List of earthquakes in 1906

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Earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906 is located in Earth
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
List of earthquakes in 1906
Approximate epicenters of the earthquakes in 1906
Strongest magnitude Ecuador, Esmeraldas Province, (Magnitude 8.8) January 31
Deadliest Chile, Valparaiso Region, (Magnitude 8.2) August 17 4,000 deaths
Total fatalities7,507
Number by magnitude
9.0+0
8.0−8.94
7.0−7.919
6.0−6.915
5.0−5.93
← 1905
1907 →

This is a list of earthquakes in 1906. Only magnitude 6.0 or greater earthquakes appear on the list. Exceptions to this are earthquakes which have caused death, injury or damage. Events which occurred in remote areas will be excluded from the list as they wouldn't have generated significant media interest. All dates are listed according to GMT time. This year saw a number of historic earthquakes of which their significance was felt for many years after.

Overall[edit]

By death toll[edit]

Rank Death toll Magnitude Location MMI Depth (km) Date
1 4,000 8.2  Chile, Valparaiso XI (Extreme) 35.0 August 17
2 3,000 7.9  United States, California XI (Extreme) 10.0 April 18
3 1,258 6.8 Japan Taiwan, Chiayi ( ) 5.0 March 16
4 1,000 8.8  Ecuador, Esmeraldas IX (Violent) 20.0 January 31
5 280} 7.8 Qing dynasty China, Xinjiang IX (Violent) 0.0 December 22
= 6 101 5.5 Qing dynasty China, Yunnan VII (Very strong) 0.0 January 7
= 6 101 6.5 Qing dynasty China, Fujian VIII (Severe) 0.0 March 28
7 51 8.0  German New Guinea, Morobe ( ) 35.0 September 14
8 15 7.1 Japan Taiwan, Chiayi ( ) 5.0 April 13
  • Note: At least 10 casualties

By magnitude[edit]

Rank Magnitude Death toll Location MMI Depth (km) Date
1 8.8 1,000  Ecuador, Esmeraldas Province IX (Violent) 20.0 January 31
2 8.3 0  United States, Rat Islands, Alaska ( ) 110.0 August 17
3 8.2 4,000  Chile, Valparaiso Region XI (Extreme) 35.0 August 17
4 8.0 51  German New Guinea, Morobe Province ( ) 35.0 September 14
5 7.8 280 Qing dynasty China, northern Xinjiang Province IX (Violent) 15.0 December 22
6 7.7 700  United States, San Pablo Bay, California XI (Extreme) 10.0 April 18
7 7.4 0  Japan, off south coast of Honshu ( ) 300.0 January 21
= 8 7.2 0  Mexico, Revilla Gigedo Islands ( ) 0.0 April 10
= 8 7.2 0  German New Guinea, Bismarck Sea ( ) 0.0 October 2
= 8 7.2 0 northwest of  Australia ( ) 0.0 November 19
= 8 7.2 0  France, north of Martinique ( ) 100.0 December 3
= 8 7.2 0  Tonga ( ) 0.0 December 19
= 8 7.2 0  United States, Kodiak Island, Alaska ( ) 0.0 December 23
= 9 7.1 0 Solomon Islands ( ) 0.0 February 19
= 9 7.1 15 Japan Taiwan, Chiayi County ( ) 5.0 April 13
= 9 7.1 0  German New Guinea, Ninigo Islands ( ) 0.0 June 1
= 9 7.1 0 Bay of Bengal ( ) 60.0 June 24
= 9 7.1 0  Chile, Tarapaca Region ( ) 0.0 August 30
= 9 7.1 0 United States Philippines, Babuyan Islands ( ) 60.0 October 17
= 10 7.0 0  German New Guinea, Bismarck Sea ( ) 0.0 August 26
= 10 7.0 0  Japan, southeast of Honshu ( ) 35.0 September 7
= 10 7.0 0  Afghanistan, Balkh Province ( ) 35.0 October 24
= 10 7.0 0  Chile, off coast of Tarapaca Region ( ) 35.0 December 26
  • Note: At least 7.0 magnitude

Notable events[edit]

January[edit]

January
Strongest magnitude8.8 Mw  Ecuador
Deadliest8.8 Mw  Ecuador
1,000 deaths
Total fatalities1,101
Number by magnitude
8.0−8.91
7.0−7.91
6.0−6.90
5.0−5.91
Date Country and location Mw Depth (km) MMI Notes Casualties
Dead Injured

7[1] Qing dynasty China, Yunnan Province 5.5 0.0 VII At least 101 deaths were reported. Some damage was caused. Depth unknown. 101
21[2]  Japan, off the south coast of Honshu 7.4 300.0
31[3][4][5]  Ecuador, Esmeraldas Province 8.8 20.0 IX The 1906 Ecuador-Colombia earthquake was one of the largest of all time. 1,000 deaths were caused. Major damage was reported and a tsunami, which caused some destruction, was generated. 1,000

February[edit]

February
Strongest magnitude7.1 Mw Solomon Islands
Total fatalities0
Number by magnitude
8.0−8.90
7.0−7.91
6.0−6.90
Date Country and location Mw Depth (km) MMI Notes Casualties
Dead Injured

16[6] United Kingdom Saint Lucia 0.0 0.0 VIII Some damage was caused. Magnitude and depth unknown.
19[7] Solomon Islands 7.1 0.0

March[edit]

March
Strongest magnitude6.8 Mw 2 events
Deadliest6.8 Mw Japan Taiwan
1,258 deaths
Total fatalities1,359
Number by magnitude
8.0−8.90
7.0−7.90
6.0−6.94
Date Country and location Mw Depth (km) MMI Notes Casualties
Dead Injured

2[8] Qing dynasty China, southern Xinjiang Province 6.7 20.0
3[9]  Ecuador, north of the Galapagos Islands 6.8 0.0
16[10][11] Japan Taiwan, Chiayi County 6.8 5.0 The 1906 Meishan earthquake resulted in 1,258 deaths and 145 injuries. 6,769 homes were destroyed. 1,258 145
28[12] Qing dynasty China, Fujian Province 6.5 0.0 VIII At least 101 people were killed and another 101 were injured. 101 101

April[edit]

April
Strongest magnitude7.7 Mw  United States
Deadliest7.7 Mw  United States
3,000 deaths
Total fatalities3,015
Number by magnitude
8.0−8.90
7.0−7.93
6.0−6.91
Date Country and location Mw Depth (km) MMI Notes Casualties
Dead Injured

10[13]  Mexico, Revilla Gigedo Islands 7.2 0.0
13[14][15] Japan Taiwan, Chiayi County 7.1 5.0 15 people were killed and another 84 were injured. 1,794 homes were destroyed. 15 84
13[16] Japan Taiwan, Chiayi County 6.9 5.0 Aftershock.
18[17][18]  United States, San Pablo Bay, California 7.7 10.0 XI The 1906 San Francisco earthquake was the worst in California's history. The death toll ranged from 700 to 3,000. The subsequent fire resulted in much of the destruction and death toll. 28,188 homes were destroyed. $400 million in damage costs were reported. 700 to 3,000

May[edit]

May
Strongest magnitude5.3 Mw Qing dynasty China
Deadliest5.3 Mw Qing dynasty China
1 death
Total fatalities1
Number by magnitude
8.0−8.90
7.0−7.90
6.0−6.90
5.0−5.91
Date Country and location Mw Depth (km) MMI Notes Casualties
Dead Injured

1[19] Qing dynasty China, Yunnan Province 5.3 0.0 VII 1 person was killed and many homes were destroyed. Depth unknown. 1

June[edit]

June
Strongest magnitude7.1 Mw 2 events
Total fatalities0
Number by magnitude
8.0−8.90
7.0−7.92
6.0−6.91
Date Country and location Mw Depth (km) MMI Notes Casualties
Dead Injured

1[20]  German New Guinea, Ninigo Islands 7.1 0.0
19[21] United States Philippines, Batanes Islands 6.9 60.0
24[22] Bay of Bengal 7.1 60.0

August[edit]

August
Strongest magnitude8.3 Mw  United States
Deadliest8.2 Mw  Chile
4,000 deaths
Total fatalities4,000
Number by magnitude
8.0−8.92
7.0−7.92
6.0−6.93
Date Country and location Mw Depth (km) MMI Notes Casualties
Dead Injured

17[23]  United States, Rat Islands, Alaska 8.3 110.0
17[24][25]  Chile, Valparaiso Region 8.2 35.0 XI The 1906 Valparaiso earthquake caused 4,000 deaths. Major damage was caused with costs being at least $100 million (1906 rate). 4,000
19[26]  Chile, off the coast of Valparaiso Region 6.9 0.0 Aftershock. Depth unknown.
25[27] Ethiopian Empire Ethiopia, Oromia Region 6.5 15.0
26[28]  German New Guinea, Bismarck Sea 7.0 0.0
30[29]  Chile, Tarapaca Region 7.1 0.0 Depth unknown.
31[30] India Myanmar, Sagaing Region 6.7 100.0

September[edit]

September
Strongest magnitude8.0 Mw  German New Guinea
Deadliest8.0 Mw  German New Guinea
51 deaths
Total fatalities51
Number by magnitude
8.0−8.91
7.0−7.91
6.0−6.92
Date Country and location Mw Depth (km) MMI Notes Casualties
Dead Injured

7[31]  Japan, southeast of Honshu 7.0 35.0
14[32][33][34]  German New Guinea, Morobe Province 8.0 35.0 At least 51 deaths were caused along with major damage. A tsunami was reported. 51
17[35]  German New Guinea, Bismarck Sea 6.8 0.0 Depth unknown.
28[36][37]  Peru, Loreto Region 6.8 100.0 VII Some damage was caused.

October[edit]

October
Strongest magnitude7.2 Mw  German New Guinea
Total fatalities0
Number by magnitude
8.0−8.90
7.0−7.93
6.0−6.92
Date Country and location Mw Depth (km) MMI Notes Casualties
Dead Injured

2[38][39]  German New Guinea, Bismarck Sea 7.2 0.0 A tsunami was reported as well as some damage. Depth unknown.
8[40]  Russian Empire, Sea of Okhotsk 6.7 200.0
17[41] United States Philippines, Babuyan Islands 7.1 60.0
24[42]  Afghanistan, Balkh Province 7.0 35.0
24[43]  Afghanistan, Balkh Province 6.8 32.0 Aftershock.

November[edit]

November
Strongest magnitude7.2 Mw Indian Ocean
Total fatalities0
Number by magnitude
8.0−8.90
7.0−7.91
6.0−6.91
5.0−5.91
Date Country and location Mw Depth (km) MMI Notes Casualties
Dead Injured

14[44]  France, southeast of the Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia 6.9 0.0 Depth unknown.
19[45] southern Indian Ocean 7.2 0.0 Depth unknown.
20[46] Gold Coast (British colony) Ghana, Volta Region 5.0 0.0 VIII Many homes were destroyed. Depth unknown.

December[edit]

December
Strongest magnitude7.8 Mw Qing dynasty China
Deadliest7.8 Mw Qing dynasty China
280 deaths
Total fatalities280
Number by magnitude
8.0−8.90
7.0−7.95
6.0−6.91
Date Country and location Mw Depth (km) MMI Notes Casualties
Dead Injured

3[47]  France, north of Martinique 7.2 100.0
18[48]  Tonga 6.8 0.0 Foreshock. Depth unknown.
19[49]  Tonga 7.2 0.0 Depth unknown.
22[50][51] Qing dynasty China, northern Xinjiang Province 7.8 15.0 IX 280 people were killed. Over 2,000 homes were destroyed.
23[52]  United States, Kodiak Island, Alaska 7.2 0.0 Depth unknown.
26[53]  Chile, off the coast of Tarapaca Region 7.0 0.0 Depth unknown.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Significant Earthquake: CHINA: YUNNAN PROVINCE". National Geophysical Data Center. January 7, 1906. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  2. ^ "M7.4 - near the south coast of Honshu, Japan". United States Geological Survey. January 21, 1906. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  3. ^ "M 8.8 - near the coast of Ecuador". United States Geological Survey. January 31, 1906. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  4. ^ "Significant Earthquake: ECUADOR: OFF COAST". National Geophysical Data Center. January 31, 1906. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  5. ^ "Tsunami Event: OFF COAST". National Geophysical Data Center. January 31, 1906. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  6. ^ "Significant Earthquake: SAINT LUCIA: CASTRIES". National Geophysical Data Center. February 16, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  7. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. February 19, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  8. ^ "M 6.7 - southern Xinjiang, China". United States Geological Survey. March 2, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  9. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. March 3, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  10. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. March 16, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  11. ^ "Significant Earthquake: TAIWAN: JIAYI". National Geophysical Data Center. March 16, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  12. ^ "Significant Earthquake: CHINA: FUJIAN PROVINCE". National Geophysical Data Center. March 28, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  13. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. April 10, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  14. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. April 13, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  15. ^ "Significant Earthquake: TAIWAN: JIAYI". National Geophysical Data Center. April 13, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  16. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. April 13, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  17. ^ "M7.7 - San Pablo Bay, California". United States Geological Survey. April 18, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  18. ^ "Significant Earthquake: CALIFORNIA: SAN FRANCISCO". National Geophysical Data Center. April 18, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  19. ^ "Significant Earthquake CHINA: YUNNAN PROVINCE". National Geophysical Data Center. May 1, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  20. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. June 1, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  21. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. June 19, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  22. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. June 24, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  23. ^ "M 8.3 - Rat Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska". United States Geological Survey. August 17, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  24. ^ "M 8.2 - Valparaiso, Chile". United States Geological Survey. August 17, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  25. ^ "Significant Earthquake: CHILE: SOUTH CENTRAL". National Geophysical Data Center. August 17, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  26. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. August 19, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  27. ^ "M 6.5 - Ethiopia". United States Geological Survey. August 25, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  28. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. August 26, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  29. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. August 30, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  30. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. August 31, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  31. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. September 7, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  32. ^ "M 8.0 - eastern New Guinea region, Papua New Guinea". United States Geological Survey. September 14, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  33. ^ "Significant Earthquake: PAPUA NEW GUINEA: NEW BRITAIN". National Geophysical Data Center. September 14, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  34. ^ "Tsunami Event: SOLOMON SEA". National Geophysical Data Center. September 14, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  35. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. September 17, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  36. ^ "M 6.8 - northern Peru". United States Geological Survey. September 28, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  37. ^ "Significant Earthquake: ECUADOR". National Geophysical Data Center. September 28, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  38. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. October 2, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  39. ^ "Significant Earthquake: PAPUA NEW GUINEA: BISMARCK SEA". National Geophysical Data Center. October 2, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  40. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. October 8, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  41. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. October 17, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  42. ^ "M 7.0 - central Afghanistan". United States Geological Survey. October 24, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  43. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. October 24, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  44. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. November 14, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  45. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. November 19, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  46. ^ "Significant Earthquake: GHANA: HO, AKPAFU, PALIME, MISA, ACCRA; TOGO". National Geophysical Data Center. November 20, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  47. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. December 3, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  48. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. December 18, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  49. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. December 19, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  50. ^ "M 7.8 - northern Xinjiang, China". United States Geological Survey. December 22, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  51. ^ "Significant Earthquake: CHINA: XINJIANG PROVINCE". National Geophysical Data Center. December 22, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  52. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. December 23, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  53. ^ "Centennial Earthquake Catalog". United States Geological Survey. December 26, 1906. Retrieved November 18, 2015.