List of earthquakes in China

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This is a list of earthquakes in China:

Date Article Epicenter Mag. Deaths Description
512-05-21 512 Shanxi earthquake 38°54′N 112°48′E / 38.9°N 112.8°E / 38.9; 112.8 Yuanping City, Dai County 7.5 Ms 5,310 (estimate)
1290-09-27 1290 Chihli earthquake[1] 41°30′N 119°18′E / 41.5°N 119.3°E / 41.5; 119.3 Ningcheng County, Inner Mongolia 6.8 Ms ~100,000
1303-09-25 1303 Hongdong earthquake[2] Shanxi 8.0 ML 200,000+ Taiyuan and Pingyang were leveled.
1337-09-08 1337 Huailai earthquake[3] 40°24′N 115°42′E / 40.4°N 115.7°E / 40.4; 115.7 Hebei/Beijing 6.5 Ms .
1556-01-23 1556 Shaanxi earthquake 34°30′N 109°18′E / 34.50°N 109.30°E / 34.50; 109.30
Shaanxi
8.0 MW 830,000 Deadliest of all time.
1668-07-25 1668 Tancheng earthquake 34°18′N 118°36′E / 34.30°N 118.60°E / 34.30; 118.60
Tancheng County, Shandong
8.0 MW 50,000+
1679-09-02 1679 Sanhe-Pinggu earthquake 40°00′N 116°59′E / 40.000°N 116.983°E / 40.000; 116.983
Hebei and Beijing
8.0 Mw 45,500
1695-05-18 1695 Linfen earthquake 7.8 MS 52,600 (estimate)
1718-06-19 1718 Tongwei-Gansu earthquake 7.5 MS 75,000 (estimate)
1786-06-01 1786 Kangding-Luding earthquake[4][5] >Sichuan 7.75 ML 100,000+ The earthquake triggered a landslide that formed an artificial mud dam which blocked the Dadu River. Ten days later, this dam was breached resulting in a catastrophic mudslide flooding event.
1833-09-06 1833 Kunming earthquake 25°24′N 103°00′E / 25.400°N 103.000°E / 25.400; 103.000
Yunnan
8.0 Mw 6,000
1879-07-01 1879 Gansu earthquake 33°12′N 104°42′E / 33.2°N 104.7°E / 33.2; 104.7
Gansu
8.0 Ms 22,000
1918-02-13 1918 Shantou earthquake 23°32′N 117°14′E / 23.54°N 117.24°E / 23.54; 117.24
Shantou, Guangdong
7.2 Mw 1,000+
1920-12-16 1920 Haiyuan earthquake 36°30′N 105°42′E / 36.50°N 105.70°E / 36.50; 105.70
Haiyuan County, Ningxia
7.8 ML 234,117 4th deadliest earthquake of all time.
1925-03-16 1925 Dali earthquake 25°42′N 100°24′E / 25.7°N 100.4°E / 25.7; 100.4
Dali, Yunnan
7.0 Ms 5,000
1927-05-22 1927 Gulang earthquake 37°23′N 102°19′E / 37.39°N 102.31°E / 37.39; 102.31 Gulang County, Gansu 7.6 Mw 40,900
1931-08-10 1931 Fuyun earthquake[6] 47°06′N 89°48′E / 47.1°N 89.8°E / 47.1; 89.8 Fuyun County, Xinjiang 8.0 Mw 10,000[7]
1932-12-25 1932 Changma earthquake 39°42′N 96°42′E / 39.7°N 96.7°E / 39.7; 96.7 7.6 Ms 275
1933-08-25 1933 Diexi earthquake 32°00′N 103°42′E / 32.0°N 103.7°E / 32.0; 103.7
Mao County, Sichuan
7.5 MS 9,000
1950-08-15 1950 Assam–Tibet earthquake[8] Rima, Zayü County, Tibet 8.6 Mw 4,800 (3,300 in Chinese-claimed territories)
1952-08-18 1952 Damxung earthquake 30°38′53″N 91°36′4″E / 30.64806°N 91.60111°E / 30.64806; 91.60111
Damxung, Tibet
7.5 Mw 54+
1955-4-14 1955 Kangding earthquake[9] 7.1
1955-09-23 1955 Yuzha earthquake 6.8 MS 728
1966-03-08 1966 Xingtai earthquake[10] 37°04′N 114°29′E / 37.067°N 114.483°E / 37.067; 114.483 Xingtai, Hebei 7.2 8,064
1970-01-04 1970 Tonghai earthquake Tonghai County, Yunnan 7.3 MS 15,621
1973-02-06 1973 Luhuo earthquake 7.5 MS [11] 2,175
1974-05-10 1974 Zhaotong earthquake 28°12′N 104°00′E / 28.2°N 104.0°E / 28.2; 104.0
Zhaotong, Yunnan
6.8 20,000[12]
1975-02-04 1975 Haicheng earthquake Haicheng, Liaoning 7.3 MS 1,328 A Red Guard commander ordered an evacuation because people were frightened by a swarm of earthquakes, some large enough to have caused damage. The lives and injuries saved were approximately 8,000 and 27,000, respectively, according to the calculations of Wyss and Wu (2015)[13]. This evacuation proved to be a great common sense reaction to the seismic unrest, although there has not been a scientific prediction.
1976-07-28 1976 Tangshan earthquake Tangshan, Hebei 7.5 MW 242,419 3rd deadliest earthquake of all time.
1976-08-16 1976 Songpan-Pingwu earthquake Sichuan 7.2 MS 41
1980-02-14 1980 Yecheng, Xinjiang earthquake 36°24′N 76°54′E / 36.4°N 76.9°E / 36.4; 76.9 6.0 MB unknown
1981-01-23 1981 Dawu earthquake 30°56′N 101°06′E / 30.93°N 101.10°E / 30.93; 101.10 6.8 ML 150+
1996-02-03 1996 Lijiang earthquake Lijiang, Yunnan 7.0 MS 309+
2001-11-14 2001 Kunlun earthquake 36°07′N 90°32′E / 36.12°N 90.54°E / 36.12; 90.54
Qinghai
7.8 MW 0
2003-02-24 2003 Bachu earthquake 39°37′N 77°14′E / 39.61°N 77.24°E / 39.61; 77.24
Maralbexi (Bachu) County, Xinjiang
6.3 MW 261
2005-11-26 2005 Ruichang earthquake 29°39′25″N 115°43′01″E / 29.657°N 115.717°E / 29.657; 115.717
Ruichang, Jiangxi
5.2 to 5.7 MS 14
2006-07-22 2006 Yanjin earthquake 27°59′31″N 104°12′54″E / 27.992°N 104.215°E / 27.992; 104.215
Yunnan
5.2 MW 19 Damaged local railroad tracks including Neijiang-Kunming line.
2008-05-12 2008 Sichuan earthquake 31°01′16″N 103°22′01″E / 31.021°N 103.367°E / 31.021; 103.367
Wenchuan County, Sichuan
7.9 MW 68,712
+18,392 missing
The deadliest earthquake in China since the 1976 Tangshan earthquake and the strongest since the 1950 Chayu earthquake. The prefecture-level divisions of Mianyang, Ngawa, Deyang, Guangyuan, and Chengdu suffered the most loss of lives. Most of the buildings that collapsed were in rural areas and did not adhere to building codes. At least 4.8 million people were rendered homeless. All highways into Wenchuan, the epicentre, were damaged by the quake, delaying the arrival of relief troops.
2008-08-19 August 19 to September 3, 2008 2008 Yingjiang earthquakes 24°54′N 97°48′E / 24.9°N 97.8°E / 24.9; 97.8
Yunnan
4.1 to 5.9 MS 5
2008-08-30 2008 Panzhihua earthquake 26°12′N 101°54′E / 26.2°N 101.9°E / 26.2; 101.9
Sichuan
5.7 MW 41
2009-01-25 2009 Xinjiang earthquake 43°18′N 80°54′E / 43.3°N 80.9°E / 43.3; 80.9
Xinjiang
5.0 MW 0
2010-04-14 2010 Yushu earthquake 33°18′N 96°42′E / 33.3°N 96.7°E / 33.3; 96.7
Yushu, Qinghai
6.9 MW 2,698
+270 missing
2011-03-10 2011 Yunnan earthquake 24°42′36″N 97°59′38″E / 24.710°N 97.994°E / 24.710; 97.994
Yingjiang County, Yunnan
5.4 MW 26
2012-05-28 2012 Tangshan earthquake Hebei 4.8.Mw 0?
2012-06-30 2012 Xinjiang earthquake 43°34′N 84°45′E / 43.56°N 84.75°E / 43.56; 84.75
Xinjiang
6.3 Mw 0?
2012-09-07 2012 Yunnan earthquakes 27°34′55″N 103°59′24″E / 27.582°N 103.990°E / 27.582; 103.990
Yiliang County, Zhaotong, Yunnan
5.6 Mw 81+
2013-03-03 2013 Yunnan earthquakes 25°55′08″N 99°43′30″E / 25.919°N 99.725°E / 25.919; 99.725
Dali, Yunnan
5.5 Mw 0 There were 30 injuries, out of which three people were severely injured. 2,500 houses were damaged and 700 houses collapsed.
2013-04-20 2013 Ya'an earthquake 30°17′02″N 102°57′22″E / 30.284°N 102.956°E / 30.284; 102.956
Lushan County, Sichuan
6.9 193
+24 missing[14]
2013-07-22 2013 Dingxi earthquake 34°30′N 104°12′E / 34.5°N 104.2°E / 34.5; 104.2
Min County, Dingxi, Gansu
5.9 Mw 95 Magnitude M(s)6.6 according to CENC.
2013-08-31 2013 Yunnan earthquake 28°13′12″N 99°20′35″E / 28.220°N 99.343°E / 28.220; 99.343
Deqen, Yunnan
5.8 Mw 5 According to the China Earthquake Information Center five people died and 17 were injured in Shangri-La and Deqen counties. The quake destroyed 600 and damaged 55,500 residential units; more than 9,000 residents were forced to relocate.
2014-05-24 2014 Yingjiang earthquake 25°00′N 97°48′E / 25.0°N 97.8°E / 25.0; 97.8
Yingjiang County, Yunnan Province
5.6 Mw 0 9,412 homes were destroyed and more than 8,000 people were evacuated.[15]
2014-08-03 2014 Ludian earthquake 27°14′42″N 103°25′37″E / 27.245°N 103.427°E / 27.245; 103.427
Ludian County, Yunnan Province
6.1 Mw 617 A further 1,881 people were injured.[16]
2017-08-08 2017 Jiuzhaigou earthquake 33°12′N 103°49′E / 33.20°N 103.82°E / 33.20; 103.82
Zhangzha Town, Jiuzhaigou County, Sichuan Province
6.5 Mw 25 A further 525 people were injured.[17]
2017-08-09 2017 Jinghe earthquake 44°16′N 82°53′E / 44.27°N 82.89°E / 44.27; 82.89
Jinghe County, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
6.3 Mw 0 33 people were injured.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NGDC. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake". Retrieved October 29, 2010. 
  2. ^ Ruins of Earthquakes Virtual Museum
  3. ^ Y-X. Hu; S-C. Liu; W. Dong (1996). Earthquake Engineering. CRC Press. p. 239. ISBN 978-0-419-20590-6. 
  4. ^ Schuster, R.L. and G. F. Wieczorek, "Landslide triggers and types" in Landslides: Proceedings of the First European Conference on Landslides 2002 A.A. Balkema Publishers. p.66 [1]
  5. ^ "The 1786 earthquake-triggered landslide dam and subsequent dam-break flood on the Dadu River, southwestern China" (PDF). Retrieved October 9, 2009. 
  6. ^ Magnitude 8 and Greater Earthquakes Since 1900 by USGS.gov Archived 12 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 January 2013. Retrieved 2010-10-11.  Retrieved January 30, 2016
  8. ^ "10 Greatest Earthquakes in China in 20th Century". Ningxia Daily website (in Chinese). May 15, 2008. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved June 2, 2008. 
  9. ^ https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eventpage/iscgem889422#general_summary
  10. ^ Major earthquakes on Chinese mainland since 1966. Website of the Consulate General of the People's Republic of China in Houston, USA
  11. ^ Zhou, H.; Allen, C. R.; Kanamori, H. (1983). "Rupture complexity of the 1970 Tonghai and 1973 Luhuo earthquakes, China, from P-wave inversion, and relationship to surface faulting" (PDF). Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. Seismological Society of America. 73 (4): 1585–1597. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 July 2010. 
  12. ^ "Earthquakes with 1,000 or More Deaths 1900–2014". usgs.gov. Archived from the original on 14 January 2013. 
  13. ^ Wyss, M.; Wu, Z. L. (2014). "How Many Lives Were Saved by the Evacuation Before the M7.3 Haicheng Earthquake of 1975?". Seismological Research Letters (85): 126–129. doi:10.1785/0220130089. 
  14. ^ "我省雅安市芦山县发生7.0级地震(续七)". 四川省民政厅. 21 April 2013. Archived from the original on 18 April 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2013. 
  15. ^ "12 injured in SW China quake". Shanghai Daily. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  16. ^ "Magnitude-6.1 earthquake hits China's Yunnan province, at least 367 dead". news.com.au. 4 August 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  17. ^ "Sichuan earthquake kills 25, injuring 525". Retrieved 2017-09-26. 
  18. ^ "33 injured as second quake in less than a day hits China". www.efe.com. Retrieved 2017-09-26.