List of earthquakes in Afghanistan

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This is a list of earthquakes in Afghanistan.

Tectonic setting[edit]

Afghanistan is situated near the southern extent of the Eurasian Plate.[1]

Earthquakes[edit]

Date Place Lat Lon Deaths Injuries Mag. MMI Comments
2022-06-24 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan 33.017 69.538 5 11 4.3 Mw VII All deaths in Afghanistan/Aftershock [2]
2022-06-21 Khost 33.092 69.514 1,163 2,025 5.9 Mw IX Extreme damage/landslides [3]
2022-05-24 Hindu Kush 36.118 70.293 2 1 4.9 Mw VI Minor damage [4]
2022-02-05 Hindu Kush 36.445 71.117 3 5.8 Mw IV [5]
2022-01-17 Badghis 34.946 63.580 30 49 5.3 Mw VI [6]
2018-01-31 Hindu Kush 36.54 70.82 2 22 6.1 Mw IV
2016-04-10 Ishkashim 6 28 6.6 Mw V
2015-10-26 Hindu Kush 36.52 70.37 399 2,536 7.5 Mw VII
2013-04-24 Jalalabad-Mehtar Lam 34.53 70.22 18 130 5.6 Mw V [7]
2012-06-11 Baghlan 36.05 69.30 75 - 5.4, 5.7 V Doublet [8]
2010-04-18 Samangan 35.71 67.68 11 - 5.6 VI [9]
2009-10-22 Hindu Kush 36.52 70.95 5 - 6.2 V [10]
2009-04-16 Near Kabul 34.19 70.08 19 51 5.2 Mw VI Doublet
2005-12-12 Hindu Kush 36.28 71.11 5 1 6.5 Mw V
2002-03-25 Hindu Kush 35.93 69.19 1,000 200 6.1 Mw VII
2002-03-03 Hindu Kush 36.5 70.48 166 Some 7.4 Mw VI
1999-02-11 Kabul 34.3 69.36 70 500 6.0 Mw VI [11]
1998-05-30 Takhar 37.17 70.09 4,000–4,500 10,001 6.5 Mw VI
1998-02-20 Takhar 37.17 70.14 2,323 818 5.9 Mw VI
1991-04-20 Badakhshan 36.416 70.912 4.1 Mw III 100 houses damaged [12]
1991-04-08 Badakhshan 37.457 68.273 1 6 5.5 Mw VII Moderate damage [13]
1991-01-31 Hindu Kush 35.99 70.42 848 200 6.9 Mw VII Extreme damage NGDC
1990-07-13 Hindu Kush 36.415 70.789 43 2 6.4 Mw IV Deaths due to avalanche in Tajikistan. [14]
1985-07-29 Hindu Kush 36.190 70.896 5 38 7.4 Mw VIII Severe damage in Pakistan and Tajikistan as well. [15]
1984-02-16 Hindu Kush 36.431 70.826 4 13 6.4 Mw IV Severe damage [16]
1984-02-01 Nangarhar 34.616 70.484 1 35 6.1 VII Minor damage [17]
1983-12-31 Hindu Kush 36.37 70.34 12–26 60–483 7.2 Mb VII Severe damage NGDC
1982-12-16 Baghlan 36.148 69.011 450 Many 6.6 Ms VI Severe damage [18]
1918-11-15 Hindu Kush 36.202 70.711 7.8 Mw V [19]
1842-02-19 Jalalabad 34.4 70.5 500 Severe damage NGDC
818-05-15 Hindu Kush 36.8 66.2 Many 7.5 Ms VIII Severe damage NGDC
Note: The inclusion criteria for adding events are based on WikiProject Earthquakes' notability guideline that was developed for stand alone articles. The principles described also apply to lists. In summary, only damaging, injurious, or deadly events should be recorded.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ambraseyes, N.; Bilham, R. (2003), "Earthquakes in Afghanistan", Seismological Research Letters, 74 (2): 107, doi:10.1785/gssrl.74.2.107
  2. ^ "M 4.3 - 49 km W of Miran Shah, Pakistan". earthquake.usgs.gov. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  3. ^ "M 5.9 - 46 km SW of Khōst, Afghanistan". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2022-06-22.
  4. ^ "M 5.0 - 63 km SE of Farkhār, Afghanistan". earthquake.usgs.gov.
  5. ^ "M 5.7 - 45 km SW of Ashkāsham, Afghanistan". earthquake.usgs.gov.
  6. ^ "M 5.3 - 41 km E of Qala i Naw, Afghanistan". earthquake.usgs.gov. United States Geological Survey.
  7. ^ "55 Significant Earthquakes where Country = AFGHANISTAN". The Significant Earthquake Database. National Geophysical Data Center. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  8. ^ BBC News (12 June 2012). "Afghan quakes: Landslide killed 80, says governor". BBC News. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
  9. ^ USGS. "M5.6 - central Afghanistan". United States Geological Survey.
  10. ^ USGS, M6.2 - Hindu Kush region, Afghanistan, United States Geological Survey
  11. ^ "M 6.0 - 27 km WNW of ?uk?mat? Azrah, Afghanistan". earthquake.usgs.gov.
  12. ^ "M 4.1 - 50 km S of Jurm, Afghanistan". earthquake.usgs.gov.
  13. ^ "M 5.5 - 14 km ESE of Boshchorbogh, Tajikistan". earthquake.usgs.gov.
  14. ^ "M 6.4 - 50 km S of Jurm, Afghanistan". earthquake.usgs.gov. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  15. ^ "M 7.4 - 75 km S of Jurm, Afghanistan". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  16. ^ "M 6.4 - 48 km S of Jurm, Afghanistan". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  17. ^ "M 6.1 - 21 km N of Jal?l?b?d, Afghanistan". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  18. ^ "M 6.6 - 14 km NW of Nahr?n, Afghanistan". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  19. ^ "M 7.8 - Hindu Kush region, Afghanistan". United States Geological Survey. November 15, 1921. Retrieved 2 November 2021.

Sources

Further reading[edit]

  • Stenz, Edward (1945), "Strong Earthquakes in Afghanistan", Bulletin of the Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences in America, 3 (2): 398–411, JSTOR 24724993