List of dog crossbreeds

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A group of Labradoodle assistance dogs

This is a list of common dog crossbreeds. These are crossbreed dogs created deliberately by crossing two purebred dogs. Some are known as designer dogs and are bred as companion dogs, often given portmanteau names derived from those of the parent breeds; others are bred to combine specific working qualities inherent in the parent breeds.

Crossbreeds[edit]

Name Picture Parent breeds and notes
American Staghound Cross of different sighthound breeds; bred in the United States as hunting dogs.[1]
Beaglier Cross of a Beagle and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel; first deliberately bred in the 1990s by designer dog breeders in Australia as a companion dog with the aim of reducing the scent-hunting drive common in Beagles.[2]
Bernedoodle The bernedoodle, first introduced in 2003, is a cross between a Bernese Mountain Dog and a Poodle.[3]
Cavachon Cross of a Bichon Frise and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel; first bred in North America in 1996.[4]
Cavoodle or Cavapoo Cross of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a Poodle; first deliberately bred by designer dog breeders in Australia as a companion dog with similar traits to the cockapoo, but in smaller size.[5]
Chiweenie Cross of a Chihuahua and a Dachshund.[6]
Chug Cross of a Chihuahua and a Pug.[7]
Cockapoo Cross of a Cocker Spaniel and a Miniature Poodle;[8] bred as companion dogs. Cocker Spaniels and Poodles have been deliberately crossed by designer dog breeders in the United States from the 1960s onward.[9]
Dorgi Cross of a Dachshund and a Pembroke Welsh Corgi;[10] they were first bred when one of Queen Elizabeth's Corgis mated with Pipkin, a Dachshund that belonged to Princess Margaret; the Queen found them so appealing that a number of subsequent matings were arranged.[11]
Eurohound A sled dog bred by crossing the Alaskan husky and any of a number of pointing breeds ("pointers"), but most often the German Shorthair Pointer.[12]
Feist Cross of a Greyhound or Whippet with some sort of Terrier. Bred in the United States as a squirrel dog or ratter.[13]
Gerberian Shepsky Cross of a German Shepherd and a Siberian Husky;[14] it has the German Shepherd's upright ears and coat colour and the Siberian Husky's thick coat, marginally wider face and mask.[14]
Goldador Cross of a Golden Retriever and a Labrador Retriever; examples have been used as guide dogs, search and rescue dogs, and drug detection dogs, as well as companion dogs.[15]
Greyster Cross of the Greyhound and the German Shorthair Pointer, bred for sled dog racing, especially dryland sports like canicross and bikejoring.[16]
Goldendoodle Cross of a Golden Retriever and a Poodle.[17] Bred as a companion dog, designer dog breeders in Australia and the United States first started deliberately crossing Golden Retrievers with Standard Poodles in the 1990s as an alternative to the labradoodle.[18][19]
Jackabee Cross of a Jack Russell Terrier and a Beagle.[20]
Jug Cross of a Jack Russell Terrier and a Pug.[7]
Kangaroo dog Cross of different sighthound breeds; bred in Australia for hunting ability.[21]
Labradoodle Cross of a Labrador Retriever and a Poodle;[22] first bred in Australia in the 1980s with the hope of creating a guide dog suitable for blind people that are allergic to dog hair; now a popular companion dog.[23]
Longdog Cross of different sighthound breeds; bred in the British Isles as hunting dogs.[24]
Lurcher Traditionally a cross of a Collie and a Greyhound, but can be any herding dog (including a Rhodesian Ridgeback) or terrier crossed with a sighthound; bred in the British Isles as hunting dogs.[25]
Mackenzie River husky Cross of indigenous North American sled dogs and European freighting dogs prized for their ability to haul heavy loads long distances.[26]
Mal-shi Cross of a Maltese and a Shih Tzu; first deliberately bred by Australian designer dog breeders in the 1990s as companion dogs.[27]
Maltipoo
Cross of a Maltese and a Poodle[28]
Pekepoo Cross of a Pekingese and a Poodle.[29]
Pomchi Cross of a Pomeranian and a Chihuahua, the Pomchi is bred as a small lap dog; height usually ranges from 6 to 9 inches (15.2 to 22.9 cm) and weight 2 to 5 pounds (0.9 to 2.3 kg), it can be any solid colour or parti-colour.[30]
Poochon Cross of a Poodle and a Bichon Frisé.[14]
Puggle Cross of a Pug and a beagle.[31] Puggles were first bred as companion dogs in the 1990s in the United States, where they remain very popular; they are typically 13–15 in (33–38 cm) in height and 18–30 lb (8.2–13.6 kg) in weight.[32]
Schnoodle Cross of a Schnauzer and a Poodle;[33] bred as companion dogs from the 1980s onward, they can be bred from Miniature, Standard or Giant Schnauzers crossed with Toy, Miniature or Standard Poodles, respectively; the offspring vary in size according to the various parent size varieties bred.[34]
Sheepadoodle Cross of an Old English Sheepdog and a Poodle.[35]
Shih-poo Cross of a Shih Tzu and a Poodle;[36] bred as a companion dog with the possibility of it inheriting a hypoallergenic coat; height ranges from 9 to 14 inches (23 to 36 cm) and weight ranges from 9 to 16 pounds (4.1 to 7.3 kg).[37]
Springador Cross of an English Springer Spaniel and a Labrador Retriever, they are often used as gundogs; height ranges from 18 to 22 inches (46 to 56 cm) and weight ranges from 45 to 90 pounds (20 to 41 kg).[38]
Texas Heeler Cross of an Australian Cattle Dog (a.k.a. Blue Heeler) and either an Australian Shepherd or a Border Collie; bred in the United States for the crosses ability to work cattle.[39]
Westiepoo Cross of a West Highland White Terrier and a Poodle.[40]
Yorkiepoo Cross of a Yorkshire Terrier and a Poodle.[41] bred as a companion dog. The Yorkiepoo, despite variations, is one of the smallest poodle crossbreeds produced by designer dog breeders.[42]
Zuchon Cross of a Shih Tzu and a Bichon Frisé. Bred as a companion dog.[43]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Morris (2001), p. 52.
  2. ^ Woolf (2007), p. 104.
  3. ^ Phillips, Michael (2020-10-27). "Need a Pandemic Puppy ASAP? Call the Bernedoodle Delivery People". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2024-01-13.
  4. ^ "Cavachon Dog Breed Information". Find a Pet. Ralston Purina. Retrieved August 18, 2023.
  5. ^ Hale (2008), p. 204.
  6. ^ "Dogs 101: Chiweenie". Animal Planet. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
  7. ^ a b Mooallem (2007).
  8. ^ Oxford University Press (2019), "Cockapoo".
  9. ^ Fogle (2009), p. 393.
  10. ^ Oxford University Press (2019), "Dorgi".
  11. ^ Morris (2001), p. 499.
  12. ^ Friedman, Sam (2017-02-04). "Alaskan huskies bred for all-around sledding performance | The Spokesman-Review". The Spokesman-Review. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  13. ^ Davis, Donald; Stotkit, Jeffrey (1992). "Feist or Fiction? The Squirrel Dog of the Southern Mountains". The Journal of Popular Culture. 26 (3): 193–201. doi:10.1111/j.0022-3840.1992.2603_193.x. Gray, Marcus B. (November–December 2007). "Introduction to the Treeing Feist: a squirrel dog breed history". Countryside & Small Stock Journal: 48.
  14. ^ a b c Conklin (2019).
  15. ^ Woolf (2007), p. 30.
  16. ^ Rune Waaler (April 2019). Dog Sledding in Norway: Multidisciplinary Research Perspectives. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 33. ISBN 978-3-643-91097-4.
  17. ^ Oxford University Press (2019), "Goldendoodle".
  18. ^ Woolf (2007), p. 52.
  19. ^ DK Publishing (2013), p. 294.
  20. ^ Andersen (2006).
  21. ^ Hancock (2012), pp. 104–105.
  22. ^ Oxford University Press (2019), "Labradoodle".
  23. ^ Fogle (2009), p. 392.
  24. ^ Oxford University Press (2019), "Longdog".
  25. ^ Hancock (2012), p. 90.
  26. ^ Adney, Tappan (1900). The Klondike Stampede. Harper & Bros. pp. 124–132.
  27. ^ Woolf (2007), p. 92.
  28. ^ "Maltipoo". Merriam-Webster. 2020.
  29. ^ Morris 2001, p. 565.
  30. ^ Gagne (2007), pp. 16–17.
  31. ^ Oxford University Press (2019), "Puggle".
  32. ^ Woolf (2007), pp. 98–100.
  33. ^ "Schnoodle". Merriam-Webster. 2020.
  34. ^ Woolf (2007), pp. 46–47.
  35. ^ Weird But True (2018), p. 45.
  36. ^ Hochberg (2007), p. 141.
  37. ^ Pickeral (2014), p. 292.
  38. ^ DK Publishing (2013), p. 295.
  39. ^ Vorwald Dohner (2016), p. 219.
  40. ^ Choron & Choron (2005), p. 211.
  41. ^ "Yorkie-poo". Merriam-Webster. 2020.
  42. ^ Woolf (2007), p. 80.
  43. ^ Hall (2016), p. 444.

General and cited references[edit]