List of districts of Nepal

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District
Also known as:
जिल्ला
CategoryJilla
LocationNepal
Createdpre 1816
Number77 (as of 20 September 2015)
Populations1,744,240 – 6,538
Areas7,889 square kilometres (3,046 sq mi) - 119 square kilometres (46 sq mi)
GovernmentDistrict Coordination Committee
SubdivisionsUrban Municipality
Rural Municipality
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Districts in Nepal are second level of administrative divisions after provinces. Districts are subdivided in municipalities and rural municipalities. There are seven provinces and 77 districts in Nepal.

After the state's reconstruction of administrative divisions, Nawal parasi District and Rukum District were divided into Parasi District and Nawalpur District, and Eastern Rukum District and Western Rukum District respectively.

District official include:

History[edit]

During the time of king Rajendra Bir Bikram Shah and prime minister Bhimsen Thapa, Nepal was divided into 10 districts.[1] All areas east of Dudhkoshi River were one district, Dhankuta.

Rana regime (1885–1950): During the time of prime minister Bir Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana (1885-1901) Nepal was divided into 32 districts and Doti, Palpa and Dhankuta were 3 gaunda (Nepali: गौंडा) (english meaning: Cantonment). Hilly region had 20 districts and Terai had 12 districts.[1]

Even after Bir Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana to the end of Rana rule in Nepal in 1951 and till the proclamation of new constitution of Kingdom of Nepal in 1962, Nepal remained divided into 32 districts. Each had a headquarters and Bada Haqim (District Administrator) as its head. From 1951 to 1962 many acts and constitutions passed which shows name of districts as below: [2] [3] [4] Districts Before 1956

Districts from 1956 to 1962

Panchayat era (1960–1990):

In 1962, the reorganisation of traditional 32 districts into 14 zones and 75 development Districts.[5]

District Panchayat was one of the four administrative divisions of Nepal during the Panchayat System (1962–1990). During the Panchayat time the country was divided into 75 districts and now 2 districts are added by dividing Nawalparasi and Rukum into 2 districts. Now the total number of districts is 77.

District Development Committee (1990–2015):

Composed of elected members at the district level. It was responsible for formulating district-level development policies. It was established in 1990, following the end of the Panchayat system.

Districts under new administration[edit]

As of 20 September 2015 Nepal is divided into 7 provinces. They are defined by schedule 4 of the new constitution, by grouping together the existing districts. Two districts Rukum and Nawalparasi however are split in two parts ending up in two different provinces.[6] The old District Development Committee (DDC) replaced with District Coordination Committee (DCC).

Overview[edit]

S.N. Map Provinces Capital Districts Area
(KM²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(people/KM²)
Official Languages
Nepal Kathmandu 77 147,181 KM² 26,494,504 180 Nepali
1
Province No. 1 Biratnagar 14 25,905 KM² 4,534,943 175 Nepali/Bantawa/Maithili/Limbu
2
Province No. 2 Janakpur 8 9,661 KM² 5,404,145 559 Nepali/Maithili/Bhojpuri
3
Province No. 3 Hetauda 13 20,300 KM² 5,529,452 272 Nepali/Tamang/Nepal Bhasha
4
Gandaki Pradesh Pokhara 11 21,504 KM² 2,413,907 112 Nepali/Gurung/Magar
5
Province No. 5 Butwal 12 22,288 KM² 4,891,025 219 Nepali/Tharu/Awadhi
6
Karnali Pradesh Birendranagar 10 27,984 KM² 1,168,515 41 Nepali/Magar/Tamang
7
Sudurpashchim Pradesh Godawari 9 19,539 KM² 2,552,517 130 Nepali/Doteli/Tharu

List of districts by province[edit]

Province No. 1[edit]

Districts of Province No. 1
Name Nepali Headquarters Area (km²) Population (2011) Website
Bhojpur District भोजपुर जिल्ला Bhojpur 1,507 182,459 [1]
Dhankuta District धनकुटा जिल्ला Dhankuta 892 163,412 [2]
Ilam District इलाम जिल्ला Ilam 1,703 290,254 [3]
Jhapa District झापा जिल्ला Bhadrapur 1,606 812,650 [4]
Khotang District खोटाँग जिल्ला Diktel 1,591 206,312 [5]
Morang District मोरंग जिल्ला Biratnagar 1,855 965,370 [6]
Okhaldhunga District ओखलढुंगा जिल्ला Siddhicharan 1,074 147,984 [7]
Panchthar District पांचथर जिल्ला Phidim 1,241 191,817 [8]
Sankhuwasabha District संखुवासभा जिल्ला Khandbari 3,480 158,742 [9]
Solukhumbu District सोलुखुम्बू जिल्ला Salleri 3,312 105,886 [10]
Sunsari District सुनसरी जिल्ला Inaruwa 1,257 763,497 [11]
Taplejung District ताप्लेजुंग जिल्ला Taplejung 3,646 127,461 [12]
Terhathum District तेह्रथुम जिल्ला Myanglung 679 113,111 [13]
Udayapur District उदयपुर जिल्ला Gaighat 2,063 317,532 [14]
Province No. 1 प्रदेश नं० १ Biratnagar 25,905 km2 4,534,943 [15]

Province No. 2[edit]

Districts of Province No. 2
Districts Nepali Headquarters Area (km2) Population (2011)[7] Official Website
Saptari District सप्तरी जिल्ला Rajbiraj 1,363 639,284 [16]
Siraha District सिराहा जिल्ला Siraha 1,188 637,328 [17]
Dhanusa District धनुषा जिल्ला Janakpur 1,180 754,777 [18]
Mahottari District महोत्तरी जिल्ला Jaleshwar 1,002 627,580 [19]
Sarlahi District सर्लाही जिल्ला Malangwa 1,259 769,729 [20]
Bara District बारा जिल्ला Kalaiya 1,190 687,708 [21]
Parsa District पर्सा जिल्ला Birganj 1,353 601,017 [22]
Rautahat District रौतहट जिल्ला Gaur 1,126 686,723 [23]
Province No. 2 प्रदेश नं० २ Janakpur 9,661 km2 5,404,416 [24]

Province No. 3[edit]

Districts of Province No. 3
Districts Nepali Headquarters Area (km2.) Population (2011)[7] Official Website
Sindhuli District सिन्धुली जिल्ला Kamalamai 2,491 296,192 [25]
Ramechhap District रामेछाप जिल्ला Manthali 1,546 202,646 [26]
Dolakha District दोलखा जिल्ला Bhimeshwar 2,191 186,557 [27]
Bhaktapur District भक्तपुर जिल्ला Bhaktapur 119 304,651 [28]
Dhading District धादिङ जिल्ला Nilkantha 1,926 336,067 [29]
Kathmandu District काठमाडौँ जिल्ला Kathmandu 395 1,744,240 [30]
Kavrepalanchok District काभ्रेपलान्चोक जिल्ला Dhulikhel 1,396 381,937 [31]
Lalitpur District ललितपुर जिल्ला Lalitpur 385 468,132 [32]
Nuwakot District नुवाकोट जिल्ला Bidur 1,121 277,471 [33]
Rasuwa District रसुवा जिल्ला Dhunche 1,544 43,300 [34]
Sindhupalchok District सिन्धुपाल्चोक जिल्ला Chautara 2,542 287,798 [35]
Chitwan District चितवन जिल्ला Bharatpur 2,218 579,984 [36]
Makwanpur District मकवानपुर जिल्ला Hetauda 2,426 420,477 [37]
Province No. 3 प्रदेश नं. ३ Hetauda 20,300 km² 5,529,452 [38]

Gandaki Pradesh[edit]

Districts of Gandaki
Districts Nepali Headquarters Area (km2.) Population (2011)[7] Official Website
Baglung District बागलुङ जिल्ला Baglung 1,784 268,613 [39]
Gorkha District गोरखा जिल्ला Gorkha 3,610 271,061 [40]
Kaski District कास्की जिल्ला Pokhara 2,017 492,098 [41]
Lamjung District लमजुङ जिल्ला Besisahar 1,692 167,724 [42]
Manang District मनाङ जिल्ला Chame 2,246 6,538 [43]
Mustang District मुस्ताङ जिल्ला Jomsom 3,573 13,452 [44]
Myagdi District म्याग्दी जिल्ला Beni 2,297 113,641 [45]
Nawalpur District नवलपुर जिल्ला Kawasoti 1,043.1 310,864 [46]
Parbat District पर्वत जिल्ला Kusma 494 146,590 [47]
Syangja District स्याङग्जा जिल्ला Putalibazar 1,164 289,148 [48]
Tanahun District तनहुँ जिल्ला Damauli 1,546 323,288 [49]
Gandaki Pradesh गण्डकी प्रदेश Pokhara '21,733 km² 2,403,757 [50]

Province No. 5[edit]

Districts of Province No. 5
Districts Nepali Headquarters Area (km2.) Population (2011)[7] Official Website
Kapilvastu District कपिलवस्तु जिल्ला Taulihawa 1,738 571,936 [51]
Parasi District परासी जिल्ला Ramgram 634.88 321,058 [52]
Rupandehi District रुपन्देही जिल्ला Siddharthanagar 1,360 880,196 [53]
Arghakhanchi District अर्घाखाँची जिल्ला Sandhikharka 1,193 197,632 [54]
Gulmi District गुल्मी जिल्ला Tamghas 1,149 280,160 [55]
Palpa District पाल्पा जिल्ला Tansen 1,373 261,180 [56]
Dang District दाङ जिल्ला Ghorahi 2,955 552,583 [57]
Pyuthan District प्युठान जिल्ला Pyuthan 1,309 228,102 [58]
Rolpa District रोल्पा जिल्ला Liwang 1,879 224,506 [59]
Eastern Rukum District पूर्वी रूकुम जिल्ला Rukumkot 1,161.13 53,018 [60]
Banke District बाँके जिल्ला Nepalganj 2,337 491,313 [61]
Bardiya District बर्दिया जिल्ला Gulariya 2,025 426,576 [62]
Province No. 5 प्रदेश नं. ५ Butwal 22,288 km² 4,499,272 [63]

Karnali Pradesh[edit]

Districts of Karnali
Districts Nepali Headquarters Area (km2) Population (2011)[7] Official Website
Western Rukum District पश्चिमी रूकुम जिल्ला Musikot 1,213.49 154,272 [64]
Salyan District सल्यान जिल्ला Salyan 1,462 242,444 [65]
Dolpa District डोल्पा जिल्ला Dunai 7,889 36,700 [66]
Humla District हुम्ला जिल्ला Simikot 5,655 50,858 [67]
Jumla District जुम्ला जिल्ला Chandannath 2,531 108,921 [68]
Kalikot District कालिकोट जिल्ला Manma 1,741 136,948 [69]
Mugu District मुगु जिल्ला Gamgadhi 3,535 55,286 [70]
Surkhet District सुर्खेत जिल्ला Birendranagar 2,451 350,804 [71]
Dailekh District दैलेख जिल्ला Narayan 1,502 261,770 [72]
Jajarkot District जाजरकोट जिल्ला Khalanga 2,230 171,304 [73]
Karnali Pradesh कर्णाली प्रदेश Birendranagar 27,984 km² 1,570,418 [74]

Sudurpashchim Pradesh[edit]

Districts of Sudurpaschim
Districts Nepali Headquarters Area (km2) Population (2011)[7] Official Website
Kailali District कैलाली जिल्ला Dhangadhi 3,235 775,709 [75]
Achham District अछाम जिल्ला Mangalsen 1,680 257,477 [76]
Doti District डोटी जिल्ला Dipayal Silgadhi 2,025 211,746 [77]
Bajhang District बझाङ जिल्ला Jayaprithvi 3,422 195,159 [78]
Bajura District बाजुरा जिल्ला Martadi 2,188 134,912 [79]
Kanchanpur District कंचनपुर जिल्ला Bhimdatta 1,610 451,248 [80]
Dadeldhura District डडेलधुरा जिल्ला Amargadhi 1,538 142,094 [81]
Baitadi District बैतडी जिल्ला Dasharathchand 1,519 250,898 [82]
Darchula District दार्चुला जिल्ला Darchula 2,322 133,274 [83]
Sudurpashchim Pradesh सुदूर-पश्चिम प्रदेश Godawari 19,539 km² 2,552,517 [84]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "संक्षिप्त परिचय" [Short Intro]. ddcdhankuta.gov.np (in Nepali). Govt of Nepal. Retrieved 6 February 2018. ..."श्री ५ राजेन्द्रविक्रम शाह र प्रधानमन्त्री भीमसेन थापाको शासनकालमा प्रशासनिक दृष्टिकोणले वि.सं.१८७३ साल पश्चात देश १० जिल्लामा विभाजन भयो।"
  2. ^ "Government of Nepal Act 1948" (PDF).
  3. ^ "प्रशासकीय पुनर्गठन समिति (बुच कमिशन) को प्रतिवेदन, २००९" (PDF).
  4. ^ "नेपालको जिल्ला प्रशासन पुनर्गठनको रिपोर्ट, २०१३" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Memorial Step of King Mahendra in 1st Poush 2017 BS". reviewnepal.com. 13 December 2017. Retrieved 6 February 2018. ..." "
  6. ^ "There will be 77 districts in the country: Minister Thapa". myrepublica.com. 6 August 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e f 2011 Census District Level Detail Report, Central Bureau of Statistics.

External links[edit]