List of de Havilland Comet operators
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The following is a list of civil and military operators of the de Havilland Comet since its introduction in 1952.
- 1 Civilian operators
- 2 Military operators
- 3 References
- 4 Related content
- Aerolíneas Argentinas ordered six Comet 4s in 1958 and they were delivered in 1959 and 1960, with a service introduction on 16 April 1959, between Buenos Aires and Santiago, Chile. Due to the loss of three aircraft, a replacement Comet 4C was bought in 1962. After being moved from international flights to domestic flights from 1966, the survivors were retired and sold to Dan-Air in 1971.
- Qantas Empire Airways leased seven different Comet 4 aircraft in the early 1960s mainly to operate the Sydney to Singapore route.
- Canadian Pacific Airlines ultimately had none in operation. One Comet 1A aircraft crashed on delivery and another was cancelled.
- East African Community (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda)
- East African Airways had two new Comet 4s delivered in 1960 and another delivered in 1962. Four other Comet 4s were leased from BOAC in the 1960s.
- AREA Ecuador had one Comet 4 delivered in 1966 that was used on services between Quito and Miami. In 1968, the aircraft was impounded at Miami and remained under legal custody until scrapped in 1978.
- Misrair had two new Comet 4C delivered in 1960. The airline became United Arab Airlines in 1960, which took delivery of seven more Comet 4Cs over the course of the 1960s. Upon the transformation of United Arab Airlines into EgyptAir in 1971, four of these aircraft were inherited by the new airline; they were all sold off over the course of the 1970s.
- Air France operated three new Comet 1As briefly in the 1950s before they were withdrawn.
- Union Aéromaritime de Transport operated three new Comet 1As briefly in the 1950s, one was destroyed and two were withdrawn from service.
- Olympic Airways had four new Comet 4Bs delivered in 1960, operated in a pooling arrangement with BEA.
- Malaysian Airways operated five second-hand Comet 4s in the 1960s. The airline became Malaysia-Singapore Airlines in 1966.
- Malaysia-Singapore Airlines inherited five Comet 4s from Malaysian Airlines in 1966 and two more Comet 4s in 1967 and 1968. All sold to Dan-Air London in 1969.
- Transportes Aéreos Portugueses, between 1959 and 1962, chartered a British European Airways Comet 4B to operate a service between London and Lisbon.
- The Government of Saudi Arabia ordered a Comet 4C for use of King Saud bin Abdul Aziz. The Comet 4C was delivered in 1962 but crashed in 1963.
- BEA Airtours
- British European Airways (BEA)
- British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) had a total of 10 Comet 1As delivered in the 1950s, with survivors withdrawn after the Cohen Inquiry findings on early Comet crashes. A total of 19 Comet 4s were delivered from 1957.
- Channel Airways obtained five Comet 4Bs from British European Airways in 1970 and these were re-configured to a high-density 109-seat configuration for the inclusive tour charters from the United Kingdom. One aircraft was retired in 1971 as life-experienced, the remainder were obtained by Dan-Air when Channel went into receivership in 1972.
- Dan-Air, also known as Dan-Air London, bought all of the surviving flyable Comet 4s from the late 1960s into the 1970s; some were for spares reclamation but most were operated on the carrier's inclusive tour charters. A total of 48 Comets of all marks were acquired by the airline.
- Royal Air Force
- Royal Aircraft Establishment
- Darling 2005, pp. 113–114.
- Darling 2005, p. 119.
- Roach and Eastwood 1992, pp. 331–335.
- Macfarlane, Ian. "De Havilland DH.106 Comet 4, G-APDJ, Air Ceylon." Air-Britain Photographic Images Collection. Retrieved: 19 November 2010.
- Darling 2005, p. 114.
- Jackson 1987, p. 459.
- Howard, Paul. "De Havilland DH.106 Comet 4C, OD-ADT, MEA – Middle East Airlines." Air-Britain Photographic Images Collection. Retrieved: 19 November 2010.
- "de Havilland D.H. 106 Comet Mk. 4C." Museum of Flight. Retrieved: 2 November 2010.
- Darling 2005, p. 117.
- Withey, P. A. "Fatigue Failure of the de Havilland Comet I." Engineering Failure Analysis, 4(2), June 1997, pp. 147–154. Retrieved: 26 April 2012.
- Macfarlane, Ian. "Within Europe, BEA introduced jet service with the Comet IVB in 1960." U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, 2003. Retrieved: 19 November 2010.
- Walker 2000, pp. 187–188.
- Darling 2005, p. 138.
- Davies and Birtles 1999, p. 54.
- Walker 2000, p. 40.
- Jones 2010, p. 68.
- Institution of Electrical Engineers 1978, p. 89.
- Antennas and Propagation, Part 1. London: Institution of Electrical Engineers, 1978. ISBN 0-85296-196-0.
- Darling, Kev. De Havilland Comet. North Branch, Minnesota: Specialty Press, 2001. ISBN 1-58007-036-1.
- Davies, R.E.G. and Philip J. Birtles. Comet: The World's First Jet Airliner. McLean, Virginia: Paladwr Press, 1999. ISBN 1-888962-14-3.
- Jackson, A.J. De Havilland Aircraft since 1909. London: Putnam, Third edition, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-802-X.
- Jones, Barry. "Database: D.H. 016 Comet." Aeroplane, Volume 38, No. 4, Issue no. 444, April 2010.
- Roach, J. R. and A. B. Eastwood. Jet Airliner Production List. West Drayton, UK: The Aviation Hobby Shop, 1992, ISBN 0-907178-43-X.
- Walker, Timothy. The First Jet Airliner: The Story of the de Havilland Comet. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Scoval Publishing Ltd., 2000. ISBN 1-902236-05-X.
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