List of development aid country donors

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International development aid is given by many non-private donors. The first table is based on official development assistance (ODA) figures published by the OECD for members of its Development Assistance Committee (DAC). Non-DAC members included in the OECD's publishing are listed separately.

Luxembourg made the largest contribution as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) at 1.05% and the United Nations’ ODA target of 0.7% of GNI was also exceeded by Norway (1.02%), Luxembourg (1.05%), Denmark (0.71%), and the United Kingdom (0.70%).[1] The European Union accumulated a higher portion of GDP as a form of foreign aid than any other economic union.[2]

The United States continued to be the largest DAC donor of ODA in 2019 (USD 34.6 billion), followed by Germany (USD 23.8 billion), the United Kingdom (USD 19.4 billion), Japan (USD 15.5 billion) and France (USD 12.2 billion). The following countries met or exceeded the United Nations’ ODA as a percentage of GNI target of 0.7%: Denmark (0.71%), Luxembourg (1.05%), Norway (1.02%), Sweden (0.99%) and the United Kingdom (0.70%). Many providers beyond the DAC have long traditions of development cooperation. Amongst these, according to the preliminary figures for 2019 reported to the OECD, Turkey exceeded the 0.7% ODA/GNI target with 1.15%.[1]

Net official development assistance by donor[edit]

To qualify as official development assistance, a contribution must contain three elements:

  1. Be undertaken by the official sector (that is, a government or government agency);
  2. With promotion of economic development and welfare as the main objective;
  3. At concessional financial terms (that is, with favorable loan terms.)

Thus, by definition, ODA does not include private donations.

The sum of contributions by EU member states, considered separately from EU institutions, was $73.80 billion.[3]

The OECD's Development Assistance Committee members' total budget reached 152.8 billion dollars and was contributed by the following donors in 2019:[1]

Donor Total development aid Development aid per capita[citation needed] % of GNI
 United States $34.62 billion $95.52 0.16
 United Kingdom $19.37 billion $284.85 0.70
 Germany $23.81 billion $214.73 0.60
 European Union institutions $14.827 billion[4] $27.03
 Japan $15.51 billion[5] $73.58 0.29
 France $12.18 billion $137.35 0.44
 Sweden $5.40 billion $701.10 0.99
 Netherlands $5.29 billion $338.38 0.59
 Canada $4.67 billion $122.04 0.27
 Norway $4.29 billion $812.58 1.02
 Italy $4.9 billion $63.38 0.24
  Switzerland $3.09 billion $421.37 0.44
 Australia $2.95 billion $129.92 0.22
 Denmark $2.55 billion $447.05 0.71
 South Korea $2.52 billion $37.13 0.15
 Belgium $2.18 billion $167.20 0.42
 Spain $2.90 billion $34.52 0.21
 Finland $1.13 billion $234.13 0.42
 Austria $1.21 billion $137.59 0.27
 Ireland $0.94 billion $151.2 0.31
 Poland $0.68 billion $11.45 0.12
 New Zealand $0.56 billion $90.75 0.28
 Luxembourg $0.47 billion $609.48 1.05
 Portugal $0.37 billion $30.07 0.16
 Greece $0.31 billion $25.04 0.14
 Czech Republic $0.31 billion $18.85 0.13
 Slovak Republic $0.13 billion $16.56 0.12
 Slovenia $0.09 billion $29.04 0.16
 Iceland $0.07 billion $120.29 0.27

Non-DAC members reported the following figures:

Donor Total development aid Development aid per capita[citation needed] % of GNI
China China $38 billion [6][7][8] $27.86 0.36
United Arab Emirates UAE $2.24 billion $467 0.55
 Turkey $8.652 billion $47 1.15
Qatar Qatar $2 billion [9] $757.80 1.17
 India $1.60 billion [10] $1.25 0.076
 Russia[citation needed] $1.14 billion $8 0.03
 Israel $0.28 billion $24 0.07
 Hungary[citation needed] $0.15 billion $15 0.1
 Croatia[citation needed] $0.05 billion $12 0.14
 Lithuania $0.06 billion $14 0.11
 Estonia $0.04 billion $23 0.13
 Latvia $0.03 billion $10 0.10
 Malta $0.04 billion $22 0.3

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c ODA-2019-detailed-summary https://www.oecd.org/dac/financing-sustainable-development/development-finance-data/ODA-2019-detailed-summary.pdf
  2. ^ Hunt, Michael (2014). The World Transformed 1945 to the Present. New York: New York. pp. 516–517. ISBN 9780199371020.
  3. ^ OECD 2016.
  4. ^ OECD 2016, p. 3, "In 2015, total net ODA from the 28 EU member states was USD 74 billion, representing 0.47% of their GNI. Net disbursements by EU Institutions were USD 13.8 billion, a slight fall of 0.5% in real terms compared to 2014.".
  5. ^ (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Can Japan compete with China over development aid? | Asia| An in-depth look at news from across the continent | DW | 22.02.2018". DW.COM. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  6. ^ Jennings, Ralph. "China Is Giving More Foreign Aid Than It Gets". Forbes. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
  7. ^ Chandran, Nyshka (2017-10-13). "5 charts that show how China is spending billions in foreign aid". CNBC. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
  8. ^ Hatton, Celia (2017-10-11). "China's secret aid empire uncovered". BBC News. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
  9. ^ "Qatar's annual development aid stands at $2bn, says minister". Gulf-Times (in Arabic). 2017-11-19. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
  10. ^ "Know Everything About How Much India Receives And Donates Foreign Aid - The Logical Indian". The Logical Indian. 2015-11-06. Retrieved 2018-02-20.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]