List of current longest-ruling non-royal national leaders

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This list of current longest ruling non-royal national leaders is a list of the current living longest ruling heads of nation-states or national governments, who are not royalty, and have served ten years or longer, sorted by length of tenure.

The individuals on the list are not always the most powerful figure in their country's national government. Some are or have been at one time the most powerful figures in their country's national government but not necessarily continuously throughout the listed timespan. Some of them have held more than one national leadership-level office: presidency, prime minister-ship, or some other title implying or widely believed to confer national leadership. When more than one such office exists in a country, there may be uncertainty as to which member of the national government actually has the ultimate power. Therefore, this list combines all national level offices held concurrently or consecutively by each individual leader.

Rank Image Name Country Office Tenure began Length of tenure
1.
Paul Biya with Obamas cropped.jpg
Paul Biya  Cameroon Prime Minister, then President[1] 30 June 1975 44 years, 13 days
2.
Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo at the White House in 2014.jpg
Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo  Equatorial Guinea President[2] 3 August 1979 39 years, 344 days
3.
Ali Khamenei at Nowshahr Army University.jpg
Ali Khamenei  Iran President, then Supreme Leader[3] 13 October 1981 37 years, 273 days
4.
Denis Sassou Nguesso 2014.png
Denis Sassou Nguesso  Republic of the Congo President[4] 8 February 1979 – 31 August 1992 (1st time)
25 October 1997 – present (2nd time)
35 years, 101 days
5.
Hun Sen (2016) cropped.jpg
Hun Sen  Cambodia Prime Minister[5] 26 December 1984 34 years, 199 days
6.
Museveni July 2012 Cropped.jpg
Yoweri Museveni  Uganda President 26 January 1986 33 years, 168 days
7.
Idriss Déby at the White House in 2014.jpg
Idriss Déby  Chad President[6] 2 December 1990 28 years, 223 days
8.
Nursultan Nazarbayev at the 2013 Astana Economic Forum (cropped).jpg
Nursultan Nazarbayev  Kazakhstan Chairman of Nur Otan,
formerly President[7]
16 December 1991 27 years, 209 days
9.
Emomali Rahmon-1.jpg
Emomali Rahmon  Tajikistan Acting Head of State, then
President[8]
19 November 1992 26 years, 236 days
10.
Isaias Afwerki in 2002.jpg
Isaias Afwerki  Eritrea President[9] 24 May 1993 26 years, 50 days
11.
Alexander Lukashenko crop.jpeg
Alexander Lukashenko  Belarus President 20 July 1994 24 years, 358 days
12.
Mahathir 2019 (cropped).jpg
Mahathir Mohamad  Malaysia Prime Minister 16 July 1981 – 31 October 2003 (1st time)
10 May 2018 – present (2nd time)
23 years, 171 days
13.
Daniel Ortega (cropped).jpg
Daniel Ortega  Nicaragua Acting Head of State, then
President[10]
4 March 1981 – 25 April 1990 (1st time)
10 January 2007 – present (2nd time)
21 years, 236 days
14.
Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi 2013 (cropped).jpg
Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi  Samoa Prime Minister 23 November 1998 20 years, 232 days
15.
Ismail Omar Guelleh 2010.jpg
Ismaïl Omar Guelleh  Djibouti President 8 May 1999 20 years, 66 days
16.
Vladimir Putin - 2006.jpg
Vladimir Putin  Russia Prime Minister, then President[11] 9 August 1999 – 7 May 2000 (1st term as
Prime Minister)
8 May 2000 – 7 May 2008 (1st & 2nd terms as President)
8 May 2008 – 7 May 2012 (2nd term as
Prime Minister)
7 May 2012 – present (3rd & 4th terms as President)
19 years, 338 days
17.
Keith Mitchell.jpg
Keith Mitchell  Grenada Prime Minister 22 June 1995 – 9 July 2008 (1st time)
20 February 2013 – present (2nd time)
19 years, 160 days
18.
Paul Kagame Portrait 2016-10-14.jpg
Paul Kagame  Rwanda Acting President, then President[12] 24 March 2000 19 years, 80 days
19.
Hage Geingob.jpg
Hage Geingob  Namibia Prime Minister, then President[13] 21 March 1990 – 28 August 2002 (1st time)
4 December 2012 – present (2nd time)
19 years, 16 days
20.
Bashar al-Assad (cropped).jpg
Bashar al-Assad  Syria President 17 July 2000 18 years, 361 days
21.
Ralph Gonsalves.jpg
Ralph Gonsalves  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Prime Minister 29 March 2001 18 years, 106 days
22.
President Bouterse (cropped).JPG
Dési Bouterse  Suriname De facto Head of State, then
President[14]
25 February 1980 – 25 January 1988 (1st time)
12 August 2010 – present (2nd time)
16 years, 304 days
23.
Recep Tayyip Erdogan 2017.jpg
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan  Turkey Prime Minister, then President[15] 14 March 2003 16 years, 121 days
24.
Ilham Aliyev November 2017.jpg
Ilham Aliyev  Azerbaijan Prime Minister, then President[16] 4 August 2003 15 years, 343 days
25.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev.png
Shavkat Mirziyoyev  Uzbekistan Prime Minister, then President[17] 12 December 2003 15 years, 213 days
26.
Sheikh Hasina in New York - 2018 (44057292035) (cropped).jpg
Sheikh Hasina  Bangladesh Prime Minister 23 June 1996 – 15 July 2001 (1st time)
6 January 2009 – present (2nd time)
15 years, 210 days
27.
RooseveltSkerrit.jpg
Roosevelt Skerrit  Dominica Prime Minister 8 January 2004 15 years, 186 days
28.
Mahmoud Abbas 2007.jpg
Mahmoud Abbas  Palestine Prime Minister, then President[18] 19 March 2003 – 6 September 2003 (1st time)
15 January 2005 – present (2nd time)
14 years, 350 days
29.
Lee Hsien Loong - 20101112.jpg
Lee Hsien Loong  Singapore Prime Minister 12 August 2004 14 years, 335 days
30.
Tommy Remengesau 2016.jpg
Tommy Remengesau  Palau President 1 January 2001 – 15 January 2009 (1st time)
17 January 2013 – present (2nd time)
14 years, 191 days
31.
Faure Gnassingbé 2014.png
Faure Gnassingbé  Togo President[19] 5 February 2005 – 25 February 2005 (1st time)
4 May 2005 – present (2nd time)
14 years, 90 days
32.
Pierre Nkurunziza 2014 Blue Room White House (cropped).jpg
Pierre Nkurunziza  Burundi President 26 August 2005 13 years, 321 days
33.
Angela Merkel. Tallinn Digital Summit.jpg
Angela Merkel  Germany Federal Chancellor 22 November 2005 13 years, 233 days
34.
Evo Morales 2011.jpg
Evo Morales  Bolivia President 22 January 2006 13 years, 172 days
35.
Benjamin Netanyahu April 2018.jpg
Benjamin Netanyahu  Israel Prime Minister 18 June 1996 – 6 July 1999 (1st time)
31 March 2009 – present (2nd time)
13 years, 121 days
36.
Viktor Orbán 2018.jpg
Viktor Orbán  Hungary Prime Minister 6 July 1998 – 27 May 2002 (1st time)
29 May 2010 – present (2nd time)
13 years, 5 days
37.
Raúl Castro, July 2012.jpeg
Raúl Castro  Cuba First Secretary, formerly
President and
Prime Minister[20]
31 July 2006 12 years, 347 days
38.
Frank Bainimarama November 2014.jpg
Frank Bainimarama  Fiji Acting Head of State, then
Prime Minister[21]
29 May 2000 – 13 July 2000 (1st time)
5 December 2006 – present (2nd time)
12 years, 265 days
39.
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow (2017-10-02) 02.jpg
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow  Turkmenistan President[22] 21 December 2006 12 years, 204 days
40.
Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta par Claude Truong-Ngoc décembre 2013 (cropped).jpg
Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta  Mali Prime Minister, then President[23] 4 February 1994 – 15 February 2000 (1st time)
4 September 2013 – present (2nd time)
11 years, 323 days
41.
Bako Sahakyan.jpg
Bako Sahakyan  Artsakh[24] President 7 September 2007 11 years, 309 days
42.
A. Ouattara.jpg
Alassane Ouattara  Côte d'Ivoire Prime Minister, then President[25] 7 November 1990 – 9 December 1993 (1st time)
4 December 2010 – present (2nd time)
11 years, 253 days
43.
Belizean Prime Minister, Dean Barrow in London, 27 June 2013 (cropped).jpg
Dean Barrow  Belize Prime Minister 8 February 2008 11 years, 155 days
44.
Dmitry Medvedev official large photo -1.jpg
Dmitry Medvedev  Russia President, then Prime Minister[26] 7 May 2008 11 years, 67 days
45.
Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz August 2014 (cropped).jpg
Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz  Mauritania President[27] 6 August 2008 – 15 April 2009 (1st time)
5 August 2009 – present (2nd time)
10 years, 229 days
46.
Ueli Maurer 2011.jpg
Ueli Maurer   Switzerland Federal Council Member,
currently President[28]
1 January 2009 10 years, 193 days
47.
Macky Sall 2015-12-02.jpg
Macky Sall  Senegal Prime Minister, then President[29] 21 April 2004 – 19 June 2007 (1st time)
2 April 2012 – present (2nd time)
10 years, 161 days
48.
Miloš Zeman březen 2015.JPG
Miloš Zeman  Czech Republic Prime Minister, then President[30] 22 July 1998 – 15 July 2002 (1st time)
8 March 2013 – present (2nd time)
10 years, 120 days
49.
Hashim Thaçi photo.jpg
Hashim Thaçi  Kosovo Prime Minister, then President[31] 17 February 2008 – 9 December 2014 (1st time)
7 April 2016 – present (2nd time)
10 years, 27 days

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ was Prime Minister of Cameroon from 30 June 1975 to 6 November 1982
  2. ^ was Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council / Supreme Military Council of Equatorial Guinea from 3 August 1979 to 12 October 1982
  3. ^ Was President of Iran from 13 October 1981 to 2 August 1989, leaving the presidency close to two months after becoming Supreme Leader. Was approved as Supreme Leader of Iran by the Assembly of Experts and sworn in on 4 June 1989, shortly after the death of the founder of this Shia Islamic republic, Ruhollah Khomeini.
  4. ^ was previously President from 8 February 1979 to 31 August 1992, when the country was a one-Party state known as the People's Republic of the Congo
  5. ^ Was Acting Prime Minister of the Vietnam-occupation one-Party state called the People's Republic of Kampuchea from 26 December 1984 to 14 January 1985, then Prime Minister of the Vietnam-occupation one-Party state People's Republic of Kampuchea from 14 January 1985 to 1 May 1989. Was also Prime Minister during the entire existence of the State of Cambodia from 1 May 1989 to 24 September 1993.
  6. ^ was President of the Council of State of Chad from 2 December 1990 to 4 March 1991
  7. ^ Was First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR from 22 June 1989 to 14 December 1991, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet (Speaker of Parliament and de facto head of state) of the Kazakh SSR from 22 February 1990 to 24 April 1990, and President of the Kazakh SSR from 24 April 1990 to 16 December 1991, on which date Kazakhstan declared independence from the Soviet Union. He has been Chairman of the ruling Nur Otan from 4 July 2007 to the present, and has an emeritus position as permanent Chairman of the Kazakh National Security Council from 12 July 2018 to the present.
  8. ^ was Chairman of the Supreme Assembly (Speaker of Parliament) of Tajikistan – de facto head of state – from 19 November 1992 to 16 November 1994
  9. ^ Was Secretary-General of the Provisional Government of Eritrea from 27 April 1991 to 24 May 1993, when Eritrea declared independence from Ethiopia.
  10. ^ Was a member of the Nicaraguan Junta of National Reconstruction from 18 July 1979 to 4 March 1981, then the Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction (effectively the head of state) from 4 March 1981 to 10 January 1985; he was then President from 10 January 1985 to 25 April 1990.
  11. ^ Was Prime Minister of Russia from 9 August 1999 to 7 May 2000 and Acting President from 31 December 1999 to 7 May 2000; then President of Russia from 7 May 2000 to 7 May 2008; then Prime Minister again from 8 May 2008 to 7 May 2012.
  12. ^ Was Vice-President of Rwanda from 19 July 1994 to 22 April 2000 and Acting President from 24 March 2000 to 22 April 2000.
  13. ^ was Prime Minister of Namibia from 21 March 1990 to 28 August 2002 and 4 December 2012 to 21 March 2015
  14. ^ Was Chairman of the National Military Council (de facto leader of Suriname) from 25 February 1980 to 25 January 1988; and head of state as National Army Commander from 13 August 1980 to 15 August 1980 and from 4 February 1982 to 8 February 1982.
  15. ^ was Prime Minister of Turkey from 14 March 2003 to 28 August 2014
  16. ^ was Acting President of Azerbaijan from 6 August 2003 to 31 October 2003
  17. ^ Was Prime Minister of Uzbekistan from 12 December 2003 to 14 December 2016, and Acting President from 8 September 2016 to 14 December 2016.
  18. ^ was Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority from 19 March 2003 to 6 September 2003
  19. ^ Was President of Togo from 5 February 2005 to 25 February 2005, when it was disputed whether he had inherited the presidency from his deceased father, Gnassingbé Eyadéma.
  20. ^ Was Acting President and Acting Prime Minister of Cuba from 31 July 2006 to 24 February 2008, then President and Prime Minister of Cuba from 24 February 2008 to 19 April 2018; and Acting First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from 31 July 2006 to 19 April 2011. Under the one-Party system, the position of First Secretary is a more important and powerful position than the Presidency of Cuba.
  21. ^ Was President of the first Interim Military Government of Fiji from 29 May 2000 to 13 July 2000; then President of a second Interim Military Government of Fiji from 5 December 2006 to 4 January 2007. Was Acting Prime Minister from 5 January 2007 to 22 September 2014.
  22. ^ was Acting President of Turkmenistan from 21 December 2006 to 14 February 2007
  23. ^ was Prime Minister of Mali from 4 February 1994 to 15 February 2000
  24. ^ The country was called the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh until 10 March 2017.
  25. ^ Was Prime Minister of Côte d'Ivoire from 7 November 1990 to 9 December 1993. The Presidency was disputed between Ouattara and Laurent Gbagbo from 4 December 2010 to 11 April 2011.
  26. ^ was President of Russia from 7 May 2008 to 7 May 2012, then Prime Minister from 8 May 2012 to present
  27. ^ was President of the High Council of State of Mauritania from 6 August 2008 to 15 April 2009
  28. ^ The Swiss Federal Council is a collective seven-member head of state. Since 1 January 2019, Maurer is the incumbent chairperson of the Federal Council, i.e. the President of the Swiss Confederation. Maurer previously served as chairperson of the Federal Council, or President, in the constitutional customary one-year period from 1 January to 31 December 2013. From 1 January to 31 December 2012 and 1 January to 31 December 2018, he was the deputy chairperson of the Federal Council, or Vice President of Switzerland.
  29. ^ was Prime Minister of Senegal from 21 April 2004 to 19 June 2007
  30. ^ was Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from 22 July 1998 to 15 July 2002
  31. ^ Was provisional Prime Minister of the mostly unrecognized Republic of Kosova from 2 April 1999 to 1 February 2000, Prime Minister of UN-administered Kosovo from 9 January 2008 to 17 February 2008, and Prime Minister of independent Kosovo from 17 February 2008 to 9 December 2014. Kosovo did not gain independence until 17 February 2008, being part of Serbia.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Rulers.org List of rulers throughout time and places