List of development aid country donors

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International development aid is given by many non-private donors. The first table is based on official development assistance (ODA) figures published by the OECD for members of its Development Assistance Committee (DAC). Non-DAC members included in the OECD's publishing are listed separately.

Sweden made the largest contribution as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) at 1.40% and the United Nations’ ODA target of 0.7% of GNI was also exceeded by the UAE, Norway, Luxembourg, Denmark, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom.[1] The European Union accumulated a higher portion of GDP as a form of foreign aid than any other economic union.[2] The largest donor countries in 2015 were the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan and France, though China, acting outside the DAC apparatus, made higher donations overall than any individual country, with more than double the GNI percentage of the United States.

Net official development assistance by donor[edit]

To qualify as official development assistance, a contribution must contain three elements:

  1. Be undertaken by the official sector (that is, a government or government agency);
  2. With promotion of economic development and welfare as the main objective;
  3. At concessional financial terms (that is, with favorable loan terms.)

Thus, by definition, ODA does not include private donations.

The sum of contributions by EU member states, considered separately from EU institutions, was $73.80 billion.[1]


The OECD's Development Assistance Committee members' total budget reached 132 billion dollars and was contributed by the following donors:[1]

Donor Total development aid Development aid per capita % of GNI
 United States $31.08 billion $95.52 0.15
 United Kingdom $18.70 billion $284.85 0.67
 Germany $17.78 billion $214.73 0.49
 European Union institutions $13.85 billion[3]
 Japan $10.4 billion[4] $73.58 0.21
 France $9.23 billion $137.35 0.36
 Sweden $7.09 billion $701.10 1.36
 Netherlands $5.81 billion $338.38 0.76
 Canada $4.29 billion $122.04 0.25
 Norway $4.28 billion $812.58 1.14
 Italy $3.84 billion $63.38 0.21
  Switzerland $3.54 billion $421.37 0.68
 Australia $3.22 billion $129.92 0.26
 Denmark $2.57 billion $447.05 0.9
 South Korea $1.91 billion $37.13 0.09
 Belgium $1.89 billion $167.20 0.4
 Spain $1.60 billion $34.52 0.12
 Finland $1.29 billion $234.13 0.55
 Austria $1.21 billion $137.59 0.31
 Ireland $0.72 billion $151.2 0.22
 Poland $0.44 billion $11.45 0.09
 New Zealand $0.44 billion $90.75 0.2
 Luxembourg $0.36 billion $609.48 0.61
 Portugal $0.31 billion $30.07 0.15
 Greece $0.28 billion $25.04 0.13
 Czech Republic $0.20 billion $18.85 0.1
 Slovak Republic $0.09 billion $16.56 0.1
 Slovenia $0.06 billion $29.04 0.12
 Iceland $0.04 billion $120.29 0.22

Non-DAC members reported the following figures:

Donor Total development aid Development aid per capita % of GNI
China China $38 billion [5][6][7] $27.86 0.36
United Arab Emirates UAE $4.39 billion $467 0.63
 Turkey $3.91 billion $47 0.17
Qatar Qatar $2 billion [8] $757.80 1.17
 India $1.60 billion [9] $1.25 0.076
 Russia $1.14 billion $8 0.03
 Israel $0.21 billion $24 0.06
 Hungary $0.15 billion $15 0.1
 Croatia $0.05 billion $12 0.14
 Lithuania $0.04 billion $14 0.08
 Estonia $0.03 billion $23 0.11
 Latvia $0.02 billion $10 0.07
 Malta $0.01 billion $22 0.1

Net official development assistance by country as a percentage of GNI[edit]

The OECD also lists Development Assistance Committee members by the amount of ODA they spend as a percentage of their gross national income:[1]

  1.  Sweden – 1.40%
  2.  Norway – 1.05%
  3.  Luxembourg – 0.93%
  4.  Denmark – 0.85%
  5.  Netherlands – 0.76%
  6.  United Kingdom – 0.71%
  7.  Finland – 0.56%
  8.   Switzerland – 0.52%
  9.  Germany – 0.52%
  10.  Belgium – 0.42%
  11.  France – 0.37%
  12.  Ireland – 0.36%
  13.  Austria – 0.32%
  14.  Canada – 0.28%
  15.  New Zealand – 0.27%
  16.  Australia – 0.27%
  17.  Iceland – 0.24%
  18.  Japan – 0.22%
  19.  Italy – 0.21%
  20.  United States – 0.17%
  21.  Portugal – 0.16%
  22.  Slovenia – 0.15%
  23.  Greece – 0.14%
  24.  South Korea – 0.14%
  25.  Spain – 0.13%
  26.  Czech Republic – 0.12%
  27.  Slovak Republic – 0.10%
  28.  Poland – 0.10%

Non-DAC members reported the following figures

Notes:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d OECD 2016.
  2. ^ Hunt, Michael (2014). The World Transformed 1945 to the Present. New York: New York. pp. 516–517. ISBN 9780199371020.
  3. ^ OECD 2016, p. 3, "In 2015, total net ODA from the 28 EU member states was USD 74 billion, representing 0.47% of their GNI. Net disbursements by EU Institutions were USD 13.8 billion, a slight fall of 0.5% in real terms compared to 2014.".
  4. ^ (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Can Japan compete with China over development aid? | Asia| An in-depth look at news from across the continent | DW | 22.02.2018". DW.COM. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  5. ^ Jennings, Ralph. "China Is Giving More Foreign Aid Than It Gets". Forbes. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
  6. ^ Chandran, Nyshka (2017-10-13). "5 charts that show how China is spending billions in foreign aid". CNBC. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
  7. ^ Hatton, Celia (2017-10-11). "China's secret aid empire uncovered". BBC News. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
  8. ^ "Qatar's annual development aid stands at $2bn, says minister". Gulf-Times (in Arabic). 2017-11-19. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
  9. ^ "Know Everything About How Much India Receives And Donates Foreign Aid - The Logical Indian". The Logical Indian. 2015-11-06. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
  10. ^ Gutiérrez, Alexis; Jaimovich, Dany (2017-05-29). "A new player in the international development community? Chile as an emerging donor". Development Policy Review. 35 (6): 839–858. doi:10.1111/dpr.12266. ISSN 0950-6764.
  11. ^ OECD 2016, p. 3.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]