List of dystopian literature
This is a list of notable works of dystopian literature. A dystopia is an unpleasant (typically repressive) society, often propagandized as being utopian. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction states that dystopian works depict a negative view of "the way the world is supposedly going in order to provide urgent propaganda for a change in direction." It is a common literary theme.
- 1 16th century
- 2 18th century
- 3 19th century
- 4 20th century
- 5 21st century
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- Mundus Alter et Idem (1595) by Joseph Hall - a roundly negative critique of English society presented as a satirical utopia.
- A Sojourn in the City of Amalgamation, in the Year of Our Lord, 19-- (1835) by Oliver Bolokitten
- The World As It Shall Be (1846) by Émile Souvestre
- Paris in the Twentieth Century (1863) by Jules Verne.
- Vril, the Power of the Coming Race (1871) by Edward Bulwer-Lytton, originally printed as The Coming Race
- Erewhon (1872) by Samuel Butler.
- The Begum's Fortune (1879) by Jules Verne.
- The Fixed Period (1882) by Anthony Trollope.
- The Republic of the Future (1887) by Anna Bowman Dodd
- The Inner House (1888) by Walter Besant.
- Caesar's Column (1890) by Ignatius L. Donnelly
- Pictures of the Socialistic Future (1890) by Eugen Richter[non-primary source needed]
- The Time Machine (1895) by H. G. Wells
- "The Repairer of Reputations" (1895) by Robert W. Chambers
- When The Sleeper Wakes (1899) by H. G. Wells
- The First Men in the Moon (1901) by H. G. Wells
- The Purple Cloud (1901) by M. P. Shiel
- The Iron Heel (1908) by Jack London
- Lord of the World (1908) by Robert Hugh Benson
- The Machine Stops (1909) by E. M. Forster
- Stradija (1902) by Radoje Domanović
- Trylogia Księżycowa (1901-1911) by Jerzy Żuławski
- Unknown Tomorrow (1910) by William Le Queux
- Philip Dru: Administrator (1912) by (Edward Mandell House)
- The Air Trust (1915) by George Allan England
- What Not! (1918) by Rose Macaulay
- City of Endless Night (as "Children of Kultur") (1919) by Milo Hastings
- The Heads of Cerberus (1919) by "Francis Stevens" (Gertrude Barrows Bennett)
- Crucible Island (1919) by Condé B. Pallen
- Useless hands (1920) by Claude Farrère
- R.U.R.: Rossums's Universal Robots (1921) by Karel Čapek
- We (1921) by Yevgeny Zamyatin
- Krakatit (1924) by Karel Čapek
- The Trial (1925) by Franz Kafka
- Man's World (1926) by Charlotte Haldane
- Right Off The Map (1927) by C. E. Montague
- The Revolt of the Pedestrians (1928) by David H. Keller
- Chevengur (1929) by Andrei Platonov
- The Foundation Pit (1930) by Andrei Platonov
- The City of the Living Dead (1930) by Laurence Manning and Fletcher Pratt
- Concrete: A Story of Two Hundred Years Hence (1930) by Aelfrida Tillyard
- Brave New World (1932) by Aldous Huxley
- The New Gods Lead (1932) by S. Fowler Wright
- The Approaching Storm (1932) by Aelfrida Tillyard
- The Astonishing Island (1933) by Winifred Holtby
- To Tell The Truth... (1933) by Amabel Williams-Ellis
- It Can't Happen Here (1935) by Sinclair Lewis
- Land Under England (1935) by Joseph O'Neill
- We Have Been Warned (1935) by Naomi Mitchison
- London's Burning: A Novel for the Decline and Fall of the Liberal Age (1936) by Barbara Wootton
- War with the Newts (1936) by Karel Čapek
- In the Second Year (1936) by Storm Jameson
- Swastika Night (1937) by Katharine Burdekin
- The Wild Goose Chase (1937) by Rex Warner
- Anthem (1938) by Ayn Rand
- Invitation to a Beheading (1938) by Vladimir Nabokov
- "Year Nine" (1938) by Cyril Connolly (reprinted in The Condemned Playground, 1945)
- The Arrogant History of White Ben (1939) by Clemence Dane
- Impromptu in Moribundia (1939) by Patrick Hamilton
- Over the Mountain (1939) by Ruthven Todd
- Darkness at Noon (1940) by Arthur Koestler
- "If This Goes On—" (1940) by Robert A. Heinlein
- Kallocain (1940) by Karin Boye
- The Aerodrome (1941) by Rex Warner 
- Then We Shall Hear Singing (1942) by Storm Jameson
- Cities of the Plain (1943) by Alex Comfort
- The Lost Traveller (1943) by Ruthven Todd
- The Riddle of the Tower (1944) by J. D. Beresford and Esmé Wynne-Tyson
- That Hideous Strength (1945) by C.S. Lewis
- Animal Farm (1945) by George Orwell
- Bend Sinister (1947) by Vladimir Nabokov
- Doppelgangers (1947) by Gerald Heard
- Ape and Essence (1948) by Aldous Huxley
- Sometime Never: A Fable for Supermen by Roald Dahl
- Nineteen Eighty-Four (1948) by George Orwell
- The Moment of Truth (1949) by Storm Jameson
- Limbo, (vt. Limbo 90) (1952) by Bernard Wolfe
- Player Piano (also known as Utopia 14) (1952) by Kurt Vonnegut
- Fahrenheit 451 (1953) by Ray Bradbury
- One (also published as Escape to Nowhere) (1953) by David Karp
- Love Among the Ruins (1953) by Evelyn Waugh
- The Space Merchants (1953) by Frederik Pohl and C. M. Kornbluth
- Lord of the Flies (1954) by William Golding
- Tunnel in the Sky (1955) by Robert A. Heinlein
- The Chrysalids (1955) by John Wyndham
- The City and the Stars (1956) by Arthur C. Clarke
- The Golden Archer: A Satirical Novel of 1975 (1956) by Gregory Mason
- Minority Report (1956) by Philip K. Dick
- The Gates of Ivory, The Gates of Horn (1957) by Thomas McGrath
- Atlas Shrugged (1957) by Ayn Rand
- The Rise of the Meritocracy (1958) by Michael Young, Baron Young of Dartington
- Alas, Babylon (1959) by Pat Frank
- Facial Justice (1960) by L. P. Hartley
- "Harrison Bergeron" (1961) by Kurt Vonnegut
- The Joy Makers (1961) by James Gunn
- The Old Men at the Zoo (1961) by Angus Wilson
- A Clockwork Orange (1962) by Anthony Burgess
- The Wanting Seed (1962) by Anthony Burgess
- Planet of the Apes (1963) by Pierre Boulle
- Cloud On Silver (US title Sweeney's Island) (1964) by John Christopher
- Farnham's Freehold (1964) by Robert A. Heinlein
- Nova Express (1964) by William S. Burroughs
- The Penultimate Truth (1964) by Philip K. Dick
- "Repent, Harlequin!" Said the Ticktockman (1965) by Harlan Ellison
- Epp (1965) by Axel Jensen
- Eight Against Utopia (original title:From Carthage Then I Came) (1966) by John Rankine
- I Have No Mouth, and I Must Scream by Harlan Ellison (1967) (post-apocalyptic with elements of dystopia)
- Logan's Run (1967) by William F. Nolan and George Clayton Johnson
- Make Room! Make Room! (1966) by Harry Harrison
- Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968) by Philip K. Dick
- Stand on Zanzibar (1968) by John Brunner
- Camp Concentration (1968) by Thomas M. Disch
- A Very Private Life (1968) by Michael Frayn
- The Jagged Orbit (1969) by John Brunner
- The White Mountains (1967) by John Christopher
- The City of Gold and Lead (1968) by John Christopher
- The Pool of Fire (1968) by John Christopher
- This Perfect Day (1970) by Ira Levin
- The Bodyguard (1970) by Adrian Mitchell
- The Lathe of Heaven (1971) by Ursula K. Le Guin
- The Sheep Look Up (1972) by John Brunner
- 334 (1972) by Thomas M. Disch
- The Camp of the Saints (Le Camp des Saints) (1973) by Jean Raspail
- Bad Moon Rising (1973) anthology edited by Thomas M. Disch
- Flow My Tears, the Policeman Said (1974) by Philip K. Dick
- Walk to the End of the World (1974) by Suzy McKee Charnas
- The Dispossesed (1974) by Ursula K. Le Guin
- The Shockwave Rider (1975) by John Brunner
- High-Rise (1975) by JG Ballard
- Solution Three (1975) by Naomi Mitchison
- The Girl Who Owned a City (1975) by O. T. Nelson
- Woman on the Edge of Time (1976) by Marge Piercy
- The Dark Tower (1977) – unfinished, attributed to C.S. Lewis, published as The Dark Tower and Other Stories
- A Scanner Darkly' (1977) by Philip K. Dick
- The Turner Diaries (1978) by William L. Pierce (under the pseudonym "Andrew Macdonald")
- Alongside Night (1979) by J. Neil Schulman
- The Long Walk (1979) by Stephen King under the pseudonym Richard Bachman
- Riddley Walker (1980) by Russell Hoban
- Lanark: A Life in Four Books (1981) by Alasdair Gray
- The Running Man (1982) by Stephen King under the pseudonym Richard Bachman
- Sprawl trilogy: Neuromancer (1984), Count Zero (1986) and Mona Lisa Overdrive (1988) by William Gibson
- HaDerekh LeEin Harod (1984) by Amos Kenan. 1984 saw the appearance of the first Israeli dystopian novel, and this one appeared shortly after. Like other Israeli dystopian novels, it is concerned with the religious right taking control of the Jewish state.
- The Handmaid's Tale (1985) by Margaret Atwood
- In the Country of Last Things (1985) by Paul Auster
- Moscow 2042 (1986) by Vladimir Voynovich
- Obernewtyn Chronicles (1987–2008) by Isobelle Carmody
- The Domination (1988) by S. M. Stirling
- The Sykaos Papers (1988) by E. P. Thompson
- When the Tripods Came (1988) by John Christopher
- Childe Rolande (1989) by Samantha Lee
- The Children of Men (1992) by P.D. James (Faber and Faber, 1992)
- Snow Crash by Neal Stephenson (Bantam Spectra, 199
- Fatherland by Robert Harris (Hutchinson, 1992)
- Parable of the Sower by Octavia E. Butler (Four Walls Eight Windows, 1993)
- Virtual Light (1993) by William Gibson (Bantam Spectra, 1993)
- The Diamond Age, or A Young Lady's Illustrated Primer by Neal Stephenson (Bantam Spectra, 1994)
- Gun, with Occasional Music by Jonathan Lethem (Harcourt Brace & Co., 1994)
- Infinite Jest by David Foster Wallace (Little, Brown, 1996)
- Underworld by Don DeLillo (Charles Scribner's Sons, 1997)
- Battle Royale by Koushun Takami (Ohta Publishing, 1999)
- The Ice People by Maggie Gee (Richard Cohen Books, 1999)
- The War in 2020 by Ralph Peters (Pocket Books,1991)"Kirkus Book Review".
Young Adult Fiction
- The Giver by Lois Lowry (Houghton Mifflin, 1993)
- Among the Hidden (The Shadow Children #1) by Margaret Peterson Haddix (Simon & Schuster, 1998)
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- Ella Minnow Pea by Mark Dunn (MacAdam/Cage, 2001)
- Feed by M. T. Anderson (Candlewick Press, 2002)
- Jennifer Government by Max Barry (Doubleday, 2003)
- Oryx and Crake by Margaret Atwood (Doubleday, 2003)
- Asphalt by Carl Hancock Rux (Simon & Schuster, 2004)
- Cloud Atlas by David Mitchell (Sceptre, 2004)
- The Plot Against America by Philip Roth (Houghton Mifflin, 2004)
- Divided Kingdom by Rupert Thomson (Alfred A. Knopf, 2005)
- Never Let Me Go by Kazuo Ishiguro (Faber and Faber, 2005)[not specific enough to verify]
- Armageddon's Children by Terry Brooks (Del Rey Books, 2006)
- The Book of Dave by Will Self (Viking Press, 2006)[not specific enough to verify]
- Day of the Oprichnik by Vladimir Sorokin (Zakharov Books, 2006)
- The Road by Cormac McCarthy (Alfred A. Knopf, 2006)
- Blind Faith by Ben Elton (Bantam Press, 2007)
- Last Light by Alex Scarrow (Orion Publishing Group, 2007)
- The Pesthouse by Jim Crace (Pan Macmillan UK, 2007)[not specific enough to verify]
- The Host by Stephenie Meyer (Little, Brown and Company], 2008)[non-primary source needed]
- Nontraditional Love by Rafael Grugman (Liberty Publishing House, 2008)  
- World Made By Hand by James Howard Kunstler (Atlantic Monthly Press, 2008)
- Shades of Grey by Jasper Fforde (Viking Press, 2009)
- The Windup Girl (2009) by Paolo Bacigalupi (Night Shade Books, 2009)
- The Year of the Flood by Margaret Atwood (McClelland & Stewart, 2009)[non-primary source needed]
- Z213: Exit by Dimitris Lyacos (Shoestring Press, 2009)
Young Adult Fiction
- Mortal Engines (The Hungry City Chronicles #1) by Philip Reeve (Scholastic, 2001)
- Noughts and Crosses by Malorie Blackman (Random House, 2001)
- Among the Betrayed (Shadow Children #3) by Margaret Peterson Haddix (Simon & Schuster, 2003)
- The House of the Scorpion by Nancy Farmer (Atheneum Books, 2002)
- Among the Barons (Shadow Children #4) by Margaret Peterson Haddix (Simon & Schuster, 2003)
- The City of Ember by Jeanne DuPrau (Random House, 2003)
- Among the Brave (Shadow Children #5) by Margaret Peterson Haddix (Simon & Schuster, 2004)
- The Bar Code Tattoo by Suzanne Weyn (Scholastic, 2004)
- Knife Edge by Malorie Blackman (Doubleday, 2004)
- The People of Sparks by Jeanne DuPrau (Yearling, 2004)
- Checkmate by Malorie Blackman (Random House, 2005)
- Among the Enemy (Shadow Children #6) by Margaret Peterson Haddix (Simon & Schuster, 2005)
- Pretties by Scott Westerfeld (Simon Pulse, 2005)
- Uglies by Scott Westerfeld (Simon Pulse, 2005)
- Among the Free (Shadow Children #7) by Margaret Peterson Haddix (Simon & Schuster, 2006)
- Bar Code Rebellion by Suzanne Weyn (Scholastic, 2006)
- Genesis by Bernard Beckett (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2006)[unreliable source?]
- Life as we knew it by Susan Beth Pfeffer (Harcourt Children's Books, 2006)
- Specials by Scott Westerfeld (Simon & Schuster, 2006)
- Extras by Scott Westerfeld (Simon & Schuste], 2007)
- Incarceron by Catherine Fisher (Hodder & Stoughton, 2007)
- Unwind by Neal Shusterman (Simon & Schuster, 2007)
- The Adoration of Jenna Fox by Mary E. Pearson (Henry Holt and Company, 2008)
- The Dead and the Gone by Susan Beth Pfeffer (Harcourt Children's Books, 2008)
- The Declaration by Gemma Malley (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2008)
- Double Cross by Malorie Blackman (Random House, 2008)
- From the New World by Yusuke Kishi (Kodansha Novels, 2008)
- Gone by Michael Grant (HarperCollins, 2008)
- The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins (Scholastic, 2008)
- The Resistance by Gemma Malley (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2008)
- Sapphique (2007) by Catherine Fisher (Hodder & Stoughton, 2008)
- Catching Fire by Suzanne Collins (Scholastic, 2009)
- The Forest of Hands and Teeth by Carrie Ryan (Random House, 2009)
- The Maze Runner by James Dashner (Delacorte Press, 2009)
- Beyond the Night (The Envy Chronicles #1) by Joss Ware (HarperCollins, 2010)
- Embrace the Night Eternal (The Envy Chronicles #2) by Joss Ware (Avon, 2010)
- Abandon the Night (The Envy Chronicles #3) by Joss Ware (Avon, 2010)
- The Passage by Justin Cronin (Ballantine Books, 2010)
- Rondo: The Memoirs of Dr Josef Divonne, Late of 2me Lyon by John Maher (Pilgrim Press Publishing, 2010)
- Super Sad True Love Story by Gary Shteyngart (Random House, 2010)
- Dreams Unleashed (The Prophecies Trilogy #1 by Linda Hawley (CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2011)
- Guardian of Time (The Prophecies Trilogy #2 by Linda Hawley (CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2011)
- Night Betrayed (The Envy Chronicles #4) by Joss Ware (Avon, 2011)
- Ready Player One by Ernest Cline (Random House, 2011)
- The Miracle Inspector by Helen Smith (Tyger Books, 2012)
- Night Forbidden (The Envy Chronicles #5) by Joss Ware (Avon, 2012)
- Shimoneta by Hirotaka Akagi (Shogakukan, 2012)
- Wisdom Keepers (The Prophecies Trilogy #3 by Linda Hawley (CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2012)
- Bleeding Edge by Thomas Pynchon (Penguin Press, 2013)
- The Bone Season by Samantha Shannon (Bloomsbury, 2013)
- The Circle by Dave Eggers (Alfred A. Knopf, 2013)
- MaddAddam by Margaret Atwood (Nan A. Talese, 2013)
- Night Resurrected (The Envy Chronicles #6) by Joss Ware (Avon, 2013)
- Wool by Hugh Howey (Simon & Schuster, 2013)
- Dominion by C.J. Sansom (Mulholland Books, 2014)
- J by Howard Jacobson (Hogarth Press, 2014)
- The Race by Nina Allan (NewCon Press, 2014)
- Tempted by the Night (The Envy Chronicles #6.5) by Colleen Gleason (Avon, 2015)
Young Adult Fiction
- Matched by Ally Condie (Dutton Children's Books, 2010)
- Mockingjay by Suzanne Collins (Scholastic Corporation, 2010)
- Monsters of Men by Patrick Ness (Candlewick Press, 2010)
- The Scorch Trials by James Dashner (Delacorte Press, 2010)
- This World We Live In by Susan Beth Pfeffer (Harcourt, 2010)
- Across The Universe by Beth Revis (Razorbill Books, 2011)
- Crossed by Ally Condie (Dutton Children's Books, 2011)
- The Death Cure by James Dashner (Delacorte Press, 2011)
- Delirium by Lauren Oliver (HarperCollins, 2011)
- Divergent by Veronica Roth (Katherine Tegen Books, 2011)
- Legend by Marie Lu (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 2011)
- Shatter Me by Tahereh Mafi (HarperCollins, 2011)
- Wither by Lauren DeStefano (Simon & Schuster Children's Publishing, 2011)
- Article 5 by Kristen Simmons (Tor Teen, 2012)
- Blood Zero Sky by J. Gabriel Gates (HCI Books, 2012)
- Insurgent by Veronica Roth (Katherine Tegen Books, 2012)
- Reached by Ally Condie (Dutton Children's Books, 2012)
- Revealing Eden by Victoria Foyt (Sand Dollar Press, Inc., 2012)
- Under the Never Sky by Veronica Rossi (HarperCollins, 2012)
- Allegiant by Veronica Roth (Katherine Tegen Books, 2013)
- Champion by Marie Lu (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 2013)
- The 5th Wave by Rick Yancey (Penguin Group, 2013)
- Prodigy by Marie Lu (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 2013)
- The Last Human by Ink Pieper (CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2014)
- The Infinite Sea by Rick Yancey (2014)
- The Last Star by Rick Yancey (2016)
- Stableford, Brian (1993). "Dystopias". In Clute, John; Nicholls, Peter. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction (2nd ed.). Orbit, London. pp. 360–362. ISBN 1-85723-124-4.
- Appelbaum, Robert (2013). "Utopia and Utopianism". In Hadfield, Andrew. The Oxford Handbook of English Prose 1500-1640. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Houston, Chlöe (2007). "Utopia, Dystopia or Anti-utopia? Gulliver's Travels and the Utopian Mode of Discourse". Utopian Studies (Penn State University Press) 18 (3, Irish Utopian): 425–442. JSTOR 20719885.
- Kennedy, Randall (2003). Interracial Intimacies. New York: Pantheon Books. p. 134. ISBN 978-0-375-40255-5.
- Brian Stableford, "Ecology and Dystopia", in Gregory Claeys, (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Utopian Literature. Cambridge University Press, 2010 ISBN 0-521-88665-1 (p.259-280).
- Marina Yaguello. Lunatic Lovers of language. Imaginary languages and their inventors. London: Athlone Press, 1991. 0-485-11303-1. p. 31.
- Jean Pfaelzer (1984). The Utopian Novel in America 1886–1896: The Politics of Form. Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Press; pp. 81-6.
- Pfaelzer, pp. 120-40.
- Online Text
- "Top 12 Dystopian Novels".
- Barron, Neil (1998). What Do I Read Next?. Detroit: Gale Group. p. 299. ISBN 0-7876-2150-1.
"The Repairer of Reputations", which offers a dystopic vision of the future...
- Uniwersytet Jagielloński (1986). Prace historycznoliterackie. p. 70. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- Bowman Albinski, Nan (1987). "Thomas and Peter: Society and Politics in Four British Utopian Novels". Utopian Studies (1): 11–22.
- Mark Bould, Sherryl Vint, (2011) The Routledge Concise History of Science Fiction. Routledge, ISBN 0-415-43571-4 (p.23).
- "Another classic dystopian work, Karel Čapek's R.U.R. (1921) was written at the same time as Zamyatin's work". The Cybernetic Imagination in Science Fiction. Patricia S. Warrick, MIT Press, 1980 ISBN 0-262-73061-8, (p.48).
- Susan Squier, "Sexual Biopolitics in Man's World; the writings of Charlotte Haldane". in Angela Ingram and Daphne Patai, (eds.) Rediscovering Forgotten Radicals: British Women Writers, 1889-1939. University of North Carolina Press, 2009 ISBN 0-8078-4414-4 (p. 137-155)
- "Right Off the Map...recreated British industrial feudalism as a dystopia." Lyman Tower Sargent, British and American utopian literature, 1516-1985: an annotated, chronological bibliography. Garland, 1988 ISBN 0-8240-0694-1, (p.181).
- Booker, M. Keith; Thomas, Anne-Marie (2009). The Science Fiction Handbook. John Wiley & Sons. p. 68. ISBN 1-4443-1035-6.
In To Tell The Truth... (1933), Amabel Williams-Ellis follows Huxley in warning of the dystopian potential of capitalism.
- Stableford, Brian (1987). The Sociology of Science Fiction. Wildside Press. p. 132. ISBN 0-89370-265-X.
The notion of a human hive-society was employed as a nightmare in Joseph O'Neill's anti-fascist dystopia, Land Under England.
- Nan Bowman Albinski (1988). Women's Utopias in British and American fiction. Routledge. p. 90. ISBN 0-415-00330-X.
Nan Bowman Albinski describes We Have Been Warned as an "anti-fascist dystopia"
- Oakley, Ann (2011). A critical woman: Barbara Wootton, social science and public policy in the twentieth century. London: Bloomsbury Academic. p. 119. ISBN 978-1-283-14906-8.
London's Burning...her (Wootton's) dystopian narrative...
- Cornis-Pope Marcel & John Neubauer (2004). History of the Literary Cultures of East-Central Europe: Junctures and Disjunctures in the 19th and 20th Centuries, Volume 3. Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing, 2004. p. 183. ISBN 90-272-3455-8.
...the dystopic satire Válka s mloky (The War With The Newts)...
- Hartley, Jenny (2004). "Clothes and Uniform and the Theatre of Fascism: Clemence Dane and Virginia Woolf". In Smith, Angela. Gender and warfare in the twentieth century: textual representations. Manchester University Press. p. 97. ISBN 0-7190-6574-7.
- Lyman Tower Sargent (1988). British and American utopian literature, 1516-1985: an annotated, chronological bibliography. Garland. p. 215. ISBN 0-8240-0694-1.
- Tom Moylan; Raffaella Baccolini (2003). Dark horizons: science fiction and the dystopian imagination. Taylor and Francis Books. ISBN 0-415-96613-2. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
- Booker, M. Keith (2002). The Post-utopian Imagination: American Culture in the Long 1950s. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 50. ISBN 0-313-32165-5.
Invitation also resembles other absurdist dystopias of the 1930s, such as Ruthven Todd's Over the Mountain (1939) and Rex Warner's The Wild Goose Chase.
- McLaren, Angus (2012). Reproduction by Design: Sex, Robots, Trees, and Test-Tube Babies in Interwar Britain. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 158–9. ISBN 978-0-226-56069-4.
the account of a future dystopia that sounds closest to Nineteen Eighty-Four is Cyril Connolly's short story "Year Nine" (1938)...
- Taylor, D.J. (16 April 2005). "Anima attraction". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
The dystopian novel...tends to come in waves...Come the 1930s there was a riot of machine-age satires such as Aldous Huxley's Brave New World (1932) and Patrick Hamilton's Marxian Impromptu in Moribundia (1939).
- Clute, John (1993). "Koestler, Arthur". In Clute, John; Nicholls, Peter. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction (2nd ed.). Orbit, London. p. 675. ISBN 1-85723-124-4.
- Hickman, John (2009). "When Science Fiction Writers Used Fictional Drugs: Rise and Fall of the Twentieth-Century Drug Dystopia". Utopian Studies (Penn State University Press) 20 (1): 141–170. JSTOR 20719933.
- John Clute, "Warner, Rex", in The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, edited by Clute and Peter Nicholls. London, Orbit,1994. ISBN 1-85723-124-4 (p.1299-1300).
- "Warner's acknowledgment of Kafka was noted. The Aerodrome (1941) would be his final and best dystopia..."Michael Moorcock,"Introduction to The Aerodrome by Rex Warner", in Moorcock and Allan Kausch, London Peculiar and Other Nonfiction. Oakland, CA : PM Press,2012. ISBN 1604864907 (p.243)
- Listed as an "anti-capitalist dystopia" in Lyman Tower Sargent, British and American utopian literature, 1516-1985: an annotated, chronological bibliography. Garland, 1988 ISBN 0-8240-0694-1, (p.224).
- Brian Stableford, The Riddle of the Tower in Frank N. Magill, ed. Survey of Science Fiction Literature, Vol. 4. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Salem Press, 1979. pp. 1780-1783. ISBN 0-89356-194-0
- Clute, John (1993). "Nabokov, Vladimir". In Clute, John; Nicholls, Peter. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction (2nd ed.). Orbit, London. p. 854. ISBN 1-85723-124-4.
- Clute, John (1993). "Orwell, George". In Clute, John; Nicholls, Peter. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction (2nd ed.). Orbit, London. p. 896. ISBN 1-85723-124-4.
- Stableford, Brian (1993). "Vonnegut, Kurt Jr.". In Clute, John; Nicholls, Peter. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction (2nd ed.). Orbit, London. p. 1289. ISBN 1-85723-124-4.
- "Dystopia – Twentieth-century Dystopias". Science.jrank.org. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
- "The Space Merchants describes an archetypal dystopia, an America choked by the waste products of consumerism..." George Mann, The Mammoth Encyclopedia of Science Fiction Constable & Robinson Ltd, 2012 ISBN 1-78033-704-3 (p.1983).
- Lyman Tower Sargent, British and American utopian literature, 1516-1985: an annotated, chronological bibliography. Garland, 1988 ISBN 0-8240-0694-1, (p. 262).
- "McGrath's 1957 dystopian novel, The Gates of Ivory, The Gates of Horn,[is] perhaps the most fully imagined response to McCarthyism ever written.." Stuart Klawans, The Nation, June 4, 1988.
- Knud Sørensen (1971) "Language and Society in L. P. Hartley's 'Facial Justice,'" Orbis Litterarum 26 (1), 68–84.
- Lopez, Edward J. (associate professor, San Jose State University) "Thoughts on "Harrison Bergeron"", April 16, 2007 Archived September 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- The best dystopias Michael Moorcock, The Guardian, 22 January 2009. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
- Clute, John; Nicholls, Peter (1993). "Christopher, John.". In John Clute & Peter Nicholls (eds.). The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction (2nd ed.). Orbit, London. pp. 218–219. ISBN 1-85723-124-4.
- " Michael Frayn's comedy has more usually taken an anti-utopian turn. He has written one explicitly dystopian novel, A Very Private Life..."Whitehall Farces" Patrick Parrinder, London Review of Books, 8 October 1992.
- Clute, John (1993). "Levin, Ira". In Clute, John; Nicholls, Peter. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction (2nd ed.). Orbit, London. p. 715. ISBN 1-85723-124-4.
- "Ursula Le Guin Q&A | By genre | Guardian Unlimited Books". London: Books.guardian.co.uk. 2004-02-09. Retrieved 2010-05-29.
- Survey of Science Fiction Literature
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To say J is unlike any other novel Jacobson has written would be misleading: the same ferocious wit runs throughout, while the minutiae of male-female relations are as sharply portrayed as ever. Nevertheless, the comparisons...will inevitably be made with earlier dystopian visions...
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Nina Allen's latest work is a book that eludes easy catergorisation...opening section "Jenna" is set in a borderline dystopian future Britain
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Fans aren't likely to be disappointed
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