Seniority in the United States House of Representatives

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This is a complete list of current members of the U.S. House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.

Currently, there is one vacancy in the House due to a resignation in Ohio's 8th congressional district. Former Speaker John Boehner resigned his seat October 31, 2015.

Standards for seniority[edit]

Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House are credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began January 3, 1999, and after. When a representative has served a prior term of fewer than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), he or she is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.[citation needed]

Benefits of seniority[edit]

Committee chairmanship in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership has a stronger hand in choosing chairmen and ranking minority members, and does so based on voting records and campaign fundraising.[1] However, party leadership is not strictly associated with seniority.

Current seniority list[edit]

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Committee and leadership positions
1 John Conyers D Michigan 13 January 3, 1965 Dean of the House
Ranking Member: Judiciary
2 Charles Rangel D New York 13 January 3, 1971  
3 Don Young R Alaska at-large March 6, 1973
4 James Sensenbrenner R Wisconsin 5 January 3, 1979
5 Hal Rogers R Kentucky 5 January 3, 1981 Chair: Appropriations
6 Christopher Smith R New Jersey 4  
7 Steny Hoyer D Maryland 5 May 19, 1981 Minority Whip
8 Marcy Kaptur D Ohio 9 January 3, 1983  
9 Sander Levin D Michigan 9 Ranking Member: Ways and Means
10 Joe Barton R Texas 6 January 3, 1985  
11 Pete Visclosky D Indiana 1
12 Peter DeFazio D Oregon 4 January 3, 1987 Ranking Member: Transportation and Infrastructure
13 John Lewis D Georgia 5  
14 Louise Slaughter D New York 25 Ranking Member: Rules
15 Lamar Smith R Texas 21 Chair: Science, Space and Technology
16 Fred Upton R Michigan 6 Chair: Energy and Commerce
17 Nancy Pelosi D California 12 June 2, 1987 Minority Leader
18 John Duncan R Tennessee 2 November 8, 1988  
19 Frank Pallone D New Jersey 6 Ranking Member: Energy and Commerce
20 Eliot Engel D New York 16 January 3, 1989 Ranking Member: Foreign Affairs
21 Nita Lowey D New York 17 Ranking Member: Appropriations
22 Jim McDermott D Washington 7  
23 Richard Neal D Massachusetts 1
24 Dana Rohrabacher R California 48
25 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R Florida 27 August 29, 1989
26 José Serrano D New York 15 March 20, 1990
27 David Price D North Carolina 4 January 3, 1997
Previous service, 1987–1995.[2]
28 Rosa DeLauro D Connecticut 3 January 3, 1991
29 Collin Peterson D Minnesota 7 Ranking Member: Agriculture
30 Maxine Waters D California 43 Ranking Member: Financial Services
31 Sam Johnson R Texas 3 May 8, 1991  
32 Jerrold Nadler D New York 10 November 3, 1992
33 Jim Cooper D Tennessee 5 January 3, 2003
Previous service, 1983–1995.[2]
34 Xavier Becerra D California 34 January 3, 1993 Democratic Caucus Chairman
35 Sanford Bishop D Georgia 2  
36 Corrine Brown D Florida 5 Ranking Member: Veterans' Affairs
37 Ken Calvert R California 42  
38 Jim Clyburn D South Carolina 6 Assistant Minority Leader
39 Anna Eshoo D California 18  
40 Bob Goodlatte R Virginia 6 Chair: Judiciary
41 Gene Green D Texas 29  
42 Luis Gutiérrez D Illinois 4
43 Alcee Hastings D Florida 20
44 Eddie Bernice Johnson D Texas 30 Ranking Member: Science, Space and Technology
45 Peter King R New York 2  
46 Carolyn Maloney D New York 12
47 John Mica R Florida 7
48 Lucille Roybal-Allard D California 40
49 Ed Royce R California 39 Chair: Foreign Affairs
50 Bobby Rush D Illinois 1  
51 Bobby Scott D Virginia 3 Ranking Member: Education and the Workforce
52 Nydia Velázquez D New York 7 Ranking Member: Small Business
53 Bennie Thompson D Mississippi 2 April 13, 1993 Ranking Member: Homeland Security
54 Sam Farr D California 20 June 8, 1993  
55 Frank Lucas R Oklahoma 3 May 10, 1994
56 Lloyd Doggett D Texas 35 January 3, 1995
57 Mike Doyle D Pennsylvania 14
58 Chaka Fattah D Pennsylvania 2
59 Rodney Frelinghuysen R New Jersey 11
60 Sheila Jackson-Lee D Texas 18
61 Walter B. Jones R North Carolina 3
62 Frank LoBiondo R New Jersey 2
63 Zoe Lofgren D California 19
64 Mac Thornberry R Texas 13 Chair: Armed Services
65 Ed Whitfield R Kentucky 1  
66 Elijah Cummings D Maryland 7 April 16, 1996 Ranking Member: Oversight and Government Reform
67 Earl Blumenauer D Oregon 3 May 21, 1996  
68 Robert Aderholt R Alabama 4 January 3, 1997
69 Kevin Brady R Texas 8 Chair: Ways and Means
70 Danny Davis D Illinois 7  
71 Diana DeGette D Colorado 1
72 Kay Granger R Texas 12
73 Rubén Hinojosa D Texas 15
74 Ron Kind D Wisconsin 3
75 Jim McGovern D Massachusetts 2
76 Bill Pascrell D New Jersey 9
77 Joe Pitts R Pennsylvania 16
78 Loretta Sanchez D California 46
79 Pete Sessions R Texas 32 Chair: Rules
80 Brad Sherman D California 30  
81 John Shimkus R Illinois 15
82 Adam Smith D Washington 9 Ranking Member: Armed Services
83 Gregory Meeks D New York 5 February 3, 1998  
84 Lois Capps D California 24 March 10, 1998
85 Barbara Lee D California 13 April 7, 1998
86 Robert Brady D Pennsylvania 1 May 19, 1998 Ranking Member: House Administration
87 Steve Chabot R Ohio 1 January 3, 2011
Previous service, 1995–2009.[2]
Chair: Small Business
88 Mike Capuano D Massachusetts 7 January 3, 1999  
89 Joe Crowley D New York 14
90 John Larson D Connecticut 1
91 Grace Napolitano D California 32
92 Paul Ryan R Wisconsin 1 Speaker of the House
93 Jan Schakowsky D Illinois 9  
94 Mike Simpson R Idaho 2
95 Mike Thompson D California 5
96 Greg Walden R Oregon 2
97 William Lacy Clay D Missouri 1 January 3, 2001
98 Ander Crenshaw R Florida 4
99 John Culberson R Texas 7
100 Susan Davis D California 53
101 Sam Graves R Missouri 6
102 Mike Honda D California 15
103 Steve Israel D New York 3
104 Darrell Issa R California 49
105 James Langevin D Rhode Island 2
106 Rick Larsen D Washington 2
107 Betty McCollum D Minnesota 4
108 Adam Schiff D California 28 Ranking Member: Intelligence
109 Patrick Tiberi R Ohio 12  
110 Bill Shuster R Pennsylvania 9 May 15, 2001 Chair: Transportation and Infrastructure
111 Randy Forbes R Virginia 4 June 19, 2001  
112 Stephen Lynch D Massachusetts 8 October 16, 2001
113 Jeff Miller R Florida 1 Chair: Veterans' Affairs
114 Joe Wilson R South Carolina 2 December 18, 2001  
115 Rob Bishop R Utah 1 January 3, 2003 Chair: Natural Resources
116 Marsha Blackburn R Tennessee 7  
117 Michael Burgess R Texas 26
118 John Carter R Texas 31
119 Tom Cole R Oklahoma 4
120 Mario Diaz-Balart R Florida 25
121 Trent Franks R Arizona 8
122 Scott Garrett R New Jersey 5
123 Raúl Grijalva D Arizona 3 Ranking Member: Natural Resources
124 Jeb Hensarling R Texas 5 Chair: Financial Services
125 Steve King R Iowa 4  
126 John Kline R Minnesota 2 Chair: Education and the Workforce
127 Candice Miller R Michigan 10 Chair: House Administration
128 Tim Murphy R Pennsylvania 18  
129 Devin Nunes R California 22 Chair: Intelligence
130 Mike D. Rogers R Alabama 3  
131 Dutch Ruppersberger D Maryland 2
132 Tim Ryan D Ohio 13
133 Linda Sánchez D California 38 Ranking Member: Ethics
134 David Scott D Georgia 13  
135 Michael Turner R Ohio 10
136 Chris Van Hollen D Maryland 8 Ranking Member: Budget
137 Randy Neugebauer R Texas 19 June 3, 2003  
138 G. K. Butterfield D North Carolina 1 July 20, 2004
139 Charles Boustany R Louisiana 3 January 3, 2005
140 Emanuel Cleaver D Missouri 5
141 Mike Conaway R Texas 11 Chair: Agriculture
142 Jim Costa D California 16  
143 Henry Cuellar D Texas 28
144 Charlie Dent R Pennsylvania 15 Chair: Ethics
145 Jeff Fortenberry R Nebraska 1  
146 Virginia Foxx R North Carolina 5
147 Louie Gohmert R Texas 1
148 Al Green D Texas 9
149 Brian Higgins D New York 26
150 Dan Lipinski D Illinois 3
151 Kenny Marchant R Texas 24
152 Michael McCaul R Texas 10 Chair: Homeland Security
153 Patrick McHenry R North Carolina 10  
154 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R Washington 5 Republican Conference Chairwoman
155 Gwen Moore D Wisconsin 4  
156 Ted Poe R Texas 2
157 Tom Price R Georgia 6 Chair: Budget
158 Dave Reichert R Washington 8  
159 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D Florida 23
160 Lynn Westmoreland R Georgia 3
161 Doris Matsui D California 6 March 8, 2005
162 Albio Sires D New Jersey 8 November 7, 2006
163 Steve Pearce R New Mexico 2 January 3, 2011
Previous service, 2003–2009.[2]
164 Gus Bilirakis R Florida 12 January 3, 2007  
165 Vern Buchanan R Florida 16
166 Kathy Castor D Florida 14
167 Yvette D. Clarke D New York 9
168 Steve Cohen D Tennessee 9
169 Joe Courtney D Connecticut 2
170 Keith Ellison D Minnesota 5
171 Hank Johnson D Georgia 4
172 Jim Jordan R Ohio 4
173 Doug Lamborn R Colorado 5
174 Dave Loebsack D Iowa 2
175 Kevin McCarthy R California 23 Majority Leader
176 Jerry McNerney D California 9  
177 Ed Perlmutter D Colorado 7
178 Peter Roskam R Illinois 6
179 John Sarbanes D Maryland 3
180 Adrian Smith R Nebraska 3
181 Tim Walz D Minnesota 1
182 Peter Welch D Vermont at-large
183 John Yarmuth D Kentucky 3
184 Niki Tsongas D Massachusetts 3 October 16, 2007
185 Bob Latta R Ohio 5 December 11, 2007
186 Rob Wittman R Virginia 1
187 André Carson D Indiana 7 March 11, 2008
188 Jackie Speier D California 14 April 8, 2008
189 Steve Scalise R Louisiana 1 May 3, 2008 Majority Whip
190 Donna Edwards D Maryland 4 June 17, 2008  
191 Marcia Fudge D Ohio 11 November 18, 2008
192 Rick Nolan D Minnesota 8 January 3, 2013
Previous service, 1975–1981.[2]
193 Matt Salmon R Arizona 5 January 3, 2013
Previous service, 1995–2001.[2]
194 Mark Sanford R South Carolina 1 May 7, 2013
Previous service, 1995–2001.[2]
195 Jason Chaffetz R Utah 3 January 3, 2009 Chair: Oversight and Government Reform
196 Mike Coffman R Colorado 6  
197 Gerry Connolly D Virginia 11
198 John C. Fleming R Louisiana 4
199 Brett Guthrie R Kentucky 2
200 Gregg Harper R Mississippi 3
201 Jim Himes D Connecticut 4
202 Duncan D. Hunter R California 50
203 Lynn Jenkins R Kansas 2
204 Leonard Lance R New Jersey 7
205 Blaine Luetkemeyer R Missouri 3
206 Ben R. Luján D New Mexico 3
207 Cynthia Lummis R Wyoming at-large
208 Tom McClintock R California 4
209 Pete Olson R Texas 22
210 Erik Paulsen R Minnesota 3
211 Chellie Pingree D Maine 1
212 Jared Polis D Colorado 2
213 Bill Posey R Florida 8
214 Phil Roe R Tennessee 1
215 Tom Rooney R Florida 17
216 Kurt Schrader D Oregon 5
217 Glenn Thompson R Pennsylvania 5
218 Paul Tonko D New York 20
219 Michael Quigley D Illinois 5 April 7, 2009
220 Judy Chu D California 27 July 14, 2009
221 John Garamendi D California 3 November 3, 2009
222 Ted Deutch D Florida 21 April 13, 2010
223 Tom Graves R Georgia 14 June 8, 2010
224 Tom Reed R New York 23 November 2, 2010
225 Marlin Stutzman R Indiana 3
226 Mike Fitzpatrick R Pennsylvania 8 January 3, 2011
Previous service, 2005–2007.[2]
227 Tim Walberg R Michigan 7 January 3, 2011
Previous service, 2007–2009.[2]
228 Bill Foster D Illinois 11 January 3, 2013
Previous service, 2008–2011.[2]
229 Justin Amash R Michigan 3 January 3, 2011
230 Lou Barletta R Pennsylvania 11
231 Karen Bass D California 37
232 Dan Benishek R Michigan 1
233 Diane Black R Tennessee 6
234 Mo Brooks R Alabama 5
235 Larry Bucshon R Indiana 8
236 John Carney D Delaware at-large
237 David Cicilline D Rhode Island 1
238 Rick Crawford R Arkansas 1
239 Jeff Denham R California 10
240 Scott DesJarlais R Tennessee 4
241 Sean Duffy R Wisconsin 7
242 Jeff Duncan R South Carolina 3
243 Renee Ellmers R North Carolina 2
244 Blake Farenthold R Texas 27
245 Stephen Fincher R Tennessee 8
246 Chuck Fleischmann R Tennessee 3
247 Bill Flores R Texas 17
248 Bob Gibbs R Ohio 7
249 Chris Gibson R New York 19
250 Paul Gosar R Arizona 4
251 Trey Gowdy R South Carolina 4
252 Morgan Griffith R Virginia 9
253 Richard Hanna R New York 22
254 Andy Harris R Maryland 1
255 Vicky Hartzler R Missouri 4
256 Joe Heck R Nevada 3
257 Jaime Herrera Beutler R Washington 3
258 Tim Huelskamp R Kansas 1
259 Bill Huizenga R Michigan 2
260 Randy Hultgren R Illinois 14
261 Robert Hurt R Virginia 5
262 Bill Johnson R Ohio 6
263 Bill Keating D Massachusetts 9
264 Mike Kelly R Pennsylvania 3
265 Adam Kinzinger R Illinois 16
266 Raúl Labrador R Idaho 1
267 Billy Long R Missouri 7
268 Tom Marino R Pennsylvania 10
269 David McKinley R West Virginia 1
270 Pat Meehan R Pennsylvania 7
271 Mick Mulvaney R South Carolina 5
272 Kristi Noem R South Dakota at-large
273 Rich Nugent R Florida 11
274 Steven Palazzo R Mississippi 4
275 Mike Pompeo R Kansas 4
276 Jim Renacci R Ohio 16
277 Reid Ribble R Wisconsin 8
278 Cedric Richmond D Louisiana 2
279 Scott Rigell R Virginia 2
280 Martha Roby R Alabama 2
281 Todd Rokita R Indiana 4
282 Dennis Ross R Florida 15
283 David Schweikert R Arizona 6
284 Austin Scott R Georgia 8
285 Terri Sewell D Alabama 7
286 Steve Stivers R Ohio 15
287 Scott Tipton R Colorado 3
288 Daniel Webster R Florida 10
289 Frederica Wilson D Florida 24
290 Steve Womack R Arkansas 3
291 Rob Woodall R Georgia 7
292 Kevin Yoder R Kansas 3
293 Todd Young R Indiana 9
294 Janice Hahn D California 44 July 12, 2011
295 Mark Amodei R Nevada 2 September 13, 2011
296 Suzanne Bonamici D Oregon 1 January 31, 2012
297 Suzan DelBene D Washington 1 November 6, 2012
298 Thomas Massie R Kentucky 4
299 Donald Payne, Jr. D New Jersey 10
300 Alan Grayson D Florida 9 January 3, 2013
Previous service, 2009–2011.[2]
301 Ann Kirkpatrick D Arizona 1
302 Dina Titus D Nevada 1
303 Andy Barr R Kentucky 6 January 3, 2013
304 Joyce Beatty D Ohio 3
305 Ami Bera D California 7
306 Jim Bridenstine R Oklahoma 1
307 Susan Brooks R Indiana 5
308 Julia Brownley D California 26
309 Cheri Bustos D Illinois 17
310 Tony Cardenas D California 29
311 Matt Cartwright D Pennsylvania 17
312 Joaquin Castro D Texas 20
313 Chris Collins R New York 27
314 Doug Collins R Georgia 9
315 Paul Cook R California 8
316 Kevin Cramer R North Dakota at-large
317 Rodney Davis R Illinois 13
318 John Delaney D Maryland 6
319 Ron DeSantis R Florida 6
320 Tammy Duckworth D Illinois 8
321 Elizabeth Esty D Connecticut 5
322 Lois Frankel D Florida 22
323 Tulsi Gabbard D Hawaii 2
324 Dennis Heck D Washington 10
325 George Holding R North Carolina 13
326 Richard Hudson R North Carolina 8
327 Jared Huffman D California 2
328 Hakeem Jeffries D New York 8
329 David Joyce R Ohio 14
330 Joseph Kennedy III D Massachusetts 4
331 Dan Kildee D Michigan 5
332 Derek Kilmer D Washington 6
333 Ann McLane Kuster D New Hampshire 2
334 Doug LaMalfa R California 1
335 Alan Lowenthal D California 47
336 Michelle Lujan Grisham D New Mexico 1
337 Sean Patrick Maloney D New York 18
338 Mark Meadows R North Carolina 11
339 Grace Meng D New York 6
340 Luke Messer R Indiana 6
341 Markwayne Mullin R Oklahoma 2
342 Patrick Murphy D Florida 18
343 Beto O'Rourke D Texas 16
344 Scott Perry R Pennsylvania 4
345 Scott Peters D California 52
346 Robert Pittenger R North Carolina 9
347 Mark Pocan D Wisconsin 2
348 Tom Rice R South Carolina 7
349 Keith Rothfus R Pennsylvania 12
350 Raul Ruiz D California 36
351 Kyrsten Sinema D Arizona 9
352 Chris Stewart R Utah 2
353 Eric Swalwell D California 15
354 Mark Takano D California 41
355 David Valadao R California 21
356 Juan Vargas D California 51
357 Marc Veasey D Texas 33
358 Filemon Vela D Texas 34
359 Ann Wagner R Missouri 2
360 Jackie Walorski R Indiana 2
361 Randy Weber R Texas 14
362 Brad Wenstrup R Ohio 2
363 Roger Williams R Texas 25
364 Ted Yoho R Florida 3
365 Robin Kelly D Illinois 2 April 9, 2013
366 Jason Smith R Missouri 8 June 4, 2013
367 Katherine Clark D Massachusetts 5 December 10, 2013
368 Bradley Byrne R Alabama 1 December 17, 2013
369 David Jolly R Florida 13 March 11, 2014
370 Curt Clawson R Florida 19 June 24, 2014
371 Alma Adams D North Carolina 12 November 4, 2014
372 Dave Brat R Virginia 7
373 Donald Norcross D New Jersey 1
374 Robert Dold R Illinois 10 January 3, 2015
Previous service, 2011–2013.[2]
375 Frank Guinta R New Hampshire 1
376 Ralph Abraham R Louisiana 5 January 3, 2015
377 Pete Aguilar D California 31
378 Rick W. Allen R Georgia 12
379 Brad Ashford D Nebraska 2
380 Brian Babin R Texas 36
381 Don Beyer D Virginia 8
382 Mike Bishop R Michigan 8
383 Rod Blum R Iowa 1
384 Mike Bost R Illinois 12
385 Brendan Boyle D Pennsylvania 13
386 Ken Buck R Colorado 4
387 Buddy Carter R Georgia 1
388 Barbara Comstock R Virginia 10
389 Ryan Costello R Pennsylvania 6
390 Carlos Curbelo R Florida 26
391 Mark DeSaulnier D California 11
392 Debbie Dingell D Michigan 12
393 Tom Emmer R Minnesota 6
394 Ruben Gallego D Arizona 7
395 Gwen Graham D Florida 2
396 Garret Graves R Louisiana 6
397 Glenn Grothman R Wisconsin 6
398 Cresent Hardy R Nevada 4
399 Jody Hice R Georgia 10
400 French Hill R Arkansas 2
401 Will Hurd R Texas 23
402 Evan Jenkins R West Virginia 3
403 John Katko R New York 24
404 Steve Knight R California 25
405 Brenda Lawrence D Michigan 14
406 Ted Lieu D California 33
407 Barry Loudermilk R Georgia 11
408 Mia Love R Utah 4
409 Tom MacArthur R New Jersey 3
410 Martha McSally R Arizona 2
411 John Moolenaar R Michigan 4
412 Alex Mooney R West Virginia 2
413 Seth Moulton D Massachusetts 6
414 Dan Newhouse R Washington 4
415 Gary Palmer R Alabama 6
416 Bruce Poliquin R Maine 2
417 John Ratcliffe R Texas 4
418 Kathleen Rice D New York 4
419 David Rouzer R North Carolina 7
420 Steve Russell R Oklahoma 5
421 Elise Stefanik R New York 21
422 Mark Takai D Hawaii 1
423 Norma Torres D California 35
424 David Trott R Michigan 11
425 Mark Walker R North Carolina 6
426 Mimi Walters R California 45
427 Bonnie Watson Coleman D New Jersey 12
428 Bruce Westerman R Arkansas 4
429 David Young R Iowa 3
430 Lee Zeldin R New York 1
431 Ryan Zinke R Montana at-large
432 Dan Donovan R New York 11 May 5, 2015
433 Trent Kelly R Mississippi 1 June 2, 2015
434 Darin LaHood R Illinois 18 September 10, 2015

Delegates[edit]

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Notes
1 Eleanor Holmes Norton D DC January 3, 1991
2 Madeleine Bordallo D GU January 3, 2003
3 Pedro Pierluisi NPP/D PR January 3, 2009
4 Gregorio Sablan D NMI
5 Stacey Plaskett D VI January 3, 2015
6 Amata Coleman Radewagen R AS

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ House Seniority and Committee Leadership
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]