Seniority in the United States House of Representatives

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This is a complete list of current members of the U.S. House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.

Currently, there are vacancies in Hawaii's 1st congressional district, Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district, and Kentucky's 1st congressional district.

Standards for seniority[edit]

Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House are credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began January 3, 1999, and after. When a representative has served a prior term of fewer than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), he or she is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.[citation needed]

Benefits of seniority[edit]

Committee chairmanship in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership has a stronger hand in choosing chairmen and ranking minority members, and does so based on voting records and campaign fundraising.[1] Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.

Current seniority list[edit]

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Committee and leadership positions
1 John Conyers D Michigan 13 January 3, 1965 Dean of the House
Ranking Member: Judiciary
2 Charles Rangel D New York 13 January 3, 1971  
3 Don Young R Alaska at-large March 6, 1973
4 James Sensenbrenner R Wisconsin 5 January 3, 1979
5 Hal Rogers R Kentucky 5 January 3, 1981 Chair: Appropriations
6 Christopher Smith R New Jersey 4  
7 Steny Hoyer D Maryland 5 May 19, 1981 Minority Whip
8 Marcy Kaptur D Ohio 9 January 3, 1983  
9 Sander Levin D Michigan 9 Ranking Member: Ways and Means
10 Joe Barton R Texas 6 January 3, 1985  
11 Pete Visclosky D Indiana 1
12 Peter DeFazio D Oregon 4 January 3, 1987 Ranking Member: Transportation and Infrastructure
13 John Lewis D Georgia 5  
14 Louise Slaughter D New York 25 Ranking Member: Rules
15 Lamar Smith R Texas 21 Chair: Science, Space and Technology
16 Fred Upton R Michigan 6 Chair: Energy and Commerce
17 Nancy Pelosi D California 12 June 2, 1987 Minority Leader
18 John Duncan R Tennessee 2 November 8, 1988  
19 Frank Pallone D New Jersey 6 Ranking Member: Energy and Commerce
20 Eliot Engel D New York 16 January 3, 1989 Ranking Member: Foreign Affairs
21 Nita Lowey D New York 17 Ranking Member: Appropriations
22 Jim McDermott D Washington 7  
23 Richard Neal D Massachusetts 1
24 Dana Rohrabacher R California 48
25 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R Florida 27 August 29, 1989
26 José Serrano D New York 15 March 20, 1990
27 David Price D North Carolina 4 January 3, 1997
Previous service, 1987–1995.[2]
28 Rosa DeLauro D Connecticut 3 January 3, 1991
29 Collin Peterson D Minnesota 7 Ranking Member: Agriculture
30 Maxine Waters D California 43 Ranking Member: Financial Services
31 Sam Johnson R Texas 3 May 8, 1991  
32 Jerrold Nadler D New York 10 November 3, 1992
33 Jim Cooper D Tennessee 5 January 3, 2003
Previous service, 1983–1995.[2]
34 Xavier Becerra D California 34 January 3, 1993 Democratic Caucus Chairman
35 Sanford Bishop D Georgia 2  
36 Corrine Brown D Florida 5 Ranking Member: Veterans' Affairs
37 Ken Calvert R California 42  
38 Jim Clyburn D South Carolina 6 Assistant Minority Leader
39 Anna Eshoo D California 18  
40 Bob Goodlatte R Virginia 6 Chair: Judiciary
41 Gene Green D Texas 29  
42 Luis Gutiérrez D Illinois 4
43 Alcee Hastings D Florida 20
44 Eddie Bernice Johnson D Texas 30 Ranking Member: Science, Space and Technology
45 Peter King R New York 2  
46 Carolyn Maloney D New York 12
47 John Mica R Florida 7
48 Lucille Roybal-Allard D California 40
49 Ed Royce R California 39 Chair: Foreign Affairs
50 Bobby Rush D Illinois 1  
51 Bobby Scott D Virginia 3 Ranking Member: Education and the Workforce
52 Nydia Velázquez D New York 7 Ranking Member: Small Business
53 Bennie Thompson D Mississippi 2 April 13, 1993 Ranking Member: Homeland Security
54 Sam Farr D California 20 June 8, 1993  
55 Frank Lucas R Oklahoma 3 May 10, 1994
56 Lloyd Doggett D Texas 35 January 3, 1995
57 Mike Doyle D Pennsylvania 14
58 Rodney Frelinghuysen R New Jersey 11
59 Sheila Jackson-Lee D Texas 18
60 Walter B. Jones R North Carolina 3
61 Frank LoBiondo R New Jersey 2
62 Zoe Lofgren D California 19
63 Mac Thornberry R Texas 13 Chair: Armed Services
64 Elijah Cummings D Maryland 7 April 16, 1996 Ranking Member: Oversight and Government Reform
65 Earl Blumenauer D Oregon 3 May 21, 1996  
66 Robert Aderholt R Alabama 4 January 3, 1997
67 Kevin Brady R Texas 8 Chair: Ways and Means
68 Danny Davis D Illinois 7  
69 Diana DeGette D Colorado 1
70 Kay Granger R Texas 12
71 Rubén Hinojosa D Texas 15
72 Ron Kind D Wisconsin 3
73 Jim McGovern D Massachusetts 2
74 Bill Pascrell D New Jersey 9
75 Joe Pitts R Pennsylvania 16
76 Loretta Sanchez D California 46
77 Pete Sessions R Texas 32 Chair: Rules
78 Brad Sherman D California 30  
79 John Shimkus R Illinois 15
80 Adam Smith D Washington 9 Ranking Member: Armed Services
81 Gregory Meeks D New York 5 February 3, 1998  
82 Lois Capps D California 24 March 10, 1998
83 Barbara Lee D California 13 April 7, 1998
84 Robert Brady D Pennsylvania 1 May 19, 1998 Ranking Member: House Administration
85 Steve Chabot R Ohio 1 January 3, 2011
Previous service, 1995–2009.[2]
Chair: Small Business
86 Mike Capuano D Massachusetts 7 January 3, 1999  
87 Joe Crowley D New York 14
88 John Larson D Connecticut 1
89 Grace Napolitano D California 32
90 Paul Ryan R Wisconsin 1 Speaker of the House
91 Jan Schakowsky D Illinois 9  
92 Mike Simpson R Idaho 2
93 Mike Thompson D California 5
94 Greg Walden R Oregon 2
95 William Lacy Clay D Missouri 1 January 3, 2001
96 Ander Crenshaw R Florida 4
97 John Culberson R Texas 7
98 Susan Davis D California 53
99 Sam Graves R Missouri 6
100 Mike Honda D California 17
101 Steve Israel D New York 3
102 Darrell Issa R California 49
103 James Langevin D Rhode Island 2
104 Rick Larsen D Washington 2
105 Betty McCollum D Minnesota 4
106 Adam Schiff D California 28 Ranking Member: Intelligence
107 Patrick Tiberi R Ohio 12  
108 Bill Shuster R Pennsylvania 9 May 15, 2001 Chair: Transportation and Infrastructure
109 Randy Forbes R Virginia 4 June 19, 2001  
110 Stephen Lynch D Massachusetts 8 October 16, 2001
111 Jeff Miller R Florida 1 Chair: Veterans' Affairs
112 Joe Wilson R South Carolina 2 December 18, 2001  
113 Rob Bishop R Utah 1 January 3, 2003 Chair: Natural Resources
114 Marsha Blackburn R Tennessee 7  
115 Michael Burgess R Texas 26
116 John Carter R Texas 31
117 Tom Cole R Oklahoma 4
118 Mario Diaz-Balart R Florida 25
119 Trent Franks R Arizona 8
120 Scott Garrett R New Jersey 5
121 Raúl Grijalva D Arizona 3 Ranking Member: Natural Resources
122 Jeb Hensarling R Texas 5 Chair: Financial Services
123 Steve King R Iowa 4  
124 John Kline R Minnesota 2 Chair: Education and the Workforce
125 Candice Miller R Michigan 10 Chair: House Administration
126 Tim Murphy R Pennsylvania 18  
127 Devin Nunes R California 22 Chair: Intelligence
128 Mike D. Rogers R Alabama 3  
129 Dutch Ruppersberger D Maryland 2
130 Tim Ryan D Ohio 13
131 Linda Sánchez D California 38 Ranking Member: Ethics
132 David Scott D Georgia 13  
133 Michael Turner R Ohio 10
134 Chris Van Hollen D Maryland 8 Ranking Member: Budget
135 Randy Neugebauer R Texas 19 June 3, 2003  
136 G. K. Butterfield D North Carolina 1 July 20, 2004
137 Charles Boustany R Louisiana 3 January 3, 2005
138 Emanuel Cleaver D Missouri 5
139 Mike Conaway R Texas 11 Chair: Agriculture
140 Jim Costa D California 16  
141 Henry Cuellar D Texas 28
142 Charlie Dent R Pennsylvania 15 Chair: Ethics
143 Jeff Fortenberry R Nebraska 1  
144 Virginia Foxx R North Carolina 5
145 Louie Gohmert R Texas 1
146 Al Green D Texas 9
147 Brian Higgins D New York 26
148 Dan Lipinski D Illinois 3
149 Kenny Marchant R Texas 24
150 Michael McCaul R Texas 10 Chair: Homeland Security
151 Patrick McHenry R North Carolina 10  
152 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R Washington 5 Republican Conference Chairwoman
153 Gwen Moore D Wisconsin 4  
154 Ted Poe R Texas 2
155 Tom Price R Georgia 6 Chair: Budget
156 Dave Reichert R Washington 8  
157 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D Florida 23
158 Lynn Westmoreland R Georgia 3
159 Doris Matsui D California 6 March 8, 2005
160 Albio Sires D New Jersey 8 November 7, 2006
161 Steve Pearce R New Mexico 2 January 3, 2011
Previous service, 2003–2009.[2]
162 Gus Bilirakis R Florida 12 January 3, 2007  
163 Vern Buchanan R Florida 16
164 Kathy Castor D Florida 14
165 Yvette D. Clarke D New York 9
166 Steve Cohen D Tennessee 9
167 Joe Courtney D Connecticut 2
168 Keith Ellison D Minnesota 5
169 Hank Johnson D Georgia 4
170 Jim Jordan R Ohio 4
171 Doug Lamborn R Colorado 5
172 Dave Loebsack D Iowa 2
173 Kevin McCarthy R California 23 Majority Leader
174 Jerry McNerney D California 9  
175 Ed Perlmutter D Colorado 7
176 Peter Roskam R Illinois 6
177 John Sarbanes D Maryland 3
178 Adrian Smith R Nebraska 3
179 Tim Walz D Minnesota 1
180 Peter Welch D Vermont at-large
181 John Yarmuth D Kentucky 3
182 Niki Tsongas D Massachusetts 3 October 16, 2007
183 Bob Latta R Ohio 5 December 11, 2007
184 Rob Wittman R Virginia 1
185 André Carson D Indiana 7 March 11, 2008
186 Jackie Speier D California 14 April 8, 2008
187 Steve Scalise R Louisiana 1 May 3, 2008 Majority Whip
188 Donna Edwards D Maryland 4 June 17, 2008  
189 Marcia Fudge D Ohio 11 November 18, 2008
190 Rick Nolan D Minnesota 8 January 3, 2013
Previous service, 1975–1981.[2]
191 Matt Salmon R Arizona 5 January 3, 2013
Previous service, 1995–2001.[2]
192 Mark Sanford R South Carolina 1 May 7, 2013
Previous service, 1995–2001.[2]
193 Jason Chaffetz R Utah 3 January 3, 2009 Chair: Oversight and Government Reform
194 Mike Coffman R Colorado 6  
195 Gerry Connolly D Virginia 11
196 John C. Fleming R Louisiana 4
197 Brett Guthrie R Kentucky 2
198 Gregg Harper R Mississippi 3
199 Jim Himes D Connecticut 4
200 Duncan D. Hunter R California 50
201 Lynn Jenkins R Kansas 2
202 Leonard Lance R New Jersey 7
203 Blaine Luetkemeyer R Missouri 3
204 Ben R. Luján D New Mexico 3
205 Cynthia Lummis R Wyoming at-large
206 Tom McClintock R California 4
207 Pete Olson R Texas 22
208 Erik Paulsen R Minnesota 3
209 Chellie Pingree D Maine 1
210 Jared Polis D Colorado 2
211 Bill Posey R Florida 8
212 Phil Roe R Tennessee 1
213 Tom Rooney R Florida 17
214 Kurt Schrader D Oregon 5
215 Glenn Thompson R Pennsylvania 5
216 Paul Tonko D New York 20
217 Michael Quigley D Illinois 5 April 7, 2009
218 Judy Chu D California 27 July 14, 2009
219 John Garamendi D California 3 November 3, 2009
220 Ted Deutch D Florida 21 April 13, 2010
221 Tom Graves R Georgia 14 June 8, 2010
222 Tom Reed R New York 23 November 2, 2010
223 Marlin Stutzman R Indiana 3
224 Mike Fitzpatrick R Pennsylvania 8 January 3, 2011
Previous service, 2005–2007.[2]
225 Tim Walberg R Michigan 7 January 3, 2011
Previous service, 2007–2009.[2]
226 Bill Foster D Illinois 11 January 3, 2013
Previous service, 2008–2011.[2]
227 Justin Amash R Michigan 3 January 3, 2011
228 Lou Barletta R Pennsylvania 11
229 Karen Bass D California 37
230 Dan Benishek R Michigan 1
231 Diane Black R Tennessee 6
232 Mo Brooks R Alabama 5
233 Larry Bucshon R Indiana 8
234 John Carney D Delaware at-large
235 David Cicilline D Rhode Island 1
236 Rick Crawford R Arkansas 1
237 Jeff Denham R California 10
238 Scott DesJarlais R Tennessee 4
239 Sean Duffy R Wisconsin 7
240 Jeff Duncan R South Carolina 3
241 Renee Ellmers R North Carolina 2
242 Blake Farenthold R Texas 27
243 Stephen Fincher R Tennessee 8
243 Chuck Fleischmann R Tennessee 3
245 Bill Flores R Texas 17
246 Bob Gibbs R Ohio 7
247 Chris Gibson R New York 19
248 Paul Gosar R Arizona 4
249 Trey Gowdy R South Carolina 4
250 Morgan Griffith R Virginia 9
251 Richard Hanna R New York 22
252 Andy Harris R Maryland 1
253 Vicky Hartzler R Missouri 4
254 Joe Heck R Nevada 3
255 Jaime Herrera Beutler R Washington 3
256 Tim Huelskamp R Kansas 1
257 Bill Huizenga R Michigan 2
258 Randy Hultgren R Illinois 14
259 Robert Hurt R Virginia 5
260 Bill Johnson R Ohio 6
261 Bill Keating D Massachusetts 9
262 Mike Kelly R Pennsylvania 3
263 Adam Kinzinger R Illinois 16
264 Raúl Labrador R Idaho 1
265 Billy Long R Missouri 7
266 Tom Marino R Pennsylvania 10
267 David McKinley R West Virginia 1
268 Pat Meehan R Pennsylvania 7
269 Mick Mulvaney R South Carolina 5
270 Kristi Noem R South Dakota at-large
271 Rich Nugent R Florida 11
272 Steven Palazzo R Mississippi 4
273 Mike Pompeo R Kansas 4
274 Jim Renacci R Ohio 16
275 Reid Ribble R Wisconsin 8
276 Cedric Richmond D Louisiana 2
277 Scott Rigell R Virginia 2
278 Martha Roby R Alabama 2
279 Todd Rokita R Indiana 4
280 Dennis Ross R Florida 15
281 David Schweikert R Arizona 6
282 Austin Scott R Georgia 8
283 Terri Sewell D Alabama 7
284 Steve Stivers R Ohio 15
285 Scott Tipton R Colorado 3
286 Daniel Webster R Florida 10
287 Frederica Wilson D Florida 24
288 Steve Womack R Arkansas 3
289 Rob Woodall R Georgia 7
290 Kevin Yoder R Kansas 3
291 Todd Young R Indiana 9
292 Janice Hahn D California 44 July 12, 2011
293 Mark Amodei R Nevada 2 September 13, 2011
294 Suzanne Bonamici D Oregon 1 January 31, 2012
295 Suzan DelBene D Washington 1 November 6, 2012
296 Thomas Massie R Kentucky 4
297 Donald Payne, Jr. D New Jersey 10
298 Alan Grayson D Florida 9 January 3, 2013
Previous service, 2009–2011.[2]
299 Ann Kirkpatrick D Arizona 1
300 Dina Titus D Nevada 1
301 Andy Barr R Kentucky 6 January 3, 2013
302 Joyce Beatty D Ohio 3
303 Ami Bera D California 7
304 Jim Bridenstine R Oklahoma 1
305 Susan Brooks R Indiana 5
306 Julia Brownley D California 26
307 Cheri Bustos D Illinois 17
308 Tony Cardenas D California 29
309 Matt Cartwright D Pennsylvania 17
310 Joaquin Castro D Texas 20
311 Chris Collins R New York 27
312 Doug Collins R Georgia 9
313 Paul Cook R California 8
314 Kevin Cramer R North Dakota at-large
315 Rodney Davis R Illinois 13
316 John Delaney D Maryland 6
317 Ron DeSantis R Florida 6
318 Tammy Duckworth D Illinois 8
319 Elizabeth Esty D Connecticut 5
320 Lois Frankel D Florida 22
321 Tulsi Gabbard D Hawaii 2
322 Dennis Heck D Washington 10
323 George Holding R North Carolina 13
324 Richard Hudson R North Carolina 8
325 Jared Huffman D California 2
326 Hakeem Jeffries D New York 8
327 David Joyce R Ohio 14
328 Joseph Kennedy III D Massachusetts 4
329 Dan Kildee D Michigan 5
330 Derek Kilmer D Washington 6
331 Ann McLane Kuster D New Hampshire 2
332 Doug LaMalfa R California 1
333 Alan Lowenthal D California 47
334 Michelle Lujan Grisham D New Mexico 1
335 Sean Patrick Maloney D New York 18
336 Mark Meadows R North Carolina 11
337 Grace Meng D New York 6
338 Luke Messer R Indiana 6
339 Markwayne Mullin R Oklahoma 2
340 Patrick Murphy D Florida 18
341 Beto O'Rourke D Texas 16
342 Scott Perry R Pennsylvania 4
343 Scott Peters D California 52
344 Robert Pittenger R North Carolina 9
345 Mark Pocan D Wisconsin 2
346 Tom Rice R South Carolina 7
347 Keith Rothfus R Pennsylvania 12
348 Raul Ruiz D California 36
349 Kyrsten Sinema D Arizona 9
350 Chris Stewart R Utah 2
351 Eric Swalwell D California 15
352 Mark Takano D California 41
353 David Valadao R California 21
354 Juan Vargas D California 51
355 Marc Veasey D Texas 33
356 Filemon Vela D Texas 34
357 Ann Wagner R Missouri 2
358 Jackie Walorski R Indiana 2
359 Randy Weber R Texas 14
360 Brad Wenstrup R Ohio 2
361 Roger Williams R Texas 25
362 Ted Yoho R Florida 3
363 Robin Kelly D Illinois 2 April 9, 2013
364 Jason Smith R Missouri 8 June 4, 2013
365 Katherine Clark D Massachusetts 5 December 10, 2013
366 Bradley Byrne R Alabama 1 December 17, 2013
367 David Jolly R Florida 13 March 11, 2014
368 Curt Clawson R Florida 19 June 24, 2014
369 Alma Adams D North Carolina 12 November 4, 2014
370 Dave Brat R Virginia 7
371 Donald Norcross D New Jersey 1
372 Robert Dold R Illinois 10 January 3, 2015
Previous service, 2011–2013.[2]
373 Frank Guinta R New Hampshire 1
374 Ralph Abraham R Louisiana 5 January 3, 2015
375 Pete Aguilar D California 31
376 Rick W. Allen R Georgia 12
377 Brad Ashford D Nebraska 2
378 Brian Babin R Texas 36
379 Don Beyer D Virginia 8
380 Mike Bishop R Michigan 8
381 Rod Blum R Iowa 1
382 Mike Bost R Illinois 12
383 Brendan Boyle D Pennsylvania 13
384 Ken Buck R Colorado 4
385 Buddy Carter R Georgia 1
386 Barbara Comstock R Virginia 10
387 Ryan Costello R Pennsylvania 6
388 Carlos Curbelo R Florida 26
389 Mark DeSaulnier D California 11
390 Debbie Dingell D Michigan 12
391 Tom Emmer R Minnesota 6
392 Ruben Gallego D Arizona 7
393 Gwen Graham D Florida 2
394 Garret Graves R Louisiana 6
395 Glenn Grothman R Wisconsin 6
396 Cresent Hardy R Nevada 4
397 Jody Hice R Georgia 10
398 French Hill R Arkansas 2
399 Will Hurd R Texas 23
400 Evan Jenkins R West Virginia 3
401 John Katko R New York 24
402 Steve Knight R California 25
403 Brenda Lawrence D Michigan 14
404 Ted Lieu D California 33
405 Barry Loudermilk R Georgia 11
406 Mia Love R Utah 4
407 Tom MacArthur R New Jersey 3
408 Martha McSally R Arizona 2
409 John Moolenaar R Michigan 4
410 Alex Mooney R West Virginia 2
411 Seth Moulton D Massachusetts 6
412 Dan Newhouse R Washington 4
413 Gary Palmer R Alabama 6
414 Bruce Poliquin R Maine 2
415 John Ratcliffe R Texas 4
416 Kathleen Rice D New York 4
417 David Rouzer R North Carolina 7
418 Steve Russell R Oklahoma 5
419 Elise Stefanik R New York 21
420 Norma Torres D California 35
421 David Trott R Michigan 11
422 Mark Walker R North Carolina 6
423 Mimi Walters R California 45
424 Bonnie Watson Coleman D New Jersey 12
425 Bruce Westerman R Arkansas 4
426 David Young R Iowa 3
427 Lee Zeldin R New York 1
428 Ryan Zinke R Montana at-large
429 Dan Donovan R New York 11 May 5, 2015
430 Trent Kelly R Mississippi 1 June 2, 2015
431 Darin LaHood R Illinois 18 September 10, 2015
432 Warren Davidson R Ohio 8 June 7, 2016

Delegates[edit]

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Notes
1 Eleanor Holmes Norton D DC January 3, 1991
2 Madeleine Bordallo D GU January 3, 2003
3 Pedro Pierluisi NPP/D PR January 3, 2009
4 Gregorio Sablan D NMI
5 Stacey Plaskett D VI January 3, 2015
6 Amata Coleman Radewagen R AS

References[edit]

  1. ^ House Seniority and Committee Leadership
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]