Domestic violence hotlines provide emergency support and referral services over the phone those in volatile relationships. Hotlines are generally dedicated to women escaping abusive relationships and provide referral to women's shelters.
Domestic violence hotlines are generally available at all times during the day, however, problems with busy lines or disconnections due to lack of funding sometimes limit their usefulness. Additionally, battered gay men report that hotline workers will sometimes not provide them with services or will refer them to the batterers' line. Nonetheless, scholars assume that hotlines reduce frequency of domestic violence.
^Birnbaum, Adrienne, Yvette Calderon, Paul Gennis, Rama Rao, and E. John Gallagher. "Domestic violence: diurnal mismatch between need and availability of services." Academic Emergency Medicine 3, no. 3 (1996): 246-251.
^Letellier, Patrick. "Twin epidemics: Domestic violence and HIV infection among gay and bisexual men." Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services 4, no. 1 (1996): 69-81.
^Dugan, Laura, Daniel S. Nagin, and Richard Rosenfeld. "Explaining the Decline in Intimate Partner Homicide The Effects of Changing Domesticity, Women's Status, and Domestic Violence Resources." Homicide Studies 3, no. 3 (1999): 187-214.