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List of current state leaders by date of assumption of office

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Elizabeth II is the world's longest-serving current state leader, having reigned as Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand since 1952.

This is a list of current state leaders ordered by their continuous tenure in a position of national leadership. In countries with different heads of state and heads of government, both offices are listed. For leaders who held the same office prior to their state's independence, the start of their tenure is used, not independence. For a list of heads of state taking dates of independence into account, see List of heads of state by diplomatic precedence.

Acting presidents are included in this list, but if a leader has non-consecutive terms, only the current period of service is listed.

States where head of state differs from head of government are mainly parliamentary systems. Often a leader holds both positions in presidential systems or dictatorships. Some states have semi-presidential systems where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state.

List of state leaders by date of assuming office

Prior to 1970

Assumed office Leader State Office
6 February 1952 Elizabeth II[1][2]  United Kingdom Queen
 Canada Queen
 Australia Queen
 New Zealand Queen
 Jamaica Queen: 6 August 1962 – present[3]
 Barbados Queen: 30 November 1966 – present[3]
 The Bahamas Queen: 10 July 1973 – present[3]
 Grenada Queen: 7 February 1974 – present[3]
 Papua New Guinea Queen: 16 September 1975 – present[4]
 Solomon Islands Queen: 7 July 1978 – present[3]
 Tuvalu Queen: 1 October 1978 – present[3]
 Saint Lucia Queen: 22 February 1979 – present[3]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Queen: 27 October 1979 – present[3]
 Belize Queen: 21 September 1981 – present[3]
 Antigua and Barbuda Queen: 1 November 1981 – present[3]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Queen: 19 September 1983 – present[3]
5 October 1967[5] Hassanal Bolkiah  Brunei Sultan: 5 October 1967 – present
Prime Minister: 1 January 1984 – present

1970s

Assumed office Leader State Office
14 January 1972 Margrethe II  Denmark Queen
15 September 1973 Carl XVI Gustaf  Sweden King
30 June 1975 Paul Biya  Cameroon Prime Minister: 30 June 1975 – 6 November 1982
President: 6 November 1982 – present
3 August 1979 Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo[6]  Equatorial Guinea Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council: 3 August 1979 – 25 August 1979
Chairman of the Supreme Military Council: 25 August 1979 – 12 October 1982

President: 12 October 1982 – present

1980s

Assumed office Leader State Office
13 October 1981 Ali Khamenei  Iran President: 13 October 1981 – 2 August 1989
Supreme Leader: 4 June 1989 – present
22 March 1984[7] Nursultan Nazarbayev  Kazakhstan[8] Chairman of the Kazakh SSR Council of Ministers: 22 March 1984 – 27 July 1989
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Kazakh SSR Communist Party: 22 June 1989 – 14 December 1991
Chairman of the Kazakh SSR Supreme Soviet: 22 February 1990 – 24 April 1990
President: 24 April 1990 – 20 March 2019
Chairman of the Security Council: 21 August 1991 – present
26 August 1984 Hans-Adam II  Liechtenstein Prince-regent: 26 August 1984 – 13 November 1989
Prince Regnant: 13 November 1989 – present[9]
26 December 1984 Hun Sen  Cambodia[10] Acting Prime Minister: 26 December 1984 – 14 January 1985
Prime Minister: 14 January 1985 – 2 July 1993
Co-Equal Prime Minister: 2 July 1993 – 21 September 1993
Second Prime Minister: 21 September 1993 – 30 November 1998
Prime Minister: 30 November 1998 – present
29 January 1986 Yoweri Museveni  Uganda President[11]
25 April 1986 Mswati III  Eswatini[12] King

1990s

Assumed office Leader State Office
1 June 1990 Harald V  Norway Prince-regent: 1 June 1990 – 17 January 1991
King: 17 January 1991 – present[13]
2 December 1990 Idriss Déby  Chad President of the Patriotic Salvation Movement: 2 December 1990 – 4 December 1990
President of the Council of State: 4 December 1990 – 4 March 1991

President: 4 March 1991 – present
27 April 1991[14] Isaias Afwerki  Eritrea Secretary-General of the Provisional Government: 27 April 1991 – 23 May 1993
President: 23 May 1993 – present
19 November 1992 Emomali Rahmon  Tajikistan Acting Chairman of the Supreme Council: 19 November 1992 – 27 November 1992
Chairman of the Supreme Council: 27 November 1992  – 16 November 1994
President: 16 November 1994 – present
17 November 1993 Sir Colville Young  Belize Governor-General[2]
19 July 1994 Paul Kagame  Rwanda Vice-President and de facto leader: 19 July 1994 – 22 April 2000[15]
Acting President: 24 March 2000 – 22 April 2000
President: 22 April 2000 – present
20 July 1994 Alexander Lukashenko  Belarus President
7 February 1996 Letsie III  Lesotho King[16]
25 October 1997 Denis Sassou Nguesso  Republic of the Congo President[17]
3 March 1998 Henri  Luxembourg Prince-regent: 3 March 1998 – 7 October 2000
Grand Duke: 7 October 2000 – present
23 November 1998 Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi  Samoa Prime Minister
7 February 1999 Abdullah II  Jordan King
6 March 1999 Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa  Bahrain[18] Emir: 6 March 1999 – 14 February 2002
King: 14 February 2002 – present
8 May 1999 Ismaïl Omar Guelleh[19]  Djibouti President
23 July 1999 Mohammed VI  Morocco King
9 August 1999 Vladimir Putin  Russia Acting Prime Minister: 9 August 1999 – 16 August 1999
Prime Minister: 16 August 1999 – 7 May 2000
Acting President: 31 December 1999 – 7 May 2000
President: 7 May 2000 – 7 May 2008
Prime Minister: 8 May 2008 – 7 May 2012
President: 7 May 2012 – present

2000s

Assumed office Leader State Office
17 July 2000 Bashar al-Assad[20]  Syria President
29 March 2001 Ralph Gonsalves  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Prime Minister
14 March 2003 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan  Turkey Prime Minister: 14 March 2003 – 28 August 2014
President: 28 August 2014 – present
12 May 2003 Archbishop Joan Enric Vives i Sicília  Andorra Episcopal Co-Prince[21]
4 August 2003 Ilham Aliyev[22]  Azerbaijan Prime Minister: 4 August 2003 – 4 November 2003[23]
President: 31 October 2003 – present
12 December 2003 Shavkat Mirziyoyev  Uzbekistan Prime Minister: 12 December 2003 – 14 December 2016
Acting President: 8 September 2016 – 14 December 2016
President: 14 December 2016 – present
8 January 2004 Roosevelt Skerrit  Dominica Prime Minister
12 August 2004 Lee Hsien Loong[24]  Singapore Prime Minister
15 August 2004 Hereditary Prince Alois  Liechtenstein Regent[9]
14 October 2004 Norodom Sihamoni  Cambodia King
3 November 2004 Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan[25]  United Arab Emirates President[26]
15 January 2005 Mahmoud Abbas  Palestine President[27]
31 March 2005 Albert II  Monaco Prince-regent: 31 March 2005 – 6 April 2005
Sovereign Prince: 6 April 2005 – present
4 May 2005 Faure Gnassingbé[28]  Togo President[29]
11 August 2005[30] Salva Kiir Mayardit  South Sudan[31] President of the Government: 30 July 2005 – 9 July 2011
President: 9 July 2011 – present
22 November 2005 Angela Merkel  Germany Federal Chancellor
11 February 2006 Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum[32]  United Arab Emirates Prime Minister
31 July 2006 Raúl Castro[33]  Cuba Acting President of the Council of State and Acting President of the Council of Ministers: 31 July 2006 – 24 February 2008[34][35]
Acting First Secretary of the Communist Party: 31 July 2006 – 19 April 2011
President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers: 24 February 2008 – 19 April 2018
First Secretary of the Communist Party: 19 April 2011 – present
5 December 2006 Frank Bainimarama  Fiji Acting President: 5 December 2006 – 4 January 2007[36]
Acting Prime Minister: 5 January 2007 – 22 September 2014
Prime Minister: 22 September 2014 – present
14 December 2006 Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck  Bhutan King
21 December 2006 Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow  Turkmenistan Acting President: 21 December 2006 – 14 February 2007
President: 14 February 2007 – present
10 January 2007 Daniel Ortega  Nicaragua President[37]
1 January 2009 Ueli Maurer   Switzerland Federal Councilor: 1 January 2009 – present
President: 1 January 2013 – 31 December 2013
President: 1 January 2019 – 31 December 2019[38]
6 January 2009 Sheikh Hasina[39]  Bangladesh Prime Minister[40]
26 February 2009 Sir Patrick Allen  Jamaica Governor-General[2]
26 March 2009 Valentin Inzko  Bosnia and Herzegovina High Representative
31 March 2009 Benjamin Netanyahu  Israel Prime Minister[41]
16 October 2009 Ali Bongo Ondimba[42]  Gabon President

2010–2014

Assumed office Leader State Office
29 May 2010 Viktor Orbán  Hungary Prime Minister[43]
14 October 2010 Mark Rutte  Netherlands Prime Minister
1 November 2010 Simonetta Sommaruga   Switzerland Federal Councilor: 1 November 2010 – present
President: 1 January 2015 – 31 December 2015
President: 1 January 2020 – present[38]
4 December 2010 Alassane Ouattara  Ivory Coast President[44]
21 December 2010 Alpha Condé  Guinea President
19 January 2011 Nguyễn Phú Trọng  Vietnam General Secretary of the Communist Party: 19 January 2011 – present
President: 23 October 2018 – present
7 April 2011 Mahamadou Issoufou  Niger President[45]
Brigi Rafini Prime Minister
9 September 2011 Jorge Carlos Fonseca  Cape Verde President
1 October 2011 Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello   Vatican City President of the Governorate
11 November 2011 Michael D. Higgins  Ireland President
23 November 2011 Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi  Yemen Acting President: 23 November 2011 – 25 February 2012[46]
President: 25 February 2012 – present[47]
17 December 2011 Kim Jong-un[48]  North Korea Supreme Leader[49][50]
1 January 2012 Alain Berset   Switzerland Federal Councilor: 1 January 2012 – present
President: 1 January 2018 – 31 December 2018[38]
1 March 2012 Sauli Niinistö  Finland President
18 March 2012 Tupou VI  Tonga King[51]
2 April 2012 Macky Sall  Senegal President[52]
10 May 2012 János Áder  Hungary President
20 July 2012 Josep Maria Mauri  Andorra Personal Representative of the Episcopal Co-Prince[21]
15 November 2012 Xi Jinping  China General Secretary of the Communist Party: 15 November 2012 – present
President: 14 March 2013 – present
4 December 2012 Hage Geingob  Namibia Prime Minister: 4 December 2012 – 21 March 2015[53]
President: 21 March 2015 – present
22 December 2012 Borut Pahor  Slovenia President[54]
17 January 2013 Tommy Remengesau[55]  Palau President[56]
20 February 2013 Keith Mitchell  Grenada Prime Minister[57]
28 February 2013 Nicos Anastasiades  Cyprus President
5 March 2013 Nicolás Maduro  Venezuela Acting President: 5 March 2013 – 19 April 2013
President: 19 April 2013 – present
8 March 2013 Miloš Zeman  Czech Republic President[58]
13 March 2013 Pope Francis   Vatican City Sovereign
14 March 2013 Abdul Hamid  Bangladesh Acting President: 14 March 2013 – 24 April 2013
President: 24 April 2013 – present
15 March 2013 Li Keqiang  China Premier of the State Council
27 March 2013 Adrian Hasler  Liechtenstein Head of Government
1 April 2013 Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed  Djibouti Prime Minister
9 April 2013 Uhuru Kenyatta[59]  Kenya President
30 April 2013 Willem-Alexander  Netherlands King
7 May 2013 Dame Cécile La Grenade  Grenada Governor-General[2]
25 June 2013 Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani  Qatar Emir
21 July 2013 Philippe  Belgium King
3 August 2013 Hassan Rouhani  Iran President
15 September 2013 Edi Rama  Albania Prime Minister
2 October 2013 Charles Savarin  Dominica President
16 October 2013 Erna Solberg  Norway Prime Minister
23 November 2013 Kokhir Rasulzoda  Tajikistan Prime Minister
4 December 2013 Xavier Bettel  Luxembourg Prime Minister
25 January 2014 Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan[60]  United Arab Emirates De facto President[26]
27 January 2014 Juan Orlando Hernández  Honduras President
27 April 2014 Aleksandar Vučić  Serbia Prime Minister: 27 April 2014 – 30 May 2017
President: 31 May 2017 – present
22 May 2014 Prayut Chan-o-cha  Thailand Leader of the National Council for Peace and Order: 22 May 2014 – 25 August 2014
Prime Minister: 25 August 2014 – present
26 May 2014 Narendra Modi  India Prime Minister
8 June 2014 Abdel Fattah el-Sisi  Egypt President
13 June 2014 Gaston Browne  Antigua and Barbuda Prime Minister
19 June 2014 Felipe VI  Spain King
24 July 2014 Reuven Rivlin  Israel President
14 August 2014 Sir Rodney Williams  Antigua and Barbuda Governor-General[2]
18 September 2014 Ruhakana Rugunda  Uganda Prime Minister
29 September 2014 Ashraf Ghani  Afghanistan President
3 October 2014 Stefan Löfven  Sweden Prime Minister
20 October 2014 Joko Widodo  Indonesia President
21 December 2014 Klaus Iohannis  Romania President

2015–2016

Assumed office Leader State Office
15 January 2015 Filipe Nyusi  Mozambique President
19 January 2015 Carlos Agostinho do Rosário Prime Minister
23 January 2015 Salman  Saudi Arabia King and Prime Minister
25 January 2015 Edgar Lungu  Zambia President
3 February 2015 Sergio Mattarella  Italy President
18 February 2015 Timothy Harris  Saint Kitts and Nevis Prime Minister
21 March 2015 Saara Kuugongelwa  Namibia Prime Minister
20 May 2015 Sir Tapley Seaton  Saint Kitts and Nevis Acting Governor-General: 20 May 2015 – 2 September 2015
Governor-General: 2 September 2015 – present[2]
29 May 2015 Muhammadu Buhari  Nigeria President[61][62]
6 August 2015 Andrzej Duda  Poland President
9 September 2015 Keith Rowley  Trinidad and Tobago Prime Minister
29 October 2015 Bidhya Devi Bhandari    Nepal President
4 November 2015 Justin Trudeau[63]  Canada Prime Minister
5 November 2015 John Magufuli  Tanzania President
12 November 2015 Jioji Konrote  Fiji President
20 November 2015 Kassim Majaliwa  Tanzania Prime Minister
26 November 2015 António Costa  Portugal Prime Minister
26 December 2015 Sergey Kozlov  Luhansk People's Republic Prime Minister
29 December 2015 Roch Marc Christian Kaboré  Burkina Faso President[64]
1 January 2016 Guy Parmelin   Switzerland Federal Councilor[38]
22 January 2016 Bounnhang Vorachith  Laos General Secretary of the People's Revolutionary Party: 22 January 2016 – present
President: 20 April 2016 – present[65]
3 March 2016 Andrew Holness  Jamaica Prime Minister[66]
9 March 2016 Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa  Portugal President
11 March 2016 Taneti Maamau  Kiribati President
30 March 2016 Faustin-Archange Touadéra  Central African Republic President[67]
Fayez al-Sarraj  Libya Chairman of the Presidential Council and Prime Minister[68]
6 April 2016 Patrice Talon  Benin President
Aung San Suu Kyi[69]  Myanmar State Counsellor
7 April 2016 Nguyễn Xuân Phúc  Vietnam Prime Minister
20 April 2016 Thongloun Sisoulith  Laos Prime Minister
22 April 2016 Ulisses Correia e Silva  Cape Verde Prime Minister
23 April 2016 Clément Mouamba  Republic of the Congo Prime Minister
20 May 2016 Tsai Ing-wen  Republic of China (Taiwan) President
26 May 2016 Azali Assoumani  Comoros President[70]
7 June 2016 Allen Chastanet  Saint Lucia Prime Minister
23 June 2016 Francisco Pascual Obama Asue  Equatorial Guinea Prime Minister
30 June 2016 Rodrigo Duterte  Philippines President
12 July 2016 Brahim Ghali  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic General Secretary of the Polisario Front and President
1 August 2016 Guðni Th. Jóhannesson  Iceland President
3 September 2016 Evaristo Carvalho  São Tomé and Príncipe President[71]
28 September 2016 Dame Patsy Reddy  New Zealand Governor-General[2]
10 October 2016 Kersti Kaljulaid  Estonia President
13 October 2016 Maha Vajiralongkorn  Thailand King[72]
19 October 2016 Andrej Plenković  Croatia Prime Minister
31 October 2016 Michel Aoun  Lebanon President[73]
23 November 2016 Jüri Ratas  Estonia Prime Minister
28 November 2016 Duško Marković  Montenegro Prime Minister
14 December 2016 Abdulla Aripov  Uzbekistan Prime Minister
16 December 2016 Vadim Krasnoselsky  Transnistria President
17 December 2016 Aleksandr Martynov Prime Minister
23 December 2016 Igor Dodon  Moldova President

2017

Assumed office Leader State Office
7 January Nana Akufo-Addo[74]  Ghana President
19 January Adama Barrow  The Gambia President
20 January Donald Trump  United States President
22 January Rumen Radev  Bulgaria President
23 January Pravind Jugnauth[75]  Mauritius Prime Minister
26 January Alexander Van der Bellen  Austria President
7 February Jovenel Moïse  Haiti President
16 February Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed  Somalia President[76]
28 February Sir Bob Dadae  Papua New Guinea Governor-General[2]
19 March Frank-Walter Steinmeier  Germany President
5 April Saadeddine Othmani  Morocco Head of Government
21 April Anatoly Bibilov  South Ossetia President
4 May Boyko Borisov  Bulgaria Prime Minister[77]
10 May Moon Jae-in  South Korea President
11 May Hubert Minnis  The Bahamas Prime Minister
14 May Emmanuel Macron  France President
 Andorra French Co-Prince[21]
15 May Patrick Strzoda Personal Representative of the French Co-Prince[21]
20 May Francisco Guterres  East Timor President
24 May Lenín Moreno  Ecuador President
21 June Mohammed bin Salman[78]  Saudi Arabia First Deputy Prime Minister and de facto Prime Minister
29 June Ana Brnabić  Serbia Prime Minister
6 July Tallis Obed Moses  Vanuatu President
10 July Khaltmaagiin Battulga  Mongolia President
21 July Tuimalealiifano Va'aletoa Sualauvi II  Samoa O le Ao o le Malo[79]
24 July Ilir Meta  Albania President[80]
25 July Ram Nath Kovind  India President
30 August Édouard Ngirente  Rwanda Prime Minister
14 September Halimah Yacob  Singapore President
26 September João Lourenço  Angola President
2 October Julie Payette  Canada Governor General[2]
4 October Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh  Mongolia Prime Minister
26 October Jacinda Ardern  New Zealand Prime Minister
1 November Ignazio Cassis   Switzerland Federal Councilor[38]
24 November Leonid Pasechnik  Luhansk People's Republic Acting Head of the Republic: 24 November 2017 – 21 November 2018
Head of the Republic: 21 November 2018 – present
Emmerson Mnangagwa  Zimbabwe President
30 November Katrín Jakobsdóttir  Iceland Prime Minister
11 December Mateusz Morawiecki  Poland President of the Council of Ministers
13 December Andrej Babiš  Czech Republic Prime Minister
Muse Bihi Abdi  Somaliland President

2018

Assumed office Leader State Office
8 January Dame Sandra Mason  Barbados Governor-General[2][81]
12 January Sir Neville Cenac[82]  Saint Lucia Governor-General[2]
22 January George Weah  Liberia President
14 February Cyril Ramaphosa  South Africa Acting President: 14 February 2018 – 15 February 2018
President: 15 February 2018 – present
15 February KP Sharma Oli    Nepal Prime Minister[83]
11 March Sebastián Piñera  Chile President[84]
19 March Paula-Mae Weekes  Trinidad and Tobago President
30 March Win Myint  Myanmar President
1 April Mokgweetsi Masisi  Botswana President
2 April Abiy Ahmed  Ethiopia Prime Minister
4 April Julius Maada Bio  Sierra Leone President[85]
9 April Armen Sarkissian  Armenia President[86]
19 April Miguel Díaz-Canel  Cuba President: 19 April 2018 – present[34]
President of the Council of Ministers: 19 April 2018 – 21 December 2019[35]
8 May Nikol Pashinyan  Armenia Prime Minister
Carlos Alvarado Quesada  Costa Rica President
David J. Francis  Sierra Leone Chief Minister
20 May Milo Đukanović  Montenegro President[87]
24 May Ibrahima Kassory Fofana  Guinea Prime Minister
25 May Mia Mottley  Barbados Prime Minister
1 June Giuseppe Conte  Italy President of the Council of Ministers
2 June Pedro Sánchez  Spain President of the Government
6 June Christian Ntsay  Madagascar Prime Minister
7 June Moustafa Madbouly  Egypt Acting Prime Minister: 7 June 2018 – 14 June 2018
Prime Minister: 14 June 2018 – present[88]
22 June Taur Matan Ruak  East Timor Prime Minister[89]
7 August Iván Duque  Colombia President
15 August Mario Abdo Benítez  Paraguay President
18 August Imran Khan  Pakistan Prime Minister
24 August Scott Morrison  Australia Prime Minister
7 September Denis Pushilin  Donetsk People's Republic Acting Head of the Republic: 7 September 2018 – 20 November 2018
Acting Prime Minister: 7 September 2018 – 18 October 2018
Head of the Republic: 20 November 2018 – present
[90]
9 September Arif Alvi  Pakistan President
2 October Barham Salih  Iraq President
18 October Alexander Ananchenko  Donetsk People's Republic Acting Prime Minister: 18 October 2018 – 1 December 2018
Prime Minister: 1 December 2018 – present
Maeen Abdulmalik Saeed  Yemen Prime Minister[91]
25 October Sahle-Work Zewde  Ethiopia President
29 October Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini  Eswatini Prime Minister
7 November Lotay Tshering  Bhutan Prime Minister
17 November Ibrahim Mohamed Solih  Maldives President
20 November Milorad Dodik  Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidency Member: 20 November 2018 – present
Chairman of the Presidency: 20 November 2018 – 20 July 2019
Chairman of the Presidency: 20 November 2020 – present[92]
Šefik Džaferović Presidency Member: 20 November 2018 – present
Chairman of the Presidency: 20 March 2020 – 20 November 2020[92]
Željko Komšić Presidency Member: 20 November 2018 – present[93]
Chairman of the Presidency: 20 July 2019 – 20 March 2020[92]
1 December Andrés Manuel López Obrador  Mexico President
3 December Jorge Bom Jesus  São Tomé and Príncipe Prime Minister
16 December Salome Zourabichvili  Georgia President

2019

Assumed office Leader State Office
1 January Jair Bolsonaro  Brazil President
Viola Amherd   Switzerland Federal Councilor[38]
Karin Keller-Sutter
4 January Joseph Ngute  Cameroon Prime Minister
11 January Juan Guaidó  Venezuela (opposition) President of the National Assembly
14 January Su Tseng-chang  Republic of China (Taiwan) President of the Executive Yuan[94]
19 January Andry Rajoelina  Madagascar President[95]
23 January Krišjānis Kariņš  Latvia Prime Minister
24 January Christophe Joseph Marie Dabiré  Burkina Faso Prime Minister
Félix Tshisekedi[96]  Democratic Republic of the Congo President
31 January Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin  Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong
21 February Askar Mamin  Kazakhstan Acting Prime Minister: 21 February 2019 – 25 February 2019
Prime Minister: 25 February 2019 – present
27 February Firmin Ngrébada  Central African Republic Prime Minister
20 March Kassym-Jomart Tokayev  Kazakhstan President[97]
4 April George Vella  Malta President
11 April Choe Ryong-hae  North Korea President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly[49]
12 April Abdel Fattah al-Burhan  Sudan Chairman of the Transitional Military Council: 12 April 2019 – 21 August 2019
Leader of the Sovereignty Council: 21 August 2019 – present
13 April Mohammad Shtayyeh  Palestine Prime Minister
24 April Manasseh Sogavare  Solomon Islands Prime Minister[98]
1 May Naruhito  Japan Emperor
11 May David W. Panuelo  Federated States of Micronesia President
12 May Stevo Pendarovski  North Macedonia President
16 May Xavier Espot Zamora  Andorra Head of Government
20 May Volodymyr Zelensky  Ukraine President
22 May Ersin Tatar  Northern Cyprus Prime Minister: 22 May 2019 – 23 October 2020
President: 23 October 2020 – present
30 May James Marape  Papua New Guinea Prime Minister
1 June Nayib Bukele  El Salvador President
15 June Zuzana Čaputová  Slovakia President
27 June Mette Frederiksen  Denmark Prime Minister
28 June Sir Cornelius A. Smith  The Bahamas Governor-General[2]
30 June Anas al-Abdah  Syrian Arab Republic (opposition) President of the National Coalition[99]
Abdurrahman Mustafa Prime Minister
1 July David Hurley  Australia Governor-General[2]
Nito Cortizo  Panama President
7 July Sir David Vunagi  Solomon Islands Governor-General[2]
8 July Kyriakos Mitsotakis[100]  Greece Prime Minister
Egils Levits  Latvia President
12 July Gitanas Nausėda  Lithuania President
24 July Boris Johnson  United Kingdom Prime Minister
1 August Mohamed Ould Ghazouani  Mauritania President
Dame Susan Dougan  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Governor-General[2]
21 August Abdalla Hamdok  Sudan Prime Minister
22 August Teniku Talesi  Tuvalu Acting Governor-General[2]
27 August Lionel Aingimea  Nauru President
7 September Sylvestre Ilunga  Democratic Republic of the Congo Prime Minister
8 September Giorgi Gakharia  Georgia Prime Minister
19 September Kausea Natano  Tuvalu Prime Minister
8 October Ali Asadov  Azerbaijan Prime Minister
Pōhiva Tuʻiʻonetoa  Tonga Prime Minister
23 October Kais Saied  Tunisia President
4 November Ludovic Orban  Romania Prime Minister
14 November Ion Chicu  Moldova Prime Minister
18 November Gotabaya Rajapaksa[101]  Sri Lanka President
19 November Sheikh Sabah Al-Khalid Al-Sabah[102]  Kuwait Prime Minister
21 November Mahinda Rajapaksa[103]  Sri Lanka Prime Minister[104]
2 December Prithvirajsing Roopun  Mauritius President
10 December Alberto Fernández  Argentina President
Sanna Marin  Finland Prime Minister
19 December Abdelmadjid Tebboune  Algeria President[105]
21 December Manuel Marrero Cruz  Cuba Prime Minister[35]
23 December Zoran Tegeltija  Bosnia and Herzegovina Chairman of the Council of Ministers
28 December Abdelaziz Djerad  Algeria Prime Minister

2020

Assumed office Leader State Office
7 January Sebastian Kurz  Austria Federal Chancellor[106]
11 January Haitham bin Tariq[107]  Oman Sultan and Prime Minister
13 January Robert Abela[108]  Malta Prime Minister
David Kabua[109]  Marshall Islands President
Bouchraya Hammoudi Bayoun  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Prime Minister[110]
14 January Alejandro Giammattei  Guatemala President
Chung Sye-kyun  South Korea Prime Minister
16 January Mikhail Mishustin  Russia Prime Minister[111]
21 January Hassan Diab  Lebanon President of the Council of Ministers
28 January Sheikh Khalid bin Khalifa bin Abdul Aziz Al Thani  Qatar Prime Minister
18 February Zoran Milanović  Croatia President[112]
27 February Umaro Sissoco Embaló  Guinea-Bissau President[113]
28 February Nuno Gomes Nabiam Prime Minister
1 March Muhyiddin Yassin  Malaysia Prime Minister
Luis Lacalle Pou[114]  Uruguay President
4 March Joseph Jouthe  Haiti Prime Minister
Denys Shmyhal  Ukraine Prime Minister
13 March Katerina Sakellaropoulou  Greece President
Janez Janša  Slovenia Prime Minister[115]
21 March Igor Matovič  Slovakia Prime Minister
20 April Bob Loughman  Vanuatu Prime Minister
23 April Aslan Bzhania  Abkhazia President
24 April Alexander Ankvab Prime Minister[116]
7 May Mustafa Al-Kadhimi  Iraq Prime Minister
20 May Moeketsi Majoro  Lesotho Prime Minister
21 May Arayik Harutyunyan  Artsakh President[117]
3 June Avdullah Hoti  Kosovo Prime Minister
4 June Roman Golovchenko  Belarus Prime Minister
11 June Hussein Arnous  Syria Acting Prime Minister: 11 June 2020 – 30 August 2020
Prime Minister: 30 August 2020 – present
18 June Évariste Ndayishimiye  Burundi President
24 June Alain-Guillaume Bunyoni Prime Minister
27 June Micheál Martin  Ireland Taoiseach
28 June Lazarus Chakwera  Malawi President
3 July Jean Castex  France Prime Minister
8 July Hamed Bakayoko  Ivory Coast Interim Prime Minister: 8 July 2020 – 30 July 2020
Prime Minister: 30 July 2020 – present[118]
16 July Rose Christiane Raponda  Gabon Prime Minister
Chan Santokhi  Suriname President
2 August Irfaan Ali  Guyana President
Mark Phillips Prime Minister
6 August Mohamed Ould Bilal  Mauritania Prime Minister
13 August Kim Tok-hun  North Korea Premier of the Cabinet
14 August Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya  Belarus (opposition) President
16 August Luis Abinader  Dominican Republic President
29 August Gennady Bekoyev  South Ossetia Acting Prime Minister
30 August Zoran Zaev  North Macedonia President of the Government[119]
1 September Pierre Dartout  Monaco Minister of State
2 September Hichem Mechichi  Tunisia Prime Minister
16 September Yoshihide Suga  Japan Prime Minister
23 September Mohamed Hussein Roble  Somalia Prime Minister
25 September Bah Ndaw  Mali Interim President
27 September Moctar Ouane Interim Prime Minister
28 September Victoire Tomegah Dogbé  Togo Prime Minister
29 September Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah  Kuwait Emir
1 October Alexander De Croo  Belgium Prime Minister
Alessandro Cardelli  San Marino Captain Regent
Mirko Dolcini
12 October Bisher Al-Khasawneh  Jordan Prime Minister
23 October Kudret Özersay  Northern Cyprus Acting Prime Minister
26 October Wavel Ramkalawan  Seychelles President
5 November Vjosa Osmani  Kosovo Acting President
8 November Luis Arce  Bolivia President
11 November Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa[120]  Bahrain Prime Minister
12 November Johnny Briceño  Belize Prime Minister
14 November Talant Mamytov  Kyrgyzstan Acting President
Artem Novikov Acting Prime Minister
17 November Francisco Sagasti  Peru Interim President
18 November Violeta Bermúdez President of the Council of Ministers
25 November Ingrida Šimonytė  Lithuania Prime Minister

List of upcoming leaders

Taking office Leader State Future office
December 2020 Saad Hariri[121]  Lebanon President of the Council of Ministers[122]
Tufan Erhürman  Northern Cyprus Prime Minister[123]
4 December 2020 Zdravko Krivokapić  Montenegro Prime Minister
24 December 2020 Maia Sandu  Moldova President[124]
17 January 2021 Surangel Whipps Jr.  Palau President
20 January 2021 Joe Biden  United States President
17 November 2021 Benny Gantz  Israel Prime Minister
27 December 2022 Leo Varadkar  Ireland Taoiseach[125]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Elizabeth II was Queen of Ceylon from 6 February 1952 – 22 May 1972, Queen of Pakistan from 6 February 1952 – 23 March 1956, Queen of South Africa from 6 February 1952 – 31 May 1961, Queen of Ghana from 6 March 1957 – 28 April 1960, Queen of Nigeria from 1 October 1960 – 1 October 1963, Queen of Sierra Leone from 27 April 1961 – 19 April 1971, Queen of Tanganyika from 9 December 1961 – 9 June 1962, Queen of Trinidad and Tobago from 31 August 1962 – 1 August 1976, Queen of Uganda from 9 October 1962 – 9 October 1963, Queen of Kenya from 12 December 1963 – 12 December 1964, Queen of Malawi from 6 July 1964 – 6 July 1966, Queen of Malta from 21 September 1964 – 13 December 1974, Queen of Gambia from 18 February 1965 – 24 April 1970, Queen of Guyana from 26 May 1966 – 23 February 1970, Queen of Mauritius from 12 March 1968 – 12 March 1992 and Queen of Fiji from 10 October 1970 – 15 October 1987.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p The Governors-General of each Commonwealth realm outside of the United Kingdom represent Elizabeth II.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k This is the date of this territory's independence from the United Kingdom. Prior to this date, Elizabeth II was the head of state in her role as Queen of the United Kingdom.
  4. ^ Prior to this date, Papua New Guinea was an Australian-administered United Nations Trust Territory. Elizabeth II was the head of state in her role as Queen of Australia.
  5. ^ Brunei was a British protected state until 1 January 1984.
  6. ^ President Obiang is the nephew of the previous president, Francisco Macías Nguema.
  7. ^ The country declared independence from the Soviet Union on 16 December 1991.
  8. ^ The country was called the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic until 10 December 1991.
  9. ^ a b Hereditary Prince Alois has been the Prince-Regent for his father, Prince Hans-Adam II since 15 August 2004.
  10. ^ The country was called the People's Republic of Kampuchea until 1 May 1989, and the State of Cambodia until 24 September 1993.
  11. ^ Yoweri Museveni was the de facto head of state of Uganda as Commander of the National Resistance Army from 26 January 1986 – 29 January 1986.
  12. ^ The country was called the Kingdom of Swaziland until 19 April 2018.
  13. ^ Haakon was Prince-Regent of Norway from 25 November 2003 – 13 April 2004 and 29 March 2005 – 7 June 2005.
  14. ^ The country gained independence from Ethiopia on 23 May 1993.
  15. ^ Paul Kagame was simultaneously Vice-President, Minister of Defence, commander-in-chief of the Rwandan Patriotic Army and (from 15 February 1998) President of the dominant Rwandan Patriotic Front party.
  16. ^ Letsie III was previously King of Lesotho from 12 November 1990 – 25 January 1995.
  17. ^ Denis Sassou Nguesso was previously President of the People's Republic of the Congo / Republic of the Congo from 8 February 1979 – 31 August 1992. Sassou Nguesso was the de facto head of state of the Republic of the Congo as a militia leader from 15 October 1997 – 25 October 1997.
  18. ^ The country was called the State of Bahrain before 14 February 2002.
  19. ^ President Guelleh is the nephew of the previous president, Hassan Gouled Aptidon.
  20. ^ President Assad is the son of the previous president, Hafez al-Assad.
  21. ^ a b c d The Representatives of Andorra each represent their respective Co-Prince. Josep Maria Mauri represents Joan Enric Vives i Sicília and Patrick Strzoda represents Emmanuel Macron.
  22. ^ President Aliyev is the son of the previous president, Heydar Aliyev.
  23. ^ Artur Rasizade was Acting Prime Minister of Azerbaijan from 6 August 2003 – 4 November 2003.
  24. ^ Lee Hsien Loong is the son of former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew.
  25. ^ Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan is the son of the previous president, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan.
  26. ^ a b Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan has been regent for his brother, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan since 25 January 2014.
  27. ^ Mahmoud Abbas was Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority from 19 March 2003 – 6 September 2003.
  28. ^ President Gnassingbé is the son of the previous president, Gnassingbé Eyadéma.
  29. ^ Faure Gnassingbé was previously President of Togo from 5 February 2005 – 25 February 2005.
  30. ^ The country gained independence from Sudan on 9 July 2011.
  31. ^ It was the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region until 9 July 2011.
  32. ^ Sheikh Mohammed is the brother of the previous Prime Minister Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum, and son of the Prime Minister before that, Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum.
  33. ^ Raúl Castro is the brother of the previous President of the Council of State and First Secretary of the Communist Party, Fidel Castro.
  34. ^ a b The office of Head of State of Cuba was styled as President of the Council of State from 2 December 1976 – 10 October 2019, then as President of the Republic from 10 October 2019 – present.
  35. ^ a b c The office of Head of Government of Cuba was styled as President of the Council of Ministers from 2 December 1976 – 21 December 2019, then as Prime Minister from 21 December 2019 – present.
  36. ^ Frank Bainimarama was President of the Interim Military Government of Fiji from 29 May 2000 – 13 July 2000.
  37. ^ Daniel Ortega was a member (and from 4 March 1981 the Coordinator) of the Junta of National Reconstruction of Nicaragua from 18 July 1979 – 10 January 1985; he was President of Nicaragua from 10 January 1985 – 25 April 1990.
  38. ^ a b c d e f The Swiss Federal Council is a collective seven-member Head of State. The President of Switzerland serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  39. ^ Sheikh Hasina is the daughter of former President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
  40. ^ Sheikh Hasina was Prime Minister of Bangladesh from 23 June 1996 – 15 July 2001.
  41. ^ Benjamin Netanyahu was Prime Minister of Israel from 18 June 1996 – 6 July 1999.
  42. ^ President Bongo Ondimba is the son of the previous president, Omar Bongo.
  43. ^ Viktor Orbán was Prime Minister of Hungary from 6 July 1998 – 27 May 2002.
  44. ^ Alassane Ouattara was Prime Minister of Ivory Coast from 7 November 1990 – 9 December 1993.
  45. ^ Mahamadou Issoufou was Prime Minister of Niger from 17 April 1993 – 28 September 1994.
  46. ^ Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi served as Acting President of Yemen from 4 June 2011 – 23 September 2011.
  47. ^ The office of Head of State of Yemen has been in dispute between Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi and the Leader of the Supreme Political Council, Mahdi al-Mashat, since 23 April 2018.
  48. ^ Kim Jong-un is the son and grandson of the two previous supreme leaders, Kim Jong-il and Kim Il-sung.
  49. ^ a b The late Kim Il-sung has been designated "Eternal President of North Korea" and the post of President has not been filled since his death on 8 July 1994, making Kim Il-sung in his de jure capacity the only deceased person considered a current head of state in the world.
  50. ^ The term Supreme Leader is used as a description, for the sake of brevity, rather than being an official title of a single office. The actual offices held by Kim Jong-un are: Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea, Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK, and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the DPRK.
  51. ^ Tupou VI (then known as ʻAhoʻeitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga Tukuʻaho) was Prime Minister of Tonga from 3 January 2000 – 11 February 2006.
  52. ^ Macky Sall was Prime Minister of Senegal from 21 April 2004 – 19 June 2007.
  53. ^ Hage Geingob was Prime Minister of Namibia from 21 March 1990 – 28 August 2002.
  54. ^ Borut Pahor was Prime Minister of Slovenia from 21 November 2008 – 10 February 2012.
  55. ^ President Remengesau is the son of a former president, Thomas Remengesau Sr.
  56. ^ Tommy Remengesau was President of Palau from 1 January 2001 – 15 January 2009.
  57. ^ Keith Mitchell was Prime Minister of Grenada from 22 June 1995 – 9 July 2008.
  58. ^ Miloš Zeman was Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from 22 July 1998 – 15 July 2002.
  59. ^ President Kenyatta is the son of a former president, Jomo Kenyatta.
  60. ^ Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan is the brother of the current President, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
  61. ^ Muhammadu Buhari was Head of State of Nigeria (titled Head of the Federal Military Government) from 31 December 1983 – 27 August 1985.
  62. ^ Yemi Osinbajo acted as President of Nigeria in Abuja from 6 June 2016 – 19 June 2016 while Muhammadu Buhari recovered from an illness in a London hospital. Osinbajo again acted as President in Abuja from 19 January 2017 – 13 March 2017 and 7 May 2017 – 19 August 2017 while Buhari received treatment in a London hospital.
  63. ^ Prime Minister Trudeau is the son of former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.
  64. ^ Roch Marc Christian Kaboré was Prime Minister of Burkina Faso from 22 March 1994 – 6 February 1996.
  65. ^ Bounnhang Vorachith was Prime Minister of Laos from 27 March 2001 – 8 June 2006.
  66. ^ Andrew Holness was Prime Minister of Jamaica from 23 October 2011 – 5 January 2012.
  67. ^ Faustin Touadéra was Prime Minister of the Central African Republic from 22 January 2008 – 17 January 2013.
  68. ^ The office of Head of State of Libya has been in dispute between the internationally-recognized incumbent, Fayez al-Sarraj, and Aguila Saleh Issa, the Chairman of the House of Representatives, since 30 March 2016. The office of Prime Minister of Libya has been in dispute between the internationally-recognized incumbent, Fayez al-Sarraj, and Abdullah al-Thani, the prime minister approved by the House of Representatives, since 30 March 2016.
  69. ^ Aung San Suu Kyi is the daughter of former Premier Aung San.
  70. ^ Azali Assoumani was Chief of Staff of the National Development Army (de facto leader of the Comoros) from 30 April 1999 – 6 May 1999, Head of State of the Comoros from 6 May 1999 – 21 January 2002, then the elected President from 6 May 2002 – 26 May 2006.
  71. ^ Evaristo Carvalho was Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe from 7 July 1994 – 25 October 1994 and from 26 September 2001 – 28 March 2002.
  72. ^ Prem Tinsulanonda was Regent of Thailand from 13 October 2016 – 1 December 2016.
  73. ^ Michel Aoun was both the disputed President of Lebanon and the disputed President of the Council of Ministers of Lebanon simultaneously from 22 September 1988 – 13 October 1990.
  74. ^ President Akufo-Addo is the son of a former president, Edward Akufo-Addo.
  75. ^ Prime Minister Jugnauth is the son of a former prime minister and president, Sir Anerood Jugnauth.
  76. ^ Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed was Prime Minister of Somalia from 1 November 2010 – 19 June 2011.
  77. ^ Boyko Borisov was Prime Minister of Bulgaria from 27 July 2009 – 13 March 2013 and from 7 November 2014 – 27 January 2017.
  78. ^ Mohammed bin Salman is the son of the current King, Salman.
  79. ^ Tuimalealiifano Va'aletoa Sualauvi II was Acting O le Ao o le Malo from 11 May 2007 – 20 June 2007.
  80. ^ Ilir Meta was Prime Minister of Albania from 29 October 1999 – 22 February 2002.
  81. ^ Dame Sandra Mason was Acting Governor-General of Barbados from 30 May 2012 – 1 June 2012.
  82. ^ Sir Neville is the brother of former Prime Minister Winston Cenac.
  83. ^ KP Sharma Oli was Prime Minister of Nepal from 12 October 2015 – 4 August 2016.
  84. ^ Sebastián Piñera was President of Chile from 11 March 2010 – 11 March 2014.
  85. ^ Julius Maada Bio was Head of State of Sierra Leone (as leader of the Supreme Council of State) from 16 January 1996 – 29 March 1996.
  86. ^ Armen Sarkissian was Prime Minister of Armenia from 4 November 1996 – 20 March 1997.
  87. ^ Milo Đukanović was Prime Minister of the Republic of Montenegro from 15 February 1991 – 5 February 1998, President of the Republic of Montenegro from 15 January 1998 – 25 November 2002, Prime Minister again from 8 January 2003 – 10 November 2006; and Prime Minister of Montenegro from 29 February 2008 – 29 December 2010 and 4 December 2012 – 29 November 2016. The Republic of Montenegro became independent on 3 June 2006 by seceding from Serbia and Montenegro, and was renamed Montenegro on 22 October 2007.
  88. ^ Moustafa Madbouly was Acting Prime Minister of Egypt from 23 November 2017 – 27 January 2018.
  89. ^ Taur Matan Ruak was President of East Timor from 20 May 2012 – 20 May 2017.
  90. ^ Denis Pushilin was Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Donetsk People's Republic (constitutional head of state) from 15 May 2014 – 18 July 2014.
  91. ^ The office of Prime Minister of Yemen has been in dispute between Maeen Abdulmalik Saeed and Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour, the prime minister of the Supreme Political Council government, since 18 October 2018.
  92. ^ a b c In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Presidency is a Tripartite council, with the Chairman of the Presidency rotating every eight months.
  93. ^ Željko Komšić was a Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 6 November 2006 – 17 November 2014, and served as the Chairman of the Presidency from 6 July 2007 – 6 March 2008, 6 July 2009 – 6 March 2010, 10 July 2011 – 10 March 2012, and from 10 July 2013 – 10 March 2014.
  94. ^ Su Tseng-chang was President of the Executive Yuan from 25 January 2006 – 21 May 2007.
  95. ^ Andry Rajoelina was Head of State of Madagascar (as President of the High Transitional Authority) from 17 March 2009 – 25 January 2014.
  96. ^ Félix Tshisekedi is the son of former Prime Minister Étienne Tshisekedi.
  97. ^ Kassym-Jomart Tokayev was Acting Prime Minister of Kazakhstan from 1 October 1999 – 12 October 1999, then Prime Minister of Kazakhstan from 12 October 1999 – 28 January 2002.
  98. ^ Manasseh Sogavare was Prime Minister of Solomon Islands from 30 June 2000 – 17 December 2001, from 4 May 2006 – 20 December 2007, and from 9 December 2014 – 15 November 2017.
  99. ^ Anas al-Abdah was President of the Syrian National Coalition from 5 March 2016 – 6 May 2017.
  100. ^ Kyriakos Mitsotakis is the son of former Prime Minister Konstantinos Mitsotakis.
  101. ^ Gotabaya Rajapaksa is the brother of a former President, Mahinda Rajapaksa, the current Prime Minister.
  102. ^ Prime Minister Sabah is the grandson of an earlier ruler of Kuwait, Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah.
  103. ^ Mahinda Rajapaksa is the brother of President Gotabaya Rajapaksa.
  104. ^ Mahinda Rajapaksa was Prime Minister of Sri Lanka from 6 April 2004 – 19 November 2005, President of Sri Lanka from 19 November 2005 – 9 January 2015, then the disputed Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (with Ranil Wickremesinghe) from 26 October 2018 – 15 December 2018.
  105. ^ Abdelmadjid Tebboune was Prime Minister of Algeria from 25 May 2017 – 15 August 2017.
  106. ^ Sebastian Kurz was Federal Chancellor of Austria from 18 December 2017 – 28 May 2019.
  107. ^ Haitham bin Tariq is the cousin of the former Sultan Qaboos bin Said.
  108. ^ Robert Abela is the son of former President George Abela.
  109. ^ David Kabua is the son of former President Amata Kabua.
  110. ^ Bouchraya Hammoudi Bayoun was Prime Minister of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic from 19 September 1993 – 8 September 1995 and 10 February 1999 – 29 October 2003.
  111. ^ Andrei Belousov was acting as Prime Minister for Mikhail Mishustin from 30 April 2020 – 19 May 2020.
  112. ^ Zoran Milanović was Prime Minister of Croatia from 23 December 2011 – 22 January 2016.
  113. ^ Umaro Sissoco Embaló was Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau from 18 November 2016 – 30 January 2018.
  114. ^ Luis Lacalle Pou is the son of former President Luis Alberto Lacalle.
  115. ^ Janez Janša was Prime Minister of Slovenia from 3 December 2004 – 21 November 2008 and 10 February 2012 – 20 March 2013.
  116. ^ Alexander Ankvab was Prime Minister of Abkhazia from 14 February 2005 – 13 February 2010 and President of Abkhazia from 29 May 2011 – 1 June 2014. Russia recognized Abkhazia as an independent state on 26 August 2008.
  117. ^ Arayik Harutyunyan was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh from 14 September 2007 – 25 September 2017. The country was called the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh until 10 March 2017.
  118. ^ Hamed Bakayoko was Interim Prime Minister for Amadou Gon Coulibaly from 2 May 2020 – 2 July 2020.
  119. ^ Zoran Zaev was President of the Government of North Macedonia from 31 May 2017 – 3 January 2020. North Macedonia was called the Republic of Macedonia until 12 February 2019.
  120. ^ Prime Minister Salman is the son of the current King, Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa.
  121. ^ Saad Hariri is the son of President of the Council of Ministers Rafik Hariri.
  122. ^ Saad Hariri was President of the Council of Ministers of Lebanon from 9 November 2009 – 13 June 2011 and 18 December 2016 – 21 January 2020.
  123. ^ Tufan Erhürman was Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus from 2 February 2018 – 22 May 2019.
  124. ^ Maia Sandu was Prime Minister of Moldova from 8 June 2019 – 14 November 2019.
  125. ^ Leo Varadkar was Taoiseach from 14 June 2017 – 27 June 2020.

External links

  • Rulers.org List of rulers throughout time and places