List of current Canadian first ministers

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Canada is a federation that comprises ten provinces and three territories. Its government is structured as a parliamentary democracy, with a Prime Minister as its head of government; and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its sovereign. Each of the country's provinces and territories has a head of government, called premier by anglophones and premier ministre - the same term used for the federal leader - by francophones. Collectively, the federal Prime Minister and provincial and territorial premiers are referred to as first ministers.

Of the fourteen current first ministers, only one (Rachel Notley) is a woman, two (Bob McLeod and Joe Savikataaq) are indigenous, and none are from a visible minority.[note 1] The longest-serving first minister is Bob McLeod of the Northwest Territories, who has held the position since October 26, 2011; the newest first minister is Doug Ford of Ontario, who assumed office on June 29, 2018. The oldest first minister, Bob McLeod of Northwest Territories, was born in 1952, while the youngest, Brian Gallant of New Brunswick, was born in 1982. Of the current first ministers, seven are from a Liberal Party, two are from a New Democratic Party, two are from a Progressive Conservative Party, one is from the Saskatchewan Party, and two are non-partisan. Provincial parties are not, however, necessarily affiliated with or politically analogous to their federal counterparts.

Current Canadian first ministers[edit]

Premiers are listed in accordance with the provincial order of precedence: provinces before territories, and by order of joining confederation within those categories; where multiple jurisdictions joined confederation in the same year, they are ordered by population at the time of joining. Incumbency is current as of September 18, 2018.

First minister Jurisdiction Order Party Incumbency First mandate began Current mandate began Parlia-
ment
Refer-
ence
Federation – Prime Minister of Canada
Justin Trudeau APEC 2015 (cropped).jpg Justin Trudeau Canada 23rd Liberal Party of Canada 2 years, 318 days 2015 Election 2015 Election 42nd [1]
Provinces – Provincial Premiers
Doug Ford in Toronto - 2018 (41065995960) (cropped).jpg Doug Ford Ontario 26th Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario 81 days 2018 Election 2018 Election 42nd [2]
Philippe Couillard 2014-11-11 E.jpg Philippe Couillard Quebec 31st Quebec Liberal Party 4 years, 148 days 2014 Election 2014 Election 41st [3]
Stephen McNeil color-balanced.jpg Stephen McNeil Nova Scotia 28th Nova Scotia Liberal Party 4 years, 331 days 2013 Election 2017 Election 63rd [4]
Premier Brian Gallant.jpg Brian Gallant New Brunswick 33rd New Brunswick Liberal Association 3 years, 346 days 2014 Election 2014 Election 58th [5]
Brian Pallister - 2017 (37090344135) (cropped).jpg Brian Pallister Manitoba 22nd Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba 2 years, 138 days 2016 Election 2016 Election 41st [6]
John Horgan 2015.jpg John Horgan British Columbia 36th British Columbia New Democratic Party 1 year, 62 days 2017 Designation 2017 Designation 41st [7]
Wade MacLauchlan in DC (cropped).jpg Wade MacLauchlan Prince Edward Island 32nd Prince Edward Island Liberal Party 3 years, 207 days 2015 Designation 2015 Election 65th [8]
Scott Moe (cropped).jpg Scott Moe Saskatchewan 15th Saskatchewan Party 228 days 2018 Designation 2018 Designation 28th [9]
Rachel Notley crop.jpg Rachel Notley Alberta 17th Alberta New Democratic Party 3 years, 117 days 2015 Election 2015 Election 29th [10]
DwightBall (brightened, cropped).jpg Dwight Ball Newfoundland and Labrador 13th Liberal Party of Newfoundland and Labrador 2 years, 278 days 2015 Election 2015 Election 48th [11]
Territories – Territorial Premiers
Bob McLeod.jpg Bob McLeod Northwest Territories 12th N/A (consensus government) 6 years, 326 days 2011 Election 2015 Election 18th [12]
20170607-OSEC-LSC-093 (34351769463) (cropped).jpg Sandy Silver Yukon 9th Yukon Liberal Party 1 year, 289 days 2016 Election 2016 Election 34th [13]
No image.svg Joe Savikataaq Nunavut 5th N/A (consensus government) 96 days 2018 Designation 2018 Designation 5th [14]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The most recently-serving first minister from a visible minority was Robert Ghiz of Prince Edward Island, who left office on February 23, 2015.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Prime Minister of Canada". Government of Canada. Retrieved November 14, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Ontario. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Biography of the Premier". Government of Quebec. Retrieved April 23, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Honourable Stephen McNeil". Government of Nova Scotia. Retrieved October 22, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Premier Gallant". Government of New Brunswick. October 7, 2014. Retrieved October 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Manitoba. Retrieved May 11, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of British Columbia. Retrieved July 18, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Office of the Premier of Prince Edward Island". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved February 23, 2015. 
  9. ^ "SCOTT MOE SWORN IN AS PREMIER OF SASKATCHEWAN, APPOINTS FIRST CABINET". Government of Saskatchewan. Retrieved February 2, 2018. 
  10. ^ "Premier". Government of Alberta. Retrieved May 24, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. Retrieved December 15, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Premier Bob McLeod – Biography". Government of the Northwest Territories. Retrieved February 11, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Yukon. Retrieved December 14, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Longtime politician Paul Quassa chosen new premier of Nunavut". CTV News, November 17, 2017.

External links[edit]