List of death row inmates in the United States

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As of April 1, 2022, there were 2,414 death row inmates in the United States.[1] The number of death row inmates changes frequently with new convictions, appellate decisions overturning conviction or sentence alone, commutations, or deaths (through execution or otherwise).[2] Due to this fluctuation as well as lag and inconsistencies in inmate reporting procedures across jurisdictions, the information in this article may present inaccuracies.


Ethnicity of defendants on death row[edit]

  • White: 1,023 (42.38%)
  • African-American: 986 (40.85%)
  • Hispanic: 335 (13.88%)
  • Asian: 46 (1.91%)
  • Native American: 24 (0.99%)
  • Unknown: 0 (0.00%)[1]

Comparatively, the U.S. population is 61% non-Hispanic white, 18.1% Hispanic or Latino, 13.4% African-American, 5.8% Asian, 1.3% Native American, and 2.7% mixed (per U.S. Census Bureau 2018). Further comparison by murder committed by using raw numbers, White 3011, Black 3177, Other 207, and Unknown 148 (per FBI 2018 Crime in the United States, Expanded homicide data table 6)

Gender of defendants on death row[edit]

  • Male: 2,364 (97.93%)
  • Female: 50 (2.07%)[1]

Comparatively, 50.8% of the U.S. population is female, and 49.2% is male (USCB 2018).


  • 69.75% have less than a high school diploma or GED.[3]

Comparatively, 12.19% of U.S. adults have less than a high school diploma or GED.[3]

Mental illness[edit]

  • It has been estimated that over 10% of death row inmates have a mental illness.[4]

Comparatively, it is estimated that 4.2% of American adults have a serious mental illness.[5]

Time on death row[edit]

  • Median time, in years, a death row prisoner has been awaiting execution: 7[3]
  • Average time, in years, between imposition of a death sentence and execution: 12[3]
    • For 2020: 22 years on average between offense and execution.

Later found innocent or exonerated[edit]

  • 1.6% of death row prisoners since 1972 have been formally exonerated and released.[6]

List of death row inmates by jurisdiction[edit]


  • On death row: 44 (as of January 1, 2022)[7]
  • Total number executed: 50 (1927–2021)[8]

Due to the high number of federal death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Crime Time on death row Notes
Jorge Avila-Torrez Murdered a Navy Petty Officer in Virginia. 8 years, 119 days Avila-Torrez was later linked to the murders of two girls in his hometown of Zion, Illinois.
Len Davis Conspiracy to violate civil rights through murder. 26 years, 153 days (since initial sentence)
16 years, 334 days (since re-sentencing)
Davis was an officer in the New Orleans Police Department. He ordered a drug dealer to kill a 32-year-old woman, Kim Groves, who had witnessed Davis abuse a suspect and filed a brutality complaint. He was also convicted of witness tampering (which was later thrown out) and, subsequent to his first death penalty sentence, of two drug trafficking charges.
Marvin Gabrion Kidnapping and murder of 19-year-old Rachel Timmerman of Cedar Springs, Michigan. 20 years, 194 days (since initial sentence)
9 years, 121 days (since re-sentencing)
Gabrion had previously raped Timmerman on August 7, 1996, and two days before the trial she went missing. The murder took place in Michigan, which does not have the death penalty, but the body was found in Manistee National Forest, which is federal land. On appeal, his defense team argued that they should consider any reasonable doubt they have that the murder took place outside of the forest before being moved into the forest after death, which would make him ineligible for the death penalty.
Jurijus Kadamovas Ransom-related kidnapping and murder of five people. 15 years, 198 days Kadamovas and co-defendant Iouri Mikhel were sentenced to death for the ransom related kidnappings and murders of five people. The men allegedly demanded a total of more than $5.5 million from relatives and associates, and received more than $1 million from victims' relatives. Prosecutors said the victims were killed regardless of whether the ransoms were paid. The bodies were tied with weights and dumped in a reservoir near Yosemite National Park.
Iouri Mikhel
Alfonso Rodriguez Jr. Rape and murder of Dru Sjodin in Grand Forks, North Dakota. 16 years, 4 days Crossed state lines into Minnesota, making this a federal case.
Dylann Roof Perpetrator of the Charleston church shooting on June 17, 2015, which killed nine African Americans. 5 years, 259 days American mass murderer and white supremacist who, during a prayer service at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church, sat down with his future victims for approximately 45 minutes before pulling out a Glock 41 .45-caliber handgun. Among those people who were killed was the senior pastor and state senator Clementa C. Pinckney. Roof is the first person on death row for federal hate crimes.[9]
Kaboni Savage Twelve counts of murder in aid of racketeering and one count of retaliating against a witness by murder. 9 years, 115 days Philadelphia drug kingpin, sentenced to death for the Firebombing of a house where a federal witness lived, killing six people.
Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Boston Marathon bombing which killed three people and injured 264 runners and spectators.[10] 7 years, 94 days Kyrgyz-American, Islamic terrorism[11] inspired lone wolf who, along with his brother Tamerlan Tsarnaev, perpetrated the attack. Tamerlan later died to critical injuries and massive blood loss during a shootout with police on April 19, 2013. On July 31, 2020, Tsarnaev's death sentence was overturned on appeal, but was reinstated by the US Supreme Court two years later.
Alejandro Umaña Murdered two brothers at a family restaurant in Greensboro, North Carolina. 12 years, 61 days High-ranked member of the MS-13 gang and the first MS-13 member sentenced to the federal death penalty.


  • On death row: 4[12]
  • Total number executed: 135 (1916 to present)[12]
Name Crime Time on death row Notes
Hasan Karim Akbar[13]
(born Mark Fidel Kools)
Hand grenade and shooting attack killing two commissioned officers and injuring eleven other servicemen in Kuwait on March 23, 2003. 17 years, 148 days
Ronald Adrin Gray Rape and murders of multiple women at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, from December 15, 1986, to January 6, 1987. 34 years, 89 days On November 26, 2008, a federal judge issued a stay of execution stopping the planned December 10 execution. Gray is the military's longest serving death row inmate.
Nidal Malik Hasan[14] Fort Hood shooting on November 5, 2009. 9 years, 29 days Convicted on thirteen counts of premeditated murder and 32 counts of attempted murder.
Timothy B. Hennis[15] Triple murder by stabbing of a North Carolina woman and two of her children in 1985. 12 years, 164 days Previously convicted in 1986 by the State of North Carolina, retried and acquitted in 1989, and widely reported as exonerated; recalled to active duty for military court martial (as he had been in the U.S. Army at the time of the murders) under separate sovereignty (see Double jeopardy).


  • On death row: 166 (as of June 17, 2022)[16]
  • Total number executed: 70 (1976–present)

Due to the high number of Alabama death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Donald Broadnax Murdered his wife, 42-year-old Hector Jan Stamps, and her grandson, 4-year-old DeAngelo Marquez Stamps. 25 years, 14 days The crimes were committed while he was on work release from a previous murder conviction.
Derrick Dearman Committed the 2016 Citronelle homicides. 3 years, 349 days
Shonelle Jackson Murder during the commission of a robbery. 21 years, 131 days
Jeffrey Lee Murder of singer Jimmy "Orion" Ellis and Ellis' ex-wife during a robbery. 21 years, 350 days
Courtney Lockhart Kidnapped and murdered 18-year-old Auburn University freshman Lauren Burk. 11 years, 208 days
Devin Moore Murdered two police officers and a dispatcher. 16 years, 355 days
Cuhuatemoc Peraita Killed a fellow inmate in 1999. 20 years, 329 days Peraita was originally serving life without parole for his involvement in the murders of three Popeyes restaurant workers in 1994. He was the accomplice of Robert Melson, who was executed for these murders in 2017.
Kerry Spencer Killed three Birmingham police officers in 2004. 17 years, 3 days Spencer shot all three officers and testified that he acted alone, but his alleged accomplice, Nathaniel Woods, was also sentenced to death. Woods was executed in 2020 in a highly publicized and controversial execution.

American Samoa[edit]

  • On death row: 0
  • Total number executed: 0 (1949–present)

Capital punishment exists as a punishment in American Samoa, an unincorporated territory of the United States, but does not have a prescribed method of execution. No executions have been imposed or performed since the territory gained self-governance in 1949; the last executions occurred in the late 1930s, when the island was under the control of the United States Navy.[17]


  • On death row: 110 (as of August 18, 2022)
  • Total number executed: 142 (1800–2022)[18]

Due to the high number of Arizona death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
John Allen Murder of his wife's cousin, Ame Deal. 4 years, 314 days On July 12, 2011, police officers were called to ten-year-old Ame Deal's home, where she was found dead in a small foot locker, having suffocated. Ame lived with a number of relatives, including her aunt and legal guardian, Cynthia Stoltzmann. Allen was Stoltzmann's daughter. The family first told the police officers that Ame was playing hide-n-seek and locked herself in the trunk the night before, after the adults went to sleep. During interrogation, Sammantha and her husband John confessed to locking Ame in the trunk as a form of punishment, because she took a popsicle without permission.[citation needed]
Sammantha Allen Murder of her cousin, Ame Deal. 5 years, 1 month and 19 days
Wendi Andriano Murder of her husband Joe. 17 years, 278 days During the early morning hours of October 8, 2000, Wendi Andriano bludgeoned her 33-year-old husband Joe to death with a bar stool and stabbed him in the neck with a thirteen-inch knife in the couple's Ahwatukee, Arizona apartment. His autopsy revealed that he had sustained 23 blows to the skull, and traces of sodium azide were also found in his system.[19]
Approximately one hour before Joe's murder, his wife Wendi had called 911 at the behest of a co-worker, claiming that her terminally ill husband was dying. When paramedics arrived however, Wendi turned them away, stating that Joe had a do-not-resuscitate order, and that his wish was to die. Paramedics left the scene. One hour later, Wendi called 911 again, reporting that she had stabbed and beaten her husband to death in self-defense. She also made claims that her husband was physically and psychologically abusive toward her. However, being that Joe was weak from chemotherapy and the sodium azide poisoning, he was unable to defend himself. Wendi was charged with murder.[19]
Trent Benson Rapes and murders of two prostitutes in Mesa, committed in 2004 and 2007, respectively. 10 years, 354 days Benson is serving 135 years imprisonment for two unrelated sexual assaults, and police believe he might be responsible for further crimes.
Jason Eugene Bush Murdered 29-year-old Raul Flores and his 9-year-old daughter, Brisenia, in Arivaca, Arizona, during a home invasion. 11 years, 173 days Had ties with the Aryan Nations, a white supremacist group. Convicted for four murders in total, and two suspected killings in 1997, was sentenced to die and received 78 years for other crimes just one month after his death sentence.
Shawna Forde 11 years, 216 days On May 30, 2009, Forde was active in the Minuteman movement, a grassroots anti-illegal immigration group that would station themselves along the U.S. southern border and keep watch for Mexicans crossing the border illegally and alert the Border Patrol. Forde allegedly boasted of robbing drug dealers to finance the movement. Prosecutors alleged Forde and her associates entered the trailer disguised as government officials looking for fugitives. No drugs were found in the trailer.[20] Albert Gaxiola, who participated in the May 30, 2009 murders, received life without parole plus 54 years.[21]
Richard Djerf Murder of the Luna family. 26 years, 127 days Djerf and Albert Luna, Jr. met and became friends while working at a Safeway supermarket. In January 1993, Luna burgled Djerf's apartment. Djerf told police he suspected Luna, but they took no action. In September of that year, Djerf entered the Luna home and killed Luna's father, mother, and two siblings over the course of several hours.[22]
Mark Goudeau Series of rapes and murders. 10 years, 300 days Goudeau is a serial killer and rapist, referred to as the Baseline Killer by law enforcement and media prior to his identification. Goudeau is believed to have committed nine counts of first degree murder (eight women and one man), in addition to fifteen sexual assaults on women and young girls, eleven counts of kidnapping, and a number of armed robberies.[23][24]
Charles Michael Hedlund Murdered two people in separate burglaries. 29 years, 58 days Both defendants, who are half-brothers, were sentenced to death
James Erin McKinney 29 years, 65 days
Cory Morris Murdered five women between September 2002 and April 2003. 17 years, 69 days Serial killer known as "The Crackhead Killer".
Preston Strong Murdered a family of six in 2005. 5 years, 143 days Strong was already serving a life sentence for murdering a physician when he was sentenced to death.
Robert Lee Walden Rape and murder of 31-year-old Miguela Burhans in her Tucson apartment on June 13, 1991. 29 years, 291 days Walden is also serving five life terms for another murder and four rapes, all committed within the Tucson area from 1989 to 1991. He has also been linked to a third murder, for which he has never been charged.


  • On death row: 30 (as of November 21, 2020)[25]
  • Total number executed: 200 (1913–2017)[26]

Due to the high number of Arkansas death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Randy Gay Serial killer who murdered three people, including his father-in-law and his biological father, between 1978 and 2011. 7 years, 191 days
Zachary Holly Abducted, raped and strangled 6-year-old Jersey Bridgeman. 7 years, 122 days


Due to the high number of California death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Notes
Isauro Aguirre Tortured and murdered 8-year-old Gabriel Fernandez. 4 years, 297 days Pearl Fernandez was sentenced to life without parole.
Rosie Alfaro Murder of 9-year-old Autumn Wallace. 30 years, 74 days Alfaro was the first woman sentenced to death by gas chamber and the first woman in Orange County, California to get the death penalty.
Alejandro Avila Kidnap, rape and murder of 5-year-old Samantha Runnion. 17 years, 133 days
Hector Ayala Murdered three men during an attempted robbery of an automobile body shop. 32 years, 300 days
Ronaldo Ayala 33 years, 229 days
Cimarron Bell Shot his girlfriend Ineka Edmondson in La Habra on November 11, 2003, and three men at his house in South Whittier on January 27, 2004. 11 years, 40 days The accomplice in the latter crime, Briaell Michael Lee, is serving a 40-years-to-life sentence.
Richard Delmer Boyer Murdered an elderly couple in 1982. 37 years, 286 days He was about to be released by the police when he admitted to committing the crime.
Luis Bracamontes Shot and killed Sacramento County sheriff's deputy Danny Oliver and Placer County detective Michael Davis Jr. in October 2014. 4 years, 154 days
Vincent Brothers Murdered his wife, mother-in-law and three children. 14 years, 364 days In 2003, Brothers drove from Columbus, Ohio to Bakersfield, California to murder his family. He then drove back to Columbus and flew back to California to find his family murdered. He was on trial two years later and convicted on all counts.
Albert Greenwood Brown Abduction, rape, and murder of 15-year-old Susan Louise Jordan. 40 years, 208 days Brown posed as a jogger and dragged Jordan, who was on her way to school, into the woods, where he then strangled her with her shoelace. Brown then made numerous calls to the Riverside Police Department and the Jordan residence.
David Carpenter Murder of four women and one man in 1979–1980 on hiking trails near San Francisco, California. 38 years, 82 days Carpenter is known as the Trailside Killer. He is suspected in the murders of at least three other women and he was found guilty of two additional murders. He is the oldest death row inmate in California.
Dean Carter Raped and strangled four women in April 1984. 32 years, 231 days
Steven David Catlin Poisoned two of his wives and his adoptive mother. 32 years, 78 days
Doug Clark Rape, murder, necrophilia, seven female victims, six convictions. 39 years, 186 days Along with accomplice Carol M. Bundy known as the Sunset Strip Killers.
Cynthia Coffman Murders of four women from October to November 1986. 33 years, 26 days Along with her boyfriend James Marlow, who was also sentenced to death, Coffman admits to committing the murders, but insists she suffered from battered-woman syndrome.
Kevin Cooper Axing and stabbing of Douglas and Peggy Ryen, their daughter Jessica, and their son Joshua's friend Christopher Hughes. 37 years, 128 days 8-year-old Joshua had his throat cut, but survived the attack.
Cooper escaped several times from custody in Pennsylvania and from the minimum security section of California Institution for Men in Chino.
Tiequon Cox Shot and killed four relatives of former NFL player Kermit Alexander. 36 years, 142 days Cox was a noted member of the Rollin' 60 Crips.
Kerry Lyn Dalton Tortured and killed Irene 'Melanie' Louise in 1988. 27 years, 126 days
Joseph Danks Strangled his 67-year-old cellmate to death in 1990. 29 years, 177 days Was serving a life sentence for the murders of six transients in Koreatown, Los Angeles in January 1987.
Richard Allen Davis Kidnapping and murder of 12-year-old Polly Klaas. 26 years, 52 days His criminal record fueled support for passage of California's "three-strikes law".
Skylar Deleon Murder of Thomas and Jackie Hawks. 13 years, 169 days Both defendants were judged separately
John Kennedy 13 years, 148 days
Robert Mark Edwards Sexual assault and murder of 55-year-old realtor Marjorie Deeble, the mother of his girlfriend, at her home in Los Alamitos in May 1986. 24 years, 12 days Also convicted for a similar murder in Kihei, Hawaii on January 25, 1993, for which he was given five life terms.
Sonny Enraca Gang member who shot and killed actor Dedrick D. Gobert and another man during a fight in 1994. 23 years, 137 days He also shot and paralyzed Gobert's girlfriend during the altercation.
Pedro Espinoza Murder of Jamiel Shaw II. 10 years, 137 days
Richard Farley Shot and killed seven people and wounded four others. 30 years, 252 days Laura Black, a former coworker Farley had been stalking for four years prior to his rampage, was shot unconscious, but she survived.
Wayne Adam Ford Confessed to killing four women in 1997 and 1998. 16 years, 56 days Ford was arrested after he walked into the Humboldt County Sheriff Department in Eureka, California in November 1998 with a woman's severed breast in his pocket. He is believed to have killed others.
Rickie Lee Fowler Perpetrator of the Old Fire which killed six people. 10 years, 241 days The fire caused at least $1.2 billion in damages.
Michael Gargiulo Murdered at least two women between 2001 and 2005. 1 year, 55 days Believed to be responsible for other murders in different states, including his former neighbor, who was murdered in 1993 in Glenview, Illinois.
Steven Dean Gordon Raped and strangled four prostitutes in Santa Ana and Anaheim from 2013 to 2014. 5 years, 235 days Gordon's accomplice, fellow sex offender Franc Cano, is yet to stand trial for the crimes. Both men are also accused in the murder of a fifth victim, but neither has been charged.
Jose Guerrero Murders of three women in Madera from 1995 to 1998. 13 years, 92 days Guerrero was arrested six years after the last crime based on DNA evidence after he had been jailed for a DUI.
Glenn Helzer Cult leader who murdered five people in 2000. 17 years, 197 days His brother, Justin, was also sentenced to death, but committed suicide in 2013.
Ivan Hill Nine murders committed between 1979 and 1994. 15 years, 189 days Hill dumped his victims' corpses along California State Route 60, earning him the nickname The 60 Freeway Killer.
Eric Houston Perpetrator of the Lindhurst school shooting which killed four people and injured ten others. 29 years, 5 days
Ryan Hoyt Kidnapped and shot Nicholas Markowitz in 2000. 20 years, 300 days Jesse James Hollywood, orchestrator of Markowitz's murder, is serving life without parole.
Mervin Ray Hughes Two murders during a shooting spree in 1999. 17 years, 108 days Originally served time for a manslaughter conviction in 1986.
Michael Hughes Raped and strangled at least seven women between 1986 and 1993. 10 years, 86 days In 1998, Hughes was originally sentenced to life without parole.
Michael Jackson Shot and killed a police officer in August 1983. 38 years, 128 days Was high on phencyclidine at the time of the killing.
Emrys John Murder of Jan Pawel and Quiana Jenkins Pietrzak. 9 years, 41 days
Tyrone Miller 9 years, 69 days
Kesaun Sykes 7 years, 323 days
Randy Kraft Rape, torture, mutilation and murder of a minimum of sixteen young men. 32 years, 301 days In a series of killings spanning between 1972 and 1983, the majority of his crimes were committed in California. He is suspected of having raped and murdered 51 other boys and young men.
Gunner Lindberg Stabbed a Vietnamese immigrant 22 times. 24 years, 278 days
Franklin Lynch Murdered three elderly women in 1987. 30 years, 151 days A series of thirteen murders that lasted throughout the summer of 1987 in the East Bay became known as the "Day Stalker Murders". Lynch was arrested on October 14, 1987, and was convicted of three of the murders and was sentenced to death.
Robert Maury Murdered at least three women in Shasta County in the late 1980s. 32 years, 324 days
Timothy Joseph McGhee Serial killer from 1997 to 2003, killed twelve people. 13 years, 260 days McGhee was a Toonerville Rifa 13 gang member of Scottish and Mexican descent from Atwater Village, Los Angeles. He is believed to be responsible for at least 12 homicides, three of which led to convictions, and at least 10 attempted murders, four of which led to convictions.
Charles "Chase" Merritt Perpetrator of the McStay family murders. 2 years, 239 days
Andrew Mickel Shot Red Bluff police officer David Mobilio. 17 years, 151 days
Michael Morales Raped, hammered and stabbed Terri Winchell. 39 years, 88 days Morales's cousin, Richard Ortega, hired him to murder Winchell, Ortega's male lover's girlfriend. Richard Ortega was sentenced to life without parole.
Morales's original execution date of February 21, 2006, was postponed as a result of two court-appointed anesthesiologists withdrawing from the procedure.
Joseph Naso Drugged, raped and strangled four women between 1977 and 1994. 8 years, 304 days
Charles Ng Serial killer in 1985. 23 years, 88 days Ng is believed to have raped, tortured and murdered between 11 and 25 victims with his accomplice, Leonard Lake, at the latter's cabin in Calaveras County, California, in the Sierra Nevada foothills 150 miles east of San Francisco.
Raymond Lee Oyler Perpetrator of the Esperanza Fire which killed five firefighters. 13 years, 113 days
Gerald Parker Raped and murdered five women in their homes. 23 years, 241 days A sixth woman was also attacked by Parker. She survived, but her baby was delivered stillborn.
Cleophus Prince Jr. Burglarized several homes and murdered six women, one of whom he raped. 28 years, 325 days
David Allen Raley Murdered a woman and attempted to murder her friend. 34 years, 125 days Raley worked as a security guard at the Carolands mansion in Hillsborough, San Mateo County, where he kidnapped and attacked both women.
Angelina Rodriguez Murdered her fourth husband by antifreeze poisoning. 18 years, 247 days In jail she attempted to hire a fellow inmate to murder a witness who tried to testify against her. She is also suspected of suffocating her infant daughter with a pacifier.
Ramon Salcido Murdered his wife, two of his three daughters, his mother in-law, her two daughters, and his work supervisor. 31 years, 283 days
Wesley Shermantine At least four murders committed from 1984 to 1999. 21 years, 128 days One half of the Speed Freak Killers along with Loren Herzog, who committed suicide in 2012.
Mauricio Silva Murdered three teenagers, including his half-sister, during a two-week killing spree in May 1984. 36 years, 37 days The killings were committed less than a month after being paroled from a voluntary manslaughter conviction.
Morris Solomon Jr. Raped and murdered six to seven sex workers between 1986 and 1987. 30 years, 3 days
Gerald Frank Stanley Murdered his fourth wife in 1980 after being paroled for the 1975 killing of his second wife. 38 years, 230 days He is also suspected in the disappearance of his third wife in 1980.
Cary Stayner Strangled a woman and her daughter's friend from Argentina, and slit the daughter's throat in 1999. He beheaded another woman five months later. 19 years, 288 days Older brother of kidnapping victim Steven Stayner, abducted by child molester Kenneth Parnell.
Charles Stevens Murdered four people on Interstate 580 in 1989. 29 years, 58 days Worked with an accomplice named Richard James Clark in some of the attacks.
William Suff Raped, stabbed, strangled and/or mutilated at least twelve sex workers between 1986 and 1991. 26 years, 329 days Suff and his ex-wife were previously convicted of beating their infant daughter to death.
Anthony Sully Together with three accomplices, killed three prostitutes and three drug dealers at his Burlingame warehouse between February and August 1983. 36 years, 73 days Sully formerly served as a policeman in Millbrae.
Regis Deon Thomas Three murders between 1992 and 1993. 27 years, 42 days Bloods gang member. Two of the victims were officers in the Compton Police Department.
Chester Turner Fifteen murders between 1987 and 1998. 15 years, 79 days First sentenced for the murders of ten women and the unborn child of one of them. Then sentenced again for the other four murders.
Billy Ray Waldon Shooting of a woman during a robbery in which he also set the home on fire, killing her daughter inside. Two weeks later, he shot a man who was working on a car. 30 years, 203 days Creator of the constructed language Poliespo.
Darnell Keith Washington Murder of a woman during a home invasion. 5 years, 252 days Washington committed the murder as well as numerous other serious crimes across southern California with his wife Tania.
David Esco Welch Mass murder of six people. 33 years, 63 days
Marcus Wesson Mass shooting of nine of his children. 17 years, 55 days Wesson's victims were his own children, fathered by incestuous relationships with his daughters and nieces, as well as the children by his wife.
David Westerfield Kidnapped and murdered 7-year-old Danielle van Dam. 19 years, 253 days
Daniel Wozniak Murder of PFC Samuel Eliezer Herr and his friend, Juri Kibuishi. 5 years, 358 days Killed two people in an attempt to fund his 2010 wedding and honeymoon. A jury deliberated for 1 hour 14 minutes before recommending the death penalty, one of the shortest death penalty deliberations in Orange County history.[29]


  • On death row: 304 (as of October 31, 2021)[30]
  • Total number executed: 412 (1800–2020) [18][28]

Due to the high number of Florida death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Lucious Boyd Kidnapped, raped and stabbed a 21-year-old woman with a screwdriver. 20 years, 97 days He is a suspect in at least ten other homicides, rapes and disappearances.
Tiffany Cole Kidnapped and buried an elderly couple alive. 14 years, 204 days Two of Cole's companions, Michael Jackson and Alan Wade, were also sentenced to death. Another companion, Bruce Nixon, was sentenced to 45 years after testifying against Cole and leading police to the couple's bodies.
Daniel Conahan Kidnapped, raped, tortured and strangled a 21-year-old man, tied him to a tree, then removed his genitals. 23 years, 228 days Conahan is also a suspect in the deaths of twelve other men.
Rory Enrique Conde Strangled six sex workers, including a male crossdresser, then had anal sex with their corpses. 22 years, 203 days
Mesac Damas Murder of his wife and five children at their home. 4 years, 334 days He was given six death sentences for each murder.
Leon Davis Jr. Murders of four people 11 years, 150 days He was given an additional life sentence for killing the unborn child of one of the victims
Donald Dillbeck Attempted to steal a car and stabbed the driver repeatedly in 1990. 31 years, 195 days Dillbeck was sentenced to life in prison in 1979 for shooting a deputy. He escaped from prison in June 1990.
Noel Doorbal Murdered and dismembered a Hungarian couple during an extortion kidnapping. 24 years, 72 days Changes to capital punishment laws have helped Doorbal, who in 2017 had his death sentence overturned. In case Miami prosecutors seek the death penalty again, he will be tried by a jury.
Daniel Lugo
Wayne C. Doty Murder of fellow inmate Xavier Rodriguez in 2013. 9 years, 114 days (first sentence; overthrown)
4 years, 134 days (second sentence)
Originally sentenced to death for the murder of Harvey Horne II in 1996, the Florida Supreme Court threw out Doty's sentence in 2016, but he was retried and received a new one in 2018.
Franklin Delano Floyd Murder of Cheryl Ann Commesso. 19 years, 308 days Commesso was working as a dancer in Florida when she disappeared in 1989. Floyd's wife, Sharon Marshall, died soon after in a mysterious hit-and-run incident and their son, Michael, was put into foster care. In September 1994, Floyd kidnapped and murdered Michael. Floyd is also the prime suspect in Sharon's death.
Kevin Foster Shot a high school music teacher. 24 years, 132 days Two of Foster's accomplices were sentenced to life without parole. Another was sentenced to 32 years.
Louis Gaskin Murders of Robert and Georgette Sturmfels. 32 years, 77 days Murdered Robert and Georgette Sturmfels, and attempted to kill two others on December 20, 1989. He is infamous for the fact that he wore a ninja outfit when committing the murders.
Leonard Gonzalez Murders of Byrd and Melanie Billings. 11 years, 221 days
Gary Hilton Kidnapped, robbed, murdered and dismembered Cheryl Dunlap at Apalachicola National Forest. 11 years, 158 days He was also sentenced to life in prison in Georgia for the murder of Meredith Emerson, and was sentenced in North Carolina to four life sentences for the murders of John and Irene Bryant. Hilton is also suspected in the killing of Judy Smith.
Eddie James Strangled a girl and raped her corpse, and repeatedly stabbed her grandmother. 27 years, 39 days James was living with the family of the victims at the time.
Michael King Kidnapped, raped and murdered Denise Amber Lee. 13 years, 22 days
Renaldo McGirth Murder of Diana Miller and attempted murder of James Miller. 14 years, 144 days Crime occurred in 2006 with McGirth being sentenced to death in 2008. He became the youngest person on death row in Florida at the time of his sentence.
Dontae Morris Killed five people, including two police officers, in Tampa between May and June 2010. 8 years, 119 days
Phillup Partin Murder of 16-year-old hitchhiker Joshan Ashbrook. 13 years, 299 days
Glen Edward Rogers Stabbed Tina Marie Cribbs to death. 25 years, 77 days Rogers was also sentenced to death in California for the murder of Sandra Gallagher, and is suspected of having murdered three other women in Ohio, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Considered by investigators as a possible alternative suspect to O. J. Simpson in the murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman.
Nelson Serrano Shot execution-style four people in 1997. 15 years, 92 days Serrano is the oldest death row inmate in Florida.
Donald James Smith Kidnapped, raped, and murdered 8-year-old Cherish Perrywinkle. 4 years, 147 days
Troy Victorino Bludgeoned six people to death. 16 years, 5 days Victorino and accomplice Jerone Hunter were both sentenced to death for the crime. The crime was the bloodiest mass murder in Volusia County history.
Frank A. Walls Robbery and murder of five people in Ocean City from 1985 to 1987 30 years, 59 days Granted a new trial in 1994, but was found guilty and was resentenced to death
Tommy Zeigler Quadruple murder of Eunice Zeigler, Perry and Virginia Edwards, and Charlie Mays. 46 years, 86 days Zeigler's case has been focus of controversy, since he was denied bloodstain DNA analysis in 2013 and 2016, and touch DNA analysis in April 2017.
Zeigler was scheduled to be executed on October 22, 1982. However, the U.S. District Court stayed the execution due to new evidence. Zeigler was then scheduled to be executed on May 20, 1986, but it was again stayed by the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals due to inadequate representation.


  • On death row: 38 (as of June 30, 2022)[31]
  • Total number executed: 1021 (1700–2020)[18][28]

Due to the high number of Georgia death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
David Edenfield Raped and murdered 6-year-old Christopher Barrios Jr. 12 years, 355 days Edenfield is the oldest death row inmate in Georgia.
Tiffany Moss Murdered her stepdaughter, 10-year-old Emani Moss. 3 years, 149 days Moss is the only woman on death row in Georgia.
Michael Nance Robbed a bank and committed murder during a carjacking. 25 years, 0 days
Lyndon Fitzgerald Pace Robbed and killed at least four elderly women between 1988 and 1989. 26 years, 203 days
Reinaldo Rivera Abducted, raped, and killed four women between 1999 and 2000. 18 years, 218 days


  • On death row: 8[32]
  • Total number executed: 29 (since 1864)[32][33]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Azad Haji Abdullah[32][34] Murder by arson of his wife and attempted murder of their four children in Boise on October 5, 2002. 17 years, 307 days
Thomas Eugene Creech Murder by beating of a fellow inmate on May 13, 1981. 46 years, 185 days
(first sentence)
39 years, 268 days
(second sentence)
Previously on Idaho's death row; in 1977 the U.S. Supreme Court overturned Idaho's previous death penalty on his appeal.
Has been scheduled to be executed multiple times for different crimes, but none could be carried out.
Timothy Alan Dunlap[32][35] Fatally shot a Soda Springs bank teller during a robbery on October 16, 1991. 30 years, 159 days Also sentenced in Ohio for murdering his girlfriend.[36]
James Harvey Hairston[32][37] Robbed and shot an elderly Downey couple on January 6, 1996. 25 years, 329 days Denied retrial in 2010.[38][39]
Erick Virgil Hall[32][40] Rape and murder of two women on September 24, 2000, and one in 2003. 18 years, 56 days
Gerald Ross Pizzuto Jr.[32][41] Beat to death a Marsing woman and her nephew in July 1985. 36 years, 148 days Denied retrial in 2010.[38][39]
Jonathan Daniel Renfro[32][42][43] Shot dead Coeur d'Alene Police Sgt. Greg Moore on May 5, 2015. 4 years, 348 days
Robin Lee Row[32][44] Murder by arson of her husband and their two children in February 1992. 28 years, 299 days Only woman on Idaho's death row; housed at the Pocatello Women's Correctional Center.


  • On death row: 8 (November 21, 2020)[45]
  • Total number executed: 151 (1800–2009)[18]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Joseph Edward Corcoran Fatally shot his brother, his future brother-in-law, and two of his brother's friends. 23 years, 31 days Corcoran was living with his brother, sister, and his sister's fiancé. He became enraged when he heard his brother, future brother-in-law, and two of his brother's friends talking about him. After putting his 7-year-old niece in an upstairs bedroom to protect her, he loaded his semiautomatic rifle and killed them. He then went to a neighbor's house and asked them to call the police.[46]
Corcoran has paranoid schizophrenia and has had ongoing issues with delusions and auditory hallucinations. When asked why he was not pursuing post conviction relief, he stated: "I want to waive my appeals because I am guilty of murder. I should be executed."[47]
William Clyde Gibson Rape and bludgeoning of Christine Whitis. 8 years, 319 days Whitis was a family friend who had come to his New Albany home to console Gibson after his mother's death.[46] Gibson has pleaded guilty to three murders. After he was arrested for Whitis' murder, police excavated Gibson's yard to recover the body of Stephanie Kirk, a 35-year-old Charlestown woman who disappeared in 2012. He also admitted to fatally stabbing Karen Hodella of Port Orange, Florida, in October 2002.[48][49]
Eric D. Holmes Murder of Theresa Blosl and Charles Ervin. 29 years, 184 days Holmes was fired from his job at Shoney's Restaurant after an argument with co-worker Amy Foshee. At closing on the day of his firing, Holmes waited in the parking lot with Michael Vance. Holmes and Vance attacked Foshee and two managers as they exited the building, stabbing them multiple times, and stealing the bank deposit money. The restaurant managers, Theresa Blosl and Charles Ervin, died; Foshee survived. Vance was tried separately and sentenced to 190 years.[46]
Kevin Isom Shot his wife and his two stepchildren dead. 9 years, 202 days The crime was in response to learning his wife was planning to leave him. He then barricaded himself in the family's apartment and shot at police officers attempting to take him into custody.[46]
Isom's defense attorney argued that a death sentence was inappropriate given the emotional state of his client, who suffered an extreme emotional disturbance from losing his job and then being left by his wife. However, the prosecution pointed out that he was extremely abusive and unfaithful to his wife and drove her away.[50]
Michael Dean Overstreet Raped, strangled and shot 18-year-old Kelly Eckart. 22 years, 57 days Kelly Eckart, an 18-year-old freshman at Franklin College, was last seen on September 27, 1997, after leaving work. The next morning, her car was found abandoned in a rural area, with its lights on and keys in the ignition. She was found in a ravine in Brown County four days later. She had been shot and strangled. Semen found on the body was matched to Overstreet.
He has schizoaffective disorder and had hallucinations as a child. He was discharged from the marines on the basis of mental illness.[46] A judge determined Overstreet was not competent to be executed in November 2014. The Indiana Attorney General chose not to appeal the decision. He remains on death row indefinitely.[51]
Benjamin Ritchie Shot officer William Toney in the chest.[46] 19 years, 346 days Ritchie was involved in a police chase after he was spotted driving a stolen vehicle. The chase ended when he crashed the vehicle and proceeded on foot before shooting Toney.
Ritchie has a number of cognitive and emotional disorders. He has bipolar disorder and a non-specified cognitive disorder. The cause of the physiological condition was not identified, but experts speculated that several past serious head injuries, his mother's heavy use of drugs and alcohol during pregnancy, his own history of drug use, and a history of childhood abuse were to likely causes.[52]
Roy Lee Ward Rape and stabbing of a 15-year-old girl in her home. 19 years, 282 days The victim's 14-year-old sister was sleeping upstairs when she heard the screams of her sister. She called 911. Police found Ward still in the home when they arrived. Ward's first conviction was overturned in 2004 on the basis that pretrial publicity tainted the jury pool. He was again convicted and sentenced to death.
Ward has been diagnosed with a number of psychiatric disorders including exhibitionism, antisocial personality disorder, and ADHD.[53]
Jeffrey A. Weisheit Murder by arson of the two children of his girlfriend, 8-year-old Alyssa and 5-year-old Caleb Lynch. 9 years, 77 days After his arrest, Weisheit admitted stuffing a dish towel in Caleb's mouth and using duct tape to bind his arms behind his back. Two flares were found near the boy's body. Autopsies revealed the children were alive when the fire was set. He told police he did it because Caleb was misbehaving on the night before the fire.[54] Weisheit has bipolar disorder.[46]


Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Reginald Carr Five random brutal crimes committed from December 7 to 14, 2000. 19 years, 315 days (first sentence; overturned)
6 years, 249 days (second sentence)
After the Kansas Supreme Court overturned their death sentences, the United States Supreme Court reinstated them on January 20, 2016.
Jonathan Carr
Scott Cheever Murder of Sheriff Matt Samuels in January 2005. 14 years, 246 days
Kyle Trevor Flack Shot two men, and a mother and daughter on May 1, 2013. 6 years, 131 days
Sidney Gleason Murder of Miki Martinez and Darren Wormkey in February 2004. 16 years, 29 days (first sentence; overturned)
6 years, 249 days (second sentence)
After the Kansas Supreme Court overturned his death sentence, the United States Supreme Court reinstated it on January 20, 2016.
James Kraig Kahler Murders of his wife Karen, his two daughters, Lauren and Emily, and his wife's grandmother, Dorothy Wight. 10 years, 350 days
Gary Kleypas 1996 rape and murder of Carrie Williams in Pittsburg, Kansas. 24 years, 199 days (first sentence; overturned)
13 years, 297 days (second sentence)
The Kansas Supreme Court, in its review of his case, found serious errors with the state's death penalty statute and ordered that the penalty phase of his trial be redone. The sentence was overturned in 2001. In 2008, he was sentenced to death again.
John E. Robinson, Sr. Capital murder convictions for the murders of Izabel Lewicka and Suzette Trouten and first degree murder in the case of Lisa Stasi, who disappeared in 1985. 19 years, 248 days In 2005, he admitted responsibility for five additional homicides across the river, at trial in Kansas City, Missouri, in a deal to receive multiple life sentences without possibility of parole and avoid more death sentences.
Justin Thurber Kidnapped, raped, tortured and murdered 19-year-old college student Jodi Sanderholm in 2007.[56] 13 years, 190 days In October 2017, he appealed death sentence with arguments whether he is developmentally disabled. The judge rejected the defense's request for a hearing on whether Thurber is developmentally disabled, ruling that the defense hadn't presented enough evidence to warrant a hearing.[57]


Due to the high number of Kentucky death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Ralph Baze Shot two police officers at his home. 28 years, 234 days He sued the Kentucky State Department of Corrections on the grounds that execution by lethal injection using the cocktail prescribed by Kentucky law constitutes cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment. The U.S. Supreme Court heard the case but rejected his challenge by a vote of 7–2. See Baze v. Rees
Victor Dewayne Taylor Kidnapped, robbed and shot two 17-year-old Trinity High School students. 36 years, 126 days Taylor's cousin, George Wade, was sentenced to life imprisonment.
Larry Lamont White Robbery and shooting of 22-year-old Pamela Armstrong in Louisville on June 4, 1983. 37 years, 195 days (first sentence; overturned)
16 years, 63 days (second sentence)
White was initially convicted and sentenced to death for two other murders committed between June and July 1983, but his sentence was overturned and he was resentenced to 29 years imprisonment. He was paroled in 2001 and rearrested for violating his parole in 2006, when he was linked via DNA to Armstrong's killing.[59]
Shawn Windsor Stabbing deaths of his estranged wife and their son. 15 years, 313 days


  • On death row: 64 (as of September 30, 2021)[60][61]
  • Total number executed: 659 (1700–2010)[18]

Due to the high number of Louisiana death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Henri Broadway Involved in the murder of police officer Betty Smothers. 26 years, 233 days The murdered police officer was the mother of Warrick Dunn, a former NFL running back. Broadway's accomplice, Kevan Brumfield, was initially sentenced to death also, but was resentenced to life on July 20, 2016, as he was ruled too intellectually disabled and therefore ineligible for execution.
Nathaniel Code Mass murder of four people. 31 years, 244 days Code had also been responsible for at least four other murders, and investigators believe his murder count could be as high as twelve.
Antoinette Frank Murdered three people at a restaurant where she worked as a security guard. 26 years, 341 days Was a New Orleans police officer.
Michael Owen Perry Murdered his parents, two of his cousins, and his 2-year-old nephew. 36 years, 261 days Following the murders, he fled the state, leaving behind a list of five other intended targets, including Justice Sandra Day O'Connor and musician Olivia Newton-John. He was arrested on his way to murder O'Connor. Perry is Louisiana's longest serving death row inmate.


  • On death row: 36[62]
  • Total number executed: 373 (1800–2021) [18]

Due to the high number of Mississippi death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Willie Cory Godbolt Fatally shot eight people in a killing spree in Lincoln County, Mississippi, including police officer William Durr. 2 years, 211 days Godbolt was given four death sentences and six life sentences plus 40 years.
Richard Gerald Jordan Kidnapped and murdered the wife of a bank executive. 45 years, 208 days Jordan is Mississippi's longest serving death row inmate.
Willie Jerome Manning Murders of Jon Steckler and Tiffany Miller. 27 years, 322 days Manning was sentenced to death for two separate double murders. One of these convictions was overturned but he remains on death row for the other one.


  • On death row: 18 (as of May 3, 2022)[63]
  • Total number executed: 373 (1800–2022) [18]

Due to the high number of Missouri death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Marcellus Williams Murdered St. Louis Post-Dispatch reporter Felicia Gayle. 21 years, 30 days Williams was scheduled to be executed by lethal injection on August 22, 2017, but a last minute stay of execution was issued by Governor Eric Greitens.
Craig Michael Wood Kidnapped, raped, and murdered 10-year-old Hailey Owens. 4 years, 258 days


  • On death row: 2[64]
  • Total number executed: 74 (1800–2006)[18]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
William Jay Gollehon[64] Murder by bludgeoning of an inmate during a riot in 1991. 30 years, 194 days
Ronald Allen Smith[64] Kidnap and murder by shooting of two Native American men in the fall of 1982. 39 years, 188 days Only Canadian on death row in the United States.[65]


  • On death row: 11[66][67]
  • Total number executed: 41 (1862–2018)[18]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Roy Ellis Abducted 12-year-old Amber Harris, beat her to death, and threw her body into a ravine. 13 years, 232 days
Jorge Galindo Shooting of five people in a failed bank robbery. 17 years, 320 days Gabriel Rodriguez was sentenced to five terms of life imprisonment.
Jose Sandoval 17 years, 238 days
Erick Fernando Vela 15 years, 257 days
Anthony Garcia Two separate double murders in March 2008 and May 2013. 4 years, 12 days
Jeffrey Hessler Kidnapped, raped and murdered a teenage girl. 17 years, 131 days
Nikko Allen Jenkins Shot four people in August 2013. 5 years, 119 days
John Lotter Murdered three people including Brandon Teena. 26 years, 217 days Days prior, Teena had reported to police that Lotter and his accomplice Tom Nissen had beat and raped him upon discovering he was transgender.
Raymond Mata Murdered and dismembered his ex-girlfriend's son. 22 years, 117 days
Marco Torres Shot two men, with one of the victims also being strangled and bound. 12 years, 240 days
Aubrey Clifton Trail Killed and dismembered 24-year-old Sydney Loofe. 1 year, 109 days His accomplice, Bailey Boswell, was sentenced to life in prison.


  • On death row: 64[68]
  • Total number executed: 71 (1863-2006)+[69]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
James Biela Kidnap, rape and murder of Brianna Denison. 12 years, 122 days
Zane Floyd Shot four employees during a mass shooting in a supermarket. 22 years, 76 days
David Stephen Middleton Kidnapping, rape, torture and murders of Thelma Davila and Katherine Powell in 1994 and 1995, respectively. 25 years, 8 days An ex-police officer with the Miami-Dade Police Department, Middleton is a suspect in a third murder committed in Colorado in 1993 and rapes done during his tenure with the Miami-Dade PD.

New Hampshire[edit]

  • On death row: 1 (2014)
  • Total number executed: 24 (1700–1939)[18]

Note: On May 30, 2019, the state Senate voted to override Governor Chris Sununu's veto on a bill that abolished the state's death penalty 16–8. Since the veto had previously been overridden by the state House of Representatives, the bill immediately became law and repealed capital punishment, replacing it with life in prison without the possibility of parole. The law was not applied retroactively and the one person on death row at the time of abolition remains there.

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Michael Kiser Addison[70] Murder by shooting of on-duty police officer Michael Briggs on October 16, 2006. 13 years, 282 days Only death row inmate in New Hampshire due to the subsequent abolition of capital punishment in the state.

North Carolina[edit]

  • On death row: 135[71]
  • Total number executed: 822 (1608–2006)[18]

Due to the high number of North Carolina death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Linwood Forte Murders of three elderly Goldsboro residents in their homes committed between May and October 1990 18 years, 353 days Also serving four consecutive life sentences for rapes related to the crimes. Additionally suspected of a murder in 1994, but never charged.
Terry Hyatt Kidnappings, rapes and murders of Harriet Simmons and Betty McConnell, committed four months apart in 1979 22 years, 231 days Also serving six life sentences for the same murders, and a seventh for a third murder committed in 1987.
Blanche Taylor Moore Poisoned her boyfriend with arsenic. 31 years, 251 days Moore has also been linked to the deaths of her father, mother in law, and first husband.
Henry Louis Wallace[72] Raped and killed nine women between 1990 and 1994. 25 years, 240 days Known also as "The Taco Bell Strangler". Wallace confessed to the murders of eleven women.
John Williams Jr. Raped and killed two women in 1996. 24 years, 206 days Williams was the believed prime suspect in multiple murders across the Raleigh area.


  • On death row: 130 (as of June 6, 2022)[73]
  • Total number executed: 483 (1700–2018)[18][28]

Due to the high number of Ohio death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
George Brinkman Killed a female friend, her two daughters, and an elderly couple who he was friends with in June 2017. 3 years, 272 days[74] First sentenced when he admitted to committing the Royalton murders, then sentenced again for the Lake Township murders.
Quisi Bryan Killed a Cleveland police officer during a traffic stop in 2000. 21 years, 211 days[75] Scheduled to be executed on January 7, 2026.
Shawn Grate Murdered five women from 2006 to 2016. 4 years, 117 days[76] An initial execution date was set upon conviction for September 13, 2018, but the execution was stayed due to a pending appeal to the Ohio Supreme Court.
Anthony Kirkland Raped, strangled and burned the bodies of four females between 2006 and 2009. 12 years, 178 days[77] Kirkland previously served sixteen years for the beating, choking and burning murder of his girlfriend. He was handed two death sentences, plus two sentences of seventy years to life.
Michael Madison Kidnapped, raped, strangled and mutilated three women in 2012 and 2013. 6 years, 105 days[78]
Gregory McKnight Murdered a woman and hid her body in his trailer in 2000. 19 years, 331 days[79] McKnight had previously served seven years in a juvenile detention center for shooting and killing a man in 1992. The body of a different man was also found on McKnight's property in 2000.
Austin Myers Orchestrated the murder of 18-year-old Justin Back. 7 years, 344 days[80] Mosley, who murdered Back, was sentenced to life in prison. Myers became the youngest inmate on death row in Ohio at the time of his sentence.
Donna Roberts Shot her ex-husband in order to collect his life insurance. 19 years, 92 days[81] Roberts is the only woman on Ohio's death row.
William Sapp Murdered three women and girls from 1992 to 1993. 22 years, 340 days[82]
Raymond A. Twyford III Murdered the man he suspected of raping his girlfriend's daughter. 29 years, 167 days[83]
Christopher Whitaker Kidnapped, raped, tortured and murdered 14-year-old Alianna DeFreeze. 4 years, 182 days[84]
James D. Worley Abducted and murdered 20-year-old Sierah Joughin. 4 years, 160 days[85] The murder prompted the creation of Ohio Senate Bill 231 'Sierah's Law', a statute that provides for a searchable database of convicted violent felons living in the state.


  • On death row: 42 (As of August 26, 2022)[86]
  • Total number executed: 235 (1800–2022)[18]

Due to the high number of Oklahoma death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Richard Glossip Commissioning the murder of Barry Van Treese. 24 years, 117 days (first sentence; overturned)
18 years, 30 days (second sentence)
Justin Sneed, the man who murdered Van Treese, agreed to plead guilty and testified against Glossip, so that he received a sentence of life without parole.
The case is controversial as Sneed was at the time a methamphetamine addict and possibly a mythomaniac.
Scheduled to be executed on December 8, 2022.
Raymond Eugene Johnson Fatal beating and arson deaths of his ex-girlfriend, 24-year-old Brooke Whitaker, and her 7-month-old daughter, Kya. 13 years, 92 days At the time of the crimes, he was on parole from a 20-year sentence for manslaughter.
Scheduled to be executed on May 2, 2024.
Alton Alexander Nolen Attacked two Vaughan Foods employees, beheading one and critically wounding the other. 4 years, 285 days The attack followed a well-publicized series of beheadings carried out by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
William Lewis Reece Rape and murder of 19-year-old Tiffany Johnston. 1 year, 38 days Reece, a convicted kidnapper, was connected to her murder in 2015 on the basis of DNA evidence. He later confessed to three unrelated murders connected to the Texas Killing Fields, to which he pleaded guilty and was sentenced to life imprisonment.
Kevin Ray Underwood Murder of 10-year-old Jamie Rose Bolin. 14 years, 176 days Scheduled to be executed on December 7, 2023.


  • On death row: 35 (April 17, 2019)[87]
  • Total number executed: 124 (1800–1997)[18]

Due to the high number of Oregon death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Randy Lee Guzek Murdered Rod and Lois Houser during a burglary. 12 years, 101 days Mark Wilson, accomplice who shot Rod and Donald Cathey, who was also involved in the robbery, are serving life sentences. Guzek has had three death sentences overturned.
Gary Haugen Murder of fellow prison inmate, David Polin. 10 years, 312 days[88] Haugen was serving a previous life sentence for murder of Mary Archer, his former girlfriend's mother.
Oregon Governor John Kitzhaber placed a moratorium on all executions for the duration of his term,[89] which upset Haugen's victims and Haugen himself.[90][91][92] It is estimated that Haugen's case cost Oregon taxpayers over $1.2 million.[93]
Christian Longo Stabbed his wife and smothered his three children. 19 years, 163 days
Dayton Leroy Rogers Murder of six women in Molalla, Oregon. 6 years, 314 days Rogers had been sentenced to death three times, but the Oregon Supreme Court vacated each one of the verdicts until he was sentenced to die for a fourth time in November 2015. He was dubbed the "Molalla Forest Murderer".
Bruce Turnidge Woodburn bank bombing which killed Oregon State Trooper Bill Hakim and Woodburn Police Captain Tom Tennant. 11 years, 278 days[94] Woodburn Police Chief Scott Russell had been severely injured and lost a leg to the blast. He required twenty-nine surgeries but was able to return to work after receiving a prosthetic leg.
Joshua Turnidge


  • On death row: 105 (July 1, 2022)[95]
  • Total number executed: 1043 (1608–1999)[18]

Owing to the high number of Pennsylvania death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
George Banks Killed thirteen and wounded other in 1982. 39 years, 96 days On May 12, 2010, Banks was declared incompetent to be executed.
Richard Baumhammers Racially motivated crime spree on April 28, 2000, in Pittsburgh, killing five and paralyzing one. 21 years, 138 days Baumhammers was given five death sentences plus 112 years.
Arthur Jerome Bomar Jr. Murder of Aimee Willard by beating her to death. 23 years, 296 days Bomar is also suspected to have murdered Maria Cabuenos to steal her car, since he had thrown out his own at a junkyard. Willard's DNA was found on the latter, which pointed out Bomar's culpability.
John Eichinger Stabbing murders of Heather Greaves, her sister Lisa and her daughter Avery at their home in King of Prussia on March 25, 2005. 16 years, 288 days Eichinger is also serving a life sentence for the murder of Jennifer Still, who was murdered under similar circumstances at her house in Bridgeport in 1999.
Eric Frein State police attack and manhunt — September 2014. 5 years, 144 days
Melvin Knight Tortured and murdered mentally disabled Jennifer Daugherty. 10 years, 27 days The other four members of The Greensburg Six received long prison sentences, ranging from thirty years to life without parole. Knight appealed his sentence, but on November 15, 2018, his appeal was denied.
Ricky Smyrnes 9 years, 210 days Smyrnes appealed the death sentence, and his execution was delayed in July 2017.
Richard Andrew Poplawski Shot and killed three Pittsburgh police officers on April 4, 2009. 11 years, 90 days
Harvey Miguel Robinson Rape and murder of 47-year-old Jessica Jean Fortney 27 years, 301 days Initially sentenced to death for three murders, but the death sentences for the first two murders were later changed to life sentences.
Christopher Roney First-degree murder for the shooting death of police officer Lauretha Vaird. 25 years, 287 days

South Carolina[edit]

  • On death row: 35[96]
  • Total number executed: 683 (1700–2011)[18]

Due to the high number of South Carolina death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Quincy Allen Killed four people between July and August 2002. 17 years, 189 days
Steven Bixby Shot and killed Abbeville County Deputy Sheriff Sgt. Daniel Wilson and State Constable Donald Ouzts. 15 years, 217 days Rita Bixby, Steven's mother, was given two life sentences, while his father, Arthur Bixby, was found mentally incompetent to stand trial and committed to a mental facility.
Timothy Jones Jr. Murdered his five children in Lexington County. 3 years, 105 days He disposed of their bodies in Alabama before later admitting to the crime.
Richard Bernard Moore Shot and killed a convenience store clerk during a robbery. 20 years, 339 days
Stephen Stanko Murdered his girlfriend Laura Ling, and library patron Henry Lee Turner. 16 years, 39 days He also raped and violently assaulted Ling's daughter, who survived the attack.
James William Wilson Jr. Shot dead two 8-year-old students and wounded another seven, a teacher and a gym coach. 33 years, 138 days

South Dakota[edit]

  • On death row: 1[97]
  • Total number executed: 20 (1877-2019)[97]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Briley Piper Torture and murder of Chester Allan Poage. 21 years, 250 days (first sentence; overturned)
11 years, 58 days (second sentence)[98]
Piper committed the crime along with Elijah Page and Darrell Hoadley. Page was sentenced to death and executed in 2007, becoming the first person executed in South Dakota in over sixty years. Hoadley was sentenced to life in prison.


  • On death row: 47[99]
  • Total number executed: 134

Due to the high number of Tennessee death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Lemaricus Davidson Raped, tortured, and murdered Channon Christian and Christopher Newsom. 12 years, 331 days Davidson's four accomplices were also sentenced but only Davidson received a death sentence.
Jessie Dotson Shot his brother, brother's girlfriend and two other adults, and fatally stabbed his nephews, aged 4 and 2. 11 years, 349 days Three other children were found seriously injured at the house. Dotson received six death sentences for the crime.
Henry Lee Jones Stabbed and strangled an elderly couple at their home in Bartlett on August 22, 2003, ultimately slitting their throats. 13 years, 130 days Jones was also sentenced to death in Florida for a similar murder committed just days after these murders, and is suspected of yet another killing in that state. His original death sentence was overturned, but he was found guilty in a second trial in 2015.[100]
Donald Ray Middlebrooks Tortured and murdered 14-year-old Kerrick Majors. 33 years, 4 days Middlebrooks was scheduled to be executed on December 8, 2022. His execution was later suspended due to an oversight in the preparation for lethal injection in another execution.
Christa Pike Murdered Job Corps student Colleen Slemmer by crushing her skull with asphalt. 26 years, 180 days Two of Pike's accomplices were also sentenced; Tadaryl Shipp was given life without parole plus 25 years, while Shadolla Peterson was sentenced to probation after testifying against her. In 2001, Pike and Natasha Cornett attempted to strangle fellow inmate Patricia Jones with a shoestring; Jones survived.
Oscar Franklin Smith Killed his estranged wife and her two sons. 32 years, 62 days Smith was scheduled to be executed on April 21, 2022. However, his execution was reprieved by Governor Bill Lee due to an oversight in the preparation for lethal injection. Smith is the oldest death row inmate in Tennessee.


  • On death row: 198[101]
  • Total number executed: 1,329 (1800–2022)[18]

Due to the high number of Texas death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages or part of a criminal enterprise with a separate Wikipedia page are listed in this article. The full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Donald Bess Rape and murder of 20-year-old Angela Samota. 11 years, 364 days The murder occurred in 1984 and went unsolved until the 2000s. DNA evidence surfaced and charges were brought against Bess, who was subsequently convicted and sentenced to death.
Arthur Brown Jr. Mass murder of four people at a residence in Houston. 28 years, 88 days Scheduled to be executed on March 9, 2023. Brown's accomplice, Marion Dudley, was executed for his role in the crime in 2006.
Eugene Broxton Shot newlyweds Waylon and Sheila Dockens during a robbery of their motel room in Channelview, killing Sheila. 30 years, 8 days Broxton is also the prime suspect for a series of robbery-murders in Houston between March and May 1991, for which he has never been charged.
Linda Carty Abduction and murder of 25-year-old Joana Rodriguez to steal her newborn son. 20 years, 203 days Prosecutors alleged that Carty orchestrated the crime, which was committed by three masked men who abducted Rodriguez and her son. Rodriguez was later found dead in the trunk of a car. Her 3-day-old son was rescued from a car parked nearby. The other three men were arrested, but only Carty was prosecuted for capital murder.
Carty claims she was framed by drug dealers in response to her work as an informant and has appealed her conviction. Her appeals have been unsuccessful and the appeal procedure has been exhausted. Barring the granting of clemency, she stands to become the first female British national to be executed since Ruth Ellis in 1955, and the first British black woman executed in more than a century.
Raul Cortez Shot dead Rosa Barbosa, her nephew and two of his friends. 13 years, 234 days Eddie Williams is serving 20 years, and Javier Cortez, Raul's brother, was sentenced to four years in prison.
Edgardo Rafael Cubas Murdered two women and a 15-year-old girl, who had been kidnapped and raped. 18 years, 111 days Eduardo Navarro, an accomplice, was 15 at the time of the crimes but was tried as an adult.
Walter Alexander Sorto 18 years, 289 days
William George Davis Murdered four patients at a hospital in Tyler from 2017 to 2018. 332 days
Michael Dean Gonzales Robbed and murdered his elderly neighbors in Odessa, Texas. 26 years, 288 days
Randy Halprin Murder of Irving police officer Aubrey Hawkins during a robbery. 19 years, 106 days
Ronald Lee Haskell Murdered his ex-wife's sister, her husband and four of their children in Harris County. 2 years, 345 days Cassidy Stay was the lone survivor. She was shot, but played dead and informed police about Haskell.
Brittany Holberg Robbed and murdered 80-year-old A. B. Towery Sr. in his home. 24 years, 183 days The victim was struck with a hammer and stabbed nearly sixty times. The weapons used were a paring knife, a butcher knife, a grapefruit knife, and a fork. A lamp pole had been shoved more than five inches down the victim's throat.
Ali Irsan 2012 killings of his son-in-law, Coty Beavers, and Gelareh Bagherzadeh, a friend of his daughter. 4 years, 37 days
Willie Roy Jenkins Sexual assault and murder of 20-year-old Sheryl Norris at her apartment in San Marcos. 9 years, 104 days Jenkins, who was detained at a mental hospital in California for four rapes committed during the 1970s, was linked to the crime via DNA. He is also a suspect in three additional murders committed from 1975 to 1977, but has not been charged.
Melissa Lucio Murder of her daughter. 14 years, 45 days Lucio was the first woman of Hispanic descent in Texas to be sentenced to death. A problematic conviction and rejected appeals led to her case being covered in the 2020 documentary The State of Texas vs. Melissa.
Otis McKane Shooting of Benjamin Marconi. 1 year, 50 days
Patrick Murphy Murder of Irving police officer Aubrey Hawkins during a robbery. 18 years, 310 days Murphy was the last member of the Texas Seven to be brought to trial, convicted, and sentenced to death.
Scott Panetti Murder of his father-in-law and mother-in-law. 27 years, 1 day Panetti had an extensive history of psychiatric hospitalization and was a diagnosed schizophrenic.
John Henry Ramirez Robbed and killed a convenience store clerk in Corpus Christi. 13 years, 225 days Scheduled to be executed on October 5, 2022.
Rodney Reed Abduction, rape, and murder of 19-year-old Stacie Stites. 24 years, 120 days
David Santiago Renteria Kidnapped and strangled 5-year-old Alexandra Flores. 18 years, 310 days (first sentence)
14 years, 151 days (second sentence)
Renteria was a convicted sex offender on probation at the time of Flores's murder.
Darlie Routier Murder of her two sons in 1996. 25 years, 233 days Routier's case has attracted the attention of wrongful conviction advocacy groups in recent years. She is in the process of raising funds to test evidence found at the scene for DNA.[102][103]
Víctor Saldaño Kidnapped and shot dead Paul Ray King. 26 years, 14 days Saldaño is the sole Argentine on death row in the United States. Jorge Chávez, his co-defendant, is serving life imprisonment.
Hank Skinner Bludgeoned his girlfriend with an ax handle, then stabbed her two sons. 27 years, 179 days
Andre Thomas Murdered his estranged wife, 4-year-old son, and 13-month-old daughter on March 27, 2004. 17 years, 148 days Residing in a psychiatric unit because of doubts about his mental health, since he removed his right eye on April 1, 2004, and then removed and consumed his left eye on December 9, 2008.
Charles Victor Thompson Murdered his girlfriend Dennise Hayslip and her lover, Darren Cain. 23 years, 144 days Thompson alleges that his death penalty conviction is unjust, stating he acted in self-defense as he had been shot by Cain. The killings could be viewed as a crime of passion which would exclude the capital murder sentence. He also alleges that Hayslip died a week later due to medical malpractice, and not the actual shooting.
He made headlines in 2005 by escaping from Harris County Jail in Houston after a parole meeting using a forged ID badge, and he was captured three days later.
Gustavo Tijerina Sandoval Shot United States Border Patrol agent Javier Vega Jr. 4 years, 113 days Ismael Hernandez Vallejo was given a fifty-year prison sentence. Both men were undocumented Mexican citizens.
Lucky Ward Strangled two people in September 2010 in Houston, during separate incidents 2 years, 197 days Ward is considered the prime suspect in a series of at least four similar murders dating back to 1985, but was not charged with them due to lack of sufficient evidence for a conviction.
Faryion Wardrip Raped and murdered five women in the 1980s. 22 years, 321 days Wardrip was sentenced to 35 years in prison in 1986. He was released on December 11, 1997, but was sentenced to death on November 9, 1999, after he confessed to murdering Terry Sims. In December 2014, Wardrip's appeal was dismissed by the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals.
Garcia Glen White Stabbing murders of 38-year-old Bonita Edwards and her two daughters, 16-year-old Bernette and Annette, at their apartment in Houston. The two girls were also sexually assaulted. 26 years, 13 days White has been linked to two unrelated murders, but has not been charged with them. He and his attorneys contend that a second unnamed accomplice was present at the scene, but this individual is yet to be located.
Eric Lyle Williams Shot and killed three people in Kaufman County, including Criminal District Attorney Michael McLelland. 7 years, 282 days Williams's wife and accomplice, Kimberly Irene Williams, was tried separately, and sentenced to 40 years in prison.
David Leonard Wood Rapes and murders of six women in El Paso from May to August 1987, whose bodies were later found buried in the desert 29 years, 255 days Wood is also a suspect in the disappearances of three other young girls and women. He has denied responsibility for the crimes and has repeatedly attempted to have his sentence overturned, but so far has been unsuccessful.
Jeffery Lee Wood Fatally shot gas station clerk Kris Keeran. 24 years, 207 days On January 2, 1996, Wood and Daniel Earl Reneau attempted to rob a Kerrville gas station. While Wood waited outside, Reneau shot Keeran because he refused to respond to his demands. Jeff Wood's death row conviction has been regarded as controversial, as he was not present when Reneau shot Keeran. Reneau was executed on June 13, 2002.


Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Michael Anthony Archuleta[104] Rape, torture and murder of a Cedar City man on November 21, 1988. 32 years, 279 days Was assigned lethal injection as his method of execution.[104]
Douglas Stewart Carter[104] Stabbed and shot an elderly woman during a burglary of her Provo home on February 27, 1985. 36 years, 273 days Was assigned lethal injection as his method of execution.
Taberone Dave Honie[104] Rape and murder of his ex-girlfriend's mother on July 9, 1998. 23 years, 129 days Has selected firing squad as his method of execution.[106]
Troy Kell[104] Stabbed an inmate 67 times on July 6, 1994. 26 years, 49 days At the time, Kell was serving a life sentence in Nevada for the 1986 murder of 21-year-old James "Cotton" Kelly, who had been stalking 15-year-old Sandy Shaw, a long-time friend of Kell's. Has selected firing squad as his method of execution.[106]
Douglas Anderson Lovell Aggravated kidnapping and murder of Joyce Yost, in order to prevent her from testifying against him in a rape case. 29 years, 52 days (first sentence)
7 years, 178 days (second sentence)
Lovell was originally sentenced to death for Yost's murder in 1993, but on appeal was allowed to withdraw his guilty plea and was granted a new trial. He was again convicted of the murder and sentenced to death in 2015.[107]
Ralph Leroy Menzies[104] Kidnapped and strangled a female gas station attendant in Kearns on February 23, 1986. 34 years, 187 days Has selected firing squad as his method of execution.[106]
Von Lester Taylor[104] Shooting of Kay Tiede and her mother Beth Potts near Beaver Springs, Summit County. 31 years, 125 days Edward Deli, his co-defendant, was sentenced to life in prison. They also shot Tiede's husband, who survived, and attempted to set him on fire. Later they kidnapped their two daughters. Has selected lethal injection as his method of execution.


  • On death row: 0[108]
  • Total number executed: 23 (1866–1992)

Jurisdictions without the death penalty[edit]

Twenty-three states have abolished capital punishment. Crimes committed in these states are still eligible for the death penalty if they are convicted in federal court for certain federal crimes. Capital punishment has been abolished in New Hampshire, but only for new sentences. One prisoner (Michael Addison) who was already sentenced to death remains on death row in the state.

States and the date of abolition of capital punishment:

  1. Michigan (1846; abolished for murder, retained for treason until 1963)
  2. Wisconsin (1853)
  3. Maine (1887)
  4. Minnesota (1911)
  5. Hawaii (1948; prior to statehood)
  6. Alaska (1957; prior to statehood)
  7. Vermont (1964; abolished for murder, retained for treason until 1972)
  8. Iowa (1965)
  9. West Virginia (1965)
  10. North Dakota (1973)
  11. Massachusetts (1984)
  12. Rhode Island (1984)
  13. New Jersey (2007)
  14. New York (2007)
  15. New Mexico (2009)
  16. Illinois (2011)
  17. Connecticut (2012)
  18. Maryland (2013)
  19. Delaware (2016)
  20. Washington (2018)
  21. New Hampshire (2019)
  22. Colorado (2020)
  23. Virginia (2021)


  1. Puerto Rico (1929)[109]
  2. Northern Mariana Islands (before 1970; prior to Commonwealth status) [110]
  3. Guam (1978) [110]
  4. Washington, D.C. (1981)
  5. United States Virgin Islands (1991)

See also[edit]


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External links[edit]