List of deceased Maraji

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This article provides the list of deceased Maraji (plural of Marja, the supreme legal authority or the source of emulation), both current and deceased, followed by Twelver (also known as Imamiyyah) Shia Muslims around the world. The concept of a Marja-i Taqlid (lit. source of emulation) is central to Usuli Shi'a Islam.[1] Marja-i Taqlids provide religious interpretations on matters of law and rituals. Among the functions of Marja-i Taqlids is the collection and distribution of religious taxes (zakat and khums).

Deceased[edit]

Note: The names are ordered by date of death (descending) as an arbitrary standard.

Till 350 AH/960 CE[edit]

Following are ulema (who may or may not be considered maraji) who have spent their major life spans before 350 AH/960 CE:

S No
Image
Name
Year of Birth[2]
CE
AH
Year of Death[2]
CE
AH
Birth
Education
Death
Website
Notes
1 - Aban -
Abu Sa'id Aban ibn Taghlib ibn Rubah al-Bakri al-Jurairi al-Kindi al-Rabie al-Kufi
-
-
-
758
141
Iraq Iraq Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Biography ,[3][4]
2 - Abu Baseer -
Yehya Bin al-Qasim al-Hadhdha’
-
-
-
-
150
- - - Biography [5]
3 - Ibn Muslim -
Mohammad bin Muslim
-
-
-
-
-
- - - Biography [6]
4 - Zakariya Qummi -
Zakariya bin Adam-e-Qummi
-
-
-
-
-
- - - - ,[7][8]
5 - Yunus -
Yunus bin Abdul-Rahman
-
-
-
825-826
210
- - - - ,[9][10]
6 - Safwan -
Abu Muhammad Safwan ibn Yahya al Bajali Bayya' al-Sabiri
-
-
-
-
-
- - - - ,[10][11][12]
7 - Abu Umayr -
Muhammad bin Abu-Umayr
-
-
-
-
-
- - - - [10]
8 - Mughirah -
Abdullah bin al-Mughirah
-
-
-
-
-
- - - - [10]
9 - Ali al-Uraidhi - علي العريضي
Abu Hasan Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq
-
757-
140-
835+
220+
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Biography -
10 - Rad -
al-Hassan bin Mahboob al-Rad (or al‑Sarrad or al‑Zarrad) al‑Kufi
-
-
-
839
224
- - - - ,[10][13][14][15]
11 - Abi-Nasr -
Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Abi-Nasr
-
-
-
-
-
- - - - [10]
12 - Uthman al-Amri -
Uthman ibn Sa’id al-Asadi
-
-
-
-
267-
- - - - [16]
13 - Abū Is’hāq -
Abū Is’hāq Ibrāhīm ibn Muhammad ibn Sa’eed ibn Hilāl Thaqafī Isfahānī
-
-
-
896+
283
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Biography -
14 - Ahwāzī -
Abū Muhammad Husein ibn Sa’īd ibn Hamād ibn Mehrān Ahwāzī
-
-
896+
283+
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Biography [17]
15 - Mohammad al-Amri -
Mohammad bin Saeed al-Amri
-
-
-
-
305
- - - - [18]
16 - Ummani -
al-Hasan ibn 'Ali ibn Abi `Aqil al-`Ummani
-
-
-
941
329
- - - - ,[19][20][21][22]
17 - Qummi - قمي'
Ali ibn Babawayh al-Qummi
علي بن القمي
-
-
941
329
- - - - [19]
18 - Kulayni - الكليني
Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni
محمد بن يعقوب الكليني
864
250
941
329
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography 1, Biography 2 [19]
19 - Iskāfī -
Abū Alī Muhammad ibn Humām ibn Suhail Iskāfī
-
872
258
947
336
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography -

351 AH/961 CE to 1200 AH/1785 CE[edit]

Following are ulema who have spent their major life span between 350 AH/961 CE & 1200 AH/1785 CE:

S No
Image
Name
Year of Birth[2]
CE
AH
Year of Death[2]
CE
AH
Birth
Education
Death
Website
Notes
1 - Ibn-e Qūliwayh -
Sheikh Abul-Qāsim Ja’far ibn Muhammad son of Ja’far ibn Mūsā ibn Masrūr ibn Qūliwayh-e Qummī
-
-
-
0977
367
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography -
2 - Ayyashi - عياشي
Ayyashi al-Samarqandi
عياشي السمرقندي
-
-
0978
368
- - - - [19]
3 - Abū Ghālib Zurārī
Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Suleimān ibn Hasan ibn Jahm ibn Bukair ibn A’yun Shaybānī Kūfī Baghdadi
-
898
285
0978
368
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography -
4 - Iskafi -
Ibn Junayd al-Iskafi
-
-
-
0991
381
- - - - [19]
5 - Shaykh Saduq - شيخ صدوق
Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Babawayh al-Qummi
أبو جعفر محمد ابن علي ابن بابويه القمي
918
305
0993
383
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran - -
6 - Saheb, Al Kafat - صاحب
Ismail ibne Ibad
صاحب بن عباد
-
-
0993
383
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography [19]
7 - Al-Sharif al-Radi or Razi - الرضي
Sayyid al-Razi
الشريف الرضي
970
359
1015
406
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq - [19]
8 - Shaykh Mufid - شيخ مفيد
Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Nu'man al-'Ukbari al-Baghdadi
أبو عبد الله محمد بن محمد بن النعمان البغدادي
948
336
1022
413
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq - [19]
9 Ibn Sīnā - ابن سینا
Abū ‘Alī al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Abd Allāh ibn Sīnā
-
980
Safar 370
1037
4 Ramadan 428
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography -
10 - Sayyid Murtadhā - سيد مرتضى
Abu al-Qāsim ‘Alī ibn Husayn al-Syyid al-Murtadhā Alam al-Huda
أبو القاسم علي بن الحسين السيد المرتضى علم الهدى
965
355
1044
436
- - - - ,[19][23]
11 - Halabi - حلبي
Abu al-Salah al-Halabi
أبو الصلاح الحلبي
-
-
1055
447
- - - - [19]
12 - Najjashi - النجاشي
Ahmad ibn Ali al-Najjashi
احمد بن علي النجاشي
-
-
1058
450
- - - [19]
13 - Shaykh Tusi - شیخ طوسی
Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Hasan Tusi
ابوجعفر محمد بن حسن طوسی
995
385
1068
460
- - - [19]
14 - Ibn Barraj - بن براج
Qazi Abdul-Aziz al-Halabi
قاضي عبد العزيز الحلبي
-
-
1088
481
- - - [19]
15 - Hākim Haskāni, Ibn-e-Haddād -
Qāzi Hākim AbulQāsīm Ubeidullāh Ibn Abdullāh Ibn Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Haskāni Qurashī Āmirī Neishābūrī
-
-
1097
490
- - - Biography -
16 - Allamah Tabarsi - العلامة الطبرسي
Amin al-Islam Abu Ali Fadal ibn Hassan ibn al-Fadl al-Tabarsi
أمين الإسلام الطبرسي
1074
468
1153
548
- - - Biography [19]
17 - Rawandi
Qutubuddin Rawandi
-
-
-
1177
573
- - - - [19]
18 - Ibne Ashob
Ibne Shahr Ashob
-
-
-
1177
588
- - - - [19]
19 - Hilli
Muhammad Ibn Idrees Hilli
-
1148
543
1202
598
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography [19]
20 - KASHMIRI
Sayyed Hussain Qummi
Iran Iran Iran Iran India India [19]
21 - Muntajabuddīn
Muntajabuddīn Alī Ibn Ubaidullāh Ibn Hasan Ibn Bābiwayh Qummī
-
-
504
1204
600
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography -
21 - Ibn Taoos
Syed Razi Al Deen Abul Qasim Ali Ibn Moosa Ibn Jafar Ibn Taoos
-
-
5 Moharrum 579
1266
664
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography [19]
22 - Nasiruddin Toosi
Khwajah Nasiruddin Toosi
-
-
597
1274
673
- - - - ,[19][23]
23 - Ghayas ud Deen
Syed Abd al Karim Ibn Jamal ud Deen Ahmed Ibn Moosa Ibn Jafar ibn Taoos
-
1250
648
1294
693
- - - Biography -
24 - Mohaqiq Hilli
Jafar ibne Yahya ibn Hasan ibne Saeed
-
1204
602
1277
676
- - - Biography -
25 - Irbeli
Abul Hasan Ali ibne Isā ibne Abulfath Irbeli
-
-
-
1294
693
- - - Biography -
26 - Allamah Hilli
Abu Mafsoor Hasan ibn Yusuf ibne Ali ibn Mazaher
-
1250
19 Ramadan 648
1326
11 Muharram 726
- - - Biography [19][23]
27 - Mahaqqeqeen Hilli
Fakhrul Mahaqqeqeen Hilli
-
-
-
1368
771
- - - - [19]
28 - Shaheed Awwal
Abu Abd Allah Shams ud Deen Mohammed ibn Jamal ud Deen Makki
-
1334
734
1384
786
Lebanon Lebanon Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Syria Syria - [19]
29 - Miqdad
Fazil Miqdad
-
-
-
1423
826
- - - - [19] -
30 - Asadi
Ahmed bin Fahd Hilli Asadi
-
-
757
1437
841
- - - Biography [19]
31 - Bayādhi
Ali bin Yūnus Nabāti Bayādhi
-
1402
804
1472
877
- - - - -
32 - Kaf’ami
Taqiyuddin Ibrahim Kaf’ami
-
-
-
1500
905
- - - - [19]
33 - Muhaqqiq al-Karaki
Nuraddin Ali ibn Abdul-Aal al-Karki
-
-
870
1533
940
- - - - [23]
34 - Shaheed Saani
Jamal ud Deen ibn Noor ud Deen Ali ibn Fazil Ahmed ibn jamal ud Deen ibn Taqi ibn Mohammed Saleh
-
1505
911
1559
966
Lebanon Lebanon Iraq Iraq Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia - [19]
35 - Muqaddas Ardebili
Mohammed ibn Ahmed Ardebili
-
-
-
1585
Safar 993
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography [19]
36 - Shaheed Salis
Qazi Nurullah Shustari
-
1549
956
1610
1019
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq India India - [19]
37 - Shaykh Bahai
Mohammed bin Hasan al Harthi Jeehi Amili Bahai
-
1546
17 Moharram 953
1622
12 Shawwal 1031
Lebanon Lebanon Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography [19]
38 - Mulla Sadra
-

1640
1050
- - - - [19]
39 - Allameh Majlisi Awwal
Mohammad Taqi Majlisi
-
-
-
1660
1070
- - - - [19]
40 - Mulla Mazandarani
Saleh Mazandarani
-
-
-
1670
1081
- - - - [19]
41 - Muhaqqiq Sabzwari
Muhammad Baqir Sabzwari
-
-
-
1679
1090
- - - - [24]
42 - Mulla Faiz Kashani
Mohammed Mohsin Faiz Kashani
-
1599
1007
1680
1091
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography [19]
43 - Muhaqqiq Khwansari
Husain Khwansari
-
-
-
1687
1098
- - - - [24]
44 - Shaykh Ameli
Shaykh Hurr Ameli
-
-
8 Rajab 1033
1693
21 Ramadan 1104
- - - Biography [19]
45 - Allamah Bahrani
Sayyed Hashim Bahrani
-
-
-
1696
1107
- - - - [19]
46 Portrait of Allamah Majlisi.jpg Allamah Majlisi Sani
Mohammad Baqir Majlisi
-
1628
1037
1699
1111
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography [19]
47 - Jazaeri
Sayyed Ne’matullah Jazaeri
-
-
-
1700
1112
- - - - [19]
48 - Aqa Khunsari
Jamaluddin Mohammad Khunsari
-
-
-
1713
1125
- - - - [19]
49 - Mirza Afandi
Mirza Abdullah Isfahani Afandi
-
-
-
1718
1130
- - - - [19][25]
50 - 'Fazil-e-Hindi
Muhammad Bahauddin Fazil bin Hasan bin Muhammad Isfahani
-
-
1062
1725
1137
- - - Biography ,[19][24]
51 - Sahib Hadaeq
Yusuf bin Ahmed
-
-
-
1772
1186
- - - - [19]
52 - Wahid Al-Bihbahani
Muhammad Baqir bin Muhammad Akmal
-
-
1118
1793
1207
- - - - ,[19][23]
53 - Mulla Naraqi
Mohammad Mahdee Naraqi
-
1716
1128
1794
1209
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography [19]
54 - Allamah Bahrul Uloom
Sayyed Mohammad Mahdi Bahrul Uloom
-
1742
Shawwal 1155
1797
1212
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography [19]

Between 1201 AH/1786 CE & 1300 AH/1883 CE[edit]

Following are ulema (who may or may not be considered maraji) who have spent their major life span after 1201 AH/1785 CE & 1300 AH/1883 CE:

S No
Image
Name
Year of Birth Year of Death Birth
Education
Death
Website
Notes
1 - Ayatullah Ameli
Sayyed Jawad Husainee Ameli

1811
1226
- [19]
2 - Ayatullah Kashifal Ghita
Shaikh Ja’far Kashifal Ghita

1813
1228
- [26]
3 - Mirzaye Qummi


1815
1231
[19]
4 - Tabatabai
Sayyed Ali Tabatabai

1816
1231
[19]
4a - Ghufraan Ma'ab - غفران ماب
Syed Dildar Ali Naqvi Naseerabadi
سيد دلدار على نصيرابادى
1753
17 Rabi-us-sani 1166
3 May 1820
19 Rajab-ul-Murajjab1235
India India India India - Iran Iran - Iraq Iraq India India Biography 1, Biography 2 -
5 - Mulla Naraqi
Ahmad Naraqi
1771
1185
1826+
1241+
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography -
6 - Ayatullah Mujahid
Sayyed Mohammad Mujahid

1827
1242
[19]
7 - Shabbar
Sayyed Abdullah Shabbar

1827
1242
[19]
8 - Mirza Mujtahid
Mirza Maseeh Mujtahid

1830
1245
[19]
9 - Shafti
Sayyed Mohammad Baqir Shafti

1844
1260
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Biography [19]
10 - Mulla Barghani
Mohammad Taqi Barghani

1848
1264
[19]
11 - Shaikh Saheb Jawahir
Mohammad Hasan

1850
1266
[19]
12 - Aalam-ul-ulama
Sayyed Sibt-e-Hussain

1868
1952
13 MollaHadiSabzvari.jpg Mulla Sabzewari
Hadi Sabzewari

1872
1289
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran [19]
14 - Shaikh Ansari
Murtaza bin Muhammad Amin Ansari
-
1799
1214
1880
1298
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography [19]
15 - Mulla Keni
Ali Keni

1889
1306
[19]
16 - Meer Husain
Meer Hamid Husain

1889
1306
[19]
17 - Mulla Hamadani
Husain Quli Hamadani

1893
1311
[19]
18 Ayatollah Shirzai.jpg Mirzaye Shirazi
Sayyed Mohammad Hassan Shirazi

1894
1312
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [19]
19 - Mirza Rashti
Mirza Habibullah Rashti

1894
1312
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [19]
20 - Abul Hasan Kaskmiri
Allama Abul Hasan Rizvi Kashmiri Lucknowi


1313
India India India India-Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [19]
21 Jelve.gif Mirza Jilweh
Mirza Abul Hasan Jilweh

1896
1314
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran [19]
22 Sayyid Dschamāl ad-Dīn al-Afghānī.jpg Allamah Assadabadi
Sayyed Jamaluddin Assadabadi

1896
1314
[19]

Between 1301 AH/1884 CE to 1400 AH/1980 CE[edit]

Following are ulema (who may or may not be considered maraji) who have spent their major life span after 1301 AH/1884 CE to 1400 AH/1980 CE:

S No
Image
Name
Year of Birth Year of Death Birth
Education
Death
Website
Notes
1 - Sadr al-Din
Sadr al-Din bin Saleh
-
-
-
-
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq -
2 - Khalkhali Ardabaili
Syed Murtaza Khalkhali Ardabaili
-
-
-
1317
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [27][28] -
3 Mirza Hassan Ashtiani.jpg Mirza Ashtiyani
Mirza Mohammad Hasan Ashtiyani

1900
1318
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran [19]
4 - Muhaddis Noori
Mirza hussain Noori ibn e Mohammed Taqi Noori Tabrisi
1838
1254
1902
1320
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography [19]
5 - Aqa Hamadani
Reza Hamadani

1904
1322
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [19]
6 - Najafi
Mohammad Taha Najafi
1825
1241
1905
1323
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [19]
7 - Kashmiri
Sayed Murtaza Kashmiri
1851
1268
1905
1323
India India [29]
8 Mohammad Behari.jpg Shaikh Behari
Mohammad Behari

1907
1325
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran [19]
9 Mirza Hossein Khalili Tahrani.jpg Mirza Khalili
Mirza Hossein Khalili
1815
1230
1908
1326
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [30]
10 Sheikh Fazlollah Noori.jpg Shaikh Noori
Fazlullah Noori
1843
1259
1909
1327
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran [19]
11 - Hakeem Qashqai
Jahangir Khan Qashqai
1827
1243
1910
1328
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran [19]
12 Abutaleb al-Zanjani.jpg Abutaleb Zanjani
Seyyed Mirza Abutaleb Zanjani
1843
1259
1911
1329
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran [31]
13 Kazem Khorasani.jpg Mulla Khurasani
Mohammad Kazim Khurasani
1839
1255
1911
1329
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [19]
14 - Tabrizi
Reza Tabrizi
1848
1265
1912
1331
-
15 - Karbala'i
Seyed Ahmad Tehrani Karbala'i

1913
1332
[32] -
16 Mohammad Baqer Behari.jpg Shaikh Behari
Mohammad Baqir Behari

1914
1333
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran [19]
17 Rashti
Mohammad Ali Rashti
1836
1252
1915
1334
-
18 Mohammad Kazem Tabataba'i Yazdi.jpg Ayatullah Yazdi
Sayyed Mohammad Kazim Tabatabai Yazdi

1918
1337
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [19]
19 Allamah Sadr
Sayyed Isma’il Sadr

1920
1338
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [19]
20 Mohammad Taqi Shirazi.jpg Mirza Shirazi
Mirza Mohammad Taqi Shirazi

1920
1338
[19]
21 - Sheikh ol-Shari'a Esfahani
Fat'hullah Namazi Shirazi
1849
1266
1921
1339
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [19]
22 Sharif Kashani.jpg Mulla Kashani
Habibullah Shareef Kashani

1922
1340
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran [19]
23 - Aqa Iraqi
Nuruddin Iraqi

1923
1341
[19]
24 - Durcheye
Sayyed Mohammad Baqir Durcheye

1924
1342
[19]
25 - Khalessi
Mohammad Mahdi Khalessi

1925
1343
[19]
26 - Aqa Tabrizi
Mirza Jawad Malelki Tabrizi
1875
1292
3 July 1925
11 Zilhijjah 1343
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Biography [19]
27 - Isfahani
Nurullah Isfahani

1927
1345
[19]
28 - Lari
Sayyed Abdul Husain Lari

1928
1346
[19]
29 Baqer ul Uloom
Mohammad Baqer Rizvi Lucknowi

1928
India India Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [19]
30 - Allamah Balaghi


1934
1352
[19]
31 - Dehkurdi
Sayyed Abul Qasim Dehkurdi

1934
1353
[19]
32 - Qazwini
Sayyed Moosa Zarabadi Qazwini

1934
1353
[19]
33 - Hasan al-Sadr
Sayyed Hasan Sadr

1935
1354
[19]
34 - Mirza Naini
Ayatollah Mirza Hussein Naini

1936
1355
[19]
35 - Shaikh Haeri
Abdul Kareem Haeri
1850
1274
1936
17 Zilqad 1355
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography [19]
36 - Shaheed Mudaress


1937
1355
[19]
37 - Muhaddis Qummi
Shaykh Abbas Ibne Muhammad Reza Abul Qasim Qummi

1290
1940
23 Zilahjj 1359
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography [19]
38 - Hasanali Isfahani
Shaykh Hasanali Isfahani Gharawi
1279
1862
1941
17 Sha’ban 1361
Iran Iran Iran Iran - Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Biography [19]
39 - Iraqi
Ziyauddin Iraqi

1942
1360
[19]
40 - Mufti Ash-Shia Ardbaili
Syed Muhammad Taqi Mufti Ash-Shia Ardbaili
-
-
-
1361
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [27] [33]
41 - Durcheye
Sayyed Mohammad Mahdi Durcheye

1945
1364
[19]
42 - Mirza Isfahani
Mahdi Isfahani

1946
1365
[19]
43 - Aqa Qummi
Husain Qummi

1946
1365
[19]
44 Isfahani
Sayyed Abul Hasan Isfahani
1860
1946
1365
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography [19]
45 - Shahabadi
Mohammad Ali Shahabadi
1875
1950
1368
[19]
46 - Shaikh Nahawandi
Ali Akbar Nahawandi

1950
1369
[19]
47 - Ayatullah Khunsari
Sayyed Mohammad Taqi Khunsari

1274
1951
1371
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Biography [19]
48 - Kabuli
Sardar Kabuli

1952
1371
Afghanistan Afghanistan [19]
49 السيد محسن الأمين.jpg Mohsin al-Ameen
Sayyed Mohsin Ameen

1952
1371
Lebanon Lebanon Iraq Iraq Lebanon Lebanon [19]
50 - Shaikh Kashif al-Ghita
Mohammed Hussain Kashif al-Ghita
1872
1214
1954
1373
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography [19]
51 - Gulpaygani
Sayyed Jamaluddin Gulpaygani

1957
1377
[19]
52 - Ameli
Sayyed Sharafuddin Ameli

1958
1377
[19]
53 Sayyed Husein Borojerdi.jpg Borujerdi
Seyyed Hossein Borujerdi
1875
1292
30 March 1961
13 Shawaal 1381
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Biography [19]
54 Abolghasem Kashani.jpg Kashani
Sayyed Abul Qasim Kashani
1882
1961
1380
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran [19]
55 - Shaikh Muzaffar
Mohammad Reza Muzaffar

1963
1382
[19]
56 - Shahrestani
Hibatuddin Shahrestani

1966
1385
[19]
57 Aqa Buzurg Tehrani
Mohammed Hassan Razi
1875
1969
1388
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [19]
57 a Mohsin-ul-millat
Syed Mohsin Nawab Rizvi
سید محسن نواب رضوی
1901
1969
1388
India India India India - Iraq Iraq India India [34]
58 Mohsin al-Hakeem
Sayyed Mohsin Hakeem
1889
1970
1389
Lebanon Lebanon Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography [19]
59 - Allamah Amini


1970
1389
[19]
60 - Shaikh Kuhistani
Mohammad Kuhistani

1972
1392
[19]
61 - Allamah Sha’rani


1973
1393
[19]
62 - Shahrudi
Sayyed Mahmood Shahrudi

1974
1394
[19]
63 - Behbahani
Sayyed Ali Musawi Behbahani

1975
1395
[19]
64 Ayat Mohammad Hadi Milani.jpg Milani
Sayyed Mohammad Hadi Milani
1892
1313
1975
1395
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Iran [19]
65 Hajj Rahim Arbab.jpg Aqa Arbab
Raheem Arbab
1880
1297
1976
1396
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran [19]
66 مرتضی مطهری در جوانی.jpg Ustad Shaheed Mutahhari
Murtaza Mutahhari
مرتضی مطهری
1920
1979
1399
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography [19]
67 Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr.jpg Shaheed Khamis, Baqir al-Sadr
Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr
1935
1980
1400
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [19]
68 - Shaikh Mugni’ah
Mohammad Jawad Mugni’ah

1980
1400
[19]

After 1400 AH/1980 CE[edit]

Following are ulema (who may or may not be considered maraji) who have spent their major life span after 1400 AH/1980 CE:

S No
Image
Name
Year of Birth Year of Death Birth
Education
Death
Website
Notes
1 - Shaheed Madani


1981
1401
[19]
2 Allameh Tabatabaei (youth).jpg Allamah Tabatabai - علامه طباطبائی
Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Tabatabaei
سید محمد حسین طباطبائی
16 March 1904
29 Dhul-Hijja 1321
7 November 1981
18 Muharram 1402
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official website, Biography [19]
3 - Dastghaib Shirazi
Abul-Husayn Dastghaib Shirazi

11 December 1981
18 Muharram 1402
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Biography 1, Biography 2
4 - Khadmi
Syed Hassan Moosavi Khadmi Asfahani

1984
1404
,[19][35][36]
5 - Shirazi
Sayyed Abdullah Shirazi

1984
1405
[19]
6 - Shirazi
Sayyid Abdullah Shirazi
1892
1985
1405
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran [19]
7 Kazem Shariatmadari.jpg Shariatmadari
Sayyid Mohammad Kazem Shariatmadari
1904
1986
1406
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran [19]
8 Naqqan sb.jpg Allamah Naq'qan
Sayyed Ali Naqi Naqvi
1905
1988
1408
India India India India - Iraq Iraq India India [19]
9 روح‌اللّه خمینی.jpg Khomeini - خمینی
Sayyid Ruhollah Mousavi Khomeini
سيد روح الله موسوی خمینی
1902
1989
1409
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official website [19]
10 - Mar’ashi
Sayyid Abul Ma'ali Shahab ad-Din Muhammad Hussain Mar’ashi Najafi

1990
1411
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Biography [19]
11 - Agha Janab
Allama Syed Hasan Al-Rizvi Hindi Lucknowi

1991 India India India India-Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq [19]
12 Ayatollah Khoi-1.jpg Khoei - خوئي
Seyyid Abul Qasim Musawi Khoei
سيد ةبولقاسيم موسوي الخوي
19 November 1899
15 Rajab 1317
8 August 1992
1412
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official website, Biography [19]
13 Golpayegani.jpg Golpaygani
Sayid Mohammad Reza Golpaygani
1898
9 December 1993
1413
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography 1, Biography 2 [19]
14 - Araki
Mohammad Ali Araki
1895
1994
25th of Jumadi al-Akhar 1414
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography [19]
15 - Allamah Shustari


1995
1415
[19]
16 - Marandi
Mirza Ali Akbar Marandi

1995
1415
[19]
17 - Bahauddini
Syed Radha
1909
1997
1417
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Biography [19]
18 Məhəmməd Təği Cəfəri.jpg Allamah Ja’fari
Mohammad Taqi Ja’fari
1923
1998
1418
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran [19]
19 - Azari
Ahmad Azari-Qomi-Bigdeli
1925
1999
1419
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran -
20 Shaheed Syed Muhammad al-Sadr.jpg Mohammad al-Sadr
Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr
1943
1999
1419
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official website [19]
21 Mohammad Shirazi.jpg Shirazi
Sayyed Mohammad Hussaini Shirazi
1928
2001
1421
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Official website [19]
22 - Tabrizi
Mirza Javad Tabrizi
1926
2006
1426
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official website [19]
23 Mf-jf (cropped).jpg Shaykh Lankarani
Mohammad Fazel Lankarani
1931
2007
1427
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official website, Biography -
24 - Bahlool
Ayatullah Shaykh Muhammad Taqi Bahlool
1908
2008
1429
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Biography 1, Biography 2 -
25 Ayatollah-Mohammad-Taghi-Bahjat-Foumani.jpg Bahjat
Mohammad Taghi Bahjat Foumani
1917
2009
1430
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official website -
26 Montazeri.jpg Montazeri - منتظري
Hossein Ali Montazeri
حسين علي منتظري
1922
1340
2009
1431
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official website -
27 - Golpaygani - گلپایگانی
Ali Safi Golpaygani
علی صافی گلپایگانی
1913
1331
2010
1431
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official website -
28 - Mousavi - موسوي
Sayyid Mohammad Mofti al-Shi'a Mousavi
السيد محمد مفتي الشيعة موسوي
1928
1347
2010
1431
Iran Iran Iran Iran & Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
29 Sayed Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah.jpg Fadlallah - فضل الله
Sayyid Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah
السيد محمد حسين فضل الله
1935
1353
2010
1431
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Lebanon Lebanon Official Website -
30 - Kashani - کاشانی
Sayyid Abbas Hosseini Kashani
السید عباس حسيني کاشانی
1931
1350
2010
1431
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
31 - Faqih - فقيه
Mirza Mohammad Hassan Ahmadi Faqih
ميرزا محمد حسن احمدى فقيه
1951
1370
2010
1431
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
32 Drsadeghi.jpg Tehrani - تهرانی
Mohammad Sadeqi Tehrani
محمد صادقی تهرانی
1926
1345
2011
1432
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
33 - Ansari - انصاري
Mohammad Ebrahim Ansari
محمد إبراهيم الأنصاري
1936
1355
19 February 2011
1432
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography -
34 Mohsen Koochebaghi Tabrizi - 2010.JPG Koochebaghi - کوچه باغی
Mohsen Koochebaghi Tabrizi
محسن کوچه باغی تبریزی
1924
1343
2011
1432
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
35 Mojtaba Tehrani.jpg Tehrani - تهراني
Mojtaba Tehrani
مجتبي تهراني
1933
1352
2013
1434
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
36 Ezodin- Zanjani.jpg Zanjani - زنجانی
Sayyid Mohammad Ezodin Hosseini Zanjani
سید محمد عزالدین حسيني زنجانی
1921
1340
2013
1434
Iran Iran Iran Iran & Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
37 - Tabrizi - تبریزی
Sayyid Yousef Madani Tabrizi
السيد يوسف مدنی تبریزی
1928
1347
2013
1434
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
38 Grand Ayatollah Moslem Malakouti at Friday Prayers , Tabriz, Azerbaijan .JPG Malakouti - ملكوتی
Moslem Malakouti
مسلم ملكوتی
1923
1341
2014
1435
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
39 - Shirazi - شيرازي
Sayyid Mohammad Baqer Shirazi
السيد محمد باقر شيرازي
1931
1350
2014
1435
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
40 - Fayaz - فياض
Sayyid Morteza Hosseini Fayaz
السيد مرتضى الحسيني فياض
1928
1347
2014
1435
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Biography -
41 Nopic.jpg Qomi - قمي
Sayyid Taqi Tabatabaei Qomi
السيد تقي طباطبايي قمي
1923
1341
2016
1437
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iraq - -
42 Mousavi Ardebili.jpg Mousavi Ardebili - موسوي اردبيلي
Sayyid Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili
السيد عبدالكريم موسوي اردبيلي
1926
1344
2016
1437
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Pike. "Twelvers / Ithna Ashari Islamic Schools of Thought". globalsecurity.org. 
  2. ^ a b c d The abbreviation CE refers to the Common Era solar calendar, while AH refers to the Islamic Hijri lunar calendar.
  3. ^ Behar-ul-Anwaar:Vol-02:#80, Appointed by Imam Mohammad al-Baqir for Medina
  4. ^ "Letter 13". Al-Islam.org. 
  5. ^ Wasail-us-Shia:Vol-18:#103, Appointed by Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq
  6. ^ Wasail-us-Shia:Vol-18:#105, Appointed by Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq
  7. ^ Wasail-us-Shia:Vol-18:#106, Appointed by Imam Ali ar-Riza
  8. ^ Chapter 4 – Leadership in the era of occultation - Al Muntazar “Sit in Masjid-e-Nabavi and give your verdicts pertaining to religious matters.” .... Imam Reza (a.s.) replied: “Go to Zakaria bin Adam Qummi, he is our turtle in ...
  9. ^ Wasail-us-Shia:Vol-18:#107, Appointed by Imam Ali ar-Riza
  10. ^ a b c d e f IMAM AL-KADHIM: HIS SCHOOL AND KNOWLEDGE
  11. ^ A Medieval Muslim Scholar at Work: Ibn Ṭāwūs and His Library By Etan Kohlberg, Yahya al-Bajafi Bayya' al-Sabiri (d. 210/825-826)...
  12. ^ Shi'ite Jurists and Authors on Jurisprudence and Hadith, ii) Safwan bin Yahya Bayya' Sabari ;
  13. ^ HIS SCHOOL AND KNOWLEDGE, Sheikh al-Toosi writes, "The followers of our school of thought have agreed on the probity and trustworthiness of six fuqaha', who were taught and educated by al-Kadhim and al-Ridha (a.s.). They were: Yunus bin Abdul-Rahman, Safwan bin Yahya, Bayya' al-Sabiri, Muhammad bin Abi-Umayr, Abdullah bin al-Mughirah, al-Hassan bin Mahboob al-Rad and Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Abi-Nasr."[34]
  14. ^ [labbaik.ir/en/uploads/book/kafi_part_1.doc Kafi Part 1], Rijal al‑Tusi, By Shaykh al‑Ta'ifah Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn al Hasan al‑Tusi ..... Al‑Hasan ibn Mahbub al‑Sarrad (or al‑Zarrad) al‑Kufi (d.224/839), 6/VIII, Tr 347 ...
  15. ^ Shi'ite Scholars in the Field of Applied Sciences - WWW.AL-SHIA.ORG, Hasan bin Mahbub Sarrad, according to Ibn-un-Nadim wrote an exegesis of the Quran. He died in 224 A.H..
  16. ^ Wasail-us-Shia:Vol-18:#100, Appointed by Imam Ali al-Naqi
  17. ^ Husein Ibn-e Sa'īd Ahwāzī, Husein Ibn-e Sa'īd Ahwāzī. Abū Muhammad, Husein son of Sa'īd son of Hamād son of Mehrān Ahwāzī, a great Shi'a scholar, was born in Kūfah the city of great ...
  18. ^ Wasail-us-Shia:Vol-18:#107, Appointed by Imam Ali al-Naqi
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em "Addresses of Maraje". islam-laws.com. 
  20. ^ The Leading Shia Ulama of Fourth Century Hijrah, Ibn Abi Aqeel Ummani This Umman is on the coast of Yemen, and therefore he was also known as Yemeni.
  21. ^ The Science of Jurisprudence among the Shi'ah, Shi'ah jurisprudence on the basis of ijtihad was first founded by Ibn Abi 'Aqil 'Ummani (died in the first part of the fourth century AH), a contemporary of al-Kulayni ...
  22. ^ The Place of al-Mufid in the Development of Shi'i Kalam and Fiqh, Ayatullah Sayyid Ali Khamene’i, al Tawhid, vol x, Nos. 2 and 3, Translated from the Persian by Ali Quli Qarai. Its two well-known representatives are al-Hasan ibn 'Ali ibn Abi `Aqil al-`Ummani ...... As to al-`Ummani, this tendency is not ascribed to him. ....... al-Mufid find a valid framework for the practice of fiqh, which was a first step, to which al-'Ummani's work must be considered a prelude.
  23. ^ a b c d e Ulema Timeline
  24. ^ a b c "The Famous Shia Ulama of the Eleventh Century Hijrah -- Imam Reza (A.S.) Network". imamreza.net. 
  25. ^ "faiz's space - List of Maraje". Retrieved 1 May 2016. 
  26. ^ "The Thirteenth H. Century Scholars". m-mahdi.net. 
  27. ^ a b Grand Ayatollah Sayed Muhammad Mufti al-Shia Moosavi Expires, His grandfather’s name was Ayatullah al Uzma Syed Murtaza Khalkhali Ardabaili. He too was one of the venerable Maraje Uzzam. On his return from Najaf-i-Ashraf, he laid the foundation of great Hawza-i-Ilmia in Ardbail, which produced several Ulmas. Students, not only from Iran, but also from various other countries like Badkoba, Sherwan, Siliyan, Ierwan, Nakhchwan, Lankran, and Aazarbaijan came to this Hawza to seek knowledge. He was the pupil of Sahib-i-Karamaat and Sheikh Ansari (R.A). He left this world on 1317 A.H.
  28. ^ "Great Shia personality; Grand Ayatollah Sayed Muhammad Mufti al-Shia Moosavi Expires + pic". Jafria News. 
  29. ^ Ayatullah Shaykh Isfahani, He studied fiqh and philosophy under Akhund Mulla Muhammad Kashi and tafsir under Haj Sayyid Muhammad Fishariki and Haj Sayyid Murtaza Kashmiri.
  30. ^ Ayatollah Shah Abaadi, 8- Mirza Hossein Khalili (d.1908)
  31. ^ tahoordanesh.2012-08-14
  32. ^ Lubb al-Lubab (The Kernels of Kernels): A Short Treatise on Wayfaring, The Straight Path is one which Combines the Exoteric and the Esoteric, Among them was the divine gnostic Aqa Sayyid Ahmad Tehrani Karbala'i and his disciple, the pride of the legists and the pearl of the gnostics, Hajj Mirza `Ali Aqa Qadi, may God elevate their noble stations.
  33. ^ Ayatullah al Uzma As-Syed Muhammad Taqi Mufti Ash-Shia Ardbaili was his (Grand Ayatollah Sayed Muhammad Mufti al-Shia Moosavi) father who died in 1361 A.H. He was considered one of much followed theologians. He was also leader of his city. His Risala-i-Amalia (journal) was published on 18th of Zilhajj 1336 A.H under the title of “Shajara-tut-Taqwa”. The second journal “Zakhirat-ul-Uqba” was published in 1344 A.H. he had been the pupil of Akhund Khurasani, Syed Kazim Yazdi, and Syed Muhammad Isfahani Fasharki
  34. ^ Rizvi, Syed Saeed Akhter. "Indian Ulema List (Source- Khursheed Khawar:Tazkratul ulamae hind o pak)". islamic-laws.com. Ma'arif Publications. Retrieved 17 August 2014. 
  35. ^ Syed Hassan Moosavi Khadmi Asfahani, Principal Hoza-e-Ilmiya, Asfahaan
  36. ^ "AZADARI - ISLAMIC - LAWS". islamic-laws.com. 
  37. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 15, 2010. Retrieved January 29, 2010. 
  38. ^ "مصاحبه ها". allameh.ir. 

External links[edit]