This is a List of earthquakes in China, part of the series of lists of disasters in China. China has been the location of some of the most deadly earthquakes in history. The deadliest was the 1556 Shaanxi Earthquake with 830,000 deaths. Earthquakes in the loess plateau where residents lived in yaodong caves tended to have big casualties, including the 1303 Hongdong and 1920 Haiyuan earthquakes. The most recent earthquake with a death toll of more than a thousand was the 2010 Yushu earthquake, which killed 2,698.
The collision of India with the rest of Asia has led to seismic activity throughout Western China, particularly in Tibet and the Yunnan, Xinjiang, Sichuan, Gansu and Qinghai provinces. However, these regions in comparison with Eastern China have a low population density. These areas also in general have poorer transport and building codes. Throughout China, poor building codes increases the damage and loss of life from earthquakes. The northern regions of Eastern China are not as seismically active as the western areas of the country, but earthquakes are still possible in this area.
Earthquake prediction was popular between 1966 and 1976, which overlapped with the Cultural Revolution. This reached its height with the successful prediction of the 1975 Haicheng earthquake. This earthquake had a prominent series of foreshocks and authorities who were eager to issue a warning. However very few earthquakes have both these criteria. The unpredictable and devastating 1976 Tangshan earthquake led to a reduction in the popularity of earthquake prediction in China.
|c. 1920 BC||Jishi Gorge outburst flood||Qinghai / Gansu|
|512-05-21||512 Shaanxi earthquake||Dai County, Shaanxi||7.5 Ms||5,310 (estimate)|
|1290-09-27||1290 Zhili earthquake||Ningcheng County, Inner Mongolia||6.8 Ms||100,000|
|1303-09-25||1303 Hongdong earthquake||Shaanxi||8.0 ML||270,000 ||Taiyuan and Pingyang were leveled.|
|1337-09-08||1337 Huailai earthquake||Hebei, Beijing||6.5 Ms||.|
|1556-01-23||1556 Shaanxi earthquake||Shaanxi||8.0 MW||100,000+||Another 700,000 deaths from plagues and famine.|
|1604-12-29||1604 Quanzhou earthquake||Fujian||8.1 MW||Unknown||Largest earthquake in southern China|
|1605-07-13||1605 Guangdong earthquake||Guangdong||7.5 Ms||several thousand|
|1622-10-25||1622 North Guyuan earthquake||Ningxia||7.2 MW||12,000|
|1626-06-28||1626 Lingqiu earthquake||Shaanxi||7.0 Ms||>5,200|
|1668-07-25||1668 Tancheng earthquake||Tancheng County, Shandong||8.5 MW||50,000||Largest seismic event ever recorded in history in eastern China.|
|1679-09-02||1679 Sanhe-Pinggu earthquake||Hebei, Beijing||8.0 Mw||45,500|
|1695-05-18||1695 Linfen earthquake||Linfen||7.8 MS||52,600|
|1709-10-14||1709 Zhongwei earthquake||Ningxia||7.5 Ms||2,032|
|1718-06-19||1718 Tongwei–Gansu earthquake||Gansu||7.5 MS||75,000|
|1739-01-04||1739 Yinchuan–Pingluo earthquake||Ningxia||8.0 Ms||50,000|
|1786-06-01||1786 Kangding-Luding earthquake||Sichuan||7.75 ML||100,000+||The earthquake triggered a landslide that formed an artificial mud dam which blocked the Dadu River. Ten days later, this dam was breached resulting in a catastrophic mudslide flooding event.|
|1815-10-23||1815 Pinglu earthquake||Shanxi||6.8 Ms||13,000|
|1830-11-10||1830 Cixian earthquake||Hebei||7.4 Mw||7,477|
|1833-09-06||1833 Kunming earthquake||Yunnan||8.0 Mw||6,000|
|1850-09-12||1850 Xichang earthquake||Sichuan||7.6-7.9 Mw||20,650|
|1870-04-11||1870 Batang earthquake||Sichuan||7.3 Mw||5,000|
|1879-07-01||1879 Gansu earthquake||Gansu||8.0 Ms||22,000|
|1902-08-22||1902 Turkestan earthquake||Xinjiang||7.7 Mw||2,500-20,000|
|1906-12-22||1906 Manasi earthquake||Xinjiang||7.8 Mw||280|
|1918-02-13||1918 Shantou earthquake||Shantou, Guangdong||7.2 Mw||1,000+|
|1920-12-16||1920 Haiyuan earthquake||Haiyuan County, Ningxia||7.8 ML||265,000 |
|1923-03-24||1923 Renda earthquake||Luhuo County, Sichuan||7.0 Ms||4,800|
|1925-03-16||1925 Dali earthquake||Dali, Yunnan||7.0 Ms||5,000|
|1927-05-22||1927 Gulang earthquake||Gulang County, Gansu||7.6 Mw||40,900|
|1931-08-10||1931 Fuyun earthquake||Fuyun County, Xinjiang||8.0 Mw||10,000|
|1932-12-25||1932 Changma earthquake||Gansu||7.6 Ms||275|
|1933-08-25||1933 Diexi earthquake||Mao County, Sichuan||7.5 MS||9,000|
|1937-07-31||1937 Heze earthquakes||Mudan District, Shandong||6.9 MS||3,252+|
|1950-08-15||1950 Assam–Tibet earthquake||Zayü County, Tibet||8.6 Mw||4,000||Largest seismic event ever recorded in China and largest known seismic event on land. 3,300 deaths in Chinese-claimed territories|
|1952-08-18||1952 Damxung earthquake||Damxung, Tibet||7.5 Mw||54|
|1955-4-14||1955 Kangding earthquake||Sichuan||7.1|
|1955-09-23||1955 Yuzha earthquake||Yunnan||6.8 MS||728|
|1966-03-08||1966 Xingtai earthquake||Hebei||6.8 Mw||8,064|
|1969-07-26||1969 Yangjiang earthquake||Yangjiang, Guangdong||6.4 Mw||3,000|
|1970-01-04||1970 Tonghai earthquake||Tonghai County, Yunnan||7.1 Mw||15,621|
|1973-02-06||1973 Luhuo earthquake||Luhuo County, Sichuan||7.5 MS||2,175|
|1974-05-10||1974 Zhaotong earthquake||Zhaotong, Yunnan||6.8||20,000|
|1975-02-04||1975 Haicheng earthquake||Haicheng, Liaoning||7.4 Mw||2,041||one of the few earthquakes to be successfully predicted throughout history|
|1976-05-29||1976 Longling earthquake||Yunnan||6.9 MS
|1976-07-27||1976 Tangshan earthquake||Tangshan, Hebei||7.5 MW||300,000+||Deadliest earthquake in Chinese history. Among the top disasters in China by death toll.|
|1976-08-16||1976 Songpan-Pingwu earthquake||Sichuan||7.2 MS||41||Earthquake swarm|
|1981-01-23||1981 Dawu earthquake||Sichuan||6.8 ML||150|
|1988-11-06||1988 Lancang–Gengma earthquakes||Yunnan||7.7 Mw
|939||Occurred near the border with Shan State, Myanmar. Doublet earthquake|
|1990-04-26||1990 Gonghe earthquake||Qinghai||7.0 MS||126|
|1996-02-03||1996 Lijiang earthquake||Yunnan||7.0 MS||309|
|2000-01-14||2000 Yunnan earthquake||Yunnan||5.9 MW||7|
|2001-02-23||2001 Sichuan earthquake||Sichuan||5.6 MW||3|
|2001-11-14||2001 Kunlun earthquake||Qinghai||7.8 MW||0|
|2003-02-24||2003 Bachu earthquake||Maralbexi (Bachu) County, Xinjiang||6.3 MW||261|
|2003-12-01||2003 Zhaosu earthquake||Zhaosu County, Xinjiang||6.0 MW||10|
|2005-11-26||2005 Ruichang earthquake||Ruichang, Jiangxi||5.2 MW||14|
|2006-07-22||2006 Yanjin earthquake||Yunnan||5.2 MW||22||Moderate damage|
|2008-05-12||2008 Sichuan earthquake||Wenchuan County, Sichuan||7.9 MW||87,587||18th deadliest earthquake of all time|
|2008-08-21||2008 Yingjiang earthquakes||Yunnan||6.0 Mw||5|
|2008-08-30||2008 Panzhihua earthquake||Sichuan||5.7 MW||41|
|2008-10-06||2008 Damxung earthquake||Damxung County, Tibet||6.4 MW||10|
|2010-04-14||2010 Yushu earthquake||Yushu, Qinghai||6.9 Mw||2,698||270 Missing|
|2011-03-10||2011 Yunnan earthquake||Yunnan||5.4 MW||26|
|2012-09-07||2012 Yunnan earthquakes||Yiliang County, Yunnan||5.6 Mw||81|
|2013-03-03||2013 Yunnan earthquakes||Dali, Yunnan||5.5 Mw||0||2,500 houses were damaged|
|2013-04-20||2013 Ya'an earthquake||Lushan County, Sichuan||6.9 Mw||193||24 missing|
|2013-07-22||2013 Dingxi earthquake||Min County, Gansu||5.9 Mw||95||Magnitude M(s)6.6 according to CENC.|
|2013-08-31||2013 Yunnan earthquake||Deqen, Yunnan||5.8 Mw||5|
|2014-05-24||2014 Yingjiang earthquake||Yingjiang County, Yunnan||5.6 Mw||0||9,412 homes were destroyed.|
|2014-08-03||2014 Ludian earthquake||Ludian County, Yunnan||6.1 Mw||617||112 missing|
|2017-08-08||2017 Jiuzhaigou earthquake||Jiuzhaigou County, Sichuan||6.5 Mw||25||Landslides|
|2019-06-17||2019 Sichuan earthquake||Changning County, Sichuan||5.8 Mw||13||20,000 houses were damaged|
|2020-01-19||2020 Kashgar earthquake||Jiashi County, Xinjiang||6.0 Mw||1||2 injured, 1,000 houses damaged|
|2020-05-18||2020 Qiaojia earthquake||Qiaojia County, Yunnan||5.1 Mw||4||24 injured, extensive damage|
|2021-05-21||2021 Dali earthquake||Dali, Yunnan||6.1 Mw||3||32 injured, 12,882 houses damaged|
|2021-05-22||2021 Maduo earthquake||Madoi, Qinghai||7.3 Mw||20||19 people injured (official), 20 dead 300 injured (unofficial)|
|2021-08-16||2021 Luxian earthquake||Lu, Sichuan||5.4 Mw||3||146 injured, 60k evacuated|
|2022-01-07||2022 Qinghai earthquake||Menyuan, Qinghai||6.6 Mw||0||Limited damage, 9 injured|
|2022-06-01||2022 Ya'an earthquake||Lushan County, Sichuan||5.9 Mw||4|
|2022-09-05||2022 Luding earthquake||Kangding, Sichuan||6.6 Mw||93||30 missing, 423 injured|
|Note: The inclusion criteria for adding events are based on WikiProject Earthquakes' notability guideline that was developed for stand alone articles. The principles described also apply to lists. In summary, only damaging, injurious, or deadly events should be recorded.|
- List of disasters in China by death toll
- Geology of China
- List of earthquakes in Sichuan
- List of earthquakes in Taiwan
- List of earthquakes in Yunnan
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实则直接死于地震的只有十数万人，其余70余万人均死于瘟疫和饥荒 [Actually, direct deaths from earthquake amount to 100,000-odd, the remaining 700,000-odd died from plagues and famine]
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