List of culinary knife cuts

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Numerous knife cuts with their corresponding French name

There are a number of regular knife cuts that are used in many recipes, each producing a standardized cut piece of food. The two basic shapes are the strip and the cube.[1]

Strip cuts[edit]

  • Pont-neuf; used for fried potatoes ("thick cut" or "steak cut" chips), pont-neuf measures from 13 by 13 by 2+12–3 inches (1 cm × 1 cm × 6 cm–8 cm) to 34 by 34 by 3 inches (2 cm × 2 cm × 8 cm)[2][3]
  • Batonnet; French for "little stick", the batonnet measures approximately 14 by 14 by 2–2+12 inches (0.6 cm × 0.6 cm × 5 cm–6 cm). It is also the starting point for the small dice.[1]
  • Julienne; referred to as the allumette (or matchstick) when used on potatoes, the julienne measures approximately 18 by 18 by 1–2 inches (0.3 cm × 0.3 cm × 3 cm–5 cm). It is also the starting point for the brunoise cut.[1] The first reference to Julienne occurs in François Massialot's Le Cuisinier Royal in 1722.[1]
  • Fine julienne; measures approximately 116 by 116 by 1–2 inches (0.2 cm × 0.2 cm × 3 cm–5 cm), and is the starting point for the fine brunoise cut.[1]
  • Chiffonade; rolling leafy greens and slicing the roll in sections from 4-10mm in width

Cube cuts[edit]

Cuts with six even sides include:[1]

  • Large dice; (or "Carré" meaning "square" in French); sides measuring approximately 34 inch (20 mm)
  • Medium dice; (Parmentier); sides measuring approximately 12 inch (13 mm)
  • Small dice; (Macédoine); sides measuring approximately 14 inch (5 mm)
  • Brunoise; sides measuring approximately 18 inch (3 mm)
  • Fine brunoise; sides measuring approximately 116 inch (2 mm)

Other cuts[edit]

Other cuts include:[1]

  • Paysanne; 12 by 12 by 18 inch (10 mm × 10 mm × 3 mm)
  • Lozenge; diamond shape, 12 by 12 by 18 inch (10 mm × 10 mm × 3 mm)
  • Fermière; cut lengthwise and then sliced to desired thickness 1812 inch (3–10 mm)
  • Rondelle; cylindrical vegetatables cut to discs of desired thickness 1812 inch (3–10 mm)
  • Tourné; 2 inches (50 mm) long with seven faces usually with a bulge in the center portion
  • Mirepoix; 31614 inch (5–7 mm)
  • Rough Cut; chopped more or less randomly resulting in a variety of sizes and shapes
  • Mincing; very finely divided into uniform pieces[4]
  • Wedges; round vegetables cut equally radially, used on tomato, potato, lemon, cut into four or six pieces or more

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g The Culinary Institute of America (2011). The Professional Chef (9th ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 622–4. ISBN 978-0-470-42135-2. OCLC 707248142.
  2. ^ "Pont Neuf Potatoes". Cooks Info. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  3. ^ "Knife Cut Images". The Food School. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  4. ^ "14 basic cuts of vegetables with sizes". Food and Beverage service knowledge. Retrieved 2021-08-29.