List of dictionaries by number of words

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This is a list of dictionaries considered authoritative or complete by approximate number of total words, or headwords, included. These figures do not take account of entries with senses for different word classes (such as noun and adjective) and homographs. Although it is possible to count the number of entries in a dictionary, it is not possible to count the number of words in a language.[1][2] In compiling a dictionary, a lexicographer decides whether the evidence of use is sufficient to justify an entry in the dictionary. This decision is not the same as determining whether the word exists.[citation needed]

Language Dictionary Approximate number of words Notes References
Korean 우리말샘 (Woori Mal Saem, 2017) 1,100,373 Online open dictionary including dialects of South and North Korea. [3]
Turkish Büyük Türkçe Sözlük 616,767 Online dictionary of the Turkish Language Association [4]
Swedish Svenska Akademiens ordbok, Swedish Academy ~600,000 After having completed letters A through T SAOB included 470,000 words, but 600,000 words when the alphabet was completed in 2017. Svenska Akademiens ordlista, which includes only commonly used words, currently includes ~126,000 words after having added 13,500 and removed 9,000 in its latest edition, SAOL 14, plus an additional 200,000 still encountered words in earlier editions. [5][6]
Icelandic Orðabók Háskólans ~560,000 43,000 basic words and 519,000 compound words of which more than half are attested only once or don't get into print (“instant combinations”) [7]
Japanese Nihon Kokugo Daijiten 500,000 and more [8]
Lithuanian Lietuvių kalbos žodynas (Academic Dictionary of Lithuanian) 500,000 and more 22,000 pages in 20 volumes with quotations from all kinds of writing and dialect records between 1547 and 2001. Accessible online at www.lkz.lt. [9]
Norwegian Norsk Ordbok ca. 500,000 [10]
Dutch Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal ca. 400,000 The 43 volumes of the WNT (including three supplements) consist of 49,255 pages, describing Dutch words from 1500 to 1976. [11]
German Deutsches Wörterbuch 330,000 330,000 words in use since the mid-fifteenth century. — Duden's Großes Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache contains over 200,000 contemporary words.[12] [13]
Gujarati Bhagavadgomandal 281,377 2.81 lakh words and their meanings in 9 volumes. Also serves as an encyclopedia with almost 8.22 lakh words. [14]
French Trésor de la Langue Française informatisé 270,000 ATILF[15] (Analyse et Traitement Informatique de la Langue Française – Computer Processing and Analysis of the French Language)

135,000 (Larousse Dictionnaire de français, published by Editions Larousse)[16]

[17]
Italian Grande dizionario italiano dell'uso 260,000 and more The number of "sayable and writable" word forms is estimated at over 2 million [18]
Czech cs:Příruční slovník jazyka českého 250,000 Nine volumes of this dictionary were printed in years 1935-1957. They contain about 250,000 words, their meanings and example usage from literature. The dictionary is available online. [19]
English Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition 171,476 Oxford Dictionary has 273,000 headwords; 171,476 of them being in current use, 47,156 being obsolete words and around 9,500 derivative words included as subentries. The dictionary contains 157,000 combinations and derivatives in bold type, and 169,000 phrases and combinations in bold italic type, making a total of over 600,000 word-forms.[20][21]

There is one count that puts the English vocabulary at about 1 million words — but that count presumably includes words such as Latin species names, prefixed and suffixed words, scientific terminology, jargon, foreign words of extremely limited English use and technical acronyms.[22]

[23][24]
English Merriam-Webster, Third Edition and Addenda Section 470,000 [25]
English The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition 350,000 In in the introduction to the 4th and 5th editions, it is mentioned that more than 10,000 words have been added, thus the total for the 5th edition will be more than 370,000 words. [26]
English WordNet, 3.1 207,016 As of November 2012 WordNet's latest Online-version is 3.1. The database contains 155,327 words organized in 175,979 synsets for a total of 207,016 word-sense pairs. [27]
Danish Ordbog over det danske sprog, Dansk Sprognævn 200,000-300,000 Dansk Sprognævn grows with 5,000 to 7,000 words a year [28]
Russian Большой академический словарь русского языка (The Great Academic Dictionary of the Russian Language) 150,000 [29]
Ukrainian Словник української мови (The Dictionary of the Ukrainian language) 134,058 The dictionary was finished in late 1970s - early 1980s [30][31]
Tamil University of Madras Tamil Lexicon 124,405 The dictionary includes 124,405 separate entries. [32]
Portuguese Grande Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa 120,000 The dictionary includes 120,000 separate entries, with 300,000 definitions. [33]
Slovene Slovar slovenskega knjižnega jezika, Second edition, 2014 110,180 The official dictionary of modern Slovene is Slovar slovenskega knjižnega jezika (SSKJ; Standard Slovene Dictionary). It was published in five volumes by Državna Založba Slovenije between 1970 and 1991 and contains more than 100,000 entries and subentries with accentuation, part-of-speech labels, common collocations, and various qualifiers. In the 1990s, an electronic version of the dictionary was published and it is available online. [34]
Spanish Diccionario de la lengua española de la Real Academia Española, 23th edition, 2014 93,000 [35]
Indonesian Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, 4th edition, 2008 90,049
Dutch Van Dale, 14th edition, 2005 90,000 [36]
Bulgarian Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language (monolingual academic explanatory dictionary), (Многотомен) Речник на българския език in Bulgarian, in 15+ volumes 119,200 and more headwords This dictionary covers vocabulary from the last 150 years of the Bulgarian language and is compiled and edited by linguistics (primarily native lexicographers and lexicologists) from The Institute for the Bulgarian Language (part of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences). It includes basic, commonly used, literary, colloquial, dialectical, archaic and obsolete Bulgarian words, as well as some specialized terminology. The latest volume (15th) published in 2015 ends with headwords beginning with the (Bulgarian Cyrillic) letter Р. [37]
Chinese Zhonghua Zihai 85,568 Number of different characters in use throughout several millennia of written history. The Hanyu Da Cidian defines some 370,000 words. [38][39][40]
Malaysian Kamus Dewan, 4th Edition, 2005 82,900
Catalan Diccionari de la llengua catalana (Dictionary of the Catalan language of the Institute of Catalan Studies (DIEC)) 69,988 The dictionary includes 69,988 headwords and 132,343 definitions. [41]
Galician Dicionario da Real Academia Galega (Dictionary of the Royal Galician Academy) almost 60,000 [42]
Classical Latin Oxford Latin Dictionary 39,589 This dictionary includes 39,589 Classical Latin entries, including those borrowed from Greek, Gaulish, other Italic dialects, Sanskrit, as well as others. There are approximately: 10,000 Adjectives, 2,123 Adverbs, 46 Conjunctions, 77 Interjections, 17450 Nouns, 26 Particles, 39 Prepositions, 17 Pronouns, and 5,986 verbs. The remaining entries are references to other entries (such as alternate spellings or archaic versions), prefixes, suffixes, and terms left untranslated by the original editors. [43]
Esperanto Plena Ilustrita Vortaro de Esperanto (Complete Illustrated Dictionary of Esperanto) 16,780 46,890 lexical units [44]
Belarusian Большой словарь белорусского языка 223,000 [45]
Belarusian Слоўнік беларускай мовы 150,000 [46]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "How many words are there in the English language?". Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  2. ^ "The Biggest Vocabulary?". The Economist. 23 June 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  3. ^ ""우리말샘 - 사전 통계"". 우리말샘. Retrieved 2017-11-09.[dead link]
  4. ^ "Büyük Türkçe Sözlük". Turkish Language Association. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Engelsk har næppe flere ord end dansk". videnskab.dk. Retrieved 2016-08-14.
  6. ^ SAOL. Svenska Akademien. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Hvað eru til mörg orð í íslensku?". University of Iceland. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  8. ^ "NIHON KOKUGO DAIJITEN". Indiana University. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  9. ^ "Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language". 2002. Archived from the original on 2017-08-11. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
  10. ^ "Antall ord i norsk". Språkrådet (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  11. ^ "Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal". Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  12. ^ "Großes Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache". Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  13. ^ "Deutsches Wörterbuch von Jacob Grimm und Wilhelm Grimm (The German Dictionary of the Brothers Grimm)". Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities & Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Retrieved 16 August 2016. Also available online.
  14. ^ "What is Bhagavadgomanal?". bhagavadgomandalonline.com. Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  15. ^ "Presentation - Site du laboratoire ATILF". www.atilf.fr. Retrieved 2016-10-28.
  16. ^ "French Dictionary". Larousse. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
  17. ^ "TLFi : Trésor de la Langue Française informatisé - Site du laboratoire ATILF". www.atilf.fr (in French). Retrieved 2016-10-28.
  18. ^ "Quante parole ci sono nel dizionario italiano?". Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  19. ^ "Příruční slovník jazyka českého". www.ujc.cas.cz.
  20. ^ Robert McCrum, William Cran, & Robert MacNeil. The Story of English. New York: Penguin, 1992: 1
  21. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition, Volume 1. Oxford University Press, 1989.
  22. ^ Algeo 1999.
  23. ^ "How many words are there in the English language?". Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  24. ^ Bas Aarts; Sylvia Chalker; Edmund Weiner (16 January 2014). The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar. OUP Oxford. pp. 436–. ISBN 978-0-19-107900-9.
  25. ^ "How many words are there in English? | Merriam-Webster". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2018-05-15.
  26. ^ https://www.amazon.com/American-Heritage-Dictionary-English-Language/dp/0395448956
  27. ^ https://wordnet.princeton.edu
  28. ^ "Engelsk har næppe flere ord end dansk". videnskab.dk. Retrieved 2016-08-14.
  29. ^ Karamian, Mark M.; Golovan, Stanislav A. "THE GREAT ACADEMIC DICTIONARY OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE". Academia.edu. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  30. ^ [1]
  31. ^ [2]
  32. ^ [3]. TheHindu.com. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  33. ^ Entry at Amazon. Amazon.com. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
  34. ^ http://www.mladinska.com/sskj/o_drugi_izdaji_sskj
  35. ^ "Presentación" (in Spanish). Real Academia Española. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  36. ^ "Structure and history of the Dutch language". Free University of Berlin, Department for Dutch Linguistics. September 14, 2009. Retrieved June 26, 2011.
  37. ^ "Online edition of the 15 volumes of The (Explanatory) Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language (in Bulgarian)". many publishers, primarily The Academic Publishing House of The Institute for the Bulgarian Language. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
  38. ^ Shouhui Zhao, Dongbo Zhang, The Totality of Chinese Characters – A Digital Perspective Archived July 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  39. ^ Daniel G. Peebles, SCML: A Structural Representation for Chinese Characters, May 29, 2007
  40. ^ Victor H. Mair, Who Has the Biggest Dictionary?, October 9, 2008. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  41. ^ Institut d'Estudis Catalans (February 2013). "Diccionari de la llengua catalana. Introducció - Part II". Institut d'Estudis Catalans. Archived from the original on 2007-07-07. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
  42. ^ [4]
  43. ^ Oxford Latin Dictionary, Oxford University Press, 1968.
  44. ^ Blahuš, Marek. A Spell Checker for Esperanto. Brno : Masaryk University, Faculty of Informatics, 2008. 40 pp. Bachelor thesis. Text in English. Supervisor RNDr. Petr Sojka, Ph.D. Available online: [5] p. 17
  45. ^ [6]
  46. ^ [7]