List of diplomatic missions of the Philippines

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Countries hosting diplomatic mission of the Philippines

The Republic of the Philippines has a network of diplomatic missions in major cities around the world, under the purview of the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), to forward the country's interests in the areas that they serve, as well as to serve the ever-growing numbers of Overseas Filipinos and Overseas Filipino Workers.

Although the Philippine diplomatic mission network is wide, there are embassies that are accredited to other nations without Philippine diplomatic posts. The network as of February 2024 consists of 63 embassies, 26 consulates-general, 4 permanent missions to international organizations, and the Manila Economic and Cultural Office (MECO) in Taipei, and its two extension offices.

Excluded from this listing are honorary consulates, branches of the Sentro Rizal, overseas offices of the Department of Tourism and the Department of Migrant Workers, and trade missions (with the exception of MECO, which serves as the Philippines' de facto embassy to Taiwan).

History[edit]

Although attempts at initial diplomatic relations were made during the Philippine Revolution and the time of the First Philippine Republic, most nations have established diplomatic relations with the Philippines only in the years after the country achieved independence from the United States in 1946.

The first documented instance of a diplomatic mission of the Philippines being established abroad was that of the embassy in Tokyo, which was opened by the Second Philippine Republic, a puppet state of the Empire of Japan, on March 24, 1944, with Jorge B. Vargas as its first ambassador.[1] However, the mission was summarily closed with Japan's defeat in World War II, and as it was never recognized by the pre-war Commonwealth of the Philippines,[2] the oldest continually-operating Philippine diplomatic mission is that of the embassy in Washington, D.C., replacing the office of the Resident Commissioner of the Philippines after the country achieved independence from the United States on July 4, 1946,[2] and led by Joaquín Miguel Elizalde as its first ambassador.[3] This was followed shortly thereafter with the establishment of the permanent mission to the United Nations.[3]

A number of missions were opened in the first years after independence. In his 1947 State of the Nation Address (SONA), President Manuel Roxas announced that missions in a number of other cities were also opened aside from the embassy in Washington, D.C.;[4] these included the first consulates general in New York City, San Francisco, and Honolulu, as well as consulates in Xiamen and Hong Kong.[5] Additional missions were opened the following year, including the first missions in Europe (in London, Madrid and Rome) and Latin America (in Buenos Aires).[6] By 1952, the Philippine foreign service had grown to encompass missions in 11 countries,[7] and by 1965 grew further to missions in 36 countries worldwide.[8]

The Philippines' diplomatic presence grew significantly during the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos, spurred in part by the normalization of relations with the Eastern Bloc in the early 1970s.[9] Philippine diplomatic missions were present in 43 countries by 1978,[10] with additional missions opening the following year, particularly in the Middle East.[11] By 1981, there were 63 countries worldwide hosting Philippine diplomatic missions.[12] Several missions, however, would be closed at the tail end of the Marcos presidency and in the years thereafter as part of a series of cost reduction programs.

Another expansion of the country's diplomatic presence took place during the presidency of Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, with 67 countries hosting Philippine diplomatic missions by the end of her presidency. This, however, was not without controversy: in 2010 Senator Franklin Drilon questioned the need for embassies in countries with small Filipino communities, calling for a review of the Philippines' diplomatic presence worldwide.[13] Arroyo's successor, Benigno Aquino III, then announced two years later the closure of ten posts (seven embassies and three consulates general): Caracas, Venezuela; Koror, Palau; Dublin, Ireland; Stockholm, Sweden; Bucharest, Romania; Havana, Cuba; Helsinki, Finland; Barcelona, Spain; Frankfurt, Germany and Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands.[14] The closures have since been partially reversed under Aquino's successor, Rodrigo Duterte, as the consulate-general in Barcelona was set to reopen by 2019 after the House of Representatives passed a resolution urging the DFA to do so.[15] On 24 September 2018, the consulate general in Houston was reopened, 25 years after its closure, while the consulate general in Frankfurt was reopened on 15 January 2019,[16] and the embassy in Stockholm was reopened on 11 May 2020.[17][18]

On January 14, 2019, the Philippines opened its embassy in Copenhagen, Denmark, the first new embassy to open since 2012,[19] while the first new consulate to open since 2012 opened in Nagoya, Japan on December 1, 2020.[20] In recent years, the government has announced its intention to open new missions, including new embassies in Colombia,[21] Ethiopia,[21] Kazakhstan,[21] Panama,[22] and Ukraine,[23] as well as reopening the embassies in Cuba, Ireland, and Palau.[21]

Current missions[edit]

Africa[edit]

Host country Host city Mission Head of mission Concurrent accreditation Ref.
 Egypt Cairo Embassy Ezzedin H. Tago
Countries:
[24][25]
 Kenya Nairobi Embassy Marie Charlotte G. Tang [26][27]
 Libya Tripoli Embassy Alan Roi Q. Gabriola
Chargé d'Affaires, e.p.
Countries:
[28][29]
 Morocco Rabat Embassy Leslie J. Baja
Countries:
[30]
 Nigeria Abuja Embassy Roderico C. Atienza
Chargé d'Affaires, a.i.
[31][32]
 South Africa Pretoria Embassy Noralyn J. Baja [33][34]

Americas[edit]

Host country Host city Mission Head of mission Concurrent accreditation Ref.
 Argentina Buenos Aires Embassy Grace T. Cruz-Fabella
Countries:
[35][36]
 Brazil Brasília Embassy Joseph Gerard B. Angeles
Countries:
[37][38]
 Canada Ottawa Embassy Maria Andrelita S. Austria
International Organizations:
[39][40]
Calgary Consulate-General Zaldy B. Patron [39][41]
Toronto Consulate-General Angelica C. Escalona [39][42][43]
Vancouver Consulate-General Arlene T. Magno [39][44][45]
 Chile Santiago de Chile Embassy Celeste S. Vinzon-Balatbat
Countries:
[46][47]
 Mexico Mexico City Embassy Lilybeth R. Deapera [48][49]
 United States Washington, D.C. Embassy Jose Manuel G. Romualdez
International Organizations:
[50][51][52]
Chicago Consulate-General J. Susana V. Paez [50][53][54]
Hagåtña, Guam Consulate-General Rosario P. Lemque [50][55][56]
Honolulu Consulate-General Emilio T. Fernandez [50][57]
Houston Consulate-General Jerril G. Santos [50][58]
Los Angeles Consulate-General Edgar B. Badajos [50][59]
New York City Consulate-General Senen T. Mangalile [50][60][61]
San Francisco Consulate-General Neil Frank R. Ferrer [50][62]

Asia[edit]

Host country Host city Mission Head of mission Concurrent accreditation Ref.
 Bahrain Manama Embassy Anne Jalando-on Louis [63][64]
 Bangladesh Dhaka Embassy Leo Tito L. Ausan Jr.
Countries:
[65][66]
 Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Embassy Marian Jocelyn T. Ignacio [67][68]
 Cambodia Phnom Penh Embassy Ma. Amelita C. Aquino [69][70]
 China Beijing Embassy Jaime A. FlorCruz
Countries:
[71][72][73]
Chongqing Consulate-General Flerida Ann Camille P. Mayo [71][74]
Guangzhou Consulate-General Marshall Louis M. Alferez [71][75]
Hong Kong Consulate-General Raly L. Tejada [71][76]
Macau Consulate-General Porfirio M. Mayo Jr. [71][77]
Shanghai Consulate-General Josel F. Ignacio [71][78]
Xiamen Consulate-General Maria Antonina M. Oblena [71][79]
 East Timor Dili Embassy Belinda M. Ante [80][81]
 India New Delhi Embassy John Boitte C. Santos
Chargé d'Affaires, a.i.
Countries:
[82][83][84]
 Indonesia Jakarta Embassy Gina A. Jamoralin [85]
Manado Consulate-General Mary Jennifer Domingo Dingal [85][86]
 Iran Tehran Embassy Roberto G. Manalo
Countries:
[87][88]
 Iraq Baghdad Embassy Christopher P. Castillo
Chargé d'Affaires, a.i.
[89]
 Israel Tel Aviv Embassy Pedro R. Laylo Jr. [90][91]
 Japan Tokyo Embassy Mylene J. Garcia-Albano
Countries:
[92][93][94]
Nagoya Consulate-General Roy B. Ecraela [92]
Osaka Consulate-General Voltaire D. Mauricio [92][95]
 Jordan Amman Embassy Wilfredo C. Santos
Countries:
[96][97]
 Kuwait Kuwait City Embassy Jose A. Cabrera III [98][99]
 Laos Vientiane Embassy Deena Joy D. Amatong [100][101]
 Lebanon Beirut Embassy Raymond R. Balatbat [102][103]
 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Embassy Charles C. José [104][105][106]
 Myanmar Yangon Embassy Enrique Voltaire G. Pingol
Chargé d'Affaires, a.i.
[107][108]
 Oman Muscat Embassy Raul S. Hernandez [109][110]
 Pakistan Islamabad Embassy Maria Agnes M. Cervantes
Countries:
[111][112]
 Qatar Doha Embassy Lilibeth V. Pono [113][114]
 Republic of China (Taiwan)[c] Taipei Economic & Cultural Office Silvestre H. Bello III
Chairman & Resident Representative
[115]
Kaohsiung Extension Office [115]
Taichung Extension Office [115]
 Saudi Arabia Riyadh Embassy Rommel A. Romato
Chargé d'Affaires, a.i.
Countries:
[116][117]
Jeddah Consulate-General Edgar Tomas Q. Auxilian [116][118]
 Singapore Singapore Embassy Medardo G. Macaraig [119][120]
 South Korea Seoul Embassy Ma. Theresa B. Dizon-de Vega [121][122][123]
 Syria Damascus Embassy John G. Reyes
Chargé d'Affaires, e.p.
[124]
 Thailand Bangkok Embassy Millicent Cruz-Paredes [125][126]
 Turkey Ankara Embassy Henry S. Bensurto Jr.
Countries:
[127][128]
Istanbul Consulate-General Shirlene C. Mananquil [127]
 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Embassy Alfonso A. Ver
International Organizations:
[129][130]
Dubai Consulate-General Renato N. Dueñas Jr. [130][131]
 Vietnam Hanoi Embassy Meynardo L.B. Montealegre [132][133]

Europe[edit]

Host country Host city Mission Head of mission Concurrent accreditation Ref.
 Austria Vienna Embassy Evangelina Lourdes A. Bernas
Countries:
[134][135][136]
 Belgium Brussels Embassy Jaime Victor B. Ledda
Countries:
International Organizations:
[137][138]
 Czech Republic Prague Embassy Eduardo Martin R. Meñez [139]
 Denmark Copenhagen Embassy Leo M. Herrera-Lim [140]
 France Paris Embassy Junever M. Mahilum-West
Countries:
International Organizations:
[141][142]
 Germany Berlin Embassy Irene Susan B. Natividad [143][144]
Frankfurt Consulate-General Marie Yvette L. Banzon-Abalos [143][145][146]
 Greece Athens Embassy Giovanni E. Palec
Countries:
[147][148]
 Holy See[d] Rome Embassy Myla Grace Ragenia C. Macahilig
Sovereign entity:
[149]
 Hungary Budapest Embassy Frank R. Cimafranca [150][151]
 Italy Rome Embassy Nathaniel G. Imperial
Countries:
[152][153]
Milan Consulate-General Elmer G. Cato [152][154]
 Netherlands The Hague Embassy J. Eduardo E. Malaya III
International Organizations:
[155][156][157]
 Norway Oslo Embassy Enrico T. Fos
Countries:
[158][159]
 Poland Warsaw Embassy Leah B. Ruiz
Countries:
[160][161]
 Portugal Lisbon Embassy Paul Raymund P. Cortes [162][163]
 Russia Moscow Embassy Igor G. Bailen
Countries:
[164][165]
 Spain Madrid Embassy Philippe J. Lhuillier
Countries:
International Organizations:
[166][167][168][169]
Barcelona Consulate-General Ma. Therese S.M. Lázaro [167][170]
 Sweden Stockholm Embassy Maria Lumen B. Isleta
Countries:
[18]
  Switzerland Bern Embassy Bernard F. Dy
Countries:
[171]
 United Kingdom London Embassy Teodoro L. Locsin Jr.
Countries:
International Organizations:
[172]

Oceania[edit]

Host country Host city Mission Head of mission Concurrent accreditation Ref.
 Australia Canberra Embassy Ma. Hellen Barber de la Vega
Countries:
[173][174]
Melbourne Consulate-General Maria Lourdes M. Salcedo [174][175]
Sydney Consulate-General Charmaine Rowena C. Aviquivil [174][176]
 New Zealand Wellington Embassy Kira Christianne D. Azucena
Countries:
[177][178]
 Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Embassy Ariz Severino V. Convalecer
Chargé d'Affaires, a.i.
Countries:
[179]

Multilateral organizations[edit]

Organization Host city Host country Mission Head of mission Concurrent accreditation Ref.
 Association of Southeast Asian Nations Jakarta Indonesia Permanent Mission Hjayceelyn M. Quintana [180][181]
 United Nations New York City United States Permanent Mission Antonio M. Lagdameo
International Organizations:
[182][183]
Geneva Switzerland Permanent Mission Carlos D. Sorreta [181]
 World Trade Organization Geneva Switzerland Permanent Mission Manuel Antonio J. Teehankee [181][184]

Gallery[edit]

Closed missions[edit]

Africa[edit]

Host country Host city Mission Year closed Ref.
 Gabon Libreville Embassy Unknown [185][failed verification]
 Madagascar Antananarivo Embassy Unknown [8]
 Senegal Dakar Embassy 1993 [186]

Americas[edit]

Host country Host city Mission Year closed Ref.
 Canada Winnipeg Consulate-General 1985 [187]
 Cuba Havana Embassy 2012 [14]
 Peru Lima Embassy 1993 [186]
 United States New Orleans Consulate-General 1985 [187]
Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands Consulate-General 2012 [14]
Seattle Consulate-General Unknown [8][188]
 Venezuela Caracas Embassy 2012 [14]

Asia[edit]

Host country Host city Mission Year closed Ref.
 South Vietnam[e] Saigon Embassy 1975 [189]
 Sri Lanka Colombo Embassy 1993 [190][186]

Europe[edit]

Host country Host city Mission Year closed Ref.
 East Germany[f] East Berlin Embassy 1990
 Finland Helsinki Embassy 2012 [14]
 Germany Bonn Embassy Extension Office[g] 2008 [191]
Hamburg Consulate-General 2009 [192]
 Ireland Dublin Embassy 2012 [14]
 Romania Bucharest Embassy 2012 [14]
 Yugoslavia Belgrade Embassy 1992 [193][194]

Oceania[edit]

Host country Host city Mission Year closed Ref.
 Micronesia Kolonia Embassy 1993 [186]
 Palau Koror Embassy 2012 [14]

Multilateral organizations[edit]

Organization Host city Host country Mission Year closed Ref.
European Communities Brussels Belgium Permanent Mission 1985 [187]
 UNESCO Paris France Permanent Mission 1985 [187]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Accredited as an observer mission.
  2. ^ Bhutan is listed only under the consular jurisdiction of the Philippine Embassy in New Delhi. As of 2023, the two countries have yet to establish formal diplomatic relations.
  3. ^ The Philippines does not have formal relations with Taiwan, since the establishment of relations with the People's Republic of China in 1975. Nonetheless, its economic and cultural office in Taipei - along with its extension offices in Taichung and Kaohsiung - functions as a de facto embassy.
  4. ^ The Philippine Embassy to the Holy See is located outside Vatican territory in Rome.
  5. ^ The embassy closed down on 29 April 1975, in the midst of the Fall of Saigon, which marked the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a transition period to the formal reunification of Vietnam.
  6. ^ The Philippines closed its embassy in East Berlin upon the reunification of Germany in 1990, which saw the dissolution of the Democratic Republic of Germany. More information is available on the article on the current Philippine embassy in Berlin
  7. ^ The Philippine embassy to West Germany was hosted in Bonn. Following the reunification of Germany in 1990, the embassy for the unified Germany was still maintained in Bonn. The embassy moved to Berlin in 1999, though the chancery in Bonn housed an extension office which remained operational until 2008. More information is available on the article on the current Philippine embassy in Berlin

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b "Letter of President Roxas to General MacArthur on sending a five-man Commission on Reparations". Official Gazette. 6 January 1947. Retrieved 24 October 2021. Concerning quarters for the Philippine personnel for this Commission and others we may send in the future, will you kindly consider the possibility of housing them in the building formerly occupied by the Philippine Embassy and which has been purchased by the Puppet Republic?
  3. ^ a b "Appointments and Designations: July 1946". Official Gazette. 31 March 1957. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  4. ^ "State of the Nation Address of President Roxas, January 27, 1947". Official Gazette. 27 January 1947. Retrieved 24 October 2021. Consistent with our new status as a Republic, we have organized a Foreign Affairs Department and a Foreign Service, and established an embassy at Washington and consular offices in a number of places abroad.
  5. ^ "Executive Order No. 94, s. 1947". Official Gazette. 4 October 1947. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  6. ^ "State-of-the-Nation Message of President Quirino to the Joint Session of the Congress of the Philippines". Official Gazette. 24 January 1949. Retrieved 5 December 2020. For our part, we have diplomatic establishments' in eight nations and consular representatives in seventeen cities. We have recently established Philippine legations in London, Rome, Madrid, Nanking, Buenos Aires and a special mission in Tokyo.
  7. ^ "Administrative Order No. 205, s. 1952". Official Gazette. 3 December 1952. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  8. ^ a b c "Administrative Order No. 116, s. 1965". Official Gazette. 20 March 1965. Archived from the original on 28 October 2021. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  9. ^ "Official Week in Review: September 21 – September 27, 1973". Official Gazette. October 1973. Retrieved 12 November 2021. THE PHILIPPINES and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) established formal diplomatic relations it was announced by the Department of Foreign Affairs. The Philippine-East German agreement is the first of four contemplated agreements with socialist countries of Eastern Europe which the President had specifically instructed Secretary of Foreign Affairs Carlos P. Romulo to negotiate.
  10. ^ "Letter of Implementation No. 63, s. 1978". Official Gazette. 16 March 1978. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
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  20. ^ Okada, Kaoru (5 December 2020). "在名古屋フィリピン総領事館が1日開設され、一部業務を開始" [The Philippine Consulate General in Nagoya opened on the 1st and started some operations]. Manila Shimbun (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 5 December 2020. Retrieved 4 December 2022.
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  22. ^ Mercene, Recto (20 August 2017). "Diplomat bridges distance by deepening Panama-PHL partnership". BusinessMirror. Retrieved 14 September 2022.
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  34. ^ "Embassy of the Philippines – Pretoria, South Africa". Embassy of the Philippines – Pretoria, South Africa. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 3 January 2024.
  35. ^ "ARGENTINA". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  36. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina (in Spanish). Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  37. ^ "Home". Embassy of the Philippines; Brasilia - DF, Brazil. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  38. ^ "BRAZIL". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  39. ^ a b c d "CANADA". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  40. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Ottawa, Canada. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
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  42. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Consulate General in Toronto, Canada. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
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  44. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Consulate General in Vancouver, Canada. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
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  46. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Santiago, Chile. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  47. ^ "CHILE". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  48. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Mexico, Mexico. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  49. ^ "MEXICO". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  50. ^ a b c d e f g h "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
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  52. ^ "Permanent Observers". Organization of American States. August 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2024.
  53. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Consulate General in Chicago, United States of America. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  54. ^ "Home". Consulate General of the Philippines - Chicago. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  55. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Consulate General in Agana, United States of America. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  56. ^ "Home". Philippine Consulate General in Agana, Guam. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  57. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Consulate General in Honolulu, Hawaii. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  58. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Consulate General in Houston, Texas. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  59. ^ "Consular & Other Services". Philippine Consulate General in Los Angeles. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  60. ^ "Home". Philippine Consulate General, New York. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
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  62. ^ "Home". Philippine Consulate General in San Francisco. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  63. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Manama, Bahrain. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  64. ^ "BAHRAIN". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  65. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  66. ^ "BANGLADESH". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  67. ^ "BRUNEI". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  68. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Brunei, Brunei. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  69. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  70. ^ "CAMBODIA". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  71. ^ a b c d e f g "CHINA". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  72. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Beijing, China. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  73. ^ "Home". The Philippine Embassy in China. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  74. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Consulate General Chongqing, China. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  75. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Consulate General in Guangzhou, China. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  76. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Consulate General in Hongkong SAR. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  77. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Consulate General in Macau, Macau. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  78. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Consulate General in Shanghai, China. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  79. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Consulate General Xiamen, China. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  80. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Dili, Timor-Leste. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  81. ^ "TIMOR LESTE". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  82. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in New Delhi, India. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  83. ^ "INDIA". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  84. ^ "PH Takes Initial Step Toward Diplomatic Relations with Bhutan" (Press release). Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 21 May 2021.
  85. ^ a b "INDONESIA". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  86. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Consulate General Manado, Indonesia. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  87. ^ "IRAN". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  88. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Tehran, Iran. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  89. ^ "IRAQ". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  90. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Tel-Aviv, Israel. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  91. ^ "ISRAEL". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  92. ^ a b c "JAPAN". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  93. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Tokyo, Japan. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  94. ^ "Philippine Embassy – Tokyo, Japan | フィリピン 共和国 大使館". Homepage (in English and Japanese). Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  95. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Consulate General Osaka, Japan. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  96. ^ "JORDAN". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  97. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Amman, Jordan. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  98. ^ "KUWAIT". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  99. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Kuwait, Kuwait. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  100. ^ "LAOS". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  101. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Vientiane, Laos. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  102. ^ "LEBANON". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  103. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  104. ^ "Home". The Official Website of the Philippine Embassy in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  105. ^ "Home". Embassy of the Philippines - Kuala Lumpur. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  106. ^ "MALAYSIA". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
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