List of districts of Nepal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
District
Also known as:
जिल्ला
Category Jilla
Location Nepal
Created pre 1816
Number 77 (as of 20 September 2015)
Populations 1,744,240 – 6,538
Areas 7,889 square kilometres (3,046 sq mi) - 119 square kilometres (46 sq mi)
Government District Coordination Committee
Subdivisions Urban Municipality
Rural Municipality
Emblem of Nepal.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Nepal

Districts in Nepal are second level of administrative divisions after provinces. Districts are subdivided in municipalities and rural municipalities. There are seven provinces and 77 districts in Nepal.

After the state's reconstruction of administrative divisions, Nawalparasi District and Rukum District were divided into Parasi District and Nawalpur District, and Eastern Rukum District and Western Rukum District respectively.

District official include:

History[edit]

During the time of king Rajendra Bir Bikram Shah and prime minister Bhimsen Thapa, Nepal was divided into 10 districts.[1] All areas east of Dudhkoshi River were one district, Dhankuta.

Rana regime (1885–1950): During the time of prime minister Bir Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana (1885-1901) Nepal was divided into 32 districts and Doti, Palpa and Dhankuta were 3 gaunda (Nepali: गौंडा) (english meaning: Cantonment). Hilly region had 20 districts and Terai had 12 districts.[1]

Even after Bir Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana to the end of Rana rule in Nepal in 1951 and till the proclamation of new constitution of Kingdom of Nepal in 1962, Nepal remained divided into 32 districts. Each had a headquarters and Bada Haqim (District Administrator) as its head. From 1951 to 1962 many acts and constitutions passed which shows name of districts as below: [2] [3] [4] Districts Before 1956

Districts from 1956 to 1962

Panchayat era (1960–1990):

In 1962, the reorganisation of traditional 32 districts into 14 zones and 75 development Districts.[5]

District Panchayat was one of the four administrative divisions of Nepal during the Panchayat System (1962–1990). During the Panchayat time the country was divided into 75 districts and now 2 districts are added by dividing Nawalparasi and Rukum into 2 districts. Now the total number of districts is 77.

District Development Committee (1990–2015):

Composed of elected members at the district level. It was responsible for formulating district-level development policies. It was established in 1990, following the end of the Panchayat system.

Districts under new administration[edit]

As of 20 September 2015 Nepal is divided into 7 provinces. They are defined by schedule 4 of the new constitution, by grouping together the existing districts. Two districts Rukum and Nawalparasi however are split in two parts ending up in two different provinces.[6] The old District Development Committee (DDC) replaced with District Coordination Committee (DCC).

Overview[edit]

S.N. Map Provinces Capital Districts Area
(KM²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(people/KM²)
Official Languages
Nepal Kathmandu 77 147,181 KM² 26,494,504 180 Nepali
1
Province No. 1 Biratnagar 14 25,905 KM² 4,534,943 175 Nepali/Bantawa/Maithili/Limbu
2
Province No. 2 Janakpur 8 9,661 KM² 5,404,145 559 Nepali/Maithili/Bhojpuri
3
Province No. 3 Hetauda 13 20,300 KM² 5,529,452 272 Nepali/Tamang/Nepal Bhasha
4
Gandaki Pradesh Pokhara 11 21,504 KM² 2,413,907 112 Nepali/Gurung/Magar
5
Province No. 5 Butwal 12 22,288 KM² 4,891,025 219 Nepali/Tharu/Awadhi
6
Karnali Pradesh Birendranagar 10 27,984 KM² 1,168,515 41 Nepali/Magar/Tamang
7
Sudurpashchim Pradesh Godawari 9 19,539 KM² 2,552,517 130 Nepali/Doteli/Tharu

List of districts by province[edit]

Province No. 1[edit]

Districts of Province No. 1
S.N. Map Name Nepali Headquarters Geocode Population (2011) Area Website
1
Bhojpur District भोजपुर जिल्ला Bhojpur 106 182,459 1,507 km² [1]
2
Dhankuta District धनकुटा जिल्ला Dhankuta 107 163,412 0,892 km² [2]
3
Ilam district locator.png
Ilam District इलाम जिल्ला Ilam 110 290,254 1,703 km² [3]
4
Jhapa district locator.png
Jhapa District झापा जिल्ला Bhadrapur 111 812,650 1,606 km² [4]
5
Khotang district locator map.png
Khotang District खोटाँग जिल्ला Diktel 105 206,312 1,591 km² [5]
6
Morang district locator.png
Morang District मोरंग जिल्ला Biratnagar 112 965,370 1,855 km² [6]
7
Okhaldhunga district locator map.png
Okhaldhunga District ओखलढुंगा जिल्ला Siddhicharan 104 147,984 1,074 km² [7]
8
Panchthar district locator.png
Panchthar District पांचथर जिल्ला Phidim 109 191,817 1,241 km² [8]
9
Sankhuwasabha district locator.png
Sankhuwasabha District संखुवासभा जिल्ला Khandbari 102 158,742 3,480 km² [9]
10
Solukhumbu district locator map.png
Solukhumbu District सोलुखुम्बू जिल्ला Salleri 103 105,886 3,312 km² [10]
11
Sunsari district locator.png
Sunsari District सुनसरी जिल्ला Inaruwa 113 763,497 1,257 km² [11]
12
Taplejung district locator map.png
Taplejung District ताप्लेजुंग जिल्ला Taplejung 101 127,461 3,646 km² [12]
13
Terhathum district locator map.png
Terhathum District तेह्रथुम जिल्ला Myanglung 108 113,111 0,679 km² [13]
14
Udayapur district,Nepal.png
Udayapur District उदयपुर जिल्ला Gaighat 114 317,532 2,063 km² [14]

Province No. 2[edit]

Districts of Province No. 2
S.N. Map Districts Headquarters Nepali Geocode Area (km2.) Population (2011)[7] Official Website
1
Saptari district locator.png
Saptari District Rajbiraj सप्तरी जिल्ला 201 1,363 639,284 [15]
2
Siraha District locator.png
Siraha District Siraha सिराहा जिल्ला 202 1,188 637,328 [16]
3
Dhanusha Distric locator.png
Dhanusa District Janakpur धनुषा जिल्ला 203 1,180 754,777 [17]
4
Mahottari District locator.png
Mahottari District Jaleshwar महोत्तरी जिल्ला 204 1,002 627,580 [18]
5
Sarlahi District locator.png
Sarlahi District Malangwa सर्लाही जिल्ला 205 1,259 769,729 [19]
6
Bara District locator.png
Bara District Kalaiya बारा जिल्ला 207 1,190 687,708 [20]
7
Parsa District locator.png
Parsa District Birganj पर्सा जिल्ला 208 1,353 601,017 [21]
8
Rautahat District locator.png
Rautahat District Gaur रौतहट जिल्ला 206 1,126 686,723 [22]

Province No. 3[edit]

Districts of Nepal
sr. Districts Headquarters Nepali Area (km2.) Population (2011)[7] Official Website
1 Sindhuli District Kamalamai सिन्धुली जिल्ला 2,491 296,192 [23]
2 Ramechhap District Manthali रामेछाप जिल्ला 1,546 202,646 [24]
3 Dolakha District Bhimeshwar दोलखा जिल्ला 2,191 186,557 [25]
4 Bhaktapur District Bhaktapur भक्तपुर जिल्ला 119 304,651 [26]
5 Dhading District Nilkantha धादिङ जिल्ला 1,926 336,067 [27]
6 Kathmandu District Kathmandu काठमाडौँ जिल्ला 395 1,744,240 [28]
7 Kavrepalanchok District Dhulikhel काभ्रेपलान्चोक जिल्ला 1,396 381,937 [29]
8 Lalitpur District Lalitpur ललितपुर जिल्ला 385 468,132 [30]
9 Nuwakot District Bidur नुवाकोट जिल्ला 1,121 277,471 [31]
10 Rasuwa District Dhunche रसुवा जिल्ला 1,544 43,300 [32]
11 Sindhupalchok District Chautara सिन्धुपाल्चोक जिल्ला 2,542 287,798 [33]
12 Chitwan District Bharatpur चितवन जिल्ला 2,218 579,984 [34]
13 Makwanpur District Hetauda मकवानपुर जिल्ला 2,426 420,477 [35]
Province No. 3 Hetauda प्रदेश नं. ३ 20,300 km² 5,529,452 [36]

Gandaki Pradesh[edit]

Districts of Nepal
sr. Districts Headquarters Nepali Area (km2.) Population (2011)[7] Official Website
1 Gorkha District Gorkha गोरखा जिल्ला 3,610 271,061 [37]
2 Kaski District Pokhara कास्की जिल्ला 2,017 492,098 [38]
3 Lamjung District Besisahar लमजुङ जिल्ला 1,692 167,724 [39]
4 Syangja District Putalibazar स्याङग्जा जिल्ला 1,164 289,148 [40]
5 Tanahun District Damauli तनहुँ जिल्ला 1,546 323,288 [41]
6 Manang District Chame मनाङ जिल्ला 2,246 6,538 [42]
7 Nawalpur District Kawasoti नवलपुर जिल्ला 1,043.1 310,864 [43]
8 Baglung District Baglung बागलुङ जिल्ला 1,784 268,613 [44]
9 Myagdi District Beni म्याग्दी जिल्ला 2,297 113,641 [45]
10 Parbat District Kusma पर्वत जिल्ला 494 146,590 [46]
11 Mustang District Jomsom मुस्ताङ जिल्ला 3,573 13,452 [47]
Gandaki Pradesh Pokhara गण्डकी प्रदेश 21,733 km² 2,403,757 [48]

Province No. 5[edit]

Districts of Nepal
sr. Districts Headquarters Nepali Area (km2.) Population (2011)[7] Official Website
1 Kapilvastu District Taulihawa कपिलवस्तु जिल्ला 1,738 571,936 [49]
2 Parasi District Ramgram परासी जिल्ला 634.88 321,058 [50]
3 Rupandehi District Siddharthanagar रुपन्देही जिल्ला 1,360 880,196 [51]
4 Arghakhanchi District Sandhikharka अर्घाखाँची जिल्ला 1,193 197,632 [52]
5 Gulmi District Tamghas गुल्मी जिल्ला 1,149 280,160 [53]
6 Palpa District Tansen पाल्पा जिल्ला 1,373 261,180 [54]
7 Dang District Ghorahi दाङ जिल्ला 2,955 552,583 [55]
8 Pyuthan District Pyuthan प्युठान जिल्ला 1,309 228,102 [56]
9 Rolpa District Liwang रोल्पा जिल्ला 1,879 224,506 [57]
10 Eastern Rukum District Rukumkot पूर्वी रूकुम जिल्ला 1,161.13 53,018 [58]
11 Banke District Nepalganj बाँके जिल्ला 2,337 491,313 [59]
12 Bardiya District Gulariya बर्दिया जिल्ला 2,025 426,576 [60]
Province No. 5 Butwal प्रदेश नं. ५ 22,288 km² 4,499,272 [61]

Karnali Pradesh[edit]

Districts of Nepal
sr. Districts Headquarters Nepali Area (km2.) Population (2011)[7] Official Website
1 Western Rukum District Musikot पश्चिमी रूकुम जिल्ला 1,213.49 154,272 [62]
2 Salyan District Salyan सल्यान जिल्ला 1,462 242,444 [63]
3 Dolpa District Dunai डोल्पा जिल्ला 7,889 36,700 [64]
4 Humla District Simikot हुम्ला जिल्ला 5,655 50,858 [65]
5 Jumla District Chandannath जुम्ला जिल्ला 2,531 108,921 [66]
6 Kalikot District Manma कालिकोट जिल्ला 1,741 136,948 [67]
7 Mugu District Gamgadhi मुगु जिल्ला 3,535 55,286 [68]
8 Surkhet District Birendranagar सुर्खेत जिल्ला 2,451 350,804 [69]
9 Dailekh District Narayan दैलेख जिल्ला 1,502 261,770 [70]
10 Jajarkot District Khalanga जाजरकोट जिल्ला 2,230 171,304 [71]
Karnali Pradesh Birendranagar कर्णाली प्रदेश 27,984 km² 1,570,418 [72]

Sudurpashchim Pradesh[edit]

Districts of Nepal
sr. Districts Headquarters Nepali Area (km2.) Population (2011)[7] Official Website
1 Kailali District Dhangadhi कैलाली जिल्ला 3,235 775,709 [73]
2 Achham District Mangalsen अछाम जिल्ला 1,680 257,477 [74]
3 Doti District Dipayal Silgadhi डोटी जिल्ला 2,025 211,746 [75]
4 Bajhang District Jayaprithvi बझाङ जिल्ला 3,422 195,159 [76]
5 Bajura District Martadi बाजुरा जिल्ला 2,188 134,912 [77]
6 Kanchanpur District Bhimdatta कंचनपुर जिल्ला 1,610 451,248 [78]
7 Dadeldhura District Amargadhi डडेलधुरा जिल्ला 1,538 142,094 [79]
8 Baitadi District Dasharathchand बैतडी जिल्ला 1,519 250,898 [80]
9 Darchula District Api दार्चुला जिल्ला 2,322 133,274 [81]
Sudurpashchim Pradesh Godawari सुदुरपश्चिम प्रदेश 19,539 km² 2,552,517 [82]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "संक्षिप्त परिचय" [Short Intro]. ddcdhankuta.gov.np (in Nepali language). Govt of Nepal. Retrieved 6 February 2018. ..."श्री ५ राजेन्द्रविक्रम शाह र प्रधानमन्त्री भीमसेन थापाको शासनकालमा प्रशासनिक दृष्टिकोणले वि.सं.१८७३ साल पश्चात देश १० जिल्लामा विभाजन भयो।"
  2. ^ "Government of Nepal Act 1948" (PDF).
  3. ^ "प्रशासकीय पुनर्गठन समिति (बुच कमिशन) को प्रतिवेदन, २००९" (PDF).
  4. ^ "नेपालको जिल्ला प्रशासन पुनर्गठनको रिपोर्ट, २०१३" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Memorial Step of King Mahendra in 1st Poush 2017 BS". reviewnepal.com. 13 December 2017. Retrieved 6 February 2018. ..." "
  6. ^ "There will be 77 districts in the country: Minister Thapa". myrepublica.com. 6 August 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e f 2011 Census District Level Detail Report, Central Bureau of Statistics.

External links[edit]