List of critically endangered mammals

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
2 extinct in the wild mammalian species (0.04%)205 critically endangered mammalian species (3.8%)474 endangered mammalian species (8.7%)529 vulnerable mammalian species (9.7%)343 near threatened mammalian species (6.3%)3117 least concern mammalian species (57%)783 data deficient mammalian species (14%)Circle frame.svg
  •   Extinct in the wild (EW): 2 species
  •   Critically endangered (CR): 205 species
  •   Endangered (EN): 474 species
  •   Vulnerable (VU): 529 species
  •   Near threatened (NT): 343 species
  •   Least concern (LC): 3,117 species
  •   Data deficient (DD): 783 species
Mammalian species (IUCN, 2016-2)
  • 5453 extant species have been evaluated
  • 4670 of those are fully assessed[a]
  • 3460 are not threatened at present[b]
  • 1208 to 1991 are threatened[c]
  • 85 to 115 are extinct or extinct in the wild:
    • 83 extinct (EX) species[d]
    • 2 extinct in the wild (EW)
    • 30 possibly extinct [CR(PE)]
    • 0 possibly extinct in the wild [CR(PEW)]

  1. ^ excludes data deficient evaluations.
  2. ^ NT and LC.
  3. ^ Threatened comprises CR, EN and VU. Upper estimate additionally includes DD.
  4. ^ Chart omits extinct (EX) species
Critically Endangered (CR) species face an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.

As of September 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 205 critically endangered mammalian species, including 30 which are tagged as possibly extinct.1 [1][2] 3.7% of all evaluated mammalian species are listed as critically endangered. The IUCN also lists 58 mammalian subspecies as critically endangered.

Of the subpopulations of mammals evaluated by the IUCN, 17 species subpopulations have been assessed as critically endangered.

Additionally 783 mammalian species (14% of those evaluated) are listed as data deficient, meaning there is insufficient information for a full assessment of conservation status. As these species typically have small distributions and/or populations, they are intrinsically likely to be threatened, according to the IUCN.[3] While the category of data deficient indicates that no assessment of extinction risk has been made for the taxa, the IUCN notes that it may be appropriate to give them "the same degree of attention as threatened taxa, at least until their status can be assessed."[4]

This is a complete list of critically endangered mammalian species and subspecies evaluated by the IUCN. Species considered possibly extinct by the IUCN are marked as such. Species and subspecies which have critically endangered subpopulations (or stocks) are indicated. Where possible common names for taxa are given while links point to the scientific name used by the IUCN.

Odd-toed ungulates[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Primates[edit]

There are 63 species and 37 subspecies of primate assessed as critically endangered.

Gibbons[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Great apes[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Lemurs[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Tarsiers[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Old World monkeys[edit]

Species

Subspecies

New World monkeys[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Lorisoidea[edit]

Cetartiodactyls[edit]

Cetartiodactyla includes dolphins, whales and even-toed ungulates. There are 15 species, nine subspecies, and nine subpopulations of cetartiodactyl assessed as critically endangered.

Non-cetacean even-toed ungulates[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Cetaceans[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Subpopulations

Marsupials[edit]

Carnivora[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Subpopulations

Eulipotyphla[edit]

Lagomorpha[edit]

Rabbits and relatives

Rodents[edit]

There are 58 species and one subspecies of rodent assessed as critically endangered.

Hystricomorpha[edit]

("Porcupine-like")

Myomorpha[edit]

There are 37 species in Myomorpha assessed as critically endangered.

Murids[edit]

Includes mice, rats, gerbils, and relatives.

Cricetids[edit]

Includes true hamsters, voles, lemmings, and New World rats and mice.

Nesomyids[edit]

Castorimorpha[edit]

("Beaver-like")

Species

Subspecies

Sciuromorpha[edit]

Bats[edit]

Other mammals[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Subpopulations

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IUCN Red List version 2016-2". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 8 September 2016. 
  2. ^ "Table 9: Possibly Extinct and 1 Possibly Extinct in the Wild Species (IUCN Red List version 2016-2)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 8 September 2016. 
  3. ^ "Limitations of the Data". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  4. ^ "2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.