List of earthquakes in Iran

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Earthquakes in Iran from 1990-2006, by United States Geological Survey

Iran is one of the most seismically active countries in the world, being crossed by several major faults that cover at least 90% of the country.[1] As a result, earthquakes in Iran occur often and are destructive.

Geology and history[edit]

The Iranian plateau is subject to most types of tectonic activity, including active folding, faulting and volcanic eruptions. It is well known for its long history of disastrous earthquake activity. Not only have these earthquakes killed thousands, but they have also led to waste of valuable natural resources.[2] Since 1900, at least 126,000 fatalities have resulted from earthquakes in Iran.[2]

Earthquakes[edit]

Date Region Coords M MMI Fatalities Injuries
2013-11-28 Borazjan 29°22′N 51°19′E / 29.36°N 51.31°E / 29.36; 51.31 5.6 Mw VII 7 45
2013-04-13 Saravan, Iran 28°04′N 62°05′E / 28.06°N 62.08°E / 28.06; 62.08 7.7 Mw 35 117
2013-04-09 Bushehr 28°30′N 51°35′E / 28.50°N 51.59°E / 28.50; 51.59 6.3 Mw 30 (early estimate)
2012-08-11 Tabriz 38°19′N 46°46′E / 38.32°N 46.76°E / 38.32; 46.76 6.4 Mw VIII 306
2012-08-11 Tabriz 6.3 Mw
2011-06-15 Kahnooj 27°59′N 57°34′E / 27.98°N 57.57°E / 27.98; 57.57 5.3 2
2010-12-20 Hosseinabad 28°29′N 59°07′E / 28.49°N 59.12°E / 28.49; 59.12 6.5 Mw IX 11 100
2010-08-27 Damghan 35°32′N 54°31′E / 35.53°N 54.51°E / 35.53; 54.51 5.8 Mw VII 4 40
2008-09-10 Qeshm 26°44′N 55°50′E / 26.74°N 55.83°E / 26.74; 55.83 6.1 Mw 7 45
2006-03-31 Borujerd 35°35′N 48°47′E / 35.58°N 48.79°E / 35.58; 48.79 6.1 ML 66
2005-11-27 Qeshm 26°50′N 55°56′E / 26.84°N 55.93°E / 26.84; 55.93 5.8 Mw VII 13 100
2005-02-22 Zarand 30°43′N 56°49′E / 30.72°N 56.81°E / 30.72; 56.81 6.4 Mw VIII 612 1,411
2004-05-28 Māzandarān 36°16′N 51°35′E / 36.27°N 51.58°E / 36.27; 51.58 6.3 35+ 400 [3]
2003-12-22 Bam 28°51′N 58°15′E / 28.85°N 58.25°E / 28.85; 58.25 6.6 Mw IX 26,271–43,200 22,628–30,000
2002-06-22 Qazvin 35°38′N 49°03′E / 35.63°N 49.05°E / 35.63; 49.05 6.3 Mw VIII 261 1,500
1998-03-14 Golbaf 30°9′N 57°36′E / 30.150°N 57.600°E / 30.150; 57.600 6.6 5 [4]
1997-05-10 Birjand-Qaen 33°49′N 59°48′E / 33.82°N 59.80°E / 33.82; 59.80 7.3 Mw X 1,567 2,300
1997-02-29 Ardabil 38°05′N 48°03′E / 38.08°N 48.05°E / 38.08; 48.05 6.1 Mw VIII 1,100 2,600
1990-06-20 ManjilRudbar 37°04′N 49°17′E / 37.07°N 49.28°E / 37.07; 49.28 7.4 Mw X 35,000–50,000 60,000–105,000
1981-07-28 Southern Iran 30°01′N 57°47′E / 30.01°N 57.79°E / 30.01; 57.79 7.1 Ms 1,500 1,000
1981-06-11 Southern Iran 29°54′N 57°42′E / 29.900°N 57.700°E / 29.900; 57.700 6.9 3,000 [5]
1978-09-16 Tabas 33°13′N 57°29′E / 33.21°N 57.48°E / 33.21; 57.48 7.4 Mw IX 15,000–25,000
1972-04-10 Qir 28°23′N 52°47′E / 28.39°N 52.78°E / 28.39; 52.78 6.7 Mw IX 5,374 1,710
1968-08-31 Dasht-e-Bayaz 34°01′N 58°58′E / 34.02°N 58.96°E / 34.02; 58.96 7.4 Mw X 15,000
1968-09-01 Ferdows 6.4 Mw 900
1965-02-10 Bostanabad-e Bala 5.1 20
1962-09-01 Bou'in-Zahra 35°38′N 49°52′E / 35.63°N 49.87°E / 35.63; 49.87 7.1 ML IX 12,225 2,776
1957-12-13 Sahneh 34°21′0″N 47°40′12″E / 34.35000°N 47.67000°E / 34.35000; 47.67000 7.1 1,130 [6]
1957-07-02 Māzandarān 36°8′24″N 52°42′0″E / 36.14000°N 52.70000°E / 36.14000; 52.70000 7.1 1,200 [6]
1953-02-12 Torud 35°23′N 54°59′E / 35.39°N 54.98°E / 35.39; 54.98 6.6 Mw VIII 800–973 140
1947-08-05 Pasni 7.3 500
1930-05-06 Salmas 38°05′N 44°47′E / 38.09°N 44.78°E / 38.09; 44.78 7.1 Mw X 1,360–3,000
1929-05-01 Koppeh Dagh 38°07′N 57°44′E / 38.12°N 57.74°E / 38.12; 57.74 7.2 Mw IX 3,257–3,800 1,121
1923-05-23 Torbat-e Heydariyeh 33°24′N 59°6′E / 33.400°N 59.100°E / 33.400; 59.100 5.7 2,200 [5]
1909-01-23 Silakhor of Borujerd 33°00′N 53°00′E / 33.0°N 53.0°E / 33.0; 53.0 7.3 ML IX 6,000–8,000
1895-01-17 Quchan 37°06′N 58°24′E / 37.1°N 58.4°E / 37.1; 58.4 6.8 Ms VIII 1,000–11,000
1893-11-17 Quchan 37°12′N 58°24′E / 37.2°N 58.4°E / 37.2; 58.4 6.6 Ms X 18,000
1755-06-07 Kashan 33°59′N 51°27′E / 33.983°N 51.450°E / 33.983; 51.450 40,000
1727-11-18 Tabriz 38°00′N 46°18′E / 38.0°N 46.3°E / 38.0; 46.3 VIII 77,000
1721-04-26 Shebli 38°00′N 46°18′E / 38.0°N 46.3°E / 38.0; 46.3 7.7 Ms VIII–X 8,000–250,000
1042-08-21 Tabriz 38°0′N 46°2′E / 38.000°N 46.033°E / 38.000; 46.033 7.6 40,000
893-03-23 Ardabil 38°15′N 48°17′E / 38.250°N 48.283°E / 38.250; 48.283 150,000
856-12-22 Damghan 36°10′N 54°21′E / 36.167°N 54.350°E / 36.167; 54.350 7.9 Ms 200,000
Note: The inclusion criteria for adding events are based on WikiProject Earthquakes' notability guideline that was developed for stand alone articles. The principles described also apply to lists. In summary, only damaging, injurious, or deadly events should be recorded.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Preliminary Earthquake Reconnaissance Report on the June 22, 2002 Changureh (Avaj), Iran Earthquake". International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology. 2002-07-19. Retrieved December 30, 2008. 
  2. ^ a b Manuel Berberian. "100 years; 126,000 deaths". The Iranian. 
  3. ^ "Magnitude 6.3 - Northern Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Today In Earthquake History - March 14". United States Geological Survey. February 18, 2008. Retrieved March 14, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "Historic Worldwide Earthquakes". United States Geological Survey. January 29, 2009. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  6. ^ a b "Earthquakes with 1,000 or More Deaths since 1900". United States Geological Survey. January 29, 2009. Retrieved March 18, 2009. 

External links[edit]