List of desalination plants in Australia
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As a result of the water supply crisis during the severe 1997–2009 drought State governments around Australia began building desalination plants that purify seawater using reverse osmosis technology. Many of these plants have included in their overall cost the building of renewable energy sources such as wind farms.
Australia's first working desalination plant was the Kwinana plant in Perth, and was completed in November 2006. A second plant on the Gold Coast began operations in February 2009. The Kurnell Desalination Plant in Sydney was opened on 28 January 2010.
List of desalination plants
Desalination plants in use
|Plant||Capacity (Megalitres per day)||Capacity (Gigalitres per year)||Percent of water supply - at full capacity||Current status||Location||Completion|
|Gold Coast Desalination Plant||125||45||27% of South East Queensland||Operating at a minimum production level||Queensland (Tugun)||2009|
|Perth Seawater Desalination Plant||130||48||17% of Perth||Provides 45 gigalites a year||Western Australia (Kwinana)||2006|
|Sydney Desalination Plant||250||90||15% of Sydney||Operating at a minimum production level||New South Wales (Kurnell)||2010|
|Victorian Desalination Plant||410||150||33% of Melbourne||Operating at a minimum production level||Victoria (Wonthaggi)||2012|
|Southern Seawater Desalination Plant||270||100||20% of Perth||Western Australia (Binningup)||2012|
|Adelaide Desalination Plant||270||100||50% of Adelaide||Operating at a minimum production level supplying 10% of SA water||South Australia (Port Stanvac)||2012|
Smaller desalination plants
|State||Location||Capacity (Megalitres per day)||Status|
|Albany (Cape Riche)||33||Approved 2012|
|Anketell Point (Pilbara)||9.6||Approved 2013|
|Barrow Island (Gorgon gas project)||7||Operating|
|Burrup (West Pilbara)||16.4||Operating|
|Cape Preston (Sino Iron project, Pilbara)||140||Operating|
|Garden Island (Navy Base)||Unknown||Q1 2014|
|Long Island (Houtman Abrolhos)||0.017||Operating|
|Onslow (Wheatstone LNG)||11|||
|Kangaroo Head (Penneshaw, Kangaroo Island)||0.3||Operating|
|Leigh Creek||not known||Operating|
|Port Augusta (Sundrop Farms)||8||Operating|
|Port Spencer / Lipson Cove (Centrex Metals)||14-55||Proposed then abandoned|
|Whyalla Steelworks (Arrium)||4||Operating|
|Long Island (Club Crocodile)||0.12||Operating|
|St. Agnes / 1770 (Gladstone)||1.5||Construction complete 2013|
|Home Island (Cocos & Keeling Islands)||0.35||Under construction 2014|
|Timor Sea (Ichthys LNG)||0.5||?|
Desalination plants in development or cancelled
|Plant||Capacity (Megalitres per day)||Location||Notes|
|Point Paterson Desalination Plant||15||South Australia||project cancelled|
|Onslow Desalination Plant||2||Western Australia|||
|Point Lowly / Port Bonython (BHP Billiton)||280||South Australia||Approved 2011, construction deferred|
|Toukley||20||New South Wales||Approved 2007, construction deferred|
|Sunshine Coast||unknown||Queensland||Suggested after 2028|
|Bribie Island||unknown||Queensland||In dispute|
|North Stradbroke Island||unknown||Queensland||In dispute|
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- Lucas, P. “Study rules out two future desalination plant sites.” Queensland Government. 23 February 2009. Web. 30 April 2010. <http://www.cabinet.qld.gov.au/mms/StatementDisplaySingle.aspx?id=62905>
- "Drinking water for a seaside tourism community" Osmoflo Retrieved 2014-01-07.
- Water - A precious commodity Rottnest Island Retrieved 2014-01-09.
- Industries - Resorts Ausmos Retrieved 2014-01-09.