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List of current state leaders by date of assumption of office

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Elizabeth II is the world's longest-serving current state leader, having reigned as Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand since 6 February 1952.

This is a list of current state leaders ordered by their continuous tenure in a position of national leadership. In countries with different heads of state and heads of government, both offices are listed. For leaders who held the same office prior to their state's independence, the start of their tenure is used, not independence. For a list of heads of state taking dates of independence into account, see List of heads of state by diplomatic precedence.

Acting presidents are included in this list, but if a leader has non-consecutive terms, only the current period of service is listed.

States where head of state differs from head of government are mainly parliamentary systems. Often a leader holds both positions in presidential systems or dictatorships. Some states have semi-presidential systems where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state.

List of state leaders by date of assuming office

Prior to 1970

Assumed Office Leader State Office
6 February 1952 Elizabeth II[1][2]  Antigua and Barbuda Queen: 1 November 1981 – present[3]
 Australia Queen
 The Bahamas Queen: 10 July 1973 – present[3]
 Barbados Queen: 30 November 1966 – present[3]
 Belize Queen: 21 September 1981 – present[3]
 Canada Queen
 Grenada Queen: 7 February 1974 – present[3]
 Jamaica Queen: 6 August 1962 – present[3]
 New Zealand Queen
 Papua New Guinea Queen: 16 September 1975 – present[4]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Queen: 19 September 1983 – present[3]
 Saint Lucia Queen: 22 February 1979 – present[3]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Queen: 27 October 1979 – present[3]
 Solomon Islands Queen: 7 July 1978 – present[3]
 Tuvalu Queen: 1 October 1978 – present[3]
 United Kingdom Queen
4 October 1967[5] Hassanal Bolkiah  Brunei Sultan: 4 October 1967 – present
Prime Minister: 1 January 1984 – present

1970s

Assumed Office Leader State Office
19 January 1970[6] Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa[7]  Bahrain[8] Prime Minister
23 July 1970[9] Qaboos bin Said al Said  Oman[10] Sultan: 23 July 1970 – present
Prime Minister: 2 January 1972 – present
14 January 1972 Margrethe II  Denmark Queen
15 September 1973 Carl XVI Gustaf  Sweden King
30 June 1975 Paul Biya  Cameroon Prime Minister: 30 June 1975 – 6 November 1982
President: 6 November 1982 – present
3 August 1979 Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo[11]  Equatorial Guinea Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council: 3 August 1979 – 25 August 1979
Chairman of the Supreme Military Council: 25 August 1979 – 12 October 1982

President: 12 October 1982 – present

1980s

Assumed Office Leader State Office
13 October 1981 Ali Khamenei  Iran President: 13 October 1981 – 2 August 1989
Supreme Leader: 4 June 1989 – present
22 March 1984[12] Nursultan Nazarbayev  Kazakhstan[13] Chairman of the Council of Ministers: 22 March 1984 – 27 July 1989
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party: 22 June 1989 – 14 December 1991
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet: 22 February 1990 – 24 April 1990
President: 24 April 1990 - present
26 August 1984 Hans-Adam II  Liechtenstein Prince-regent: 26 August 1984 – 13 November 1989
Prince Regnant: 13 November 1989 – present[14]
14 January 1985 Hun Sen  Cambodia[15] Prime Minister: 14 January 1985 – 2 July 1993
Co-Equal Prime Minister: 2 July 1993 – 21 September 1993
Second Prime Minister: 21 September 1993 – 30 November 1998
Prime Minister: 30 November 1998 – present
29 January 1986 Yoweri Museveni  Uganda President[16]
25 April 1986 Mswati III  Swaziland King
7 January 1989 Akihito  Japan Emperor
30 June 1989 Omar al-Bashir  Sudan President of the Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation: 30 June 1989 – 16 October 1993
President: 16 October 1993 – present

1990s

Assumed Office Leader State Office
1 June 1990 Harald V  Norway Prince-regent: 1 June 1990 – 17 January 1991
King: 17 January 1991 – present[17]
2 December 1990 Idriss Déby  Chad President of the Patriotic Salvation Movement: 2 December 1990 – 4 December 1990
President of the Council of State: 4 December 1990 – 4 March 1991

President: 4 March 1991 – present
27 April 1991[18] Isaias Afwerki  Eritrea Secretary-General of the Provisional Government: 27 April 1991 – 23 May 1993
President: 23 May 1993 - present
19 November 1992 Emomali Rahmon  Tajikistan Acting Chairman of the Supreme Council: 19 November 1992 – 27 November 1992
Chairman of the Supreme Council: 27 November 1992  – 16 November 1994
President: 16 November 1994 – present
17 November 1993 Sir Colville Young  Belize Governor-General[2]
20 July 1994 Alexander Lukashenko  Belarus President
7 February 1996 Letsie III  Lesotho King[19]
25 October 1997 Denis Sassou Nguesso  Republic of the Congo President[20]
3 March 1998 Henri  Luxembourg Prince-regent: 3 March 1998 – 7 October 2000
Grand Duke: 7 October 2000 – present
5 September 1998 Kim Yong-nam  North Korea President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly[21]
23 November 1998 Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi  Samoa Prime Minister
7 February 1999 Abdullah II  Jordan King
6 March 1999 Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa  Bahrain[8] Emir: 6 March 1999 – 14 February 2002
King: 14 February 2002 – present
27 April 1999 Abdelaziz Bouteflika  Algeria President
8 May 1999 Ismaïl Omar Guelleh[22]  Djibouti President
23 July 1999 Mohammed VI  Morocco King
9 August 1999 Vladimir Putin  Russia Acting Prime Minister: 9 August 1999 – 16 August 1999
Prime Minister: 16 August 1999 – 7 May 2000
Acting President: 31 December 1999 – 7 May 2000
President: 7 May 2000 – 7 May 2008
Prime Minister: 8 May 2008 – 7 May 2012
President: 7 May 2012 – present

2000–2004

Assumed Office Leader State Office
24 March 2000 Paul Kagame  Rwanda Acting President: 24 March 2000 – 22 April 2000
President: 22 April 2000 – present
17 July 2000 Bashar al-Assad[23]  Syria President
17 January 2001 Joseph Kabila[24]  Democratic Republic of the Congo Acting President: 17 January 2001 – 26 January 2001
President: 26 January 2001 – present
29 March 2001 Ralph Gonsalves  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Prime Minister
2 September 2002 Sir Frederick Ballantyne Governor-General[2]
14 March 2003 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan  Turkey Prime Minister: 14 March 2003 – 28 August 2014
President: 28 August 2014 – present
12 May 2003 Archbishop Joan Enric Vives Sicília  Andorra Episcopal Co-Prince[25]
22 May 2003[26] Filip Vujanović  Montenegro[27] President[28]
13 July 2003 Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah[29]  Kuwait Prime Minister: 13 July 2003 – 29 January 2006
Emir: 29 January 2006 – present
4 August 2003 Ilham Aliyev[30]  Azerbaijan Prime Minister: 4 August 2003 – 4 November 2003[31]
President: 31 October 2003 – present
6 August 2003 Artur Rasizade Acting Prime Minister: 6 August 2003 – 4 November 2003
Prime Minister: 4 November 2003 – present[32]
29 October 2003 Abdelkader Taleb Omar  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Prime Minister
12 December 2003 Shavkat Mirziyoyev  Uzbekistan Prime Minister: 12 December 2003 – 14 December 2016
Acting President: 8 September 2016 – 14 December 2016
President: 14 December 2016 – present
8 January 2004 Roosevelt Skerrit  Dominica Prime Minister
12 August 2004 Lee Hsien Loong[33]  Singapore Prime Minister
15 August 2004 Hereditary Prince Alois  Liechtenstein Regent[14]
14 October 2004 Norodom Sihamoni  Cambodia King
3 November 2004 Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan[34]  United Arab Emirates President

2005–2009

Assumed Office Leader State Office
15 January 2005 Mahmoud Abbas  Palestine President[35]
31 March 2005 Albert II  Monaco Prince-regent: 31 March 2005 – 6 April 2005
Sovereign Prince: 6 April 2005 – present
4 May 2005 Faure Gnassingbé[36]  Togo President[37]
11 August 2005[38] Salva Kiir Mayardit  South Sudan[39] President of the Government: 30 July 2005 – 9 July 2011
President: 9 July 2011 - present
26 August 2005 Pierre Nkurunziza  Burundi President
22 November 2005 Angela Merkel  Germany Chancellor
16 January 2006 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf  Liberia President
22 January 2006 Evo Morales  Bolivia President
11 February 2006 Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum[40]  United Arab Emirates Prime Minister
31 July 2006 Raúl Castro[41]  Cuba Acting President of the Council of State and Acting President of the Council of Ministers: 31 July 2006 – 24 February 2008
Acting First Secretary of the Communist Party: 31 July 2006 – 19 April 2011
President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers: 24 February 2008 – present
First Secretary of the Communist Party: 19 April 2011 – present
1 August 2006 Doris Leuthard   Switzerland Federal Councilor: 1 August 2006 – present
President: 1 January 2010 – 31 December 2010
President: 1 January 2017 – 31 December 2017[42]
5 December 2006 Frank Bainimarama  Fiji Acting President: 5 December 2006 – 4 January 2007[43]
Acting Prime Minister: 5 January 2007 – 22 September 2014
Prime Minister: 22 September 2014 – present
14 December 2006 Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck  Bhutan King
21 December 2006 Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow  Turkmenistan Acting President: 21 December 2006 – 14 February 2007
President: 14 February 2007 – present
10 January 2007 Daniel Ortega  Nicaragua President[44]
26 March 2007 Serzh Sargsyan  Armenia Prime Minister: 26 March 2007 – 9 April 2008
President: 9 April 2008 – present
7 September 2007 Bako Sahakyan  Artsakh[45] President
17 September 2007 Ernest Bai Koroma  Sierra Leone President
8 February 2008 Dean Barrow  Belize Prime Minister
1 April 2008 Ian Khama[46]  Botswana President
7 May 2008 Dmitry Medvedev  Russia President: 7 May 2008 – 7 May 2012
Prime Minister: 8 May 2012 – present
23 October 2008 Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini  Swaziland Prime Minister[47]
1 January 2009 Ueli Maurer   Switzerland Federal Councilor: 1 January 2009 – present
President: 1 January 2013 – 31 December 2013[42]
6 January 2009 Sheikh Hasina[48]  Bangladesh Prime Minister[49]
26 February 2009 Sir Patrick Allen  Jamaica Governor-General[2]
26 March 2009 Valentin Inzko  Bosnia and Herzegovina High Representative
31 March 2009 Benjamin Netanyahu  Israel Prime Minister[50]
3 April 2009 Najib Razak[51]  Malaysia Prime Minister
9 May 2009 Jacob Zuma  South Africa President
12 May 2009 Gjorge Ivanov  Macedonia President
30 June 2009 Philémon Yang  Cameroon Prime Minister
7 July 2009 Sir Frank Kabui  Solomon Islands Governor-General[2]
12 July 2009 Dalia Grybauskaitė  Lithuania President
5 August 2009 Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz  Mauritania President[52]
16 October 2009 Ali Bongo Ondimba[53]  Gabon President

2010–2012

Assumed Office Leader State Office
16 April 2010 Sir Iakoba Italeli  Tuvalu Governor-General[2]
29 May 2010 Viktor Orbán  Hungary Prime Minister[54]
7 August 2010 Juan Manuel Santos  Colombia President
12 August 2010 Dési Bouterse  Suriname President[55]
14 October 2010 Mark Rutte  Netherlands Prime Minister
23 October 2010 Freundel Stuart  Barbados Prime Minister
1 November 2010 Johann Schneider-Ammann   Switzerland Federal Councilor: 1 November 2010 – present
President: 1 January 2016 – 31 December 2016[42]
Simonetta Sommaruga Federal Councilor: 1 November 2010 – present
President: 1 January 2015 – 31 December 2015[42]
10 November 2010 Bakir Izetbegović[56]  Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidency Member: 10 November 2010 – present
Chairman of the Presidency: 10 March 2012 – 10 November 2012
Chairman of the Presidency: 10 March 2014 – 17 November 2014
Chairman of the Presidency: 17 March 2016 – 17 November 2016[57]
4 December 2010 Alassane Ouattara  Ivory Coast President[58]
21 December 2010 Alpha Condé  Guinea President
19 January 2011 Nguyễn Phú Trọng  Vietnam General Secretary of the Communist Party
7 April 2011 Mahamadou Issoufou  Niger President[59]
Brigi Rafini Prime Minister
2 August 2011 Peter O'Neill  Papua New Guinea Prime Minister
9 September 2011 Jorge Carlos Fonseca  Cape Verde President
1 October 2011 Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello   Vatican City President of the Governorate
11 November 2011 Michael D. Higgins  Ireland President
23 November 2011 Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi  Yemen Acting President: 23 November 2011 – 25 February 2012[60]
President: 25 February 2012 – present[61]
4 December 2011 Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah  Kuwait Prime Minister
17 December 2011 Kim Jong-un[62]  North Korea Supreme Leader[21][63]
21 December 2011 Mariano Rajoy  Spain President of the Government
1 January 2012 Alain Berset   Switzerland Federal Councilor: 1 January 2012 – present
President: 1 January 2018 – present[42]
1 March 2012 Sauli Niinistö  Finland President
18 March 2012 Tupou VI  Tonga King[64]
2 April 2012 Macky Sall  Senegal President[65]
4 April 2012 Robert Fico  Slovakia Prime Minister[66]
10 May 2012 János Áder  Hungary President
20 July 2012 Josep Maria Mauri  Andorra Personal Representative of the Episcopal Co-Prince[25]
16 August 2012 Danilo Medina  Dominican Republic President
20 August 2012 Hailemariam Desalegn  Ethiopia Acting Prime Minister: 20 August 2012 – 21 September 2012
Prime Minister: 21 September 2012 – present
15 November 2012 Xi Jinping  China General Secretary of the Communist Party: 15 November 2012 – present
President: 14 March 2013 – present
1 December 2012 Enrique Peña Nieto  Mexico President
4 December 2012 Hage Geingob  Namibia Prime Minister: 4 December 2012 – 21 March 2015[67]
President: 21 March 2015 – present
22 December 2012 Borut Pahor  Slovenia President[68]
26 December 2012 Shinzō Abe[69]  Japan Prime Minister[70]

2013

Assumed Office Leader State Office
17 January Tommy Remengesau[71]  Palau President[72]
20 February Keith Mitchell  Grenada Prime Minister[73]
28 February Nicos Anastasiades  Cyprus President
5 March Nicolás Maduro  Venezuela Acting President: 5 March 2013 – 19 April 2013
President: 19 April 2013 – present
8 March Miloš Zeman  Czech Republic President[74]
11 March Joseph Muscat  Malta Prime Minister
13 March Pope Francis   Vatican City Sovereign
14 March Abdul Hamid  Bangladesh Acting President: 14 March 2013 – 24 April 2013
President: 24 April 2013 – present
15 March Li Keqiang  China Premier of the State Council
18 March Anthony Carmona  Trinidad and Tobago President
27 March Adrian Hasler  Liechtenstein Head of Government
1 April Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed  Djibouti Prime Minister
Pak Pong-ju  North Korea Premier of the Cabinet[75]
9 April Uhuru Kenyatta[76]  Kenya President
30 April Willem-Alexander  Netherlands King
7 May Dame Cécile La Grenade  Grenada Governor-General[2]
6 June Rami Hamdallah  Palestine Prime Minister
11 June Baron Waqa  Nauru President
25 June Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani  Qatar Emir
26 June Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani Prime Minister
21 July Philippe  Belgium King
29 July Tshering Tobgay  Bhutan Prime Minister
1 August Enele Sopoaga[77]  Tuvalu Acting Prime Minister: 1 August 2013 – 5 August 2013
Prime Minister: 5 August 2013 – present
3 August Hassan Rouhani  Iran President
15 August Horacio Cartes  Paraguay President
4 September Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta  Mali President[78]
9 September Mamnoon Hussain  Pakistan President
15 September Edi Rama  Albania Prime Minister
2 October Charles Savarin  Dominica President
7 October Mulatu Teshome  Ethiopia President
16 October Erna Solberg  Norway Prime Minister
17 November Giorgi Margvelashvili  Georgia President
Abdulla Yameen[79]  Maldives President
23 November Kokhir Rasulzoda  Tajikistan Prime Minister
4 December Xavier Bettel  Luxembourg Prime Minister

2014

Assumed Office Leader State Office
25 January Hery Rajaonarimampianina  Madagascar President
27 January Juan Orlando Hernández  Honduras President
11 March Michelle Bachelet  Chile President[80]
28 March Sir Peter Cosgrove  Australia Governor-General[2]
4 April Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca  Malta President
27 April Aleksandar Vučić  Serbia Prime Minister: 27 April 2014 – 30 May 2017
President: 31 May 2017 – present
8 May Luis Guillermo Solís  Costa Rica President
22 May Prayut Chan-o-cha  Thailand Leader of the National Council for Peace and Order: 22 May 2014 – 25 August 2014
Prime Minister: 25 August 2014 – present
26 May Narendra Modi  India Prime Minister
31 May Peter Mutharika[81]  Malawi President
1 June Salvador Sánchez Cerén  El Salvador President
7 June Petro Poroshenko  Ukraine President
8 June Abdel Fattah el-Sisi  Egypt President
13 June Gaston Browne  Antigua and Barbuda Prime Minister
15 June Andrej Kiska  Slovakia President
19 June Felipe VI  Spain King
23 June José Mário Vaz  Guinea-Bissau President
1 July Juan Carlos Varela  Panama President
6 July Mohammed Dionne  Senegal Prime Minister
8 July Dame Marguerite Pindling[82]  The Bahamas Governor-General[2]
24 July Fuad Masum  Iraq President
Reuven Rivlin  Israel President
14 August Sir Rodney Williams  Antigua and Barbuda Governor-General[2]
20 August Yahya Ould Hademine  Mauritania Prime Minister
8 September Haider al-Abadi  Iraq Prime Minister
18 September Miro Cerar  Slovenia Prime Minister
Ruhakana Rugunda  Uganda Prime Minister
25 September Raul Khajimba  Abkhazia President[83]
29 September Ashraf Ghani  Afghanistan President
Abdullah Abdullah Chief Executive
3 October Stefan Löfven  Sweden Prime Minister
11 October Charles Michel  Belgium Prime Minister
20 October Joko Widodo  Indonesia President
17 November Dragan Čović  Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidency Member: 17 November 2014 – present[84]
Chairman of the Presidency: 17 July 2015 – 17 March 2016
Chairman of the Presidency: 17 July 2017 – present[57]
Mladen Ivanić Presidency Member: 17 November 2014 – present
Chairman of the Presidency: 17 November 2014 – 17 July 2015
Chairman of the Presidency: 17 November 2016 – 17 July 2017[57]
29 November Patrice Trovoada  São Tomé and Príncipe Prime Minister[85]
21 December Klaus Iohannis  Romania President
27 December Andrei Kobyakov  Belarus Prime Minister
30 December ʻAkilisi Pōhiva  Tonga Prime Minister
31 December Beji Caid Essebsi  Tunisia President[86]

2015

Assumed Office Leader State Office
9 January Maithripala Sirisena  Sri Lanka President
Ranil Wickremesinghe Prime Minister[87]
15 January Filipe Nyusi  Mozambique President
19 January Carlos Agostinho do Rosário Prime Minister
23 January Salman  Saudi Arabia King and Prime Minister
25 January Edgar Lungu  Zambia President
3 February Sergio Mattarella  Italy President
11 February Denis Zvizdić  Bosnia and Herzegovina Chairman of the Council of Ministers
18 February Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović  Croatia President
Timothy Harris  Saint Kitts and Nevis Prime Minister
1 March Tabaré Vázquez  Uruguay President[88]
13 March Prokopis Pavlopoulos  Greece President
21 March Saara Kuugongelwa  Namibia Prime Minister
1 April Antoni Martí  Andorra Head of Government[89]
30 April Mustafa Akıncı  Northern Cyprus President
11 May Peter M. Christian  Federated States of Micronesia President
16 May David A. Granger  Guyana President
20 May Moses Nagamootoo Prime Minister
Sir Tapley Seaton  Saint Kitts and Nevis Acting Governor-General: 20 May 2015 – 2 September 2015
Governor-General: 2 September 2015 – present[2]
29 May Juha Sipilä  Finland Prime Minister
Muhammadu Buhari  Nigeria President[90][91]
5 June Ameenah Gurib  Mauritius President
10 June Komi Sélom Klassou  Togo Prime Minister
28 June Lars Løkke Rasmussen  Denmark Prime Minister[92]
8 July Raimonds Vējonis  Latvia President
6 August Andrzej Duda  Poland President
9 September Keith Rowley  Trinidad and Tobago Prime Minister
15 September Malcolm Turnbull  Australia Prime Minister
19 September Sherif Ismail  Egypt Prime Minister
21 September Alexis Tsipras  Greece Prime Minister[93]
29 October Bidhya Devi Bhandari    Nepal President
4 November Justin Trudeau[94]  Canada Prime Minister
5 November John Magufuli  Tanzania President
12 November George Konrote  Fiji President
20 November Kassim Majaliwa  Tanzania Prime Minister
26 November António Costa  Portugal Prime Minister
10 December Mauricio Macri  Argentina President
29 December Roch Marc Christian Kaboré  Burkina Faso President[95]
Mamady Youla  Guinea Prime Minister
30 December Giorgi Kvirikashvili  Georgia Prime Minister

2016

Assumed Office Leader State Office
1 January Guy Parmelin   Switzerland Federal Councilor[42]
13 January Paul Kaba Thieba  Burkina Faso Prime Minister
14 January Jimmy Morales  Guatemala President
20 January Pavel Filip  Moldova Prime Minister
22 January Bounnhang Vorachith  Laos General Secretary of the People's Revolutionary Party: 22 January 2016 – present[96]
President: 20 April 2016 – present
28 January Hilda Heine  Marshall Islands President
1 February Serge Telle  Monaco Minister of State
11 February Māris Kučinskis  Latvia Prime Minister
Charlot Salwai  Vanuatu Prime Minister
13 February Albert Pahimi Padacké  Chad Prime Minister
3 March Andrew Holness  Jamaica Prime Minister[97]
9 March Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa  Portugal President
11 March Taneti Mamau  Kiribati President
30 March Fayez al-Sarraj  Libya Chairman of the Presidential Council and Prime Minister[98]
Htin Kyaw  Myanmar President
Faustin-Archange Touadéra  Central African Republic President[99]
2 April Simplice Sarandji Prime Minister
Trần Đại Quang  Vietnam President
4 April Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr  Yemen Prime Minister[100]
6 April Patrice Talon  Benin President
Aung San Suu Kyi[101]  Myanmar State Counsellor
7 April Hashim Thaçi  Kosovo President[102]
Nguyễn Xuân Phúc  Vietnam Prime Minister
13 April Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana  Madagascar Prime Minister
14 April Volodymyr Groysman  Ukraine Prime Minister[103]
16 April Hüseyin Özgürgün  Northern Cyprus Prime Minister[104]
20 April Thongloun Sisoulith  Laos Prime Minister
22 April Ulisses Correia e Silva  Cape Verde Prime Minister
23 April Clément Mouamba  Republic of the Congo Prime Minister
12 May Michel Temer  Brazil Acting President: 12 May 2016 – 31 August 2016
President: 31 August 2016 – present
17 May Jawad Abu Hatab Syrian Arab Republic (opposition) Prime Minister
20 May Tsai Ing-wen  Taiwan President
24 May Binali Yıldırım  Turkey Prime Minister
26 May Azali Assoumani  Comoros President[105]
1 June Hani Al-Mulki[106]  Jordan Prime Minister
7 June Allen Chastanet  Saint Lucia Prime Minister
23 June Francisco Pascual Obama Asue  Equatorial Guinea Prime Minister
30 June Rodrigo Duterte  Philippines President
3 July Imad Khamis  Syria Prime Minister
12 July Brahim Ghali  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic General Secretary of the Polisario Front and President
13 July Theresa May  United Kingdom Prime Minister
28 July Pedro Pablo Kuczynski  Peru President[107]
1 August Guðni Th. Jóhannesson  Iceland President
5 August Beslan Bartsits  Abkhazia Prime Minister
27 August Youssef Chahed  Tunisia Head of Government
3 September Evaristo Carvalho  São Tomé and Príncipe President[108]
8 September Bakhytzhan Sagintayev  Kazakhstan Acting Prime Minister: 8 September 2016 – 9 September 2016
Prime Minister: 9 September 2016 – present
13 September Karen Karapetyan  Armenia Prime Minister
28 September Dame Patsy Reddy  New Zealand Governor-General[2]
29 September Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet  Gabon Prime Minister
10 October Kersti Kaljulaid  Estonia President
13 October Maha Vajiralongkorn  Thailand King[109]
16 October Danny Faure  Seychelles President
19 October Andrej Plenković  Croatia Prime Minister
31 October Michel Aoun  Lebanon President[110]
18 November Umaro Sissoco Embaló  Guinea-Bissau Prime Minister
23 November Jüri Ratas  Estonia Prime Minister
28 November Duško Marković  Montenegro Prime Minister
12 December Paolo Gentiloni  Italy President of the Council of Ministers
13 December Saulius Skvernelis  Lithuania Prime Minister
Muhammad V  Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong
14 December Abdulla Aripov  Uzbekistan Prime Minister
16 December Vadim Krasnoselsky  Transnistria President
17 December Aleksandr Martynov Prime Minister
18 December Saad Hariri[111]  Lebanon President of the Council of Ministers[112]
23 December Igor Dodon  Moldova President

2017

Assumed Office Leader State Office
7 January Nana Akufo-Addo[113]  Ghana President
10 January Amadou Gon Coulibaly  Ivory Coast Prime Minister
19 January Adama Barrow  The Gambia President
20 January Donald Trump  United States President
22 January Rumen Radev  Bulgaria President
23 January Pravind Jugnauth[114]  Mauritius Prime Minister
26 January Alexander Van der Bellen  Austria Federal President
7 February Jovenel Moïse  Haiti President
16 February Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed  Somalia President[115]
28 February Sir Bob Dadae  Papua New Guinea Governor-General[2]
1 March Hassan Ali Khayre  Somalia Prime Minister
2 March Bakri Hassan Saleh  Sudan Prime Minister
19 March Frank-Walter Steinmeier  Germany President
21 March Jack Guy Lafontant  Haiti Prime Minister
5 April Saadeddine Othmani  Morocco Head of Government
7 April Bruno Tshibala  Democratic Republic of the Congo Prime Minister
21 April Anatoliy Bibilov  South Ossetia President
4 May Boyko Borisov  Bulgaria Prime Minister[116]
6 May Riad Seif Syrian Arab Republic (opposition) President of the National Coalition
10 May Moon Jae-in  South Korea President
11 May Hubert Minnis  The Bahamas Prime Minister
14 May Emmanuel Macron  Andorra French Co-Prince[25]
 France President
15 May Édouard Philippe Prime Minister
Patrick Strzoda  Andorra Personal Representative of the French Co-Prince[25]
16 May Erik Pukhayev  South Ossetia Prime Minister
20 May Francisco Guterres  East Timor President
24 May Lenín Moreno  Ecuador President
31 May Zoran Zaev  Macedonia President of the Government
Lee Nak-yeon  South Korea Prime Minister
7 June Sher Bahadur Deuba    Nepal Prime Minister[117]
14 June Leo Varadkar  Ireland Taoiseach
16 June Tom Thabane  Lesotho Prime Minister[118]
29 June Ana Brnabić  Serbia Prime Minister
6 July Tallis Obed Moses  Vanuatu President
10 July Khaltmaagiin Battulga  Mongolia President
21 July Va'aletoa Sualauvi II  Samoa O le Ao o le Malo
24 July Ilir Meta  Albania President[119]
25 July Ram Nath Kovind  India President
1 August Shahid Khaqan Abbasi  Pakistan Prime Minister
16 August Ahmed Ouyahia  Algeria Prime Minister[120]
25 August Sapar Isakov  Kyrgyzstan Prime Minister
30 August Edouard Ngirente  Rwanda Prime Minister
8 September William Lai  Taiwan President of the Executive Yuan
9 September Ramush Haradinaj  Kosovo Prime Minister[121]
14 September Halimah Yacob  Singapore President
15 September Mari Alkatiri  East Timor Prime Minister[122]
17 September Mercedes Aráoz  Peru Prime Minister
26 September João Lourenço  Angola President
1 October Enrico Carattoni  San Marino Captains Regent[123]
Matteo Fiorini
2 October Julie Payette  Canada Governor General[2]
4 October Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh  Mongolia Prime Minister
26 October Jacinda Ardern  New Zealand Prime Minister
1 November Ignazio Cassis   Switzerland Federal Councilor[42]
15 November Rick Houenipwela  Solomon Islands Prime Minister
24 November Sooronbay Jeenbekov  Kyrgyzstan President[124]
Emmerson Mnangagwa  Zimbabwe President
30 November Katrín Jakobsdóttir  Iceland Prime Minister
11 December Mateusz Morawiecki  Poland Prime Minister
13 December Andrej Babiš  Czech Republic Prime Minister
Muse Bihi Abdi  Somaliland President
18 December Sebastian Kurz  Austria Federal Chancellor
31 December Soumeylou Boubèye Maïga  Mali Prime Minister

2018

Assumed Office Leader State Office
8 January Dame Sandra Mason  Barbados Governor-General[2][125]
12 January Sir Neville Cenac[126]  Saint Lucia Governor-General[2]
16 January Mihai Fifor  Romania Acting Prime Minister

List of upcoming leaders

Taking Office Leader State Office
22 January George Weah  Liberia President-elect
11 March Sebastián Piñera  Chile President-elect[127]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Elizabeth II was Queen of Ceylon from 6 February 1952 – 22 May 1972, Queen of Pakistan from 6 February 1952 – 23 March 1956, Queen of South Africa from 6 February 1952 – 31 May 1961, Queen of Ghana from 6 March 1957 – 28 April 1960, Queen of Nigeria from 1 October 1960 – 1 October 1963, Queen of Sierra Leone from 27 April 1961 – 19 April 1971, Queen of Tanganyika from 9 December 1961 – 9 June 1962, Queen of Trinidad and Tobago from 31 August 1962 – 1 August 1976, Queen of Uganda from 9 October 1962 – 9 October 1963, Queen of Kenya from 12 December 1963 – 12 December 1964, Queen of Malawi from 6 July 1964 – 6 July 1966, Queen of Malta from 21 September 1964 – 13 December 1974, Queen of Gambia from 18 February 1965 – 24 April 1970, Queen of Guyana from 26 May 1966 – 23 February 1970, Queen of Mauritius from 12 March 1968 – 12 March 1992 and Queen of Fiji from 10 October 1970 – 15 October 1987.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p The Governors-General of each Commonwealth realm represent Elizabeth II.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k This is the date of this territory's independence from the United Kingdom. Prior to this date, Elizabeth II was head of state in her role as the Queen of the United Kingdom.
  4. ^ Prior to this date, Papua New Guinea was an Australian-administered United Nations Trust Territory. Elizabeth II was the head of state in her role as Queen of Australia.
  5. ^ Brunei was a British protected state until 1 January 1984.
  6. ^ Bahrain was a British protectorate until 16 December 1971.
  7. ^ Prince Khalifa is the uncle of the King, Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, and brother of the previous monarch, Sheikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa.
  8. ^ a b The country was the State of Bahrain before 14 February 2002.
  9. ^ Oman was a British protectorate until 2 December 1971.
  10. ^ The country was Muscat and Oman until August 1970.
  11. ^ President Obiang is the nephew of the previous president, Francisco Macías Nguema.
  12. ^ The country declared independence from the Soviet Union on 16 December 1991.
  13. ^ The country was called the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic until 10 December 1991.
  14. ^ a b Alois is the Prince-Regent of Liechtenstein for Hans-Adam II.
  15. ^ The country was called the People's Republic of Kampuchea until 1 May 1989, and the State of Cambodia until 24 September 1993.
  16. ^ Yoweri Museveni was the de facto head of state of Uganda as Commander of the National Resistance Army from 26 January 1986 – 29 January 1986.
  17. ^ Haakon was Prince-Regent of Norway from 25 November 2003 – 13 April 2004 and 29 March 2005 – 7 June 2005.
  18. ^ The country gained independence from Ethiopia on 23 May 1993.
  19. ^ Letsie III was previously King of Lesotho from 12 November 1990 – 25 January 1995.
  20. ^ Denis Sassou Nguesso was previously President of the People's Republic of the Congo / Republic of the Congo from 8 February 1979 – 31 August 1992. Sassou Nguesso was the de facto head of state of the Republic of the Congo as a militia leader from 15 October 1997 – 25 October 1997.
  21. ^ a b The late Kim Il-sung has been designated "Eternal President of North Korea" and the post of President has not been filled since his death on 8 July 1994, making Kim Il-sung in his de jure capacity the only deceased person considered a current head of state in the world.
  22. ^ President Guelleh is the nephew of the previous president, Hassan Gouled Aptidon.
  23. ^ President Assad is the son of the previous president, Hafez al-Assad.
  24. ^ President Kabila is the son of the previous president, Laurent-Désiré Kabila.
  25. ^ a b c d The Representatives of Andorra each represent their respective Co-Prince. Josep Maria Mauri represents Joan Enric Vives Sicília and Patrick Strzoda represents Emmanuel Macron.
  26. ^ Montenegro became independent on 3 June 2006, by seceding from Serbia and Montenegro.
  27. ^ The country was called the Republic of Montenegro until 22 October 2007.
  28. ^ Filip Vujanović was Prime Minister from 5 February 1998 – 5 November 2002 and Acting President from 25 November 2002 – 19 May 2003.
  29. ^ Sheikh Sabah is the son of an earlier emir, Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah who ruled between 1921 and 1950.
  30. ^ President Aliyev is the son of the previous president, Heydar Aliyev.
  31. ^ Artur Rasizade was Acting Prime Minister of Azerbaijan from 6 August 2003 – 4 November 2003.
  32. ^ Artur Rasizade was Prime Minister of Azerbaijan from 20 July 1996 – 4 August 2003.
  33. ^ Lee Hsien Loong is the son of former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew.
  34. ^ Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan is the son of the previous president, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan.
  35. ^ Mahmoud Abbas was Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority from 19 March 2003 – 6 September 2003.
  36. ^ President Gnassingbé is the son of the previous president, Gnassingbé Eyadéma.
  37. ^ Faure Gnassingbé was President of Togo from 5 February 2005 – 25 February 2005.
  38. ^ The country gained independence from Sudan on 9 July 2011.
  39. ^ It was the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region until 9 July 2011.
  40. ^ Sheikh Mohammed is the brother of the previous Prime Minister Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum, and son of the Prime Minister before that, Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum.
  41. ^ Raúl Castro is the brother of the previous President of the Council of State, Fidel Castro.
  42. ^ a b c d e f g The Swiss Federal Council is a collective seven-member Head of State. The President of Switzerland serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  43. ^ Frank Bainimarama was President of the Interim Military Government of Fiji from 29 May 2000 – 13 July 2000.
  44. ^ Daniel Ortega was a member (and from 4 March 1981 the Coordinator) of the Junta of National Reconstruction of Nicaragua (18 July 1979 – 10 January 1985); and he was President of Nicaragua from 10 January 1985 – 25 April 1990.
  45. ^ The country was called the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh until 10 March 2017.
  46. ^ President Khama is the son of a former president, Seretse Khama.
  47. ^ Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini was Prime Minister of Swaziland from 26 July 1996 – 29 September 2003.
  48. ^ Sheikh Hasina is the daughter of former President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
  49. ^ Sheikh Hasina was Prime Minister of Bangladesh from 23 June 1996 – 15 July 2001.
  50. ^ Benjamin Netanyahu was Prime Minister of Israel from 18 June 1996 – 6 July 1999.
  51. ^ Najib Razak is the son of former Prime Minister Abdul Razak Hussein, and the nephew of former Prime Minister Hussein Onn.
  52. ^ Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz was President of the High Council of State from 6 August 2008 – 15 April 2009.
  53. ^ President Bongo Ondimba is the son of the previous president, Omar Bongo.
  54. ^ Viktor Orbán was Prime Minister of Hungary from 6 July 1998 – 27 May 2002.
  55. ^ Dési Bouterse was Chairman of the National Military Council (de facto leader of Suriname) from 25 February 1980 - 25 January 1988 and head of state as National Army Commander from 13 August 1980 - 15 August 1980 and from 4 February 1982 - 8 February 1982.
  56. ^ Bakir Izetbegović is the son of former head of state Alija Izetbegović.
  57. ^ a b c In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Presidency is a Tripartite council, with the Chairman of the Presidency rotating every eight months.
  58. ^ Alassane Ouattara was Prime Minister of Ivory Coast from 7 November 1990 – 9 December 1993.
  59. ^ Mahamadou Issoufou was Prime Minister of Niger from 17 April 1993 – 28 September 1994.
  60. ^ Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi served as Acting President of Yemen from 4 June 2011 – 23 September 2011.
  61. ^ The office of Head of State of Yemen has been in dispute between Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi and the Head of the Supreme Political Council, Saleh Ali al-Sammad, since 15 August 2016.
  62. ^ Kim Jong-un is the son and grandson of the two previous supreme leaders, Kim Jong-il and Kim Il-sung.
  63. ^ The term Supreme Leader is used as a description, for the sake of brevity, rather than being an official title of a single office. The actual offices held by Kim Jong-un are: Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea, Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK, and Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army.
  64. ^ Tupou VI (then known as ʻAhoʻeitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga Tukuʻaho) was Prime Minister of Tonga from 3 January 2000 – 11 February 2006.
  65. ^ Macky Sall was Prime Minister of Senegal from 21 April 2004 – 19 June 2007.
  66. ^ Robert Fico was Prime Minister of Slovakia from 4 July 2006 – 8 July 2010.
  67. ^ Hage Geingob was Prime Minister of Namibia from 21 March 1990 – 28 August 2002.
  68. ^ Borut Pahor was Prime Minister of Slovenia from 21 November 2008 – 10 February 2012.
  69. ^ Shinzō Abe is the grandson of a former Prime Minister, Nobusuke Kishi.
  70. ^ Shinzō Abe was Prime Minister of Japan from 26 September 2006 – 26 September 2007.
  71. ^ President Remengesau is the son of a former president, Thomas Remengesau Sr.
  72. ^ Tommy Remengesau was President of Palau from 1 January 2001 – 15 January 2009.
  73. ^ Keith Mitchell was Prime Minister of Grenada from 22 June 1995 – 9 July 2008.
  74. ^ Miloš Zeman was Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from 22 July 1998 – 15 July 2002.
  75. ^ Pak Pong-ju was Premier of North Korea from 3 September 2003 – 11 April 2007.
  76. ^ President Kenyatta is the son of a former president, Jomo Kenyatta.
  77. ^ Enele Sopoaga is the brother of a former Prime Minister, Saufatu Sopoanga.
  78. ^ Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta was Prime Minister of Mali from 4 February 1994 – 15 February 2000.
  79. ^ President Yameen is the half-brother of a former president, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom.
  80. ^ Michelle Bachelet was President of Chile from 11 March 2006 – 11 March 2010.
  81. ^ President Mutharika is the brother of a former president, Bingu wa Mutharika.
  82. ^ Dame Marguerite is the widow of former Prime Minister Sir Lynden Pindling.
  83. ^ Raul Khajimba was Prime Minister of Abkhazia from 22 April 2003 – 6 October 2004.
  84. ^ Dragan Čović was a Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 5 October 2002 – 9 May 2005, and served as the Chairman of the Presidency from 2 April 2003 – 10 April 2003 and from 27 June 2003 – 28 February 2004.
  85. ^ Patrice Trovoada was Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe from 14 February 2008 – 22 June 2008 and from 14 August 2010 – 12 December 2012.
  86. ^ Beji Caid Essebsi was Head of Government of Tunisia from 27 February 2011 – 24 December 2011.
  87. ^ Ranil Wickremesinghe was Prime Minister of Sri Lanka from 7 May 1993 – 19 August 1994 and from 9 December 2001 – 6 April 2004.
  88. ^ Tabaré Vázquez was President of Uruguay from 1 March 2005 – 1 March 2010.
  89. ^ Antoni Martí was Head of Government of Andorra from 12 May 2011 - 23 March 2015.
  90. ^ Muhammadu Buhari was Head of State of Nigeria (titled Head of the Federal Military Government) from 31 December 1983 – 27 August 1985.
  91. ^ Yemi Osinbajo acted as President of Nigeria in Abuja from 6 June 2016 – 19 June 2016 while Muhammadu Buhari recovered from an illness in a London hospital. Osinbajo again acted as President in Abuja from 19 January 2017 – 13 March 2017 and 7 May 2017 – 19 August 2017 while Buhari received treatment in a London hospital.
  92. ^ Lars Løkke Rasmussen was Prime Minister of Denmark from 5 April 2009 – 3 October 2011.
  93. ^ Alexis Tsipras was Prime Minister of Greece from 26 January 2015 – 27 August 2015.
  94. ^ Justin Trudeau is the son of former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.
  95. ^ Roch Marc Kaboré was Prime Minister of Burkina Faso from 22 March 1994 – 6 February 1996.
  96. ^ Bounnhang Vorachith was Prime Minister of Laos from 27 March 2001 – 8 June 2006.
  97. ^ Andrew Holness was Prime Minister of Jamaica from 23 October 2011 – 5 January 2012.
  98. ^ The office of Head of State of Libya is disputed between the internationally-recognized incumbent, Fayez al-Sarraj, and Aguila Saleh Issa, the Chairman of the House of Representatives, since 30 March 2016. The office of Prime Minister of Libya is disputed between the internationally-recognized incumbent, Fayez al-Sarraj, and Abdullah al-Thani, the prime minister approved by the House of Representatives, since 30 March 2016.
  99. ^ Faustin Touadéra was Prime Minister of the Central African Republic from 22 January 2008 – 17 January 2013.
  100. ^ The office of Head of Government of Yemen has been in dispute between Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr and Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour, the Prime Minister of the Supreme Political Council government, since 28 November 2016.
  101. ^ Aung San Suu Kyi is the daughter of former Premier Aung San.
  102. ^ Hashim Thaçi was provisional Prime Minister of the mostly unrecognized Republic of Kosova from 2 April 1999 – 1 February 2000, Prime Minister of UN-administered Kosovo from 9 January 2008 – 17 February 2008, and Prime Minister of independent Kosovo from 17 February 2008 – 9 December 2014. Kosovo did not gain independence until 17 February 2008, being part of Serbia.
  103. ^ Volodymyr Groysman was Acting Prime Minister of Ukraine from 24 July 2014 – 31 July 2014 (for Arseniy Yatsenyuk during his temporary resignation).
  104. ^ Hüseyin Özgürgün was Acting Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus from 21 April 2010 – 17 May 2010.
  105. ^ Azali Assoumani was Chief of Staff of the National Development Army (de facto leader of the Comoros) from 30 April 1999 – 6 May 1999, Head of State of the Comoros from 6 May 1999 – 21 January 2002, then the elected President from 6 May 2002 – 26 May 2006.
  106. ^ Hani Al-Mulki is the son of former Prime Minister Fawzi Al-Mulki.
  107. ^ Pedro Pablo Kuczynski was Prime Minister of Peru from 16 August 2005 – 27 July 2006.
  108. ^ Evaristo Carvalho was Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe from 7 July 1994 – 25 October 1994 and from 26 September 2001 – 28 March 2002.
  109. ^ Prem Tinsulanonda was Regent of Thailand from 13 October 2016 – 1 December 2016.
  110. ^ Michel Aoun was both the disputed President of Lebanon and the disputed President of the Council of Ministers of Lebanon simultaneously from 22 September 1988 – 13 October 1990.
  111. ^ Saad Hariri is the son of former President of the Council of Ministers Rafik Hariri.
  112. ^ Saad Hariri was President of the Council of Ministers of Lebanon from 9 November 2009 – 13 June 2011.
  113. ^ President Akufo-Addo is the son of a former president, Edward Akufo-Addo.
  114. ^ Pravind Jugnauth is the son of the previous Prime Minister and former President Sir Anerood Jugnauth.
  115. ^ Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed was Prime Minister of Somalia from 1 November 2010 – 19 June 2011.
  116. ^ Boyko Borisov was Prime Minister of Bulgaria from 27 July 2009 – 13 March 2013 and from 7 November 2014 – 27 January 2017.
  117. ^ Sher Bahadur Deuba was Prime Minister of Nepal from 12 September 1995 – 12 March 1997, from 26 July 2001 – 4 October 2002, and from 3 June 2004 – 1 February 2005.
  118. ^ Tom Thabane was Prime Minister of Lesotho from 8 June 2012 – 30 August 2014 and 3 September 2014 – 17 March 2015.
  119. ^ Ilir Meta was Prime Minister of Albania from 29 October 1999 – 22 February 2002.
  120. ^ Ahmed Ouyahia was Prime Minister of Algeria from 31 December 1995 – 15 December 1998, from 5 May 2003 – 24 May 2006, and from 23 June 2008 – 3 September 2012.
  121. ^ Ramush Haradinaj was Prime Minister of UN-administered Kosovo from 3 December 2004 – 8 March 2005.
  122. ^ Mari Alkatiri was Prime Minister of East Timor from 20 September 2001 – 26 June 2006. East Timor was under UN administration from 25 October 1999 – 20 May 2002.
  123. ^ Matteo Fiorini was a Captain Regent of San Marino from 1 October 2011 – 1 April 2012.
  124. ^ Sooronbay Jeenbekov was Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan from 13 April 2016 – 22 August 2017.
  125. ^ Dame Sandra Mason was Acting Governor-General of Barbados from 30 May 2012 – 1 June 2012.
  126. ^ Sir Neville Cenac is the brother of former Prime Minister Winston Cenac.
  127. ^ Sebastián Piñera was President of Chile from 11 March 2010 – 11 March 2014.

External links

  • Rulers.org List of rulers throughout time and places