List of demolished buildings and structures in London

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This list of demolished buildings and structures in London includes buildings, structures and urban scenes of particular architectural and historical interest, scenic buildings which are preserved in old photographs, prints and paintings, but which have been demolished or were destroyed by bombing in World War II. Only a small number of the most notable buildings are listed out of the many thousands which have been demolished.


Date of construction
Date of destruction
Image Location Notes
23 Great Winchester Street 17th century 1882 c. 1882 23GreatWinchesterStreet.jpg City of London Wealthy merchant's mansion with elaborate staircase and panelled rooms.
Adelphi Terrace 1768–1772 1930s Adam Brothers Adelphi.jpg Adelphi A neo-classical terrace of 24 houses by the Adam brothers.
Army and Navy Club 1848–1850 1950s THE ARMY AND NAVY CLUB HOUSE, PALL MALL.JPG St James Square Replaced by 1950s building on the same site.
Baltic Exchange 1903 1992 St Mary Axe Grade II* listed building known for its cathedral-like trading hall and its stained glass windows; destroyed by a bomb in 1992. Site now occupied by The Gherkin.
Barnard's Inn 17th century After 1879 Barnard's Inn, Fetter Lane front.jpg Fetter Lane Former Inn of Chancery. Hall still survives, owned by Gresham College.
Baynard's Castle 11th century 1666 Baynards Castle the outfall of the Fleet Ditch. Wellcome L0006919.jpg Blackfriars Destroyed during the Great Fire of London.
Bethlem Hospital 1812–1814 1931 c. 1931 BethlemSteelEngraving1828.png Southwark Built to a design by James Lewis. Largely demolished after the hospital moved in 1930. The central part of building survives and has housed the Imperial War Museum since 1936.[1]
Blake's House 18th century 1965 WilliamBlake'sHouse.jpg Soho Birthplace of William Blake at No. 28 Broad (now Broadwick) Street; demolished to make way for a block of flats.
Worshipful Company of Brewers' Hall 1670–1673.1 1940 Brewers'Hall.jpg City of London In Aldermanbury Square. Rebuilt after the Great Fire; destroyed by bombs.
Bridewell Palace 16th–17th century 1863–1864 Maund The-Courtyard-at-Bridewell-Palace-1880.jpg Blackfriars Residence of Henry VIII from 1515 to 1523; prison and hospital from 1556. Largely rebuilt after the Great Fire of London. Closed 1855.[2]
Carlton Club 1854–1856 1940 Carlton.gif Pall Mall By Sidney Smirke; suffered direct hit by bomb in 1940.
Carlton Hotel 1899 1940–1958 Carlton-Hotel-1905.jpg Haymarket Prestigious hotel run by César Ritz, with Auguste Escoffier as chef. Badly damaged by bombs in 1940; demolished 1957–1958.
Carlton Tavern 1921 (rebuilt 2019) 2015 Carlton Tavern - - 483947.jpg Kilburn Grade II listed building that was demolished without permission by a property developed, prompting the council to demand its rebuild.
Carpenters' Hall 15th–18th century 1876 Carpenter'sHallLondon.jpg City of London On London Wall. First hall dates from 1429; demolished 1876 after damaged by fire. Second hall destroyed by bombs in 1941.[3]
Chesterfield House 1747–1752 1937 ChesterfieldHouse1760.jpg Mayfair Built for Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield (1694–1773) by Isaac Ware.
Christ's Hospital 17th–19th century 1902 Christ's Hospital, engraved by Toms c.1770..jpg Newgate Street School founded 1552; buildings mostly rebuilt after the Great Fire, in part by Wren and Hawksmoor. Relocated to Horsham in 1902.[4]
Christ Church Greyfriars 1687 1940 Christchnewgatest.jpg Newgate Street Rebuilt by Wren after the Great Fire. Largely destroyed by bombing in 1940; tower and ruins remain.
City of London Lying-in Hospital 1770–1773 1940–1941 City of London Lying-in Hospital.jpg Old Street Formerly housed in Shaftesbury House; moved to new building by Robert Mylne in 1773. Damaged by tube construction and partly rebuilt. Destroyed by bombs in 1940 and 1941.[5]
Clifford's Inn 18th century 1934 Clifford's Inn.jpg Fleet Street The longest surviving Inn of Chancery, founded in 1344; dissolved in 1903. Only the gatehouse remains.
Cloth Fair 17th century 1917 Cloth Fair.jpg Smithfield An area of old houses and narrow lanes adjoining the church of St Bartholomew-the-Great, including the Old Dick Whittington Inn. One 17th-century house survives.
Coal Exchange 1847–1849 1962 Coalexchange.png Lower Thames Street One of the earliest examples of cast-iron construction, demolished for road-widening which did not take place until the 1980s.[6]
Crosby Hall 15th–17th century 1909–1910 Crosby Hall.jpg Bishopsgate Great hall re-erected in Chelsea and incorporated into a new building by Walter Godfrey. Many other buildings in Bishopsgate which escaped the Great Fire survived into the Victorian period.[7]
Crystal Palace 1851 1936 Crystal Palace General view from Water Temple.jpg Hyde Park Built by Joseph Paxton for the Great Exhibition of 1851. Rebuilt in different form in South London 1854; destroyed by fire.
Cumberland House 1763 1908–1912 Cumberland House.gif Pall Mall By Matthew Brettingham; occupied by the Board of Ordnance, later the War Office, from 1806.[8]
Devonshire House 1740 c. 1740 1924 Devonshire House from The Queen's London (1896).JPG Piccadilly Built by William Kent for the Dukes of Devonshire.
Doctors' Commons 1670 c. 1670 1867 Doctors'Commons.jpg City of London College of Advocates, or Doctors of Law, where proceedings of the Court of Arches, the Prerogative Court and others were held. In Knightrider Street. Buildings arranged round two quadrangles; rebuilt after the Great Fire, sold in 1865 and subsequently demolished.
Dorchester House 1853 1929 Dorchester House 1905 Web.jpg Park Lane Palatial house built by Lewis Vulliamy for Robert Stayner Holford; replaced by the Dorchester Hotel.
Drury Lane 17th century 1890 Old houses in Drury Lane.jpg Drury Lane Old houses which survived the Great Fire of London, including the former Cock and Magpie tavern (with sign), which had become Stockley's Bookshop by 1876.[9]
East India House 1729 1861 East India House THS 1817 edited.jpg Leadenhall Street Designed by amateur architect Theodore Jacobsen. Much of British India was governed from here until the British government took control in 1858.
Egyptian Hall 1812 1905 Egyptian Hall, Piccadilly 1815 edited.jpg Piccadilly Designed in the form of an ancient Egyptian temple for William Bullock, who used the building as an exhibition centre.
Euston Arch 1837 1961–1962 Euston Arch 1896.jpg Euston Original entrance to Euston Station; demolition was approved by Ernest Marples, who believed that the cost of moving the arch could not be justified.
Fleet Prison 1781–1782 1846 Microcosm of London Plate 036 - Fleet Prison by Thomas Rowlandson and Augustus Pugin cropped.jpg Farringdon Street Built 1197; rebuilt after the Great Fire and again after the Gordon Riots in 1780. Closed 1842.
Foundling Hospital 1742–1752 1926 Foundling Hospital.jpg Bloomsbury Designed by amateur architect Theodore Jacobsen. Founded by Thomas Coram, the hospital relocated to Redhill in the 1920s, and later Berkhamstead.[10]
Furnival's Inn 1818 1897 FurnivalsInn.gif Holborn Former Inn of Chancery, rebuilt after the Inn was dissolved in 1817; home of Charles Dickens from 1834 to 1837.
General Post Office 1829 1912 The Post Office in St Martin le Grand by Thomas Shepherd (late 1820s).jpg St Martins-le-Grand By Sir Robert Smirke.
Great Synagogue of London 1788–17890 1942 Greatsynagogue.JPG Aldgate By James Spiller; centre of Jewish life in London, destroyed in The Blitz.
Great Wheel 1894–1895 1907 Great Wheel.jpg Earls Court Constructed by Maudslay, Son & Field. Built for the Empire of India Exhibition at Earls Court in 1895. It had carried 2.5 million passengers at its time of closure in 1906.
Grosvenor House 1732–1843 1927 GrosvenorHouse.jpg Park Lane Originally Gloucester House, purchased in 1805 by Robert Grosvenor and subsequently enlarged.[11]
Haberdashers' Hall 1671 1940 Haberdashers'Hall.jpg City of London In Maiden Lane. Original hall destroyed in Great Fire and rebuilt by Edward Jerman. Destroyed by bombs.
Holford House 1832 1944–1948 Holfordhouse.jpg Regent's Park Home of Regent's Park College from 1855 to 1927. Suffered bomb damage in 1944; demolished 1948.
Holland House 1605 1940 Holland House from The Queen's London (1896).jpg Holland Park Largely destroyed by bombs in September 1940; some remains still stand and house a youth hostel.
Imperial Hotel, London 1911 1967 Imperial Hotel London.jpg Russell Square Designed by Charles Fitzroy Doll.
Imperial Institute 1893 1957–1958 Imperial Institute.jpg South Kensington Designed by Thomas Edward Collcutt. Demolished from 1957 to make way for Imperial College; the Queen's Tower survives.
Inner Temple, Library & Hall 1827–1868 1940 Herbert Railton - The Inner Temple Library (modified).jpg Fleet Street Gothic library of 1827–1828 by Sir Robert Smirke and adjoining hall of 1868 by Sidney Smirke; destroyed by bombs.
Jacob's Island 17th–18th century Late 19th century Jacob's Island - Folly Ditch at Mill Lane, circa. 1840.gif Bermondsey Notorious slum, featured in Oliver Twist. Partly destroyed by fire in 1861; replaced by warehouses in the late 19th century.
Junior Carlton Club 1869 1963 Junior Carlton Club Pall Mall Illustrated London News 1868.jpg Pall Mall Replacement by a 1960s building led to loss of members and merger of the club with the Carlton Club.
King's Mews 1732 1830 Royal Stables in the Mews, Charing Cross. Etching by Cook, 1793.jpg Trafalgar Square Rebuilt by William Kent. Succeeded by the present Royal Mews in 1825.
London Colosseum 1827 1874 Colosseum, London.png Regent's Park Designed by Decimus Burton, and built by Thomas Hornor at huge expense to house a 360-degree panorama of London painted by Edmund Thomas Parris.
London Institution 1815 1936 London Institution at the Finsbury Circus.jpg Finsbury Circus Built by Thomas Cubitt. Founded in 1806 "to promote ... Science, Literature and the Arts", the Institution closed in 1912. The building was then used by London University.
Londonderry House 18th century 1965 LondonderryHouse.jpg Park Lane London house of the Marquess of Londonderry, transformed during the 1820s by Benjamin Dean Wyatt and Philip Wyatt.
Mappin & Webb Building 1870 1994 The Mappin and Webb building, London (as was) - - 1229496.jpg Bank Designed by John Belcher, the listed building,[12] was demolished by developer Peter Palumbo to be replaced by Sir James Stirling's No 1 Poultry.
Merchant Taylors' School 1675 c. 1675 After 1875 MerchantsTaylorSuffolkLane.jpg City of London School founded in 1561. Located in the Manor of the Rose, Suffolk Lane – a building rebuilt after the Great Fire – until 1875.
Middlesex Hospital 1755–1757 1927 MiddlesexHospital.jpg Fitzrovia First opened in 1745. Moved in 1757, rebuilt in 1924 after being declared structurally unsound, and closed in 2005.
Millbank Penitentiary 1812–1821 1892–1903 Millbank Thomas Hosmer Shepherd pub 1829.jpg Pimlico Constructed as the National Penitentiary after Bentham's Panopticon was abandoned. The design proved unsatisfactory and the building became a holding depot for convicts awaiting transportation.
Montagu House, Portman Square 1777–1781 1941 MontaguHousePortmanSq.jpg Portman Square Built for Mrs. Elizabeth Montagu, patroness of the arts, to the design of the neoclassical architect James "Athenian" Stuart. Damaged by an incendiary bomb.
Montagu House, Whitehall 1859–1862 1925 c. 1925 Montagu House from the Illustrated London News, 1864.jpg Whitehall Palatial house in French Renaissance style, designed by William Burn for the 5th Duke of Buccleuch; used as government offices from 1917.[13]
Newgate Prison 1770–1782 1904 West View of Newgate by George Shepherd (1784-1862) (cropped).jpg Old Bailey First built in 1188; closed 1902. The Central Criminal Court now stands on the site.
Newton's House 1695 c. 1695 1913 IsaacNewton'sHouse.jpg Leicester Square 35 St Martin's Street was the residence of Sir Isaac Newton from 1710 to 1725.[14]
Norfolk House 1748 c. 1748 1938 J Bowles's view of St James's Square-cropped.jpg St James Square By Matthew Brettingham. The restored Music Room is displayed in the Victoria and Albert Museum.[15]
Northumberland House 1605 c. 1605 1874 Northumberland House by Canaletto (1752).JPG Trafalgar Square London residence of the Dukes of Northumberland.
Old London Bridge 12th–17th century 1758–1831 Old London Bridge, River Thames, 1745.jpg River Thames Houses on the bridge were demolished in 1758–1762, the rest after the completion of a new bridge by John Rennie in 1831.
Old Mansion House 1668 1929 73 Cheapside.jpg Cheapside Built by Sir Christopher Wren for Sir William Turner, Lord Mayor of London from 1668 to 1669.
Old Queen's Head Tavern, Islington 16th century 1826 c. 1826 OldQueen'sHead.jpg Islington Once renowned ancient tavern in Essex Road, formerly Lower Street. Rebuilt c. 1826; still trading.
Old St Paul's Cathedral 1087–1314 1666 St Paul's old. From Francis Bond, Early Christian Architecture. Last book 1913..jpg Ludgate Hill In severe decline by the 17th century; destroyed in the Great Fire of London.
Oxford Arms, Warwick Lane 17th century 1876 Oxford Arms.jpg City of London One of the last surviving galleried inns in London.
Pantheon 1772 1937 Pantheon from Papworth's Select Views 1816.jpg Oxford Street By James Wyatt. Rebuilt after a fire in 1792. Marks & Spencer bought the building from a wine merchant and had it demolished to make way for their new store.
Pembroke House 1723–1759 1938 PembrokeHouse.jpg Whitehall Largely rebuilt 1756–1759; demolished with other buildings in Whitehall Gardens to make way for the new MOD building.[16]
Pope's House 17th century 1872 Pope'sHouse.jpg Lombard Street Birthplace in 1688 of the poet Alexander Pope at Plough Court, Lombard Street.
Queen Square 1716–1725 19th century Queen Square.jpg Bloomsbury Many of the original houses were converted for use as hospitals. The square today is largely occupied by hospital buildings.
Regent Street 1814–1825 1895–1927 Quadrant, Regent Street engraved by J.Woods after J.Salmon publ 1837 edited.jpg Regent Street Originally built by John Nash as a new thoroughfare, entailing much demolition. Completely redeveloped 1895–1927.
River Fleet 17th–18th century 18th–19th century Samuel Scott 001.jpg Blackfriars River converted into New Canal by 1680; covered, partly by New Bridge Street, prior to the opening of Blackfriars Bridge in 1769.
Rolls Chapel and Rolls House 1617–1718 1895–1896 RollsChapel.jpg Chancery Lane Rolls Chapel rebuilt 1617, attributed, but without evidence, to Inigo Jones. Rolls House built 1718 by Colen Campbell. Demolished to make way for the former Public Record Office, now the Maughan Library, King's College London.
Royal College of Physicians, Warwick Lane 1679 1887 Physicians.jpg City of London By Robert Hooke. Used as foundry after 1825, damaged by fire in 1879 and demolished in 1887.
Royal Panopticon 1854 1882 Royal panopticon 1853.jpg Leicester Square Showcase venue for the best achievements in science and arts of the time; converted to theatre after only two years. Destroyed by fire.
St Antholin, Watling Street 1678–1684 1874 St Antholin Cruse.jpg City of London Rebuilt by Wren after the Great Fire. The roof took the form of an elliptic cupola, supported by composite columns.
St Luke's Hospital for Lunatics 1786 1963 St Lukes Hospital for Lunatics, London.jpg Old Street By George Dance the Younger; closed 1916. The buildings were used as a printing works by the Bank of England until the 1950s.
St Mary Aldermanbury 1668 1940 StMaryAldermanbury.jpg Gresham Street Rebuilt by Wren after the Great Fire; destroyed by bombing in 1940. Reconstructed in Fulton, Missouri, using original stones.
St Paul's School 1823 1884 StPaul'sSchool.jpg Cheapside School founded 1509; buildings rebuilt 1823 by George Smith. Demolished when the school moved to Hammersmith in 1884.
St Thomas' Hospital 1699–1742 1862 StThomasHospitalSouthwark.jpg Southwark Begun in 1699 by Thomas Cartwright. Demolished to make way for railway; the hospital relocated to Lambeth in 1871.
Savoy Hospital 1505 1816–1820 Savoy Hospital Vetusta Monumenta.jpg Strand Founded by Henry VII on the site of the Savoy Palace; closed in 1702. Demolished to make way for approach to Waterloo Bridge. Savoy Chapel survives.[17]
Schomberg House 1694 1956 Schomberg House c1850.jpg Pall Mall Divided into three (Nos. 80–82) in 1769. No. 80, home of Thomas Gainsborough from 1774 to 1788, was demolished in 1850; the rest replaced by offices in 1956. Facade survives.
Serjeant's Inn, Fleet Street 18th century 1941 Amicable Society for a Perpetual Assurance Office, Serjeants' Inn, Fleet Street, London, 1801.jpg Fleet Street Rebuilt by Robert Adam and taken over by the Amicable Society after the serjeants moved to Chancery Lane in 1730. Destroyed by bombing.[18]
Serle's Place 17th century 1866 Serle'sPlace.jpg Strand Part of a cluster of alleys and courts demolished to make way for the Royal Courts of Justice.
Shaftesbury House 1644 1882 ShaftesburyHouse.jpg Aldersgate Street This building at nos. 35–38, once known as Thanet House, was built by Inigo Jones. It later became a tavern, then a lying-in hospital, then a dispensary.[19]
Shakespeare's House 16th–17th century 1879 Shakespeare'sHouse.jpg Aldersgate Street No. 134, formerly the Half Moon Tavern, was falsely linked to the playwright; its site is now occupied by Barbican tube station. The nearby Shakespeare Tower preserves the association.[19]
Sir Paul Pindar's House 17th century 1890 The 'Sir Paul Pindar' Tavern.jpg Bishopsgate Became a tavern in the 18th century. Its frontage is preserved in the Victoria and Albert Museum.
South Sea House Before 1773 1903 c. 1903 SouthSeaHouse.jpg Threadneedle Street Home of the Baltic Exchange from 1866 to 1903.
Talbot Inn, Southwark 17th century 1874 TalbotInnSouthwark.jpg Southwark Formerly the Tabard Inn, a medieval coaching inn burnt down 1676 and rebuilt. The meeting place of Chaucer's pilgrims in The Canterbury Tales.
Tavistock House 1805 c. 1805 1901 Tavistock-house.jpg Tavistock Square Built by James Burton. The home of Charles Dickens from 1851 to 1860, its site is now occupied by the headquarters of the British Medical Association.
White Hart 15th–16th century 1829 WhiteHartBishopsgate.jpg Bishopsgate A once renowned ancient tavern. The building dated to 1480 and was rebuilt in 1829. Closed in 2014; the facade was integrated into a 9-storey office block.
Whitehall Palace 15th–17th century 1698 The Old Palace of Whitehall by Hendrik Danckerts.jpg Whitehall The largest palace in Europe, residence of English monarchs from 1530 to 1698. The entire palace except for the Banqueting House and the Holbein Gate was destroyed by fire. The Holbein Gate was then demolished in 1759.
Winchester House 16th century 1839 WinchesterHouse.jpg City of London Great Winchester Street; built by William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester.
Wych Street 16th–17th century 1901 Wych Street.jpg Aldwych Part of the area around Drury Lane which survived the Great Fire of London, the street contained decrepit Elizabethan houses, with projecting wooden jetties.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Bethlem Hospital (Imperial War Museum)" British History Online. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
  2. ^ "Bridewell Palace" Pastscape. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  3. ^ "Carpenters' Hall" The Carpenters' Company. Retrieved April 29, 2012.
  4. ^ "Christ's Hospital" Pastscape. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  5. ^ "City of London Maternity Hospital" Lost Hospitals of London. Retrieved April 27, 2012.
  6. ^ "Coal Exchange" Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  7. ^ "Bishopsgate" British History Online. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  8. ^ "Cumberland House" British History Online. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  9. ^ "Drury Lane and Clare Market" British History Online. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  10. ^ "The Foundling Hospital" British History Online. Retrieved April 4, 2012.
  11. ^ "Grosvenor House" British History Online. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
  12. ^ "Mappin & Webb Building" British Listed Buildings Online. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  13. ^ "Montagu House" British History Online. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  14. ^ "Newton's House" Archived 2012-03-01 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved April 17, 2012.
  15. ^ "Norfolk House" British History Online. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  16. ^ "Ministry of Defence, history" MOD. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  17. ^ "Savoy Hospital" Pastscape. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  18. ^ "Fleet Street: Southern tributaries" British History Online. Retrieved April 7, 2012.
  19. ^ a b "Aldersgate" British History Online. Retrieved April 10, 2012.