List of disasters in Great Britain and Ireland by death toll

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The following list of disasters in Great Britain and Ireland is a list of major disasters (excluding acts of war but including acts of terrorism) which relate to the United Kingdom since 1801, or the states that preceded it (England and Wales and Scotland before 1707, Ireland and Great Britain from 1707 to 1800), or involved their citizens, in a definable incident or accident such as a shipwreck, where the loss of life was forty or more.

Over 200 fatalities[edit]

Deaths
Italics indicate an
estimated figure
Event Year Notes
3,500,000 Black Death pandemic 1347–1350 See discussion of death toll estimates at Black Death in England#Death toll.
1,000,000[1] to 1,500,000 Great Irish Famine 1845–1849 See discussion of death toll estimates at Great Famine (Ireland)#Death toll.
300,000 to 480,000[2] Great Irish Famine of 1740-41 (The Great Frost) 1740–1741 Some estimates indicate a death toll as high as 500,000 from starvation and disease.[3][4]
250,000 Spanish flu pandemic 1918 (Sep–Nov) An estimated 200,000 people died in England and Wales.[5] Although the official number of deaths in Scotland due to the pandemic is 17,575, a modern estimate of total pandemic mortality in Scotland is between 27,641 and 33,771.[6] About 20,000 died in Ireland.[7]
75,000+[8] Great Plague of London 1665-1666
65,000 Year Without a Summer 1816 Famine and typhoid fever in Ireland[9] and food riots in England and France, caused by the 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora affecting the weather.
20,000 [10] Laki volcano fissure eruption 1783–1784 (Jun–Feb)
8,000 Great Storm of 1703 1703 (26 November)
5,000+ Great Famine (14th century) 1315–1317
4,000 to 12,000 "The Great Smog", London 1952 (December)
4,000+ Blockade of Porto Bello 1726–1727 Deaths resulting from yellow fever.
3,500+ 1782 Central Atlantic hurricane 1782 (16–17 Sep) Loss of HMS Ramillies, HMS Centaur; storeships Dutton and British Queen; captured French prize ships Ville de Paris, Glorieux, Hector and Caton; plus other merchantmen.
3,000 1212 Great Fire of London 1212 (July) Source for fatalities is the Guinness Book of Records,[11] but historical evidence unclear.
2,500+ Tainted blood scandal 1970s–1980s (deaths up to decades later)[12] Importing and use of blood products known to be contaminated with HIV, Hepatitis B & C. People continue to die up to the present time.[13]
2,139 [14] 2003 European heat wave 2003 (4–13 August)
2,000 Bristol Channel floods 1607 (30 January)[15]
2,000 Sweating sickness (sudor anglicus) 1485 ff.
1,900+ Christmas Eve storm 1811 (24 December) Wrecks HMS St George, HMS Defence and HMS Fancy off Thorsminde, Jutland; and HMS Hero and HMS Archimedes off Texel, Netherlands.
1,550+ Scilly naval disaster 1707 (22 October) HMS Association, HMS Eagle, HMS Romney and HMS Firebrand.
1,500+ RMS Titanic 1912 (15 April) Estimates vary but most official sources and historians put the death toll at upwards of 1500.
1,200 Strait of Gibraltar storm 1694 (1 March)[15] Wrecks HMS Sussex and accompanying ships.
1,198 RMS Lusitania 1915 (7 May)[16] Struck by torpedo on starboard side. Sank in the Celtic Sea within 18 minutes
1,012 RMS Empress of Ireland 1914 (29 May) Ship registered in London, crew almost entirely from Merseyside.
1,000 1867 Barbados hurricane 1867 RMS Rhone, RMS Wye and up to 50 other vessels driven ashore.[17]
1,000 Great Hurricane of 1780 1780 (10 October) Royal Navy ships lost included HMS Stirling Castle, HMS Laurel, HMS Andromeda, HMS Thunderer and HMS Phoenix
900+ Plymouth Sound storm 1691 (3 September) Wrecks HMS Coronation and HMS Harwich.
900 HMS Victory (1737) 1744 (3 October) Wrecked on the Casquets in the Channel Islands.
890+ Walker Expedition disaster 1711 (22 August) Seven transport ships and one storeship wrecked in thick fog on the Saint Lawrence River, Canada.
843 HMS Vanguard explosion 1917 (9 July) Magazine explosion.
800 HMS Royal George capsizes 1782 (29 August)
748+ Royal Charter Storm 1859 (26 October) The Royal Charter and other ships wrecked in Lligwy Bay, Anglesey.
738 HMS Bulwark explosion 1914 (26 November) Magazine explosion.
699 HMS Ramillies [18] 1760 (15 February) Runs aground off Bolt Head, Devon.
690 HMS Queen Charlotte fire 1800 (17 March)
646 SS Mendi 1917 (21 February) Rammed by SS Darro off the Isle of Wight.
640 Princess Alice disaster 1878 (3 September) Collision with the Bywell Castle in the River Thames near Woolwich.
635 SS Norge shipwreck 1904 (28 June)
612 Tramore storm 1816 (30 January) Wrecks the ships Sea Horse,[19] Boadicea and Lord Melville.[20]
600+ an unidentified troop ship 1796 (23 January) shipwreck possibly one of Admiral Christian's West Indies convoy wrecked on Loe Bar, Cornwall.[21]
600 HMS Coronation (1685) 1691 (3 September) 2nd rate ship foundered off Rame Head, Cornwall.[22]
564 SS Utopia disaster 1891 (17 March) Collision with HMS Anson off Gibraltar.[23]
546 RMS Atlantic 1873 (1 April)
531[24] 1953 North Sea storm and flood 1953 (31 Jan – 1 Feb) Included the ferry MV Princess Victoria.
520 HMS Namur 1749 (14 April) Wrecked in a storm near Fort St David.
500+ 1854 Broad Street cholera outbreak 1854 (Aug–Sep) Cholera epidemic in London.
500 HMS Minotaur 1810 (22 December) Wrecked on Haak Bank near Texel, Netherlands.
500 "Black Monday" 1209 Massacre of English settlers by Irish clans, near Ranelagh, Dublin, on Easter Monday.
491 HMS York 1804 (Jan) Struck the Bell Rock and sank with the loss of her entire crew.
481 HMS Captain 1870 (6 September) Sank off Cape Finisterre, Spain.
480 SS City of Glasgow 1854 (March) Disappeared after leaving Liverpool for Philadelphia.
473 Cospatrick 1874 (18 November) Caught fire in the South Atlantic.
470 HMS Courageux 1796 (18 December) Shipwrecked at Apes' Hill, Barbary Coast (now Monte Hacho, Ceuta, Africa)[25]
454 Vryheid 1802 (23 November) Formerly Melville Castle, shipwrecked in a gale off the Kent coast between Hythe and Dymchurch. 18 of 472 on board survived.
450 HMS Birkenhead 1852 (25 February) Shipwrecked near Cape Town.
439 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster 1913 (14 October) Gas explosion at the Universal Colliery, Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Glamorganshire. Britain's worst mining accident.
431 HMS Otranto 1918 (6 October) Shipwrecked off Islay. 351 United States troops and 80 crew perished.
421 HMS Natal 1915 (30 December) Magazine explosion. Precise number of deaths disputed; 421 is highest estimate.
421 Dumfries cholera epidemic 1832 (15 Sep – 27 Nov)
406 Cataraqui 1845 (4 August) Shipwrecked off King Island, Tasmania.
400+ Rochdale and Prince of Wales 1807 (19 November) Carried troops leaving Dublin for the Napoleonic Wars.
400+ HMS Invincible 1801 (16 March) Sank off Norfolk while en route to the Battle of Copenhagen.
400 HMS Winchester 1695 (1 September) Shipwrecked on a reef off Key Largo, Florida.
400 Pomona 1859 (30 April) carrying, mainly Irish, emigrants from Liverpool to New York. Shipwrecked on a sandbank at Ballyconigar, off Wexford, Ireland.
384 Annie Jane 1853 (28 September) Emigrant ship out of Liverpool, wrecked Vatersay.
361 The Oaks explosion 1866 (12 December) Colliery disaster, Barnsley, Yorkshire. (383 claimed but not verified) [26]
380 Mary Rose 1545 (18 July) Sank off Portsmouth.
379 HMS Dasher (D37) 1943 (27 March) Accidental fuel explosion, Firth of Clyde.
374 Driver 1856 (February) Clipper ship out of Liverpool, disappeared while crossing the Atlantic Ocean.
372 Arniston 1815 (30 May) Wrecked at Waenhuiskrans, South Africa.
369[27] Queen 1814 (14 Jan) Wrecked in Carrick Roads, Cornwall.
360+ Elizabeth 1810 (18 December) Chartered East Indiaman wrecked off Dunkirk.
358 HMS Victoria 1893 (22 June) Rammed by HMS Camperdown in the Mediterranean Sea.
352 HMS Princess Irene 1915 (27 May) Explosion while on the River Medway, Sheerness.
347 HMS Athenienne 1806 (20 October) Wrecked off Tunisia. 100 survivors crammed into the ship's launch.
344 Pretoria Pit Disaster 1910 (21 December) Underground explosion at the Hulton Bank Colliery, Westhoughton, Lancashire.
340 Aeneas 1805 (23 October) Troopship wrecked on the Îles aux Mortes along the Canadian coastline while carrying troops to Quebec.
338 HMS Curaçao 1942 (2 October) Light cruiser run down and split in two by RMS Queen Mary.
335 SS Schiller 1875 (7 May) Shipwrecked off the Isles of Scilly.
329 Air India Flight 182 1985 (23 June) Act of terror: destroyed by a bomb, crashed into the Atlantic Ocean while in Irish airspace.
317[28] HMS Eurydice 1878 (22 March) Sank off the Isle of Wight. Commemorated by Gerard Manley Hopkins in the poem "The Loss of the Eurydice".
300 White Ship 1120 (25 November) Shipwrecked off Barfleur, Normandy, taking the only legitimate son of King Henry I of England.
300 Sibylle 1834 (11 September) Emigrant ship out of Cromarty wrecked off St. Paul Island, Nova Scotia.
300+ HMS Amphion 1796 (22 September) Magazine explosion while at Plymouth, Devon.
300 HMS London 1665 Accidental explosion while in the Thames Estuary.
299 Kapunda 1887 (20 January) Emigrant ship out of London, collided with the barque Ada Melmore off Brazil.
297 RMS Tayleur 1854 (21 January) Shipwrecked off Lambay Island, Dublin Bay during its maiden voyage after its iron hull deflected its compass.
293 Northfleet 1873 (22 January) Rammed at night by a Spanish steamboat while anchored off Dungeness.
290 HMS Sceptre 1799 (5 December) Wrecked during a storm in Table Bay, near the Cape of Good Hope.
290 Albion Colliery explosion 1894 (23 June) Firedamp explosion.[29][30]
285 Gordon Riots 1780 (2–13 June) Rioters shot by troops.
281 HMS Atalanta 1880 (31 January) HMS Eurydice's sister ship, disappeared after leaving Bermuda bound for Falmouth, Cornwall.
276 VOC Hollandia 1743 (13 June) Shipwrecked off Annet, Isles of Scilly.
270 Great Sheffield Flood 1864 Caused by collapse of Dale Dike Reservoir during its first filling.
270[31] Pan Am Flight 103 1988 (21 December) Blown apart at 31,000 ft over Lockerbie, Scotland, by terrorist bomb in forward hold.
268 Abercarn mining disaster 1878 (11 September) Mining disaster at Abercarn, Monmouthshire.[citation needed]
266 Gresford Disaster 1934 (22 September) Mining accident near Wrexham, North Wales.
260 Earl of Abergavenny 1805 (5 February) Shipwrecked off Portland Bill.
253 HMS Saldanha 1811 (4 December) Shipwrecked during gale off Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland.
250+ Night of the Big Wind 1839 (6–7 January)
250 RMS Royal Adelaide 1849 Shipwrecked on a sandbank off Margate, Kent.
247 Doddington 1755 Shipwrecked in Algoa Bay, South Africa.
246 HMS Avenger 1847 (20 December) Wrecked off the Galite Islands, Tunisia.
241 Exmouth of Newcastle 1847 (28 April) Shipwrecked off Islay.[32]
240 HMS Lutine 1799 (9 October) Shipwrecked off Vlieland.
238[33] MV Dara 1961 (8 April) British-India Steam Navigation Company passenger liner evacuated in the Persian Gulf off Dubai following explosion and fire.
238 HMS Tribune 1797 (16 November) Wrecked during a storm off Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
237 SS Anglo Saxon 1863 (27 April) Wrecked in dense fog off Cape Race, Newfoundland, Canada.
226 Quintinshill rail crash 1915 (22 May) Three-train collision in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. Britain's worst railway accident.[34]
224 Neva 1835 (13 May) Convict ship out of Cork wrecked on reefs off King Island, Tasmania.
220 SS London 1866 (11 January) Sank during gale in the Bay of Biscay.[35]
220 Great Blizzard of 1891 1891 (9–13 March) [36]
220 Hartley Colliery Disaster 1862 (16 January) Caused by steam engine metal fatigue.
215 Lady of the Lake 1833 (11 May) Struck iceberg in the North Atlantic and sank.
212 Sovereign 1814 (18 October) Wrecked off St. Paul Island (Nova Scotia).
210 Rinaldo 1878 (18 December) Collision with French steamship Byzantin in the Dardanelles.[17]
208 Harpooner 1818 (November) Military transport ship shipwrecked off Newfoundland.
207 Blantyre mining disaster 1877 (22 October) Gas explosion.
205 SS Hungarian 1860 (20 February) An Allan Line Royal Mail Steamer out of Liverpool and Queenstown (Cobh) wrecked off Cape Sable Island (Nova Scotia).[37]
201 HMY Iolaire 1919 (1 January) Admiralty yacht returning soldiers to the Isle of Lewis after World War I. Sank off Holm near Stornoway in the Outer Hebrides.[38]

100–199 fatalities[edit]

Deaths
Italics indicate an
estimated figure
Event Year Notes
193 MS Herald of Free Enterprise 1987 (6 March) Ferry capsized off Zeebrugge in under one minute after its RORO bow doors were left open. Unlawful killing verdict.
192 Transport ship Dispatch and Brig-of-War HMS Primrose ( Royal Navy) 1809 (22 January) Both ships sank after hitting The Manacles.[39]
191 SS City of Boston (Inman Line) 1870 (after 28 January) Ship out of New York City and Halifax, Nova Scotia disappeared in the Atlantic Ocean. Possibly struck an iceberg.
189 Lundhill Colliery explosion 1857 (19 February) Colliery disaster, Wombwell, Yorkshire.
189 Wood Pit Colliery explosion 1878 (7 June) Colliery disaster, Haydock, Lancashire. The total fatalities, which included one man and all of his five sons, may have been 204 or more.[40]
189 HMS Orpheus 1863 (7 February) Sank off Auckland due to outdated nautical charts and shortcuts.
189 Eyemouth Disaster 1881 (14 October) Local fishing fleet sank during a European Windstorm that struck the southeast coast of Scotland. [1]
186 Theatre Royal, Exeter 1887 (5 September) Fire caused by gas lights.
183 Victoria Hall disaster 1883 (16 June) Stampede at Sunderland after a children's Variety show to get prizes and gifts resulted in compressive asphyxia and trampling.
179 SS Cambria 1870 (19 October) Shipwrecked at Inishtrahull.
178 Ferndale Colliery disaster 1867 (8 November) Mining disaster in the Rhondda Valley, Glamorganshire.
178 Ocean Monarch 1848 (24 August) Shipwreck and fire off Great Orme, Llandudno caused by steerage passengers' smoking materials.
178 Clifton Hall Colliery explosion 1885 (18 June) Explosion of firedamp gas in a colliery at Salford.
176 Llannerch, Cwmnantddu 1890 (6 February) Colliery gas explosion near Pontypool, Monmouthshire after the mine refused safety lamps by its MD two months earlier.
173 Bethnal Green tube station panic 1943 (3 March) Crowd stampede caused by British anti-aircraft battery salvo.
172 HMS Serpent 1890 (9 November) Royal Navy torpedo cruiser launched in 1887 shipwrecked off Camariñas, Galicia.
168 Burns Pit Disaster 1909 (16 February) Mining disaster at Stanley, County Durham.
167 Piper Alpha 1988 (6 July) Oil platform gas leak, explosion and fire 30m above cold seas in the North Sea.
166 Bombing of underground shelter at Edge Hill, Liverpool 1940 (29 November) Direct hit on the shelter at Durning Road during the Liverpool Blitz of World War 2.
164 Seaham Colliery accident 1880 (8 September) Mining accident at Seaham, County Durham.
159 Ferndale Colliery explosions 1867 (8 November) Mining explosions in the Rhondda Valley, Glamorganshire, caused by gas and miners tampering with safety lamps.
157 Deutschland 1875 (6 December) Shipwrecked during a blizzard on Kentish Knock sandbank, Thames Estuary. Tugboat rescue delayed until the next day, most died of hypothermia.
155 Minnie Pit disaster 1918 (12 January) Mining disaster at Podmore Hall, Halmer End, Staffordshire.
150 Clifford's Tower fire massacre 1190 (16 March) Massacre in York of medieval Jews by a mob.
146 Risca Blackvein Disaster 1860 (1 December) Coal mining disaster at Risca, Monmouthshire caused by a gas explosion.
146 Dan-Air Flight 1008 1980 (25 April) While in a holding pattern the plane flew into Mount Esperanza, Tenerife, after turning the wrong way.
146 Aberfan disaster 1966 (21 October) Coal-waste spoil tip collapsed onto a junior school, Glamorganshire.
143 Swaithe Main Colliery disaster 1875 (6 December) Mining disaster at Worsbrough, Yorkshire.
141 SS Berlin 1907 (21 February) Great Eastern Railway steamship out of Harwich wrecked off Hook of Holland.
140 RMS Amazon 1852 (4 January) Steam engine of a wooden mail paddle steamer caught fire, 60 miles west of Isles of Scilly.
140 HMS Condor 1901 (3 December) Ship lost with all hands in a gale off Vancouver Island.
140 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami 2004 (26 December) UK victims only; see Countries affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.
139 George III 1835 (12 April) Convict ship wrecked in D'Entrecasteaux Channel, Tasmania.
139 Combs Pit disaster 1893 (4 July) Mining disaster at Thornhill, Yorkshire.
137 National Shell Filling Factory explosion 1918 (1 July) Munitions explosion at Chilwell in Nottinghamshire. Eight tons of TNT exploded.
136 Wellington Colliery disaster 1910 (11 May) Coal mining disaster at Whitehaven, Cumberland.
135 Alexander 1815 (27 March) Ship out of Bombay wrecked near Portland within sight of shore. The ship was caught in a gale and ran aground at night.
133 Amphitrite 1833 (31 August) Convict ship from Woolwich to Australia wrecked off Boulogne.
133 MV Princess Victoria 1953 (31 January) Early roll-on/roll-off ferry disaster in the North Channel during a storm.
131 Lincoln typhoid fever epidemic 1904 (November) – 1905 (April)
130 Rothsay Castle 1831 (18 August) Paddle steamer from Liverpool shipwrecked in the Menai Strait under the command of a drunken captain.
129 John Franklin's Northwest Passage expedition 1845–1848 HMS Erebus and HMS Terror caught in pack ice; the crews endured botulism, lead poisoning and cannibalism before starvation.
128 TSMS Lakonia 1963 (22 December) Caught fire and sank off Madeira. Resulted in 98 (mainly British) passenger deaths, plus 33 crew fatalities.
128 HMS Gladiator 1908 (25 April) Shipwrecked in a collision with an American steamship during a snowstorm, Isle of Wight.
127 Maxwelltown Cholera epidemic 1832 (September–November)
125 HMS Primrose 1809 (22 January) Shipwrecked on The Manacles, Cornwall.
125 SS Hilda 1905 (18 November) London and South Western Railway steamship wrecked in snow squalls off Saint-Malo.
124 BOAC Flight 911 1966 (5 March) Aircraft broke up in flight near Mount Fuji, Japan. A significant percentage of the fatalities were American and Japanese citizens.
124 SS Daphne 1883 (3 July) Capsized during her ship naming and launching, River Clyde, Glasgow.
123 Ocean Queen 1856 (February) Clipper ship out of London disappeared in the Atlantic Ocean.
121 Dunbar 1857 (20 August) Clipper out of Plymouth wrecked at Sydney Cove, Australia.
120 New Risca pit explosion 1880 (5 July) Coal mining disaster, Risca, Monmouthshire.
120 Dover Straits earthquake 1580 (6 April) Earthquake causing freak waves, possible tsunami and flooding in France, Flanders and England.
120+ Bibighar Massacre 1857 (15 July) Massacre of European women and children at Cawnpore (Kanpur), India during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
119 National Colliery explosion 1905 (11 July) Coal mine explosion at Wattstown, Rhondda Valley, Glamorganshire.
118 British European Airways Flight 548 1972 (18 June) Crashed into a field at Staines. Possible heart attack in the pilot after takeoff.
114 Rhondda Colliery gas explosion 1856 (13 July) Coal mine explosion at Cymmer, Porth, Glamorganshire.
112 SS Stella 1899 (30 March) London and South Western Railway steamship wrecked on a granite reef in fog at full speed, sinking in 8 minutes, at the Casquets, Channel Islands.
112 Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash 1952 (12 October) Three trains collided in patchy fog in morning rush hour. Death toll second only to Quintinshill rail crash.[41]
112 Dan-Air Flight 1903 1970 (3 July) De Havilland Comet crashed into a mountain in Catalonia, Spain.
111 Caledonian Airways Flight 153 1962 (4 March) Crashed after take-off from Douala, Cameroon.
110 Parc Slip Colliery gas explosion 1892 (26 August) Gas explosion due to a damaged Davy lamp, Tondu, Glamorganshire.
109 Faversham gunpowder mill explosion 1916 (2 April)
108 Invicta International Airlines Flight 435 1973 (10 April) Crashed into a forested, snowy hillside near Hochwald, Switzerland.
106 SS Avalanche 1877 (11 September) Ship out of London for Wellington, New Zealand, collided with Forest Queen off Isle of Portland, English Channel. Both sank.
106 SS Mohegan 1898 (14 October) Shipwrecked off The Manacles, Cornwall.
104 William Pit disaster 1947 (15 August) Coal mining disaster at Whitehaven, Cumberland.[42]
104 HMS Brazen 1800 (26 January) Shipwrecked off Newhaven, Sussex.
102 Pelican 1793 (20 March) Sank in the River Mersey.
102 HMS Feversham 1711 (7 October) Shipwrecked off Scatterie Island, Louisbourg, Nova Scotia.
101 Naval Steam Colliery explosion 1880 (10 December) Colliery explosion, Tonypandy, Rhondda Valley. 4 bodies unidentified.[43]
100+ HMS Lizard 1748 (27 February) Wrecked on the Seven Stones reef.[44]
100 "Battle" of May Island 1918 (31 January–1 February) Two Royal Navy submarines sunk after collisions during naval exercise.
100 Moray Firth fishing disaster 1848 (19 August) Open hulled fishing fleet storm disaster.
100 HMS Confiance 1822 (21 September) 36-gun, 393 ton brig sloop was wrecked between Mizen Head and Three Castles Head, at the south-westernmost point of Ireland.

Fewer than 100 fatalities[edit]

Deaths
Italics indicate an
estimated figure
Event Year Notes
99 Meikle Ferry disaster 1809 (16 August) Dornoch Firth, Scotland. Over-laden ferryboat sank with the loss of 99 lives.
99 HMS Thetis submarine disaster 1939 (1 June) Flooded through torpedo tube during pre-war sea trials, Liverpool Bay, salvaged but sunk by depth charges with all hands in 1943
98 Edmond (1833) 1850 (19 November) A chartered passenger sailing vessel sunk at Edmond Point in Kilkee, Co. Clare; of the 216 on board, 98 drown
98 Britannia Airways Flight 105 1966 (1 September) Britannia Airways Bristol Britannia G-ANBB from London Luton Airport, aircrash at Ljubljana
96 Hillsborough Stadium Disaster 1989 (15 April)
95 Haswell Colliery explosion 1844 (28 September)
94 Carlingford Lough disaster 1916 (3 November) SS Connemara and a coalship SS Retriever collided and sank, Carlingford Lough, County Down
93 St Scholastica riot, Oxford 1355 (10–12 February) A Town and gown dispute over beer escalates over three days
92 Felling mine disaster, County Durham 1812 (25 May) Firedamp explosion ushers in safety lamps by George Stephenson and Humphry Davy
91 Carrick-on-Suir disaster 1799 (9 February) Barge capsize[45]
90 Lewisham rail crash 1957 (December) Railway signals missed in the rush hour fog
88 Armagh rail disaster 1889 (12 June) 10 runaway railway passenger cars on a Sunday School day trip
88 Cadeby Coal mine disaster 1912 (9 July) Cadeby, South Yorkshire
88 Air Ferry aircrash, 1967 (3 June) Douglas C-54 G-APYK, from Kent International Airport, Mont Canigou, France,
87 Morfa Mine, Port Talbot 1890 (10 March) Glamorganshire, Colliery gas explosion,
86 SS Egypt 1922 (20 May) Shipwreck, off Ushant, Brittany
85 Rohilla 1914 (30 October) Ran aground off Whitby, with a survivor of the sinking of the RMS Titanic two years earlier rescued again
84 British Eagle 1964 (29 February) International Airlines aircrash Bristol Britannia G-AOVO from London Heathrow Airport, Innsbruck, Austria,
84 Paisley canal disaster 1810 (10 November) canal pleasure boat capsize, Paisley, Scotland,
83 East Side pit, Senghenydd 1901 (24 May) Glamorganshire, Colliery gas explosion, precursor to the 1913 disaster
81 Mardy Colliery, Rhondda Valley 1885 (23 December) Glamorganshire, mining disaster,
81 Easington Colliery 1951 (29 May) County Durham, coal mine explosion,
81 Holmfirth Flood 1852 (5 February) Bilberry Reservoir collapsed, Holme Valley, West Yorkshire,
80+ PS Queen Victoria 1853 (15 February) Wrecked below a lighthouse in a night-time snowstorm, off Howth Head, Dublin
80 PS Pacific 1856 (after 23 January) lost at sea out of Liverpool, [sister ship of SS Arctic]
80 Llandow air disaster 1950 (12 March) Fairflight Avro Tudor G-AKBY, Sigginstone, Glamorganshire, with returning Welsh Rugby Union supporters on board (highest confirmed death toll of any civil aviation disaster up to that date)
80 Creswell Colliery 1950 (26 September) mining accident caused by smoke inhalation, Creswell, Derbyshire,
79 Great Yarmouth Suspension bridge 1846 (2 May) collapse above a river, killing children watching a clown.
79 British Admiral out of Liverpool wrecked off Tasmania 1874 (23 May)
79 HMS Glatton 1918 (16 September) Wrecked by accidental explosion, Dover harbour
79 Markham Colliery disaster 1938 (10 May) Underground explosion Derbyshire
78 Burwell, Cambridgeshire Barn fire 1727 (8 September) Occurred during a puppet show with the doors nailed shut.
77 The Cherubim and Ocean Home collided off Lizard Point 1856 (5 September)
75 Maypole Colliery disaster 1908 (18 August) Abram, Lancashire
75 Tay Bridge disaster 1879 (28 December) cast iron bridge collapse with a steam train on it during an evening storm, Dundee,
75 HMS Affray 1951 (17 April) Mysterious submarine disaster, English Channel,
75 STV Royston Grange 1972 (11 May) A Houlder Line cargo liner, destroyed by fire after a collision with Liberian-registered tanker Tien Chee in the Rio de la Plata,
74 SS Naronic 1893 (19 February) Lost at sea, possibly due to iceberg strike off Nova Scotia, out of Liverpool, with no Wireless Telegraph to make a distress call.
74 Trimdon Grange Colliery mining disaster 1882 (16 February)
73 Udston mining disaster 1887 (28 May) Hamilton, Scotland, firedamp explosion
73 Silvertown explosion 1917 (19 January) Explosion in a TNT factory in West Ham [2]
72 Stockport Air Disaster 1967 (4 June) British Midland Airways Argonaut G-ALHG, an unrecognised flaw in the fuel system made the plane returning from Majorca uncontrollable.
72 Grenfell Tower fire 2017 (14 June) North Kensington, London.[46]
71 Glen Cinema Disaster 1929 (31 December) Paisley, Scotland, . Glen Cinema Website
70 Great Gale of 1871 1871 (10 February) Bridlington 100 shipwrecks, incl. Royal National Lifeboat Harbinger, plus other losses at sea, estimated total of 70 marine fatalities.
70 RAF Fauld 1944 (27 November) munitions explosion during World War II, Staffordshire, [3]
69 HMS M1 1925 (12 November) Submarine wreck— collision with Swedish surface vessel—off Plymouth,
67 September 11, 2001 attacks 2001 (11 September) [UK victims only]
66 BEA Comet G-ARCO bombing 1967 (12 October) Off Rhodes, [all nationalities] [4]
66 Ibrox disaster 1971 (2 January) compressive asphyxia spectator crush on stairway at Ibrox Park football stadium, Glasgow
65 Theatre Royal, Glasgow 1849 (17 February) panic, Dunlop Street, Glasgow,
65 Cherokee class brig-sloop HMS Jasper 1817 (20 January) Wrecked in hurricane-force winds on either Rame Head, Cornwall or Bear's Head, Mount Batten, Devon[47]
64 Middle Duffryn Mine 1852 (10 May) Aberdare, Glamorganshire, Colliery explosion
64 Masbrough boat disaster 1841 (5 July) Rotherham, [5]
64 HMS Truculent 1950 (12 January) Submarine collision on the surface, Thames Estuary, survivors died of hypothermia on mid-winter mudbanks
63 Peckfield Colliery Disaster 1896 (30 April) Micklefield, Yorkshire
63 Victoria coal pit, Nitshill near Glasgow 1851 (15 March) Explosion [48]
63 Great Western Mine 1893 (11 April) Rhondda Valley Colliery mining disaster, South Wales,
63 British European Airways aircrash 1971 (2 October) A Vickers Vanguard G-APEC flight 706, Aarsele, Belgium,
63 Mauricewood Colliery disaster 1886 (17 December) underground fire, Penicuik
62 Dinas Rhondda 1879(13 January ) Rhondda Valley, Glamorganshire, Colliery gas explosion.
62 PS Comet II 1825 (21 October) Sank in collision off Gourock, Scotland
61 SS Thames 1841 (4 January) Steamship shipwrecked in a night-time storm, Isles of Scilly
61 Freckleton Air Disaster 1944 (23 August) A USAAF Consolidated B-24 Liberator heavy bomber crashed into a village school in a storm, Freckleton, Lancashire, (3 aircrew, 58 ground fatalities)
60 Garland of Topsham 1649 (30 January) A vessel carrying Charles I wrecked on Godrevy Island, .[49]
60+ Harwich ferry disaster 1807 (18 April) A 'grossly overladen' coastal vessel capsizes while transporting soldiers and their families,
60 Dalhousie, "Blackwall Frigate" 1853(October ) Sinks off Beachy Head
60 HMS M2 British M class submarine 1932 (26 January) Floods through her Parnall Peto seaplane hangar doors, Lyme Bay
58 Wharncliffe Woodmoor Colliery 1936 (6 August) A pit disaster, underground explosion caused by an electrical fault
57 Tylorstown 1896 (27 January) Rhondda Valley Colliery mining disaster, South Wales
57 Sneyd Colliery Disaster 1942 (1 January) Burslem, Staffordshire
57 HMS K5 1921 (24 January) A submarine sank in deep water, 120 miles south-west of the Isles of Scilly during sea trials
56 Bradford City stadium fire 1985 (11 May) football stadium fire
56 7 July 2005 London bombings 2005 (7 July) by suicide bombers
55 Manchester air disaster 1985 (22 August) Flight 28M, a Boeing 737-236 engine fire before takeoff on a holiday flight to Corfu
53 Ferndale Colliery 1869 (10 June) Rhondda Valley, Glamorganshire, Colliery explosion,
53 Great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead 1854 (6 October) A Victorian era firestorm .
52 Lletty Shenklin Mine 1849 (14 August) Aberdare Colliery mining disaster, South Wales
52 Yellow fever outbreak, HMS Firebrand 1861 (July) West Indies, [6]
52 Loch Ard 1878 (1 June) A clipper out of Gravesend, Kent, wrecked off Loch Ard Gorge, just off the Shipwreck Coast of Victoria, Australia in thick fog
52 HMS Wasp 1884 (22 September) Wrecked on Tory Island, County Donegal
52 Marine Colliery 1927 (1 March) Gwm near Ebbw Vale, Monmouthshire, coal mine disaster
51 Colney Hatch Lunatic Asylum fire, London 1903 (27 January) In an early psychiatric hospital holding up to 3,500 patients
51 Marchioness disaster, River Thames 1989 (20 August) A pleasure boat rammed by a dredger under a bridge.
51 St Hilda Colliery, South Shields, coal pit explosion 1839 (28 June) http://www.dmm.org.uk/names/n1839-01.htm
50 Ariana Afghan Airlines aircrash 1969 (5 January) Crashed into a house, Boeing 727 YA-FAR, Gatwick
50 Summerland fire disaster 1973 (2 August) Douglas, Isle of Man, a fire in a leisure centre
50 Whiddy Island disaster 1979 (8 January) explosion of oil tanker Betelguese in Bantry Bay, Ireland
49? SS Nile 1854 (30 November) All the crew and passengers died when she hit The Stones reef off Godrevy Head, Cornwall. The loss of life led to the building of the lighthouse.[50]
49 Booth's clothing factory fire, Huddersfield 1941 (31 October) Fire at a major clothing factory in Huddersfield, West Riding of Yorkshire.[51]
49 HMS Punjabi collision with the battleship HMS King George V 1942 (1 May) sinking 469 miles North West of Shetland .
49 Hither Green rail crash 1967 (5 November ) In London, a broken rail caused derailment of an express train
48 Stardust fire 1981 (14 February) A nightclub fire in Artane, Dublin, 841 people had attended a disco there, of whom 48 died and 214 were injured as a result of the fire.
48 A British Eagle International Airlines Vickers Viscount 1968 (9 August) en route from London to Innsbruck, Austria, breaks up in mid-air over Bavaria
47 Emma 1828 (28 February) Capsizes after launching, Mersey and Irwell Navigation, Manchester
47 Gethin Mine 1862 (19 February) Merthyr Tydfil, Colliery mining disaster, South Wales
47 R101 airship crash 1930 (5 October) Beauvais, France
47 SS Samtampa 1947( 23 April) wrecked off Sker Point in the Bristol Channel (death toll includes 8 crew of Mumbles lifeboat)
47 Auchengeich coal mining disaster 1959 (18 September) Auchinloch, Lanarkshire, Scotland
47 Kegworth Air Disaster 1989 (8 January) British Midland Flight 92, Leicestershire, the pilot shuts down the wrong engine and just misses the M1 Motorway
46 Wreck of Confederate States of America blockade runner PS Lelia 1865 (14 January) (39 fatalities) and lifeboat crew (7 fatalities) in Liverpool Bay
45 Bentley Coal mine disaster 1931 (20 November) Bentley, South Yorkshire
45 Six Bells Colliery Disaster 1960 (28 June) Aberbeeg, Monmouthshire
45 Aquila Airways Short Solent flying boat crash 1957 (15 November) Isle of Wight
45 Sumburgh disaster 1986 (6 November) A Brent oilfield CH-47 Chinook helicopter crashed at sea
45 PS Nimrod 1860 (28 February) An Irish paddle steamer that sank off St David's Head.
44 R38 (ZR-2) airship crash 1921 (24 August) River Humber, near Hull
44 MV Derbyshire 1980 (9 September) Bibby Line bulk carrier sank during Typhoon Orchid, south of Japan (by tonnage the largest UK-flagged ship loss)
43 Bourne End rail crash 1945 (30 September) Near Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, driver had worked for 26 consecutive days.
43 Moorgate tube crash 1975 (28 February) London Underground, in the morning rush hour
41 Little Baldon Hastings accident 1965 (6 July) Occurred at Little Baldon, Oxfordshire, aircraft crash during parachute training flight from RAF Abingdon, caused by metal fatigue
40 Regent's Park ice-skating disaster. 1867 (15 January) Ice covering the boating lake collapsed and 200 people plunged into the lake [52]
40 Low Moor Explosion 1916 (21 August) Explosion at a picric acid plant producing explosives for the war effort in the First World War.[53]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jim Donnelly (2011). "The Irish Famine". BBC.
  2. ^ Sir William Wilde, "Table of Cosmical Phenomena," pp. 124-32; Dickson, "The other great famine," in Cathal Póirtéir, (ed.) The Great Irish Famine (1955), Mercier Press, pp. 53-55; and David Dickson, "The gap in famines: a useful myth?", in E. Margaret Crawford (ed.), Famine: the Irish experience, Edinburgh: John Donald, 1989, pp. 97-98
  3. ^ "Our cold snap was nothing compared to the Great Irish Frost of 1740". independent.ie. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  4. ^ "The Great Frost and Forgotten Famine". irishtimes.com. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  5. ^ "British Influenza Epidemic of 1918–19" in Encyclopedia of Plague and Pestilence: From Ancient Times to the Present (3rd ed. 2008: ed. George Childs Kohn), Infobase, p. 46.
  6. ^ Niall P.A.S. Johnson, Scottish flu – The Scottish Experience of 'Spanish Flu', Scottish Historical Review, Jan 2008, vol. 83, No. 2, pp. 216–226.
  7. ^ Michael B. A. Oldstone, Viruses, Plagues, and History, Oxford University Press, 1998, p. 174.
  8. ^ http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/contagion/plague.html
  9. ^ Bill Bryson; A Short History...;p 372; ISBN 0-385-40818-8
  10. ^ Estimate of mortality in England.
  11. ^ "In July 1212, 3,000 were killed in the crush, burned or drowned when London Bridge caught fire at both ends". (p.184) Norris McWhirter and Ross McWhirter (1971). Guinness Book of Records. Guinness Superlatives Limited. ISBN 0-900424-05-2.
  12. ^ http://www.taintedblood.info/background.php Archived 3 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 01/09/2015
  13. ^ https://www.taintedblood.info/tb/online-memorial/
  14. ^ Difference between the number of deaths in that period and the average number in other years.
  15. ^ a b New style dating.
  16. ^ Cite error: The named reference https://www.history.com/news/the-sinking-of-rms-lusitania-100-years-ago was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  17. ^ a b Marshall, Logan, Sinking of the Titanic and Great Disasters of the Sea, 1912.
  18. ^ Formerly HMS Royal Katherine.
  19. ^ Andy Taylor. "The Wreck of the Sea Horse". Discover Tramore. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  20. ^ Grocott, Terence (1999). Shipwrecks of the Revolutionary & Napoleonic Eras. Journal of Navigation: Cambridge University Press 52 p.149–162.
  21. ^ Treglown, Tony (2011). Porthleven in years gone by Local Shipwrecks. Ashton: Tony Treglown. ISBN 978-0-9539019-7-5.
  22. ^ Eekelers, Dirk; Lettens, Jan. "HMS Coronation (north part) [+1691]". wrecksite. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
  23. ^ 562 passengers and crewmembers of Utopia and two rescuers from HMS Immortalité. "The Dead of the Utopia", The New York Times, 20 March 1891.
  24. ^ British victims only.
  25. ^ Grocott, p41.
  26. ^ "Oaks Disaster Victims". Dearne Valley Landscape Partnership. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  27. ^ Allen, Tony. "Queen [+1814]". wrecksite. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
  28. ^ 317 named fatalities (Memorials & Monuments in St Ann's Church – HMS Eurydice Archived 27 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine.).
  29. ^ "Albion Colliery". BBC Wales. 2008. Retrieved 2010-10-15.
  30. ^ "Albion Colliery Cilfynydd". Welsh Coal Mines. Retrieved 2010-10-15.
  31. ^ All victims, regardless of nationality.
  32. ^ Islay Info
  33. ^ Mostly non-British nationals.
  34. ^ Rolt, L.T.C. Red For Danger (1966 ed.). Pan Books. p. 207.
  35. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~nzbound/london.htm
  36. ^ Woodward, Antony and Penn, Robert (2007). The Wrong Kind of Snow. ISBN 978-0-340-93787-7
  37. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 July 2007. Retrieved 4 March 2009.
  38. ^ "Sinking of HMY Iolaire - list of all on board at time of grounding". Across Two Seas. 17 December 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  39. ^ "The Manacles". Archived from the original on 11 January 2004. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
  40. ^ Ian Winstanley, Those Who Died Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  41. ^ Rolt, L.T.C. Red For Danger (1966 ed.). Pan Books. p. 275.
  42. ^ – Photograph of William Pit[permanent dead link]
  43. ^ "Naval Colliery disasters". Welsh Coal Mines. Retrieved 2010-10-14.
  44. ^ Larn, Richard (1992). The Shipwrecks of the Isles of Scilly. Nairn: Thomas & Lochar. ISBN 0 946537 84 4.
  45. ^ Coady, Michael (1999). "The cries at the bridge". Full Tide: a miscellany. Nenagh: Relay Books. pp. 54–60. ISBN 9780946327270.
  46. ^ "Grenfell Tower fire: Who were the victims?". BBC News. 30 May 2018. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  47. ^ Lettens, Jan. "HMS Jasper (+1817)". wrecksite. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
  48. ^ Nitshill 15 March 1851 scottishmining.co.uk, accessed 5 April 2009
  49. ^ Noall, Cyril (1968). Cornish Lights and Ship-Wrecks. Truro: D Bradford Barton.
  50. ^ Larn, Richard; Larn, Bridget (1997). Shipwreck Index of the British Isles. London: Lloyd's Register of Shipping.
  51. ^ "Permanent memorial to Booth's factory fire in Huddersfield unveiled". Huddersfield Examiner. 5 November 2012. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  52. ^ "The Catastrophe in the Regent's Park", The Times, 22 January 1867, p.12
  53. ^ "At last it can be told: Fireball that ripped apart Bradford factory 100 years ago". The Yorkshire Post. 11 August 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2018.

External links[edit]