List of critically endangered birds

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5 extinct in the wild avian species (0.05%)223 critically endangered avian species (2%)460 endangered avian species (4.2%)798 vulnerable avian species (7.2%)1,001 near threatened avian species (9.1%)8,460 least concern avian species (76.9%)52 data deficient avian species (0.4%)Circle frame.svg
Avian species (IUCN, 2020-3)
  • 10,999 extant species have been evaluated
  • 10,947 of those are fully assessed[a]
  • 9,461 are not threatened at present[b]
  • 1,481 to 1,533 are threatened[c]
  • 164 to 183 are extinct or extinct in the wild:
    • 159 extinct (EX) species[d]
    • 5 extinct in the wild (EW)
    • 19 possibly extinct [CR(PE)]

  1. ^ excludes data deficient evaluations.
  2. ^ NT and LC.
  3. ^ Threatened comprises CR, EN and VU. Upper estimate additionally includes DD.
  4. ^ Chart omits extinct (EX) species
Critically Endangered (CR) species face an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.

As of December 2019, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 224 critically endangered avian species, including 19 which are tagged as possibly extinct or possibly extinct in the wild.[1][2] 2% of all evaluated avian species are listed as critically endangered. No subpopulations of birds have been evaluated by the IUCN.

Additionally 55 avian species (0.48% of those evaluated) are listed as data deficient, meaning there is insufficient information for a full assessment of conservation status. As these species typically have small distributions and/or populations, they are intrinsically likely to be threatened, according to the IUCN.[3] While the category of data deficient indicates that no assessment of extinction risk has been made for the taxa, the IUCN notes that it may be appropriate to give them "the same degree of attention as threatened taxa, at least until their status can be assessed."[4]

This is a complete list of critically endangered avian species evaluated by the IUCN. Species considered possibly extinct by the IUCN are marked as such. Where possible common names for taxa are given while links point to the scientific name used by the IUCN.

Procellariiformes[edit]

Includes petrels and albatrosses.

Gruiformes[edit]

("Crane-like")

Parrots[edit]

There are 18 parrot species assessed as critically endangered.

Kakapo species[edit]

Cockatoos[edit]

Psittacids[edit]

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Pelecaniformes[edit]

("Pelican-like")

Galliformes[edit]

Bucerotiformes[edit]

Includes hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes.

Accipitriformes[edit]

Includes most of the diurnal birds of prey.

Anseriformes[edit]

("Goose-like")

Owls[edit]

Charadriiformes[edit]

Coraciiformes[edit]

Includes kingfishers and bee-eaters.

Passerines[edit]

Antbirds[edit]

Ovenbirds[edit]

Monarchs[edit]

Corvids[edit]

Reed-warblers[edit]

White-eyes[edit]

Laughingthrushes and allies[edit]

Thrushes[edit]

Starlings[edit]

True finches[edit]

True tanagers[edit]

Other passeriformes[edit]

Caprimulgiformes[edit]

Apodiformes[edit]

Piciformes[edit]

("Woodpecker-like")

Other bird species[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IUCN Red List version 2020-3". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  2. ^ "Table 9: Possibly Extinct and Possibly Extinct in the Wild Species (IUCN Red List version 2019-3)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  3. ^ "Limitations of the Data". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  4. ^ "2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.