List of current Senators of Canada

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The Senate Chamber, located in the Centre Block of Parliament Hill

This is a list of current members of the Senate of Canada (French: Le Sénat du Canada), the upper house of the Canadian Parliament. Unlike the Members of Parliament in the House of Commons, the 105 senators are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the prime minister.[1] Senators originally held their seats for life; however, under the British North America Act, 1965, members may not sit in the Senate after reaching the age of 75. Prime ministers normally choose members of their own parties to be senators, though they sometimes nominate non-affiliated senators or members of opposing parties.

Seats are allocated on a regional basis, each of the four major regions receives 24 seats, and the remainder of the available seats being assigned to smaller regions. The four major regions are Ontario, Quebec, the Maritime provinces (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island), and the Western provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba and Saskatchewan). The seats for Newfoundland and Labrador, the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut are assigned apart from these regional divisions.[2] The province of Quebec has 24 Senate divisions that are constitutionally mandated. In all other provinces, a Senate division is strictly an optional designation of the senator's own choosing, and has no real constitutional or legal standing. A senator who does not choose a special senate division is considered a senator for the province at large.[2] The distribution of seats has been criticized for not being proportional per region. For example, Ontario has 40 percent of Canada's population but only 24 seats, while the smaller Atlantic provinces have a combined 30,[3] and British Columbia, the third most populous province, only has six seats.[4]

As of May 16, 2016 (following the retirement of Senator David Smith), there are 86 senators and 19 vacancies. There are 33 women in the Senate.[5] The Conservative Party currently holds 42 seats, there are 22 "Independent Liberals" and 22 non-affiliated senators. Active senators have been appointed on the advice of six different prime ministers: Justin Trudeau, Stephen Harper, Paul Martin, Jean Chrétien, Brian Mulroney and Pierre Trudeau. Anne Cools is the longest-serving current senator; she was appointed on the advice of Pierre Trudeau in 1984.

As of 4 November 2015 there is no government caucus in the Senate because the Senate Liberal Caucus is not affiliated with the governing Liberal Party of Canada.



Current senators[edit]

[6] Name Party Province (Division) Date appointed Appointed by Mandatory retirement Titles & notes
  Andreychuk, RaynellRaynell Andreychuk Conservative Saskatchewan March 11, 1993 Mulroney August 14, 2019
  Ataullahjan, SalmaSalma Ataullahjan Conservative Ontario July 9, 2010 Harper April 29, 2027
  Baker, GeorgeGeorge Baker Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Newfoundland and Labrador March 26, 2002 Chrétien September 4, 2017
  Batters, DeniseDenise Batters Conservative Saskatchewan January 25, 2013 Harper June 18, 2045
  Bellemare, DianeDiane Bellemare Non-affiliated Quebec (Alma) September 6, 2012 Harper October 13, 2024 Legislative Deputy to Government Representative Peter Harder
  Beyak, LynnLynn Beyak Conservative Ontario January 25, 2013 Harper February 18, 2024
  Black, DougDoug Black Non-affiliated Alberta January 25, 2013 Harper May 10, 2027
  Boisvenu, Pierre-HuguesPierre-Hugues Boisvenu Non-affiliated Quebec (La Salle) January 29, 2010 Harper February 12, 2024
  Brazeau, PatrickPatrick Brazeau* Non-affiliated Quebec (Repentigny) January 8, 2009 Harper November 11, 2049 Suspended since the latter part of the 41st Parliament.
  Campbell, LarryLarry Campbell Non-affiliated British Columbia (Vancouver) August 2, 2005 Martin February 28, 2023
  Carignan, ClaudeClaude Carignan Conservative Quebec (Mille Isles) August 27, 2009 Harper December 4, 2039 Opposition Leader
  Cools, AnneAnne Cools Non-affiliated Ontario (Toronto-Centre-York) January 13, 1984 Trudeau, P. E. August 12, 2018
  Cordy, JaneJane Cordy Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Nova Scotia June 9, 2000 Chrétien July 2, 2025
  Cowan, JimJim Cowan Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Nova Scotia (Halifax) March 24, 2005 Martin January 22, 2017 Liberal Caucus Leader
  Dagenais, Jean-GuyJean-Guy Dagenais Conservative Quebec January 17, 2012 Harper February 2, 2025
  Dawson, DennisDennis Dawson Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Quebec (Lauzon) August 2, 2005 Martin September 28, 2024
  Day, Joseph A.Joseph A. Day Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ New Brunswick (Saint John-Kennebecasis) October 4, 2001 Chrétien January 24, 2020
  Demers, JacquesJacques Demers Non-affiliated Quebec (Rigaud) August 27, 2009 Harper August 25, 2019
  Downe, PercyPercy Downe Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown) June 26, 2003 Chrétien July 8, 2029
  Doyle, NormanNorman Doyle Conservative Newfoundland and Labrador January 6, 2012 Harper November 11, 2020
  Duffy, MikeMike Duffy Non-affiliated Prince Edward Island (Cavendish) January 2, 2009 Harper May 27, 2021
  Dyck, LillianLillian Dyck Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Saskatchewan (North Battleford) March 24, 2005 Martin August 24, 2020
  Eaton, NicoleNicole Eaton Conservative Ontario (Caledon) January 2, 2009 Harper January 21, 2020 Speaker Pro Tempore
  Eggleton, ArtArt Eggleton Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Ontario (Toronto) March 24, 2005 Martin September 29, 2018
  Enverga, Tobias C.Tobias C. Enverga Conservative Ontario September 6, 2012 Harper December 2, 2030
  Fraser, JoanJoan Fraser Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Quebec (De Lorimier) September 17, 1998 Chrétien October 12, 2019 Liberal Caucus Deputy Leader
  Frum, LindaLinda Frum Conservative Ontario August 27, 2009 Harper January 13, 2038
  Furey, GeorgeGeorge Furey Non-affiliated Newfoundland and Labrador August 11, 1999 Chrétien May 12, 2023 Speaker
  Gagné, RaymondeRaymonde Gagné Non-affiliated Manitoba April 1, 2016 Trudeau, J. January 7, 2031
  Greene, StephenStephen Greene Conservative Nova Scotia (Halifax — The Citadel) January 2, 2009 Harper December 8, 2024
  Harder, PeterPeter Harder Non-affiliated Ontario (Ottawa) March 23, 2016 Trudeau, J. August 25, 2027 Representative of the Government in the Senate
  Housakos, LeoLeo Housakos Conservative Quebec (Wellington) January 8, 2009 Harper January 10, 2043
  Hubley, ElizabethElizabeth Hubley Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Prince Edward Island March 8, 2001 Chrétien September 8, 2017
  Jaffer, MobinaMobina Jaffer Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ British Columbia June 13, 2001 Chrétien August 20, 2024
  Johnson, JanisJanis Johnson Conservative Manitoba (Winnipeg - Interlake) September 27, 1990 Mulroney April 27, 2021
  Joyal, SergeSerge Joyal Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Québec (Kennebec) November 26, 1997 Chrétien February 1, 2020
  Kenny, ColinColin Kenny Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Ontario (Rideau) June 29, 1984 Trudeau, P. E. December 10, 2018
  Lang, DanielDaniel Lang Conservative Yukon (Whitehorse) January 2, 2009 Harper April 3, 2023
  Lankin, FrancesFrances Lankin Non-affiliated Ontario April 1, 2016 Trudeau, J. April 16, 2029
  Lovelace Nicholas, SandraSandra Lovelace Nicholas Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ New Brunswick September 21, 2005 Martin April 15, 2023
  MacDonald, Michael L.Michael L. MacDonald Conservative Nova Scotia (Dartmouth) January 2, 2009 Harper May 4, 2030
  Maltais, GhislainGhislain Maltais Conservative Quebec January 6, 2012 Harper April 22, 2019
  Manning, FabianFabian Manning Conservative Newfoundland and Labrador May 25, 2011 Harper May 21, 2039
  Marshall, ElizabethElizabeth Marshall Conservative Newfoundland and Labrador January 29, 2010 Harper September 7, 2026
  Martin, YonahYonah Martin Conservative British Columbia (Vancouver) January 2, 2009 Harper April 11, 2040 Opposition Deputy Leader
  Massicotte, Paul J.Paul J. Massicotte Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Quebec (De Lanaudière) June 26, 2003 Chrétien September 10, 2026
  McCoy, ElaineElaine McCoy Non-affiliated Alberta (Calgary) March 24, 2005 Martin March 7, 2021
  McInnis, TomTom McInnis Conservative Nova Scotia September 6, 2012 Harper April 9, 2020
  McIntyre, PaulPaul McIntyre Conservative New Brunswick September 6, 2012 Harper November 2, 2019
  Mercer, TerryTerry Mercer Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Nova Scotia (Northend Halifax) November 7, 2003 Chrétien May 6, 2022
  Merchant, PanaPana Merchant Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Saskatchewan December 12, 2002 Chrétien April 2, 2018
  Meredith, DonDon Meredith Non-affiliated Ontario December 20, 2010 Harper July 13, 2039
  Mitchell, GrantGrant Mitchell Non-affiliated Alberta (Edmonton) March 24, 2005 Martin July 19, 2026 Government Whip and Liaison
  Mockler, PercyPercy Mockler Conservative New Brunswick (St. Leonard) January 2, 2009 Harper April 14, 2024
  Moore, Wilfred P.Wilfred P. Moore Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Nova Scotia (Stanhope St./Bluenose) September 26, 1996 Chrétien January 14, 2017
  Munson, JimJim Munson Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Ontario (Ottawa/Rideau Canal) December 10, 2003 Chrétien July 24, 2021 Liberal Caucus Whip
  Nancy Ruth, Nancy Ruth Conservative Ontario (Toronto) March 24, 2005 Martin January 6, 2017
  Neufeld, RichardRichard Neufeld Conservative British Columbia (Charlie Lake) January 2, 2009 Harper November 6, 2019
  Ngo, Thanh HaiThanh Hai Ngo Conservative Ontario September 6, 2012 Harper January 3, 2022
  Ogilvie, KelvinKelvin Ogilvie Conservative Nova Scotia (Annapolis Valley - Hants) August 27, 2009 Harper November 6, 2017
  Oh, VictorVictor Oh Conservative Ontario January 25, 2013 Harper June 10, 2024
  Omidvar, RatnaRatna Omidvar Non-affiliated Ontario April 1, 2016 Trudeau, J. November 5, 2024
  Patterson, DennisDennis Patterson Conservative Nunavut August 27, 2009 Harper December 30, 2023
  Petitclerc, ChantalChantal Petitclerc Non-affiliated Quebec (Grandville) April 1, 2016 Trudeau, J. December 15, 2044
  Plett, DonDon Plett Conservative Manitoba (Landmark) August 27, 2009 Harper May 14, 2025 Opposition Whip
  Poirier, Rose-MayRose-May Poirier Conservative New Brunswick (Saint-Louis-de-Kent) February 28, 2010 Harper March 2, 2029
  Pratte, AndréAndré Pratte Non-affiliated Quebec (De Salaberry) April 1, 2016 Trudeau, J. May 12, 2032
  Raine, Nancy GreeneNancy Greene Raine Conservative British Columbia (Sun Peaks) January 2, 2009 Harper May 11, 2018
  Ringuette, PierrettePierrette Ringuette Non-affiliated New Brunswick December 12, 2002 Chrétien December 31, 2030
  Rivard, MichelMichel Rivard Non-affiliated Quebec (The Laurentides) January 2, 2009 Harper August 7, 2016
  Runciman, BobBob Runciman Conservative Ontario January 29, 2010 Harper August 10, 2017
  Seidman, JudithJudith Seidman Conservative Québec (De la Durantaye) August 27, 2009 Harper September 1, 2025
  Sibbeston, NickNick Sibbeston Non-affiliated Northwest Territories September 2, 1999 Chrétien November 21, 2018
  Sinclair, MurrayMurray Sinclair Non-affiliated Manitoba April 1, 2016 Trudeau, J. January 24, 2026
  Smith, LarryLarry Smith Conservative Quebec (Saurel) May 25, 2011 Harper April 28, 2026
  Stewart Olsen, CarolynCarolyn Stewart Olsen Conservative New Brunswick August 27, 2009 Harper July 27, 2021
  Tannas, ScottScott Tannas Conservative Alberta March 25, 2013 Harper February 25, 2037
  Tardif, ClaudetteClaudette Tardif Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Alberta (Edmonton) March 24, 2005 Martin July 27, 2023
  Tkachuk, DavidDavid Tkachuk Conservative Saskatchewan June 8, 1993 Mulroney February 18, 2020
  Unger, BettyBetty Unger Conservative Alberta January 6, 2012 Harper August 8, 2018
  Verner, JoséeJosée Verner Conservative Quebec (Montarville) June 13, 2011 Harper December 30, 2034
  Wallace, John D.John D. Wallace Non-affiliated New Brunswick (Rothesay) January 2, 2009 Harper March 26, 2024
  Wallin, PamelaPamela Wallin Non-affiliated Saskatchewan (Kuroki Beach) January 2, 2009 Harper April 10, 2028
  Watt, CharlieCharlie Watt Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Quebec (Inkerman) January 16, 1984 Trudeau, P. E. June 29, 2019
  Wells, DavidDavid Wells Conservative Newfoundland and Labrador January 25, 2013 Harper February 28, 2037
  White, VernonVernon White Conservative Ontario February 20, 2012 Harper February 21, 2034

^Quebec is the only province with Senate divisions that are constitutionally mandated. In all other provinces, a Senate division is strictly an optional designation of the senator's own choosing, and has no real constitutional or legal standing. A senator who does not choose a special senate division is considered a senator for the province at large.[2]

^ * Duffy, Wallin and Brazeau were suspended during the 41st Parliament and removed from the Conservative caucus. While suspended, they were unpaid and unable to debate or vote in the Senate. Their suspensions ended upon dissolution of the 41st Parliament on August 2, 2015. Brazeau is currently on a leave of absence with pay until his case is resolved by the courts. Duffy's suspension ended on April 21, 2016 when he was acquitted on all counts.

^ ‡ On January 29, 2014, Liberal Party leader Justin Trudeau announced all Liberal senators were removed from the Liberal parliamentary caucus, and asked to sit as independents;[7] however, the senators retained their party membership, and refer to themselves as Senate Liberals.[8]

Standings[edit]

Seating plan of the Canadian Senate

Members of the Senate of Canada may sit as representatives of a political party if agreed by themselves and their party.
The current party standings in the Senate of Canada are as follows:

Party BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL YT NT NU Tot
Conservative   3 2 3 2 10 7 4 4 0 4 1 0 1 41
Non-affiliated   1 3 1 2 5 7 2 0 1 1 0 1 0 24
Independent Liberal1   1 1 2 0 3 5 2 4 2 1 0 0 0 21
Vacant   1 0 0 2 6 5 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 19
Total 6 6 6 6 24 24 10 10 4 6 1 1 1 105

1On January 29, 2014, Liberal Party leader Justin Trudeau announced all Liberal Senators were removed from the Liberal caucus, and would continue sitting as Independents. According to then-Senate Opposition leader James Cowan, the Senators will still refer to themselves as Liberals even if they are no longer members of the parliamentary Liberal caucus.[8]

Appointment breakdown[edit]

Prime Minister Term Cons. Ind. Lib. Total
     Pierre Trudeau 1980–1984 0 1 2 3
     Brian Mulroney 1984–1993 3 0 0 3
     Jean Chrétien 1993–2003 0 3 13 16
     Paul Martin 2003–2006 1 3 6 10
  Stephen Harper 2006–2015 37 10 0 47
     Justin Trudeau 2015–present 0 7 0 7
Total 41 24 21 86

Upcoming retirements[edit]

Twenty-two senators will reach the mandatory retirement age of 75 before the end of 2019:

  1. Michel Rivard, August 7, 2016, Conservative, (Harper) - Quebec (The Laurentides)
  2. Nancy Ruth, January 6, 2017, Conservative, (Martin) - Ontario (Cluny)
  3. Wilfred P. Moore, January 14, 2017, Independent Liberal, (Chrétien) - Nova Scotia (Stanhope St./South Shore)
  4. Jim Cowan, January 22, 2017, Independent Liberal, (Martin) - Nova Scotia
  5. Bob Runciman, August 10, 2017, Conservative, (Harper) - Ontario
  6. George Baker, September 4, 2017, Independent Liberal, (Chrétien) - Newfoundland and Labrador
  7. Elizabeth M. "Libbe" Hubley, September 8, 2017, Independent Liberal, (Chrétien) - Prince Edward Island
  8. Kelvin Ogilvie, November 6, 2017, Conservative, (Harper) - Nova Scotia
  9. Pana Merchant, April 2, 2018, Independent Liberal, (Chrétien) - Saskatchewan
  10. Nancy Greene Raine, May 11, 2018, Conservative, (Harper) - British Columbia (Sun Peaks)
  11. Betty Unger, August 8, 2018, Conservative, (Harper) - Alberta
  12. Anne Cools, August 12, 2018, Independent, (P. E. Trudeau) - Ontario (Toronto Centre-York)
  13. Art Eggleton, September 29, 2018, Independent Liberal, (Martin) - Ontario
  14. Nick Sibbeston, November 21, 2018, Independent, (Chrétien) - Northwest Territories
  15. Colin Kenny, December 10, 2018, Independent Liberal, (P. E. Trudeau) - Ontario (Rideau)
  16. Ghislain Maltais, April 22, 2019, Conservative (Harper) - Quebec (Shawinigan)
  17. Charlie Watt, June 29, 2019, Liberal (P. E. Trudeau) - Quebec (Inkerman)
  18. Raynell Andreychuk, August 14, 2019, Conservative (Mulroney) - Saskatchewan
  19. Jacques Demers, August 25, 2019, Conservative (Harper) - Quebec (Rigaud)
  20. Joan Fraser, October 12, 2019, Independent Liberal (Chrétien) - Quebec (De Lorimier)
  21. Paul McIntyre, November 2, 2019, Conservative (Harper) - New Brunswick
  22. Richard Neufeld, November 6, 2019, Conservative (Harper) - British Columbia (Charlie Lake)

Longevity[edit]

Furthest year of retirement of existing senators, by prime minister

  • Charlie Watt, appointed by Pierre Trudeau, is due to retire on June 29, 2019
  • Janis G. Johnson, appointed by Brian Mulroney, is due to retire on April 27, 2021
  • Grant Mitchell, appointed by Paul Martin, is due to retire on July 19, 2026
  • Pierrette Ringuette, appointed by Jean Chrétien, is due to retire on December 31, 2030
  • Chantal Petitclerc, appointed by Justin Trudeau, is due to retire on December 15, 2044
  • Patrick Brazeau, appointed by Stephen Harper, is due to retire on November 11, 2049

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Makarenko, Jay (June 1, 2007). "The Canadian Senate: Role, Powers & Operation". MapleLeafWeb. Retrieved November 24, 2008. 
  2. ^ a b c "A Legislative and Historical Overview of the Senate of Canada". Parliament of Canada. May 2001. Retrieved November 24, 2008. 
  3. ^ "Western premiers urge further Senate reform". The Globe and Mail. May 30, 2006. Retrieved November 24, 2008. 
  4. ^ Knox, Jack (November 27, 2008). "Barack hasn't called, so I'm aiming for Canadian Senate seat". Times-Colonist. Retrieved November 27, 2008. 
  5. ^ "Women in the Senate". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved June 21, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Senators: 42nd Parliament of Canada". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved 2015-11-05. 
  7. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/justin-trudeau-removes-senators-from-liberal-caucus-1.2515273
  8. ^ a b "Trudeau’s expulsion catches Liberal senators by surprise". Globe and Mail. January 29, 2014. Retrieved January 29, 2014.