List of disasters in the United States by death toll

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This list of United States disasters by death toll includes disasters that occurred either in the United States, at diplomatic missions of the United States, or incidents outside of the United States in which a number of U.S. citizens were killed. It does not include death tolls from the American Civil War. Due to inflation, the monetary damage estimates are not comparable. Unless otherwise noted, the year given is the year in which the currency's valuation was calculated. This list is not comprehensive in general and epidemics are not included.

Over 400 deaths[edit]

Year Type Fatalities Damage (US$) Article Location Comments
1900 Tropical cyclone 6,000 to 12,000 $28,000,000 (approximate) 1900 Galveston hurricane Texas Fatalities estimated. Remains the deadliest natural disaster in United States history.
1899 Tropical cyclone 3,389 $20,000,000
(1899)
1899 San Ciriaco hurricane Puerto Rico, East Coast of the United States
1906 Earthquake and fire (urban conflagration) 3,000+ 1906 San Francisco earthquake San Francisco, California Conflagration followed quake; fatalities estimated; also major casualties in Santa Rosa and San Jose. Deadliest earthquake in U.S. history.
2001 Terrorism 2,996 $10,000,000,000
(2001)
September 11 attacks New York City, Arlington County, Virginia, and Stonycreek Township near Shanksville, Pennsylvania 2,977 victims and 19 hijackers. Deadliest in New York City and the Washington DC metropolitan area. Deadliest terrorist attack in world history.
2017 Tropical cyclone 2,982 (estimated) $90,000,000,000
(2017)[1]
Hurricane Maria Puerto Rico, United States Virgin Islands, East Coast of the United States Total includes at least 2,975 deaths based on a study by GWU on the estimated excess mortality.[2] The official death count was previously 64.[3] The storm caused $90 billion (2017 USD) in damage in Puerto Rico, and three deaths in the U.S. Virgin Islands, as well as an additional 75 deaths and $1.6 billion in damage across the rest of the Caribbean.
1928 Tropical cyclone 2,823 $800,000,000
(2005)
1928 Okeechobee hurricane Florida, Puerto Rico 4,000+ believed dead total. Includes 2,511+ in the contiguous United States, 312 in Puerto Rico.
1941 Military strikebombing 2,467 Attack on Pearl Harbor Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii and nearby military installations 2,403 U.S. victims and 64 Japanese attackers. Deadliest attack on U.S. soil by a foreign government to date.
1889 Accidentdam burst 2,209 Johnstown Flood Pennsylvania Much rain, deforestation; dam failed
1893 Tropical cyclone 2,000 1893 Cheniere Caminada hurricane Louisiana Fatalities estimated
1865 Accidentshipwreck 1,700 Sultana Marion, Arkansas / Helena, Arkansas Steamboat sank due to boiler explosion; fatalities estimated. Deadliest maritime disaster in U.S. history
1980 Heat wave 1,700 $20,000,000,000
(1980 USD)
1980 United States heat wave Central and southern states Official death toll, may have been higher
1871 Wildfire 1,500–2,500 Peshtigo Fire Peshtigo, Wisconsin, Upper Peninsula of Michigan Fatalities estimated; most deaths in single fire in U.S. history
2005 Tropical cyclone 1,245–1,836 $125,000,000,000

(2005)

Hurricane Katrina Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, and Ohio Tied with Hurricane Harvey as the costliest natural disaster in U.S. history.
1915 shipwreck, Military strike - Submarine 1,198 Sinking of the RMS Lusitania North Atlantic Sea near the Old head of Kinsale Ireland The RMS Lusitania was an ocean liner sunk by a German torpedo fired from a submarine during World War One
1943 Military strikebombing 1,173 HMT Rohna[4] Mediterranean Sea Luftwaffe glide bomb hit troopship causing the largest loss of U.S. soldiers (1,050) at sea due to enemy action in a single incident.
1904 Accidentshipwreck 1,021 PS General Slocum East River near New York City Steamship sank due to fire on board. Deadliest maritime disaster in New York City, and deadliest in city's history until 2001.
1893 Tropical cyclone 1,000–2,000 1893 Sea Islands hurricane Georgia, South Carolina Fatalities estimated
1918 Wildfire (rural) 1,000 $7,300,000 1918 Cloquet fire Minnesota
1978 Mass murder – suicide 918 Jonestown Jonestown, Guyana Jim Jones, cult leader of the Peoples Temple Agricultural Project, convinced most of the group to drink grape Flavor Aid poisoned with cyanide or to inject themselves and their children with cyanide, totaling 909 deaths of U.S. nationals. A family of four other Temple members committed murder/suicide by knife in Georgetown. Five others were shot and killed while trying to escape from Jonestown, including U.S. Congressman Leo Ryan.
1945 Military strikesubmarine 879 USS Indianapolis[5] Philippine Sea Largest loss of life in the history of the U.S. Navy at sea
1915 Accidentshipwreck 844 SS Eastland Chicago, Illinois Passenger ship capsized in Chicago harbor while loading charter for company picnic, causing great loss of life despite shallow water and proximity to land. Deadliest disaster in the history of Great Lakes shipping, and deadliest disaster in Chicago history.
1944 Military strikesubmarine 819 SS Leopoldville[6] English Channel Approximately 763 United States Army soldiers drowned.
1944 Military strikeE-boats 749 Exercise Tiger English Channel USS LST-289, LST-507 and LST-531 sunk during a training exercise.[7]
1919 Tropical cyclone 745 1919 Florida Keys hurricane Florida, Texas
1995 Heat wave 739 Chicago Heat Wave of 1995 Chicago, Illinois
1925 Tornado 695–747 $1,650,000,000
(2005)
Tri-State Tornado Missouri, Illinois and Indiana (Kentucky, Tennessee) Lower number for single 3-state tornado; higher for 5-state outbreak
1942 Military strikesubmarine 683 USS Juneau[8] Guadalcanal Sunk by submarine while retreating with damage from naval battle of Guadalcanal.
1938 Tropical cyclone 682–800 1938 New England hurricane
1943 Military strikesubmarine 675 SS Dorchester[9] Greenland United States troopship.
1943 Military strikesubmarine 644 USS Liscombe Bay[10] Gilbert Islands Submarine torpedo detonated the aircraft carrier's bomb magazine during Operation Galvanic.
1903 Fire (building) 602 Iroquois Theatre fire Chicago, Illinois Worst theater fire in American history; worst single-building fire.
1928 Accidentdam failure 600 St. Francis Dam Santa Clarita, California
1947 Accidentexplosion 581 Texas City disaster Texas City, Texas Ammonium nitrate onboard ship
1871 Wildfire (rural) 500 (estimated) Great Michigan Fire Michigan
1942 Fire (building) 492 Cocoanut Grove fire Boston, Massachusetts Deadliest nightclub fire ever, and second-deadliest structure fire in U.S. history; loss of life due to blocked exits; burn victims were among the first treated with penicillin
1927 Exploitation, silicosis 476-1,000+ Hawks Nest Tunnel disaster Gauley Bridge, West Virginia 178 admitted deaths, 476 with congressional inquiry, 1,000+ by epidemiologists.
1936 Tornado outbreak 436+ 1936 Tupelo–Gainesville tornado outbreak Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, Georgia, South Carolina, Tennessee Two tornadoes in Tupelo, Mississippi, and Gainesville, Georgia, killed 233 and 203 people respectively
1913 Flood 428 1913 (Ohio) statewide flood Ohio
1894 Wildfire (rural) 418+ Great Hinckley Fire Hinckley, Minnesota and vicinity
1957 Tropical cyclone 416 $147,000,000
(1957)
Hurricane Audrey Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi, Alabama
1935 Tropical cyclone 408 1935 Labor Day hurricane Florida

201 to 400 deaths[edit]

Year Type Fatalities Damage (US$) Article Location Comments
1857 Shipwreck 400 SS Central America, 1857 Off the coast of Georgia Fatalities estimated
1860 Accidentshipwreck 400 PS Lady Elgin Chicago, Illinois
1888 Blizzard 400 Great Blizzard of 1888 Northeastern United States Fatalities estimated
1937 Flood 385 $5,000,000,000 Ohio River flood of 1937 Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois
1944 Accidentexplosion 372 USS Mount Hood[11] New Guinea Ammunition ship explosion.
1907 Accidentcoal mine 362 Monongah mining disaster Monongah, West Virginia
1913 Flood 361 Great Dayton Flood Dayton, Ohio Flood was created by a series of three winter storms that hit the region in March, 1913
1950 Blizzard 353 $66,700,000
(1950)
Great Appalachian Storm of November 1950 Eastern United States
2011 Tornado outbreak 348 ~$11,000,000,000
(2011)
2011 Super Outbreak Midwestern United States, Southern United States, Eastern United States 360 tornadoes, with one of the deadliest in Tuscaloosa and Birmingham, Alabama. 324 tornadic deaths, with another 24 from related weather.
1932 Tornado outbreak 330 $4,340,000 1932 Deep South tornado outbreak Southern United States At least 36 tornadoes, including 10 violent (F4 or F5) storms, resulting in 268 deaths in Alabama alone.
1930 Fire (building) 322 Ohio Penitentiary Columbus, Ohio
1944 Accidentexplosion 320 Port Chicago disaster Port Chicago, California World War II ammunition ignited
1974 Tornado outbreak 319 $3,500,000,000
(2005)
1974 Super Outbreak Ontario, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia and New York 148 tornadoes
1993 Cyclonic blizzard 318 $6,650,000,000
(2008)
1993 Storm of the Century Eastern United States
1865 Accidentexplosion 300 Mobile magazine explosion Mobile, Alabama Civil War ammunition
1921 Race riot 300 Tulsa race riot Tulsa, Oklahoma White mob attacks affluent black neighborhood
1890 Mass murder, Mass shooting 150-300 Wounded Knee Massacre Wounded Knee Creek, South Dakota White U.S. Cavalry troops went to a Native American reserve and shot and killed between 150-300 Native Americans.
1937 Accidentexplosion 296–319 $13,000,000
(2003)
New London School explosion New London, Texas Gas leak
1960 Blizzard 286 December 1960 nor'easter Northeastern United States
1881 Wildfire (rural) 282 $2,347,000 Thumb Fire Michigan
1876 Fire (building) 278 Brooklyn Theatre fire Brooklyn, New York
1898 Explosion 274 USS Maine Havana, Cuba A major event that precipitated the Spanish–American War. Exact cause remains unknown.
1979 Accidentaircraft 273 American Airlines Flight 191 Chicago, Illinois Deadliest aircraft accident in U.S. history
1943 Military strikesubmarine 272 Henry R. Mallory[12] North Atlantic United States troopship.
1965 Tornado outbreak 271 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak Iowa, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana 78 tornadoes
1999 Heat wave 271 1999 heat wave Midwest and Northeast
1988 Terrorism 270 Pan Am Flight 103 Lockerbie, Scotland Inflight bombing of a flight from London to New York killed all aboard, including 179 U.S. citizens, and 16 on the ground.
2001 Accidentaircraft 265 American Airlines Flight 587 Queens, New York Second-deadliest U.S. aviation accident, and deadliest in New York City.
1913 Accidentcoal mine 263 Dawson, New Mexico
1909 Accidentcoal mine 259 Cherry Mine disaster Cherry, Illinois
1937 Accidentcoal mine 257 Grundy, Virginia
1969 Tropical cyclone 256 Hurricane Camille Mississippi,

Alabama, and Virginia

1985 Accidentaircraft 256 Arrow Air Flight 1285 Gander, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada Most of the passengers were members of the 101st Airborne Division.
1896 Tornado 255–400 $2,900,000,000
(1997)
St. Louis-East St. Louis Tornado Missouri
1913 Blizzard 250 $5,000,000
(1913)
Great Lakes Storm of 1913 Great Lakes region Fatalities estimated
1953 Tornado outbreak sequence 247 Flint–Worcester tornado outbreak sequence Michigan

Ohio, Nebraska and Massachusetts

116 deaths in Flint, Michigan, 94 in Worcester, Massachusetts.
1927 Flood 246 $400,000,000 Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee
1983 Terrorism 241 1983 Beirut barracks bombings Beirut, Lebanon 58 French peacekeepers, six civilians and two suicide bombers also died in the attack
1912 Accidentshipwreck 238 RMS Titanic[13] north Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland Only includes U.S. victims
1972 Flood 238 $160,000,000
(1972)
$664,000,000
(2002)
1972 Black Hills flood Rapid City, South Dakota Average rainfall over area of 60 mi² measured at 10-15 inches (380 mm), over 6 hours in middle of night June 9–10, 1972.
1996 Accidentaircraft 230 TWA Flight 800 Long Island, New York
1997 Accidentaircraft 228 Korean Air Flight 801 Nimitz Hill, Guam
1998 Terrorism 223 1998 United States embassy bombings Tanzania, Kenya 4,000+ injured
1999 Accidentaircraft 217 EgyptAir Flight 990 Atlantic Ocean near Nantucket, Massachusetts
1940 Fire (building) 209 Rhythm Club fire Natchez, Mississippi
1896 Hurricane 202 $9,600,000 in 1896
($289,000,000 in 2018)
1896 Cedar Keys hurricane Landfall at Cedar Key, Florida; Heavy damage along much of Eastern Seaboard of U.S.
1966 Blizzard 201 North American blizzard of 1966 Eastern United States

81 to 200 deaths[edit]

Year Type Fatalities Damage (US$) Article Location Comments
1871 Fire (urban conflagration) 200–300 Great Chicago Fire Chicago, Illinois Fatalities estimated; 125 bodies recovered
1900 Accidentcoal mine 200 Scofield Mine disaster Scofield, Utah
1898 Accidentshipwreck 192 The Portland Gloucester, Massachusetts
1863 Mass murder, military operation 185–200 Lawrence Massacre Lawrence, Kansas
1947 Tornado 181 1947 Glazier–Higgins–Woodward tornadoes Oklahoma (especially Woodward), Texas (including Glazier and Higgins), Kansas
1908 Fire (building) 174 Collinwood school fire Cleveland, Ohio Deadliest school fire in U.S. history; led to many changes in how schools were built.
1908 Fire (building) 171 Rhoads Opera House fire Boyertown, Pennsylvania Sources conflict on number of fatalities: 170 or 171.
1917 Fire (mine) 168 Speculator Mine disaster Butte, Montana
1944 Fire (building) 168 Hartford circus fire Hartford, Connecticut
1966 Smog incident 168 1966 New York City smog New York City and New York metropolitan area, including parts of New Jersey and Connecticut Fatalities estimated
1995 Terrorism 168 Oklahoma City bombing Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Deadliest act of domestic terrorism, and deadliest domestic bombing, in U.S. history
1946 Tsunami and Earthquake 165 1946 Aleutian Islands earthquake Alaska, Hawaii
1977 Fire (building) 165 Beverly Hills Supper Club fire Southgate, Kentucky
1944 Maritime Accident 163 West Loch disaster Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Classified as top secret until 1960.
1956 Blizzard 162 March 18–20, 1956 nor'easter Northeastern United States
2011 Tornado 158 $2,800,000,000
(2011)
2011 Joplin tornado Joplin, Missouri Part of the tornado outbreak sequence of May 21–26, 2011. Three additional fatalities resulted indirectly from this tornado.
2012 Tropical cyclone 158 $71,400,000,000 Hurricane Sandy Most of the United States East Coast 86 indirect fatalities occurred in the United States. 76 additional fatalities occurred in the Caribbean and the Bahamas; 21 people are still missing in Haiti.
1960 Tropical cyclone 157 $491,100,000 Hurricane Donna The Caribbean, United States East Coast Includes 107 deaths in Puerto Rico.
1987 Accidentaircraft 156 Northwest Airlines Flight 255 Detroit, Michigan
1982 Accidentaircraft 153 Pan Am Flight 759 New Orleans, Louisiana
1911 Fire (building) 146 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire New York City, New York Led to improved occupational safety standards as well as mandatory comprehensive fire safety standards
1976 Flood 145 Big Thompson Canyon Flood of 1976 Colorado
1978 Accidentaircraft 144 PSA Flight 182 San Diego, California
1840 Accidentshipwreck 139 Lexington Long Island Sound Steamship sank due to fire on board
1985 Accidentaircraft 137 Delta Air Lines Flight 191 Dallas, Texas
1960 Accidentaircraft 134 1960 New York mid-air collision New York City, New York
1967 Fire (ship) 134 >$72,000,000 1967 USS Forrestal fire Gulf of Tonkin, Vietnam
1994 Accidentaircraft 132 USAir Flight 427 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
1944 Accidentexplosion 130 $7,000,000-
$15,000,000
Cleveland East Ohio Gas explosion Cleveland, Ohio
1963 AccidentSubmarine 129 USS Thresher (SSN-593) Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of Massachusetts Deadliest submarine disaster in history.
1915 IncidentMaritime 128 Sinking of the RMS Lusitania Atlantic Ocean near Kinsale, Ireland Ship torpedoed by a German U-boat. 1,198 fatalities resulted overall; 128 of them were Americans.
1956 Accidentaircraft 128 1956 Grand Canyon mid-air collision Grand Canyon, Arizona Parts of wreckage still visible. Deadliest air disaster in U.S. at that time; led to creation of Federal Aviation Administration two years later.
1972 AccidentDam burst 125 Buffalo Creek flood Logan County, West Virginia
1929 Fire (building) 123 Cleveland Clinic fire of 1929 Cleveland, Ohio
1933 Earthquake 120 $50,000,000
(1933)
Long Beach earthquake Long Beach, California
2005 Tropical cyclone 120 $18,500,000,000
(2005)
Hurricane Rita Louisiana
1946 Fire (building) 119 Winecoff Hotel Atlanta, Georgia
1972 Tropical cyclone 119 $2,100,000,000 Hurricane Agnes Eastern United States
1899 Tornado 117 >$300,000 ($8,381,000 in today's dollars[when?]). New Richmond tornado New Richmond, Wisconsin Tornado hit the same time the circus was in town.
1918 Earthquake 116 1918 San Fermin earthquake Puerto Rico
1837 Accidentshipwreck 115 Wreck of the Mexico Long Beach, New York Eight people rescued from shore. One hundred fifteen crew and passengers (mostly Irish immigrants, and many of them women and children) froze to death on the deck of the ship just 200 yards from shore. See book: "Water and Ice: The Tragic Wrecks of the Bristol and the Mexico on the South Shore of Long Island" @ www.Lynhistory.com The wreck of the Mexico is the subject of Walt Whitman's poem, "Sleepers" in Leaves of Grass.
1938 Flood 115 $78 million (1938) Los Angeles flood of 1938 Los Angeles, California Deadliest disaster in Los Angeles history
1964 Tsunami and Earthquake 115 $1,800,000,000
(2006)
Good Friday earthquake Alaska, Hawaii, Oregon, California
1953 Tornado 114 1953 Waco tornado outbreak Waco, Texas Other tornadoes in the outbreak caused an additional 30 deaths
1981 Accident – collapse 114 Hyatt Regency walkway collapse Kansas City, Missouri
1975 Accidentaircraft 113 Eastern Air Lines Flight 66 New York City, New York
1863 Riot 112 $1–5 million (1863) New York City draft riots New York City, New York Worst civil unrest in U.S. history required diverting Union Army troops from the front to put down
2008 Tropical cyclone 112 $30,000,000,000
(2008)
Hurricane Ike Texas; Louisiana 34 people still missing as of 2013
1947 Accidentcoal mine 111 Centralia mine disaster Centralia, Illinois
1971 Accidentaircraft 111 Alaska Airlines Flight 1866 Juneau, Alaska
1989 Accidentaircraft 111 United Airlines Flight 232 Sioux City, Iowa
1996 Accidentaircraft 110 ValuJet Flight 592 Florida Everglades
1869 Accidentcoal mine 108 Avondale Mine disaster Plymouth, Pennsylvania
2017 Tropical cyclone 106 $125,000,000,000
(2017)
Hurricane Harvey Texas, Louisiana Tied with Hurricane Katrina as the costliest natural disaster in United States history. One additional death occurred in Guyana.
1918 Accidentrailroad 101 Great Train Wreck of 1918 Nashville, Tennessee Deadliest rail accident in U.S. history
1963 Accidentaircraft 101 Northwest Airlines Flight 293 Near Annette Island, Alaska
1972 Accidentaircraft 101 Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 Miami, Florida
1892 Accident-Coal mine 100 Krebs, Oklahoma (then Choctaw nation, Indian Territory) Natural gas explosion
1978 Blizzard 100 $1,075,000,000
(2010)
Northeastern United States blizzard of 1978 Northeastern United States Fatalities estimated
2003 Fire (building) 100 The Station nightclub fire West Warwick, Rhode Island 4th-deadliest nightclub fire in U.S. history, killing 100 people and injuring more than 200.
2017 Tropical cyclone 99 $53,400,000,000
(2017)
Hurricane Irma Puerto Rico, United States Virgin Islands, Eastern United States (particularly Florida) Includes three deaths and $1 billion (2017 USD) in damage in Puerto Rico, and four deaths and $2.4 billion in damage in the U.S. Virgin Islands. Storm caused an additional 35 deaths and approximately US$11.4 billion in damage across the rest of the Caribbean.
1968 Accidentshipwreck 99 USS Scorpion (SSN-589) North Atlantic Ocean off New London, Connecticut U.S. Navy investigation of cause was inconclusive, although suggested an internal hydrogen explosion may have been followed by collapse of hull, followed by immediately sinking to ocean floor, killing all hands.
1890 Accidentshipwreck 98 Sea Wing disaster Lake Pepin near Lake City, Minnesota Strong winds toppled the excursion vessel.
1922 Roof collapse 98 Knickerbocker Theatre Washington, District of Columbia
1904 Accidentrailroad 97 Eden train wreck Pueblo, Colorado
1910 Avalanche 96 Wellington avalanche Wellington, Washington Avalanche hit 2 trains in Tye Canyon
1954 Tropical cyclone 95 Hurricane Hazel North Carolina; South Carolina U.S. victims only
1958 Fire (building) 95 Our Lady of the Angels School fire Chicago, Illinois
1962 Accidentaircraft 95 American Airlines Flight 1 New York City, New York
1918 Accidentrailroad 93 Malbone Street Wreck Brooklyn, New York Some accounts give death toll as 101. Deadliest accident on New York City subway, deadliest rail disaster in city's history and deadliest mass-transit accident in U.S. history.
1876 Accidentrailroad 92 Ashtabula River railroad disaster Ashtabula, Ohio
1974 Accidentaircraft 92 TWA Flight 514 Berryville, Virginia
1973 Accidentaircraft 89 Delta Air Lines Flight 723 Boston, Massachusetts
2000 Accidentaircraft 88 Alaska Airlines Flight 261 Pacific Ocean near Anacapa Island, California
2018 Forest fire 85 Camp Fire Paradise, California Deadliest fire in California history.
1990 Fire (building) 87 Happy Land fire New York City, New York Arson by disgruntled patron. Deadliest mass murder by a single person in U.S. history.
1910 Wildfire 86 Great Fire of 1910 Washington, Idaho, Montana
1918 Accidentrailroad 86 Hammond Circus Train Wreck Hammond, Indiana
1993 Police raidFire 86 Waco siege Branch Davidian Complex, Waco, Texas 6 Davidians and 4 police killed in initial raid. Weeks later during final FBI assault, 76 Davidians died in a fire of disputed origin.
1951 Accidentrailroad 85 Woodbridge train wreck Woodbridge, New Jersey
1968 Accidentaircraft 85 Braniff Flight 352 Dawson, Texas
1980 Fire (building) 85 MGM Grand fire Las Vegas, Nevada
1965 Accidentaircraft 84 Eastern Air Lines Flight 663 New York City, New York
1977 Flash Flood 84 $300,000,000 Johnstown flood of 1977 Johnstown, Pennsylvania The flood occurred when an extraordinary amount of rain came down in the Conemaugh Valley in a short period of time. Nearly 12 inches were measured in 10 hours. The National Weather Service later estimated that this amount of rain in that location should happen less than once every 1,000 years.
1969 Accidentaircraft 83 Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 Shelby County, Indiana A Piper Cherokee 140, piloted by a student who was a week away from getting his private pilot's license, collided with an Allegheny Airlines DC-9. The flight originated in Boston and had stopped in Baltimore and Cincinnati.[14]
1967 Accidentaircraft 82 Piedmont Airlines Flight 22 Hendersonville, North Carolina
1986 Accidentaircraft 82 1986 Cerritos mid-air collision Cerritos, California
1887 Accidentrailroad 81–85 Great Chatsworth train wreck Chatsworth, Illinois
1963 Accidentaircraft 81 Pan Am Flight 214 Elkton, Maryland Lightning strike

41 to 80 deaths[edit]

Year Type Fatalities Damage (US$) Article Location Comments
1943 Accidentrailroad 79 Frankford Junction train wreck Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1862 Accidentexplosion 78 Allegheny Arsenal Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Largest civilian death toll during American Civil War
1875 Fire (building) 78 Precious Blood Church fire Holyoke, Massachusetts
1950 Accidentrailroad 78 Kew Gardens train crash Kew Gardens, New York Deadliest surface rail accident in New York City
1961 Accidentaircraft 78 TWA Flight 529 Hinsdale, Illinois
1968 Accidentcoal mine 78 Farmington Mine disaster Farmington, West Virginia
1976 Accidentshipwreck 78 MV George Prince ferry disaster Mississippi River, Louisiana Deadliest ferry disaster in U.S. history
1982 Accidentaircraft 78 Air Florida Flight 90 District of Columbia
1961 Accidentaircraft 77 Imperial Airlines Flight 201/8 Richmond, Virginia
1970 Accidentaircraft 75 Southern Airways Flight 932 Ceredo, West Virginia Deadliest sports tragedy in U.S. history
1963 Accidentexplosion 74 Indiana State Fair Coliseum Indianapolis, Indiana
1913 Stampede 73 Italian Hall disaster Calumet, Michigan Second-largest loss of life within the state of Michigan.
1933 AccidentAirship 73 USS Akron (ZRS-4) Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of New Jersey Deadliest airship disaster in history.
1943 Accidentrailroad 72 Rennert railroad accident Rennert, North Carolina
1957 Fire (building) 72 Warrenton Nursing Home fire Warrenton, Missouri
1974 Accidentaircraft 72 Eastern Air Lines Flight 212 Charlotte, North Carolina
1985 Accidentaircraft 70 Galaxy Airlines Flight 203 Reno, Nevada
1936 Flood 69 $3,000,000,000
(2006)
Pittsburgh Flood of 1936 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area
1989 Earthquake 69 $6,000,000,000
(1989)
Loma Prieta earthquake San Francisco Bay Area, California
1994 Accidentaircraft 68 American Eagle Flight 4184 Roselawn, Indiana
1888 Accidentrailroad 66 Mud Run disaster Eastern Pennsylvania
1955 Accidentaircraft 66 United Airlines Flight 409 Medicine Bow Peak, Wyoming
1959 Accidentaircraft 65 American Airlines Flight 320 New York City, New York
1971 Earthquake 65 $500,000,000 Sylmar earthquake Greater Los Angeles Area, California
1903 Accidentrailroad 64 Connellsville train wreck Connellsville, Pennsylvania
1983 Terrorism 64 1983 United States embassy bombing Beirut, Lebanon
1960 Accidentaircraft 63 Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 710 Tell City, Indiana Wing failure resulting from freak vibrations in clear weather turbulence was the probable cause.[14]
1963 Fire (building) 63 Golden Age Nursing Home fire Fitchville, Ohio
1960 Accidentaircraft 62 Eastern Air Lines Flight 375 Boston, Massachusetts
1944 Military aircraft, Accident 61 Freckleton air disaster Freckleton, England An American United States Army Air Forces Consolidated B-24 Liberator heavy bomber crashed into the centre of the village of Freckleton. It crashed into a school, 3 houses, and a pub. 38 children were killed.
1960 Tsunami 61 $500,000
(2005)
Great Chilean earthquake Hawaii, Alaska 2,290 to 6,600 killed and $3,500,000,000 (2005) in damage worldwide. 61 killed in Hilo, Hawaii. $500,000 in U.S. property damage
1992 Tropical cyclone 61 $27,250,000,000
(1992)
Hurricane Andrew Florida, Louisiana
1886 Earthquake 60 $5,000,000–6,000,000 1886 Charleston earthquake South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, East coast of the United States Massive earthquake starting in South Carolina, spreading across the East Coast of the USA.
1864 Accidentrailroad 60–72 Shohola train wreck Shohola, Pennsylvania Train collision along upper Delaware River. Official death toll is 65.
1856 Accidentrailroad 59–67 Great Train Wreck of 1856 Fort Washington, Pennsylvania
2017 Mass shooting[15][16] 59 2017 Las Vegas shooting Paradise, Nevada 58 victims and 1 perpetrator, with the perpetrator committing suicide. The deadliest mass shooting by an individual in U.S. history.
2018 Tropical cyclone 59 $25,000,000,000 Hurricane Michael Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia Category 5 hurricane[17] that caused 16 direct and 43 indirect deaths in the US, as well as 15 in Central America[18]
1950 Accidentaircraft 58 Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 2501 Lake Michigan Airplane wreckage never found
1964 Accidentaircraft 58 Eastern Air Lines Flight 304 Lake Pontchartrain, Louisiana
1965 Accidentaircraft 58 American Airlines Flight 383 Cincinnati, Ohio
1992 Riot 58 ~$1,000,000,000 1992 Los Angeles riots Los Angeles County, California
1980 Volcano 57 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens Washington
1984 Tornado outbreak 57 1984 Carolinas tornado outbreak Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina
1994 Earthquake 57 $23,000,000,000 Northridge earthquake Greater Los Angeles area, California
2008 Tornado outbreak 57 2008 Super Tuesday tornado outbreak Tennessee, Arkansas, Kentucky, Alabama, and Illinois
1904 Accidentrailroad 56 New Market train wreck New Market, Tennessee
1949 Accidentaircraft 55 Eastern Air Lines Flight 537 Alexandria, Virginia
2016 Blizzard 55 $500,000,000,
to $3,000,000,000
(2016)
January 2016 United States blizzard Eastern United States
2004 Tropical cyclone 54 $13,000,000,000
(2004)
Hurricane Ivan Texas, Florida Damage and death figures are for the U.S. only. Storm caused an additional 67 deaths and ~US$7 billion in damage across the Caribbean.
2018 Tropical cyclone 54 $24,230,000,000 Hurricane Florence Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina Category 4 hurricane that caused major damage and 54 recorded fatalities in the US; 24 direct and 30 indirect.
1906 Accidentrailroad 53 1906 Atlantic City train wreck Atlantic City, New Jersey
1942 Military strikebombing 53 Battle of Dutch Harbor Unalaska, Alaska 43 American and 10 Japanese fatalities. Deadliest attack on continental U.S. by a foreign power since the Mexican–American War.
1906 Accidentrailroad 53 1906 Washington, D.C., train wreck Washington, D.C.
1947 Accidentaircraft 53 Eastern Air Lines Flight 605 Near Port Deposit, Maryland
1910 Accidentrailroad 52 Green Mountain train wreck Green Mountain, Iowa
1947 Accidentaircraft 52 United Airlines Flight 608 Bryce Canyon, Utah
2003 Tropical Cyclone, Flooding 51 5,500,000,000

(2003)

Hurricane Isabel Virginia, Florida, North Carolina, West Virginia, Washington, D.C., Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Ontario Worst hurricane to hit Virginia
1956 Accidentshipwreck 51 SS Andrea Doria, MS Stockholm Off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts
1978 AccidentConstruction 51 Willow Island disaster Willow Island, West Virginia Scaffolding fell 166 feet (51 m) with insufficiently cured concrete
1896 Accidentrailroad 50 1896 Atlantic City rail crash Atlantic City, New Jersey
1925 Accidentrailroad 50 Rockport train wreck Hackettstown, New Jersey
1960 Accidentaircraft 50 Capital Airlines Flight 20 Holdcroft, Virginia
1993 Flood 50 $15,000,000,000 Great Flood of 1993 Midwest
2009 Accidentaircraft 50 Colgan Air Flight 3407 Clarence Center, New York
2016 Terrorism 50 Orlando nightclub shooting Orlando, Florida 49 victims and 1 perpetrator. The second-deadliest mass shooting in U.S. history, after the 2017 Las Vegas shooting.
1867 Accidentrailroad 49 Angola Horror Angola, New York
1892 Accidentexplosions 49 Giant Powder Company Albany, California Explosion in explosives manufacturing plant destroyed facility, caused extensive damage in nearby Berkeley. Official death toll was 49, though estimates of unrecovered bodies ran higher.[19]
1917 Accidentrailroad 49 Shepherdsville train wreck Shepherdsville, Kentucky
1989 Tropical cyclone 49 $7,000,000,000
(1989)
Hurricane Hugo East Coast of the United States. Damage figure for U.S. only. At least 111 total deaths, with 37 in the continental U.S., as far north as Michigan, and 12 in the U.S. possession of Puerto Rico.
2004 Tropical cyclone 49 $9,000,000,000 Hurricane Frances Florida
2006 Accidentaircraft 49 Comair Flight 5191 Lexington, Kentucky
2011 Tropical cyclone 49 $15,800,000,000
(2011)
Hurricane Irene Puerto Rico, East Coast of the United States 49 fatalities in U.S., including 1 in Puerto Rico, with 10 additional fatalities elsewhere.
1853 Accidentrailroad 48 Norwalk rail accident Norwalk, Connecticut
1944 Accidentrailroad 48 Bagley train wreck West of Ogden, Utah
1958 Accidentrailroad 48 Newark Bay rail accident Newark Bay, New Jersey
1999 Tornado outbreak 48 $1,500,000,000
(2005)
1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas, Tennessee 66 tornadoes
1938 Accidentrailroad 47 Custer Creek train wreck Saugus, Montana
1944 Accidentrailroad 47 Stockton train wreck Stockton, Georgia
1989 Accidentexplosion 47 USS Iowa turret explosion Caribbean Sea, off Puerto Rico
1993 Accidentrailroad 47 Big Bayou Canot train disaster Mobile, Alabama Deadliest train crash in Amtrak history.
2016 Tropical cyclone 47 $10,000,000,000
(2016)
Hurricane Matthew Florida, Georgia, The Carolinas Damage and death figures are for the U.S. only. Storm caused an additional 551 deaths and US$5.08 billion in damage across the Caribbean.
1967 AccidentBridge collapse 46 Silver Bridge – over the Ohio River Point Pleasant, West Virginia

Gallipolis, Ohio

1961 Tropical cyclone 46 $325.74 million (U.S. only) Texas, Louisiana Hurricane Carla Landed Port O'Connor, Texas on September 11 as Category 4, continued northeast across U.S., dissipated in eastern Canada on September 14.
1927 Mass murder 45 Bath School disaster Bath Township, Michigan Deadliest act of school violence in U.S. history
1962 Terrorism 45 Continental Airlines Flight 11 Unionville, Missouri
1972 Accidentrailroad 45 1972 Chicago commuter rail crash Chicago, Illinois
1972 Accidentaircraft 45 United Airlines Flight 553 Chicago, Illinois
1915 Accidentrailroad 43 $1,250,00 1915 Ardmore Gas Explosion Ardmore, Oklahoma Overpressured tank car filled with casing head gas exploded, causing major damage and death in the town.[20]
1955 Accidentaircraft 44 United Airlines Flight 629 Longmont, Colorado
1940 Accidentrailroad 43 Doodlebug disaster Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio
1948 Accidentaircraft 43 United Airlines Flight 624 Near Aristes, Pennsylvania
1963 Accidentaircraft 43 Northwest Airlines Flight 705 Everglades, Florida
1971 Prison riot 43 Attica Prison riot Attica, New York State troopers opened non-stop fire on prisoners and hostages after a four-day prison uprising, killing 29 of the former and 10 of the latter; one prison guard had also died at the beginning of the riot. It is considered the deadliest one-day encounter between Americans since the Civil War.
1987 Accidentaircraft 43 PSA Flight 1771 Near Cayucos, California
2011 Tornado outbreak 43 Tornado outbreak of April 14–16, 2011 Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Missouri, Louisiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania 162 tornadoes
2012 Tornado outbreak 43 $3,500,000,000 (2019) Tornado outbreak of March 2–3, 2012 Southern United States, Ohio Valley 70 tornadoes, with one of the deadliest in Henryville, Indiana. 41 tornadic deaths, with another 2 from related weather.
2014 Mudflow 43 2014 Oso mudslide Oso, Washington
2017 Wildfire 44 >$3,000,000,000 October 2017 Northern California wildfires California The fires killed 44, injured at least 185 people, and destroyed 5,700 homes
1929 Tornado outbreak 42 Unknown damage 1929 Rye Cove tornado outbreak Virginia, Central and Eastern United States 13 deadliest to hit a school.
1977 Fire (building) 42 Maury County jail fire Maury County, Tennessee 33 prisoners and 9 visitors killed
1989 AccidentBridge collapse 42 Cypress Street viaduct Oakland, California
1859 Bridge washout 41 Springbrook Bridge washout South Bend, Indiana
1950 Fire (building) 41 St. Elizabeth's Hospital fire Davenport, Iowa
1968 Natural gas explosion 41 Richmond, Indiana explosion Richmond, Indiana
2001 Tropical cyclone 41 $8,500,000,000 Tropical Storm Allison Texas, Louisiana, and Pennsylvania

15 to 40 deaths[edit]

Year Type Fatalities Damage (US$) Article Location Comments
1912 Accidentrailroad 39 Corning train wreck Corning, New York
1977 Accidentdam failure 39 Kelly Barnes Dam Toccoa, Georgia
1997 Mass suicide 39 Heaven's Gate (religious group) San Diego, California Cult leaders Marshall Applewhite and Bonnie Nettles convinced followers they would join Comet Hale-Bopp to take them to another planet by swallowing poison.
2011 Blizzard 39 2011 Halloween nor'easter Northeastern United States
1920 Terrorism 38 Wall Street bombing Manhattan, New York
1969 Accidentaircraft 38 United Airlines Flight 266 Santa Monica Bay, California
2014 Tornado outbreak 38 ≥$1,000,000,000 (2014) Tornado outbreak of April 27–30, 2014 Southern United States, Central United States 84 tornadoes. 35 tornadic deaths, with another 3 from related weather.
1883 Tornado 37 $700,000 (1883) 1883 Rochester tornado Rochester, Minnesota F5 tornado killed 37 and injured hundreds more. It led to the creation of the Mayo Clinic.
1924 Fire (building) 36 Financial damage not reported Babbs Switch fire Babbs Switch, Oklahoma Christmas tree lighted with candles accidentally caught fire and destroyed school building. 37 additional people injured.
1937 Accidentairship 36 Hindenburg disaster Manchester, New Jersey Hydrogen-filled zeppelin exploded while trying to dock.
2016 Fire (building) 36 2016 Oakland warehouse fire Oakland, California
1969 Accidentaircraft 35 Hawthorne Nevada Airlines Flight 708 Lone Pine, California
1980 Ship – collision 35 Sunshine Skyway Bridge St. Petersburg, Florida
1967 Attack - military ship 34 USS Liberty incident Mediterranean Sea 34 deaths on military ship USS Liberty due to June 8, 1967 attack by Israeli Defense Force (IDF) aircraft and torpedo boats.
2015 Tropical cyclone, shipwreck 34 $200,000,000 Hurricane Joaquin Southeastern United States, Bermuda, Cuba, The Caribbean 33 deaths from Cargo ship sunk by Joaquin. 1 other death on land.
1967 Accidentaircraft 34 Mohawk Airlines Flight 40 Blossburg, Pennsylvania
2019 Fire (dive boat) 34 Sinking of MV Conception Santa Cruz Island, California
2007 Mass murderschool shooting 33 Virginia Tech shooting Blacksburg, Virginia Armed with two semi-automatic handguns, student Seung-Hui Cho shot to death 32 people in two separate attacks on the campus of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 23 other people were wounded, 17 by gunfire. Cho committed suicide.[21]
2015 Accidentshipwreck 33 SS El Faro Atlantic Ocean near the Bahamas A U.S.-flagged vessel sank during Hurricane Joaquin with all on board perishing.
1963 Accident – bus, train 32 1963 Chualar bus crash Chualar, California Deadliest road accident in U.S. history, and deadliest U.S. rail accident involving a grade crossing
1973 Fire (building) 32 UpStairs Lounge arson attack New Orleans, Louisiana Deadliest attack on a gay bar in the U.S. until 2016; still unsolved.
1855 Bridgeaccident 31 Gasconade Bridge train disaster Gasconade, Missouri
1940 Accidentrailroad 31 Little Falls Gulf Curve crash of 1940 Little Falls, New York An additional 51 were injured
1981 Fire (building) 31 Keansburg nursing home fire Keansburg, New Jersey Nursing home full of elderly and mentally disabled[22]
2009 Tsunami 31 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami American Samoa and nearby islands 189 total deaths, with 31 in American Samoa.
2010 Flood 31 $2,300,000,000
(2010)
2010 Tennessee floods Tennessee, Kentucky and Mississippi
1887 Structural failure 30 Forest Hills disaster Boston, Massachusetts
1923 Accidentrailroad 30 Glenrock train wreck Meadow Acres, Wyoming
1956 Accidentrailroad 30 Redondo Junction train wreck Los Angeles, California
1998 Blizzard 30 North American ice storm of 1998 Canada and Northeast
1871 Accidentrailroad 29 Great Revere Train Wreck of 1871 Revere, Massachusetts
1971 Accidentexplosion 29 Thiokol-Woodbine explosion Woodbine, Georgia
1975 Shipwreck 29 Wreck of the SS Edmund Fitzgerald Lake Superior Deadliest disaster on the Great Lakes. Inspired hit song by Gordon Lightfoot
1976 Accident – school bus 29 Yuba City bus disaster Martinez, California
1977 Accidentaircraft 29 University of Evansville basketball team charter crash Evansville, Indiana The University of Evansville basketball team was traveling to Middle Tennessee State University when the plane crashed 90 seconds after takeoff from Dress Regional Airport.[23]
1990 Tornado 29 $160,000,000 1990 Plainfield tornado Plainfield, Illinois

Crest Hill, Illinois

2010 Accidentcoal mine 29 Upper Big Branch Mine disaster[24] Montcoal, West Virginia
1943 Accidentrailroad 29 Lackawanna Limited wreck Wayland, New York Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad passenger train sideswiped a freight train[25]
1951 Flood 28 $7,000,000,000
(2005)
Great Flood of 1951 Kansas, Missouri
2012 Mass murderschool shooting 28 Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting Sandy Hook, Connecticut Adam Lanza shot and killed his mother, then drove to Sandy Hook Elementary School, where he fatally shot 20 students and 6 educators before committing suicide.[26]
1958 Accident – school bus 27 Prestonsburg, Kentucky bus disaster Prestonsburg, Kentucky
1988 Accident – school bus 27 Carrollton bus collision Carrollton, Kentucky
1997 Tornado 27 Jarrell tornado Jarrell, Texas
2017 Mass shooting 27 Sutherland Springs church shooting Sutherland Springs, Texas 26 murdered, gunman committed suicide
1970 Tornado 26 $1,411,900,000
(2008)
Lubbock tornado Lubbock, Texas F5 tornado killed 26 and wounded approximately 500
2008 Accidentrailroad 26 2008 Chatsworth train collision Chatsworth, California
1913 Accidental shipwrecklake freighterstorm 25 SS Henry B. Smith Lake Superior The SS Henry B. Smith was taking iron ore from one side of Lake Superior to the other. The weather became below freezing with powerful storms which caused massive waves, which resulted in her sinking, killing all 25 crew members on the ship.
1982 Fire (building) 25 Dorothy Mae Apartments Los Angeles, California Arson fire killed 19 residents on scene, 6 others died later from injuries.
1986 Accidentaircraft 25 Grand Canyon Airlines Flight 6 Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona Deadliest accident involving a helicopter in U.S. history
1991 Fire (building) 25 Hamlet chicken processing plant fire Hamlet, North Carolina Workers trapped behind locked doors
1991 Wildfire (wildland-urban interface) 25 $1,500,000,000 1991 Oakland firestorm Oakland, California, and vicinity Burned 2,900 structures and 1,500 acres in Oakland Hills
2005 Tornado 25 $92,000,000 Evansville Tornado of November 2005 Missouri, Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio 7 tornadoes
1887 Bridgerailroad 24 Forest Hills disaster Boston, Massachusetts
1991 Mass murder 24 Luby's shooting Killeen, Texas 23 murdered, gunman committed suicide
1994 Accidentaircraft 24 Green Ramp disaster Fayetteville, North Carolina Deadliest aircraft accident in the U.S. involving victims on the ground
2005 Accident – bus 24 Wilmer bus accident Wilmer, Texas Carrying elderly, fleeing hurricane
2013 Tornado 24 2013 Moore tornado Moore, Oklahoma 377 people were injured
1919 Accidentrailroad 23 Onawa train wreck Onawa, Maine
1959 Explosionfire 23 Meldrim, Georgia, trestle disaster Meldrim, Georgia
1965 Accidentaircraft 23 USAF KC-135 Wichita crash Wichita, Kansas
1976 Fire (building) 23 Pathfinder Hotel fire Fremont, Nebraska Explosion caused by natural gas leak in the hotel basement ignited the fire and shattered windows in neighboring buildings.
1977 Blizzard 23 $56,250,000
(1977)
Great Lakes Blizzard of 1977 New York, Ontario The brunt of the blizzard was centered around Buffalo.
1983 Accidentaircraft 23 Air Canada Flight 797 Cincinnati, Ohio
1989 Accidentexplosion 23 $1,415,000,000
(1990)
Phillips disaster Pasadena, Texas 314 people injured
2016 Flood 23+ 2016 West Virginia flood West Virginia and Virginia
2019 Tornado outbreak 23 Tornado outbreak of March 3, 2019 Alabama and Georgia 3 of the deaths were children
2017 Wildfire 22 Tubbs Fire Napa and Sonoma County, California Wildfire burned 36,807 acres and 5,636 structures.
1942 Accidentaircraft 22 TWA Flight 3 Potosi Mountain, southwest of Las Vegas, Nevada Among those killed were actress Carole Lombard and her mother, who were returning to Los Angeles after a war bond drive in their home state of Indiana.
1960 Accidentaircraft 22 Cal Poly football team plane crash Toledo, Ohio
1972 Accidentaircraft 22 1972 Sacramento Canadair Sabre accident Sacramento, California
1980 Accident – tour bus 22 Jasper, Arkansas
1984 Mass shooting, hostage taking 23 San Ysidro McDonald's massacre San Ysidro, California James Huberty entered a McDonald's armed with multiple Firearms, and shot dead 21 people before being killed by police.
1999 Accident – tour bus 22 New Orleans, Louisiana Plunged over embankment, carrying senior citizens from casino
2018 Blizzard 22 January 2018 North American blizzard Eastern United States
1910 Fire, structural failure 21 Chicago Union Stock Yards fire Chicago, Illinois
1910 Bombing 21 Los Angeles Times bombing Los Angeles, California
1915 Fire (building) 21 St. Johns School fire Peabody, Massachusetts Schoolgirls trapped behind exit door; resulted in first city law requiring that exit doors open outward
1919 Accidentexplosion 21 $6,600,000,000
(2005)
Great Molasses Flood Boston, Massachusetts Damages are out-of-court settlements only; repairs took 133 man-months
1986 Accident – tour bus 21 Walker, California
2018 Debris flow 21 2018 Southern California mudflows Southern California 163 injured. 65 residences destroyed, 462 residences damaged, 8 commercial buildings destroyed, 20 commercial buildings damaged
2019 Mass shooting 22 2019 El Paso shooting El Paso, Texas
1872 Fire (urban conflagration) 20 $73,500,000
(1872)
Great Boston fire of 1872 Boston, Massachusetts
1907 Accident - Explosion 20-24 $100,000 (1907) Standard Steel Mill Explosion Butler, Pennsylvania
1907 Accidentrailroad 20 Woodlawn derailment Woodlawn, The Bronx, New York City The day after the New York Central Railroad inaugurated electrical train service in New York City and suburban Westchester County, an electric engine (which had a higher center of mass than the old steam engines) jumped the tracks on a curve leading into Woodlawn station. Wreckage was strewn over a mile (1.6 km) with 20 dead and 150 injured.
2005 Accidentshipwreck 20 Ethan Allen boating accident Lake George (New York) Overloaded tour boat capsized from another boat's wake.
2010 Flood 20 June 2010 Arkansas floods Albert Pike Recreation Area near Langley, Arkansas
2018 Motor vehicle accident 20 Schoharie limousine crash Schoharie, New York Stretch limo ran a stop sign on a three-way intersection, killing all 18 inside and two people in a parking lot
1897 Accidentrailroad 19 Garrison train crash Garrison, New York
1944 Accidentaircraft 19 Long Creek air disaster South Portland, Maine
1974 Accidentbus 19 1974 Blythe, California bus crash Ripley, California
2013 Wildfire 19 Yarnell Hill Fire Yarnell, Arizona 19 firefighters were killed when they became trapped in the fast-spreading fire.
2013 Blizzard 18 Early February 2013 North American blizzard Eastern United States
1887 Accident - mine explosion 18 Savanna, Oklahoma (then Choctaw Nation in Indian Territory) Explosions in Savanna Coal Mining and Trading Company Mines #1 and #2 killed 6 miners and 12 rescuers.[27]
1861 Accidentrailroad 17 to 20 Platte Bridge Railroad Tragedy St. Joseph, Missouri
1903 Accidentrailroad 17 Purdue Wreck Indianapolis, Indiana
1965 Accidentspipeline accidents 17 Pipeline explosion and fire Natchitoches, Louisiana
1966 Mass murderschool shooting 17 University of Texas massacre Austin, Texas
1991 Accidentautomobile 17 Dust storm accident Coalinga, California
2000 Terrorism 17 USS Cole bombing Aden, Yemen
2002 Mass murder
serial killings
17 Beltway sniper attacks Washington metropolitan area 3 injured in the Beltway sniper attacks and 7 in preliminary shootings
2008 Accidentbus 17 Sherman, Texas bus accident Sherman, Texas
2018 School shooting 17 Stoneman Douglas High School shooting Parkland, Florida Former student Nikolas Cruz, was dropped off by an Uber car to Stoneman Douglas High School, shot and killed 14 students and 3 staff members, left the scene and was later arrested in Coral Springs.
2018 Accidentshipwreck 17 Table Rock Lake duck boat accident Branson, Missouri
1926 Tornado 16 La Plata tornado of 1926 La Plata, Maryland 13 killed in La Plata Elementary School
1978 Accidentrailroad 16 Waverly, Tennessee, tank car explosion Waverly, Tennessee An additional 43 injured
1987 Accidentrailroad 16 1987 Maryland train collision Chase, Maryland
1987 Mass murder
spree killer
16 The Dover massacre Dover, ArkansasRussellville, Arkansas
2015 Terrorism 16 2015 San Bernardino attack San Bernardino, California An additional 24 injured
2016 Accidenthot air balloon 16 2016 Lockhart hot air balloon crash Lockhart, Texas Deadliest ballooning disaster in U.S. history
2017 Blizzard 16–19 March 2017 North American blizzard Northeastern United States, Upper Midwest, Great Plains
2003 Wildfire - Cedar Fire 15 San Diego County, California Burned 273,246 acres and 2,820 structures
1950 Accidentaircraft 15 Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 307 Minneapolis, Minnesota
1954 Fire (building) 15 Cleveland Hill Middle School fire Cheektowaga, New York
1986 Mass murder 15 Edmond post office shooting Edmond, Oklahoma 14 victims and 1 perpetrator
1999 Mass murderschool shooting 15 Columbine High School massacre Jefferson County, Colorado Armed with 2 sawed-off shotguns, a TEC-9 pistol and a carbine, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold entered their school in Littleton and opened fire at the students and staff, killing 12 students, 1 teacher and then killing themselves.
2005 Accidentexplosion 15 Texas City Refinery explosion Texas City, Texas
2011 Accident – tour bus 15 World Wide Tours bus crash Bronx, New York En route to Connecticut casino, March 12
2013 Accidentexplosion 15 West Fertilizer Company explosion West, Texas More than 160 people were injured. Several years later, investigators concluded that the fire that preceded the explosion had been deliberately set

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hurricane Costs". www.coast.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2018-05-30.
  2. ^ "Ascertainment of the estimated excess mortality from Hurricane María in Puerto Rico" (PDF). www.publichealth.gwu.edu. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  3. ^ Kishore, Nishant; Marqués, Domingo; Mahmud, Ayesha; Kiang, Mathew V.; Rodriguez, Irmary; Fuller, Arlan; Ebner, Peggy; Sorensen, Cecilia; Racy, Fabio; Lemery, Jay; Maas, Leslie; Leaning, Jennifer; Irizarry, Rafael A.; Balsari, Satchit; Buckee, Caroline O. (2018). "Mortality in Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria". New England Journal of Medicine. 379 (2): 162–170. doi:10.1056/NEJMsa1803972. PMID 29809109.
  4. ^ Wise, James E; Baron, Scott (2003). Soldiers lost at sea: a chronicle of troopship disasters. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. pp. 25, 31&101. ISBN 978-1-59114-966-8.
  5. ^ "In death, WWII survivor joins shipmates". NBC News. The Associated Press. 2008-10-31. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  6. ^ "Leopoldville". Uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-12-07.
  7. ^ Fenton, Ben (26 April 2004). "The disaster that could have scuppered Overlord". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  8. ^ Frank, Richard B (1990). Guadalcanal. Random House. p. 459. ISBN 978-0-394-58875-9.
  9. ^ "Dorchester". Uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-12-07.
  10. ^ Brown, David (1995). Warship Losses of World War II. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-1-55750-914-7.
  11. ^ Tempest, Mark. "Sunday Ship History: USS Mount Hood (AE-11)". EagleSpeak. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  12. ^ Morison, Samuel Eliot (1975). History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, Volume I The Battle of the Atlantic 1939-1943. Little, Brown and Company. p. 336.
  13. ^ Henderson, John R. "Demographics of the TITANIC Passengers: Deaths, Survivals, Nationality, and Lifeboat Occupancy". ICYouSee. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  14. ^ a b Indiana Plane Crashes Archived 2013-06-27 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ Long, Heather; Berman, Mark; Hawkins, Derek (October 2, 2017). "Las Vegas gunman kills at least 58 in shooting rampage, 500 more injured". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
  16. ^ Pirani, Fiza (October 2, 2017). "Was the Las Vegas gunman a terrorist? Under Nevada law, possibly. Under federal law? Not exactly". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
  17. ^ https://www.noaa.gov/media-release/hurricane-michael-upgraded-to-category-5-at-time-of-us-landfall
  18. ^ https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL142018_Michael.pdf
  19. ^ San Francisco Call, Volume 72, Number 40, 10 July 1892
  20. ^ Burton, Laura M. "Ardmore Gas Explosion." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed August 18, 2018.
  21. ^ Williams, Reed; Morrison, Shawna (April 26, 2007). "Police: No motive found". The Roanoke Times. Archived from the original on February 7, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2008.
  22. ^ "Keansburg, NJ Boarding Home Fire, Jan 1981 | GenDisasters ... Genealogy in Tragedy, Disasters, Fires, Floods". .gendisasters.com. Retrieved 2013-05-13.
  23. ^ "Memories of UE plane crash still linger". ECP.
  24. ^ Lawrence Messina (April 5, 2010). "West Virginia Coal Mine Explosion: 25 Dead After Massey Blast". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
  25. ^ "Wayland, NY Passenger Train Collision, Aug 1943". GenDisasters. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  26. ^ "Documents: New details on Newtown school massacre". CNN. March 28, 2013. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
  27. ^ Strickland, Lois. "Savanna, Oklahoma." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed March 16, 2019.