List of current state leaders by date of assumption of office

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Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand is the world's longest serving national leader, acceding to his throne on 9 June 1946.

This is a list of current state leaders ordered by their continuous tenure in a position of national leadership. In countries with different heads of state and heads of government, both offices are listed. For leaders who held the same office prior to their state's independence, the start of their tenure is used, not independence. For a list of heads of state taking dates of independence into account, see List of heads of state by diplomatic precedence.

Acting presidents are included in this list, but if a leader has non-consecutive terms, only the current period of service is listed.

States where head of state differs from head of government are mainly parliamentary systems. Often a leader holds both positions in presidential systems or dictatorships. Some states have semi-presidential systems where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state.

List of state leaders by date of assuming office

Prior to 1970

Assumed Office Leader State Office
9 June 1946 Bhumibol Adulyadej  Thailand King[1]
6 February 1952 Elizabeth II[2][3]  Antigua and Barbuda Queen: 1 November 1981 – present[4]
 Australia Queen
 Bahamas Queen: 10 July 1973 – present[4]
 Barbados Queen: 30 November 1966 – present[4]
 Belize Queen: 21 September 1981 – present[4]
 Canada Queen
 Grenada Queen: 7 February 1974 – present[4]
 Jamaica Queen: 6 August 1962 – present[4]
 New Zealand Queen
 Papua New Guinea Queen: 16 September 1975 – present[5]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Queen: 19 September 1983 – present[4]
 Saint Lucia Queen: 22 February 1979 – present[4]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Queen: 27 October 1979 – present[4]
 Solomon Islands Queen: 7 July 1978 – present[4]
 Tuvalu Queen: 1 October 1978 – present[4]
 United Kingdom Queen
4 October 1967 Hassanal Bolkiah  Brunei Sultan: 4 October 1967 – present
Prime Minister:[6] 1 January 1984 – present

1970s

Assumed Office Leader State Office
19 January 1970 Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa  Bahrain Prime Minister[7]
23 July 1970 Qaboos bin Said al Said  Oman Sultan: 23 July 1970 – present
Prime Minister:[8] 2 January 1972 – present
14 January 1972 Margrethe II  Denmark Queen
15 September 1973 Carl XVI Gustaf  Sweden King
30 June 1975 Paul Biya  Cameroon Prime Minister: 30 June 1975 – 6 November 1982
President: 6 November 1982 – present
3 August 1979 Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo  Equatorial Guinea Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council: 3 August 1979 – 25 August 1979
Chairman of the Supreme Military Council: 25 August 1979 – 12 October 1982

President: 12 October 1982 – present
10 September 1979 José Eduardo dos Santos  Angola Acting President: 10 September 1979 – 21 September 1979
President: 21 September 1979 – present

1980s

Assumed Office Leader State Office
18 April 1980 Robert Mugabe  Zimbabwe Prime Minister: 18 April 1980 – 31 December 1987
President: 31 December 1987 – present
13 October 1981 Ayatollah Ali Khamenei  Iran President: 13 October 1981 – 2 August 1989
Supreme Leader: 4 June 1989 – present
26 August 1984 Hans-Adam II  Liechtenstein Prince-regent: 26 August 1984 – 13 November 1989
Prince: 13 November 1989 – present[9]
14 January 1985 Hun Sen  Cambodia Chairman of the Council of Ministers: 14 January 1985 – 2 July 1993
Co-Equal Prime Minister: 2 July 1993 – 21 September 1993
Second Prime Minister: 21 September 1993 – 30 November 1998
Prime Minister: 30 November 1998 – present
29 January 1986 Yoweri Museveni  Uganda President[10]
25 April 1986 Mswati III  Swaziland King
7 January 1989 Akihito  Japan Emperor
30 June 1989 Omar al-Bashir  Sudan President of the Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation: 30 June 1989 – 16 October 1993
President: 16 October 1993 – present

1990s

Assumed Office Leader State Office
22 February 1990 Nursultan Nazarbayev  Kazakhstan President[11]
24 March 1990 Islam Karimov  Uzbekistan President[12]
1 June 1990 Harald V  Norway Prince-regent: 1 June 1990 – 17 January 1991
King: 17 January 1991 – present[13]
2 December 1990 Idriss Déby  Chad President of the Patriotic Salvation Movement: 2 December 1990 – 4 December 1990
President of the Council of State: 4 December 1990 – 4 March 1991

President: 4 March 1991 – present
27 April 1991 Isaias Afwerki  Eritrea President[14]
19 November 1992 Emomali Rahmon  Tajikistan Acting Chairman of the Supreme Council: 19 November 1992 – 27 November 1992
Chairman of the Supreme Council: 27 November 1992 – 16 November 1994
President: 16 November 1994 – present
17 November 1993 Sir Colville Young  Belize Governor-General[3]
20 July 1994 Alexander Lukashenko  Belarus President
22 July 1994 Yahya Jammeh  Gambia Chairman of the Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council: 22 July 1994 – 28 September 1996
President: 28 September 1996 – present
7 February 1996 Letsie III  Lesotho King[15]
1 August 1996 Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson  Iceland President
19 September 1997 Dame Pearlette Louisy  Saint Lucia Governor-General[3]
25 October 1997 Denis Sassou Nguesso  Republic of the Congo President[16]
3 March 1998 Henri  Luxembourg Prince-regent: 3 March 1998 – 7 October 2000
Grand Duke: 7 October 2000 – present
5 September 1998 Kim Yong-nam  North Korea President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly[17]
23 November 1998 Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi  Samoa Prime Minister
7 February 1999 Abdullah II  Jordan King
6 March 1999 Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa  Bahrain Emir: 6 March 1999 – 14 February 2002
King: 14 February 2002 – present
27 April 1999 Abdelaziz Bouteflika  Algeria President
8 May 1999 Ismaïl Omar Guelleh  Djibouti President
23 July 1999 Mohammed VI  Morocco King
9 August 1999 Vladimir Putin  Russia Acting Chairman of the Government: 9 August 1999 – 16 August 1999
Chairman of the Government: 16 August 1999 – 7 May 2000
Acting President: 31 December 1999 – 7 May 2000
President: 7 May 2000 – 7 May 2008
Chairman of the Government: 8 May 2008 – 7 May 2012
President: 7 May 2012 – present

2000–2004

Assumed Office Leader State Office
24 March 2000 Paul Kagame  Rwanda Acting President: 24 March 2000 – 22 April 2000
President: 22 April 2000 – present
17 July 2000 Bashar al-Assad  Syria President
17 January 2001 Joseph Kabila  Democratic Republic of the Congo Acting President: 17 January 2001 – 26 January 2001
President: 26 January 2001 – present
29 March 2001 Ralph Gonsalves  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Prime Minister
2 September 2002 Sir Frederick Ballantyne Governor-General[3]
14 March 2003 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan  Turkey Prime Minister: 14 March 2003 – 28 August 2014
President: 28 August 2014 – present
12 May 2003 Archbishop Joan Enric Vives Sicília  Andorra Episcopal Co-Prince[18]
22 May 2003 Filip Vujanović  Montenegro President[19]
13 July 2003 Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah  Kuwait Prime Minister: 13 July 2003 – 29 January 2006
Emir: 29 January 2006 – present
4 August 2003 Ilham Aliyev  Azerbaijan Prime Minister: 4 August 2003 – 4 November 2003[20]
President: 31 October 2003 – present
6 August 2003 Artur Rasizade Acting Prime Minister: 6 August 2003 – 4 November 2003
Prime Minister: 4 November 2003 – present[21]
29 October 2003 Abdelkader Taleb Omar  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Prime Minister
11 December 2003 Shavkat Mirziyoyev  Uzbekistan Prime Minister
8 January 2004 Roosevelt Skerrit  Dominica Prime Minister
14 April 2004 James Michel  Seychelles President
12 August 2004 Lee Hsien Loong  Singapore Prime Minister
15 August 2004 Hereditary Prince Alois  Liechtenstein Regent[9]
14 October 2004 Norodom Sihamoni  Cambodia King
3 November 2004 Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan  United Arab Emirates President

2005–2009

Assumed Office Leader State Office
15 January 2005 Mahmoud Abbas  Palestine President[22]
31 March 2005 Albert II  Monaco Prince-regent: 31 March 2005 – 6 April 2005
Prince: 6 April 2005 – present
4 May 2005 Faure Gnassingbé  Togo President[23]
11 August 2005 Salva Kiir Mayardit  South Sudan President[24]
26 August 2005 Pierre Nkurunziza  Burundi President
22 November 2005 Angela Merkel  Germany Chancellor
16 January 2006 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf  Liberia President
22 January 2006 Evo Morales  Bolivia President
11 February 2006 Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum  United Arab Emirates Prime Minister
31 July 2006 Raúl Castro  Cuba Acting President of the Council of State and Acting President of the Council of Ministers: 31 July 2006 – 24 February 2008
Acting First Secretary: 31 July 2006 – 19 April 2011
President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers: 24 February 2008 – present
First Secretary: 19 April 2011 – present
1 August 2006 Doris Leuthard   Switzerland Federal Councilor: 1 August 2006 – present
President: 1 January 2010 – 31 December 2010[25]
9 October 2006 Toomas Hendrik Ilves  Estonia President
5 December 2006 Frank Bainimarama  Fiji Acting President: 5 December 2006 – 4 January 2007[26]
Acting Prime Minister: 5 January 2007 – 22 September 2014
Prime Minister: 22 September 2014 – present
14 December 2006 Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck  Bhutan King
21 December 2006 Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow  Turkmenistan Acting President: 21 December 2006 – 14 February 2007
President: 14 February 2007 – present
10 January 2007 Daniel Ortega  Nicaragua President[27]
15 January 2007 Rafael Correa  Ecuador President
26 March 2007 Serzh Sargsyan  Armenia Prime Minister: 26 March 2007 – 9 April 2008
President: 9 April 2008 – present
11 May 2007 Tufuga Efi  Samoa Acting O le Ao o le Malo: 11 May 2007 – 20 June 2007
O le Ao o le Malo: 20 June 2007 – present[28]
7 September 2007 Bako Sahakyan  Nagorno-Karabakh President
14 September 2007 Arayik Harutyunyan Prime Minister
17 September 2007 Ernest Bai Koroma  Sierra Leone President
8 February 2008 Dean Barrow  Belize Prime Minister
1 April 2008 Ian Khama  Botswana President
7 May 2008 Dmitry Medvedev  Russia President: 7 May 2008 – 7 May 2012
Chairman of the Government: 8 May 2012 – present
23 October 2008 Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini  Swaziland Prime Minister[29]
19 November 2008 John Key  New Zealand Prime Minister
1 January 2009 Ueli Maurer   Switzerland Federal Councilor: 1 January 2009 – present
President: 1 January 2013 – 31 December 2013[25]
6 January 2009 Sheikh Hasina  Bangladesh Prime Minister[30]
20 January 2009 Barack Obama  United States President
26 February 2009 Sir Patrick Allen  Jamaica Governor-General[3]
26 March 2009 Valentin Inzko  Bosnia and Herzegovina High Representative
31 March 2009 Benjamin Netanyahu  Israel Prime Minister[31]
3 April 2009 Najib Razak  Malaysia Prime Minister
9 May 2009 Jacob Zuma  South Africa President
12 May 2009 Gjorge Ivanov  Macedonia President
18 June 2009 Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj  Mongolia President[32]
30 June 2009 Philémon Yang  Cameroon Prime Minister
7 July 2009 Sir Frank Kabui  Solomon Islands Governor-General[3]
12 July 2009 Dalia Grybauskaitė  Lithuania President
5 August 2009 Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz  Mauritania President[33]
16 October 2009 Ali Bongo Ondimba  Gabon President
1 November 2009 Didier Burkhalter   Switzerland Federal Councilor: 1 November 2009 – present
President: 1 January 2014 – 31 December 2014[25]

2010–2011

Assumed Office Leader State Office
16 April 2010 Sir Iakoba Italeli  Tuvalu Governor-General[3]
29 May 2010 Viktor Orbán  Hungary Prime Minister[34]
27 July 2010 Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud  Somaliland President
7 August 2010 Juan Manuel Santos  Colombia President
12 August 2010 Dési Bouterse  Suriname President[35]
1 October 2010 David Johnston  Canada Governor General[3]
14 October 2010 Mark Rutte  Netherlands Prime Minister
23 October 2010 Freundel Stuart  Barbados Prime Minister
1 November 2010 Johann Schneider-Ammann   Switzerland Federal Councilor: 1 November 2010 – present
President: 1 January 2016 – present[25]
Simonetta Sommaruga Federal Councilor: 1 November 2010 – present
President: 1 January 2015 – 31 December 2015[25]
10 November 2010 Bakir Izetbegović  Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidency Member: 10 November 2010 – present
Chairman of the Presidency: 10 March 2012 – 10 November 2012
Chairman of the Presidency: 10 March 2014 – 17 November 2014
Chairman of the Presidency: 17 March 2016 – present[36]
4 December 2010 Alassane Ouattara  Ivory Coast President[37]
20 December 2010 Sir Michael Ogio  Papua New Guinea Acting Governor-General: 20 December 2010 – 25 February 2011
Governor-General: 25 February 2011 – present
[3]
21 December 2010 Alpha Condé  Guinea President
1 January 2011 Dilma Rousseff  Brazil President[38]
19 January 2011 Nguyễn Phú Trọng  Vietnam Secretary of the Central Military Commission and General Secretary
9 March 2011 Enda Kenny  Ireland Taoiseach
7 April 2011 Mahamadou Issoufou  Niger President[39]
Brigi Rafini Prime Minister
28 July 2011 Ollanta Humala  Peru President
2 August 2011 Peter O'Neill  Papua New Guinea Prime Minister
31 August 2011 Sir Jerry Mateparae  New Zealand Governor-General[3]
1 September 2011 Tony Tan  Singapore President
3 September 2011 Manuel Pinto da Costa  São Tomé and Príncipe President[40]
9 September 2011 Jorge Carlos Fonseca  Cape Verde President
1 October 2011 Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello   Vatican City President of the Governorate
11 November 2011 Michael D. Higgins  Ireland President
14 November 2011 Almazbek Atambayev  Kyrgyzstan Prime Minister: 14 November 2011 – 1 December 2011[41]
President: 1 December 2011 – present
23 November 2011 Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi  Yemen Acting President: 23 November 2011 – 25 February 2012[42]
President: 25 February 2012 – present[43]
29 November 2011 Abdelilah Benkirane  Morocco Prime Minister
4 December 2011 Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah  Kuwait Prime Minister
13 December 2011 Tuanku Abdul Halim  Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong[44]
17 December 2011 Kim Jong-un  North Korea Supreme Leader[17][45]
21 December 2011 Mariano Rajoy  Spain Prime Minister
30 December 2011 Yevgeny Shevchuk  Transnistria President

2012

Assumed Office Leader State Office
1 January Alain Berset   Switzerland Federal Councilor[25]
22 January Rosen Plevneliev  Bulgaria President
1 March Sauli Niinistö  Finland President
18 March Joachim Gauck  Germany President
Tupou VI  Tonga King[46]
23 March Nicolae Timofti  Moldova President
2 April Macky Sall  Senegal President[47]
4 April Robert Fico  Slovakia Prime Minister[48]
18 April Augustin Matata Ponyo  Democratic Republic of the Congo Prime Minister
19 April Leonid Tibilov  South Ossetia President
8 May Perry Christie  Bahamas Prime Minister[49]
10 May János Áder  Hungary President
15 May François Hollande  Andorra French Co-Prince[18]
 France President
20 May Taur Matan Ruak  East Timor President
31 May Tomislav Nikolić  Serbia President
1 June Sir Elliott Belgrave  Barbados Governor-General[3][50]
20 July Josep Maria Mauri  Andorra Representative[18]
24 July Bujar Nishani  Albania President
John Dramani Mahama  Ghana President
25 July Pranab Mukherjee  India President
16 August Danilo Medina  Dominican Republic President
20 August Hailemariam Desalegn  Ethiopia Acting Prime Minister: 20 August 2012 – 21 September 2012
Prime Minister: 21 September 2012 – present
16 September Hassan Sheikh Mohamud  Somalia President
15 November Xi Jinping  China Chairman of the Central Military Commission and General Secretary: 15 November 2012 – present
President: 14 March 2013 – present
21 November Daniel Kablan Duncan  Ivory Coast Prime Minister[51]
1 December Enrique Peña Nieto  Mexico President
4 December Milo Đukanović  Montenegro Prime Minister[52]
Hage Geingob  Namibia Prime Minister: 4 December 2012 – 21 March 2015[53]
President: 21 March 2015 – present
13 December Algirdas Butkevičius  Lithuania Prime Minister
22 December Borut Pahor  Slovenia President[54]
26 December Shinzō Abe  Japan Prime Minister[55]

2013

Assumed Office Leader State Office
17 January Tommy Remengesau  Palau President[56]
20 February Keith Mitchell  Grenada Prime Minister[57]
25 February Park Geun-hye  South Korea President
28 February Nicos Anastasiades  Cyprus President
5 March Nicolás Maduro  Venezuela Acting President: 5 March 2013 – 19 April 2013
President: 19 April 2013 – present
8 March Miloš Zeman  Czech Republic President[58]
11 March Joseph Muscat  Malta Prime Minister
13 March Pope Francis   Vatican City Sovereign
14 March Abdul Hamid  Bangladesh Acting President: 14 March 2013 – 24 April 2013
President: 24 April 2013 – present
15 March Li Keqiang  China Premier of the State Council
18 March Anthony Carmona  Trinidad and Tobago President
27 March Adrian Hasler  Liechtenstein Head of Government
1 April Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed  Djibouti Prime Minister
Pak Pong-ju  North Korea Premier[59]
9 April Uhuru Kenyatta  Kenya President
30 April Willem-Alexander  Netherlands King
7 May Dame Cécile La Grenade  Grenada Governor-General[3]
5 June Nawaz Sharif  Pakistan Prime Minister[60]
6 June Rami Hamdallah  Palestine Prime Minister
11 June Baron Waqa  Nauru President
25 June Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani  Qatar Emir
26 June Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani Prime Minister
21 July Philippe  Belgium King
29 July Tshering Tobgay  Bhutan Prime Minister
1 August Enele Sopoaga  Tuvalu Acting Prime Minister: 1 August 2013 – 5 August 2013
Prime Minister: 5 August 2013 – present
3 August Hassan Rouhani  Iran President
15 August Horacio Cartes  Paraguay President
4 September Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta  Mali President[61]
9 September Mamnoon Hussain  Pakistan President
15 September Edi Rama  Albania Prime Minister
2 October Charles Savarin  Dominica President
7 October Mulatu Teshome  Ethiopia President
16 October Erna Solberg  Norway Prime Minister
17 November Giorgi Margvelashvili  Georgia President
Abdulla Yameen  Maldives President
23 November Kokhir Rasulzoda  Tajikistan Prime Minister
4 December Xavier Bettel  Luxembourg Prime Minister

2014

Assumed Office Leader State Office
20 January Domenty Kulumbegov  South Ossetia Acting Prime Minister: 20 January 2014 – 2 April 2014
Prime Minister: 2 April 2014 – present
25 January Hery Rajaonarimampianina  Madagascar President
27 January Daniel Ona Ondo  Gabon Prime Minister
Juan Orlando Hernández  Honduras President
29 January Bohuslav Sobotka  Czech Republic Prime Minister
15 February Tammam Salam  Lebanon Prime Minister: 15 February 2014 – present
Acting President: 25 May 2014 – present
22 February Matteo Renzi  Italy Prime Minister
11 March Michelle Bachelet  Chile President[62]
26 March Taavi Rõivas  Estonia Prime Minister
28 March Sir Peter Cosgrove  Australia Governor-General[3]
31 March Manuel Valls  France Prime Minister
2 April Karim Massimov  Kazakhstan Prime Minister[63]
4 April Marie Louise Coleiro Preca  Malta President
13 April Hovik Abrahamyan  Armenia Prime Minister
27 April Aleksandar Vučić  Serbia Prime Minister
29 April Abdelmalek Sellal  Algeria Prime Minister[64]
8 May Luis Guillermo Solís  Costa Rica President
22 May Prayuth Chan-ocha  Thailand Leader of the National Council for Peace and Order: 22 May 2014 – 25 August 2014
Prime Minister: 25 August 2014 – present
26 May Narendra Modi  India Prime Minister
31 May Peter Mutharika  Malawi President
1 June Salvador Sánchez Cerén  El Salvador President
7 June Petro Poroshenko  Ukraine President
8 June Abdel Fattah el-Sisi  Egypt President
13 June Gaston Browne  Antigua and Barbuda Prime Minister
15 June Andrej Kiska  Slovakia President
19 June Felipe VI  Spain King
23 June José Mário Vaz  Guinea-Bissau President
1 July Juan Carlos Varela  Panama President
6 July Mohammed Dionne  Senegal Prime Minister
8 July Dame Marguerite Pindling  Bahamas Governor-General[3]
23 July Anastase Murekezi  Rwanda Prime Minister
24 July Fuad Masum  Iraq President
Reuven Rivlin  Israel President
14 August Sir Rodney Williams  Antigua and Barbuda Governor-General[3]
20 August Yahya Ould Hademine  Mauritania Prime Minister
8 September Haider al-Abadi  Iraq Prime Minister
18 September Miro Cerar  Slovenia Prime Minister
Ruhakana Rugunda  Uganda Prime Minister
22 September Baldwin Lonsdale  Vanuatu President
25 September Raul Khajimba  Abkhazia President[65]
29 September Ashraf Ghani  Afghanistan President
Abdullah Abdullah Chief Executive Officer
3 October Stefan Löfven  Sweden Prime Minister
11 October Charles Michel  Belgium Prime Minister
20 October Joko Widodo  Indonesia President
7 November Boyko Borissov  Bulgaria Prime Minister[66]
17 November Dragan Čović  Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidency Member: 17 November 2014 – present[67]
Chairman of the Presidency: 17 July 2015 – 17 March 2016[36]
Mladen Ivanić Presidency Member: 17 November 2014 – present
Chairman of the Presidency: 17 November 2014 – 17 July 2015[36]
21 November Chimediin Saikhanbileg  Mongolia Prime Minister
29 November Patrice Trovoada  São Tomé and Príncipe Prime Minister[68]
9 December Isa Mustafa  Kosovo Prime Minister
Manasseh Sogavare  Solomon Islands Prime Minister[69]
17 December Sir Anerood Jugnauth  Mauritius Prime Minister[70]
21 December Klaus Iohannis  Romania President
24 December Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke  Somalia Prime Minister[71]
27 December Andrei Kobyakov  Belarus Prime Minister
30 December ʻAkilisi Pōhiva  Tonga Prime Minister
31 December Beji Caid Essebsi  Tunisia President[72]

2015

Assumed Office Leader State Office
9 January Modibo Keita  Mali Prime Minister[73]
Maithripala Sirisena  Sri Lanka President
Ranil Wickremesinghe Prime Minister[74]
15 January Filipe Nyusi  Mozambique President
19 January Carlos Agostinho do Rosário Prime Minister
23 January Salman  Saudi Arabia King and Prime Minister
25 January Edgar Lungu  Zambia President
3 February Sergio Mattarella  Italy President
6 February Habib Essid  Tunisia Head of Government
11 February Denis Zvizdić  Bosnia and Herzegovina Chairman of the Council of Ministers
16 February Rui Maria de Araújo  East Timor Prime Minister
18 February Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović  Croatia President
Timothy Harris  Saint Kitts and Nevis Prime Minister
1 March Tabaré Vázquez  Uruguay President[75]
13 March Prokopis Pavlopoulos  Greece President
17 March Pakalitha Mosisili  Lesotho Prime Minister[76]
20 March Artur Mikvabia  Abkhazia Prime Minister
21 March Saara Kuugongelwa  Namibia Prime Minister
1 April Antoni Martí  Andorra Head of Government[77]
2 April Pedro Cateriano  Peru President of the Council of Ministers
30 April Mustafa Akıncı  Northern Cyprus President
11 May Peter M. Christian  Federated States of Micronesia President
16 May David Granger  Guyana President
20 May Moses Nagamootoo Prime Minister
Sir Tapley Seaton  Saint Kitts and Nevis Acting Governor-General: 20 May 2015 – 2 September 2015
Governor-General: 2 September 2015 – present[3]
29 May Juha Sipilä  Finland Prime Minister
Muhammadu Buhari  Nigeria President[78]
5 June Ameenah Gurib  Mauritius President
10 June Komi Sélom Klassou  Togo Prime Minister
18 June Hwang Kyo-ahn  South Korea Prime Minister
28 June Lars Løkke Rasmussen  Denmark Prime Minister[79]
8 July Raimonds Vējonis  Latvia President
6 August Andrzej Duda  Poland President
9 September Keith Rowley  Trinidad and Tobago Prime Minister
15 September Malcolm Turnbull  Australia Prime Minister
19 September Sherif Ismail  Egypt Prime Minister
21 September Alexis Tsipras  Greece Prime Minister[80]
12 October Khadga Prasad Oli    Nepal Prime Minister
29 October Bidhya Devi Bhandari President
4 November Justin Trudeau  Canada Prime Minister
5 November John Magufuli  Tanzania President
12 November George Konrote  Fiji President
16 November Beata Szydło  Poland Prime Minister
17 November Dacian Cioloș  Romania Prime Minister
20 November Kassim Majaliwa  Tanzania Prime Minister
26 November António Costa  Portugal Prime Minister
10 December Mauricio Macri  Argentina President
23 December Pavel Prokudin  Transnistria Prime Minister
29 December Roch Marc Christian Kaboré  Burkina Faso President[81]
Mamady Youla  Guinea Prime Minister
30 December Giorgi Kvirikashvili  Georgia Prime Minister

2016

Assumed Office Leader State Office
1 January Guy Parmelin   Switzerland Federal Councilor[25]
13 January Paul Kaba Thieba  Burkina Faso Prime Minister
14 January Jimmy Morales  Guatemala President
18 January Emil Dimitriev  Macedonia Interim President of the Government
20 January Pavel Filip  Moldova Prime Minister
22 January Tihomir Orešković  Croatia Prime Minister
Bounnhang Vorachith  Laos General Secretary: 22 January 2016 – present[82]
President: 20 April 2016 – present
28 January Hilda Heine  Marshall Islands President
1 February Serge Telle  Monaco Minister of State
11 February Māris Kučinskis  Latvia Prime Minister
Charlot Salwai  Vanuatu Prime Minister
13 February Albert Pahimi Padacké  Chad Prime Minister
14 February Jocelerme Privert  Haiti Acting President
3 March Andrew Holness  Jamaica Prime Minister[83]
5 March Anas al-Abdah Syrian Arab Republic (opposition) President of the National Coalition
9 March Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa  Portugal President
11 March Taneti Mamau  Kiribati President
28 March Enex Jean-Charles  Haiti Prime Minister
30 March Fayez al-Sarraj  Libya Chairman of the Presidential Council and Prime Minister[84]
Htin Kyaw  Myanmar President
Faustin-Archange Touadéra  Central African Republic President[85]
1 April Massimo Andrea Ugolini  San Marino Captains Regent
Gian Nicola Berti
2 April Simplice Sarandji  Central African Republic Prime Minister
Trần Đại Quang  Vietnam President
4 April Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr  Yemen Prime Minister[86]
5 April Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson  Iceland Acting Prime Minister: 5 April 2016 – 7 April 2016
Prime Minister: 7 April 2016 – present
6 April Patrice Talon  Benin President
Aung San Suu Kyi  Myanmar State Counsellor
7 April Hashim Thaçi  Kosovo President[87]
Nguyễn Xuân Phúc  Vietnam Prime Minister
13 April Sooronbay Jeenbekov  Kyrgyzstan Prime Minister
Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana  Madagascar Prime Minister
14 April Volodymyr Groysman  Ukraine Prime Minister[88]
16 April Hüseyin Özgürgün  Northern Cyprus Prime Minister[89]
20 April Thongloun Sisoulith  Laos Prime Minister
22 April Ulisses Correia e Silva  Cape Verde Prime Minister
23 April Clément Mouamba  Republic of the Congo Prime Minister
12 May Michel Temer  Brazil Acting President[38]
17 May Christian Kern  Austria Federal Chancellor
Jawad Abu Hatab Syrian Arab Republic (opposition) Prime Minister
20 May Tsai Ing-wen  Taiwan President
Lin Chuan Premier of the Executive Yuan
24 May Binali Yıldırım  Turkey Prime Minister
26 May Azali Assoumani  Comoros President[90]
27 May Baciro Djá  Guinea-Bissau Prime Minister[91]
1 June Hani Al-Mulki  Jordan Prime Minister
7 June Allen Chastanet  Saint Lucia Prime Minister
15 June Jean-Pierre Hugues  Andorra Representative[18]
23 June Francisco Pascual Obama Asue  Equatorial Guinea Prime Minister
30 June Rodrigo Duterte  Philippines President
3 July Imad Khamis  Syria Prime Minister
7 July Jargaltulga Erdenebat  Mongolia Prime Minister
8 July Doris Bures  Austria Acting Federal Presidential College Member[92]
Karlheinz Kopf
Norbert Hofer
12 July Brahim Ghali  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic General Secretary and President
13 July Theresa May  United Kingdom Prime Minister

List of upcoming leaders

Designated Leader State Office
28 July Pedro Pablo Kuczynski  Peru President-elect[93]
August Fernando Zavala President of the Council of Ministers-designate
1 August Guðni Th. Jóhannesson  Iceland President-elect
14 September Dame Patsy Reddy  New Zealand Governor-General designate[3]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Rangsit was Prince-Regent of Thailand from 16 June 1946 – 5 May 1950 and Sirikit was Queen-Regent from 22 October 1956 – 7 December 1956.
  2. ^ Elizabeth II was Queen of Ceylon from 6 February 1952 – 22 May 1972, Queen of Pakistan from 6 February 1952 – 23 March 1956, Queen of South Africa from 6 February 1952 – 31 May 1961, Queen of Ghana from 6 March 1957 – 28 April 1960, Queen of Nigeria from 1 October 1960 – 1 October 1963, Queen of Sierra Leone from 27 April 1961 – 19 April 1971, Queen of Tanganyika from 9 December 1961 – 9 June 1962, Queen of Trinidad and Tobago from 31 August 1962 – 1 August 1976, Queen of Uganda from 9 October 1962 – 9 October 1963, Queen of Kenya from 12 December 1963 – 12 December 1964, Queen of Malawi from 6 July 1964 – 6 July 1966, Queen of Malta from 21 September 1964 – 13 December 1974, Queen of Gambia from 18 February 1965 – 24 April 1970, Queen of Guyana from 26 May 1966 – 23 February 1970, Queen of Mauritius from 12 March 1968 – 12 March 1992 and Queen of Fiji from 10 October 1970 – 15 October 1987.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q The Governors-General of each Commonwealth realm represent Elizabeth II.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k This is the date of this territory's independence from the United Kingdom. Prior to this date, Elizabeth II was head of state in her role as the Queen of the United Kingdom.
  5. ^ Prior to this date, Papua New Guinea was an Australian-administered United Nations Trust Territory. Elizabeth II was the head of state in her role as Queen of Australia.
  6. ^ Brunei was a British protectorate until 1 January 1984. Hassanal Bolkiah did not take the position of Prime Minister until full independence.
  7. ^ Bahrain was a British protectorate until 16 December 1971.
  8. ^ Oman was a British protectorate until 2 December 1971. Qaboos bin Said al Said did not take the position of Prime Minister until a month after full independence.
  9. ^ a b Alois is the Prince-Regent of Liechtenstein for Hans-Adam II.
  10. ^ Yoweri Museveni was de facto ruler of Uganda as Commander of the National Resistance Army from 26 January 1986.
  11. ^ Nursultan Nazarbayev was head of state of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic from 22 February 1990 until it gained independence on 25 December 1991.
  12. ^ Islam Karimov was President of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic from 24 March 1990 until it gained independence on 25 December 1991.
  13. ^ Haakon was Prince-Regent of Norway from 25 November 2003 – 13 April 2004 and 29 March 2005 – 7 June 2005.
  14. ^ Isaias Afwerki was Secretary-general of the Provisional Government of Eritrea until independence on 23 May 1993.
  15. ^ Letsie III was King of Lesotho from 12 November 1990 – 25 January 1995.
  16. ^ Denis Sassou Nguesso was President of Congo from 8 February 1979 – 31 August 1992, and was de facto ruler as militia leader from 15 – 25 October 1997.
  17. ^ a b The late Kim Il-sung has been designated "Eternal President of North Korea" and the post of President has not been filled since his death on 8 July 1994, making Kim Il-sung in his de jure capacity the only deceased person considered a current head of state in the world.
  18. ^ a b c d The Representatives of Andorra each represent their respective Co-Prince. Josep Maria Mauri represents Joan Enric Vives Sicília and Jean-Pierre Hugues represents François Hollande.
  19. ^ Montenegro did not gain independence until 3 June 2006, being part of Serbia and Montenegro. Filip Vujanović was Acting President from 25 November 2002 – 19 May 2003.
  20. ^ Artur Rasizade was Acting Prime Minister of Azerbaijan from 6 August 2003 – 4 November 2003.
  21. ^ Artur Rasizade was Prime Minister of Azerbaijan from 20 July 1996 – 4 August 2003.
  22. ^ Mahmoud Abbas was Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority from 19 March 2003 – 6 September 2003.
  23. ^ Faure Gnassingbé was President of Togo from 5 February 2005 – 25 February 2005.
  24. ^ Salva Kiir Mayardit was President of the Government of Southern Sudan prior to his country's independence from Sudan on 9 July 2011.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g The Swiss Federal Council is a collective seven-member Head of State. The President of Switzerland serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  26. ^ Frank Bainimarama was President of the Interim Military Government of Fiji from 29 May 2000 – 13 July 2000.
  27. ^ Daniel Ortega was a member of the Junta of National Reconstruction of Nicaragua from 18 July 1979 – 4 March 1981 and the Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction from 4 March 1981 – 10 January 1985; he was President from 10 January 1985 – 25 April 1990.
  28. ^ Tufuga Efi was Prime Minister of Samoa from 24 March 1976 – 13 April 1982 and 18 September 1982 – 31 December 1982.
  29. ^ Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini was Prime Minister of Swaziland from 26 July 1996 – 29 September 2003.
  30. ^ Sheikh Hasina was Prime Minister of Bangladesh from 23 June 1996 – 15 July 2001.
  31. ^ Benjamin Netanyahu was Prime Minister of Israel from 18 June 1996 – 6 July 1999.
  32. ^ Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj was Prime Minister of Mongolia from 23 April 1998 – 9 December 1998 and 20 August 2004 – 13 January 2006.
  33. ^ Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz was President of the High Council of State from 6 August 2008 – 15 April 2009.
  34. ^ Viktor Orbán was Prime Minister of Hungary from 6 July 1998 – 27 May 2002.
  35. ^ Dési Bouterse was Chairman of the National Military Council (de facto leader of Suriname) from 25 February 1980 - 25 January 1988 and head of state as National Army Commander from 13 August 1980 - 15 August 1980 and from 4 February 1982 - 8 February 1982.
  36. ^ a b c In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Presidency is a Tripartite council, with the Chairman of the Presidency rotating every eight months.
  37. ^ Alassane Ouattara was Prime Minister of Ivory Coast from 7 November 1990 – 9 December 1993.
  38. ^ a b Michel Temer is acting for Dilma Rousseff, who has been suspended from her powers and duties as President of Brazil from 12 May 2016 – present.
  39. ^ Mahamadou Issoufou was Prime Minister of Niger from 17 April 1993 – 28 September 1994.
  40. ^ Manuel Pinto da Costa was President of São Tomé and Príncipe from 12 July 1975 – 4 March 1991, when the country was a one-party state.
  41. ^ Almazbek Atambayev was Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan from 29 March 2007 – 28 November 2007 and 17 December 2010 – 23 September 2011.
  42. ^ Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi served as Acting President of Yemen from 4 June 2011 – 23 September 2011.
  43. ^ The office of Head of State of Yemen has been in dispute between Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi and the President of the Supreme Revolutionary Committee, Mohammed Ali al-Houthi, since 6 February 2015.
  44. ^ Abdul Halim was Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia from 21 September 1970 – 20 September 1975.
  45. ^ The term Supreme Leader is used as a description, for the sake of brevity, rather than being an official title of a single office. The actual offices held by Kim Jong-un are: Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea, Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK, and Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army.
  46. ^ Tupou VI (then known as ʻAhoʻeitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga Tukuʻaho) was Prime Minister of Tonga from 3 January 2000 – 11 February 2006.
  47. ^ Macky Sall was Prime Minister of Senegal from 21 April 2004 – 19 June 2007.
  48. ^ Robert Fico was Prime Minister of Slovakia from 4 July 2006 – 8 July 2010.
  49. ^ Perry Christie was Prime Minister of the Bahamas from 3 May 2002 – 4 May 2005 and 6 June 2005 – 4 May 2007.
  50. ^ Elliott Belgrave served as Acting Governor-General of Barbados from 1 November 2011 – 30 May 2012.
  51. ^ Daniel Kablan Duncan was Prime Minister of Ivory Coast from 11 December 1993 – 24 December 1999.
  52. ^ Milo Đukanović was Prime Minister of Montenegro from 15 February 1991 - 5 February 1998, President of Montenegro from 15 January 1998 – 25 November 2002, and Prime Minister again from 8 January 2003 – 10 November 2006 and 29 February 2008 – 29 December 2010. Montenegro gained independence from Serbia and Montenegro on 3 June 2006.
  53. ^ Hage Geingob was Prime Minister of Namibia from 21 March 1990 – 28 August 2002.
  54. ^ Borut Pahor was Prime Minister of Slovenia from 21 November 2008 – 10 February 2012.
  55. ^ Shinzō Abe was Prime Minister of Japan from 26 September 2006 – 26 September 2007.
  56. ^ Tommy Remengesau was President of Palau from 1 January 2001 – 15 January 2009.
  57. ^ Keith Mitchell was Prime Minister of Grenada from 22 June 1995 – 9 July 2008.
  58. ^ Miloš Zeman was Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from 22 July 1998 – 15 July 2002.
  59. ^ Pak Pong-ju was Premier of North Korea from 3 September 2003 – 11 April 2007.
  60. ^ Nawaz Sharif was Prime Minister of Pakistan from 6 November 1990 – 18 April 1993, 26 May 1993 – 18 July 1993, and 17 February 1997 – 12 October 1999.
  61. ^ Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta was Prime Minister of Mali from 4 February 1994 – 15 February 2000.
  62. ^ Michelle Bachelet was President of Chile from 11 March 2006 – 11 March 2010.
  63. ^ Karim Massimov was Prime Minister of Kazakhstan from 10 January 2007 – 24 September 2012.
  64. ^ Abdelmalek Sellal was Prime Minister of Algeria from 3 September 2012 – 13 March 2014.
  65. ^ Raul Khajimba was Prime Minister of Abkhazia from 22 April 2003 – 6 October 2004.
  66. ^ Boyko Borissov was Prime Minister of Bulgaria from 27 July 2009 – 13 March 2013.
  67. ^ Dragan Čović was a Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 5 October 2002 – 9 May 2005, and served as the Chairman of the Presidency from 2 April 2003 – 10 April 2003 and from 27 June 2003 – 28 February 2004.
  68. ^ Patrice Trovoada was Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe from 14 February 2008 – 22 June 2008 and from 14 August 2010 – 12 December 2012.
  69. ^ Manasseh Sogavare was Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands from 30 June 2000 – 17 December 2001 and from 4 May 2006 – 20 December 2007.
  70. ^ Sir Anerood Jugnauth was Prime Minister of Mauritius from 16 June 1982 – 22 December 1995 and 17 September 2000 – 30 September 2003, and President of Mauritius from 7 October 2003 – 31 March 2012.
  71. ^ Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke was Prime Minister of Somalia from 14 February 2009 – 21 September 2010.
  72. ^ Beji Caid Essebsi was Head of Government of Tunisia from 27 February 2011 – 24 December 2011.
  73. ^ Modibo Keita was Prime Minister of Mali from 18 March 2002 – 9 June 2002.
  74. ^ Ranil Wickremesinghe was Prime Minister of Sri Lanka from 7 May 1993 – 19 August 1994 and from 9 December 2001 – 6 April 2004.
  75. ^ Tabaré Vázquez was President of Uruguay from 1 March 2005 – 1 March 2010.
  76. ^ Pakalitha Mosisili was Prime Minister of Lesotho from 29 May 1998 – 8 June 2012.
  77. ^ Antoni Martí was Head of Government of Andorra from 12 May 2011 - 23 March 2015.
  78. ^ Muhammadu Buhari was Head of State of Nigeria from 31 December 1983 – 27 August 1985. Yemi Osinbajo acted as President of Nigeria in Abuja from 6 June 2016 – 20 June 2016 while Buhari recovered from an illness in a London hospital.
  79. ^ Lars Løkke Rasmussen was Prime Minister of Denmark from 5 April 2009 – 3 October 2011.
  80. ^ Alexis Tsipras was Prime Minister of Greece from 26 January 2015 – 27 August 2015.
  81. ^ Roch Marc Kaboré was Prime Minister of Burkina Faso from 22 March 1994 – 6 February 1996.
  82. ^ Bounnhang Vorachith was Prime Minister of Laos from 27 March 2001 – 8 June 2006.
  83. ^ Andrew Holness was Prime Minister of Jamaica from 23 October 2011 – 5 January 2012.
  84. ^ The office of Head of State of Libya is disputed between the internationally-recognized incumbent, Fayez al-Sarraj, and Aguila Saleh Issa, the Chairman of the House of Representatives, since 30 March 2016. The office of Prime Minister of Libya is disputed between the internationally-recognized incumbent, Fayez al-Sarraj, and Abdullah al-Thani, the prime minister approved by the House of Representatives, since 30 March 2016.
  85. ^ Faustin Touadéra was Prime Minister of the Central African Republic from 22 January 2008 – 17 January 2013.
  86. ^ The office of Head of Government of Yemen has been in dispute between a prime minister based in Aden, and the President of the Supreme Revolutionary Committee, Mohammed Ali al-Houthi, since 6 February 2015.
  87. ^ Hashim Thaçi was provisional Prime Minister of the mostly unrecognized Republic of Kosova from 2 April 1999 – 1 February 2000, Prime Minister of UN-administered Kosovo from 9 January 2008 – 17 February 2008, and Prime Minister of the Republic of Kosovo from 17 February 2008 – 9 December 2014. Kosovo did not gain independence until 17 February 2008, being part of Serbia.
  88. ^ Volodymyr Groysman served as Acting Prime Minister of Ukraine from 24 July 2014 – 31 July 2014 (for Arseniy Yatsenyuk during his temporary resignation).
  89. ^ Hüseyin Özgürgün served as Acting Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus from 21 April 2010 – 17 May 2010.
  90. ^ Azali Assoumani was Chief of Staff of the National Development Army (de facto leader of the Comoros) from 30 April 1999 – 6 May 1999, Head of State of the Comoros from 6 May 1999 – 21 January 2002, then the elected President from 6 May 2002 – 26 May 2006.
  91. ^ Baciro Djá was Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau from 20 August 2015 – 17 September 2015.
  92. ^ The Acting Federal Presidential College of Austria is a collective and temporary three-member Head of State, made up of the three Presidents of the National Council.
  93. ^ Pedro Pablo Kuczynski was President of the Council of Ministers of Peru from 16 August 2005 – 27 July 2006.

External links

  • Rulers.org List of rulers throughout time and places