List of diplomats of the United Kingdom to Iran
The Ambassador of the United Kingdom to Iran is the United Kingdom's foremost diplomatic representative in the Islamic Republic of Iran, and in charge of the UK's diplomatic mission in Iran. The official title is Her Majesty's Ambassador to the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Although Britain and Iran (originally Persia) did not enter into formal diplomatic relations until 1807, British and Iranians had been in informal contact since the early 17th century when the East India Company developed trade links with the Persian kingdom. Initially, diplomatic missions comprised a legation until they were promoted to embassy status in 1943.
At various times in history during crises or disputes, Britain has had no diplomatic presence in the country, and has either relied on other nations as protecting powers, or has had a non-resident diplomat.
Heads of Mission
Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary (1807–1944)
- 1807–1811: Sir Harford Jones-Brydges, 1st Baronet, envoy extraordinary
- 1810–1814: Sir Gore Ouseley, Bt, ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary
- April 1814–October 1815: James Morier, Minister Plenipotentiary (ad interim)
- 13 April 1814: Sir Henry Ellis, Deputy Minister Plenipotentiary (ad interim), in James Morier's absence
- 1815–22, 1823–26: Henry Willock, chargé d'affaires
- 1822–23: Major George Willock, deputy chargé d'affaires
- 29 July 1826: Colonel John Macdonald Kinneir, Envoy Extraordinary from Government of India
- 4 December 1833: Sir John Campbell, appointed to negotiate a treaty
- 1835–1836: Sir Henry Ellis, ambassador
- 1836–1842: Sir John McNeill, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary
- No representation during the Siege of Herat
- 1844–1854: Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Justin Sheil, secretary of legation February 1836, Head of Mission 1839–44, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary 1844–54
- 1847–49: Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Farrant, chargé d'affaires
- 1849, 1853–55: Sir William Taylour Thomson, chargé d'affaires
- 1854–1855: Sir Charles Murray, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary
- 1855–1857: No representation due to the Anglo-Persian War
- 1857–1858: Sir Charles Murray, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary
- 1858–59: William Doria, chargé d'affaires
- 1859–1860: Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Henry Rawlinson, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary
- November–December 1859: Sir Ronald Thomson, chargé d'affaires
- 1860–1872: Charles Alison, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary April 1872
- May–July 1860: Captain (later Colonel Sir) Lewis Pelly, chargé d'affaires
- November–December 1862: Sir Ronald Thomson, chargé d'affaires
- December 1862–January 1863: Edward Eastwick, chargé d'affaires
- 1863, 1869–70: Sir Ronald Thomson, chargé d'affaires
- April–May 1872: William Dickson, chargé d'affaires
- 1872–73: Sir Ronald Thomson, chargé d'affaires
- 1872–1879: Sir William Taylour Thomson, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary
- 1878–79: Sir Ronald Thomson, chargé d'affaires
- 1879–1887: Sir Ronald Ferguson Thomson, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary
- 1887–1891: Sir Henry Drummond Wolff
- 1889, November 1890, November 1891: Robert John Kennedy, chargé d'affaires
- 1891–1894: Sir Frank Lascelles
- 1894: Sir Conyngham Greene, chargé d'affaires
- 1894–1900: Sir Mortimer Durand
- October 1900–1906: Sir Arthur Hardinge (appointed Consul-General)
- 1906–1908: Sir Cecil Spring Rice
- 1908–1912: Sir George Barclay
- 1912–1915: Sir Walter Townley
- 1915–1918: Sir Charles Marling
- 1918–1920: Sir Percy Cox (ad interim)
- 1920–1921: Herman Norman
- 1921–1926: Sir Percy Loraine, Bt
- 1926–1931: Sir Robert Clive
- 1931–1934: Sir Reginald Hoare
- 1934–1936: Sir Hughe Knatchbull-Hugessen
- 1936–1939: Sir Horace Seymour
- 1942–1944: Sir Reader Bullard
Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary (1944–1980)
- 1944–1946: Sir Reader Bullard
- 1946–1950: Sir John Le Rougetel
- 1950–1952: Sir Francis Shepherd
- 1952–1953: No representation due to the nationalisation of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company
- 1954–1958: Sir Roger Stevens
- 1958–1963: Sir Geoffrey Harrison
- 1963–1971: Sir Denis Wright
- 1971–1974: Hon. Sir Peter Ramsbotham
- 1974–1979: Sir Anthony Parsons
- 1979–1980: Sir John Graham
Head of British Interests Section, Royal Swedish Embassy, Tehran (1980–1990)
In 1980 Britain closed its embassy in Tehran after a brief occupation of the compound in the wake of the Iran hostage crisis, the Iranian Embassy siege and was subsequently represented in the country by Sweden as a protecting power. Nonetheless, a small detachment of British personnel maintained a presence at the Swedish Embassy.
- 1980–1981: Stephen Barrett
- 1981–1983: Nicholas John Barrington C.V.O.
- 1982-1988: unknown. In May 1986 Iran blocked the appointment of Hugh James Arbuthnott as head of the British Interests Section in the Swedish embassy in Tehran. This was in retaliation for Britain refusing to accept Hussein Malouk as Iranian chargé d'affaires in London, due to his participation in the 1979 student takeover of the U.S. embassy,
- 1988: Paul Andrew Ramsay Senior Visa Officer British Interests Section, Tehran
- 1989–1990: No representation due to the fatwā issued against Salman Rushdie
Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary (1990–present)
- 1990–1993: David Reddaway, Chargé d'affaires
- 1993–1997: Sir Jeffrey Russell James, Chargé d'affaires
- 1997–2002: Sir Nicholas Browne
- 2003–2006: Sir Richard Dalton
- 2006–2009: Sir Geoffrey Adams
- 2009–2011: Sir Simon Gass
- 2011–2011: Dominick Chilcott
The British Embassy in Tehran was closed following an attack on the Embassy on 29 November 2011. Sweden represented British interests in Iran through a British interests section at the Swedish Embassy in Tehran. On 11 November 2013 the UK government appointed a non-resident chargé d'affaires to Iran.
- 2013–2015: Ajay Sharma (non-resident Chargé d'affaires)
- August–November 2015: Ajay Sharma (chargé d'affaires)
- December 2015–March 2018: Nicholas Hopton (as Chargé d'affaires until September 2016; then as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary)
- April 2018–present: Robert Macaire
- "Great Britain". Encyclopædia Iranica. 23 April 2012.
- J. Haydn, Book of Dignities (1851), 86.
- British Diplomatic Representatives in Iran 1800-1950. British Library. Accessed 3 February 2015.
- The London Gazette, 10 March 1810
- "Court Circular". The Times (36085). London. 9 March 1900. p. 6.
- "No. 27263". The London Gazette. 4 January 1901. p. 81.
- "DALTON, Sir Richard (John)". Who's Who 2008. A & C Black. 2008. Retrieved 12 October 2008.
- "UK for Iranians". Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link), British Embassy Tehran
- Appointment of UK non-resident Chargé d'Affaires to Iran, Foreign & Commonwealth Office, 11 November 2013
- British embassy in Tehran reopens four years after closure, BBC News, 23 August 2015
- UK appoints first ambassador to Iran in five years, BBC News, 5 September 2016
- Chargé d'Affaires to Iran appointed, Foreign & Commonwealth Office, 30 December 2015
- "Change of Her Majesty's Ambassador to Iran in April 2018". Foreign & Commonwealth Office. 14 March 2018.
- UK and Iran, gov.uk