List of leaders of dependent territories

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This is a list of leaders of dependent territories. A dependent territory is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside of the controlling state's integral area.[1] This latter condition distinguishes a dependent territory from an autonomous region or administrative division, which forms an integral part of the 'parent' state.

The majority of the world's dependent territories are legacies of nineteenth and twentieth century colonial empires.[2] This list divides the world's inhabited dependent territories roughly into half: those which are dependencies of Commonwealth nations, formerly members of the British Empire and all of which have Queen Elizabeth II as head of state; and the remainder. Governors, managers or wardens of uninhabited dependent territories are excluded.

Leaders of dependent Commonwealth territories[edit]

State Government Head of state UK Head of government
 Anguilla Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Christina Scott Chief Minister Victor Banks
 Bermuda Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor George Fergusson Premier Michael Dunkley
 British Virgin Islands Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor John Duncan Premier Orlando Smith
 Cayman Islands Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Helen Kilpatrick Premier Alden McLaughlin
 Christmas Island Non-self-governing dependency Queen Elizabeth II of Australia, represented by Administrator Barry Haase
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands Non-self-governing dependency Queen Elizabeth II of Australia, represented by Administrator Barry Haase
 Cook Islands Parliamentary democracy in free-association with New Zealand Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand, represented by Queen's Representative (not otherwise styled) Tom Marsters Prime Minister Henry Puna
 Falkland Islands Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Colin Roberts Chief Executive Keith Padgett
 Gibraltar Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Edward Davis Chief Minister Fabian Picardo
 Guernsey Crown dependency Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (as Duke of Normandy), represented by Lieutenant-Governor Ian Corder Bailiff Sir Richard Collas
President Gavin St. Pier
 Jersey Crown dependency Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (as Duke of Normandy), represented by Lieutenant-Governor Sir John McColl Bailiff Michael Birt
Chief Minister Ian Gorst
 Isle of Man Crown dependency Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (as Lord of Mann), represented by Lieutenant-Governor Sir Richard Gozney Chief Minister Allan Bell
 Montserrat Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Elizabeth Carriere Premier Donaldson Romeo
 Niue Parliamentary democracy in free-association with New Zealand Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand, represented by High Commissioner Ross Ardern Premier Toke Talagi
 Norfolk Island Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of Australia, represented by Administrator Gary Hardgrave self-government abolished in 2015
 Pitcairn Islands Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Jonathan Sinclair Mayor Shawn Christian
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Non-self-governing dependency Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Lisa Phillips
 Tokelau Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand, represented by Administrator Jonathan Kings Head of Government Afega Gaualofa
 Turks and Caicos Islands Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Peter Beckingham Premier Rufus Ewing

Leaders of dependent non-Commonwealth territories[edit]

State Government Head of state Head of territory Head of government
 Åland Islands Gubernatorial democracy President Sauli Niinistö of Finland, represented by Governor Peter Lindbäck Premier Katrin Sjögren
 American Samoa Gubernatorial democracy President Barack Obama of the United States Governor Lolo Matalasi Moliga
 Aruba Parliamentary democracy King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, represented by Governor Fredis Refunjol Prime Minister Mike Eman
 Curaçao Parliamentary democracy King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, represented by Governor Lucille George-Wout Prime Minister Ben Whiteman
 Faroe Islands Parliamentary democracy Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, represented by High Commissioner Dan Michael Knudsen Prime Minister Aksel V. Johannesen
 French Polynesia Presidential democracy President François Hollande of France, represented by High Commissioner René Bidal President Édouard Fritch
 Greenland Parliamentary democracy Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, represented by High Commissioner Mikaela Engell Prime Minister Kim Kielsen
 Guam Gubernatorial democracy President Barack Obama of the United States Governor Eddie Calvo
 New Caledonia Parliamentary democracy President François Hollande of France, represented by High Commissioner Thierry Lataste President of the Government Philippe Germain
 Northern Mariana Islands Gubernatorial democracy President Barack Obama of the United States Governor Ralph Torres
 Puerto Rico Democratic State in free-association with United States President Barack Obama of the United States Governor Alejandro García Padilla
 Sint Maarten Parliamentary democracy King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, represented by Governor Eugene Holiday Prime Minister William Marlin
 U.S. Virgin Islands Gubernatorial democracy President Barack Obama of the United States Governor Kenneth Mapp
 Wallis and Futuna Presidential democracy President François Hollande of France, represented by Administrator-Superior Michel Aubouin President of the Territorial Assembly Mikaele Kulimoetoke

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1514
  2. ^ Armstrong, H. W., and R. Read. 2000. “Comparing the Economic Performance of Dependent Territories and Sovereign Microstates”. Economic Development and Cultural Change 48 (2). 285–306. doi:10.1086/452459.