List of current senators of Canada

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The Senate Chamber, located in the Centre Block of Parliament Hill

This is a list of current members of the Senate of Canada (French: Le Sénat du Canada), the upper house of the Canadian Parliament. Unlike the Members of Parliament in the House of Commons, the 105 senators are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the prime minister.[1] Senators originally held their seats for life; however, under the British North America Act, 1965, members may not sit in the Senate after reaching the age of 75. Prime ministers normally choose members of their own parties to be senators, though they sometimes nominate non-affiliated senators or members of opposing parties.

Seats are allocated on a regional basis, each of the four major regions receives 24 seats, and the remainder of the available seats being assigned to smaller regions. The four major regions are Ontario, Quebec, the Maritime provinces (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island), and the Western provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba and Saskatchewan). The seats for Newfoundland and Labrador, the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut are assigned apart from these regional divisions.[2] The province of Quebec has 24 Senate divisions that are constitutionally mandated. In all other provinces, a Senate division is strictly an optional designation of the senator's own choosing, and has no real constitutional or legal standing. A senator who does not choose a special senate division is considered a senator for the province at large.[2] The distribution of seats has been criticized for not being proportional per region. For example, Ontario has 40 percent of Canada's population but only 24 seats, while the smaller Atlantic provinces have a combined 30,[3] and British Columbia, the third most populous province, only has six seats.[4]

As of 27 April 2017, there are 99 sitting senators and 6 vacancies. Of the sitting senators, 39 senators are members of the Senate Conservative Caucus, which is affiliated with the Conservative Party, 34 are members of the Independent Senators Group, 18 "Independent Liberals" (Senate Liberal Caucus), and 8 are unaffiliated.

The pattern of political affiliation in the Senate in the most recent era is distinct in several key respects from what has been the case historically. Since November 4, 2015, there has been no government caucus in the Senate because the Senate Liberal Caucus is not affiliated with the governing Liberal Party of Canada. On December 6, 2016, for the first time in Canadian history the number of senators without a partisan affiliation exceeded that of the largest caucus of senators with a partisan affiliation.

Active senators have been appointed on the advice of six different prime ministers: Justin Trudeau, Stephen Harper, Paul Martin, Jean Chrétien, Brian Mulroney and Pierre Trudeau. Anne Cools is the longest-serving current senator; she was appointed on the advice of Pierre Trudeau in 1984. As of 6 December 2016, there are 44 women in the Senate.[5]

Current senators[edit]

[6] Name Senate Political Affiliation Province (Division) Date appointed Appointed on the advice of Retirement Date Titles & notes
  Andreychuk, RaynellRaynell Andreychuk Conservative Saskatchewan March 11, 1993   Mulroney August 14, 2019
  Ataullahjan, SalmaSalma Ataullahjan Conservative Ontario July 9, 2010   Harper April 29, 2027
  Baker, GeorgeGeorge Baker Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Newfoundland and Labrador March 26, 2002   Chrétien September 4, 2017
  Batters, DeniseDenise Batters Conservative Saskatchewan January 25, 2013   Harper June 18, 2045
  Bellemare, DianeDiane Bellemare Non-affiliated Quebec (Alma) September 6, 2012   Harper October 13, 2024 Legislative Deputy to Government Representative Peter Harder
  Bernard, Wanda ThomasWanda Thomas Bernard Independent Senators Group Nova Scotia November 10, 2016   Trudeau, J. August 1, 2028
  Beyak, LynnLynn Beyak Conservative Ontario January 25, 2013   Harper February 18, 2024
  Black, DougDoug Black Independent Senators Group Alberta January 25, 2013   Harper May 10, 2027
  Boisvenu, Pierre-HuguesPierre-Hugues Boisvenu Conservative Quebec (La Salle) January 29, 2010   Harper February 12, 2024
  Boniface, GwenGwen Boniface Independent Senators Group Ontario November 10, 2016   Trudeau, J. August 5, 2030
  Bovey, PatriciaPatricia Bovey Independent Senators Group Manitoba November 10, 2016   Trudeau, J. May 15, 2023
  Brazeau, PatrickPatrick Brazeau* Independent Senators Group Quebec (Repentigny) January 8, 2009   Harper November 11, 2049 Suspended from the latter part of the 41st Parliament. Returned to the Senate on September 27, 2016 after being cleared of criminal charges.[7]
  Campbell, LarryLarry Campbell Independent Senators Group British Columbia (Vancouver) August 2, 2005   Martin February 28, 2023
  Carignan, ClaudeClaude Carignan Conservative Quebec (Mille Isles) August 27, 2009   Harper December 4, 2039
  Christmas, DanielDaniel Christmas Independent Senators Group Nova Scotia December 6, 2016   Trudeau, J. September 10, 2031
  Cools, AnneAnne Cools Independent Senators Group Ontario (Toronto-Centre-York) January 13, 1984   Trudeau, P. E. August 12, 2018
  Cordy, JaneJane Cordy Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Nova Scotia June 9, 2000   Chrétien July 2, 2025
  Cormier, RenéRené Cormier Independent Senators Group New Brunswick November 10, 2016   Trudeau, J. April 27, 2031
  Dagenais, Jean-GuyJean-Guy Dagenais Conservative Quebec January 17, 2012   Harper February 2, 2025
  Dawson, DennisDennis Dawson Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Quebec (Lauzon) August 2, 2005   Martin September 28, 2024
  Day, Joseph A.Joseph A. Day Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ New Brunswick (Saint John-Kennebecasis) October 4, 2001   Chrétien January 24, 2020 Senate Liberal Caucus Leader
  Dean, TonyTony Dean Independent Senators Group Ontario November 10, 2016   Trudeau, J. August 26, 2028
  Demers, JacquesJacques Demers Independent Senators Group Quebec (Rigaud) August 27, 2009   Harper August 25, 2019
  Downe, PercyPercy Downe Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown) June 26, 2003   Chrétien July 8, 2029 Senate Liberal Caucus Whip
  Doyle, NormanNorman Doyle Conservative Newfoundland and Labrador January 6, 2012   Harper November 11, 2020
  Duffy, MikeMike Duffy Independent Senators Group Prince Edward Island (Cavendish) January 2, 2009   Harper May 27, 2021
  Dupuis, RenéeRenée Dupuis Independent Senators Group Quebec (The Laurentides) November 10, 2016   Trudeau, J. January 17, 2024
  Dyck, LillianLillian Dyck Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Saskatchewan (North Battleford) March 24, 2005   Martin August 24, 2020
  Eaton, NicoleNicole Eaton Conservative Ontario (Caledon) January 2, 2009   Harper January 21, 2020 Speaker Pro Tempore
  Eggleton, ArtArt Eggleton Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Ontario (Toronto) March 24, 2005   Martin September 29, 2018
  Enverga, TobiasTobias Enverga Conservative Ontario September 6, 2012   Harper December 2, 2030
  Forest, ÉricÉric Forest Independent Senators Group Quebec (Gulf) November 21, 2016   Trudeau, J. April 6, 2027
  Fraser, JoanJoan Fraser Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Quebec (De Lorimier) September 17, 1998   Chrétien October 12, 2019
  Frum, LindaLinda Frum Conservative Ontario August 27, 2009   Harper January 13, 2038
  Furey, GeorgeGeorge Furey Non-affiliated Newfoundland and Labrador August 11, 1999   Chrétien May 12, 2023 Speaker
  Gagné, RaymondeRaymonde Gagné Independent Senators Group Manitoba April 1, 2016   Trudeau, J. January 7, 2032
  Galvez, RosaRosa Galvez Independent Senators Group Quebec (Bedford) December 6, 2016   Trudeau, J. June 21, 2042
  Gold, MarcMarc Gold Independent Senators Group Quebec (Stadacona) November 25, 2016   Trudeau, J. June 30, 2025
  Greene, StephenStephen Greene Independent Reform Nova Scotia (Halifax — The Citadel) January 2, 2009   Harper December 8, 2024
  Griffin, DianeDiane Griffin Independent Senators Group Prince Edward Island November 10, 2016   Trudeau, J. March 18, 2022
  Harder, PeterPeter Harder Non-affiliated Ontario (Ottawa) March 23, 2016   Trudeau, J. August 25, 2027 Representative of the Government in the Senate
  Hartling, NancyNancy Hartling Independent Senators Group New Brunswick November 10, 2016   Trudeau, J. February 1, 2025
  Housakos, LeoLeo Housakos Conservative Quebec (Wellington) January 8, 2009   Harper January 10, 2043
  Hubley, LibbeLibbe Hubley Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Prince Edward Island March 8, 2001   Chrétien September 8, 2017 Senate Liberal Caucus Deputy Leader
  Jaffer, MobinaMobina Jaffer Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ British Columbia June 13, 2001   Chrétien August 20, 2024
  Joyal, SergeSerge Joyal Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Québec (Kennebec) November 26, 1997   Chrétien February 1, 2020
  Kenny, ColinColin Kenny Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Ontario (Rideau) June 29, 1984   Trudeau, P. E. December 10, 2018
  Lang, DanielDaniel Lang Conservative Yukon (Whitehorse) January 2, 2009   Harper April 3, 2023
  Lankin, FrancesFrances Lankin Independent Senators Group Ontario April 1, 2016   Trudeau, J. April 16, 2029
  Lovelace Nicholas, SandraSandra Lovelace Nicholas Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ New Brunswick September 21, 2005   Martin April 15, 2023
  MacDonald, Michael L.Michael L. MacDonald Conservative Nova Scotia (Dartmouth) January 2, 2009   Harper May 4, 2030
  Maltais, GhislainGhislain Maltais Conservative Quebec January 6, 2012   Harper April 22, 2019
  Manning, FabianFabian Manning Conservative Newfoundland and Labrador May 25, 2011   Harper May 21, 2039
  Marshall, ElizabethElizabeth Marshall Conservative Newfoundland and Labrador January 29, 2010   Harper September 7, 2026
  Martin, YonahYonah Martin Conservative British Columbia (Vancouver) January 2, 2009   Harper April 11, 2040 Opposition Deputy Leader
  Marwah, SabiSabi Marwah Independent Senators Group Ontario November 10, 2016   Trudeau, J. July 12, 2026
  Massicotte, PaulPaul Massicotte Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Quebec (De Lanaudière) June 26, 2003   Chrétien September 10, 2026
  McCoy, ElaineElaine McCoy Independent Senators Group Alberta (Calgary) March 24, 2005   Martin March 7, 2021 Facilitator of the Independent Senators Group[8]
  McInnis, TomTom McInnis Conservative Nova Scotia September 6, 2012   Harper April 9, 2020
  McIntyre, PaulPaul McIntyre Conservative New Brunswick September 6, 2012   Harper November 2, 2019
  McPhedran, MarilouMarilou McPhedran Independent Senators Group Manitoba November 10, 2016   Trudeau, J. July 22, 2026
  Mégie, Marie-FrançoiseMarie-Françoise Mégie Independent Senators Group Quebec (Rougemont) November 21, 2016   Trudeau, J. September 25, 2025
  Mercer, TerryTerry Mercer Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Nova Scotia (Northend Halifax) November 7, 2003   Chrétien May 6, 2022
  Mitchell, GrantGrant Mitchell Non-affiliated Alberta (Edmonton) March 24, 2005   Martin July 19, 2026 Government Whip and Liaison
  Mockler, PercyPercy Mockler Conservative New Brunswick (St. Leonard) January 2, 2009   Harper April 14, 2024
  Moncion, LucieLucie Moncion Independent Senators Group Ontario November 10, 2016   Trudeau, J. October 25, 2033
  Munson, JimJim Munson Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Ontario (Ottawa/Rideau Canal) December 10, 2003   Chrétien July 14, 2021
  Neufeld, RichardRichard Neufeld Conservative British Columbia (Charlie Lake) January 2, 2009   Harper November 6, 2019
  Ngo, Thanh HaiThanh Hai Ngo Conservative Ontario September 6, 2012   Harper January 3, 2022
  Ogilvie, KelvinKelvin Ogilvie Conservative Nova Scotia (Annapolis Valley - Hants) August 27, 2009   Harper November 6, 2017
  Oh, VictorVictor Oh Conservative Ontario January 25, 2013   Harper June 10, 2024
  Omidvar, RatnaRatna Omidvar Independent Senators Group Ontario April 1, 2016   Trudeau, J. November 5, 2024
  Pate, KimKim Pate Independent Senators Group Ontario November 10, 2016   Trudeau, J. November 10, 2034
  Patterson, DennisDennis Patterson Conservative Nunavut August 27, 2009   Harper December 30, 2023
  Petitclerc, ChantalChantal Petitclerc Independent Senators Group Quebec (Grandville) April 1, 2016   Trudeau, J. December 15, 2044
  Plett, DonDon Plett Conservative Manitoba (Landmark) August 27, 2009   Harper May 14, 2025 Opposition Whip
  Poirier, Rose-MayRose-May Poirier Conservative New Brunswick (Saint-Louis-de-Kent) February 28, 2010   Harper March 2, 2029
  Pratte, AndréAndré Pratte Independent Senators Group Quebec (De Salaberry) April 1, 2016   Trudeau, J. May 12, 2032
  Raine, Nancy GreeneNancy Greene Raine Conservative British Columbia (Sun Peaks) January 2, 2009   Harper May 11, 2018
  Ringuette, PierrettePierrette Ringuette Independent Senators Group New Brunswick December 12, 2002   Chrétien December 31, 2030
  Runciman, BobBob Runciman Conservative Ontario January 29, 2010   Harper August 10, 2017
  Saint-Germain, RaymondeRaymonde Saint-Germain Independent Senators Group Quebec (De la Vallière) November 25, 2016   Trudeau, J. October 7, 2026
  Seidman, JudithJudith Seidman Conservative Québec (De la Durantaye) August 27, 2009   Harper September 1, 2025
  Sibbeston, NickNick Sibbeston Non-affiliated Northwest Territories September 2, 1999   Chrétien November 21, 2018
  Sinclair, MurrayMurray Sinclair Independent Senators Group Manitoba April 2, 2016   Trudeau, J. January 24, 2026
  Smith, LarryLarry Smith Conservative Quebec (Saurel) May 25, 2011   Harper April 28, 2026 Opposition Leader
  Stewart-Olsen, CarolynCarolyn Stewart-Olsen Conservative New Brunswick August 27, 2009   Harper July 27, 2021
  Tannas, ScottScott Tannas Conservative Alberta March 25, 2013   Harper February 25, 2037
  Tardif, ClaudetteClaudette Tardif Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Alberta (Edmonton) March 24, 2005   Martin July 27, 2022
  Tkachuk, DavidDavid Tkachuk Conservative Saskatchewan June 8, 1993   Mulroney February 18, 2020
  Unger, BettyBetty Unger Conservative Alberta January 6, 2012   Harper August 21, 2018
  Verner, JoséeJosée Verner Non-affiliated Quebec (Montarville) June 13, 2011   Harper December 30, 2034
  Wallin, PamelaPamela Wallin Independent Senators Group Saskatchewan (Kuroki Beach) January 2, 2009   Harper April 10, 2028
  Watt, CharlieCharlie Watt Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Quebec (Inkerman) January 16, 1984   Trudeau, P. E. June 29, 2019
  Wells, DavidDavid Wells Conservative Newfoundland and Labrador January 25, 2013   Harper February 28, 2037
  Wetston, HowardHoward Wetston Independent Senators Group Ontario November 10, 2016   Trudeau, J. June 3, 2022
  White, VernonVernon White Conservative Ontario February 20, 2012   Harper February 21, 2034
  Woo, Yuen PauYuen Pau Woo Independent Senators Group British Columbia November 10, 2016   Trudeau, J. March 2, 2038

^Quebec is the only province with Senate divisions that are constitutionally mandated. In all other provinces, a Senate division is strictly an optional designation of the senator's own choosing, and has no real constitutional or legal standing. A senator who does not choose a special senate division is considered a senator for the province at large.[2]

^ * Duffy, Wallin and Brazeau were suspended during the 41st Parliament and removed from the Conservative caucus. While suspended, they were unpaid and unable to debate or vote in the Senate. Their suspensions ended upon dissolution of the 41st Parliament on August 2, 2015. Brazeau was on a leave of absence with pay until charges against him were withdrawn in July 2016; he returned to the Senate on September 27, 2016.[7] Duffy's suspension ended on April 21, 2016 when he was acquitted on all counts.

^ ‡ On January 29, 2014, Liberal Party leader Justin Trudeau announced all Liberal senators were removed from the Liberal parliamentary caucus, and asked to sit as independents;[9] however, the senators decided to refer to themselves as the Senate Liberal Caucus, though they no longer sit in caucus with Liberal MPs nor are they formally affiliated with the Liberal Party of Canada.[10]

Vacancies and pending appointments[edit]

Name Party Province (Division) Nominated by Seat Last Held By Reason for Vacancy
  Vacant Manitoba Janis Johnson Resignation
  Vacant Ontario Nancy Ruth Mandatory Retirement
  Vacant Nova Scotia Wilfred P. Moore Mandatory Retirement
  Vacant Nova Scotia Jim Cowan Mandatory Retirement
  Vacant New Brunswick John D. Wallace Resignation
  Vacant Saskatchewan Pana Merchant Resignation
  Vacant Ontario Don Meredith Resignation

Standings[edit]

Seating plan of the Canadian Senate

Members of the Senate of Canada may sit as representatives of a political party if agreed by themselves and their party.
The current party standings in the Senate of Canada are as follows:

Party BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL YT NT NU Tot
Conservative   3 2 3 1 9 7 4 3 0 4 1 0 1 38
Independent Senators Group 1   2 2 1 4 9 10 3 2 2 0 0 0 0 35
Independent Liberal 2   1 1 1 0 3 5 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 18
Non-affiliated   0 1 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 7
Independent Reform 3   0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Vacant   0 0 2 1 2 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 7
Total 6 6 6 6 24 24 10 10 4 6 1 1 1 105

1The group was formed by 15 non-affiliated Senators in September 2017, with Elaine McCoy being elected as the group's facilitator for a term ending June 2017 (by January 2017, 35 Senators were members of the ISG).[7] In December 2016, the Senate passed a motion to fund the Independent Senators Group for the next two fiscal years.[11] As of January 2017, the Parliament of Canada website distinguishes between non-affiliated Senators who belong to the Independent Senators Group (ISG) and those who do not.[12]

2 On January 29, 2014, Liberal Party leader Justin Trudeau announced all Liberal Senators were removed from the Liberal caucus, and would continue sitting as Independents. According to then-Senate Opposition leader James Cowan, the Senators refer to themselves as the Senate Liberal Caucus even though they are no longer members of the parliamentary Liberal caucus.[10]

3 Senator Stephen Greene was expelled from the Conservative caucus on May 16, 2017, and designated himself as "Independent Reform" due to his previous allegiance to the defunct Reform Party of Canada.

Party standings since the last election[edit]

Number of members
per party by date
2015 2016
Oct 19 Nov 19 Dec 3 Dec 7 Feb 2 Feb 10 Feb 17 Mar 1 Mar 7 Mar 8 Mar 23 Apr 1 Apr 2 Apr 6 Apr 22 May 2 May 5 May 16 Jul 14 Aug 7 Sep 27
Conservative 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40
Non-affiliated 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 19 20 21 22 23 24 23
Senate Liberal Caucus 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21
Independent PC 1 0
Vacant 22 23 24 23 18 17 18 19 20 21
Number of members
per party by date
2016 2017
Nov 10 Nov 21 Nov 22 Nov 25 Dec 2 Dec 6 Jan 6 Jan 14 Jan 22 Jan 31 Feb 1 Mar 30 Mar 31 May 10 May 16
Conservative 40 41 40 39 38
Independent Senators Group - 33 35 34 35
Senate Liberal Caucus 21 20 19 18
Non-affiliated 37 38 37 40 7 8 7 6
Independent Reform 0 1
Vacant 7 6 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7


Appointment breakdown[edit]

Prime Minister Term Cons. ISG Lib. N-A Total
  Pierre Trudeau 1968-1979
1980–1984
0 1 2 0 3
  Brian Mulroney 1984–1993 2 0 0 0 2
  Jean Chrétien 1993–2003 0 1 11 2 14
  Paul Martin 2003–2006 0 2 5 1 8
  Stephen Harper 2006–2015 35 5 0 4 44
  Justin Trudeau 2015–present 0 26 0 1 27
Total 38 35 18 7 98

Upcoming retirements[edit]

Eighteen current senators are scheduled to retire before the end of 2019:

  1. Bob Runciman, August 10, 2017, Conservative, (Harper) - Ontario
  2. George Baker, September 4, 2017, Independent Liberal, (Chrétien) - Newfoundland and Labrador
  3. Elizabeth M. "Libbe" Hubley, September 8, 2017, Independent Liberal, (Chrétien) - Prince Edward Island
  4. Kelvin Ogilvie, November 6, 2017, Conservative, (Harper) - Nova Scotia
  5. Nancy Greene Raine, May 11, 2018, Conservative, (Harper) - British Columbia (Sun Peaks)
  6. Betty Unger, August 8, 2018, Conservative, (Harper) - Alberta
  7. Anne Cools, August 12, 2018, Independent Senators Group, (P. E. Trudeau) - Ontario (Toronto Centre-York)
  8. Art Eggleton, September 29, 2018, Independent Liberal, (Martin) - Ontario
  9. Nick Sibbeston, November 21, 2018, Independent Senators Group, (Chrétien) - Northwest Territories
  10. Colin Kenny, December 10, 2018, Independent Liberal, (P. E. Trudeau) - Ontario (Rideau)
  11. Ghislain Maltais, April 22, 2019, Conservative (Harper) - Quebec (Shawinigan)
  12. Charlie Watt, June 29, 2019, Independent Liberal (P. E. Trudeau) - Quebec (Inkerman)
  13. Raynell Andreychuk, August 14, 2019, Conservative (Mulroney) - Saskatchewan
  14. Jacques Demers, August 25, 2019, Independent Senators Group (Harper) - Quebec (Rigaud)
  15. Joan Fraser, October 12, 2019, Independent Liberal (Chrétien) - Quebec (De Lorimier)
  16. Paul McIntyre, November 2, 2019, Conservative (Harper) - New Brunswick
  17. Richard Neufeld, November 6, 2019, Conservative (Harper) - British Columbia (Charlie Lake)

Longevity[edit]

Furthest year of retirement of existing senators, by prime minister

  • Charlie Watt, appointed by Pierre Trudeau, is due to retire on June 29, 2019
  • David Tkachuk, appointed by Brian Mulroney, is due to retire on February 18, 2020
  • Grant Mitchell, appointed by Paul Martin, is due to retire on July 19, 2026
  • Pierrette Ringuette, appointed by Jean Chrétien, is due to retire on December 31, 2030
  • Chantal Petitclerc, appointed by Justin Trudeau, is due to retire on December 15, 2044
  • Patrick Brazeau, appointed by Stephen Harper, is due to retire on November 11, 2049

See also[edit]

References[edit]