu overthrows Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
  2. July 29, 1966: Yakubu Gowon overthrows Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi
  3. July 29, 1975: Murtala Mohammed overthrows Yakubu Gowon
  4. February 13, 1976: Buka Suka Dimka led a failed coup that resulted the death of the head of state Murtala Mohammed
  5. December 31, 1983: Muhammadu Buhari overthrows Shehu Shagari
  6. August 27, 1985: Ibrahim Babangida overthrows Muhammadu Buhari
  7. April 22, 1990: Gideon Orkar failed to topple president Ibrahim Babangida
  8. November 17, 1993: Sani Abacha overthrows Ernest Shonekan

Norway[edit]

  1. 1537: Christian III of Denmark overthrew Regent Christopher, Count of Oldenburg and the Rigsraad, leading to the Count's Feud and the Norwegian Reformation.
  2. April 9, 1940: Vidkun Quisling announced a fascist government by radio broadcast in an attempt to overthrow the legally elected Labour government of Johan Nygaardsvold while Nazi Germany invaded the country; his coup was rejected as illegitimate by King Haakon VII and Quisling would hold little power during the Nazi occupation.

Oman[edit]

  1. July 23, 1970: Qaboos bin Said overthrew his father Said bin Taimur during the Dhofar Rebellion.

Panama[edit]

  1. 1931 by Arnulfo Arias Madrid and Harmodio Arias Madrid against Florencio Harmodio Arosemena
  2. 1941 by Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango against Arnulfo Arias Madrid
  3. 1951 by Colonel José Antonio Remón Cantera against Arnulfo Arias Madrid
  4. 1968 by Omar Torrijos against President Arnulfo Arias Madrid
  5. 1989 coup attempt; Moises Giroldi attempted to overthrow President Manuel Antonio Noriega to prevent the U.S. invasion of Panama.

Pakistan[edit]

  1. March 9, 1951: Major General Akbar Khan against the Muslim League government of Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan in protest of the government's acceptance of a ceasefire in the First Indo-Pakistani War. This was the first attempted military coup in Pakistan's history.
  2. October 27, 1958: Field Marshal Ayub Khan overthrows Iskander Mirza in response to his suspension of the Pakistani Constitution and declaration of martial law.
  3. March 25, 1969 by General Yahya Khan, Ayub Khan resigned.
  4. July 4, 1977: General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and the Pakistan National Alliance overthrow Zulfikar Ali Bhutto after a contested general election.
  5. 1995: A group of Pakistani Armed Forces officers led by Zahirul Islam Abbasi plot to overthrow the Pakistan Peoples Party government of Benazir Bhutto
  6. October 12, 1999: General Pervez Musharraf overthrows the PML-N government Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and suspends the writ of the Constitution due to Sharif's intent to relieve him as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Paraguay[edit]

  1. September 4, 1880: Bernardino Caballero is appointed as interim president by the Congress after the death of the president Cándido Bareiro, and forced resignation by a coup of vice president Adolfo Saguier.
  2. June 9, 1894: Juan Bautista Egusquiza overthrows Juan Gualberto González. Marcos Morínigo is appointed as interim president by the Congress.
  3. January 9, 1902: Bernardino Caballero overthrows Emilio Aceval. Andrés Héctor Carvallo is appointed as interim president by the Congress.
  4. December 19, 1904: Juan Antonio Escurra is deposed. Juan Bautista Gaona is appointed as interim president by the Congress.
  5. December 9, 1905: Juan Bautista Gaona is deposed. Cecilio Báez is appointed as interim president by the Congress.
  6. July 4, 1908: Benigno Ferreira is deposed.
  7. January 17, 1911: Albino Jara overthrows Manuel Gondra.
  8. January 14, 1912: Marcos Caballero Codas, Mario Uscher and Alfredo Aponte overthrow Liberato Marcial Rojas.
  9. February 28, 1912: Liberato Marcial Rojas is deposed. Pedro Pablo Peña is appointed as interim president by the Congress.
  10. March 22, 1912: Pedro Pablo Peña is deposed. Emiliano González Navero is appointed as interim president by the Congress.
  11. February 17, 1936: Rafael Franco overthrows Eusebio Ayala.
  12. August 13, 1937: Félix Paiva overthrows Rafael Franco.
  13. February 18, 1940: Self-coup by José Félix Estigarribia.
  14. June 3, 1948: Higinio Morínigo is deposed. Juan Manuel Frutos is appointed as interim president by the Congress.
  15. January 30, 1949: Juan Natalicio González is deposed. Raimundo Rolón is appointed as interim president by the Congress.
  16. February 26, 1949: Felipe Molas López overthrows Raimundo Rolón.
  17. September 11, 1949: Felipe Molas López is deposed. Federico Chaves is appointed as interim president by the Congress.
  18. May 4, 1954: Alfredo Stroessner overthrows Federico Chaves. Tomás Romero Pereira is appointed as interim president by the Congress.
  19. February 3, 1989: Andrés Rodríguez and the Paraguayan Army overthrow Alfredo Stroessner.

Peru[edit]

  1. 1914 under Óscar Benavides
  2. 1919 under Augusto B. Leguía y Salcedo
  3. 1930 under Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro
  4. 1948 under Manuel A. Odría
  5. 1962 under Ricardo Pérez Godoy against Manuel Prado Ugarteche
  6. 1968 under Juan Velasco Alvarado against president Fernando Belaúnde Terry
  7. 1992 under Alberto Fujimori (self-coup)

Philippines[edit]

From the 1565 Spanish conquest until 1898, there were than 20 failed Philippine revolts against Spain, including the Chinese revolts (1603, 1662), Dagohoy rebellion (1744–1825), Silang rebellion (1762–63), Pule revolt (1840–41), all crushed by the Spanish colonial government. Most of these were due to redress personal grievances (land use, unjust taxation, forced labor) and were not aimed to overthrow the government in Manila. The following list does show which plots did aim to overthrow the national government.

  1. 1587–1588: Failed Tondo Conspiracy, crushed by the Spanish colonial government
  2. 11 October 1719: Successful overthrow and assassination of Governor-General Fernando Manuel de Bustillo Bustamante y Rueda by supporters of Manila Archbishop Francisco de la Cuesta
  3. 1 June 1823: Failed revolt by Andrés Novales and Creole members of the Spanish Army crushed by the Spanish colonial government
  4. 1828: Failed Palmero Conspiracy, thwarted by the Spanish colonial government
  5. 20 January 1872: Failed Cavite mutiny, crushed by the Spanish colonial government
  6. 5 December 1896: Failed Manila mutiny, crushed by the Spanish colonial government
  7. 1896–98: Philippine Revolution, a war of independence against Spanish rule directed by the Katipunan society.[47] Ended with defeat of the Spanish by the Americans in the Battle of Manila Bay and the Spanish cession of the Spanish East Indies.
  8. 1899–1901: Philippine–American War, against the United States after the Spanish cession of the Spanish East Indies, ended with the surrender of the Filipinos
  9. 2 May 1935: Failed Sakdalista Rebellion against United States, crushed by the American colonial government.
  10. 1942–1954: Failed Hukbalahap Rebellion against Japan and later the government of the Philippines, ended with the surrender of the Huks.
  11. 21 May 1967: Failed overthrow by Lapiang Malaya attempted to overthrow President Ferdinand Marcos, ended with government forces killing and arresting the participants.
  12. 1969–present: Communist rebellion in the Philippines, currently ongoing.
  13. 26 January–17 March 1970: First Quarter Storm, massive protests against Ferdinand Marcos.
  14. 21 September 1972: Self-coup of Ferdinand Marcos by declaring martial law.
  15. 22–25 February 1986: Successful People Power Revolution, civilian-backed military coup led by Juan Ponce Enrile and Fidel V. Ramos overthrew Marcos as president.
  16. 6–8 July 1986: Failed coup attempt, known as the Manila Hotel plot, in the Philippines led by 490 armed soldiers and 15,000 civilians loyal to former President Ferdinand Marcos, crushed by the Philippine government.
  17. 11 November 1986: Failed coup attempt, known as the "God Save the Queen" Plot, in the Philippines led by Juan Ponce Enrile.
  18. 27–29 January 1987: Failed coup attempt, known as the GMA-7 incident, in the Philippines led by Colonel Oscar Canlas.
  19. 18 April 1987: Failed coup attempt, known as the Black Saturday incident.
  20. July 1987: Alleged coup attempt, known as the MIA plot, ended with four officers being sued in military court.
  21. 28–29 August 1987: Failed coup attempt, known as the August 1987 Coup, in the Philippines led by Col. Gregorio Honasan.
  22. 1–9 December 1989: December 1989 coup attempt, failed coup attempt led by Col. Gregorio Honasan.
  23. 4 March 1990: Hotel Delfino siege, government troops under Brigadier General Oscar Florendo fought against rebel forces led by suspended Cagayan Governor Rodolfo "Agi" Aguinaldo, crushed by the Philippine government
  24. 4–6 October 1990: Failed mutiny as the Mindanao crisis, mutinying soldiers staged a dawn raid on an army base in Mindanao, defeated by the government.
  25. 17–20 January 2001: Successful Second EDSA Revolution: A four-day political protest were held in EDSA, that peacefully overthrew the government of President Joseph Estrada[48]
  26. 25 April–1 May 2001: Failed EDSA III: A seven-day political protest were held also in EDSA, in a failed attempt to bring back Joseph Estrada to power.
  27. 27 July 2003: Failed Oakwood mutiny, failed coup attempt with mutinous soldiers surrendering after taking over the Oakwood condominiums in the Makati Central Business District.
  28. 24 February 2006: State of emergency to forestall alleged coup against the government
  29. 29 November 2007: Failed Manila Peninsula siege, mutinous soldiers occupied The Peninsula Manila Hotel, later surrendered to the government.

Alleged plots that haven't been attempted yet:

  1. 2018–Present: Allegations of ouster plot against President Rodrigo Duterte was first publicized by the military, who mainly implicated the opposition figures and the critics of the Duterte administration of involvement in the plot.

Attempts to wrest control of a chamber of Congress, while are plots, are not coups because it doesn't fit the definition of "removal of an existing government from power" as the head of state and government are not at stake (The Philippines uses the presidential system of government with separation of powers). There had been several instances of this, the latest of which were in 2020 in the House of Representatives and in 2018 in the Senate. One example was in March–April 1952 when the Senate presidency was changed three times.

Poland[edit]

  1. 1919 Polish coup attempt: National Democratic attempt led by Marian Januszajtis-Żegota and Prince Eustachy Sapieha to overthrow Jędrzej Moraczewski and Józef Piłsudski's left-wing government
  2. May 1926: Józef Piłsudski overthrew the Chjeno-Piast government of President Stanisław Wojciechowski and Prime Minister Wincenty Witos, appointing Kazimierz Bartel as the new Prime Minister and beginning the Sanation regime.
  3. December 13, 1981: General Wojciech Jaruzelski declares martial law and bans the Solidarity union, forming the Military Council of National Salvation

Portugal[edit]

  1. 147–139 BC: The Lusitanian Rebellion against the Roman forces in modern-day Portugal, led by Lusitanian leader named Viriatus.[citation needed]
  2. 1820: Liberal Revolution
  3. 1824: April Revolt
  4. 1846: Revolution of Maria da Fonte[citation needed]
  5. 1910: A republican coup d'état deposes King Manuel II of Portugal and establishes the Portuguese First Republic.
  6. 1915: May 14 Revolt overthrows Pimenta de Castro's government
  7. 1917: December 1917 coup d'état leads to Sidónio Pais' dictatorship
  8. 1925: failed Military coup the Generals on 18 April 1925
  9. 1925: failed Revolt Mendes Cabecadas on 19 July 1925
  10. 1926: General Manuel Gomes da Costa and the Portuguese Armed Forces overthrows the First Portuguese Republic, establishing the Ditadura Nacional.
  11. 1974: The Movimento das Forças Armadas overthrows the Estado Novo military dictatorship led by President Américo Tomás, founding the National Salvation Junta.
  12. 1975: Failed coup after the Carnation Revolution by far-left militants who hoped to establish a Communist government in Portugal.

Romania[edit]

  1. 1866 by the "monstrous coalition" of Liberals and Conservatives against prince Alexander John Cuza
  2. 1938: King Carol II of Romania against Corneliu Zelea Codreanu and the Iron Guard
  3. 1940: Horia Sima and Ion Antonescu overthrow Carol II of Romania and create the National Legionary State.
  4. 1941: The Iron Guard unsuccessfully revolts against Ion Antonescu, leading to the suppression of the Iron Guard and a major pogrom in Bucharest.
  5. 1944: King Michael I of Romania and Constantin Sănătescu remove Ion Antonescu's government from power due to the Soviet invasion of Romania.
  6. 1947: Prime Minister Petru Groza forces King Michael I to abdicate, forming the Socialist Republic of Romania.
  7. 1989 – Romanian revolution: Ion Iliescu and his National Salvation Front overthrow Nicolae Ceasescu alongside a series of civil unrest and uprisings, ending the Romanian Communist Party's rule.

Russia[edit]

  1. March 15, 1917: Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is forced to abdicate in favor of the Russian Provisional Government, ending the Russian Empire and the Romanov dynasty.
  2. September 1917: Lavr Kornilov attempts to march into Petrograd, dissolve the Petrograd Soviet, and possibly establish a military dictatorship after being appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Army by Alexander Kerensky. The coup failed because of a lack of support and mass resistance, but it eroded the Provisional Government's legitimacy and revived the Bolsheviks.
  3. November 7, 1917: The Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party led by Vladimir Lenin overthrows the Russian Provisional Government and forms the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, leading to the Russian Civil War and the formation of the Soviet Union.
  4. August 19 to 21, 1991: A group of Soviet Communist Party hardliners form the State Committee on the State of Emergency and attempt to overthrow President Mikhail Gorbachev in order to reverse his reforms; the coup is suppressed by RSFSR President Boris Yeltsin, weakening the Communist Party's authority and accelerating the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
  5. September 21 to October 4, 1993: Russian President Boris Yeltsin, aided by the Russian Armed Forces, extralegally dissolves the Supreme Soviet and suspends the constitution in response to impeachment proceedings against him.

Rwanda[edit]

  1. July 5, 1973: Juvénal Habyarimana overthrows Grégoire Kayibanda

São Tomé and Príncipe[edit]

  1. August 15, 1995: Manuel Quintas de Almeida overthrows Miguel Trovoada for 6 days
  2. July 16, 2003: Fernando Pereira (major) overthrows Fradique de Menezes for 7 days

Saudi Arabia[edit]

  1. 1969 Saudi Arabian coup d'état attempt: Members of the Royal Saudi Air Force inspired by the Free Officers Movement in Libya attempted to overthrow King Faisal.

Scotland[edit]

  1. 1688: The Glorious Revolution: William III of Orange's invasion of England and Scotland at the invitation of the country's powerful Protestants, deposing the Catholic James II of England and VII of Scotland

Serbia[edit]

  1. 1804–1813: First Serbian Uprising
  2. mid–September – 1814: Hadži Prodan's Revolt
  3. 28 September 1883: Timok Rebellion
  4. May 28–29, 1903: May Coup
  5. 1917: Toplica Uprising

Seychelles[edit]

  1. June 5, 1977: France-Albert René overthrows James Mancham

Sierra Leone[edit]

  1. March 21, 1967: David Lansana overthrows Siaka Stevens
  2. April 19, 1968: John Amadu Bangura overthrows Andrew Juxon-Smith
  3. April 29, 1992: Valentine Strasser overthrows Joseph Saidu Momoh
  4. January 16, 1996: Julius Maada Bio overthrows Valentine Strasser
  5. May 25, 1997: Johnny Paul Koroma overthrows Ahmed Tejan Kabbah

Solomon Islands[edit]

  1. 2000 by the Malaita Eagle Force

Somalia[edit]

  1. October 21, 1969: Muhammad Siad Barre overthrows Sheikh Mukhtar Mohamed Hussein
  2. January 26, 1991: Mohammed Farrah Aidid and the United Somali Congress overthrow Muhammad Siad Barre, beginning the Somali Civil War.

Spain[edit]

  1. 603 by General Witerico against king Liuva II
  2. 631 by Duke Sisenando against king Suintila
  3. 642: Tulga was overthrown by Chindasvinto
  4. 692: Égica was briefly overthrown by Suniefredo
  5. 1814: Absolutist pronunciamiento of Fernando VII and Francisco Javier de Elío
  6. 1815: failed liberal pronunciamiento of Juan Díaz Porlier at A Coruña
  7. 1820: successful liberal pronunciamiento of Rafael del Riego, start of the Trienio Liberal
  8. 1822: failed absolutist coup by the Royal Guard of Fernando VII
  9. 1831: failed liberal pronunciamiento of Manuel de Torrijos
  10. 1835: liberal pronunciamiento of Cordero y de Quesada
  11. 1836: successful liberal mutiny of La Granja de San Ildefonso
  12. 1841: failed Moderate pronunciamiento
  13. 1843: successful Moderate pronunciamiento of Narváez and Francisco Serrano y Domínguez, end of the Baldomero Espartero regency
  14. 1844: failed liberal and Esparterist coup, led by Martín Zurbano
  15. 1846: failed progressive liberal military and civic revolt in Galicia, led by Miguel Solís Cuetos
  16. 1848: failed progressive liberal military and civic revolt in Madrid, led by colonel Manuel Buceta
  17. 1854: successful revolutionary coup in Madrid, led by general Leopoldo O'Donnell
  18. 1860: failed carlist military uprising at Sant Carles de la Ràpita, led by general Jaime Ortega y Olleta
  19. 1866: failed Progressive and Democrat coup in Madrid
  20. 1866: failed pronunciamiento of Villarejo de Salvanés, led by general Juan Prim
  21. 1868: successful Glorious Revolution, started by the pronunciamiento of Juan Bautista Topete in Cádiz
  22. 1874: successful coup of Manuel Pavía y Rodríguez de Alburquerque
  23. 1874: successful "Pronunciamiento de Sagunto", that ends the Spanish First Republic and restores monarchy and the Borbón family at the throne
  24. 1883: failed 5 August republican pronunciamiento in Badajoz
  25. 1886: failed republican coup in Madrid, led by Manuel Villacampa del Castillo and Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla
  26. 1923: Spanish Army regiments led by Miguel Primo de Rivera overthrew Prime Minister Manuel García Prieto and established a dictatorship with the support of King Alfonso XIII.
  27. 1926: failed "Sanjuanada", a coup against the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera
  28. 1929: failed coup against the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera, led by José Sánchez-Guerra y Martínez
  29. 1930: Jaca uprising: Fermín Galán led a failed republican pronunciamiento against the Spanish monarchy in Jaca.
  30. August 10, 1932; José Sanjurjo unsuccessfully tried to overthrow Prime Minister Manuel Azaña's Republican Left government, although the coup plotters were in disagreement over whether to next dissolve the Second Spanish Republic.
  31. July 1936: A military uprising lead by Emilio Mola in which Francisco Franco participated, against Prime Minister Manuel Azaña and the Second Spanish Republic, starting the Spanish Civil War
  32. 1939: Segismundo Casado and Julián Besteiro overthrow the PSOE government of Juan Negrín in Republican-controlled Spain in order to negotiate a ceasefire with the Nationalists, forming the National Defense Council.
  33. November 17, 1978: An aborted Guardia Civil coup led by Antonio Tejero to stop the Spanish transition to democracy.
  34. February 23, 1981: A faction of the Spanish Armed Forces led by Tejero broke into the Congress of Deputies while they were preparing to elect Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo as the new Prime Minister. King Juan Carlos denounced the coup in a nationally televised address, and the coup collapsed the next day with no casualties.
  35. October 27, 1982: A group of far-right colonels failed to overthrow Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo.
  36. June 2, 1985: a group of far-right soldiers and officers (along with some civilians) planned to take power following a false flag attack, but the conspiracy was later aborted.[citation needed]

Sudan[edit]

  1. November 16, 1958: Ibrahim Abboud overthrows Abdallah Khalil
  2. 1964: The October Revolution in Sudan, driven by a general strike and rioting, forced President Ibrahim Abboud to transfer executive power to a transitional civilian government, and eventually to resign.
  3. May 25, 1969: Gaafar al-Nimeiry overthrows Ismail al-Azhari
  4. July 19–22, 1971: Communist members of the National Revolutionary Command Council led by Hashem al Atta attempted to overthrow al-Nimeiry but failed due to a lack of support.
  5. 2 February 1977: Failed coup attempt in Juba by former members of the Anyanya in the Sudanese Air Force
  6. April 6, 1985: Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab overthrows Gaafar al-Nimeiry, establishing the Transitional Military Council.
  7. June 30, 1989: Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir and the National Islamic Front overthrows President Ahmed al-Mirghani and Prime Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi, creating the Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation
  8. 10 April 2019: The Sudanese Armed Forces led by Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf overthrow Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir during the Sudanese Revolution

Suriname[edit]

  1. February 25, 1980: military coup led by Dési Bouterse ousts Prime Minister Henck Arron.
  2. August 13, 1980: the military led by Dési Bouterse ousts President Johan Ferrier.
  3. December 24, 1990: President Ramsewak Shankar dismissed by Suriname's military.

Switzerland[edit]

  1. 1717: Wilchingen against the City of Schaffhausen[citation needed]
  2. 1719: Werdenberg against Glarus[citation needed]
  3. 1723: Military led by Major Abraham Davel (Vaud) against City of Bern[citation needed]
  4. 1726: Peasants of Jura against Bistum of Basel[citation needed]
  5. 1755: Leventina (Ticino) against Canton Uri[citation needed]
  6. 1781: Chenaux (Fribourg) against Canton Fribourg[citation needed]
  7. 1797: Peasants of Baselgebiet against the City of Basel and ousted Peter Ochs and Peter Vischer[citation needed]
  8. January 8, 1800: Republicans (Hans Konrad Escher, Paul Usteri, Albrecht Rengger, Bernhard Friedrich Kuhn.) ousting the Patriots ( Karl Albrecht von Frisching, Karl von Müller-Friedberg und Carl Heinrich Gschwend)
  9. August 7, 1800: Patriots ousting the Republicans
  10. October, 27/28 1801: Federalist (Alois Reding & Johann Rudolf von Frisching) with help of the French Raymond Verninac ousting Unitarier and Patriots
  11. April 17, 1802: Unitarier under the Lead of Bernhard Friedrich Kuhns ousting the Federalist Alois Reding
  12. September 6, 1839: Züriputsch: Radical Movement under the lead of Conrad Melchior Hirzel & Fridrich Ludwig Keller ousting the Liberals. Killing of Johannes Hegtschweiler.

Sweden[edit]

  1. 1569: The 1569 plot against John III of Sweden.
  2. 1574: Mornay Plot against John III of Sweden
  3. 1756: Coup of 1756 of queen Louisa Ulrika the Riksdag of the Estates
  4. 1772: Revolution of 1772; Gustav III of Sweden dismissed the Riksdag of the Estates, ending the Age of Liberty
  5. 1789: 1789 Conspiracy of Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp against Gustav III of Sweden.
  6. 1793: Armfelt Conspiracy by Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt, in companionship with Magdalena Rudenschöld, with the intent to depose the guardian government of Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden, is exposed.
  7. 1809: Coup of 1809; a number of noblemen in the Swedish Army overthrew King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden after the Finnish War

Syria[edit]

  1. 1925–1927: The Great Syrian Revolt, a revolt initiated by the Druze and led by Sultan al-Atrash against French Mandate.[citation needed]
  2. March 29, 1949 by Husni al-Za'im against Shukri al-Quwatli
  3. August 14, 1949 by Sami al-Hinnawi against Husni al-Za'im
  4. December 3, 1951 by Adib Shishakli against Hashim al-Atassi
  5. February 25, 1954 by Maamun al-Kuzbari against Adib Shishakli
  6. September 29, 1961 by Haydar al-Kuzbari and others against Gamal Abdel Nasser
  7. March 8, 1963: Lu'ayy al-Atasi and the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region overthrow the Second Syrian Republic under Nazim al-Kudsi
  8. February 21–23, 1966: Salah Jadid overthrows Amin Hafiz and the Ba'ath National Command, leading to a split in the Ba'ath Party.
  9. November 13, 1970: Hafez al-Assad overthrows Salah Jadid

Thailand[edit]

The number of coups in Thailand—whether successful or unsuccessful— is uncertain, leading one academic to call for a concerted effort to make a definitive list.[49] According to Paul Chambers, a professor at Chiang Mai University's Institute for South-East Asian Affairs, there have been almost 30 coup attempts in Thailand (whether successful or unsuccessful) since 1912. Some count 11 coups since 1932.[50] Others claim there were 13 since 1932.[51]

  1. 1912: Coup planned by military officers is discovered and thwarted.
  2. 24 June 1932: The Khana Ratsadon party overthrows the absolute monarchy of King Prajadhipok.[52]
  3. 20 June 1933: Phraya Phahon Phonphayuhasena overthrows Phraya Manopakorn Nititada.[52]
  4. 11–23 October 1933: Royalist rebellion to overturn the results of the June 1933 coup d'état.
  5. 3 August 1935: The Nai Sip rebellion.[53]
  6. 29 January 1939: More a purge or internal coup, it was the work of Prime Minister Phibul to remove political enemies and rivals.[53]
  7. 7 November 1947: Phin Choonhavan overthrows Thawal Thamrong Navaswadhi.[52]
  8. Thai 1949 Coup: Attempted coup by Pridi, which saw the Grand Palace occupied by his supporters, failed.[53]
  9. 29 June 1951: Pridi supporters in the navy attempted a coup when they tried to seize Phibun.[53]
  10. 29 November 1951: Military overthrows 1949 constitution and reverts to 1932 constitution.[52]
  11. 21 September 1957: Sarit Thanarat overthrows Plaek Pibulsongkram[52]
  12. 20 October 1958: Self-coup of Sarit Thanarat[52]
  13. 18 November 1971: Self-coup of Thanom Kittikachorn[52]
  14. February 1976: An attempted military coup was defeated in February.[53]
  15. 6 October 1976: Sangad Chaloryu overthrows Seni Pramoj[52]
  16. 20 October 1977: Kriangsak Chamanan overthrows Thanin Kraivichien[52]
  17. 1981: A coup led by the deputy commander-in-chief of the army failed when forces loyal to the government suppressed the revolt. The "Young Turk" group of officers who staged the coup were dismissed from the army.[53]
  18. 1985: A coup attempt by Col. Manoonkrit Roopkachorn, a member of the Young Turks, failed and a number of senior officers were later arrested.[53]
  19. 24 February 1991: Sunthorn Kongsompong overthrows Chatichai Choonhavan[52]
  20. 19 September 2006: Sonthi Boonyaratglin overthrows Thaksin Shinawatra[52]
  21. 22 May 2014: Prayut Chan-o-cha overthrows Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan[52]

Togo[edit]

  1. January 13, 1963: Étienne Eyadéma and Emmanuel Bodjollé overthrow Sylvanus Olympio
  2. January 13, 1967: Étienne Eyadéma and Kléber Dadjo overthrow Nicolas Grunitzky

Transkei[edit]

  1. December 30, 1987: Bantu Holomisa overthrows Stella Sigcau.

Tunisia[edit]

  1. July 15, 1957: Habib Bourguiba overthrows King Muhammad VIII al-Amin
  2. November 7, 1987: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali overthrows Habib Bourguiba

Tuva[edit]

  1. January, 1929: Pro-Soviet, anti-Buddhist faction of the Tuvan People's Revolutionary Party overthrows the government of the Tuvan People's Republic, in modern Tuva.

Turkey[edit]

  1. 1807-08: The Janissaries led by Kabakçı Mustafa overthrew Sultan Selim III to halt his Nizam-I Cedid reforms after the 1806 Edirne incident, disbanding his new military and replacing him with Mustafa IV. However, rebels led by Mustafa Bayrakdar overthrew the Janissary regime and placed Mahmud II on the throne.
  2. May 15, 1826: The Janissaries revolted and attempted to overthrow Sultan Mahmud II in opposition to his military modernizations, but he had the Sipahis force them back to their barracks and permanently disbanded them.
  3. May 30, 1876 [tr]: Due to the public discontent caused by crop failures, public debt and excessive spending, 32nd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Abdulaziz was deposed by his ministers on 30 May 1876 and found dead several days later, which was attributed to suicide. He was replaced by Murad V.[54]
  4. 1909: Islamist factions in the Ottoman Army attempted to overthrow the new Ottoman General Assembly and restore Sultan Abdülhamit II to absolute rule, capturing control of Constantinople for 11 days. Ended with its suppression by Mahmud Shevket Pasha's Third Army in the 31 March Incident, forcing the Sultan to abdicate.
  5. 1912: The "Saviour Officers" of the opposition Freedom and Accord Party overthrow the Committee of Union and Progress after the rigged 1912 general election.
  6. January 23, 1913: The Committee of Union and Progress overthrows Grand Vizier Kâmil Pasha after the First Balkan War, leading to the rule of the "Three Pashas" in the Ottoman Empire.
  7. May 27, 1960: A group of mid ranking Turkish Armed Forces officers, later called the National Unity Committee, overthrows the Democrat Party government led by Prime Minister Adnan Menderes
  8. February 22, 1962: A failed coup attempt led by Colonel Talat Aydemir due to the discontent by the election results on July 9, 1961.
  9. May 20, 1963: A second failed coup attempt led by officers loyal to Colonel Talat Aydemir who was retired after the previous coup attempt. The plotters were motivated by the purges of army officers that took part on May 27, 1960 coup. Ismet Inonu's government prevented the coup. Colonel Talat Aydemir, who was granted amnesty for the previous attempt, was executed.
  10. March 9, 1971: A coup attempt by leftist army officers was thwarted.
  11. March 12, 1971 under four force commanders of the Turkish Armed Forces overthrows Süleyman Demirel
  12. September 12, 1980: Chief of the General Staff Kenan Evren overthrows the government led by Prime Minister Süleyman Demirel in response to widespread political violence.
  13. February 28, 1997: the General Staff issues a memorandum demanding the reversal of several policies of the Islamist government of Necmettin Erbakan, precipitating its collapse. Due to the lack of an overt military takeover, the event is popularly known as the "postmodern coup" (Turkish: Post-modern darbe).
  14. April 27, 2007: Amidst a political deadlock concerning ongoing presidential elections, the General Staff issues a statement, later called E-memorandum, about the presidential election understood to be a criticism of the ruling Justice and Development Party's candidate, Abdullah Gül. The crisis was resolved by an early election held later that year, which resulted in Gul's winning the presidency in a landslide.
  15. July 15, 2016: A group within the Turkish military linked by the Turkish government to the Gulen movement, the Peace at Home Council, made a failed military attempt to overthrow the government of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.[55]

Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

  1. July 27 – August 1, 1990: Failed coup attempt by Islamist Jamaat al Muslimeen organization led by Yasin Abu Bakr against Prime Minister A. N. R. Robinson

Uganda[edit]

  1. February 1966: Milton Obote overthrows King Mutesa II of Buganda
  2. January 21, 1971: Idi Amin overthrows Milton Obote
  3. May 12, 1980: Paulo Muwanga overthrows Godfrey Binaisa
  4. July 27, 1985: Tito Okello Lutwa overthrows Milton Obote
  5. January 26, 1986: Yoweri Museveni overthrows Tito Okello Lutwa[citation needed]

Ukraine[edit]

  1. April 29, 1918: Pavlo Skoropadskyi overthrows the socialist government of the Central Council of Ukraine
  2. December 14, 1918: Directorate of Ukraine overthrows Pavlo Skoropadskyi

United Kingdom[edit]

  1. 1802: Despard Plot; plan by Edward Despard to assassinate King George III and stage a popular uprising in London; suppressed by the government.
  2. 1820 Cato Street Conspiracy to murder Prime Minister Lord Liverpool and his cabinet; intercepted and suppressed in the planning stages
  3. 1968/1974 Harold Wilson conspiracies: Several British politicians, including Prime Minister Harold Wilson himself, theorized that Conservative elements in MI5 and the British Armed Forces were plotting to overthrow his Labour government.

United States[edit]

  1. Revolution of 1719 in colonial South Carolina; successfully overthrew the Lords Proprietors
  2. September 26, 1777: Loyalists called the Queen's American Rangers participated in the Battle of Brandywine and the Capture of Philadelphia (U.S. capital)[56]
  3. March 1783: Newburgh Conspiracy in which the Continental Army may have planned to overthrow the Confederation Congress; failed after Gen. George Washington refused to join
  4. August 29, 1786: Shays' Rebellion. In 1787, Shays' rebels marched on the federal Springfield Armory in an unsuccessful attempt to seize its weaponry and overthrow the government. The federal government found itself unable to finance troops to put down the rebellion, and it was consequently put down by the Massachusetts State militia and a privately funded local militia. The widely held view was that the Articles of Confederation needed to be reformed as the country's governing document, and the events of the rebellion served as a catalyst for the Constitutional Convention and the creation of the new government.[57]
  5. August 24, 1814: The Corps of colonial marines was a battalion of freed African Americans that joined the British Army and participated in the Burning of Washington (U.S. Capital)[58]
  6. 1841–42: Dorr Rebellion, an attempt to force a new government of Rhode Island under a different constitution
  7. April 15, 1874: Failed gubernatorial candidate Joseph Brooks launched a coup against Arkansas governor Elisha Baxter, setting off a violent struggle between the state's two Republican Party leaders.
  8. September 14, 1874: Battle of Liberty Place; attempted overthrow of the government of Louisiana by the White League in New Orleans, suppressed by the 22nd Infantry Regiment under the Insurrection Act of 1807
  9. November 3, 1874: Election riot of 1874; An Alabama chapter of the White League invaded Eufaula, Alabama, killing at least seven black voters and wounding 70, while driving away more than 1,000 unarmed black people at the polls. The League stormed the polling place in Spring Hill, destroyed the ballot box, declared the Democratic candidates victorious, forced Republican politicians out of office, and seized every county office in Barbour County
  10. The Overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom began on January 17, 1893, with a coup d'état against Queen Liliʻuokalani on the island of Oahu by subjects of the Hawaiian Kingdom, United States citizens, and foreign residents residing in Honolulu. A majority of the insurgents were foreigners.[59] They prevailed upon American minister John L. Stevens to call in the U.S. Marines to protect United States interests, an action that effectively buttressed the rebellion. The revolutionaries established the Republic of Hawaii, but their ultimate goal was the annexation of the islands to the United States, which occurred in 1898.
  11. The 1895 Wilcox rebellion[note 1] was a brief war from January 6 to January 9, 1895, that consisted of three battles on the island of Oʻahu, Republic of Hawaii. It was the last major military operation by royalists who opposed the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii.
  12. November 10, 1898: The Wilmington Insurrection of 1898: white-supremacist Southern Democrats successfully overthrew the biracial Fusionist ruling coalition of Wilmington, North Carolina
  13. 1933: Business Plot: an alleged far-right plot to overthrow President Franklin D. Roosevelt and establish a fascist military dictatorship

Uruguay[edit]

  1. February 10, 1898: Self-coup by Juan Lindolfo Cuestas.
  2. March 31, 1933: Self-coup by Gabriel Terra.
  3. February 21, 1942: Self-coup by Alfredo Baldomir.
  4. June 27, 1973: Juan María Bordaberry closed parliament and established a civic-military dictatorship[60]

Venda[edit]

  1. Apr 5, 1990: Gabriel Ramushwana overthrows Frank Ravele[61]

Venezuela[edit]

  1. 1835: Military rebels led by Pedro Carujo and Julián Castro briefly overthrows the government of José María Vargas
  2. 1858: An uprising led by Pedro Carujo overthrows the government of José Tadeo Monagas
  3. 1899: Cipriano Castro's army overthrows the government of Ignacio Andrade
  4. 1908: Juan Vicente Gómez declares himself president after Cipriano Castro leaves for Europe to receive medical treatment
  5. 1918: A civic-military conspiracy against the government of Juan Vicente Gómez (planning stages only, failed)[62]
  6. 1928: A civic-military uprising, led by Captain Rafael Alvarado Franco, with the goal of overthrow the dictatorial government of Juan Vicente Gómez[63]
  7. 1945: President Isaías Medina Angarita was overthrown by a rebellion and a popular movement, which saw a transition to a democratic government.
  8. 1948: A military junta, led by Carlos Delgado Chalbaud overthrows the democratically elected president Rómulo Gallegos
  9. 1958: Dictator Marcos Pérez Jiménez was overthrown by a military rebellion and a popular movement, leading to the 1958 Venezuelan general election
  10. 1992: A pair of failed coup attempts against President Carlos Andrés Pérez led by Hugo Chávez and his group MBR-200
  11. 2002: Brief coup against Hugo Chávez led by the country's military high command during a Confederación de Trabajadores de Venezuela (National Federation of Trade Unions) general strike

South Vietnam[edit]

  1. 1960: Lieutenant-Colonel Vương Văn Đông and Colonel Nguyễn Chánh Thi of the Airborne Division of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam failed to depose of President Ngo Dinh Diem.
  2. 1963: General Dương Văn Minh led a group of Army of the Republic of Vietnam officers to oust President Ngo Dinh Diem in response to Ngo's handling of the Buddhist crisis.
  3. January 1964: General Nguyễn Khánh ousted the military junta led by General Dương Văn Minh in a bloodless coup.
  4. September 1964: Generals Lâm Văn Phát and Dương Văn Đức failed to overthrow the ruling military junta led by General Nguyễn Khánh. The attempt collapsed without any casualties.
  5. December 1964: The ruling military junta, led by General Nguyễn Khánh dissolves the High National Council.
  6. 1965: Army units commanded by General Lâm Văn Phát and Colonel Phạm Ngọc Thảo fight to a stalemate with those of the ruling military junta, led by General Nguyễn Khánh. Following this, however, General Nguyễn Cao Kỳ and Air Marshal Nguyễn Chánh Thi (hostile to both the plotters and to Khánh himself) seized power themselves with the backing of the United States. They then forced Khánh into exile.

Yemen[edit]

  1. 1962 under Abdullah al-Sallal
  2. 1974 under Ibrahim al-Hamdi
  3. 2014–2015 a semi-successful coup against President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi led by the Houthis
  4. 2018 Yemeni coup d'état by the Southern Movement

Yugoslavia[edit]

  1. 6 January 1929: Alexander I of Yugoslavia suspends the constitution and introduces a personal dictatorship. (Self-coup)
  2. 1941: by King Peter II of Yugoslavia against Regent Prince Paul of Yugoslavia in reaction for joining the Axis Powers, leading to an Axis invasion.

Zanzibar[edit]

  1. January 12, 1964: John Okello led the coup to overthrow Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah Al Said

Zambia[edit]

  1. July 1, 1990: Mwamba Luchembe unsuccessfully attempted to overthrow President Kenneth Kaunda
  2. October 28, 1997: Steven Lungu failed to overthrow President Frederick Chiluba

Zimbabwe[edit]

  1. 2007 Alleged coup d'état attempt in June 2007
  2. November 14, 2017:A coup resulted in the removal of longtime President Robert Mugabe[64]

See also[edit]

Notelist[edit]

  1. ^ Also known as the second Wilcox rebellion of 1895, the revolution of 1895, the Hawaiian counter-revolution of 1895, the 1895 uprising in Hawaii, the Hawaiian civil war, the 1895 uprising against the provisional government, and the uprising of 1895.

References[edit]

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  3. ^ Page 130 Azerbaijan A Country Study
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  6. ^ "7th November 1975: Conflict between 'isms'". The Daily Star. 20 November 2009. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
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  10. ^ Tharoor, Ishaan (19 January 2012). "Behind Bangladesh's Failed Coup Plot: A History of Violence". Time.
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  12. ^ Page 38 A Political and Economic Dictionary of Latin America
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  40. ^ "BBC News – Libya PM Zeidan's brief kidnap was 'attempted coup'". Bbc.co.uk. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
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  43. ^ Obituary: Ne Win BBC News
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  62. ^ [1] 1918 – Cronología de historia de Venezuela
  63. ^ [2] Insurrección del 7 de abril de 1928
  64. ^ "Zimbabwe's President Mugabe resigns". Bbc.co.uk. 21 November 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2017.

External links[edit]