List of disasters in Canada

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This is a list of disasters (man-made and natural) in Canada arranged by date. For a list organized by number of fatalities, see List of Canadian disasters by death toll.



Pre-colonial period
Date Disaster Type Location Region Notes


Colonial period
Date Disaster Type Location Region Notes
1689 August 6 Lachine massacre Massacre Lachine, District of Montreal, Canada, New France
(Lachine, Quebec)
Central Canada
1700 Eruption of Tseax Cone Volcanic eruption Tseax Cone, British Columbia West Coast one of Canada's worst known geophysical disasters
1732 September 16 Montreal earthquake Earthquake District of Montreal, Canada, New France
(Montreal-region, Quebec)
Central Canada
1825 October 7 Miramichi Fire Fire Miramichi, New Brunswick, British North America
(Miramichi, New Brunswick)
1864 June 29 St-Hilaire train disaster Train wreck Mont Saint Hilaire, Canada East, Province of Canada, British North America
(Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec)
Central Canada


Early Dominion Period
Date Disaster Type Location Region Notes
1877 June 20 Great Fire of Saint John Fire Saint John, New Brunswick Maritimes
1881 May 24 Queen Victoria river steamer sinking Shipwreck
1887 Nanaimo mine explosion Mining disaster Nanaimo, British Columbia West Coast 148 dead
1889 September 19 Québec rockslide Geologic collapse near Quebec City, Quebec Central Canada
1892 July 8 The Great Fire of 1892 Fire St. John's, Newfoundland Island, Dominion of Newfoundland
(St. John's, Newfoundland)
Atlantic Canada
1896 May 26 Point Ellice Bridge disaster Traffic-rail accident Victoria, British Columbia West Coast
1900 April 26 Great Hull Fire Fire Ottawa-Hull, Ontario-Quebec Central Canada kills 7 people and destroys 4000 buildings in Hull (Québec) and Ottawa (Ontario)
1903 April 29 Frank Slide at Turtle Mountain Geologic collapse Turtle Mountain, District of Alberta, Northwest Territories
(Turtle Mountain, Alberta)
1906 September 25 Sternwheeler Columbian disaster Shipwreck At Eagle Rock on the Yukon River, Yukon Northern Canada
1907 August 29 First Quebec Bridge Collapse Engineering disaster Quebec City, Quebec Central Canada
1910 March 4 Rogers Pass avalanche Avalanche Rogers Pass, British Columbia West Coast
1912 April 15 Sinking of the RMS Titanic Shipwreck Atlantic Ocean, off the Grand Banks of Newfoundland Atlantic Canada
1912 June 30 Regina Cyclone Tornado Regina, Saskatchewan Prairies
1913 November The Great Lakes Storm of 1913 Meteorological storm Ontario Central Canada
1914 June 19 Hillcrest mine disaster Mining disaster Hillcrest, Alberta Prairies
1914 May 29 RMS Empress of Ireland collision Shipwreck Saint Lawrence River in Quebec Central Canada
1915 Britannia Landslide Geologic collapse Britannia Mine, British Columbia West Coast Massive landslide kills 50–60 people
1916 February 3 Burning of Parliament Buildings Fire Ottawa, Ontario Central Canada
1916 July Matheson Fire Fire Northeastern Ontario Central Canada
1916 Second Quebec Bridge Collapse Engineering disaster Quebec City, Quebec Central Canada


Pre-Centennial Period
Date Disaster Type Location Region Notes
1917 December 6 Halifax Explosion Wartime explosion Halifax, Nova Scotia Maritimes World War I
1918 September 10 Protection Island mining disaster Mining disaster Nanaimo elevator cable snaps, 16 dead
1921 Debris flood Flood Britannia Creek, British Columbia West Coast Debris flood torrent kills 37 people in Britannia Beach
1922 October 4 and 5 The Great Fire Fire Timsikaming District, Ontario Central Canada
1925 February 2 Charlevoix–Kamouraska earthquake Earthquake Charlevoix-region, Quebec Central Canada
1927 January 9 Laurier Palace Theatre fire Fire Montreal, Quebec Central Canada
1929 November 18 Grand Banks earthquake and tsunami Tsunami and earthquake Burin Peninsula Atlantic Canada
1942 December 12 Knights of Columbus Hostel fire Fire St John's, Newfoundland Atlantic Canada
1946 June 23 Vancouver Island earthquake Earthquake Vancouver Island, British Columbia West Coast
1949 September 17 SS Noronic fire Fire/shipwreck Toronto, Ontario Central Canada
1950 1950 Red River flood Flood Manitoba Prairies
1954 Hurricane Hazel Hurricane Ontario Central Canada
1956 May 15 Villa St. Louis disaster Aircrash Ontario Central Canada
1956 December 9 Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 810 Aircrash British Columbia West Coast
1958 June 17 Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing collapse Engineering disaster Vancouver, B.C. West Coast
1958 October 23 Springhill mining disaster Mining disaster Springhill, Nova Scotia Maritimes
1959 June 20} Escuminac disaster Hurricane New Brunswick Maritimes
1963 November 29 Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 831 Aircrash Sainte-Thérèse-de-Blainville, Quebec Central Canada
1965 January 9 Hope Slide Geologic collapse Hope, British Columbia West Coast
1965 March 1 LaSalle Heights disaster Explosion LaSalle, Quebec Central Canada
1966 October 7 Dorion level crossing accident Rail disaster Dorion, Quebec Central Canada


Post-Centennial Period
Date Disaster Type Location Region Notes
1970 July 5 Air Canada Flight 621 Aircrash Ontario Central Canada
1971 May 4 Saint-Jean-Vianney landslide Geologic collapse Saint-Jean-Vianney, Quebec Central Canada
1972 September 1 Blue Bird Café fire Fire Montreal, Quebec Central Canada
1977 June 21 Saint John city hall fire Fire Saint John, New Brunswick Maritimes
1979 November 10 Mississauga train derailment Rail disaster Missassauga, Ontario Central Canada
1982 February 15 Ocean Ranger sinking Shipwreck Grand Banks of Newfoundland Atlantic Canada
1985 May 31 1985 Barrie tornado outbreak Tornadoes Barrie, Ontario Central Canada
1985 December 12 Arrow Air Flight 1285 Aircrash Gander, Newfoundland Atlantic Canada
1986 February 8 Hinton train collision Rail disaster Alberta Prairies
1986 June 14 Mindbender crash Rail accident Galaxyland, West Edmonton Mall, Edmonton, Alberta Prairies
1987 July 31 Edmonton Tornado Tornado Edmonton, Alberta Prairies
1989 October 8 Cormier Village hayride accident Traffic accident New Brunswick Maritimes
1989 December 6 École Polytechnique massacre School shooting Montreal, Quebec Central Canada
1992 May 9 Westray Mine disaster Mining disaster Plymouth, Nova Scotia Maritimes
1992 August 24 Concordia University massacre School shooting Montreal, Quebec Central Canada
1996 July 19–20 Saguenay flood Flood Saguenay-region, Quebec Central Canada
1997 April Red River flood of 1997
(Red Sea Flood)
Flood Manitoba Prairies
1997 2nd Les Éboulements bus accident Traffic accident Quebec Central Canada
1998 January 5–9 Great Ice Storm of 1998 Meteorological storm Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick Eastern Canada massive ice storm hits Quebec, Ontario and New Brunswick
1998 September 2 Swissair Flight 111 Aircrash Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia Maritimes
1999 September 3 87-vehicle pileup on Highway 401 near Windsor, Ontario Traffic accident Windsor, Ontario Central Canada
2000 May Walkerton Tragedy Civic works failure Walkerton, Ontario Central Canada
2000 July 14 Pine Lake tornado Tornado Pine Lake, Alberta Prairies
2003 April 24 2003 Etobicoke gas explosion Explosion Etobicoke, Ontario Central Canada
2003 September 29 Hurricane Juan Hurricane Halifax-area, Nova Scotia Maritimes
2005 August 2 Air France Flight 358 Aircrash Toronto Pearson International Airport, Toronto, Ontario Central Canada 0 deaths, known as the "Miracle in Toronto"
2006 April 8 Shedden massacre Massacre Shedden, Elgin County, Ontario Central Canada
2006 September 30 De la Concorde overpass collapse Engineering disaster Laval, Quebec Central Canada
2008 January 12 2008 Bathurst Boys in Red accident Traffic accident Bathurst, New Brunswick Maritimes
2009 March 12 Cougar Helicopters Flight 91 Aircrash off of Newfoundland Atlantic Canada
2010 September 21 Hurricane Igor Hurricane Cape Race, Newfoundland area Atlantic Canada
2011 June 2011 Assiniboine River flood Flood Manitoba Prairies
2011 May 15 Slave Lake fire Fire Slave Lake, Alberta Prairies
2011 August 20 First Air Flight 6560 Aircrash near Resolute, Nunavut Northern Canada
2011 August 21 Goderich Tornado Tornado Goderich, Ontario Central Canada
2012 February 26 Burlington derailment Rail accident Burlington, Ontario Central Canada
2013 June 20–July 12 2013 Alberta floods Flood southwest Alberta around Calgary Region Prairies
2013 July 6 Lac-Mégantic rail disaster Rail accident Lac-Mégantic, Quebec Central Canada
2013 September 18 Ottawa bus-train crash Rail-traffic accident Ottawa, Ontario Central Canada
2014 January 23 L'Isle-Verte nursing home fire Fire L'Isle-Verte, Quebec Central Canada
2014 August 4 Mount Polley mine disaster Mining disaster near Likely, British Columbia West Coast
2014 October 22 Ottawa Parliament Shooting Terrorism Ottawa, Ontario Central Canada
2015 July La Ronge wildfire Fire La Ronge, Saskatchewan Prairies 13,000 people evacuated[1]
2016 January 22 La Loche shootings La Loche, Saskatchewan Prairies
2016 March 29 2016 Magdalen Islands Mitsubishi MU-2 crash Aircrash Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Magdalen Islands, Quebec Maritimes
2016 May 1–June 14 2016 Fort McMurray Wildfire Fire Fort McMurray, Alberta Prairies
2017 January 29 Quebec City mosque shooting Terrorism Sainte-Foy, Quebec City, Quebec Central Canada


Pre-Bicentennial Period
Date Disaster Type Location Region Notes
2017 June 7-now 2017 British Columbia wildfires Fires British Colombia West Coast


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