List of current reigning monarchs by length of reign

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Hassanal Bolkiah, the current longest-reigning monarch.
Margrethe II, the current longest-reigning and only female monarch.

This is a list of currently enthroned monarchs sorted by length of service.

This list includes monarchs who do not reign over entire nations, such as Muhammad V of Kelantan, but does not include former monarchs and pretenders, such as Simeon II of Bulgaria, ex officio monarchs such as Emmanuel Macron who in his capacity as President of France is also Co-Prince of Andorra, monarchs without physical territories such as the Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, constituent monarchs such as the traditional African rulers, or monarchs whose position is unofficial, such as Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama.

Hassanal Bolkiah is currently the longest-reigning monarch, having been Sultan of Brunei Darussalam since 5 October 1967.[1] He became the longest-reigning monarch upon the death of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom on 8 September 2022.[2]

List[edit]

Rank Monarch State Born Current age Acceded Years reigned
Reigns as of 26 September 2022 T 08:06 (UTC)
1 Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 15 July 1946 76 years, 73 days 5 October 1967 54 years, 356 days
2 Margrethe II Denmark 16 April 1940 82 years, 163 days 14 January 1972 50 years, 255 days
3 Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III Sharjah (United Arab Emirates) 6 July 1939 83 years, 82 days 25 January 1972 50 years, 244 days
4 Carl XVI Gustaf Sweden 30 April 1946 76 years, 149 days 15 September 1973 49 years, 11 days
5 Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi Fujairah (United Arab Emirates) 22 February 1949 73 years, 216 days 18 September 1974 48 years, 8 days
6 Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi III Ajman (United Arab Emirates) 1 January 1931 91 years, 268 days 6 September 1981 41 years, 20 days
7 Mswati III Eswatini[a] 19 April 1968 54 years, 160 days 25 April 1986 36 years, 154 days
8 Hans-Adam II Liechtenstein 14 February 1945 77 years, 224 days 13 November 1989 32 years, 317 days
9 Harald V Norway 21 February 1937 85 years, 217 days 17 January 1991 31 years, 252 days
10 Letsie III Lesotho 17 July 1963 59 years, 71 days 7 February 1996[b] 30 years, 302 days[c]
11 Mizan Zainal Abidin Terengganu (Malaysia) 22 January 1962 60 years, 247 days 15 May 1998 24 years, 134 days
12 Abdullah II Jordan 30 January 1962 60 years, 239 days 7 February 1999 23 years, 231 days
13 Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Bahrain 28 January 1950 72 years, 241 days 6 March 1999 23 years, 204 days
14 Mohammed VI Morocco 21 August 1963 59 years, 36 days 23 July 1999 23 years, 65 days
15 Syed Sirajuddin Perlis (Malaysia) 17 May 1943 79 years, 132 days 17 April 2000 22 years, 162 days
16 Henri Luxembourg 16 April 1955 67 years, 163 days 7 October 2000 21 years, 354 days
17 Sharafuddin Idris Shah Selangor (Malaysia) 11 December 1945 76 years, 289 days 22 November 2001 20 years, 308 days
18 Norodom Sihamoni Cambodia 14 May 1953 69 years, 135 days 14 October 2004 17 years, 347 days
19 Albert II Monaco 14 March 1958 64 years, 196 days 6 April 2005 17 years, 173 days
20 Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 15 July 1949 73 years, 73 days 4 January 2006 16 years, 265 days
21 Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan 21 February 1980 42 years, 217 days 9 December 2006 15 years, 291 days
22 Muhriz Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia) 14 January 1948 74 years, 255 days 29 December 2008 13 years, 271 days
23 Saud bin Rashid Al Mualla Umm al-Quwain (United Arab Emirates) 1 October 1952 69 years, 360 days 2 January 2009 13 years, 267 days
24 Ibrahim Ismail Johor (Malaysia) 22 November 1958 63 years, 308 days 23 January 2010 12 years, 246 days
25 Muhammad V Kelantan (Malaysia) 6 October 1969 52 years, 355 days 13 September 2010 12 years, 13 days
26 Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi Ras al-Khaimah (United Arab Emirates) 10 February 1956 66 years, 228 days 27 October 2010 11 years, 334 days
27 Tupou VI Tonga 12 July 1959 63 years, 76 days 18 March 2012 10 years, 192 days
28 Francis Vatican City 17 December 1936 85 years, 283 days 13 March 2013 9 years, 197 days
29 Willem-Alexander Netherlands 27 April 1967 55 years, 152 days 30 April 2013 9 years, 149 days
30 Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Qatar 3 June 1980 42 years, 115 days 25 June 2013 9 years, 93 days
31 Philippe Belgium 15 April 1960 62 years, 164 days 21 July 2013 9 years, 67 days
32 Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah Perak (Malaysia) 27 November 1956 65 years, 303 days 29 May 2014 8 years, 120 days
33 Felipe VI Spain 30 January 1968 54 years, 239 days 19 June 2014 8 years, 99 days
34 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Saudi Arabia 31 December 1935 86 years, 269 days 23 January 2015 7 years, 246 days
35 Vajiralongkorn (Rama X) Thailand 28 July 1952 70 years, 60 days 13 October 2016 5 years, 348 days
36 Mahmud Sallehuddin Kedah (Malaysia) 30 April 1942 80 years, 149 days 11 September 2017 5 years, 15 days
37 Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah Pahang (Malaysia)[d] 30 July 1959 63 years, 58 days 15 January 2019 3 years, 254 days
38 Naruhito Japan 23 February 1960 62 years, 215 days 1 May 2019 3 years, 148 days
39 Haitham bin Tarik Al Said Oman 11 October 1954 67 years, 350 days 11 January 2020 2 years, 258 days
40 Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Kuwait 25 June 1937 85 years, 93 days 29 September 2020 1 year, 362 days
41 Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 11 March 1961 61 years, 199 days 13 May 2022 136 days
42 Charles III Antigua and Barbuda 14 November 1948 73 years, 316 days 8 September 2022 18 days
Australia[e]
Bahamas
Belize
Canada
Grenada
Jamaica
New Zealand[e]
Papua New Guinea[e]
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Solomon Islands[e]
Tuvalu[e]
United Kingdom

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The country was called the Kingdom of Swaziland until 19 April 2018.
  2. ^ Previously reigned from 12 November 1990 to 25 January 1995.
  3. ^ Letsie III first reigned from 12 November 1990 to 25 January 1995, was deposed, and then returned to the throne on 7 February 1996. Length of reign calculation includes both tenures.
  4. ^ Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah is also the currently-reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, and has reigned for 3 years, 238 days (31 January 2019).
  5. ^ a b c d e Reign began on 9 September 2022 in the local timezone.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sultan of Brunei becomes world's longest-serving monarch after Elizabeth II's passing". Arab News. 2022-09-09. Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  2. ^ "Queen Elizabeth II has died". BBC News. 2022-09-08. Retrieved 2022-09-25.