List of current longest-ruling non-royal national leaders

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This list of current longest-ruling non-royal national leaders is a list of the current living longest-ruling heads of nation-states or national governments, excluding royalty, who have served ten years or longer, sorted by length of tenure. Heads of generally recognized sovereign states are ranked by number, while heads of sovereign states with limited international recognition are listed in italics and are not given a numbered rank.

The individuals on the list are not always the most powerful figure in their country's national government. Some are or have been at one time the most powerful figures in their country's national government but not necessarily continuously throughout the listed timespan. Some of them have held more than one national leadership-level office: presidency, prime minister-ship, or some other title implying or widely believed to confer national leadership. When more than one such office exists in a country, there may be uncertainty as to which member of the national government actually has the ultimate power. Therefore, this list combines all national level offices held concurrently or consecutively by each individual leader.

Rank Image Name Age Country Office Tenure began Length of tenure
1.
Paul Biya 2014.png
Paul Biya 88  Cameroon Prime Minister, then President[a] 30 June 1975 45 years, 352 days
2.
Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo at the White House in 2014.jpg
Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo 79  Equatorial Guinea President[b] 3 August 1979 41 years, 318 days
3.
Ali Khamenei portrait 2019.jpg
Ali Khamenei 82  Iran President, then
Supreme Leader[c]
13 October 1981 39 years, 247 days
4.
Denis Sassou Nguesso 2014.png
Denis Sassou Nguesso 77  Republic of the Congo President[d] 8 February 1979 – 31 August 1992 (1st time)
25 October 1997 – present (2nd time)
37 years, 75 days
5.
Hun Sen at 12th ASEM (cropped).jpg
Hun Sen 68  Cambodia Prime Minister[e] 26 December 1984 36 years, 173 days
6.
Yoweri Museveni September 2015.jpg
Yoweri Museveni 76  Uganda President 26 January 1986 35 years, 142 days
7.
Nursultan Nazarbayev at the 2013 Astana Economic Forum (cropped).jpg
Nursultan Nazarbayev 80  Kazakhstan Chairman of the
Security Council,
formerly President[f]
16 December 1991 29 years, 183 days
8.
Emomali Rahmon-1.jpg
Emomali Rahmon 68  Tajikistan De facto Head of State,
then President[g]
19 November 1992 28 years, 210 days
9.
Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki in the Eritrean city of Massawa (cropped).JPG
Isaias Afwerki 75  Eritrea President[h] 24 May 1993 28 years, 24 days
10.
Alexander Lukashenko crop.jpeg
Alexander Lukashenko 66  Belarus President 20 July 1994 26 years, 332 days
11.
Daniel Ortega (cropped).jpg
Daniel Ortega 75  Nicaragua Acting Head of State,
then President[i]
4 March 1981 – 25 April 1990 (1st time)
10 January 2007 – present (2nd time)
23 years, 210 days
12.
Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi 2018.jpg
Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi 76  Samoa Prime Minister 23 November 1998 22 years, 206 days
13.
Ismail Omar Guelleh 2018.jpg
Ismaïl Omar Guelleh 73  Djibouti President 8 May 1999 22 years, 40 days
14.
Vladimir Putin - 2006.jpg
Vladimir Putin 68  Russia Prime Minister, then President[j] 9 August 1999 – 7 May 2000 (1st term as Prime Minister)
8 May 2000 – 7 May 2008 (1st & 2nd terms as president)
8 May 2008 – 7 May 2012 (2nd term as Prime Minister)
7 May 2012 – present (3rd & 4th terms as president)
21 years, 312 days
15.
Keith Mitchell.jpg
Keith Mitchell 74  Grenada Prime Minister 22 June 1995 – 9 July 2008 (1st time)
20 February 2013 – present (2nd time)
21 years, 134 days
16.
Paul Kagame Portrait 2016-10-14.jpg
Paul Kagame 63  Rwanda President 22 April 2000 21 years, 56 days
17.
H.E. Hage Gottfried Geingob (cropped).jpg
Hage Geingob 79  Namibia Prime Minister, then President[k] 21 March 1990 – 28 August 2002 (1st time)
4 December 2012 – present (2nd time)
20 years, 355 days
18.
Bashar al-Assad (cropped).jpg
Bashar al-Assad 55  Syria President 17 July 2000 20 years, 335 days
19.
Ralph Gonsalves.jpg
Ralph Gonsalves 74  Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines
Prime Minister 29 March 2001 20 years, 80 days
20.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 2019 (cropped).jpg
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 67  Turkey Prime Minister, then President[l] 14 March 2003 18 years, 95 days
21.
Ilham Aliyev 2020 (cropped).jpg
Ilham Aliyev 59  Azerbaijan Prime Minister, then President[m] 4 August 2003 17 years, 317 days
22.
Mirziyoyev Kuksaroy.png
Shavkat Mirziyoyev 63  Uzbekistan Prime Minister, then President[n] 12 December 2003 17 years, 187 days
23.
Sheikh Hasina in New York - 2018 (44057292035) (cropped).jpg
Sheikh Hasina 73  Bangladesh Prime Minister 23 June 1996 – 15 July 2001 (1st time)
6 January 2009 – present (2nd time)
17 years, 184 days
24.
RooseveltSkerrit.jpg
Roosevelt Skerrit 49  Dominica Prime Minister 8 January 2004 17 years, 160 days
Mahmoud Abbas 2007.jpg
Mahmoud Abbas 85  Palestine Prime Minister, then President[o] 19 March 2003 – 6 September 2003 (1st time)
15 January 2005 – present (2nd time)
16 years, 324 days
25.
Lee Hsien Loong June 2018.JPG
Lee Hsien Loong 69  Singapore Prime Minister 12 August 2004 16 years, 309 days
26.
Faure Gnassingbé 2014.png
Faure Gnassingbé 55  Togo President[p] 5 February 2005 – 25 February 2005 (1st time)
4 May 2005 – present (2nd time)
16 years, 64 days
27.
Angela Merkel. Tallinn Digital Summit.jpg
Angela Merkel 66  Germany Federal Chancellor 22 November 2005 15 years, 207 days
28.
Viktor Orbán 2018.jpg
Viktor Orbán 58  Hungary Prime Minister 6 July 1998 – 27 May 2002 (1st time)
29 May 2010 – present (2nd time)
14 years, 344 days
29.
Frank Bainimarama November 2014.jpg
Frank Bainimarama 67  Fiji Acting Head of State,
then Prime Minister[q]
29 May 2000 – 13 July 2000 (1st time)
5 December 2006 – present (2nd time)
14 years, 239 days
30.
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow.jpg
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow 63  Turkmenistan President[r] 21 December 2006 14 years, 178 days
31.
A. Ouattara.jpg
Alassane Ouattara 79  Côte d'Ivoire Prime Minister, then President[s] 7 November 1990 – 9 December 1993 (1st time)
4 December 2010 – present (2nd time)
13 years, 227 days
32.
The former President of Sri Lanka, Mr. Mahinda Rajapaksa meeting the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, in New Delhi on September 12, 2018 (cropped).JPG
Mahinda Rajapaksa 75  Sri Lanka Prime Minister[t] 6 April 2004 – 19 November 2005 (1st term as Prime Minister)
19 November 2005 – 9 January 2015 (Term as president)
26 October 2018 – 15 December 2018 (2nd disputed term as Prime Minister)[u]
21 November 2019 – present (3rd term as Prime Minister)
12 years, 171 days
33.
Ueli Maurer2018.jpg
Ueli Maurer 70   Switzerland Federal Council Member,
formerly President[v]
1 January 2009 12 years, 167 days
34.
Secretary Pompeo Meets With President Macky Sall in Dakar (49554060831) (cropped).jpg
Macky Sall 59  Senegal Prime Minister, then President[w] 21 April 2004 – 19 June 2007 (1st time)
2 April 2012 – present (2nd time)
12 years, 135 days
35.
Miloš Zeman březen 2015.JPG
Miloš Zeman 76  Czech Republic Prime Minister, then President[x] 22 July 1998 – 15 July 2002 (1st time)
8 March 2013 – present (2nd time)
12 years, 94 days
36.
President Azali Assoumani.jpg
Azali Assoumani 62  Comoros President[y] 30 April 1999 – 21 January 2002 (1st time)
6 May 2002 – 26 May 2006 (2nd time)
26 May 2016 – present (3rd time)
11 years, 308 days
37.
Borut Pahor (cropped).jpg
Borut Pahor 57  Slovenia Prime Minister, then President[z] 21 November 2008 – 10 February 2012 (1st time)
22 December 2012 – present (2nd time)
11 years, 258 days
38.
Ali Bongo - allocution du 21 mars 2020 (cropped).jpg
Ali Bongo Ondimba 62  Gabon President 16 October 2009 11 years, 244 days
Arayik Harutyunyan.png
Arayik Harutyunyan 47  Artsakh Prime Minister, then President[aa] 14 September 2007 – 25 September 2017 (1st time)
21 May 2020 – present (2nd time)
11 years, 38 days
39.
Mark Rutte 2015 (1).jpg
Mark Rutte 54  Netherlands Prime Minister 14 October 2010 10 years, 246 days
40.
Simonetta Sommaruga 2016.jpg
Simonetta Sommaruga 61   Switzerland Federal Council Member,
formerly President[ab]
1 November 2010 10 years, 228 days
41.
Alpha Condé 2014-10-09.jpg
Alpha Condé 83  Guinea President 21 December 2010 10 years, 178 days
42.
Nguyễn Phú Trọng 092916 (cropped).jpg
Nguyễn Phú Trọng 77  Vietnam General Secretary,
formerly also
President[ac]
19 January 2011 10 years, 149 days
43.
Milo Đukanović in 2010 (cropped).jpg
Milo Đukanović 59  Montenegro President[ad] 3 June 2006 – 10 November 2006 (1st term as Prime Minister)
29 February 2008 – 29 December 2010 (2nd term as Prime Minister)
4 December 2012 – 29 November 2016 (3rd term as Prime Minister)
20 May 2018 – present (Term as President)
10 years, 123 days
44.
Faustin Touadera October 2019.jpg
Faustin-Archange Touadéra 64  Central African Republic Prime Minister, then President[ae] 22 January 2008 – 17 January 2013 (1st time)
30 March 2016 – present (2nd time)
10 years, 75 days

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Was Prime Minister of Cameroon from 30 June 1975 to 6 November 1982
  2. ^ Was Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council / Supreme Military Council of Equatorial Guinea from 3 August 1979 to 12 October 1982
  3. ^ Was President of Iran from 13 October 1981 to 2 August 1989, leaving the presidency close to two months after becoming Supreme Leader. Was approved as Supreme Leader of Iran by the Assembly of Experts and sworn in on 4 June 1989, shortly after the death of the founder of this Shia Islamic republic, Ruhollah Khomeini.
  4. ^ Was previously President from 8 February 1979 to 31 August 1992, when the country was a one-Party state known as the People's Republic of the Congo
  5. ^ Was Acting Prime Minister of the Vietnam-occupation one-Party state called the People's Republic of Kampuchea from 26 December 1984 to 14 January 1985, then Prime Minister of the Vietnam-occupation one-Party state People's Republic of Kampuchea from 14 January 1985 to 1 May 1989. Was also Prime Minister during the entire existence of the State of Cambodia from 1 May 1989 to 24 September 1993.
  6. ^ Was First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR from 22 June 1989 to 14 December 1991, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet (Speaker of Parliament and de facto head of state) of the Kazakh SSR from 22 February 1990 to 24 April 1990, and President of the Kazakh SSR from 24 April 1990 to 16 December 1991, on which date Kazakhstan declared independence from the Soviet Union. He has an emeritus position as permanent Chairman of the Kazakh National Security Council from 12 July 2018 to the present.
  7. ^ Was Chairman of the Supreme Assembly (Speaker of Parliament) of Tajikistan – de facto head of state – from 19 November 1992 to 16 November 1994
  8. ^ Was Secretary-General of the Provisional Government of Eritrea from 27 April 1991 to 24 May 1993, when Eritrea declared independence from Ethiopia.
  9. ^ Was a member of the Nicaraguan Junta of National Reconstruction from 18 July 1979 to 4 March 1981, then the Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction (effectively the head of state) from 4 March 1981 to 10 January 1985; he was then President from 10 January 1985 to 25 April 1990.
  10. ^ Was Prime Minister of Russia from 9 August 1999 to 7 May 2000 and Acting President from 31 December 1999 to 7 May 2000; then President of Russia from 7 May 2000 to 7 May 2008; then Prime Minister again from 8 May 2008 to 7 May 2012.
  11. ^ Was Prime Minister of Namibia from 21 March 1990 to 28 August 2002 and 4 December 2012 to 21 March 2015
  12. ^ Was Prime Minister of Turkey from 14 March 2003 to 28 August 2014
  13. ^ Was Acting President of Azerbaijan from 6 August 2003 to 31 October 2003
  14. ^ Was Prime Minister of Uzbekistan from 12 December 2003 to 14 December 2016, and Acting President from 8 September 2016 to 14 December 2016.
  15. ^ Was Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority from 19 March 2003 to 6 September 2003
  16. ^ Was President of Togo from 5 February 2005 to 25 February 2005, when it was disputed whether he had inherited the presidency from his deceased father, Gnassingbé Eyadéma.
  17. ^ Was President of the second Interim Military Government of Fiji from 29 May 2000 to 13 July 2000; then President of a third Interim Military Government of Fiji from 5 December 2006 to 4 January 2007. Was Acting Prime Minister from 5 January 2007 to 22 September 2014.
  18. ^ Was Acting President of Turkmenistan from 21 December 2006 to 14 February 2007
  19. ^ Was Prime Minister of Côte d'Ivoire from 7 November 1990 to 9 December 1993. The Presidency was disputed between Ouattara and Laurent Gbagbo from 4 December 2010 to 11 April 2011.
  20. ^ Was Prime Minister of Sri Lanka from 6 April 2004 to 19 November 2005, President of Sri Lanka from 19 November 2005 to 9 January 2015, then the disputed Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (with Ranil Wickremesinghe) from 26 October 2018 to 15 December 2018.
  21. ^ The office of Prime Minister was disputed between Mahinda Rajapaksa and Ranil Wickremesinghe from 26 October 2018 to 15 December 2018.
  22. ^ The Swiss Federal Council is a collective seven-member head of state. Maurer previously served as chairperson of the Federal Council, i.e. the President of the Swiss Confederation, in the constitutional customary one-year period from 1 January to 31 December 2013 and 1 January to 31 December 2019. From 1 January to 31 December 2012 and 1 January to 31 December 2018, he was the deputy chairperson of the Federal Council, or Vice President of Switzerland.
  23. ^ Was Prime Minister of Senegal from 21 April 2004 to 19 June 2007
  24. ^ Was Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from 22 July 1998 to 15 July 2002
  25. ^ Was Chief of Staff of the National Development Army (de facto leader of the Comoros) from 30 April 1999 to 6 May 1999, Head of State of the Comoros from 6 May 1999 to 21 January 2002, then the elected President from 6 May 2002 to 26 May 2006.
  26. ^ Was Prime Minister of Slovenia from 21 November 2008 to 10 February 2012
  27. ^ Was Prime Minister of the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh from 14 September 2007 to 25 September 2017. The country was called the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh until 10 March 2017.
  28. ^ The Swiss Federal Council is a collective seven-member head of state. Sommaruga previously served as chairperson of the Federal Council, i.e. the President of the Swiss Confederation, in the constitutional customary one-year period from 1 January to 31 December 2015 and 1 January to 31 December 2020. From 1 January to 31 December 2014 and 1 January to 31 December 2019, she was the deputy chairperson of the Federal Council, or Vice President of Switzerland.
  29. ^ Was concurrently the President of Vietnam from 23 October 2018 to 5 April 2021. Under the one-Party system, the position of General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam is a more important and powerful office than the Presidency of Vietnam.
  30. ^ Was Prime Minister of the Republic of Montenegro from 15 February 1991 to 5 February 1998, both Prime Minister and President of the Republic of Montenegro from 15 January 1998 to 5 February 1998, President of the Republic of Montenegro from 15 January 1998 to 25 November 2002, Prime Minister again from 8 January 2003 to 10 November 2006; then Prime Minister of independent Montenegro from 29 February 2008 to 29 December 2010 and 4 December 2012 to 29 November 2016. Montenegro became independent on 3 June 2006 by seceding from Serbia and Montenegro.
  31. ^ Was Prime Minister of the Central African Republic from 22 January 2008 to 17 January 2013

External links[edit]

  • Rulers.org List of rulers throughout time and places