Seniority in the United States House of Representatives

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This is a complete list of current members of the United States House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.[a]

Standards for seniority[edit]

Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House may be credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began on or after January 3, 1999. When a representative has served a prior term of fewer than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), he or she is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.[citation needed]

Benefits of seniority[edit]

Committee leadership in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership, in comparison with the Democratic Party, prioritizes voting records and campaign fundraising over seniority for committee leadership.[1] Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.

Seniority also affects access to more desirable office space in the House Office Buildings.

Vacancies[edit]

Current seniority list[edit]

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Previous service[b] Committee and leadership positions
1 Don Young R Alaska at-large March 6, 1973   Dean of the House
2 Jim Sensenbrenner R Wisconsin 5 January 3, 1979  
3 Hal Rogers R Kentucky 5 January 3, 1981
4 Chris Smith R New Jersey 4
5 Steny Hoyer D Maryland 5 May 19, 1981 Majority Leader
6 Marcy Kaptur D Ohio 9 January 3, 1983  
7 Pete Visclosky D Indiana 1 January 3, 1985
8 Peter DeFazio D Oregon 4 January 3, 1987 Chair: Transportation and Infrastructure
9 John Lewis D Georgia 5  
10 Fred Upton R Michigan 6
11 Nancy Pelosi D California 12 June 2, 1987 Speaker of the House
12 Frank Pallone D New Jersey 6 November 8, 1988 Chair: Energy and Commerce
13 Eliot Engel D New York 16 January 3, 1989 Chair: Foreign Affairs
14 Nita Lowey D New York 17 Chair: Appropriations
15 Richard Neal D Massachusetts 1 Chair: Ways and Means
16 José E. Serrano D New York 15 March 20, 1990  
17 David Price D North Carolina 4 January 3, 1997 1987–1995
18 Rosa DeLauro D Connecticut 3 January 3, 1991  
19 Collin Peterson D Minnesota 7 Chair: Agriculture
20 Maxine Waters D California 43 Chair: Financial Services
21 Jerrold Nadler D New York 10 November 3, 1992 Chair: Judiciary
22 Jim Cooper D Tennessee 5 January 3, 2003 1983–1995  
23 Sanford Bishop D Georgia 2 January 3, 1993  
24 Ken Calvert R California 42
25 Jim Clyburn D South Carolina 6 Majority Whip
26 Anna Eshoo D California 18  
27 Alcee Hastings D Florida 20
28 Eddie Bernice Johnson D Texas 30 Chair: Science, Space and Technology
29 Peter T. King R New York 2  
30 Carolyn Maloney D New York 12
31 Lucille Roybal-Allard D California 40
32 Bobby Rush D Illinois 1
33 Bobby Scott D Virginia 3 Chair: Education and Labor
34 Nydia Velázquez D New York 7 Chair: Small Business
35 Bennie Thompson D Mississippi 2 April 13, 1993 Chair: Homeland Security
36 Frank Lucas R Oklahoma 3 May 10, 1994 Ranking Member: Science, Space and Technology
37 Lloyd Doggett D Texas 35 January 3, 1995  
38 Michael F. Doyle D Pennsylvania 18
39 Sheila Jackson Lee D Texas 18
40 Zoe Lofgren D California 19
41 Mac Thornberry R Texas 13 Ranking Member: Armed Services
42 Elijah Cummings D Maryland 7 April 16, 1996 Chair: Oversight and Government Reform
43 Earl Blumenauer D Oregon 3 May 21, 1996  
44 Robert Aderholt R Alabama 4 January 3, 1997
45 Kevin Brady R Texas 8 Ranking Member: Ways and Means
46 Danny K. Davis D Illinois 7  
47 Diana DeGette D Colorado 1
48 Kay Granger R Texas 12 Ranking Member: Appropriations
49 Ron Kind D Wisconsin 3  
50 Jim McGovern D Massachusetts 2 Chair: Rules
51 Bill Pascrell D New Jersey 9  
52 Brad Sherman D California 30
53 John Shimkus R Illinois 15
54 Adam Smith D Washington 9 Chair: Armed Services
55 Gregory Meeks D New York 5 February 3, 1998  
56 Barbara Lee D California 13 April 7, 1998
57 Steve Chabot R Ohio 1 January 3, 2011 1995–2009 Ranking Member: Small Business
58 John Larson D Connecticut 1 January 3, 1999    
59 Grace Napolitano D California 32
60 Jan Schakowsky D Illinois 9
61 Mike Simpson R Idaho 2
62 Mike Thompson D California 5
63 Greg Walden R Oregon 2 Ranking Member: Energy and Commerce
64 Lacy Clay D Missouri 1 January 3, 2001  
65 Susan Davis D California 53
66 Sam Graves R Missouri 6 Ranking Member: Transportation and Infrastructure
67 James Langevin D Rhode Island 2  
68 Rick Larsen D Washington 2
69 Betty McCollum D Minnesota 4
70 Adam Schiff D California 28 Chair: Intelligence
71 Stephen Lynch D Massachusetts 8 October 16, 2001  
72 Joe Wilson R South Carolina 2 December 18, 2001
73 Rob Bishop R Utah 1 January 3, 2003 Ranking Member: Natural Resources
74 Michael C. Burgess R Texas 26  
75 John Carter R Texas 31
76 Tom Cole R Oklahoma 4 Ranking Member: Rules
77 Mario Díaz-Balart R Florida 25  
78 Raúl Grijalva D Arizona 3 Chair: Natural Resources
79 Steve King R Iowa 4
80 Devin Nunes R California 22 Ranking Member: Intelligence
81 Mike D. Rogers R Alabama 3 Ranking Member: Homeland Security
82 Dutch Ruppersberger D Maryland 2  
83 Tim Ryan D Ohio 13
84 Linda Sánchez D California 38
85 David Scott D Georgia 13
86 Mike Turner R Ohio 10
87 G. K. Butterfield D North Carolina 1 July 20, 2004
88 Emanuel Cleaver D Missouri 5 January 3, 2005
89 Mike Conaway R Texas 11 Ranking Member: Agriculture
90 Jim Costa D California 16  
91 Henry Cuellar D Texas 28
92 Jeff Fortenberry R Nebraska 1
93 Virginia Foxx R North Carolina 5 Ranking Member: Education and Labor
94 Louie Gohmert R Texas 1  
95 Al Green D Texas 9
96 Brian Higgins D New York 26
97 Dan Lipinski D Illinois 3
98 Kenny Marchant R Texas 24
99 Michael McCaul R Texas 10 Ranking Member: Foreign Affairs
100 Patrick T. McHenry R North Carolina 10 Ranking Member: Financial Services
101 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R Washington 5  
102 Gwen Moore D Wisconsin 4
103 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D Florida 23
104 Doris Matsui D California 6 March 8, 2005
105 Albio Sires D New Jersey 8 November 7, 2006
106 Gus Bilirakis R Florida 12 January 3, 2007
107 Vern Buchanan R Florida 16
108 Kathy Castor D Florida 14
109 Yvette D. Clarke D New York 9
110 Steve Cohen D Tennessee 9
111 Joe Courtney D Connecticut 2
112 Hank Johnson D Georgia 4
113 Jim Jordan R Ohio 4 Ranking Member: Oversight and Government Reform
114 Doug Lamborn R Colorado 5
115 Dave Loebsack D Iowa 2
116 Kevin McCarthy R California 23 Minority Leader
117 Jerry McNerney D California 9  
118 Ed Perlmutter D Colorado 7
119 John Sarbanes D Maryland 3
120 Adrian Smith R Nebraska 3
121 Peter Welch D Vermont at-large
122 John Yarmuth D Kentucky 3 Chair: Budget
123 Bob Latta R Ohio 5 December 11, 2007  
124 Rob Wittman R Virginia 1
125 André Carson D Indiana 7 March 11, 2008
126 Jackie Speier D California 14 April 8, 2008
127 Steve Scalise R Louisiana 1 May 3, 2008 Minority Whip
128 Marcia Fudge D Ohio 11 November 18, 2008  
129 Gerry Connolly D Virginia 11 January 3, 2009
130 Brett Guthrie R Kentucky 2
131 Jim Himes D Connecticut 4
132 Duncan D. Hunter R California 50
133 Blaine Luetkemeyer R Missouri 3
134 Ben Ray Luján D New Mexico 3 Assistant Speaker
135 Tom McClintock R California 4  
136 Pete Olson R Texas 22
137 Chellie Pingree D Maine 1
138 Bill Posey R Florida 8
139 Phil Roe R Tennessee 1 Ranking Member: Veterans' Affairs
140 Kurt Schrader D Oregon 5  
141 Glenn Thompson R Pennsylvania 15
142 Paul Tonko D New York 20
143 Michael Quigley D Illinois 5 April 7, 2009
144 Judy Chu D California 27 July 14, 2009
145 John Garamendi D California 3 November 3, 2009
146 Ted Deutch D Florida 22 April 13, 2010 Chair: Ethics
147 Tom Graves R Georgia 14 June 8, 2010  
148 Tom Reed R New York 23 November 2, 2010
149 Tim Walberg R Michigan 7 January 3, 2011 2007–2009
150 Bill Foster D Illinois 11 January 3, 2013 2008–2011
151 Justin Amash I[c] Michigan 3 January 3, 2011  
152 Karen Bass D California 37
153 Mo Brooks R Alabama 5
154 Larry Bucshon R Indiana 8
155 David Cicilline D Rhode Island 1
156 Rick Crawford R Arkansas 1
157 Scott DesJarlais R Tennessee 4
158 Sean Duffy R Wisconsin 7
159 Jeff Duncan R South Carolina 3
160 Chuck Fleischmann R Tennessee 3
161 Bill Flores R Texas 17
162 Bob Gibbs R Ohio 7
163 Paul Gosar R Arizona 4
164 Morgan Griffith R Virginia 9
165 Andrew P. Harris R Maryland 1
166 Vicky Hartzler R Missouri 4
167 Jaime Herrera Beutler R Washington 3
168 Bill Huizenga R Michigan 2
169 Bill Johnson R Ohio 6
170 Bill Keating D Massachusetts 9
171 Mike Kelly R Pennsylvania 16
172 Adam Kinzinger R Illinois 16
173 Billy Long R Missouri 7
174 David McKinley R West Virginia 1
175 Steven Palazzo R Mississippi 4
176 Cedric Richmond D Louisiana 2
177 Martha Roby R Alabama 2
178 David Schweikert R Arizona 6
179 Austin Scott R Georgia 8
180 Terri Sewell D Alabama 7
181 Steve Stivers R Ohio 15
182 Scott Tipton R Colorado 3
183 Daniel Webster R Florida 11
184 Frederica Wilson D Florida 24
185 Steve Womack R Arkansas 3 Ranking Member: Budget
186 Rob Woodall R Georgia 7  
187 Mark Amodei R Nevada 2 September 13, 2011
188 Suzanne Bonamici D Oregon 1 January 31, 2012
189 Suzan DelBene D Washington 1 November 6, 2012
190 Thomas Massie R Kentucky 4
191 Donald Payne Jr. D New Jersey 10
192 Dina Titus D Nevada 1 January 3, 2013 2009–2011
193 Andy Barr R Kentucky 6  
194 Joyce Beatty D Ohio 3
195 Ami Bera D California 7
196 Susan Brooks R Indiana 5 Ranking Member: Ethics
197 Julia Brownley D California 26  
198 Cheri Bustos D Illinois 17
199 Tony Cárdenas D California 29
200 Matt Cartwright D Pennsylvania 8
201 Joaquin Castro D Texas 20
202 Chris Collins R New York 27
203 Doug Collins R Georgia 9 Ranking Member: Judiciary
204 Paul Cook R California 8  
205 Rodney L. Davis R Illinois 13
206 Lois Frankel D Florida 21
207 Tulsi Gabbard D Hawaii 2
208 Dennis Heck D Washington 10
209 George Holding R North Carolina 2
210 Richard Hudson R North Carolina 8
211 Jared Huffman D California 2
212 Hakeem Jeffries D New York 8 Democratic Caucus Chair
213 David Joyce R Ohio 14  
214 Joseph Kennedy III D Massachusetts 4
215 Dan Kildee D Michigan 5
216 Derek Kilmer D Washington 6
217 Ann McLane Kuster D New Hampshire 2
218 Doug LaMalfa R California 1
219 Alan Lowenthal D California 47
220 Sean Patrick Maloney D New York 18
221 Mark Meadows R North Carolina 11
222 Grace Meng D New York 6
223 Markwayne Mullin R Oklahoma 2
224 Scott Perry R Pennsylvania 10
225 Scott Peters D California 52
226 Mark Pocan D Wisconsin 2
227 Tom Rice R South Carolina 7
228 Raul Ruiz D California 36
229 Chris Stewart R Utah 2
230 Eric Swalwell D California 15
231 Mark Takano D California 41 Chair: Veterans' Affairs
232 Juan Vargas D California 51  
233 Marc Veasey D Texas 33
234 Filemon Vela Jr. D Texas 34
235 Ann Wagner R Missouri 2
236 Jackie Walorski R Indiana 2
237 Randy Weber R Texas 14
238 Brad Wenstrup R Ohio 2
239 Roger Williams R Texas 25
240 Ted Yoho R Florida 3
241 Robin Kelly D Illinois 2 April 9, 2013
242 Jason T. Smith R Missouri 8 June 4, 2013
243 Katherine Clark D Massachusetts 5 December 10, 2013
244 Bradley Byrne R Alabama 1 December 17, 2013
245 Alma Adams D North Carolina 12 November 4, 2014
246 Donald Norcross D New Jersey 1
247 Ann Kirkpatrick D Arizona 2 January 3, 2019 2009–2011; 2013–2017
248 Ed Case D Hawaii 1 2002–2007
249 Ralph Abraham R Louisiana 5 January 3, 2015  
250 Pete Aguilar D California 31
251 Rick W. Allen R Georgia 12
252 Brian Babin R Texas 36
253 Don Beyer D Virginia 8
254 Mike Bost R Illinois 12
255 Brendan Boyle D Pennsylvania 2
256 Ken Buck R Colorado 4
257 Buddy Carter R Georgia 1
258 Mark DeSaulnier D California 11
259 Debbie Dingell D Michigan 12
260 Tom Emmer R Minnesota 6
261 Ruben Gallego D Arizona 7
262 Garret Graves R Louisiana 6
263 Glenn Grothman R Wisconsin 6
264 Jody Hice R Georgia 10
265 French Hill R Arkansas 2
266 Will Hurd R Texas 23
267 John Katko R New York 24
268 Brenda Lawrence D Michigan 14
269 Ted Lieu D California 33
270 Barry Loudermilk R Georgia 11
271 John Moolenaar R Michigan 4
272 Alex Mooney R West Virginia 2
273 Seth Moulton D Massachusetts 6
274 Dan Newhouse R Washington 4
275 Gary Palmer R Alabama 6
276 John Ratcliffe R Texas 4
277 Kathleen Rice D New York 4
278 David Rouzer R North Carolina 7
279 Elise Stefanik R New York 21
280 Norma Torres D California 35
281 Mark Walker R North Carolina 6
282 Bonnie Watson Coleman D New Jersey 12
283 Bruce Westerman R Arkansas 4
284 Lee Zeldin R New York 1
285 Trent Kelly R Mississippi 1 June 2, 2015
286 Darin LaHood R Illinois 18 September 10, 2015
287 Warren Davidson R Ohio 8 June 7, 2016
288 James Comer R Kentucky 1 November 8, 2016
289 Dwight Evans D Pennsylvania 3
290 Brad Schneider D Illinois 10 January 3, 2017 2013–2015
291 Jodey Arrington R Texas 19  
292 Don Bacon R Nebraska 2
293 Jim Banks R Indiana 3
294 Nanette Barragan D California 44
295 Jack Bergman R Michigan 1
296 Andy Biggs R Arizona 5
297 Lisa Blunt Rochester D Delaware at-large
298 Anthony G. Brown D Maryland 4
299 Ted Budd R North Carolina 13
300 Salud Carbajal D California 24
301 Liz Cheney R Wyoming at-large Republican Conference Chairwoman
302 Lou Correa D California 46
303 Charlie Crist D Florida 13
304 Val Demings D Florida 10
305 Neal Dunn R Florida 2
306 Adriano Espaillat D New York 13
307 Drew Ferguson R Georgia 3
308 Brian Fitzpatrick R Pennsylvania 1
309 Matt Gaetz R Florida 1
310 Mike Gallagher R Wisconsin 8
311 Vicente González D Texas 15
312 Josh Gottheimer D New Jersey 5
313 Clay Higgins R Louisiana 3
314 Trey Hollingsworth R Indiana 9
315 Pramila Jayapal D Washington 7
316 Mike Johnson R Louisiana 4
317 Ro Khanna D California 17
318 Raja Krishnamoorthi D Illinois 8
319 David Kustoff R Tennessee 8
320 Al Lawson D Florida 5
321 Roger Marshall R Kansas 1
322 Brian Mast R Florida 18
323 Donald McEachin D Virginia 4
324 Paul Mitchell R Michigan 10
325 Stephanie Murphy D Florida 7
326 Tom O'Halleran D Arizona 1
327 Jimmy Panetta D California 20
328 Jamie Raskin D Maryland 8
329 Francis Rooney R Florida 19
330 John Rutherford R Florida 4
331 Lloyd Smucker R Pennsylvania 11
332 Darren Soto D Florida 9
333 Thomas Suozzi D New York 3
334 Ron Estes R Kansas 4 April 11, 2017
335 Greg Gianforte R Montana at-large May 25, 2017
336 Jimmy Gomez D California 34 June 6, 2017
337 Ralph Norman R South Carolina 5 June 20, 2017
338 John Curtis R Utah 3 November 7, 2017
339 Conor Lamb D Pennsylvania 17 March 13, 2018
340 Debbie Lesko R Arizona 8 April 24, 2018
341 Michael Cloud R Texas 27 June 30, 2018
342 Troy Balderson R Ohio 12 August 7, 2018
343 Kevin Hern R Oklahoma 1 November 6, 2018
344 Joseph Morelle D New York 25
345 Mary Gay Scanlon D Pennsylvania 5
346 Susan Wild D Pennsylvania 7
347 Steven Horsford D Nevada 4 January 3, 2019 2013–2015
348 Colin Allred D Texas 32
349 Kelly Armstrong R North Dakota at-large
350 Cindy Axne D Iowa 3
351 Jim Baird R Indiana 4
352 Anthony Brindisi D New York 22
353 Tim Burchett R Tennessee 2
354 Sean Casten D Illinois 6
355 Gil Cisneros D California 39
356 Ben Cline R Virginia 6
357 T. J. Cox D California 21
358 Angie Craig D Minnesota 2
359 Dan Crenshaw R Texas 2
360 Jason Crow D Colorado 6
361 Joe Cunningham D South Carolina 1
362 Sharice Davids D Kansas 3
363 Madeleine Dean D Pennsylvania 4
364 Antonio Delgado D New York 19
365 Veronica Escobar D Texas 16
366 Abby Finkenauer D Iowa 1
367 Russ Fulcher R Idaho 1
368 Chuy García D Illinois 4
369 Sylvia Garcia D Texas 29
370 Jared Golden D Maine 2
371 Anthony Gonzalez R Ohio 16
372 Lance Gooden R Texas 5
373 Mark Green R Tennessee 7
374 Michael Guest R Mississippi 3
375 Deb Haaland D New Mexico 1
376 Jim Hagedorn R Minnesota 1
377 Josh Harder D California 10
378 Jahana Hayes D Connecticut 5
379 Katie Hill D California 25
380 Kendra Horn D Oklahoma 5
381 Chrissy Houlahan D Pennsylvania 6
382 Dusty Johnson R South Dakota at-large
383 John Joyce R Pennsylvania 13
384 Andy Kim D New Jersey 3
385 Susie Lee D Nevada 3
386 Andy Levin D Michigan 9
387 Mike Levin D California 49
388 Elaine Luria D Virginia 2
389 Tom Malinowski D New Jersey 7
390 Ben McAdams D Utah 4
391 Lucy McBath D Georgia 6
392 Dan Meuser R Pennsylvania 9
393 Carol Miller R West Virginia 3
394 Debbie Mucarsel-Powell D Florida 26
395 Joe Neguse D Colorado 2
396 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez D New York 14
397 Ilhan Omar D Minnesota 5
398 Lizzie Pannill Fletcher D Texas 7
399 Chris Pappas D New Hampshire 1
400 Greg Pence R Indiana 6
401 Dean Phillips D Minnesota 3
402 Katie Porter D California 45
403 Ayanna Pressley D Massachusetts 7
404 Guy Reschenthaler R Pennsylvania 14
405 Denver Riggleman R Virginia 5
406 John Rose R Tennessee 6
407 Max Rose D New York 11
408 Harley Rouda D California 48
409 Chip Roy R Texas 21
410 Kim Schrier D Washington 8
411 Donna Shalala D Florida 27
412 Mikie Sherrill D New Jersey 11
413 Elissa Slotkin D Michigan 8
414 Abigail Spanberger D Virginia 7
415 Ross Spano R Florida 15
416 Greg Stanton D Arizona 9
417 Pete Stauber R Minnesota 8
418 Bryan Steil R Wisconsin 1
419 Greg Steube R Florida 17
420 Haley Stevens D Michigan 11
421 Van Taylor R Texas 3
422 William Timmons R South Carolina 4
423 Rashida Tlaib D Michigan 13
424 Xochitl Torres Small D New Mexico 2
425 Lori Trahan D Massachusetts 3
426 David Trone D Maryland 6
427 Lauren Underwood D Illinois 14
428 Jeff Van Drew D New Jersey 2
429 Michael Waltz R Florida 6
430 Steve Watkins R Kansas 2
431 Jennifer Wexton D Virginia 10
432 Ron Wright R Texas 6
433 Fred Keller R Pennsylvania 12 May 21, 2019
Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Previous service[b] Committee and leadership positions

Delegates[edit]

Rank Delegate Party District Seniority date Notes
1 Eleanor Holmes Norton D District of Columbia at-large January 3, 1991
2 Gregorio Sablan I[d] Northern Mariana Islands at-large January 3, 2009
3 Stacey Plaskett D United States Virgin Islands at-large January 3, 2015
4 Amata Coleman Radewagen R American Samoa at-large
5 Jenniffer González NPP/R Puerto Rico at-large January 3, 2017
6 Michael San Nicolas D Guam at-large January 3, 2019

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Delegates are non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives.
  2. ^ a b Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.
  3. ^ Amash was elected as a Republican, but switched to independent in 2019.[4] A party change does not affect seniority.
  4. ^ Caucuses with the Democrats for the purpose of committee assignments.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "House Seniority and Committee Leadership".
  2. ^ National Public Radio, "New Election Date Set in North Carolina's 9th District Following Fraud Investigation"
  3. ^ "Walter Jones, congressman who worked to atone for his Iraq war vote, is dead at 76". The News & Observer. February 10, 2019.
  4. ^ Conradis, Brandon (July 4, 2019). "Rep. Amash, lone GOP critic of Trump, leaves Republican Party". The Hill. Retrieved July 4, 2019.

External link[edit]