List of current Maraji

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This article provides the list of Maraji (plural of Marja, the supreme legal authority or the source of emulation), followed by Twelver (also known as Imamiyyah) Shia Muslims around the world. The concept of a Marja-i Taqlid (lit. source of emulation) is central to Usuli Shi'a Islam.[1] Marja-i Taqlids provide religious interpretations on matters of law and rituals.[2][3] Ideally, the most just and knowledgeable specialist in the field of the Islamic law should become recognized throughout the Muslim world as the Marja-i Taqlid. In practice however this rarely happens and there are several marja taqlids among whom an individual is free to choose and emulate.[2][3]

Those clerics who reach the apex in the hirerachy of theological rank in the centers of Shi'a learning become Marja-i Taqlids.[2][4] Since around 1940, Marja-i Taqlids are often referred to by their followers with the honorific title of Ayatollah al-`Uzma (Grand Ayatollah).[2] Among the functions of Marja-i Taqlids is the collection and distribution of religious taxes (zakat and khums).[2][3]

Current[edit]

Note: The list contains those Ayatollahs who have published a resalah, regardless of the number of followers they have. This list is just for sake of reference and should not be accepted as proof of Marjaiyat for enlisted candidates. To choose & decide Marja for religious purposes please refer to the Shia-Islamic Codifix, Sources and People of Knowledge (i.e. Ahle-e-Khoboor). The general consensus on the standard by which a believer chooses the marja he/she wishes to follow requires (among other things) that the marja be the most knowledgeable shi'i mujtahid in all fields. However, the assessment of the most knowledgeable scholar (alam) is subjective among experts in the field.

The names are ordered alphabetically (by common name of mujtahids).

No Image Name Birth Year
CE[5]
Birth Year
AH[5]
Birth Place Education Residence Website Notes
1 سید محمدعلی علوی گرگانی از مراجع تقلید شهر قم (علمای شیعه) ایران 14 (cropped).jpg Alavi Gorgani - علوى گرگانى
Sayyid Mohammad Alavi Ali Hosseini Gorgani
السيد محمد على علوى حسينى گرگانى
1926 1344 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
2 Ayatollah Hassan Baghdadi.jpg Baghdadi - بغدادي
Sayyid Ahmad Hassani Baghdadi
السيد احمد الحسني البغدادي
1944 1363 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
3 Baghdadi - بغدادي
Sayyid Ali Hassani Baghdadi
السيد علي الحسني البغدادي
1954 1373 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [Official Website] -
4 Hashem Bathaie Golpayenagi.jpg Bathaei Golpayegani - بطحایی گلپایگانی
Sayyid Hashem Bathaei Golpayegani
السيد هاشم بطحایی گلپایگانی
1941 1360 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
5 اسدالله بیات زنجانی Asadollah Bayat-Zanjani 10 (cropped).jpg Bayat Zanjani - بیات زنجانی
Asadollah Bayyat Zanjani
اسدالله بیات زنجانی
1942 1361 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
6 Ayatollah Dastegheib Shirazi.jpg Dastgheib Shirazi - دستغیب شيرازي
Sayyid Ali Mohammad Dastgheib Shirazi
السيد علی محمد دستغیب شيرازي
1935 1353 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Iran Iran Official Website -
7 Ayatollah Yadollah Duzduzani.jpg Duzduzani - دوزدوزاني
Mirza Yadollah Duzduzani
ميرزا يدالله دوزدوزاني
1935 1354 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
8 Esmailpour Qomsheiy - اسماعيلپور قمشه اي
Mohammad Ali Esmailpour Qomsheiy
محمد علي اسماعيلپور قمشه اي
1940 1359 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
9 Eshaq fayyaz.jpg Fayadh - فياض
Mohammad Ishaq al-Fayadh
محمد إسحاق فياض
1930 1348 Afghanistan Afghanistan Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
10 عکس آیت الله محمد علی گرامی.jpg Gerami Qomi - گرامى قمي
Mohammad Ali Gerami Qomi
محمدعلى گرامى قمي
1938 1357 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
11 Ayatollah Ghazanfari Khansari.jpg Ghazanfari Khansari - غضنفري خوانساري
Sayyid Mohammad Hadi Ghazanfari Khansari
السيد محمد هادي غضنفري خوانساري
1957 1376 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography -
12 Ayatollah Gharavi Aliari.jpg Gharavi Aliari - غروي علياري
Mirza Javad Gharavi Aliari
ميرزا جواد غروي علياري
1935 1353 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
13 Ayatollah Allaedin Ghoraifi.jpg Ghoraifi - غريفي
Sayyid Allaedin Ghoraifi
السيد علاء الدين الغريفي
1945 1364 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
14 Ayatollah Kazem Haeri.jpg Haeri - حائري
Sayyid Kazim Hussaini al-Haeri
السيد كاظم حسيني حائري
1938 1356 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
15 Muhammed Saied Al-Hakeem.JPG Hakeem - حكيم
Sayyid Mohammad Sa'eed Tabatabai al-Hakeem
السيد محمد سعيد الطباطبائي الحكيم
1936 1354 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
16 Hassan Hassan Zadeh Amoli.jpg Hasanzadeh Amoli - حسن زاده آملى
Hassan Hasanzadeh Amoli
حسن حسن زاده آملى
1928 1346 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran [Official Website] -
17 Sayyidalhaydari.jpg Haydari- حيدري
Sayyid Kamal Haydari
سيد كمال الحيدري
1945 1364 Iraq Iraq Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Iran Iran Official Website -
18 Hossein Nassab14.jpg Hosseini Nassab - حسيني نسب
Sayyid Reza Hosseini Nassab
السيد رضا حسيني نسب
1960 1380 Iran Iran Iran Iran Canada Canada Official Website [6][7]
19 Ayatollah Ebrahim Jannati.jpg Jannaati - جناتی
Mohammad Ebrahim Jannaati
محمد ابراهيم جناتی
1932 1350 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
20 Abdollah Javadi-Amoli 01.jpg Javadi Amoli - جوادى آملى
Abdollah Javadi-Amoli
عبدالله جوادى آملى
1933 1352 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
21 Yasubedin Rastegar Jooybari.jpg Jooybari - جويبارى
Syed Yasubedin Rastegar Jooybari
السيد يعسوب الدين رستغار جويبارى
1927 1346 Iran Iran

Iran Iran

Iran Iran Official Website -
22 Mohaqeq-kabuli.jpg Kaboli - كابلى
Mohaqeq Kaboli
محقق كابلى
1928 1346 AfghanistanAfghanistan AfghanistanAfghanistan
IraqIraq
AfghanistanAfghanistan Official Website -
23 Ayatollah Mahdi Khalesi.jpg Khalesi - خالصي
Mohammad Mehdi Khalesi
محمد مهدي الخالصي
1938 1357 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [Official Website] -
24 Portrait of Ali Khamenei, October 2016).jpg Khamenei - خامنه اي
Sayyid Ali Hoseyni Khamenei
السيد علي حسيني خامنه اي
1939 1358 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Lebanon Lebanon
Iran Iran Official Website -
25 Ayatollah Tahir khaqani.jpg Khaqani - خاقاني
Mohammad Mohammad Taher Aleshobair Khaqani
محمد محمد طاهــــر آل شبيـر الخاقانـــــي
1940 1359 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [Official Website] -
26 Khorasani - خراسانى
Sayyid Abdul Jawad Alam ul-Huda Khorasani
السيد عبدالجواد علم الهدى خراسانى
1941 1359 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran [Official Website] [8]
27 Ayatollah Abbass Mahfouzi.jpg Mahfouzi - محفوظی
Abbas Mahfouzi
عباس محفوظی
1928 1346 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
28 Majlesi Isfahani - مجلسى اصفهانى
Muhammad Taqi Majlesi Isfahani
محمد تقى مجلسى اصفهانى
Iran Iran Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Iran Iran Official Website [9]
29 Naser Makarem Shirazi 6 June 2016 (2)).jpg Makarem Shirazi - مكارم شيرازي
Naser Makarem Shirazi
ناصر مكارم شيرازي
1927 1345 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Iran Iran Official Website -
30 Fadel al-Maliki 2.jpg Maleki - مالكي
Fazel Maleki
فاضل المالكي
1953 1372 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
31 Mamaqani - مامقاني
Mohammad Amin Mamaqani
محمد أمين المامقاني
1952 1371 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography -
32 Ayatollah Hossein Mazaheri.jpg Mazaheri - مظاهري
Hossein Mazaheri
حسين مظاهري
1934 1352 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
33 Ayatollah Kashani.jpg Mobasher Kashani - مبشر کاشانی
Khalil Mobasher Kashani
خلیل مبشر کاشانی
1951 1370 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
34 Muhammadtaghi modarresi.jpg Modaressi - مدرسي
Sayyid Mohammad Taqi al-Modarresi
السيد محمد تقي المدرسي
1945 1364 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [Official Website] -
35 Modaressi Yazdi - مدرسي يزدي
Sayyid Abbas Moddaresi Yazdi
السيد عباس مدرسي يزدي
1945 1364 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
36 Jazayeri.jpg Mousavi Jazayeri - موسوی جزایری
Sayyid Mohammad Ali Moosavi Jazayeri
السید محمد علی موسوی جزایری
1941 1360 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Iran Iran Official Website -
37 Ayatollah Mohseni.jpg Mohseni - محسني
Mohammad Asif Mohseni
محمد آصف محسني
1936 1354 Afghanistan Afghanistan Iraq Iraq Afghanistan Afghanistan [Official Website]
38 Muayed - المؤيد
Sheikh Hussein Muayed
الشيخ حسين المؤيد
1965 1385 Oman Oman Iran Iran

Oman Oman

[Official Website] [10]
39 Ayatollah Movahedi Najafi.jpg Movahedi Najafi - موحدى نجفى
Mohammad Baqer Movahedi Najafi
محمد باقر موحدى نجفى
1961 1381 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq
Iran Iran
Iran Iran Official Website
40 Ayatullah Bashir Hussain Najafi.jpg Najafi - نجفي
Bashir Hussain Najafi
بشير حسين النجفي
1942 1361 India British India Pakistan Pakistan
Iraq Iraq
Iraq Iraq Official Website -
41 Ayatollah Najafi.jpg Najafi - نجفي
Muhammad Hussain Najafi
محمد حسين النجفي
1932 1350 IndiaBritish India Pakistan Pakistan
Iraq Iraq
Pakistan Pakistan [Official website] -
42 Ayatollah Mujtahidi Najafi.jpg Najafi - نجفى
Shamsodin Mujtahidi Najafi
الشمس الدين مجتهدى نجفى
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq
Iran Iran
Iran Iran Official Website
43 Ayatollah Nekunam.jpg Nekoonam - نکونام
Mohammad Reza Nekoonam
محمد رضا نکونام
1948 1367 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
44 Ayatollah Hossein Nooro Hamedani by Tasnimnews 02 (cropped).jpg Noori Hamedani - نوري همداني
Hossein Noori Hamedani
حسين نوري همداني
1926 1344 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
45 Personal picture for Sheikh Isa Qassim.jpg Qassem - قاسم
Isa Ahmed Qassim
عيسى احمد قاسم
1937 1355 Bahrain Bahrain Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Bahrain Bahrain Official Website -
46 Ayatollah Rahimi Azad.jpg Rahimi Azad - رحیمی آزاد
Ali Asghar Rahimi Azad
علی اصغر رحیمی آزاد
1939 1358 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
47 Ayatollah Rahmati Sirjani.jpg Rahmati Sirjani - رحمتی سیرجانی
Mohammad Rahmati Sirjani
محمد رحمتی سیرجانی
1928 1347 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
48 AyatollahRohani.jpg Rouhani - روحاني
Sayyid Mohammad Sadeq Hosayni Rouhani
السيد محمد صادق حسيني روحاني
1926 1344 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
49 Lotfollal Safi Golpayegani 1.jpg Saafi Golpaygani - صافی گلپایگانی
Lotfollah Saafi Golpaygani
لطف الله صافی گلپایگانی
1919 1337 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran [Official Website] -
50 Ayatollah Sanei.jpg Saanei - صانعي
Yousuf Saan'ei
يوسف صانعي
1937 1355 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
51 Sadouqi Mazandarani - صدوقی مازندرانی
Morteza Sadouqi Mazandarani
مرتضی صدوقی مازندرانی
1946 1365 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
52 Ayatollah Esmael Al Sadr.jpg Sadr - صدر
Sayyid Hussein Esmaeel al-Sadr
السيد حسين إسماعيل الصدر
1952 1371 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
53 Saleh - صالح
Ali Al-Saleh
علي الصالح
1948 1367 Kuwait Kuwait Iran Iran Kuwait Kuwait -
54 Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi in Qom.jpg Shahroudi - شاهرودي
Sayyid Mahmouad Hashemi Shahroudi
السيد محمود شاهرودي
1948 1367 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
55 Muhammad shahroudi.jpg Shahroudi - شاهرودي
Sayyid Mohammad Shahroudi
السيد محمد شاهرودي
1925 1343 Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
56 Ayatollah Mazhar Ali Shirazi.jpg Shirazi - شيرازى
Sayyid Mazhar Ali Shirazi
السيد مظهر على شيرازى
Pakistan Pakistan

Iran Iran

Pakistan Pakistan [Official Website] -
57 Shirazi - شيرازى
Mohammad Ali Shirazi
محمد على شيرازى
1948 1367 Iraq Iraq

Iraq Iraq

Iran Iran [Official Website] -
58 Grand Ayatollah Sadiq Hussaini Shirazi.jpg Shirazi - شيرازي
Sayyid Sadiq Hussaini Shirazi
السيد صادق حسيني شيرازي
1942 1361 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
59 Shobeiri-zanjani.jpg Shubairi Zanjani - شبيري زنجانی
Sayyid Mousa Shubayri Zanjani
السيد موسى شبيري زنجانی
1927 1345 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
60 Ali Sistani edit1.jpg Sistani - سيستاني
Sayyid Ali Husayni al-Sistani
السيد علي الحسيني السيستاني
1930 1348 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Iraq Iraq Official Website[11] -
61 Ja'far Sobhani جعفر سبحانی 04.jpg Sobhani - سبحاني
Ja'far Sobhani
جعفر سبحاني
1928 1346 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
62 السيد محمود الصرخي الحسني.JPG Sorkhi - صرخي
Sayyid Mahmoud Hassani Sorkhi
السيد محمود الحسني الصرخي
1964 1383 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
63 Ayatollah Qasem Taei.jpg Taei - طائي
Qasem Taei
قاسم الطائي
1960 1379 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
64 Ayatollah Saleh Taei.jpg Taei - طائي
Saleh Taei
صالح الطائي
1958 1377 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
65 Ayatollah Shamsodin Vaezi.jpg Vaezi - واعظي
Shamsodin Vaezi
شمس الدين الواعظي
1936 1355 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
66 Vahid Khorasani mourns for Imam Ali (cropped).jpg Vahid Khorasani - وحيد خراساني
Hossein Vahid Khorasani
حسين وحيد خراساني
1921 1339 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
67 Yaqoobi 1434 Fatimya speech.jpg Yaqoobi - يعقوبي
Mohammad Yaqoobi
محمد اليعقوبي
1960 1379 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
68 Ayatollah zanjani m.jpg Zanjani - زنجانی
Sayyid Mohammad Hosseini Zanjani
السید محمد حسینی زنجانی
1947 1366 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -

Deceased[edit]

See: List of deceased Maraji

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pike, John. "Twelvers / Ithna Ashari Islamic Schools of Thought". www.globalsecurity.org. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Lara Deeb, An Enchanted Modern: Gender and Public Piety in Shi'i Lebanon, Princeton University Press, pp.69-70
  3. ^ a b c Michael W. Suleiman,Arabs in America: Building a New Future, p.55, Temple University Press
  4. ^ Linda S. Walbridge, The Most Learned of the Shiʻa: The Institution of the Marjaʻ Taqlid, Oxford University Press, p.217
  5. ^ a b The abbreviation CE refers to the Common Era solar calendar, while AH refers to the Islamic Hijri lunar calendar.
  6. ^ "Seyed Reza Hosseini Nassab". Archived from the original on 2011-06-13. 
  7. ^ Islamopedia[permanent dead link], Ayatollah Hosseini Nassab.
  8. ^ List Of Maraji (2)
  9. ^ List Of Maraji
  10. ^ List Of Maraji in Arabic
  11. ^ "Biography". Archived from the original on 2010-12-28. 

External links[edit]