List of current Maraji

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This article provides the list of Maraji (plural of Marja, the supreme legal authority or the source of emulation), followed by Twelver (also known as Imamiyyah) Shia Muslims around the world. The concept of a Marja-i Taqlid (lit. source of emulation) is central to Usuli Shi'a Islam.[1] Marja-i Taqlids provide religious interpretations on matters of law and rituals.[2][3] Ideally, the most just and knowledgeable specialist in the field of the Islamic law should become recognized throughout the Muslim world as the Marja-i Taqlid. In practice however this rarely happens and there are several marja taqlids among whom an individual is free to choose and emulate.[2][3]

Those clerics who reach the apex in the hirerachy of theological rank in the centers of Shi'a learning become Marja-i Taqlids.[2][4] Since around 1940, Marja-i Taqlids are often referred to by their followers with the honorific title of Ayatollah al-`Uzma (Grand Ayatollah).[2] Among the functions of Marja-i Taqlids is the collection and distribution of religious taxes (zakat and khums).[2][3]

Current[edit]

Note: The list contains those Ayatollahs who have published a resalah, regardless of the number of followers they have. This list is just for sake of reference and should not be accepted as proof of Marjaiyat for enlisted candidates. To choose & decide Marja for religious purposes please refer to the Shia-Islamic Codifix, Sources and People of Knowledge (i.e. Ahle-e-Khoboor). The general consensus on the standard by which a believer chooses the marja he/she wishes to follow requires (among other things) that the marja be the most knowledgeable Shi'i mujtahid in all fields. However, the assessment of the most knowledgeable scholar (alam) is subjective among experts in the field.

The names are ordered by age (from Oldest to youngest).

No Image Name Birth Year
CE[5]
Birth Year
AH[5]
Birth Place Education Residence Website Notes
1 Lotfollal Safi Golpayegani 1.jpg Lotfollah Saafi Golpaygani - لطف الله صافی گلپایگانی (1919-02-18) 18 February 1919 (age 102) 1337 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
2 Vahid Khorasani mourns for Imam Ali (cropped).jpg Hossein Vahid Khorasani - حسين وحيد خراساني (1921-01-01) 1 January 1921 (age 101) 1339 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
3 شمس الدین مجتهدی نجفی.jpg Shamsodin Mujtahidi Najafi - الشمس الدين مجتهدى نجفى (1923-04-17) 17 April 1923 (age 98) 1341 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq
Iran Iran
Iran Iran Official Website -
4 Ayatollah Hossein Nooro Hamedani by Tasnimnews 02 (cropped).jpg Hossein Noori Hamedani - حسين نوري همداني 1925 (age 96–97) 1343 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
5 AyatollahRohani.jpg Sayyid Mohammad Sadeq Hosayni Rouhani - السيد محمد صادق حسيني روحاني (1926-07-16) 16 July 1926 (age 95) 1344 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
6 Naser Makarem Shirazi 2016 (cropped).jpg Naser Makarem Shirazi - ناصر مكارم شيرازي (1927-02-25) 25 February 1927 (age 94) 1345 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Iran Iran Official Website -
7 Grand Ayatollah Mousa Zanjani 3 (cropped).jpg Sayyid Mousa Shubayri Zanjani - السيد موسى شبيري زنجانی (1928-03-02) 2 March 1928 (age 93) 1346 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
8 عباس محفوظی سهیل.jpg Abbas Mahfouzi - عباس محفوظی 1928 (age 93–94) 1346 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
9 Ayatollah Rahmati Sirjani.jpg Mohammad Rahmati Sirjani - محمد رحمتی سیرجانی 1928 (age 93–94) 1346 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
10 Ja'far Sobhani جعفر سبحانی 04.jpg Ja‘far Sobhani - جعفر سبحاني (1929-04-08) 8 April 1929 (age 92) 1347 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
11 Ali Sistani edit1.jpg Sayyid Ali Husayni al-Sistani - السيد علي الحسيني السيستاني (1930-08-04) 4 August 1930 (age 91) 1348 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Iraq Iraq Official Website[6] -
12 Eshaq fayyaz.jpg Mohammad Ishaq al-Fayadh - محمد إسحاق فياض 1930 (age 91–92) 1348 Afghanistan Afghanistan Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
13 Ayatollah Taqi Majlesi Isfahani.jpg Muhammad Taqi Majlesi Isfahani - محمد تقى مجلسى اصفهانى 1930 (age 91–92) 1348 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Iran Iran Official Website [7]
14 Ayatollah Najafi.jpg Muhammad Hussain Najafi - محمد حسين النجفي (1932-04-10) 10 April 1932 (age 89) 1350 IndiaBritish India Pakistan Pakistan
Iraq Iraq
Pakistan Pakistan Official website -
15 Abdollah Javadi-Amoli 01.jpg Abdollah Javadi-Amoli - عبدالله جوادى آملى (1933-05-05) 5 May 1933 (age 88) 1351 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
16 Grand Ayatollah Hossein Mazaheri.jpeg Hossein Mazaheri - حسين مظاهري (1933-11-16) 16 November 1933 (age 88) 1352 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
17 Ayatollah Ebrahim Jannati.jpg Mohammad Ebrahim Jannaati - محمد ابراهيم جناتی 1933 (age 88–89) 1351 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
19 Ayatollah Dastegheib Shirazi.jpg Sayyid Ali Mohammad Dastgheib Shirazi - السيد علی محمد دستغیب شيرازي (1935-03-14) 14 March 1935 (age 86) 1353 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Iran Iran Official Website -
20 Ayatollah Yadollah Duzduzani.jpg Mirza Yadollah Duzduzani - ميرزا يدالله دوزدوزاني 1935 (age 86–87) 1354 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
21 Ayatollah Shamsodin Vaezi.jpg Shamsodin Vaezi - شمس الدين الواعظي 1936 (age 85–86) 1355 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
22 Personal picture for Sheikh Isa Qassim.jpg Isa Ahmed Qassim - عيسى احمد قاسم (1937-01-01) 1 January 1937 (age 85) 1355 Bahrain Bahrain Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Iraq Iraq Official Website -
23 عکس آیت الله محمد علی گرامی.jpg Mohammad Ali Gerami Qomi - محمدعلى گرامى قمي 1938 (age 83–84) 1357 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
24 Ayatollah Kazem Haeri.jpg Sayyid Kazim Hussaini al-Haeri - السيد كاظم حسيني حائري 1938 (age 83–84) 1356 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
25 Ayatollah Mahdi Khalesi.jpg Mohammad Mehdi Khalesi - محمد مهدي الخالصي 1938 (age 83–84) 1357 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [Official Website] -
26 Portrait of Ali Khamenei, October 2016).jpg Sayyid Ali Hoseyni Khamenei - السيد علي حسيني خامنه اي (1939-04-19) 19 April 1939 (age 82) 1358 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Lebanon Lebanon
Iran Iran Official Website -
27 Ayatollah Rahimi Azad.jpg Ali Asghar Rahimi Azad - علی اصغر رحیمی آزاد 1939 (age 82–83) 1358 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
28 سید محمدعلی علوی گرگانی از مراجع تقلید شهر قم (علمای شیعه) ایران 14 (cropped).jpg Sayyid Mohammad Alavi Ali Hosseini Gorgani - السيد محمد على علوى حسينى گرگانى 1940 (age 81–82) 1359 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
29 Yasubedin Rastegar Jooybari.jpg Sheikh Yasubedin Rastegar Jooybari - الشيخ يعسوب الدين رستگار جويبارى 1940 (age 81–82) 1359 Iran Iran

Iran Iran

Iran Iran Official Website -
30 Ayatollah Tahir khaqani.jpg Mohammad Mohammad Taher Aleshobair Khaqani - محمد محمد طاهــــر آل شبيـر الخاقانـــــي 1940 (age 81–82) 1359 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
31 Ayatollah Shaykh Khalil Qudsi Mehr Tabrizi.jpeg Sheikh Khalil Qudsi Mher Tabrezi - الشيخ الخليل قدسى مهر تبريزى 1940 (age 81–82) 1359 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official website [8]
32 اسدالله بیات زنجانی Asadollah Bayat-Zanjani 10 (cropped).jpg Asadollah Bayyat Zanjani - اسدالله بیات زنجانی (1941-12-23) 23 December 1941 (age 80) 1360 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
33 Ayatollah Dosti Zanjani.jpg Dosti Zanjani - دوستى زنجانى 1941 (age 80–81) 1360 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website [citation needed]
34 Sayed Sadiq Shirazi.jpg Sayyid Sadiq Hussaini Shirazi - السيد صادق حسيني شيرازي (1941-08-20) 20 August 1941 (age 80) 1361 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
35 Grand Ayatollah Bashir al-Najafi.jpg Bashir Hussain Najafi - بشير حسين النجفي 1942 (age 79–80) 1361 India British India Pakistan Pakistan
Iraq Iraq
Iraq Iraq Official Website -
36 Ayatollah Sayyid Raghib AleKamooneh Hosseini.jpg Sayyid Raghib AleKamooneh Hosseini - السيد راغب آل كمونة الحسيني 1942 (age 79–80) 1360 Iraq Iraq Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Iraq Iraq Biography -
37 Sheikh Noori Hatim Saadi - الشيخ نوري حاتم الساعدي 1944 (age 77–78) 1362 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq - -
38 Muhammadtaghi modarresi.jpg Sayyid Mohammad Taqi al-Modarresi - السيد محمد تقي المدرسي (1945-07-01) 1 July 1945 (age 76) 1364 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
39 سید علی اصغر دستغیب.jpg Sayyid Ali Asghar Dastgheib - سید علی‌اصغر دستغیب (1945-11-25) 25 November 1945 (age 76) 1364 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
40 Ayatollah Hassan Baghdadi.jpg Sayyid Ahmad Hassani Baghdadi - السيد احمد الحسني البغدادي 1945 (age 76–77) 1364 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
41 Ayatollah Allaedin Ghoraifi.jpg Sayyid Allaedin Ghoraifi - السيد علاء الدين الغريفي 1945 (age 76–77) 1364 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
42 Ayatollah zanjani m.jpg Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini Zanjani - السید محمد حسینی زنجانی 1947 (age 74–75) 1366 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
43 Ayatollah Saleh Taei.jpg Saleh Taei - صالح الطائي 1948 (age 73–74) 1367 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
44 Ali Al-Saleh - علي الصالح 1948 (age 73–74) 1367 Kuwait Kuwait Iran Iran Kuwait Kuwait -
45 Ayatollah Nekunam.jpg Mohammad Reza Nekoonam - محمد رضا نکونام (1949-01-09) 9 January 1949 (age 73) 1368 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
46 سید محمد جواد علوی بروجردی (6).jpg Sayyid Mohammad Jawad Alavi Borojerdi - السيد محمد جواد علوى بروجردى (1951-04-16) 16 April 1951 (age 70) 1370 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
47 Ayatollah Mohammad Amin Mamqani.jpg Mohammad Amin Mamaqani - محمد أمين المامقاني (1951-06-10) 10 June 1951 (age 70) 1371 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography Official Website -
48 Ayatollah Kashani.jpg Khalil Mobasher Kashani - خلیل مبشر کاشانی 1951 (age 70–71) 1370 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
49 Ayatollah Jawad Khalesi.jpeg Sheikh Jawad Khalesi - الشيخ جواد الخالصى 1951 (age 70–71) 1370 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [Official Website] -
50 Ayatollah Esmael Al Sadr.jpg Sayyid Hussein Esmaeel al-Sadr - السيد حسين إسماعيل الصدر 1952 (age 69–70) 1371 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
51 Fadel al-Maliki 2.jpg Fazel Maleki - فاضل المالكي (1954-04-08) 8 April 1954 (age 67) 1372 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
52 Ayatollah Ali Hassani Baghdadi.jpg Sayyid Ali Hassani Baghdadi - السيد علي الحسني البغدادي 1955 (age 66–67) 1374 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
53 عکس آیت الله یثربی.jpg Sayyid Mohammad Yasrebi - السيد محمد يثربى 1955 (age 66–67) 1374 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website [9]
54 Sayyidalhaydari.jpg Sayyid Kamal Haydari - سيد كمال الحيدري (1956-01-01) 1 January 1956 (age 66) 1375 Iraq Iraq Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Iran Iran Official Website [10]
55 Ayatollah Ghazanfari Khansari.jpg Sayyid Mohammad Hadi Ghazanfari Khansari - السيد محمد هادي غضنفري خوانساري 1957 (age 64–65) 1376 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography -
56 Sayyid Muhsin Hojjat Kabuli - السيد محسن حجت كابلى 1957 (age 64–65) 1376 Afghanistan Afghanistan Iran Iran Afghanistan Afghanistan Official Website [11]
57 Seyyed Mohammad Amin Khorasani enrolls for the Assembly of Experts elections 13940927.jpg Sayyid Mohammad Amin Khorasani - السيد محمد أمين خراسانى (1958-02-09) 9 February 1958 (age 63) 1376 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
58 Yaqoobi 1434 Fatimya speech.jpg Mohammad Yaqoobi - محمد اليعقوبي (1960-09-09) 9 September 1960 (age 61) 1379 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
59 Hossein Nassab14.jpg Sayyid Reza Hosseini Nassab - السيد رضا حسيني نسب 1960 (age 61–62) 1380 Iran Iran Iran Iran Canada Canada Official Website [12][13]
60 Ayatollah Qasem Taei.jpg Qasem Taei - قاسم الطائي 1960 (age 61–62) 1379 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
61 Ayatollah Movahedi Najafi.jpg Mohammad Baqer Movahedi Najafi - محمد باقر موحدى نجفى 1961 (age 60–61) 1381 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq
Iran Iran
Iran Iran Official Website -
62 Ayatollah Shaykh Muhammad al-Sannad.png Sheikh Mohammad Sannad - الشيخ محمد السند 1962 (age 59–60) 1382 Bahrain Bahrain Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Official Website -
63 السيد محمود الصرخي الحسني.JPG Sayyid Mahmoud Hassani Sorkhi - السيد محمود الحسني الصرخي (1964-12-01) 1 December 1964 (age 57) 1383 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -

Deceased[edit]

See: List of deceased Maraji

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pike, John. "Twelvers / Ithna Ashari Islamic Schools of Thought". www.globalsecurity.org.
  2. ^ a b c d e Lara Deeb, An Enchanted Modern: Gender and Public Piety in Shi'i Lebanon, Princeton University Press, pp.69-70
  3. ^ a b c Michael W. Suleiman,Arabs in America: Building a New Future, p.55, Temple University Press
  4. ^ Linda S. Walbridge, The Most Learned of the Shiʻa: The Institution of the Marjaʻ Taqlid, Oxford University Press, p.217
  5. ^ a b The abbreviation CE refers to the Common Era solar calendar, while AH refers to the Islamic Hijri lunar calendar.
  6. ^ "Biography". Archived from the original on 2010-12-28.
  7. ^ "برچسب مرجع تقلید مراجع عظام - مرجعیت شیعه". baktashienews.blogsky.com.
  8. ^ "List of Maraji (2017)". Archived from the original on 2018-08-19. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  9. ^ "Another list of Maraji (2017)". Archived from the original on 2018-08-19. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  10. ^ "پایگاه اطلاع رسانی دفتر حضرت آیت الله العظمی سید کمال حیدری". alhaydari.com.
  11. ^ "مجموع مراجع الشيعة الأحياء لبداية 2017م مع محل سكناهم ومواقعهم الالكترونية". منتديات يا حسين.
  12. ^ "Seyed Reza Hosseini Nassab". Archived from the original on 2011-06-13.
  13. ^ Islamopedia[permanent dead link] Ayatollah Hosseini Nassab.

External links[edit]