List of current longest ruling non-royal national leaders

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This list of current longest ruling non-royal national leaders is a list of the current living longest ruling heads of nation-states or national governments, who are not royalty, and have served ten years or longer, sorted by length of tenure.

The individuals on the list are not always the most powerful figure in their country's national government. Some are or have been at one time but not necessarily continuously throughout the listed timespan. Some of them have held more than one national leadership level office: presidency, prime minister-ship, or some other title implying or widely believed to confer national leadership. When more than one such office exists in a country, there may be uncertainty as to which member of the national government actually has the ultimate power. Therefore, this list combines all national level offices held concurrently or consecutively by each individual leader.

Rank Image Name Country Office Tenure began Length of tenure
1.
Paul Biya with Obamas cropped.jpg
Paul Biya  Cameroon Prime Minister, then President[1] 30 June 1975 41 years, 322 days
2.
Teodoro Obiang detail, 1650FRP051.jpg
Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo  Equatorial Guinea President[2] 3 August 1979 37 years, 288 days
3.
José Eduardo dos Santos 2.jpg
José Eduardo dos Santos  Angola President[3] 10 September 1979 37 years, 250 days
4.
Robert Mugabe May 2015 (cropped).jpg
Robert Mugabe  Zimbabwe Prime Minister, then President[4] 18 April 1980 37 years, 30 days
5.
Ali Khamenei receives Heinz Fischer in his house (6).jpg
Ali Khamenei  Iran President, then Supreme Leader[5] 13 October 1981 35 years, 217 days
6.
Nursultan Nazarbayev 27092007.jpg
Nursultan Nazarbayev  Kazakhstan Prime Minister, then First Secretary,
then President, then 'Leader of the Nation'[6]
22 March 1984 33 years, 57 days
7.
Hun Sen.jpg
Hun Sen  Cambodia Prime Minister[7] 14 January 1985 32 years, 124 days
8.
Museveni July 2012 Cropped.jpg
Yoweri Museveni  Uganda President 26 January 1986 31 years, 112 days
9.
Omar al-Bashir, 12th AU Summit, 090202-N-0506A-137 cropped.jpg
Omar al-Bashir  Sudan President[8] 30 June 1989 27 years, 322 days
10.
Idriss Déby at the White House in 2014.jpg
Idriss Déby  Chad President[9] 2 December 1990 26 years, 167 days
11.
President Isaias Afewerk.jpg
Isaias Afwerki  Eritrea President[10] 27 April 1991 26 years, 21 days
12.
Emomali Rahmon-1.jpg
Emomali Rahmon  Tajikistan Acting Head of State, then President,
then 'Leader of the Nation'[11]
19 November 1992 24 years, 180 days
13.
Paul Kagame Portrait 2016-10-14.jpg
Paul Kagame  Rwanda Vice-President, then President[12] 19 July 1994 22 years, 303 days
14.
Alexander Lukashenko 2007 cropped.jpg
Alexander Lukashenko  Belarus President 20 July 1994 22 years, 302 days
15.
Denis Sassou Nguesso 2014.png
Denis Sassou Nguesso  Republic of the Congo President[13] 25 October 1997 19 years, 205 days
16.
Kim Yong-nam in Moscow.jpg
Kim Yong-nam  North Korea President of the Presidium of the
Supreme People's Assembly[14]
5 September 1998 18 years, 255 days
17.
Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi 2013 (cropped).jpg
Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi  Samoa Prime Minister 23 November 1998 18 years, 176 days
18.
Abdelaziz Bouteflika.jpg
Abdelaziz Bouteflika  Algeria President 27 April 1999 18 years, 21 days
19.
Ismail Omar Guelleh 2010.jpg
Ismaïl Omar Guelleh  Djibouti President 8 May 1999 18 years, 10 days
20.
Vladimir Putin - 2006.jpg
Vladimir Putin  Russia Prime Minister, then President[15] 9 August 1999 17 years, 282 days
21.
Bashar al-Assad (cropped).jpg
Bashar al-Assad  Syria President 17 July 2000 16 years, 305 days
22.
Joseph Kabila 2014.png
Joseph Kabila  Democratic Republic of the Congo President 17 January 2001 16 years, 121 days
23.
Ralph Gonsalves (cropped).jpg
Ralph Gonsalves  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Prime Minister 29 March 2001 16 years, 50 days
24.
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Recep Tayyip Erdoğan  Turkey Prime Minister, then President[16] 14 March 2003 14 years, 65 days
25.
F Vujanovic (crop).jpg
Filip Vujanović  Montenegro President[17] 22 May 2003 13 years, 361 days
26.
Ilham Aliyev in Poland, 2008.jpg
Ilham Aliyev  Azerbaijan Prime Minister, then President[18] 4 August 2003 13 years, 287 days
27.
Artur Rasizadə (2009).jpg
Artur Rasizade  Azerbaijan Prime Minister[19] 6 August 2003 13 years, 285 days
28.
Abdelkader Taleb Omar.jpg
Abdelkader Taleb Omar  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Prime Minister 29 October 2003 13 years, 201 days
29.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev (cropped).jpg
Shavkat Mirziyoyev  Uzbekistan Prime Minister, then President[20] 11 December 2003 13 years, 158 days
30.
RooseveltSkerrit.jpg
Roosevelt Skerrit  Dominica Prime Minister 8 January 2004 13 years, 130 days
31.
Lee Hsien Loong - 20101112.jpg
Lee Hsien Loong  Singapore Prime Minister 12 August 2004 12 years, 279 days
32.
Mahmoud Abbas 2007.jpg
Mahmoud Abbas  Palestine President[21] 15 January 2005 12 years, 123 days
33.
Faure Gnassingbé 2014.png
Faure Gnassingbé  Togo President[22] 4 May 2005 12 years, 14 days
34.
Salva Kiir Mayardit at the White House (cropped).jpg
Salva Kiir Mayardit  South Sudan President[23] 30 July 2005 11 years, 292 days
35.
Pierre Nkurunziza 2014 Blue Room White House (cropped).jpg
Pierre Nkurunziza  Burundi President 26 August 2005 11 years, 265 days
36.
Angela Merkel August 2014.jpg
Angela Merkel  Germany Federal Chancellor 22 November 2005 11 years, 177 days
37.
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf February 2015.jpg
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf  Liberia President 16 January 2006 11 years, 122 days
38.
Evo Morales 2011.jpg
Evo Morales  Bolivia President 22 January 2006 11 years, 116 days
39.
Raúl Castro, July 2012.jpeg
Raúl Castro  Cuba First Secretary, President
and Prime Minister[24]
31 July 2006 10 years, 291 days
40.
Doris Leuthard 2011.jpg
Doris Leuthard   Switzerland Federal Council Member,
currently President[25]
1 August 2006 10 years, 290 days
41.
Frank Bainimarama November 2014.jpg
Frank Bainimarama  Fiji Acting Head of State,
then Prime Minister[26]
5 December 2006 10 years, 164 days
42.
Gurbanguly Berdimuhammedov with Obamas cropped.jpg
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow  Turkmenistan President, then 'Protector'[27] 21 December 2006 10 years, 148 days
43.
Daniel Ortega (cropped).jpg
Daniel Ortega  Nicaragua President[28] 10 January 2007 10 years, 128 days
44.
Rafael Correa in France (cropped).jpg
Rafael Correa  Ecuador President 15 January 2007 10 years, 123 days
45.
Serzh Sargsyan cropped.jpg
Serzh Sargsyan  Armenia Prime Minister, then President[29] 25 March 2007 10 years, 54 days

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ was Prime Minister of Cameroon from 30 June 1975 to 6 November 1982
  2. ^ was Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council / Supreme Military Council of Equatorial Guinea from 3 August 1979 to 12 October 1982
  3. ^ was Acting President of the one-Party state known as the People's Republic of Angola from 10 September 1979 to 21 September 1979, and President of the one-Party state known as the People's Republic of Angola from 21 September 1979 to 25 August 1992
  4. ^ was Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 18 April 1980 to 31 December 1987
  5. ^ Was President of Iran from 13 October 1981 to 2 August 1989, leaving the presidency close to two months after becoming Supreme Leader. Was approved as Supreme Leader of Iran by the Assembly of Experts and sworn in on 4 June 1989, shortly after the death of the founder of this Shia Islamic Republic, Ruhollah Khomeini.
  6. ^ Was Prime Minister of the Kazakh SSR from 22 March 1984 to 27 July 1989, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR from 22 June 1989 to 14 December 1991, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet (de facto head of state) of the Kazakh SSR from 22 February 1990 to 24 April 1990, and President of the Kazakh SSR from 24 April 1990 to 16 December 1991, when Kazakhstan declared independence from the Soviet Union.
  7. ^ Was Prime Minister of the Vietnam-occupation one-Party state called the People's Republic of Kampuchea from 14 January 1985 to 1 May 1989. Was also Prime Minister during the entire existence of the State of Cambodia from 1 May 1989 to 24 September 1993.
  8. ^ was Chairman of the Sudanese Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation from 30 June 1989 to 16 October 1993
  9. ^ was President of the Council of State of Chad from 2 December 1990 to 4 March 1991
  10. ^ Was Secretary-General of the Provisional Government of Eritrea from 27 April 1991 to 24 May 1993, when Eritrea declared independence from Ethiopia.
  11. ^ was Chairman of the Supreme Assembly (Speaker of Parliament) of Tajikistan – de facto head of state – from 19 November 1992 to 16 November 1994
  12. ^ Was Vice-President from 19 July 1994 to 22 April 2000 and Acting President from 24 March 2000 to 22 April 2000.
  13. ^ was previously President of the Central Committee of the Congolese Party of Labour from 8 February 1979 to 31 August 1992, when the country was a one-Party state known as the People's Republic of the Congo
  14. ^ The "President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly" performs some of the duties of a head of state. The position of President (formerly the head of state) was written out of the constitution in 1998. State founder Kim Il-sung, who died in 1994, was given the appellation "Eternal President".
  15. ^ Was Prime Minister of Russia from 9 August 1999 to 7 May 2000 and Acting President from 31 December 1999 to 7 May 2000; then President of Russia from 7 May 2000 to 7 May 2008; then Prime Minister again from 8 May 2008 to 7 May 2012.
  16. ^ was Prime Minister of Turkey from 14 March 2003 to 28 August 2014
  17. ^ Montenegro did not gain independence until 3 June 2006, being part of Serbia and Montenegro. Vujanović was previously Acting President from 25 November 2002 to 19 May 2003.
  18. ^ was Acting President of Azerbaijan from 6 August 2003 to 31 October 2003
  19. ^ Was previously Prime Minister of Azerbaijan from 20 July 1996 to 4 August 2003; and Interim Prime Minister from 6 August 2003 to 4 November 2003.
  20. ^ Was Prime Minister of Uzbekistan from 11 December 2003 to 14 December 2016, and Acting President from 8 September 2016 to 14 December 2016.
  21. ^ was previously Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority from 19 March 2003 to 6 September 2003
  22. ^ Was previously President of Togo from 5 February 2005 to 25 February 2005, when it was disputed whether he had inherited the presidency from his deceased father, Gnassingbé Eyadéma.
  23. ^ South Sudan did not gain independence until 9 July 2011, being part of Sudan. Kiir was Acting President of the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region from 30 July 2005 to 11 August 2005.
  24. ^ Was Acting President and Acting Prime Minister of Cuba from 31 July 2006 to 24 February 2008; and Acting First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from 31 July 2006 to 19 April 2011. Under the one-Party system, the position of First Secretary is a more important and powerful position than the Presidency of Cuba.
  25. ^ The Swiss Federal Council is a collective seven-member head of state. Since 1 January 2017, Leuthard is the incumbent chairperson of the Federal Council, i.e. the President of the Swiss Confederation. Leuthard previously served as chairperson of the Federal Council, or President, in the constitutional customary one-year period from 1 January to 31 December 2010. From 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016, she was the deputy chairperson of the Federal Council, or Vice President, of Switzerland.
  26. ^ Was previously President of the Interim Military Government of Fiji from 29 May 2000 to 13 July 2000; then again President of the Interim Military Government of Fiji from 5 December 2006 to 4 January 2007. Was Acting Prime Minister from 5 January 2007 to 22 September 2014.
  27. ^ was Acting President of Turkmenistan from 21 December 2006 to 14 February 2007
  28. ^ Was a member of the Nicaraguan Junta of National Reconstruction from 18 July 1979 to 4 March 1981, then the Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction (effectively the head of state) from 4 March 1981 to 10 January 1985; he was then President from 10 January 1985 to 25 April 1990.
  29. ^ Was Acting Prime Minister of Armenia from 25 March 2007 to 4 April 2007, then Prime Minister from 4 April 2007 to 9 April 2008.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Rulers.org List of rulers throughout time and places