List of cruise lines
A cruise line is a company that operates cruise ships and markets cruises to the public. Cruise lines are distinct from passenger lines which are primarily concerned with transportation of their passengers. Cruise lines have a dual character; they are partly in the transportation business, and partly in the leisure entertainment business, a duality that carries down into the ships themselves, which have both a crew headed by the ship's captain, and a hospitality staff headed by the equivalent of a hotel manager.
Because of mergers and consolidations, a cruise line may also be a brand of a larger holding corporation. For example, as noted below, Carnival Cruise Line and Holland America Line are cruise lines within the larger parent corporation Carnival Corporation & plc. This industry practice of using the brand, not the larger parent corporation, as the cruise line is also followed in the member cruise lines in Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA); the listing of cruise ship sales, transfers, and new orders; cruise line market share; and the member-based reviews of cruise lines.
Cruise ships can cruise in oceans or rivers. The listing of cruise lines below includes separate lists for both areas. Cruise lines operating ocean and river ships can be found in both lists.
List of ocean cruise lines
Shipping lines no longer operating cruise ships
|Club Cruise||No longer operates cruise ships||Netherlands||Continues to charter cruise ships to other companies|
|Far East Shipping Company||No longer operates cruise ships||Soviet Union|
|Finnlines||No longer operates cruise ships||Finland|
|Kristina Cruises||No ships in operation||Finland||Last cruise ship Kristina Katarina sold in 2013|
|Ocean Star Cruises||No ships in operation||Mexico|
|Silja Line||No longer operates cruise ships||Finland|
List of river cruise lines
|1AVista||Operational||Germany||River cruises in Europe|
|AmaWaterways||Operational||USA||River cruises in Europe, Asia and Africa|
|American Cruise Lines||Operational||USA||Paddle-steamer cruises on US rivers|
|Aqua Expeditions||Operational||Peru||Privately owned (Francesco Galli Zugaro), eco-friendly river cruises on Amazon and Mekong rivers|
|A-ROSA Flussschiff||Operational||Germany||River cruises in Europe, offered ocean-going cruises with A-Rosa blu 2002-04|
|Australian Pacific Touring (APT)||Operational||Australia||Privately owned (McGeary family), river cruises in Europe, Asia and Africa, shares many ships with AmaWaterways|
|Avalon Waterways||Operational||USA||River cruises in Europe, Egypt, Asia and South America|
|CroisiEurope||Operational||France||Privately owned (Schmitter family), river cruises in Europe and Asia|
|Crystal Cruises||Operational||Japan||Owned by Genting Hong Kong, river cruises in Europe|
|Emerald Waterways||Operational||USA||Owned by Australian river cruise operator Scenic, river cruises in Europe and Asia|
|European Waterways||Operational||United Kingdom||Operates converted trading barges on European Rivers|
|Grand Circle Cruise Line||Operational||USA||Owned by Grand Circle Corporation, river cruises in Europe|
|Great Lakes Cruise Company||Operational||USA||Privately owned (Conlin family), Great Lakes and river cruises in USA and Canada|
|Hansa Touristk||Operational||Germany||Privately owned (Kilian family), offers ocean and river cruises (Europe, Asia)|
|Lüftner Cruises||Operational||Austria||Privately owned (Lüftner family), river cruises in Europe|
|nicko cruises||Operational||Germany||Owned by Mystic Invest, river cruises in Europe and Asia|
|Orthodox Cruise Company||Operational||Russia||River cruises in Russia|
|Phoenix Reisen||Operational||Germany||Privately owned (Zurnieden family), river cruises in Europe, Egypt, Asia and South America|
|Plantours Kreuzfahrten||Operational||Germany||Offers ocean and river cruises (Europe, Asia)|
|Reisebüro Mittelthurgau||Operational||Switzerland||Owned by Twerenbold Group, river cruises in Europe|
|Scenic||Operational||Australia||Owned by coach tour operator Transit Scenic Tours, river cruises in Europe and Asia|
|Tauck River Cruises||Operational||USA||Privately owned (Tauck family), river cruises in Europe|
|The River Cruise Line||Operational||United Kingdom||River cruises in Europe|
|Transocean Tours||Operational||Germany||Since 2014 German branch of Cruise & Maritime Voyages, river cruises in Europe|
|Uniworld River Cruises||Operational||USA||River cruises in Europe, Egypt and Asia|
|Viking River Cruises||Operational||USA||Branch of Viking Cruises, river cruises in Europe, Egypt and Asia|
|Vodohod||Operational||Russia||Owned by UCL Holding, river cruises in Russia|
|TUI FlussGenuss||Defunct||Germany||Former river cruise branch of TUI Group, ceased operations in 2014|
- "Cruise line definition". Travel industry dictionary. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- "Member Cruise Lines". Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA). Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- "Ship sales and transfers". Cruise industry news. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
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- "Cruise line market share". Cruise market watch. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- "Member reviews of cruise lines". Cruise Critic. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- "Classic International Cruises Pty Ltd". Press Release. Lawler Partners. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- Cruise West