List of defunct television networks in the United States

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This is a list of American defunct television networks.

Former TV networks[edit]

Educational[edit]

Name Owner Notes
Exercise TV Video on Demand channel
Knowledge TV Jones International closed several months after being sold to Discovery Communications.
Research Channel University of Washington Shut down on August 31, 2010.

Entertainment[edit]

Name Owner Notes
3net Discovery Communications / Sony / IMAX 3D television channel launched on February 13, 2011 and shut down on August 12, 2014.
ARTS Hearst Corporation/ABC Merged with The Entertainment Channel to form A&E in 1984.
Automotive Television Network Global Television / Fidelity Capital
Channel America
Colours TV Black Star Communications Ceased operations on July 13, 2011 for unknown reasons.
Computer Television Service
Documentary Channel Participant Media Merged with Halogen TV and replaced by Pivot on August 1, 2013.
Fearnet NBCUniversal Shut down on July 30, 2014.
Fox Reality Channel News Corporation Shut down on March 29, 2010, replaced with Nat Geo Wild.
Freeview DirecTV Rebranded to The 101 Network on 2005, and then got rebranded to the Audience Network on June 1, 2011.
G4 G4 Media (NBCUniversal) Ceased operations on December 31, 2014.
Ha! Viacom Media Networks Merged with The Comedy Channel to form Comedy Central in 1991.
INHD2 In Demand Networks LLC iN Demand ceased operation of INHD2, which was a companion network to INHD, on January 1, 2007. INHD would later be relaunched as MOJO HD.
The Interactive Channel Source Media
Jones Computer Network Jones Intercable
The Lottery Channel
MOJO HD Comcast, Cox Communications, Time Warner Formerly INHD, ceased operations on December 1, 2008.
Movietime NBCUniversal Rebranded as E! on 1991.
National Jewish Television Network Existed in the 1980s until at least some point in the 2000s.
Network 1 Network Telephone Services Channel allowed viewer participation through 800 and 900 phone numbers.
PlayCable Interactive format features video games, existed in the early 1980s.
Prevue Channel Lions Gate Entertainment Launched as Prevue Guide, then modified slightly into Prevue Channel. Purchased by TV Guide in 1999 and renamed TV Guide Channel and then TV Guide Network, on April 20, 2013 it became TVGN, and now Pop.
Soapnet Disney/ABC Soap opera network specializing in showing current and past soap operas ceased operations on December 31, 2013
The Silent Network Specialized channel aimed at hearing-impaired people; existed in the 1980s.
SingleVision GlobalComm 2000
Talk TV Ed Cooperstein
TNN Viacom Media Networks Originally The Nashville Network later renamed The National Network. Purchased by Viacom and relaunched as Spike.
Trio NBCUniversal Relaunched as Sleuth in January 1, 2006, and then relaunched as Cloo on August 15, 2011.
Guide Plus Existed briefly in the 1990s, airing on some cable systems in lieu of Prevue Channel. TV Guide wanted back in the game, so they purchased Prevue in 1999 and renamed it TV Guide Channel and then TV Guide Network, and now it is TVGN.
Varsity TV Varsity Media Group, Inc. high school student-produced programming
WWOR EMI Service RKO General (1979-1987), MCA (1987-1991), Pinelands, Inc. (1991-1993), Chris-Craft Industries (1993-1997), Eastern Microwave, Incorporated (uplinker, 1979-1996; Superstation programmer, 1990-1996), Advance Entertainment Corporation (uplinker and Superstation programmer, 1996) National version of New York City's WWOR-TV. Existed c. 1989-1997

Family[edit]

Name Owner Notes
Nick Gas Viacom, MTV Networks On December 31, 2007, The N became its own channel. The Nick Gas channel was shut down when The N became its own channel. It retired on September 28, 2009 to TeenNick. The channel ended on April 23, 2009 on Dish Network for Cartoon Network's west coast feed.
Noggin Originally broadcasting educational programming from the 1980s to present, the station changed to being half TeenNick and half Nick Jr. The station ultimately became Nick Jr. while TeenNick replaced Nick Gas.
Total Communication Network Total Communication Network Entertainment and educational programming aimed at hearing-impaired children.

Lifestyle[edit]

Name Owner Notes
Applause Parasol Media
Arts & Antiques Network CYMA Productions
Discovery Health Channel Discovery Communications Merged with FitTV to create Discovery Fit & Health on February 1, 2011, then Discovery Life on January 15, 2015. It got replaced with Oprah Winfrey Network on January 1, 2011.
Fashion and Design Television Anthony Guccione
Fine Living Network E.W. Scripps Company Shut down on May 31, 2010, replaced with Cooking Channel.
i-Life TV The Inspiration Networks Opened Halogen TV on October 24, 2009, merged with the Documentary Channel and replaced by Pivot on August 1, 2013.
Kaleidoscope Channel for the disabled
Lime Went online-only February 25, 2007. Formerly Wisdom Network.
Wedding Central Rainbow Media Ceased operations July 1, 2011.
Wine TV Ceased operations in 2009.

Music[edit]

Name Owner Notes
Americana Television Network Americana Television Network Inc. Country, blues, bluegrass, jazz and gospel music videos.
The Box Music channel that originated in 1982 and ceased operations in 2001 when replaced by MTV2.
Cable Music Channel Turner Broadcasting Started in the 1980s by Ted Turner to compete with MTV. Unlike MTV, it had no VJs. It was short lived.
Classic Music Channel Classical Broadcasting Company
The Gospel Network
Hit Video USA 1980s video channel based out of Texas, aired on some broadcast channels during overnight periods.
International Music Feed Universal Music Group Aired music videos from various artists from around the world, purchased by Hubbard Broadcasting in 2008 and subsequently shut down on March 31, 2008 in order to expand distribution for Hubbard channel Ovation TV.
m Channel Aired syndicated music videos, TV shows, movies and news. Was folded under decision of the owner/creator of the network.
MOR Music TV Channel which aired music videos and performances in conjunction with selling albums.
NOYZ Bullfrog Media Ceased operations in early January 2008 after parent company's bankruptcy.
The Tube Music Network Ceased operations October 1, 2007.
Z Music Television Contemporary Christian Music video channel; not to be confused with movie service Z Channel; shared channel space with BET in some areas.

News and information[edit]

Name Owner Notes
ABC News Now Disney/ABC Lacked significant distribution with low cable and satellite carrier pick up. Was closed in favor of using the channel's few carriage deals to support Fusion a new Hispanic focused news channel geared towards a younger audience.
America's Talking NBCUniversal relaunched as MSNBC.
All News Channel CONUS Communications Aired on USSB and later DirecTV; its programming was carried by many over-the-air television stations during the late night hours.
American Political Channel
America's Voice aka National Empowerment Television, or NET
CBS TeleNoticias
DoD News Channel Defense Media Activity (US Government) Formerly Pentagon Channel, turned off on April 17, 2015.
CNNfn Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner) 1995-2004; a few cable systems switched the channel space to CNN International after discontinuation.
NBC Weather Plus NBC Distributed via the digital subchannels of NBC affiliates and digital cable. Ceased operations in 2008.[1]
NewsTalk Television Multimedia, Inc. Existed from 1994 to 1995; formerly known as the Talk Channel.
Newsworld International Canadian Broadcasting Corporation/USA Broadcasting purchased by Al Gore and Joel Hyatt, relaunched as Current TV in August 1, 2005, and then to Al Jazeera America on August 20, 2013.
The 90's Channel Public Communicators, Inc. Relaunched to become Free Speech TV in 1995
Satellite News Channel a joint venture between ABC and Group W News
Tempo Television Formerly Satellite Program Network and then opened CNBC on April 17, 1989.

Regional news networks[edit]

Name Location Owner Notes
Local News on Cable Norfolk, Virginia Belo Corporation also called LNC5
Southern Arizona News Network Tucson, Arizona KVOA Communications, Inc.
TXCN Texas Gannett Company also called Texas Cable News

Pay-per-view[edit]

Name Owner Notes
Action Pay-Per-View BET network, and later TVN Entertainment Di-function channel.
Adam & Eve Channel Adam & Eve Communications Inc. Adult pay-per-view and home shopping
AdultVision Playboy Enterprises Adult pay-per-view
American Exxxtasy Home Dish Satellite Network Inc. Adult pay-per-view
Cable Video Store General Instrument (Original), Graff Pay-Per-View (second)
Guest Cinema Adult pay-per-view
Star Channel Showtime Networks. (CBS Corporation) Relaunched to become The Movie Channel in 1979.
Request TV Liberty Media and 20th Century Fox Also operated a Spanish-language pay-per-view channel, Request En Español.
Rendezvous Adult pay-per-view
Spectradyne Adult pay-per-view
StarDust Theatre Home Dish Satellite Network Inc.
Tuxxedo Network Home Dish Satellite Network Inc. Adult pay-per-view
Wometco Home Theater Wometco Enterprises

Premium movies[edit]

Name Owner Notes
The B-Movie Channel
Cable Theater existed from late 1970s-early 1980s.
Festival HBO 1980s premium channel from HBO.
INTRO Television Liberty Starz originally called TV!; renamed INTRO Television, carrying the same programming format. Replaced by Encore PLEX (eventually changed to MoviePlex) in 1997.
Home Theater Network premium movies
Movie Mania formerly B-Mania!, B-Movie channel, no longer broadcasting as of October 2006.
MovieVision premium movies
ONTV also had sports and events.
Preview
PRISM Spectacor 24-hour premium cable television channel intended for cable customers in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania metropolitan area. Channel infrastructure is still used for Comcast Sportsnet Philadelphia.
SelecTV Starion Entertainment
Spectrum
Spotlight premium movies
Starcase
Super Time/Star TV San Francisco over the air channel like ONTV via KTSF-TV. Named Super Time during the late 1970s and Star TV in the early 1980s.
SuperTV
Z Channel Movie channel

Public Interest[edit]

Name Owner Notes
PBS YOU PBS Service ended in January 2006; most stations replaced service with American Public Television's Create network.
ThinkBright WNED-TV Ceased in 2011.

Religion[edit]

Name Owner Notes
PTL Satellite Network Evangelical Christian network known for broadcasting The PTL Club hosted by Jim and Tammy Faye Bakker. Collapsed in the wake of a sex and embezzlement scandal that resulted in Jim Bakker being sentenced to prison. On the air from 1977 to 1987.

Shopping[edit]

Name Owner Notes
America's Collectibles Network Multimedia Commerce Group Inc. Closed on October 15, 1993 with Jewelry Television.
America's Store IAC/InterActiveCorp Ceased broadcasting on April 3, 2007.
Advertising Television Web Broadcasting Systems Inc.
BET-Home Shopping Network BET Holdings, Inc. / Home Shopping Network
Black Shopping Network
Consumer Resource Network Seventh Medium
Cupid Network Television Capital Distribution Adult home shopping
Global Shopping Network
Q2 Home shopping. Spinoff of QVC, existed briefly in the mid 1990s.
Resort & Residence TV Aired on DirecTV; ceased operations on 2011.
Shop at Home Network Jewelry Television Ceased broadcasting on March 7, 2008.
TV Car Showroom Hachette Filipacchi Magazines
ViaTV Network RSTV Inc.
ValueVision ValueVision Media Shut down on 2001 to ShopNBC, and then to ShopHQ on January 1, 2014.

Sports[edit]

Name Owner Notes
Classic Sports Network ESPN Inc. Purchased by ESPN and renamed ESPN Classic.
CNN Sports Illustrated Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner) Existed from 1996-2002.
CSS NBCUniversal and Charter Communications Existed from 1999-2014
Empire Sports Network Adelphia Cable Existed from 1990-2005.
ESPN 3D ESPN Inc. Turned off on September 30, 2013.
Fight Now TV Channel Zero Existed from May 2011 to June 2014.
Fox Sports World 21st Century Fox formerly Fox Soccer, Replaced by FXX on September 2, 2013.
FSN Chicago Became Comcast SportsNet Chicago
Men's Outdoor and Recreation Ceased operations.
MountainWest Sports Network Mountain West Conference (MWC), CBS Corporation, Comcast Mountain West Conference sports; existed from September 2006-June 2012.
NASCAR Hot Pass NASCAR / DirecTV Exclusive to DirecTV existed from 2007 to 2012.
National College Sports Network CBS Corporation Switched to CSTV on 2003, and then CBS College Sports Network on 2008, and then finally CBS Sports Network on April 4, 2011.
Outdoor Life Network NBCUniversal Renamed to Versus on September 25, 2006, and then became the NBC Sports Network on January 2, 2012, and then shorted down to the NBCSN on September 23, 2013.
Prime Network Liberty Media Existed from 1983-1997.
SpeedVision SPEED Channel Inc. (21st Century Fox) Renamed Speed, replaced by Fox Sports 1 on August 17, 2013.
Sports Time Anheuser-Busch St. Louis and Midwest Cable Sports station; existed from April 1984-March 1985.
SportsChannel became Fox Sports Net
Sports News Network Mizlou Communications Existed from February–December 1990.
Trax Networks Development Corporation
Turner South Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner) Purchased by Fox Cable Networks and renamed SportSouth.
TVS Television Network Now part of Margate Entertainment.
University of North Dakota Sports Network University of North Dakota, WDAZ-TV, Midcontinent Communications Formerly known as Fighting Sioux Sports Network (FSSN)
Ceased on March, 2012.
Victory Sports One Minnesota Twins Baseball Network/Minnesota Gophers Sports
Water Channel MCE Television Networks Inc.
Web Sports Net Web Broadcasting Systems Inc. Text-based sports news service.
World Championship Sports Network Existed from 2005-2008.

Spanish[edit]

Name Owner Notes
La Familia Cosmovision The Inspiration Networks Ceased operations on January 9, 2015.

Ethnic[edit]

African-American[edit]

Name Owner Notes
Black Family Channel Ceased operations April 30, 2007. To launch as broadband network, subscriber base sold to Gospel Music Channel. Formerly MBC Network.
Bridges TV Muslim Ceased operations on March 15, 2012.
Caribbean Satellite Network
New Urban Entertainment Television (NUE-TV) Space Station TeleVision, co-owned by Dennis Brownlee and Robert Townsend. Investors included Quincy Jones, Leo J. Hindery Jr., David Falk, and Alfred Liggins III. Ceased operations in May 2001; formerly shutdown in October 2002. Senior Council Pat Irvin, Human Resources Director Renee Barfield, Cindy Mahmoud, Senior Vice President Gordon Boelter, Executive Vice President of Programming, Donovan Myrie, News Director, Craig Henry, Director of Music, Monte Powell, Director of Programming, Rick Porterfield, Production Director.
The MBC Movie Network Minority Broadcasting Corp.
World African Network

Asian[edit]

Name Owner Notes
AZN Television Comcast Formerly International Channel; First nationwide television cable channel dedicated to Asian Americans. Ceased operations on April 9, 2008.
MTV Chi Viacom Media Networks An MTV World network dedicated to Chinese American audiences; launched on December 6, 2005, and shut down on April 30, 2007.
MTV Desi An MTV World network dedicated to South Asian American audiences; launched on July 12, 2005, and shut down on April 30, 2007.
MTV K An MTV World network dedicated to Korean American audiences; launched on June 27, 2006, and shut down on April 30, 2007.

German[edit]

Name Owner Notes
ChannelD First German private television satellite channel in North America 2001-2002.
Dolphin-TV Dolphin-TV German Television Inc. German private television satellite channel 2006-2007.
GermanTV Deutsche Welle TV, ARD & ZDF (German Public Broadcasters) Satellite channel 2001-2005.

Irish[edit]

Name Owner Notes
CelticVision

High definition[edit]

Name Owner Notes
Voom HD Networks Rainbow Media (Cablevision) 15 All-HD networks, ceased broadcasting on January 20, 2009.

References[edit]